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Vol. XII. No. 585. [^f™] MONDAY, APRIL 6, 1885. [ New a 8 y pe r.] One Penny. 


By Helen Bkiston. 

''Thy vaunts are vain." — Virgil, 
*' Short-lived as we are, yet our pleasures we see, 
Have a still shorter date, and die sooner than we." 
— Cowpkb. 
Dr. Hall was being driven rapidly along- in a cab. 
He was in search of the wanderer. But in spite of his 
having— as he thought— secured the right address, 
the hotel named was not to be found in the street 
given, and his patience was sadly tried. But at last 
they drew up suddenly, and the cabman 6houted, 
" 'Ere it is, mister. Goodness me, what's up ?" 
It was not an hotel of special importance, rather a 
quiet place in a usual way, with fees that were less 
extravagant than those of its more important rivals. 
Yet now there was a crowd assembled outside, a 
motley group of persons of almost all sorts and sizes 
from the respectable elderly gentleman, who would 
have been glad to have passed on his way homewards, 
only he was so hemmed in between two or three other 
persons as not to be able to move, to the small but 
sharp-eyed little street arab who had come up to see 
«'the fun." 

" Stand and wait for mo, I shall want you again," 
said Dr. Hall as he alighted. 

Then he threaded his way through the crowd and 
entered. Two policemen were just inside, and between 
them a young man who was resisting desperately 
their efforts to handcuff him. At the moment Dr. 
Hall entered there issued from his lips such a volley 
of abuse directed towards the officers of jus:ice that 
out of pity the former stepped forward and spoke to 
him in an undertone. 

" My young friend, you will do yourself real harm 
by this. Whatever it is, submit quietly now, you will 
have opportunity of defence by and bye," 

Tho young man turned a handsome face, but a faci 
alas I full of excited an^er and proud scorn upon the 
doctor, "Submit, indeed !'' he said, with an oath. 
" What, to be treated in this way ? Because a fellow 
insults me and I knock him down as a punishment ? 
If he is fool enough to strike his head against a heavy 
poet in falling, is that my fault ? I won't submit. I 
t;ll you." 

Dr. Hall fell back a little. For a moment he had 
almost forgotten the person he was seeking in his 
interest in the prisoner. 

" What has he been doiDg ?" he asked, of a respect- 
ably-dressed bystander. 

" It's likely to be manslaughter," was the reply. 
"The fellow was fall of drink, not drunk, you know, 
but excited ; they'd been in the billiard-room, one of 
them had been cheating— I don't know which, daresay 
one was as bad as the other— and both came oat here 
in a regular fury of passion, but that fellow especially. 
The other began to call him names, and then this one 
dealt him a blow on the chest that sent him to the 
ground. It was an unfortunate thing, there heme 
►■that awkward post just in the way, he hit his head 
^ Hpon that, and although he waBn't dead when they 
took him off to the; hospital, it's probable he'll be 

gone before morning. It's a pity these young men 
n't keep their tempers under 1" 
The doctor did not answer, but he moved a little 
nearer to the prisoner as if he would have again ad- 
dressed him. If this were his intention, he was pre- 
vented from carrying it into execution, for another 
figure approached at this moment and arrested the 
course of the policemen, who hal succeeds! in adjust- 
g the handcuffs, and were making for the door with 
as much speed as was possible under the circum- 

"Here, have patience a moment? ' he said, in a 
cool voice. There is no objection to his sending mes- 
sages to his friends if he wishes, I suppose. Roland, 
shall I go to the Fernleys V 

Yes," was the answer, and the look of fury passed 
suddenly from the dark face of the prisoner, " and get 
Mr. Fernley to interfere on my behalf. You saw it 
all, you know how it was, you can tell him everything, 
He knows law as well as a lawyer, better than 1 should 
ever know it, and he can decide whom to consult. 
There are plenty of them who would gladly be of 
service to me " And he cast a contemptuous glance 
at the officers beside him, as much as to say, " You 
see you have not a mean person to deal with." 

" Be quick, if you please, sir," said one of the men, 
" We've our duty to do, and it's not worth spending so 
much time over it." 

"Roland," said Francis Caine, "it shall be done. 
Have you any message further than this ? " 

"Tell Hetty — if Bhe must be told anything about it 
— that she is not to trouble in the least. It's sure to 
come out all right." 

But in spite of those boastful words Roland Poole 
dil not seem to be without fears for himself, for a 
moment after he said, 

"You'll stand my friend, Caine ; you won't let what 
passed between us this evening make any difference. 
There was nothing in it, of course, you know. You 
won't think anything mo:c about that." 
" No, no ; depend upon me to do anything I can." 
The policemen were impatient. Caine moved a 
step or two back until Roland began the same angry 
abuse again, then he stepped forward once more. 

"You'll make it a much harder case," he said, in a 
low tone ; you must know that. Tot Hetty Fernley's 
sake, if not for your own, go quietly." 

The thought of Hetty Bobdued him, and he con- 
sented to be led off without further reasoning. 

Dr. Hall had stood by while this scene had been 
enacted. When it was over, and Francis Caine was 
about to move away from the place he suddenly 
stepped up to him, and laid a hand on his shoulder. 

A swift look look of surprise passed over Caine's 
face. There came a slight flush to his oheek, as if be 
were ashamed to meet hisold friend, but that first 
impression seemed quickly to pass, and he greeted him 
with genuine cordiality. There had been a coldness 
between these two ever since Dr. Hall had spoken his 
mind plainly about Mary Bailey ; on the single 
occasion on which they had met since Francis left 
Berndale his manner towards his truest friend had 
savoured of vexation, and for this Dr. Hall was still 
prepared. But there was no vestige of it in the face 
that was before him now ; he almost wished there had 
been. That face was wan, the eyes were sunken, the 
mouth moved irresolutely. What a wreck of the fine 

young man who had so completely won Dr. Hall's 

Yes, Dr. Hall's heart had been completely ?von, and 
that was why he refrained from all reproach now for 
what was past, and simply clasped Caine's band in his 
warm, manly grasp. The latter was now only sensible 
of a feeling of relief, and it shewed itself in his tone 
of voice as he said, "Dr. Hall you could not have 
come at a more opportune moment. That young fellow 
is a friend cf mine, I am afraid he has got himself 
into serioas trouble, and I would do nlnn st anything 
to extricate him from this difficu'ty. You hearlthem 
say what it was, I suppose." 

" Yes, and from what he said too, I should judge it 
will be no easy thing to extricate him. His resistance 
when taken will go against him, you know." 

"I know it," replied Caine, sally, " bat it wa3 no 
use telling him. When his blood is up he will not 
listen to reason." 
" He is very young, is he not ? " 
"Yes, only twenty-one, ten years younger than I 
am. If it had only been me now, it would not have 
mattered, but when Roland suffers there are innocent 
ones who suffer with him. That reminds me," added 
Caine, taking out his watch, " that I must go at once 
to the Fernleys ; Roland was quite right when he 
said Mr. Fernley would know what to do, he is a 
shrewd man and looks at things in a practical 

"I will go with you," said Dr. Hall, "I called there 
first, before I came on to you." 

"Oh, you fcot my address there, I suppose?" 
" No, I could not learn it from them, I had to go to 
Dr. de Burgh's." 

"And you know all that has been happening to me 1 
Alary Bailey— has she told you about me? Has she 

troubled herself to tell you " 

"Hu3h, Cain-?, don't speak like that. You are in 
trouble, and I have come to help you. Now, let U3 
start at once for Mr. Fernley's, and you can tell me 
more about things going along." 

They found the cab still waiting and jumped into 

"And why do you go to Mr. Fernley's? Is this 
young man related to them? Will it affect them 
seriously that this shoull have happened,"' asked Dr 

There was real pity in Francis Caine's face as he 
answered, '* God only knows hoto seriously it may 
affect one member of the family. Poor Hetty ! They 
have been engaged only a few days, but it has been 
an attachment from childhood. You were not near 
enough to hear what Poole Baid then? " 

"I heard some of his remarks, but not any that re- 
ferred to the Fernleys. He said something about a 
difference between himself and you, Caine ; it is no- 
thing that willin any wayinvolveyou in this matter?" 
" Not at all 1 " replied Caine. Then he added, with 
a little hesitation in his manner, " Roland Poole and 
I, though we have been good friends, have always 
disagreed when we have talked upon one subjeot. 
That subject was brought up this evening, and our 
quarrel was sharper than usual, it is really owing to 
that that you see me as I am now. Dr. Hall." 
" How do you mean ?" 

" I was too angry to drink with him as usual, and 
was in the act of going out to be as far from him as 


April 6, 1885. 

possible when this happened. I have hardly tasted 
anything this evening." 

" It is a good thing that it is so, or you would not 
he a suitable person to go on this errand, Your friend 
was much the worse for drink, I am afraid." 

" Not drunk," replied Caiue, decidedly. "Roland 
never has got drunk. He could take the same quan- 
tity that would reuder auotlier man quite iucipable, 
and only shew it by being rather more fiery than 

" Ah 1" said Dr. Hall, sadly, '• then it comes back 
to that. He probably coald have controlled himself 
if he had not drunk so deeply." 

It was true. Eoland had prided himself upon his 
capability of drinking without— as ho thought — over- 
stepping the bounds of moderation 1 He had forgotten 
that while the wine might fail to reduce hiin to a 
state of miserable idiocy, it would still in some way 
shew its power over him. It was this demon within 
him that had inflamed his passions, and led to the com- 
mittal of an act by which ho would not only work his 
own ruiu, but cause indescribable pain to one who 
might have been to him as a guiding star. 

The difference between him and Francis Caiue to 
which the latter roferred in his conversation with Dr. 
Hall waB occasioned by Roland's malicirus insinua- 
tions respecting Mary Bailey", and her desire to entrap 
Mr. Fernley into a matrimonial alliance. Francis had, 
as he Baid, hardly tasted any drink that evening, for 
after some Btormy conversation with Roland, 
he had declined his further company, and had been 
on the point of leaving him ; indeed, he had left Aim, 
though not the hotel, for he had met another 
acquaintance iu going out, and had stayed talking to 
him until he was called for in the billiard-room 
(whither Roland bad repaired) to make an attempt to 
settle a dispute which had arisen between his friend 
and another young man. Knowing that owing to 
their recent disagreement his interference would 
not be toleratod, he had yet halted to see the end 
of the contest, which he had imagined would be 
carried on by words only, but when Roland's 
unexpected blow had suddenly placed him in the 
position of something very like a murderer, all his 
bitter feelings died away in a moment, and nothing 
remained but real sympathy, and a strong desire to be 
of use to his friend. 

Mr. Fernley sat alone in his library, when a knock 
came at the front door. It was more than half-past 
10, and the rest of the household were already in 
their bedrooms. It was a gentle knock that was 
given, and it did not rouse Mr. Fernley from his 
reverie. But another ear caught it, and a light step 
sounded upon the Btaircase. 

" Is it Dr. Hall back again ? " Mary was saying in 
her heart, " and if bo, what has brought him ?" 

She hesitated before she opened the door. She had 
at that moment a strange sensation of fear, "a pre- 
sentiment that when the door was thrown open, some 
great sorrow would enter through it. She had no 
wonderings as to whether this trouble would come to 
herself or to others ; perhaps if she had had she would 
have prayed as she stood with her hand upon the 
latch that she, and she only, might surfer. 

She made a sudden effort, and set the door wide 
open. Then as the light of the lamp she held in her 
hand streamed upon the two faces before her, Cniue's 
wan, dejected, anxious, and Dr. Hall's unusually grave 
and Bad, she trembled visibly. Why had they come 
there together, and at that time of night, and with 
such grave, mysterious looks ? 

"Don't be frightened, Mary," said Dr. Hall, step- 
ping inside as he spoke. Take Caine to Mr. Fernley at 
once, if he is at home, and then come back to me, and 
I will tell you all." 

Mary set down the lamp, and without a word led the 
way to Mr. Fernley 's library. When sho had seen the 
door open and shut again in a moment as Caine 
entered the room, she returned to Dr. Hall, whom she 
had left standing just inside the door. 

"Oh, what is it? " she almost gasped, as she sank 
down upon a chair. 

"No, I cannot tell you here, Mary; if we were 
overheard by the young people it might have a very 
serious effect upon one of them " ; ami he drew her 
into tho dining-room.where the gas was still burning, 
though turned quite low. 

*' It is Hetty I" exclaimed Mary. " Ob, that it had 
been trouble for anyone else. She is least able to 
bear it." w _ _ . „ 

Dr. Hall told her gently what had happened. Be- 
fore he had concluded Mr. Fernley hastily entered the 
room, followed by Francis. 

■ Miss Bailey," said the former, " I am going off 
with Dr. Caine now to see some of Roland's profes- 
sional friends. Something must be done to help him. 
I will leave Hetty entirely to you, if you have no 
objection. Perhaps it will be better not to say any- 
thing to her to-night. Sir,"— turning to Dr. Hall— 
"I am obliged to you ; you will excuse my being 
hasty. Dr. Caine, I am quite ready —and Mr. Fernley 
walked out again with the air of a man whose plans 
are all laid out. 

Francis Caine glanced at Mary. She had not 
addressed a word to him. He was longing for her 
eyes to rest on him, if only for a moment, but though 
at any other time they would have dealt sadly upon 
hat changed countenauce,to-night her thoughts n» — 

all for Hetty ; she saw nothing but her sweet, girlish 
face blanched with diead, and drawn with anguish. 

She iIocb not even notice me," was Caine's bitter 
thought, as he followed Mr. Fernley out. "And I will 
ofc tiouble her." 

Dr. Hall went with them to the door, and stood for 
minute speaking to Mr. Fernley, and arranging with 
Oaine where tho/ shonld meat next Then he came 
back to Marv. 

"An; you going to stay with me till Mr. 
turns ?" she aBked, looking wistfully up at him." 
'■ No, I should like to, but I think it will be better 
for mo to go back to the hotel, and from thence to 
to whichever hospital this young man now lies in. 
Besides, yon had better go to bed, I saw Mr. Fernley 
take the k y of the door, no r'oubt he thought that 
you would do so." 

' I cannot," answered Mary, and then with full 
eyes she asked. 

" Do you think it will be belter to leave Hetty in 
gnorance until the morning?" 
" Decidedly. And then you must tell her, Mary." 
Mary bowed to his decision, although she felt that 
f she had been in netty's place she would rather havo 
known the whole truth at one. When he was gone, 
he paced np and down the dining-room in restless 
orro'.v for two hours, wondering — jet hardly daring 
to think— how Hetty would receive the strange in- 

Mr. Fernley came home at last, entering quietly, 
and with a slow, cautions step. 

Oh, I hardly expected tofiud you up, Miss Bailey," 
>aid, as Mary came forward to meet him, "yon 
have said nothing to Hetty, I suppose?" 
" Nothing, Mr. Fernley." 
There was a little pause, then Mary asked, 
" What is the feeling among those whom you have 
seen ? Will you tell mc ?" 

"I have met wilh no comfort, Miss Bailey. They 
all assure me that it is a most difficult and delicate 
matter. And coming home we saw Dr. nail again,and 
learnt from him that the man is dead, died of concus- 
ion of the brain an hour since. What a 
foolish fellow he mnst lie. I never thought Roland 

so weak as to let his passion get the better of him 

like that. If he can't keep his temper under control, 
he's not fit to be trusted with Hctty : and he shall never 
have her, no, never I even if he gets through this 
affair without any particular disgrace, which I am 
really afraid he will not. lie acted so absurdly too,af ter 
his arrest ; what could he have been thinking of ?" 
lie was not himself, Mr. Fernley, he had that 
lin him which moved him to do what he would not 
have been capable of without it." 
Vou defending Roland? " 

Hardly that, though I see no reason why not ? I am 
only more full of anger than ever against strong 
drink. It brings sorrow into so many homes. My 
sympathy is chiefly with Hetty. Oood-night, Mr. 

Mary put ont her hand, and he took it. They were 
both entirely forgetful of the conversation of the 
evening. There svas another subject much nearer 
to their hearts now. Very slowly Mary mounted 
the staircase and turned up the two or three 
stairs that led from tho lauding to Hetty's bed- 
room. She put the light iu the shade and went and 
stood beside the bed where the girl lay, and as she 
gazed upon the fair yonng check that rested so calmly 
upon the pillow, and saw the red lips unclose a little, 
and then close again as if she were smiling at some 
sweet creation of her sleep, she drew a long, pitiful 
sigh. What an awakening it would be for her I How 
strange it seemed that she could sleep on so peacefully 
when, if she did but know it, the happiness sli8 had 
counted hers was gone from her for ever. 

Poor Hetty, she would know it soon enough 1 Ard 
the blow was to be even heavier than Mary thought ! 
{To le continued .) 

Shall the Plague be Staved?— The plague has 
indeed begun, they have been dy ng of it for two cen- 
turies ; they are dying now, dying of disease, dying 
by violence, dying by suicide, dying in squallid garrets 
everywhere ; strong men, miserable women, little 
children, dying bo slowly that none call it murder. 
. The Legislature willnothelp us because, they 
tell us, that asyet public opinion is not strong enough. 
Then in God's name let public opinion be strong 

enough Wh.t the Senate refuses now, it 

cannot, it will not, it dare not refuse when a nation, 
knocking at its door with righteous and imperious 
demands, tells them that they are there to do its 
bidding.— lttr. Canon Farrar, Stfmonin Wettminster 


Of all Dirt from everything 

By using Hudson's Extract of Soap, 


Purity Health, and Perfect Satisfaction by its regular use' 


It is a PURE DRY SOAP in fine powder, and lather 

freely in Hot or Cold Water. 

Refuse Imitations— InsiBt upon HTJDSON'3. 


Personal Subscriptions received dutiug the week 
ending Mareh 20, 1885 : — 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Thomas Harris (Caiue) 8 5 

R. Mansergh (Lancashire) 2 2 

11. lied fern (Stockport) 110 

Mis. ManWergh (Lancastei) 10 

MissManscrgh(Laiu:asliiie) 10 

.l„h„ Smith (Trowbridge) 10 

William Gilford (Redhill) 10 

T. R.Hope (Redhill) 5 

Thomas Drumr-ald (London) 5 

Rev.R. Thompson (Kedlnll) ft 

F. Biavon (Chippenham) 5 

R. C. Arding (Salisbury) 5 

Charles Moody (Salisbury) 5 

Charles Gillm-m (Devizes) 5 

Amounts under 5s. ... 

12 13 II 

Lodge Subscriptions received during tbo week 

eliding March 20, 1685 :— 
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE.— Lod?o 2,203, is. 21. ... 1 2 
Cheshire, East and Mid.— Lodge SBG, 13. 4d. 14 
Durham, South— Lodgo 1,013. 7d. ; 2,793, 

Is. lOd 2 5 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE, WEST— Lode.0 1,838,3s. 51. o 3 r. 
HERTFORDSHIRE — Lodge l,"'.ll, Is. .VI <> 1 ; > 

Isle of Wight— Lodge 958, 2s. fd 2 7 

Kent, MiD-Lodge 54, Is 10 

Lancashire, South-East— Lodge 303. Is. 5d. 

4G0,1b. 2d 2 5 

Middlesex— Lodge 47, Is, 8d.; 853, la. 6d. ... 3 1 

Monmouth— Lodge 007, 2s. lid .. 2 G 

Norfolk— Lodge 1,009, lOd.j 1,883, 1*. 6d. ... 2 4 
Noiu iiAMl-l'ON, Sornl — Lodi;o 430, Is. 5d.; 459, 

3s.2d. ; 3,380, Is. 4d., Is. 4d 7 3 

NORTHUMIIKKLANII— Lod-O' 820, 1«. 'id 14 

Oxfordshire— Lodgo 2,300, 3s 3 

Shropshire— Lodge 1,5L'G, la; 2,511, 2s. ... 3 

Staffordshire, West— Lodge 2,37s. 3s 2d. 3 2 
Surrey, East and Mid— Lodge -i 1, 5a. til. ; 

2,371, 4s. 2d 9 8 

Sussex— Lodge 1,245, Cd.; 1,801, 81 12 

Worcestershire— Lodge 2,202, Od 

Yorkshire, North— Lodge 940, 9d 9 

Yorkshire, South- West — Lodge 1,909, Is. M. Oil 

ersonal subsciiptions received during tb 
ending March 27, 18S5 :— 

£ s. d. i 

"A Friend." 5 

R. Walker, Esq., J.P., Maidenhead... 10 

G. 1. Dashwood, London 10 

W. T. Furniss, Kettering 10 

Amounts under 5s 2 

Lodge Subscriptions received during the wees sat- 
ing March 27, 18S3 ;— 

Cumberland, West— Lodge G8. 4d 4 

Devon, East— Lodge 718, Is. 8d 18 

Essex-Lodge 301, Is 1 

Lancashire, North— Lodge 593, 2s. 3d 2 3 

Lancashire, South-West— Lodge 1,044, 5d. ... 5 

Nortiiumderlanii— Lodpe 1,037, 1< 10 

Staffordshire, East— Lodpe 70, 4s. ; 480, Gd. 4 

Suffolk— Lodge 3,049, Is. 7d 17 

Surrey, East and Mm-Lodge 890, 1-. 9d. 1 9 
Yorkshire, North— Lodge 014, Is. ..010 

Yorkshire, North-Wist— Lodge 3,135, lid. 11 

NAVAL-Lodge W, 2s. Od 2 

£0 18 11 
Jas. J. Woods (Hon.) G.W.Sec. 
G.L. offices, Birmingham. 


'■ The drones of the community ; they f.ed 
On the mechanic's labour ; the starved hind 
For them compels the stubborn glebe to -, : ! 1 
Its unshared harvest ; and yon squallid form 
Drags out in labour a protracted death 
To glut Ibeir graudenr."— Slulley. 
Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic, a Blessing. 
— "Theic are now, within the province of Canterbury 
1,397 parishes, with an aggregate population of 
222,258 persons, in which there is neither public-house 
not beer-shop, and where, in consequence of the 
absence of these inducements to crime and pauporisa, 
the intelligence, morality, and comfort of the people 
are such as the friends of Temperance would have 
anticipated."— Convocation Report for Frovince of 

MB.Frakk Wright, of uotermented wine 
drc-sing a meeting recently, explained the simple pro- 
cess of making uniutoxicating wines. Ue produced a 
bottle of grape juice pressed from the grape and put 
into an ordinary bottle and inserted in cold water. 
This had been heated nearly to a boiling, the grape 
juice had swollen in the bottle, and all he had now to 
do was simply to cork the bottle w T hilc the fluid was 
in its heated state, so that no cold air coukF get to it, 
and this could all be done rapidly by hand. Then the 
cork was sealed with common sealing-wax, and so long 
as it remained unbroken the wiDe would remain un- 

April 6, 1865. 




To the e.n.C.T.. Officer*, and Memhen of the Grand 
Lodge of England, I.O.O.T. 

I. -Introductory. 
Bhotheiw and Sisters,— The resolutions adopted 
by the Grand Lodge »t its last Annual Session at 
Leicester, were duly forwarded by me to the members 
of Her Majesty's Government, and were formally 
acknowledged. Such resolutions as are deemed appro- 
priate to the present stage of the prohibitory move- 
ment will be submitted to you during the present 
Session by the Committee on Political Action. 

My thoughts and efforts have been continually 
directed during the past year to the education of our 
own membership in the first principles of the prohibi- 
tion of the traffic in intoxicating' liquors, and to 
encouraging and helping them to the best of my 
power to make our objects, and the reasonableness and 
righteousness of our aims, better understood by states- 
men and politicians, and by the public generally. 
Little as one man can do, I feel that my efforts, by 
means of the Press, and through the practical sym- 
pathy and zeal of my fellow workers in every 
Parliamentary division in England, have not been 
without good results. It is most difficult to give a 
detailed report of the work done by myself or by the 
thousands of political fellow workers in our Sub- 
ordinate and District Lodges. The official reports 
which I have summarised convey a very inadequate 
idea of the work done in the several districts ; while 
to my knowledge much valuable effort has been put 
forth in many districts (some of which has been 
chronicled in our official organ from time to time) 
whose elected and commissioned officers have failed to 
send me any formal report of their work. It would be 
well if the District Lodges, which elect these 
officials, would insist upon receiving annual 
reports from the District Electoral Deputies 
in duplicate of those required to be furnished to the 
Grand Electoral Superintendent for the information 
of this Grand Lodge. Some improved system of re- 
porting is still required, by which negligent officials 
shall be found out ; by which also the good workdone 
by modest officials shall be recorded ; and by which 
all ahull be stimulated to more determined effort 
our political warfare. 

No legislative enactment for the removal of 
temperance has adorned our national statute-books 
during the past year ; or, it may more appropriately be 
said that the sin of wilful and wicked neglect to 
lessen in the smallest degree during 1 the past year 
the source of evils admittedly greater than war, 
pestilence,andfamine,lies at the door of our legislature 
To this guilt the national conscience must be aroused 
or an ever-growing penalty of suffering 1 and death 
must inevitably be paid. Even the smallest efforts 
for Sunday Closing in Cornwall and for its extension 
in Ireland have been persistently talked out by a few 
miserable obstructionists ; and the Government of the 
day has displayed a helpless indifference, may we 
say a hopeless incompetence? But what shall be 
of us, as members of this Grand Lodge, or of any pro- 
fessedly-enlightened Temperance reformers, if in future 
we assist the return to power of any man who will not 
pledge himself to make it impossible that such negl 
gence and such connivance with destitution and crime 
and death shall be repeated in the next Parliament I 

A few impoitant events worthy of note, bearing 
upon Temperanco legislative effort, have occurred 
during the year. 

II.— The Hyde Park Demonstration 
in support of the extended Franchise, which h 
now passed into an Act of Parliament, and beyond 
party conflict, was recruited by a very strong con 
tingent of Temperance men. As an Order, we took no 
part in that demonstration, but I refer to it a 
illustration of the fact that it is hardly possible for any 
great national gnthering of patriotic Englishmen to 
assemble, without a display of the great hold which 
Temperance principles have gained with the masses 
Our brethren of the Phcenix Order were the most con 
epicnous part of the procession, and with their banner* 
and regalia, supplemented by a very numerous follow^ 
ing of Temperance men of various sections, made an 
imposing display that commanded the respect alike of 
friends and opponents in the political world. Bro 
Insull, in his personal capacity, was the chief organi 
of the Temperance contingent, and did his work w 
remarkable success. 

III.— The National Temperance Congress 
held in 'Liverpool, in June last, under the presidency 
of the Lord Bishop of Exeter, had a notable bearing 
upon legislative effort, to which a day's conference was 
dt voted, under the chairmanship of Cardinal Manning. 
Papers by Mr. A. Balfour, J.P., and Mr. E. Stafford 
Howard, M. P., were read, and a series of resolutions 
was keenly debated and adopted. Mr. Balfour 
the champion of the form of legislation called 
"Local Control"; the Rev. J. West was the lead 
advocate of Representative Licensing Boards 
the plan of Canon Ellison and the Church of England 
Temperance Society ; Mr. J. H. Raperand others ably 
represented the United Kingdom Alliance ; whilst 

Bro3. Malins, Collings, and myself represented our 
Grand Lodge. The resolutions as ultimately adopted 
(1) set forth the terrible evils of intemperance; (2) 
demanded precedence in legislation in view of the 
urgency of the needs; (3) indicated that it must be 
in the direction of placing power in the hands of the 
people to control all licensing; (4) stated that this 
might be satisfactorily accomplished by the forma- 
tion of Boards elected by the ratepayers ; (5) that 
licensing control should not be merged with other 
duties, as of Town Councils or County Boards ; (K) 
iefined the duties of such Boards, extending to " the 
witbolding of all licences" ; (7) suggested that 
Elections Bhould be biennial : and (8) (upon the 
motion of Dr. McMurtry, of Belfast) affirmed — 

The Full and Direct Veto. — "That this congress 
approves and promises to support all measures likely 
to diminish the facilities for the purchase of intoxicat- 
ing drinks and the evils arising therefrom, and 
believes that experience has abundantly proved the im- 
possibility of carrying on the common sale of these 
drinks without, unfortunately, more harm than good to 
the country : and therefore declares that no legislative 
measure will be adequate or satisfactory that does not 
give the ratepayers a full and direct veto over the 
issue and renewal of all licences for the sale of intoxi- 
cating drinks in their respective districts." 

The final adoption of this resolution by an over- 
whelming majority, in so representative an assembly, 
and where even the advocates of Licensing Boards and 
" popular control " were, in such strong force, is a satis- 
factory evidence of the widely admitted necessity that 
the full and direct veto must be the necessary supple- 

ent and complement of all Temperance legislation. 

IV.— Our Conference with the Church of England 
Temperance Society, The Liverpool Popular Con- 
trol, and Kindred Organisations. 

It was reported by the Executive to the last Annual 
Session of Grand Lodge that the G.W.C.T., G.E.S., and 
G.W.T., had attended (in the previous November) a 
conference of various Temperance organisations, called 
in London by the Church of England Temperance 
Society, and had there united in adopting certain 
resolutions submitted regarding legislative proposals, 
and the general question of licensing reform. It is 
with deep regret that I feel bound to report to this 
Grand Lodge that the resolutions to which, as represent- 
ing the Good Templar Order, your representatives stood 
committed at that Conference, have been most 
seriously misrepresented, not only to a large and 
influential community of Christian clergymen and the 
public, but also to the Government itself. 

The resolutions tbeni3elves,as adopted with our sup- 
port;, were far from being such a legislative declaration 
as we could have hoped for, but our friendly desire 
to co-operate, as far as we possibly could, with a great 
kindred Temperance organisation, induced us to support 
the resolutions as they were finally, and mainly at our 
instance, amended, so as to secure the united support of 
the Conference. A statement of the alleged intent of 
these resolutions was subsequently attached to a 
memorial, which was submitted by the Ven. Arch- 
deacon Bardsley to, and obtained the signatures 
of, 713 clergymen of Liverpool and the district. 
The memorial, setting - forth the said resolutions, 
was presented to tho Prime Minister through the Home 
Secretary, by an influential deputation from Liverpool, 
and supported by the presence and advocacy of the 
Rev. Canon Ellison, the honoured chairman, and other 
officials of the Church of England Temperance Society. 

This memorial, emanating from so influential a body 
of clergymen, whose minds had been misinformed by 
untrue statements, contained errors of fact too serious 
to be overlooked, and I thought it my duty to call 
attention to them in the columns of our official organ, 
in November last. The article in the Watchword 
directing attention to this circumstance carefully 
guarded the Church of England Temperance Society 
from any direct responsibility for the misrepresenta- 
tions complained of, but respectfully urged that 
society to forward a correction to the ministers who 
had signed the memorial, and to the members of Her 
Majesty's Government. I regret that these overtures 
resulted in a series of angry articles in the official 
organ of the Church of England Temperance 
Society, charging the editor of the Watch- 
word with making- " misleading statements " and 
" offensive allegations ; " with " pretending to 
make remarkable discoveries," and with " scatter- 
ing the seeds of distrust and division among the 
ranks of Temperance Reformers." Painful as 
it was to be thus untruly charged with conduct 
I hope I could not be guilty of, I felt that it might be 
better to suffer in my own reputation for a time than 
even contribute to perpetuate an unseemly debate ; 
but, notwithstanding the public attention di- 
rected to this matter in the Watchword, 
and in the C.E.T. Chronicle, and that the 
matter was in the most friendly and respect- 
ful manner brought under the direct personal notice 
of Canon Ellison, Archdeacon Bardsley, and Mr. 
Balfour, no intimation has reached us either privately 
or publicly of any intention to correct the misstate- 
ments, or to remove the aspersions I have described. 
On the contrary, so recently as February last, the mis- 
statements were again repeated in the annual report of 
the Liverpool PopularControl Association. Under these 
ciroumstances I would venture to recommend the 

Grand Lodge to adopt a memorial to the Government 
which shall fully rectify the errors complained of ; 
and that printed copies of such memorial, also setting 
forth the claims of the direct popular veto, be for- 
warded, as far as practicable, to the leading officials 
and supporters of the C.E.T.S , and of the Liverpool 
Popular Control Association ; also to the 713 
clergymen who signed the inaccurate memorial. The 
effect of such counter memorial will be to inform the 
Government of the real agreement that exists among' 
Temperance reformers throughout the laud in support 
of a Direct Popular Local Veto, and that no measure 
will be regarded as satisfactory which does not place the 
absolute power of prohibition in the hands of the peoplo 
themselves. It will also correct the false impression 
on this subject which has been created in the minds of 
so many clergymen, and others interested in Temper- 
ance legislation in all parts of the kingdom. 

The following is thj 

V.— Form of the- Memorial, 
which I venture to submit for your adoption : — 

To the Right Honourable William Ewakt 
Gladstone, First Lord of the Treasury. 

Sir, — The Grand Lodge of England of the Indepen- 
dent Orders of Good Templars, assembled in annual 
session in the Town Hall, Manchester, during Easter 
week, April G to 10, 1885, and comprising persona 
from every county in England, representing 80,000 
adult subscribing 1 members, respectfully solicits your 
kind attention and that of your Right Honourable col- 
leagues in her Majesty's Government, to the following 
facts :— 

1. That a memorial was presented to you on 
February 20, 188"), by a deputation including the 
Rev. R. II. Lundie, M.A., of the Liverpool Popular 
Control Association, the venerable Archdeacon Bards- 
ley, M.A., of Warrington, the Rev. Canon Ellison, 
M.A., and other gentlemen representing the Church of 
England Temperance Society, which said memorial 
and deputation weie received on your behalf by the 
Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Home 

2. The said memorial contained the signatures of the 
Lord Bishop of Liverpool and 316 clergymen of the 
Church of England ; of the bishop aud 188 priests of 
the Roman Catholic Church ; and of 207 Noncon- 
formist ministers ; making 711 signatures in all. 

3. The said memorial contained statements as to tho 
terrible evils of intemperance, and the urgent need 
for a measure of licensing reform, with which this 
Grand Lodge very deeply sympathises ; and it is the 
most earnest desire of this Grand Lodge very cordially 
to co-operate with all kindred organisations and 
efforts for the promotion of wise Temperance legisla- 

4. The said memorial informed you of certain 
resolutions alleged to have been adopted at a Con- 
ference of the leading Temperance organisations in 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, which had been as- 
sembled at the central offices of the Church of England 
Temperance Society. 

5. Representatives from this Grand Lodge having 
attended the said Conference, we have to inform you 
that the said resolutions have, doubtless through in- 
advertence, been presented to you in an altered form 
from that in which they received the approval of our 
representatives, and the unanimous assent of the 
Conference then assembled. 

G. The resolutions, as erroneously set forth in tho 
memorial, state that, inter alia, in' the opinion of the 
conference (1), the "granting " of licences should be 
put into the hands of the public ; (2) that "the best 
method " of carrying out the views of the memorialists 
would be through elected Licensing Boards ; and (3) 
that the functions of such boards should be exercised 
" within the limit of restrictions " to be agreed upon by 

7. We have to inform you that the words " quoted " 
and italicised in the foregoing paragraph were none 
of them included in the resolutions which were unani- 
mously adopted by the Conference ; but that on the 
contrary, they were specifically and unanimously ex- 
cluded ; and that the Conference declined (1) to lend 
any sanction to the a granting" of licences by the 
people or by their elected representatives ; it also (2) 
specifically refused to pronounce Licensing Boards as 
" the best method " of licensing reform , and it further 
(3) declined to sanction a proposal that Parliament 
should in any way " limit the restrictions" which the 
people should be empowered to impose on the liquor 
traffic, even to its entire prohibition in localities where 
the people so desire. 

8. The Conference having been called for a specific 
purpose, namely to ascertain how far the leading Tem- 
perance associations of the country could agree with the 
legislative proposals of the Church of England Tem- 
perance Society, the chairman of the Conference 
(Canon Ellison) properly refused to receive a pro- 
posal to test the feeling of the Conference in favour of 
the "Direct Popular Local Veto;'' so that tho reso- 
lutions, as adopted by the Conference, by no means 
represented a full and free expiession of the views of 
those then assembled. But, limited in this respect as 
were the resolutions then and there adopted, this 
Grand Lodge deeply deplores that they were afterwards 
presented to you in a greatly weakened form, and 
that, notwithstanding earnest remonstrance on 
the part of this Grand Lodge, no effort has been made, 



April 6, 1885. 

bo far as we are informed, to bring to your knowledge 
any correction of the erroneous statements contained 
in the said memorial. 

'K In order more fully to inform you of 


of England, Scotland, and Ireland, wc desire to 
direct your attention to the fact that a National Con- 
gress was held in St. George's Hall, Liverpool, in June 
last, under the presidency of the Lord Bishop of Exeter, 
and that a day was devoted to the unrestricted discus- 
sion of Temperance Legislation, under the presidency 
of his eminence Cardinal Manning ; and that, after 
the votes of the Conference had been taken upon 
various legislative proposals, upon which opinions 
widely differed, the following resolution was finally 
adopted by an overwhelming majority:— 

" That this Congress approves and promises to sup- 
port all measures likely to diminish the facilities for 
the purchase of intoxicating drinks and the evil* 
arising therefrom, and believes that experience has 
abundantly proved the impossibility of carrying on 
the ommon sale of these drinks without, unfortu- 
nately, more harm than good to the country ; and, 
therefore, declares that no legislative measure will be 
adequate or satisfactory that does not give the rate- 

AFolland Direct Veto 
over the issue and renewal of all licences for the sale 
of intoxicating drinks in their respective districts." 

10. We only desire to add that the foregoing Reso- 
lution correctly represents the view3 of this Grand 
Lodge, and, as we believe, of the leading Temperance 
organisations and reformers throughout, the United 
Kingdom ; and we earnestly hope that her Majesty's 
Government will, on the earliest possible day, intro- 
duce a measure which shall confer upon every locality 
the full power of a direct popular veto to suppress the 
traffic in intoxicating liquors whenever and wherever 
the inhabitants shall so desire. 

By the unanimous desire of the said Grand Lodge, 
we, the Executive officers thereof, respectfully submit 
the foregoing communication, and ask for it the care- 
ful attention of Her Majesty's Government ; and with 
great personal regard we subscribe ourselves. 

Your faithful and loyal fellow citizens, 
[ Here to follow the signatures of theExecutive officers.] 

VI.— The Views and intentions of the Government 
wich regard to Temperance legislation may still 
be considered to favour the reference of the whole 
question of licensing to town councils, proposed county 
boards, or other publio bodies. This proposal, so far 
as I can ascertain, has never received any favour or 
support from any associated or organised body of 
Temperance reformers in any part of the king- 
dom. Neither am I aware that any of the 
governing bodies referred to have ever manifested the 
slightest desire to undertake this work. Nor have I 
known of a single public meeting, or any assembly or 
conference of any religious, social, or political 
character whatever, having uttered a syllable in favour 
of such jroposal. It i j , therefore, important that the 
Government should be so informed, and encreated to 
abandon any intention to legislate in this direction. 

But the principle of Local Option is well understood 
by the Government, as evidenced by 

The Remarks of Sir William Harcourt 
to a deputation from Scotland, when he said: — 

" The views of the Government have been distinctly stated as 
being in favour of the r:itc'[iavers having the- power of deter- 
mining in each loi'nlit> what thu.v 'le-ir<> with reference to the 
drink traffic. '" * We desire t lint tin.- local authority ihould 

have complete control over the drink traffic ; that the locality 
should determine what houses should be licensed ; whether any 
or none at all, or how many; when they should be opened or 
closed, 4c. ; in point of fact, that the locality should 
have complete and absolute authority to treat thi3 as 
a local question, and not one, as it lias hitherto Leon, regulated 
in every place by a flxed statute, which .seems to me not appro- 
priate to a question of this kind." 

And, farther, in answer to ex-Baillie Lewis's plea 
for special legislation for Scotland where public sen- 
timent would accept a more drastic measure than in 
other parts, Sir William Harcourt remarked : — ■ 

" My view is not at all for a drastic measure, but only for 
such a measure as the community wishes I want each com- 
munity to do exactly as it like?. That is equally applicable to 
any pait of England or Scotland, If any locality desires partial 

firohibitiun, let it cuact it; if any de.-iies partial prohibition, 
et it enact it; and if any desires no prohibition at all, let it 
enact it for itself. This i- our principle— aWuIute and complete 
Local Option. My principles are the principles of Local Option, 
which is not drastic at all, tut rather the reverse. Local 
Option would simply allow people to do in this matter what 
they like." 

Surely, then, this being the desiie of the Govern- 
ment, that legislation should be most acceptable 
which will most unmistakably ascertain and most 
effectually enforce the wishes of the inhabitants of 
localities ; and it is hard to imagine that any method 
can be conceived, more certain and effective, and 
therefore more satisfactory, thin one which will in 
the most direct manner ascertain the wishes of every 
individual member of the community, and arm such 
collective authority with the power of unhindered 

VII.— Personal Work, 
In addition to ad iressrig numerous public meetings. 
I have attended the meetings of the Grand Execu- 
tive Council, three meetings of the GrX, Political 

Action Committee, three meetings of the Council 
of the National Temperance Federation, and one 
meeting of the Parliamentary Committee of the 
Federation, I addregsed the public mooting in the 
Birmingham Town Hall at the celebration of the 
sixteenth anniversary, and delivered an address pre- 
pared with a special view to its circulation as a popu- 
lar explanation and advocacy of our political alias as 
Good Templars. The address has been published by 
Grand Lodge at the request of the Political Action Com- 
mittee, Another address was delivered by me at a 
Conference convened by the Warwickshire D.ED, 
and Political Council, explaining and defending 
the electoral policy of this Grand Lodge, which 
address has also been published for the 
instruction of our members and Temperance re- 
formers generally, I presided over and addressed a 
political conference at Exeter Hall, convened by the 
D.E.D.'sof the five Metropolitan Districts, at which 
useful papers were read by Bros. Hodges and Dobson, 
followed by a lively and intelligent discussion. I also 
took part in the annual council meeting of the United 
Kingdom Alliance in Manchester, and addressed a 
great public demonstration of the Ord' r on the pre- 
vious evenin.-. I have co-opera'cd in every possible 
way with the United Kingdom Alliance, both in my 
official capacity in this Order, and as hon. secretary 
of its London Auxiliary. The cordial co-operation 
of the two organisations, whose political aims are 
identical, I have always regarded as of the highest 
importance, and I would urge our brethren every- 
where to shew their active sympathy with 
the Alliance on every suitable occasion. 
I also took part in the Legislative Conference of the 
National Temperance Congress, in Liverpool, and 
there a-sisted in accentuating the indispensable neces- 
sity of the direct local veto. I have also attended 
meetings of the Crystal Palace Fete Committee, and a 
conference on this subject with the National Tem- 
perance League and Band of Hope Union. I have 
also attended meetings of the London Committee 
formed to procure the release of Detective Williams, 
on whose behalf I have written in the Watchword, 
and other papers, and exerted much personal effort. I 
desire to move the Grand Lodge to action towards the 
release of this ill-used and unfortunate man, now 
suffering penal servitude, innocently, as I believe, as 
the result of the wicked malignity of the ruth- 
less traffickers in drunkenness, crime, and death. 
In August last I prepared and issued an address giving 
detailed advice and direction to the District, Consti- 
tuency, and Lodge Electoral Deputies. In November 
last I issued a circular to the D.E.D.s, and I have at 
various times prepared and issued resolutions, adapted 
to the circumstances of the hour, for adoption at Dis- 
trict Lodges and public meetings. I have also recently 
issued a circular to the D.E.D .s, with special reference 
to the immediate and urgent importance of educating 
electors, circulating literature, an i influencing poli- 
tical leaders and candidates, in prospect of the ap- 
proaching general election. And I have repeatedly 
employed the columns of the Watchword for the 
dissemination of political truth as best I could, for the 
encouragement and help of fellow workers throughout 
the world, 

VIII.— Future Work. 

The methods of future work is a topic that may well 
occupy the attention of the Grand Lulge. It will be 
useful to disenss the best way of doing the work that 
has to be done if we are to secure a good sound Local 
Option Parliament after the approaching election. But 
it is not so difficult to decide what to do, or how to do 
it, as it is to secure that the needful work shall be 
really done. The question is not so much, How to work? 
It is rather, Who will work ? With so many minds, and 
such widely differing local circumstances, there will be 
meny different opinions a3 tj the precise method of 
the most effectual warfare. What matters how many 
the ways of doing, if only we can induce all to work I 
There are a few unmistakable duties before us, and 
these I will venture briefly to indicate. 

1. The Education of the Old and The New 
needs to be systematically promoted. With our wide- 
pread organisation, and the help of friends, it ought 
to be possible to leave a simple and telling leaflet at 
every house in England at leaBt three times between 
and the general election. Such a tract 
campaign would go far to leaven the enlarged 
electorate. Public meetings in outlying dis- 
tricts, and in country villages, and especially 
ont-door meetings during the summer months, should 
be held in large numbers ; whilst monster gatherings 
in populous centres should not be neglected. We must 
also make ourselves known and felt among the 
politicians. The presidents, secretaries, &c, of party 
councils should be well-informed of our work among 
the people, and well posted with our literature, 

2. As to Political Organisation 
counsels differ. Mr. W. S. Caine, M.P.. the Junior Civil 
Lord of the Admiralty, recommends that we all join 
the political associations of our respective parties, and 
work within them. In some cases experience has 
favoured this course ; but, in too many instances, 
Temperance baokbone has thus been taken out of our 
friends, and when onca inside theBe associations they 
have been like sucked-out flies in spiders' webs. In 

other cases, where they have been powerful enough to 
exert the needful influence, and have been known to 
havea following too large and too pownrf ul to be trifled 
with,theyhave succeeded inleavening their party ,asMr. 
Caine did in Liverpool,and have secured the adoption of 
Local Option candidates. Brethren must be their 
own judges as to ways and means; but the true 
Templar and the loyal Temperance politician must 
never consent to be asupporter of aay party or any 
candidate who will deny tho first principle of political 
justice and honour, and deny the right of the electors 
to protect their own homes and districts from the 
ravages of the liquor traffic. 

3. Re-organisation of our Forces, 

It will be needful, as soon as the Seats Bill has been 
passed, that our arrangements of distriots shall be re* 
organised, so that elected officials to supervise political 
action may be at once commissioned and set to work in 
every constituency. 

The G.W.C.T. has suggested in his report some 
revision of the Bye-laws to allow an expansion of our 
Political Action. Anything that will tend towards 
such expansion can but have my hearty support. The 
E. and M. Surrey District Lodge has also made more 
definite proposals to this end, which will claim the 
careful attention of the Political Action Committee 
and of Grand Lodge. What is really required is more 
money and more work. These matters raise considera- 
tions hardly debateable in print, involving the entire 
readjustment of Grand Lodge Finance ; and will 
doubtless have your careful consideration when the. 
subject comes before you for debate. 

4.— Direct Representation in Parlaiment. 

One great need that should be kept in view 
is the direct representation of our Order in 
Parliament. Our power and influence would be 
greatly increased if some accredited advocates 
of our claims who would also be in Executive and 
trusted relationship with thi3 Grand Lodge, had seats 
in the House of Commons. The means and the men to 
secure such representation ought not to be difficult to 
find, in an organisation of our numbers and magnitude 
5. The New Parliament 

11, in all probability, have assembled, and made some 

ogress in ita work (premising that it will be — unlike 
itB predecessor— born with a working capacity) before 
we meet again. Having used every effort to make it a 
good Parliament, no time should be lost, and no effort 
pared, as soon as it assembles, to impress upon it: the 
urgency of our claims that the crime, suffering, and 
fearful loss of human life caused by the licensed 
liquor traffic shall compel the immediate and earnest 
attention of the Legislature. 

IX. -The Poole Perjury Case, 

I submit draft of resolutions, also of a petition to 
Parliament respecting this case, which I trust Grand 
Lodge will adopt with a hearty determination to spare 
no effort to secure the release of Henry Williams from 
penal servitude, and the restoration of his pension :-- 
1. —Resolution. 

That this G-rand Lodge, having given careful 
attention to the report of the trial and conviction of 
Henry Williams, an ex-detective and a pensioner, who 
had retired from the Metropolitan Police Force after 
17 years honourable service, is of opinion that the 
conduct of the trial by the learned judge (Baron 
Huddleston) was characterised by an evident animus, 
and that his summing up of the evidence was most 
one-sided and unfair ; and this Grand Lodge is con- 
vinced, after careful inquiries, and from facts 
disclosed at subsequent public proceedings in 
the police-conrt at Poole, that Detective Williams 
was convicted upon most unreliable evidence, and that 
his testimony on oath was true to the best of his 
knowledge aud belief ; and this Grand Lodge hereby 
resolves to take suitable steps for giving the utmost 
publicity to the facts of the case, by promoting public 
meetings in various part of the country: also by com- 
municating with members of Parliament, and with 
the public Press ; with the view of inducing Parlia- 
ment to order a full and impartial inquiry 
into the ciroumstances of the case, the conduct of the 
judge,and the grounds upon which the Home Secretary 
has refused to interfere. 

2. Petition to Parliament. 

That this Grand Lodge hereby adopts the follow- 
ing petition to Parliament,and agrees to append there- 
to the signatures of the representatives here assembled 
and to request the Right Hon. John Bright, M.P., to 
present the same to the House of Commons, and to 
support the prayer thereof by such means as he may 
deem wise j — 

Petition to Parliament, 

To the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain 
and Ireland in Parliament assembled. 

The Humble Petition of the undersigned, the Repre- 
sentatives of 68 Districts of Good Templars from 40 
countiesin England, assembled in Grand Lodge Annual 
Session in Manchester, during Easter week, 1885. 
Sheweth — 

That your Petitioners believe that Henry Williams, 
who was tried at the Winchester Assizes, in November, 
1881, and who was convicted by a jury and sentenced 
by Baron Huddleston to penal servitude for seven 
years, did not obtain a fair and impartial trial, and 

April 6, 1885. 


that he is innocent of the crime for which he is now 
enduring penal servitude: ; 

That the evidence upon which he was convicted of 
the alleged crime was that of persons pecuniarily or 
criminally implicated by the evidence of Williams, 
which they swore to be false; 

That the discrepancies between the alleged perjured 
testimony of Williams and the faots admitted by the 
opposing witnesses were not soph as to constitute a 
crime deserving of imprisonment, ami that the sen- 
tence passed upon the said Henry Williams— even had 
he been guilty of the alleged crime — is cruel and 
harsh in the extreme, and calculated to bring the 
administration of justice into contempt ; and 
That strenuous efforts have been made without avail 
to obtain the intervention of the ltight Honourable 
the Secretary of State for the Home Department. 

Your petitioners therefore humbly pray your honour- 
able House to order a full and impartial inquiry into 
the facts of the case, so that, your honourable 
House may,if satisfied of the justice of your Petitioners' 
statements and prayer, order the immediate release of 
the said Henry Williams, the restitution to him of the 
pension he enjoyed after 17 years' honourable service 
in the Metropolitan Police,and such recompense as the 
justice of the case may demand. 

And your Petitioners will ever pray. 

IX— District Electoral Deputies' Reports. 
I append a summary of the Reports of such of the 
D.E.D.'s as have favoured me with their return. 
Members in those districts not reported upon will note 
the omi£sio»s, which I trust will be remedied hereafter. 
Berkshire.— Bro. J. B. Kobinsori, D.E.D.,has kept 
our demands well before the M.P.'s of the five consti- 
tuencies in his district. He asks for more light in the 
shape of literature to circulate amongst E.D.'s and 
members generally. He also urges that a Direct Veto 
Bill should be brought into Parliament by an M.P. 
known to represent the I.O.G.T. 

Cornwall, East.— Bro. S. Hockaday, D.E.D., has 
travelled many miles to visit Lodges ; and urges 
the importance of reorganisation to meet the changes 
in Parliamentary divisions, and of mission work in 
many places in the county where the Order is not 
known, and where he has, therefore, no one to com- 
municate with for political work. 

Derbyshire.— Bro. James Bnrman, D.E.D., reports 
good work for Municipal and School Board elections ; 
correspondence with M.P.'s; letters to the public 
Press, &c. He urges the great need of funds for 
doing more work. A circular has recently been issued 
bearing the sicnatures of the District Executive (Bro. 
W. Bryan, D.E.D.), urging Lodges to exertion in in- 
structing the new voters. 

Devon, East.— Bro. E. Pike, D.E D., reports satis- 
factory arrangements for placing good candidates in 
the field for the old constituencies, which are now 
disfranchised. He recommends that Grand Lodge adopt 
the East and Mid Surrey proposal to simplify the 
working of the political department. 

Durham, South.— Bro. W. Dorlgson, D.E.D., reports 
action in Municipal and Parliamentary contests in 
over five populous constituencies, with good results. 
He haB issued four circulars during the year to L.E D.'s 
and C.D.'s ; promoted circulation of literature ; held 
conferences and visited various parte of District and 
addressed Lodges. Failing for years to get returns on 
official forms sent out byG.L.,Bro.D.sent out a series of 
questions to each L.E.D., and received 18 back out of 
62 issued. Many of the L.E.D.'s are keeping the Vote 
for Vote policy well before the new electors, and nearly 
all the old Good Templar electors are in favour of it. 
More literature, specially adapted to instruct the new 
electors, has been much needed and is now being 
liberally supplied. Funds abundant, the result of 
special subscription. 

Gloucester, EAST.-Bro. W. G. Ernngton, D.E.D., 
reports useful work by the CD. for Cheltenham, and 
by the Cheltenham Convention. Literature bes been 
circulated, and useful meetings held in Cheltenham. 
Wants more help from prominent members in the 
District. Recommends quarterly returns from L.E.D.'s 
and C.D.'s Many Lodges in the District take little 
interest in political work. Issued a special circular to 
L.E.D.'s in October, with questions, but only received 
six replies from 211 circulars. 

Hants, North.— Bro. W. Wilmot.D.E.D., complains 
of remissness of L.E.D.'s in reporting. Some useful 
municipal work done at Winchester. Urges that more 
literature should be freely ciiculated at Temperance 
meetings in and out of doors ; also that brethren 
unite with other organisations and promote Temper 
ance Hundreds pledged to Vote for Vote. 

Isle of Wight. — Bro. A. J Saunders, D.E. D., com- 
plains of neglect in reporting.but anticipates improve- D.L. has voted money, and more work will be 
done. Literature has been purchased and distributed 
and our brother has spoken at meetings and en. 
conraged discussions in Lodges on political action 
E D.s need urging to do work and report regularly. 

Kent, Mid.— Bro. W. J. Tubbs reports that a few 
good brothers have done active and useful municipal 
work at Graveseud. Has addressed meetings anc 
Lodges; founded Constituency Conferences. Recom 
mends persistent efforts to educate. 

Lancashire, S.E.— Bro. Weatherill, D.E.D., reports 
municipal work at Glossop, ako at Cheetham ; 
neglect of C.D.'s to report : anticipates some practical 

success at general election: issued acircular in February 
last to all the Liberal and Conservative associations and 
clnbs in the district, informing them that Temperance 
electors generally and Good Templars particularly 
would only vote for candidates which would give the 
Direct Popular Veto, and urging the selection of 
candidates who wonld secure such support. 

Lancashire, S.W. — Bro. Morris Jones, D.E.D., com- 
plains of E.D.s not reporting. Has visited and 
delivered addresses in all parts of the District. A few 
earnest brethren have done good work, but generally 
there is much apathy among the members. 

Lincolnshire, North & Mm.— Bro. J. R. Langstaff, 
D.E.D., reports one signal municipal victory at Boston; 
memorials to Government from public meetings and 
most of the Lodges ; deputations to M P.'s and candi- 
dates ; and work at Lincoln election. Recommends 
that D.E.D. Bhould send return forms to E.D.'s direct, 
so as to be able to require direct replies, and that work 
for each District should go chrough the D.E.D. Issued a 
circular to the Lodge in February, sending copy of 
D.L.'s resolution and urging conferences, deputations 
to candidates, &c, and offering personal assistance. 

Middlesex. — Bro. J. \V. Jones, D.E.D. reports that 
the system of returns seems to be a failure. Resolu- 
tions of meetings, Lodges, kc„ as recommended by 
G.L.P.A. Committee have been sent to all M.P.'s for 
Middlesex and Metropolitan constituencies. Has 
organised aggregate meetings of E.D.s, and local 
matters have been well discussed. Also organised the 
Metropolitan Conference on Vote for Vote Policy in 
ExeterHall,presi led over by the G.E.S.,which was well 
attended. Recommends to instruct Lodges, and to 
hold meetings of voters ; thinks P. A. Committees 
should appoint C.D.s as District Executives appoint 
V.D.s. Urges importance of speedily bringing action 
into conformity with new areas for electoral work. 

Northumberland. — Bro. James Robinson, D.E.D., 
reports several municipal elections fought and won. 
Somerset, East. — Bro. W. J. Holbrook, D.E.D., 
reports circulation of literature ; and resolutions 
forwarded to M.P.s and Government. Recommends 
circulation of G.E.S.'s speech at Birmingham Con- 
ference among our voting members. 

Somerset. Mid. — Bro. W. Macmillan, D.E.D., com- 
plains of E.D.s not reporting. Reports circulation of 
literature, addresses to Lodges, and keeping prohibi- 
tion to the front in public meetings, thinks political 
work will assume more importance with the extended 

Surrey, E. and M— Bro. John Woollacott, D.E.D., 
reports that D.L. has formed a Political Council after 
the fashion of the District Juvenile Council.the scheme 
of which has beon published in the Watchword. He 
recommends its general adoption. He also recommends 
the appointment of Parochial Deputies for local 
politics (Vestries, Guar.dians, School Boards, 4c), Dis- 
trict from C.D.s for Parliamentary purposes. 

Yorks, Central.— Bro. J. W. Ashe, D.E.D., reports 
a personal canvass of all candidates for Municipal and 
Parliamentary contests, and defeat of four out of five 
licensed victuallers as candidates of Council ; also five 
political conventions. Recommends more and better 
instruction to E.D.s. 

Yorks, East Riding.— Bro. R. C. Brown, D.E.D. 
reports Municipal work at Hull and Beverley, and de 
feat of two publican candidates; also success in oppos 
ing application for licences at Driffield, and similar 
work at Hull. Two political conventions held at Hull. 
Recommends the issuing of a good electoral pamphlet 
as cheaply as possible, as Districts cannot afford much 
money for the purpose. 
Submitted in Faitb, Hope, and Charity, 

John Kempster, 
Grand Electoral Superintendent. 


The following circular, worthy of imitation by all 
our D.E.D.s, has been sent to the C.D.s and E.D.s in 
South Durham by Bro. William Dodgson, their Dis- 
trict Electoral Deputy :— 

South Durham District Lodge, I.O.G.T., 1883. 
Political Action. 

Dear Sir and Brother, — I have again had the honour 
of being recommended as District Electoral Deputy, and 
I take an early opportunity, after the receipt of your 
recommendation as Electoral Deputy, to remind you 
that it is only by the hearty co-operation of the Elec- 
toral Officers that efficient political work can be 
carried out in our District. 

I believe that no officer can thoughtfully read his 
commission without feeling that he has abundant 
scope for work, whether he has Parliamentary voters 
in his Lodge or not. From the returns which I re- 
ceived at the end of the past good Templar year, I 
fear that some of our E.D.s have either scarcely 
realised this, or have been too modest to rep irt the 
work that; they have done. May I suggest to you that 
as the year progresses you should kespa record of the 
work you do, eo that both for your own sake and for 
the credit of your Lodge you may be able to furnish 
a summary at the close of your year of ( ffiee. 

The year upoa which we are now entering will be 
a moBt important one for us, as, besides the probability 
that it may 

a ry voters, and many of our non-Templar neighbour 
will acquire the privilege of the franchise. Good 
Templars must endeavour to educate each and all of 
these in the trnth that no question, or combination 
of questions, eqnals in importance the question of the 
suppression of the Liquor Traffic, and must urge upon 
them to make this the test of all candidates who may 
solicit their votes. 

The redistribution of seats will no doubt render 
some change in our Sub-Districts necessary. The 
Executive will give early attention to this matter, and 
as soon as their arrangement? are made it will be de- 
sirable to hold a conference of C.D.s and E.D.s to 
consider the boundaries of the new Sub-Districts with 
referenoe to their local convenience, and also the most 
effective plan of .vork for the ensuing year. Thiswil 
probably have to be followed by a conference in each 
Parliamentary division and borough for the purpose 
of deciding upon the candidates we sho old support. 

In the meantime, I trust that you will press upon 
the members of your Lodge that they should advocate 
on every possible opportunity that, unless a candidate 
is fully prepared at once to a-sist the electors he seeks 
to represent, in their claim to decide for themselves 
hether the liquor traffic shall be carried on amongst 
lem or not, they should not on their part, assist him 
by their votes, whatever may be his qualifications in 
other respeots. 

Many of our ElectoralDeputies have applied for tracts 
which clearly define and explain;oar political polioy. I 
have obtained a quantity of pamphlets and leaflets, 
just issued, and which place, these matters in a very 
clear light. I forward specimen copies herewith, and 
shall have pleasure in sending you a supply if you 
ill let me know how many you can usefully employ. 
Yours fraternally, 

William Dodgson, D.E.D. 
The Poplars, Stockton-on-Tees. 
Liverpool.— On Thursday, March l'.l,a large gatber- 
g of members and representatives from the Lodges 
°the north and east districts met together at the 
om of the Lion Lodge, Northumberland-terrace, 
under the chairmanship of Bro. M. Jones, D.E.D., for 
the purpose of hearing the reports of the constituency 
deputies for the past year, to elect constituency de- 
puties for the ensuing year, and to organise the forooa 
of the Good Templars in view of the coming 
changes in the Parliamentary representation of . 
the city. The report of Bro. Bndeson, CD. for 
Liverpool East, was full of encouragement, although 
he had to deplore the success of a publican and 
brewer against a Temperance candidate in a recent 
municipal election. He had strong hopes that the 
same brewer, when going in for Parliamentary 
honours, would be sent to the right about. Bro. 
Pickersgill read a paper on " Electoral Work in S.W. 
Lancashire," with especial reference to Liverpool, in 
which he strongly condemned the apathy of the 
members generally, in the importance of our electoral 
policy. He maintained with cogent reasons that 
we adhere to the principles of vote for vote — or nothing 
for nothing. The D.E.D. then made an eloquent 
appeal on behalf of our duty as electors, and hoped 
that the paper read that evening would 
be read in every Good Templar Lodge in 
Liverpool, and that in the coming election the 
Gcod Templars would at least secure one Good 
Templar and three or four oth:r Temperance men 
as representing Liverpool in Parliament. The ques- 
tion also came before the meeting as to the desirability 
of having a constituency deputy for each of the nine 
divisions of the City ; but this was allowed to lie over 
until the boundary divisions had been finally arranged. 
Bro. Brideson, of the Blue Ribbon Lodge, was re- 
elected CD. for East Liverpool, and Bro. Pickersgill 
was elected CD. for the North. The following 
resolution was unanimously agreed upon : — 
'•That this meeting observes with great regret 
that her Majesty's Government are more ready to 
deal with many questions which have not yet passed 
the ordeal of Parliamentary criticism and decision, 
than with the question of the popular veto on the 
liquor traffic, the justice necessity and urgency of 
which have already been three times affirmed by the 
House of Co unions, and this meeting demands from 
the Government that a measure embodying the direct 
veto be brought in, and it urges upon members of Par- 
liament to ptess'thisupon them without further delay, 
sr that no question should take precedence of this 
measure which is absolutely necessary for the weal of 
the country." 


A Naval Officer Disgraced Through Drink. 
—By a 'court-martial at Portsmouth on Monday last, 
H. C. Carre, first lieutenant H.M. troopship Tamar, was 
sentenced to be dismissed from his ship and to lose 
one year's seniority, for drunkenness. 

The Drink Bill of the Ho.merton Hospital 
— At the fortnightly meeting of the managers of the 
Metropolitan Asylums District, a letter was read from 
the Local Government Board, intimating that they 
had determined to direct an inquiry with regard to 
the expenditure at the Homerton Hospital. 

The Popular Beverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, Tea 

d Supper, in all seasons, is Cadbury's Cocoa.— Com 

General Election, every Lodge , forting, strengthening, nourishing— for old and young 
will receive a large addition to its roll of Parliament ' robust and feeble— [Advt.] 



April G, 1885. 

To the G.W.C.T., Officers, and Members. 
Deab Sisters and Brothers, — 
1. Appended hereto are the Accounts for the year ending 31st January, 1885, 
Bhowing an excess of Income over Expenditure of £16 7s. Id. 

The following is an abstract of the Income and Expenditure for the four 
years during which I have had the honour of filling the office of G.W.Sec. 


Capitation Tax 
Trading Profits ... 
G.L. Degree Fees 
Crystal Palace Fete ... 


£ s. c 

1,481 18 i 

213 12 ; 

51 16 I 



£ s. d. 

1,119 11 

291 10 

91 13 6 

£ B. d. 

Salaries and Wages ... 

Rent, Bates, Office 
Cleaning, Taxes, Re- 
pairs, Carriage, &o... 

Office Stationery 

Postages k Telegrams 

Official Forms, &c. ... 

Expenses of Executive 

Travelling Expenses, 
G.W.C.T.'s Depart- 

R.W.G.L. Tax... _ ... 
do. Representatives 


Exchanges, Watch- 
words to Military, 
Naval, and Foreign 
Lodges, Grants of 
Literature, &c. ... 

Juvenile Temple De- 

Expenses of Grand 
Lodge Annual and 
Special Sessions ... 

Grand Lodge Journals, 
Digests, &c. 

Fete, Stall at Agri- 
cultural Hall, and 
Challenge Shield ... 

Prize Essay Competi- 

Political Action Ex- 

Negro Mission Fund... 

Exeter HallMeeting... 

Miscellaneous — Insur- 
ance, Audit, Testi- 
monials & Addresses, 
Bank Charges, &c... 

£1,840 19 6 £1,750 6 6 £1,831 IS 3 £1,751 8 10 

1881-2. 1882-3. 

£ 8. d. £ B. d. 

811 12 5 755 9 8 

148 3 
51 11 
180 15 


23 13 2 

41 10 
140 14 7 
82 13 4 


30 10 5 

144 12 5 

42 10 6 

138 3 10 

70 10 

SI 7 8 

57 14 





67 2 5 

42 11 





91 10 5 

29 10 





123 12 11 

32 15 





36 17 11 

27 5 






33 10 10 





32 12 





65 10 7 


50 6 6 

62 11 

9S 10 1 

102 17 8 

34 2 9 


29 18 1 

£1,794 15 9 £1,704 16 6 £1,779 16 10 £1,736 1 9 

Income overExpendi tare £46 3 8 £45 10 £51 18 6 £16 7 1 

During these four years the ordinary Expenditure has been within the Income 
by £159 19s. 2d.; against this,however,there is the debit of £119 0s. lid. on Home 
Mission Fund Account. 

In accordance with the instructions of the Grand Lodge at its last session, 
£244 19s. Od. balance of costs re Watchword Libel Suit, and £187 4s. 4d. 
depreciation on Old Stock.have been debited to Capital Account ; the former item 
represents actual cash expenditure by the Grand Lodge, the latter being simply 
one of transfer. 

The following is a comparative statement of the Current Liabilities and Assets 
of the Grand Lodge (Ordinary Account) during the same period :— 
Jan. 31, 1882. Jan. 31, 1883. Jan. 31, 1884. Jan. 31, 1885. 

Sundry Creditors ... 
Charter Defence Fund 
Mileage Fund 
Bank Overdraft ... 
Home Mission Fund 

Sundry Debtors ... 
Libel Suit Fund ... 
Charter Defence Fund 
Cash in Hand 
Home Mission Fund 

Current Liabilities over 


118 4 6 238 1 6 

38 8 2 

372 19 6 381 17 3 

176 1 4 197 17 4 

£705 13 £817 10 1 £1,003 16 

219 2 11 272 9 5 
10 76 2 11 

147 3 11 
10 4 35 15 4 

£245 6 11 £531 11 7 £682 14 

.. £460 6 7 £286 4 £321 

The increase of Liabilities over Assets on the year covered by these accounts 
i» £510 15s. 5d., and is made up as under :— 
Increase in Stocks 4 

„ Plant -. 

33 11 11 

Depreciation on Furniture charged to Capital . 

,. „ Old Stock „ 

Watehmord Libel Suit „ „ 

Less Reduction in Furniture 

,, Gain on year's working 

The old Stock at the last report was valued at £374 8s. 8d., of which £187 
4s. 4d. was written off; of tho balance there has been realised by sales £29 18s. Id. 
The whole of the sales are credited to this account without any deduotions for 
carriage, postage, or other expenses. 

Where necessary the currentstock has been depreciated; tho large bulk thereof 
is, however, of recent purchase. 

Tho Printing plant has cost to date £»33 4s. 9d. ; of this £465 12s. 8s. has been 
written off as depreciation, leaving £467 12s. Id. as prosent value in our accounts. 

The Office Furniture, &o., has cost to date £291 4s. 9d., all of which has been 
written off. 


2. The following is an Abstraot of Returns as received from the District 
Lodges : — 

No. of Members November 1, 1883, as per lost Abstract (in- 
eluding 893 Associates) 86 |Wi 

Initiated during the year 43,251 

Admitted by Clearance Cards 5,062 

Re-instated 3,701 

Re-admitted 1,242 ■ 

Gains by New Lodges 3,002 

Suspended 29,576 

Withdrawn from the Order 8,116 

„ by Clearance Card 6,027 

Expelled 8,377 

Deaths ... ... 516 

Losses by Surrendered Charters 7,888 

No. of Members November 1, 18S4 (including 653 Associates) 

Decrease in Home Districts 

Decrease in Foreign Lodges 



Increase in Military District 
„ Naval District 



Net Decrease 

The following 

is a summary of the 



Year ending 


Home Districts. 


Military, Naval 
and Foreign. 

Grand Total, 


The following" gives the increases and decreases shewn by each District, and 
upon which, in accordance with G.L. Bye-Laivx, A rt. X, Sec, 5, the award is made. 
The period this covers is from November 1, 1SS3, to November 1, 1884, and tho 
basis is the number of members in good standing upon whom Grand Lodge 
Tax is paid, with the addition of members of new Lodges upon whom no tax 
is due. 

Increases (20 Districts). 

Per cent. District Lodge. Per cent. 


District Lodge. 
Lancashire, N.E. 

Gloucester, N.W. 
Yorke, S.W. ... 
Gloucester, E. 
Surrey, W. ... 
Durham, S. ... 
Camberland, E. 
Cumberland, W, 



Northampton, N. 

Stafford, W 




Qurhaui, N 




Somerset, E 

Yorks, Central 
Northampton, S 


Somerset, W 


Yorks, E 


Gloucester, W, 


Devon, E, 
Lancashire, S, (Welsh) 


Lancashire, S.E. 
Cheshire, W. ... 
Lancashire, S.W. 
Kent, Mid. ... 


Naval ... 
Cornwall, W.... 
7 Cambridge 

Decreases (47 Districts). 
Devon, N. 



Hauts, N 

Cornwall. E. ... 

Yorks, N.W 

Cheshiie, E. and M. . 

Yorks, N 

Somerset, Mid. 



Devon, S 


Surrey, E and M. . 

Stafford, E 

Hants, S 

Isle of Wight 
Yorks (Cleveland) . 
Lancashire, N. 

Stafford, N" 


April C, 1885. 


The only substantial numerical increases on the year are : — 

York?, S.W 3S1 Gloucester, E... 

Military 336 Lancashire, t.E. 

Durham, S 233 Backs 

Lancashire, fi. W 14.", Cumberland, \V. 

Lancashire, X.E 138 

The large decreases occur in the following; Districts :— 

Durham, X. ... 


Torks, E. ... 


Gloucester, W.... 
Somerset, E. ... 
Stafford, W. ... 
Surrey, E. and M. 

Dorset . 


Lancashire, S. (Welsh) 

Devon, E 

Kent, W 


Northampton, S. 
Northampton, N, 


Yorks, Central 

I have lo call the attention of the Grand Lodge to the stato of the Order in 
the following Districts, and submit the comparative membership in the years 
1880 and 1884. 

Districts of 

Cheshire, E. and M 

Cumberland, E 


Devon, N 


Durham, N 

•Gloucester, W. 

Gloucester, N,W 

•Hereford " 


•Lancashire, N. 

•Lancashire, S.VV 




Northampton, S 




Somerset, E 

"Somerset, W 

•Stafford, N 

Stafford, W 



•Yorks, N 

•Yorks, Central 

•Yorks (Cleveland) 

Yorks, N.W 

'ov. 1880. 

Nov. 188 1. 




25 S 














































































37465 26543 10906 29 

last year's list ; as you will observe many 

Per Cent. 


The Districts marked * we 
more have been added thereto. 

In the following Distriots the Order has made considerable progress between 
the years named. 

Districts of Nov. 1 

Bucks 360 

Cheshire, W 800 

Durham, S 2357 

Essex 1130 

Hants, N 411 

Isle of Wight 391 

Kent.E 2068 

Kent, M 1027 

Nov. 1884. 


















Districts of 
Lancashire, N.E. 
Lancashire, S. (Welsh) 


Stafford, E 


Surrey. E. and M. 

SurreV. W 

Yorks, E 

Yorks, S.W 


Nov 1SS0, Nov. ISSt. Increase, for cent. 

3166 3S62 666 22 

554 828 274 48 

1209 1342 133 11 

2092 2796 703 34 

486 S94 40S 84 

Tolal ... 19597 26099 6502 33 

3. 118 Members of Grand Lodge are reported to me as having ceased to bo 
Members thereof from the following oauses : Withdrawn from the Order, 
34; Violated obligation, 28; Deaths, 43 ; Emigrated, 3 ; Suspended, 5 ; aad 
Expelled, 5. 

In accordance with G.L. Bye-law, Art. Ill,, Seo. 8, I have reported their 
names to the Executive. 

i. Number reported 1st November, 1883. 

Home Districts ... ... 1652 

Military, Naval, and Foreign 68 


Daring the year there have been instituted and resuscitated 136 

Transferred from other Grand Lodges 4 

Transferred to other Grand Lodges 

Dead, surrendered, or not recommended Lodge Deputies 
during the past 12 months 

Leaving on 1st November, 18S4 : 

Home Districts 

Military, Naval, and Foreign ... 



5. 132 were reported last year as working, during the year I has been insti- 
tuted, making 133. From this however there is to deduct 2 which have not 
during the year recommended Deputies, thus leaving 131 working Temples, a de- 
crease of one during the year, 


6. In retiring from the office which I have held for the last four years, I beg 
to thank you for the confidence you have reposed in me. I regret that I have to 
report a decreased membership, but when it is remembered that for tho last two 
years there has been a general depression in trade, I feel sure that to that cause 
alone we can attribute our losses. The clouds are rolling by, and I hope my suc- 
cessor will next year be able to report an increased membership. If those present 
at this Session would make up their minds to return to their respective districts 
determined to double the membership it could be done, their energy and 
enthusiasm would spread, and, with many enlisted in the work, the cause would 
speed on its way. 

During my four years' term of office, I have attended the meetings of your 
Executive as often as my other enagements permitted, every penny of the expendi- 
ture has passed under my purview, and generally speaking every attention has 
been paid to working the Grand Lodge with economy, consistent with due 

Fraternally submitted, 

Jas. J. Woods, 

(Hon.) G.W.Sec. 


Bro. J. Palmer, V.D., writes, under date of March 1, 
from Dongola, as follows :— During the past quarter 
the members of the Nil Deapcnmduni Lodge have been 
scattered along the whole line of operations connected 
with the Nile expedition, consequently Lodgemeetings 
had to be put off on several occasions. Still, when a few 
could get together they have done so, and the business 
of the Lodge has been carried out as best we could 
under the circumstances. Officers reports encouraging, 
good balance in hands of treasurer, arrears nil ; total 
initiated during quarter 7, restored 1, deaths 1. It is 
with deep regret I have to announce the death of 
Bro. Thomas Skinner, W.M., who died at Korti, 
January 13, 1885, from enteric fever, after only a 
few days illness, This brother joined the 
Order a little over 12 months ago, and has been 
one of our most zealous workers for the 
Temperance cause. His death is deeply regretted by 
all members of tho Order with whom he was 
acquainted. We earnestly hope that he has gone to 
that heavenly resting place on high, to which we all 
of us should endeavour to obtain by following in our 
late lamented brother's footsteps through life. Having 
received a letter from Bro. Kerry at tho front, I am 
glad to say that none of our brothers were hurt in the 
recent battles wliioh took place between the 17th and 
21th January near Shendy and Metameh: about 
21 brothers took part in these batt'es. A 
weekly correspondence is established between the 
different detachments of members, so that we can 
exchange our vie.vs on subjects relating to our Order, 
and also keep each other informed as to anything 
occurring lo any of our members. One good proof of 
the earnestness of our brothers in this plan was in the 
fact that I received from Bro. Kerry, V.D., a correct 

list of the casualties in the regiment one mail before 
any one else in the detachment at Dongola. From 
reports received of different detachments of members, 
I have good reason to believe that the work of our 
Order will be a success throughout the whole of tho 
expedition, and at present there seems every prospect 
of the campaign lasting another 12 or IS months. 
Everyone seems determined to do his best for the 
welfare of his Lodge and the Order generally. Let us 
hope that all will be spared to enjoy the fruits of 
their labour, and a few months' quiet repose in their 
native land after two yeara' hard campaign life, and 
alBo enjoy the privilege of a nice, comfortable Lodge- 
room to hold our sessions in. Sickness during the 
quarter has beon very slight indeed amongst our mem- 
bers ; and during the recent epidemic of small-pox, 
out of 25 cases which occurred at Dongola, not one 
Good Templar caught the disease— a fact which speaks 
highly on behalf of Temperance against an epidemic 
of this description. 

Compensation Refused.— A Bill introduced lost 
session in the Dominion Parliament providing for 
compensation to the liquor interest destroyed by the 
Scott Act, and suspending the operations of the Act, 
was brought to a vote last week and defeated by a 
by a majority of 31, notwithstanding the Ministry 
supported it. — American Jlrformer. 

Military men are seldom orators. A story is related 
of an officer who was deputed to be the mouthpiece of 
the subscribers in presenting a silver cup to a comrade. 
Holding out the piece of plate, all the unaccustomed 
speechmaker could say was— "There's the jug I" And 
the only acknowledgment which the recipient of the 
gift found himself capable of malting was the laconic 
interrogation—" Is that the mug ? " 


Dear Sisters and Brothers,— 

I have report that during the year ending 31st January. 
1885, the G.W.Sec. has paid to the Birmingham, Dudley, 
and Distriot Banking Company (Limited) to the credit 
of the Grand Lodge of 

England £4,013 10 5 

Balance due to the Bank on 

31st January, 1S85, as per 

passbook £406 1 5 

Cheques issued not presented 

511 4 9 

4,233 2 
32 13 

There was a balance due to the Bank on 
31st of January, 1S84, of 

During the year, Cheques have been drawn 
by vote of the Executive, signed by the 
G.W.Sec. and G.W.T. lor 

Bank Charges have been 

£4,624 14 5 

Tho bank-book is submitted with this report, and I 
regret that our cash balance is nearly twice as great as it 
was a year ago. 

Fraternally submitted, 

A. E. Eccles, 

G.W. Treasurer. 

To Cyclists.— Strength and slaying power, „::h 
admirable nutritive, tlesli forming qualities, are retained 
in a concentrated form in Cadbury's Cocoa, providing an 
exhilarating beverage— comforting and sustaining for lone 
or short trips.— [Advt.] 


April 6, 1885. 



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Visitors to London will find many advantages l>y stay-ins at tbl3 quiot, clean, home-like and comfortable hotel. Most central 
for bn sines? or pleasure. Near St. Paul's Cathedral, 't.P.O., and all places of interest ; t«M mluutna' walk AM ers/ato -street 
and Gvo from Mnoreatf-str^v!: Mt<iroiK>lit;ui Kailv.-ay St itions ; T>r<niai of the Great-, Western, Un-it Nortliirn, Gruat Eastern, 
Midland, L. and N. W , L. C. and Dover, and in connection with ALL Hallways. Trains, Oars, Busses, every three nihmtes, to all 

Sarts of London and Suburbs. Terms— Beds Is. 01., 2s., 2s. 6d. per day, with use of Sitting-rooms. Ac. Broakfmt or Tea fro ti Is. 
o charge for attendance. Special inclusive terras to Americans and othora rtesiritis it. ■' VISITORS' GUIDE TO LONDON : 
What to Seo, and How to See It in a Week." With Sketch Map and Taiilf, post froe on application to G. T. S. TttANTE R, 
Proprietor. I.O.G.T., City of London Lodge, best and largest bodge In London, is close to tho Hotel, which is patronised by 

large numbers of (if»u\ Temphtrv and thoir frmirte. EBtablished~lQ59. 


1883 aod 1884. 

Important Notice to Jtobectiaere. 

We would Impress upon Advertisers the facilities 
offered in our columns. The extensive circulation of the 
Watchword— the Official Organ of the Grand Lodges — 
should commend it as an excellent medium for communi- 
cating matters relating not only to Temperance, but to 
business generally. The most prominent position in the 
aper is given to the announcements of Anniversaries 
Annual or Public Meetings, Leotures, 
Bazaars &c, at the following rates : 

For (One insertion 4s. Od. \ Any space 

one Inch J Two insertions at _ 3b. 6d. Lmore or les 

of | Three „ „ ... 3s. Od. f at the 

Space. ^Four and beyond .. .. 2b. 6d.' same rate. 
Including a reference to the Bvont in the " Forthcoming 
Events" column. 

We would also direct attention to -announcements 
classified under the head of 


Such notices frequently reach us as News. We can 
only publish them however, as Advertisements, giving 
them Special Fublioity, at very Cheap rates viz. : 

So that for the low charge of Gd.aPublicMeeting can be 
advertised in all the Lodges, and to the most active Tem- 
perance Workers in every Town in England, thus afford- 
ing efficient local publicity, and frequently leading to the 
Attendance of travellers and others visiting the districts. 
Beyond 24 Words the charge is 3d. for every additional 
six Words. 

April 3 Is "Postman's Night " in Burgess Hill Lodge. 

Willeomc brothfrur eistn-'tiid b-tt^rs" of instruction, tc„ to 
JNO. F. GARDENER, W. D. M., \ Milt'>n-ti-rrae--\ Hurgess Hill. 

April 6, Easter Monday. Bohemia Lodge Anniversary 

Under Distinguished patronage. 
.A. T E 3VI :E* E Efc .A. ttfl" G E 

Industrial and Fine Art Loan Exhibition, 

Will be held on AFEIL 21, 22, 23, and 24, 1885, in tlio 

Schoolroom, Presbyterian Church, Borough road, S.E. 

(year the Obeli*k, BhcK-frlars-rotuI.) 

Nearly 200 Classes for which Prizes an'J OrUlicatcs will he 


Prospectuses and Exhibitors' Forms of 

Mr. W. E. Hooper, Hon. Sec, 

38, Hinton-road, Loughboro', 8.E. 


may be sent to Miss C. A. Gray, Coombe House, 
Horusey Kise, Lond'.n, N„ until April 15 next. 


SISTER INSULL will be triad to receive CONTRI- 
which may be Bent to 21, Burton-crescent. London, W.C. 


National Temperance Fete, 

TUESDAY, JULY 14. 1885- 

Under the Auspices oF the 

Independent Order of Good Templars. 


Great Gospel Temperance Meetings, 

To be addressed by Representatives from all parts of 
the Kingdom, and Members of Parliament. 



CHORAL CONCERTS by 10,000 Abstains^. 

Conductor • ■ • Mr. G. W. WILLIAMS. 

And a Temperance Choir Contest for PRIZES value £40. 




Of the Grand Lodge of England. 

CRICKET MATCHES and other Athletic and 
Village Sports. 

Grand Procession ol Temperance Orders 
and Societies, 



Grand Display of Fountains. 

The Gardens in all their Summer Beauty. 


Tlxe Grand Bay of the year. 
For further particulars apply to— 

Wif. PARNCUrr, Hon. Sec, 




Choirs Ncs. 1 and 2. 
April 4, and Every Saturday.— Morley Hall, Hackney, 
Public Hall, Peckham. 
fi and 7.— Woolwich. 
„ 6 to 11.— Riyal Park Hall, Camden Town. 
Choir No. 3. 

March 30 to April 7. -Lincoln. 
April 8 to 11.— Newark. 

fituatione g&antcb attb IBacant 

First twenty-four Words 6d. 

Every six Words additional 3d. 


ENERAL SERVANT wanted ; age 20 ; must 

be an early ri«er. — Apply, personally, Insul 
perance Hotel, 20 and 21, Bnrtnn-cresent, W.C. 

Entertainers anb <3Uit>ocatcs. 

Important to Advertisers. 


Situations Wanted & Yacant 


24 Words^Sixpence. 

Addresa . — Good Temklars' Watchword Office, 
3, Bolt court, Fleet-street,. E.G. 




Containing Articles and Papers on a variety of sub- 
jects, contributed by Past and Piesent G.L. Officers and 
other prominent members of the Order. Portraits of 
eminent persons and other illustrations, Poetry, Reports 
of Crystal Palace Fete, of Temperance Hospital and 
Orphanage Meetings and of the Annual and other Meet- 
ings of Kindred Organisations, Literary Notices, Letters 
totheEHtor, Obituary Notices, a Serial Tale— "Brothers 
in Temptation," several complete Stories, &c. 

Strongly bound in cloth, gilt lettered, 


Carriage Paid. 

London:— John Kempster & Co., 3, Bolt-court, Fleet- 
street, E.C. . 


A GIFT. Free, pose paid. Prof. Brown's 
Shakesperian Almanac (Illustrated) for 1885. It 
fairly glows with quotations and illustrations from the 
" Bard of Avon." I shall print three million copies, and 
will send ten copies free, prepaid to anyone who will 
judiciously distribute them in their locality. Address, 
Fredk. W, Hale, 61, Chandos-street, Co vent-garden, 

4i and honestly realised by persons of either 
sex, without hindrance to present occupation. — For 
particulars and Sample enclose addressed envelope to 
Evans, Watts, & Company, (P 112), Merchants. Bir- 
mingham. — This is genuine, 


The friends of the late Rev. G. M. Parker, of Walpole, 
propose to present his widow with a testimonial ex- 
pressive of their appreciation of his Christian character 
and work. 
You are invited to contribute. 

Any of the below-mentioned gentlemen will be glad to 
receive donations. 

Rev. A.A.Dowsett, Halesworth. Mr. B. Roe, Hale3worth. 
Mr. C. Haward, „ „ W.JRignall, „ 

„ S. W. Hadingham, ,. ,. E.Francis, „ 

„ O.G.Rackham,Wonhast'm. „ Garrould. Cuukley. 
„ J. J.Mayhew, Southwold. ,, Symond-s, Walpole.. 
,, John Kempster, G. T. Watchword Otnco, London 

(I.O.G.T.), the famous Ventriloquist, Magician, 
and Humorist, attends Bazaars, Fe'es, and Schools. For 
Programme, address Pr»»f. Bourne, Hoxton, London, 
mentioning this paper. "Inconsequence of the great 
success, the Bazaar will be continued till the 30th, when 
Prof. Bourne will repeat his marvellous performance, 
which proved such an attraction ob the 28th that four 
performances were given on the 2Q;h." — Vide Press. 

IJAIN'IER, Paperhanger, Glazier. — Wanted 
I. Situation as above by Young Man {22); Good 
Templar five years,— A, J. HuTSON, 14, Barrack-row, 


After nearly thirty years' GRATUITOUS Services in 
almost every county in England, and for every branch of 
the Temperance Movement, and Evangelical Church, I 

GELISTIC and Ti mperance Work. I am therefore open 
to Lecture, Preach, or conduct Missions anywhere, on 
very moderate terms ; and my son is now arranging my 
tours for the coming season.— Apply early to CHAS. A. 
BRAMLEY, Whitley, Newcastle- on -Tyne. (Signed) 
JOHN BRAMLEY, Newcastle, March, 1885. 


Mr. J. R. Macdonald having requested the Liverpool 
Young Men's Temperance Association to devote the fund 
raised as a testimonial to him to giving PRIZES foe 
has been decided to offer the following Prizes. — 

One Prize of £10 j Four Prizes of £2 each. 

One Prize of £5 | EightPrizesof £1 each. 

Sixteen Prizes of 10s. 

The songs to which prizes may be awarded become the 
exclusive property of the trustees of the Liverpool Young 
Men's Temperance Association. Each song must contain 
not more than 400 words. 

Songs for competition are to be sent in not later than 
May <>,18S5, and addressed to Mr. E. BORELAXD, 110, 
Great George-street Liverpool. 


TO SEND to BOWERS BrOB., 89, Blackfriara- 
road, London, E.G., for any description of Printing. 
10,000 Handbills, 14s. 6d. ; 1,000 Memorandums. 5b. 
Paper Bags and all the multiform varieties of Trade 
Printing. Cheapest and best house in the trade. 


for Meetings and general distribution, 1,000, 4b. 6d. 
500, 3s. 3d., with notice at back. Quantities, 3s. per 1,000 
Posters, 20in. by 30in., 100, 9s. ; Window Bills, 4s. per 
100 in good style. Pledge Cards and all requisites 
Send name and address and one stamp for sample 
Estimates for all classes of work. Orders per return Post 

Prize Pictorial Readinqb for Lodges, Temples 
Bands of Hope, &c, in packets A and B containing 
twenty different kinds. Price 6d. each packet, post free 
from John Kempster and Co., 3, Bolt Court, Fleet-street 
London, E.O.— Advt 

April 6, 1885. 




"Good Templars' Watchword" 

Will be^a Double Number, 

And will be Published on 

Friday, April 17, 1885, 

'.For the following Monday. 



It will also contain a Full Report of 


At the Winchester Aesizes in November last, 
together with the 



Outline Portraits of the leading Actors 

In this remarkable case. 

EARLY ORDERS should be given to secure 
copies of this special issue. 



A Ati- Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder, 



With the Exces- of Fat Estraetod. 

The Faculty pronounce it "The most nutritious, perfect!} 

digestible Beverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or Mdpfeb, act 

invaluable for Invalids and Younp; Ckil^^en." 

Being without suirar, spice, or other admixture it suits all 
palates, keeps for years in all climatoa, and is four times tht 
strength of cocoas thickened jet weakened with 

Breakfast Uup, coat in? less t>mn a Half-penny. 
Oocoatlna possesses remarkable sustaining properties 

H. 80HWEITZEU * CO., lO.Adam 3 U-o.t, Strand.Loudou, W.'_ 


MONDAY. APBIL 6. 1885. 


We learn from a newspaper report that the 
Poole Town Council has all at once be- 
come somewhat excited. After years of 
such disgraceful proceedings as were re- 
cently attested on oath by independentwitnesses 
it is time that someone became excited. 

The immediate cause of their ftlutter 
appears to have been the letter bearing the 
signature of Mr. B. Whitworth, M. P., which 
recently appeared in the Daily Xews y and in our 
own columns. That letter was a concise state- 
ment of the facts leading up to Detective 
Williams' penal servitude, and the particular 
words, to which the Poole Town Council takes 
exception are the following : — 

" Many of the public-houses in the town of Poole, 
in Dorsetshire, were so disgracefully conducted that 
Alderman Norton, ftf ter vain efforts to obtain the help 
of the local authorities and police, who were well in 
with the publicans, determined to employ two private 
detectives, Williams being: one. Proceedings were 
tlkenagiinst IS publicans and four other persons, 
including the Chief Constable. The magistrates re- 
fused to renew seven out of 18 licences, but four of 
these were again granted on appeal. Three notoriously 
bid houses were closed, but at a cost of over .G300 a 
h nise to Alderman Norton, who was so mobbed that 
his life was at stake." 

The Poole Town Council objects to its going 
forth that the local authorities and the police 
were well in with the publicans. But what 
Other inference can be drawn from the notorious 
facts of history 1 That the police were so has 
been undoubtedly proved ; and the police have 
been the servants of the Town Council. The 

gross conduct of these bad houses, and the con- 
nivance of the police, have long been notorious 
to a large body of the public at 
Poole. Were the members of the Town Council 
the only innocent citizens left in absolute 
ignorance of what was going on 3 If not, why 
did they not control these houses and the police 
under their own charge? It is sadly 
to their discredit if they were even 
ignorantly and only by their servants and 
agents, leaving such disgraceful conduct un- 
checked. But we cannot accept a plea of 
ignorance ; and as the custodians of 
good order and good government, these 
indignant and virtuous Town Councillors 
must take upon themselves the opprobrium 
which attaches to the horrible conduct of the 
publicans, unchecked as it was by the police, 
who were the servants, and under the respon- 
sible control, of the Town Council. 
_; The less indignation they shew, the more it 
-.fill be to the credit of their better feelings. If 
they would shew some sense of shame, and 
some commiseration for the poor man who is 
now suffering penal servitude, in some mea- 
sure as the result of their neglect,they would 
establish some claim to our respect ; 
but now that, after such a long term of apathy 
and negligent indifference to the sufferings of 
the publicans' victims, and without any ap 
parent concern for the undeserved sufferings 
of poor Williams, they should cry out 
in their virtuous indignation, and demand a 
whitewashing at Mr. Whitworth's hands, under 
threat of legal proceedings, we can only 
characterise their conduct as childish, 
almost to the verge of imbecility. We 
know some of the gentlemen who are mem- 
bers of the Poole Council, and we are 
sorry if they come, individually, under 
this censure ; but, as a body, the police 
of Poole, and the authorities respon- 
sible for their control, are deserving of the 
gravest censure ; and we base this opinion upon 
the reports published in thelocal newspapers, and 
upon the sworn evidence in their police-court, 
which has revealed a state of things far worse 
than that which Williams exposed, and for which 
evidence he is now suffering undeserved punish- 

Another addition to Blue Ribbon Litera- 
ture is announced in cur advertising columns, under 
the title of the Illustrated Blue Rilbim Novelette, 

Quite a number of Lodges appear this week in 
our A'isitors' Guide Expired List on page 13. We 
should be obliged for an early renewal of subscrip- 

Good songs are an immense help to any goo\ 
movement, and we are glad to commend Mr. Maid- 
maid's effort tobring some to the front by the valuable 
prizes offered in our advertisement columns. 

Father Mathew Answers the Publican's Com 
pensation CRT. — Father Mathew frequently used 
the following illustration : — A very fat old duck went 
out early one more morning in pursuit of worms, and, 
after being out all day, succeeded in filling her crop 
full of worms. She had the misfortune to be met 
by a fox, who at onco proposed to take her life to 
satisfy his huDger. The old duck appealed, argued, 
implored, remonstrated. She said to the fox, " You 
cannot be so wicked and kard-hearte 1 as to take the life 
of a harmless duck merely to satisfy the cravings of 
hunger 1 " She exhorted him against the commission 
of so great a sin, and begged him not to stain his soul 
with innocent blood. When the fox could stand her 
cant no longer, he said, "Out upon von, madam, with 
all your fine feathers ; you're a pretty thing to lecture 
for taking life to satisfy my hunger. Is not your 
i crop full of worms ? You destroy more lives in 
one day than I do in a month.'' This was Father 
Mathew's reply to the makers and vendors of liquor. 
when they charged him with spoiling their trade and 
taking the bread from the lips of their children. 

Situations Vacant and Wanted.— Our charge for 
this class of advertisement is 24 words for sixpence. 
Every additienal six words, threepence,— [Advt.] i 


The following correspondence is from the Hereford 
limes :— 


Sir,— In the Hereford Times of the 14th inst. I see 
the report of a speech by Mr. Malins. Grand Worthy 
Chief Templar of Eng'and. at Hereford, and I merely 
wish to quote his own words to shew that he simply 
knows nothing of matters he should be best up in ; and 
if a man in such a position can make public state- 
ments like these, what faith can be j laced in any other 
statistics he may place before the public I 

I will pass over his absurd remarks about ihe grape, 
and merely give the quotation : — 

"The speaker then narrated the process of brew- 
ing." &o. " A bushel of barley was supposed to weigh 
lOUlbs. ; when it became malt it was reduoed to 801bs. 
Out of the lOOlbs., 201bs. was taken out in ' spirits ' 
during the process of maltinsr, and whioh was sold to 
feed cattle, and out of the 301bs. of malt 40 went in 
grains to the pigs ; but the poor man who drank the 
beer paid three times the value for the process of 

Did anyone ever read such an absurd statement ? 
Hereford, being an agricultural district, I leave it to 
those who know as well as I do the proper weights to 
draw their conclusion. I may add that 421bs. bushel 
for malt is the Government standard. 

T. E. Skidmoee, 

Wilton Brewery, Northwich, Cheshire, 
February 25th, 1885. 


Sir, — Mr. Skidmore, of the Wilton Brewery, accuses 
me of knowing nothing of matters I should be best up 
in, and in proof he quotes what he oalls an "absurd 
statement" of mine. 

On the first point Mr. Skidmore is misled by an error 
in the report, which is, however, substantially correct 
on the material points. I did not say that a bushel of. 
malt weighed 1001b. I never mentioned the word 
" bushel." I said that if in making malt liquor 1001b. 
of barley were used, the barley had to be malted. In 
the process of malting the grain grows, or "spirits," 
and the spirits, weighing about 201b., are detached, 
and sold by the maltstei as cattle food, thus leaving 
the grain in the shape of SOlba. of malt. The 
brewer does not boil this SOlbs. of malt, and thus 
get all the "goodness" into the liquor. Ho only 
" steeps " the grain in hot water, and bo only dis- 
solves the malt-sugar, &o, out of it, and he then 
sells the unboiled grains — weighing 401bs.— for 
pig-feed. Thus only 401hs. of solid matter re- 
main in the liquor, and the bulk of this material 
is lost by fermenting and "clearing," after which 
only about 101b?. weight of solid matter— mostly 
worthless " dextrine,' or gum — remains in the liquor. 
Thus the cows and pigs get (iOlbs. of solid matter out 
of the lOOlbs. ; while the purchaser of the beer pays 
three times the original value of the grain. He thus 
pays for growing the beef and the bacon, but he only 
gets the beer. Thus, as a workman said, " The pigs 
get the meat, and the men the broth," and it is poor 
unboiled broth at that. I give round average figures, 
of course. 

Ale, beer, porter, and stout are substantially the 
same in manufacture and elements— varied by a little 
more or less of hop or alcohol — the porter and stout 
simply being darker, owing to the use of burnt malt. 

I shall convict the brewer--* out of their own 
mouths. At the first National Brewers' Exhibition in 
London I saw a barrel of Burton ale, which was 
analysed, and its elements were separated and labelled 
as follow. I saw the elements, and copied the labels 
on the spot : — 

Alcohol: Spirits of wine (strongest)... 14.? pints. 

Dextrine (substance resembling gum) 71bs. 12oz. 

Maltuose (sugar of malt) 31bs. 6oz. 

/Albumenoid (flesh -fcraiing matter) lib. lloz. 

The remainder was water. Very roughly recast these 
figures would give in quarts as an average barrel of 
malt liquor : — 

Alcohol (intoxicating spirit) 7 J quarts. 

Gnm (no value for diet) 3J „ 

Malt Sugar (anfermented) 2 ., 

Flesh-forming matter — only 1 

Water (at 3d. to 6d. per quart) 130 " 

Total contents of barrel 141 quarts. 

In conclusion, I may say that if Mr. Skidmore can 
produce a quart of any of his own, or another's, ale 
beer, porter, or stout, now on sale, which contains as 
much flesh-forming albumenoid as an avrrage penny 
loaf. I will forfeit a guinea to any charity you, sir, 
may name. 

Joseph Malins. 

Congreve-street, Birmingham, March 9th, 1885. 

Where There's Drink There's Danger."— 
It is possible for a man to be very much the worse for 
drink— as thejihrase is— both in a moral and physical 
sense without shewing it in his gait or speech, and 
even to be all but a confirmed drunkard without him- 
self being more than faintly aware of the peril in 
which he stands.''— Saturday IierUir. 



April 0, 1865 


St&fanitted to Grand Lodge Executive at Manchester, 
Batter, 1SS6. 

It becomes my duty and pleasure to tender to you 
my Second Annual Report of work done in connection 
with our Mission Department. 

have been : — 
From 1st February, 1881, to 31st January, 1885. 

To Current Expenses — 

Clerk's Wages 




Postages and telegrams ... 




Printing and stationery ... 




Commission on stamps ex- 

changed and surcharges 

on letters 








Advertising .. 


—189 8 

To Mission Work— 

S ii p c r i n t c n d e n t's and 

Agents' Salaries and Tra- 

velling Expenses, and 

Money Grants to Districts 110 



Grants of Literature, Bills, 




Rebate on Charters — 





Juvenile Temple 




Expenses of Meetings at 

Kendal, Preston, and Bir- 





Watchwords to sub- 





To Collectors' Boxes 

.. 1 10 

By balance 1st February, 1861... 

i ; „ Collections 

I „ Donations 

,, Balance to Debit : — 
Cash due Grand Lodge 
Travelling expenses out- 

£716 5 5 

I deeply regret that our expenditure for the year 
exceeds the amount of our income, but the very 
serious falling-off in the amount of our Lodge sub- 
scriptions, reported from month to month, must have 
prepared yon for this condition of things ; the fact 
being, as you are aware, that but for the subscriptions 
which Bro. Woods has personally secured, together 
with those I have managed to collect during my few 
Bpare hours, our income would have been very limited 

I may call your attention to the fact that I have 
collected more during the last three months than I 
had been able to do previously. It has been done at a 
considerable sacrifice of time and strength, which I 
oould have usefully employed in other ways. The 
greater success which has recently attended my efforts 
in that direction is attributable, I think, to the fact 
that the mission work we are doing is becoming 
better known and appreciated, both among our own 
members and those who do not belong ta the 
Order ; and I may add that my firm conviction is, that 
every year we persevere with this aggressive work the 
easier it will be to collect money to carry it on. It is 
jo st the work that those who desire to help on the 
Temperance cause believe in, and it is most gratifying 
to find how willing many non-members are 
to help ns when the claims of our Mis- 
sion Department are fully explained, and attrac- 
tively put before them. Tho difficulty, so far as 
1 am concerned, has been to find time to do 
this ; and as you arc aware. I have of late been com- 
pelled, in view of the condition of our funds, to give 
preference, so far as holding meetings was concerned, 
to the places where I should bo most likelyto be ablo to 
raise additional subscriptions. This is not always 
satisfactory, for they are not in every case the districlB 
most requiring help. Following this, you have the 
amounts collected, and the districts from which they 
have been r. ccived. 

When it is not otherwise indicated the personal sub- 
scriptions have been mainly collected by myself— and 
I may add nearly all upon personal application. We 
have had a tewrmemiut. in response to circulars, but 
so far as new subscriptions e.rc concerned our circular 
applications have hardly brought in enough to pay for 
paper and poBtage. There were, as on the previous 
year, a good many amounts promised, and some paid at 
last G.L. session, and I trust you will sec it to be your 
duty to urge members attending G L. at Man- 
chester to act liberally and promptly in this matter. 
" He gives twice who gives quickly," and whatever 

chango the GX. may decide upon making with regard 
to tho mode of collecting, if this important work is to 
goon uninterruptedly, we must bo at once provided 
with additional ar.d adequate funds for the purpose : 
and, having given liberally ourselves, we can with 
the better grace appeal to others. Let me therefore, 
through you, urge every member of G.L. to give or 
promise something, however little, before leaving this 
session. To this end subscription forms will be sup- 
plied to those attending Grand Lodge. 
Total Amounts Received from Districts, 

February 1st, 1S84, to January 31st, 1885, 
Bedfordshire, £1 16s. 5Jd. ; Belgium, 10s.; Berk- 
shire, £6 12s. 9d. ; Buckinghamshire, £2 18s. 8id. ; 
Cambridgeshire, £1 9s. 9d. ; Cheshire, East and Mid. 
£9 7s. 4Jd. ; Cheshire, West, £1 lis. 64. : Cornwall, 
East, £2 9s. ; Cornwall, West, 16s. 61. ; Cumberland, 
East, £2 12s. 8d.; Cumberland, West, £9 2s. 3d.; 
Derbyshire, £4 9s. 9d. ; Devonshire, East, £7 Is. lid. ; 
Devonshire, North, £3 0s. 3d. ; Devonshire, South, 
£6 10s. 10td. ; Dorset, £3 7s. Klld. ; Durham, North, 
£7 19s. lOd. ; Durham, South, £105 14s. 4d. ; 
Essex, £29 9s. 5d. ; Gloucestershire, East, Co 7s. l!_.l. : 
Gloucestershire, West, £1!) 5s. 101,1. ; Ooucestershire, 
North-West, £1 0s. Set.; Hampshire, North. 
£4 17s. 7d. ; Hampshire, South, £7 Is. 2d.; 
Hertfordshire, £1 12s. Id. ; Huntingdonshire. 
£4 8s. 3Jd. ; Isle of Wight, £6 lis. 9d. ; Kent, East, 
616 5s. Sid. ; Kent, Mid. £9 13a. Ii. ; Kent, West, 
£2 16s. GV1. ; Lancashire, North, £16 0s. 41.; Lanca- 
shire, North-East, £21 5s. 5d. ; Lancashire, Soutk- 
East, £13 10s. 2d.; Lancashire, South-West, 
£8_ 9s. 2d. ; Lincolnshire, £2 13s. 5d.; Leicester- 
shire — Reception Committee (being surplus mileage 
voted by Grand Lodge), £53 10s. ; Middlesex, 
£31 13s. 9d. ; Monmouthshire, £2 lis. 5d. ; Norfolk, 
£5 10s. lid.; Northampton, North, 9s. Id.; North- 
ampton, Sonth, £4 2s. 5 id. ; Northumberland, 
£10 16s. 7d. ; Nottinghamshire.^ 11a. 9d. ; Oxford- 
shire, £7 10s. Old. ; Shropshire, £2 Cs. 2d. ; Somerset, 
East, £9 9s. Ild.; Somerset, Mid, £12 17s. 9d. ; 
Staffordshire, East, £3 12s. 0'd. ; Staffordshire, 
North, £0 7s. 9d. : Staffordshire, West, £2 0s. 3d. ; 
Suffolk, £3 13s. lid. ; Surrey, East and Mid, £19 
17s. Gd. ; Surrey, West, £8 10s. 7Jd. ; Sussex, £14 
17s. 8d. ; Warwickshire, £20 3s. 4d. ; Worcestershire, 
£3 12s. 4d. ; Wiltshire, Is. 5d.; Yorkshire, East, lls.ld.; 
Yorkshire, North, £8 0s. 7d. ; Yorkshire, Cleveland, 
£2 16s. 3d. ; Yorkshire, Central, £1 4s. 5d. ; Yorkshire, 
North-West, £7 Us. Id. ; Yorkshire, Sonth-West, 
£12 0s. 7J,d. ; Naval and Military, £1 9s. 7d. 

Herefordshire, Lancashire S. (Welsh) and Somer- 
set W., are the only Districts which, during the year, 
have not contributed anything to the Mission Fund. 

[We have abbreviated the above paragraph, as the 
details' which will appear in the G.L. Digest, have 
previously been insetted in the Watchword. — Ed.] 

In addition to the work done by myself, Bro. John 
Wrathall was, on the 1st July, appointed agent for tho 

which includes the Districts of Cumberland (East and 
West), Northumberland, and Durham (South'). His 
work will appear in detail under " Districts Visited," 
&c. He appears to mo to have thrown himself heart 
and soul into his work. He 
his labours have resulted ir 
done. I regret, however, 
tricts named have an 
some of them, as you 

is cordially received, and 
considerable good being 
that while the Dis- 
agent to themselves, 

will observe from 

detailed list of subscriptions, have not supported 
the fund as they should, and I think might have done. 
I know how bad trade has been, and is — particularly 
in the North — but I cannot forget how much many of 
our members owe to our cause ; and that helping to 
put out the Distillery Fires and close the Breweries, to 
make the masses sober — are some of the most direct 
ways of remedying the bad times from which the 
country is suffering. 

Bro. George Paddington lias also rendered us valu- 
ble assistance. For details of his work in Berkshire, 
also see "Districts Visited." 

In Essex he was partly paid by the D.L. out of money 
granted by us, and therefore reported details of his 

ork to the District authorities. 


As my monthly reports show, I have, from February 
1st, 1881, to January 31st, 1885, attended : — 

13 District Lodge Sessions. 
9 Conferences. 

C>5 Meetings of members and special Lodge Sessions. 
146 Public meetings. 

Total 233. 

With very few exceptions the public meetings have 
been large and enthusiastio and have been attended in 
many cases by those who are not often seen at Good 
Templar gatherings; the Conferences, to which Temper- 
ance friends, not members of the Order, were 
iuvittd, have been most useful : and the mem- 
bers' meetings, at which I have usually invited ques- 
tions upon law and order, and the general work of our 
organisation. as well as that of my own department: and 
at which I have always addressed a few earnest words 
calculated to stimulate our members to increased 
effort, have been productive of much good, and greatly 
enjoyed and appreciated by those who have attendad. 

I also, as a deputation from tho G.L., attended the 
annual session of the G.L. of Scotland, held in Edin- 

burgh in July ; and when at liberty, and opportunity 
has presented i self, have taken part in the proceedings 
of kindred organisations. 


Berkshire.— Bro. Paddington, one month. Tracts, 
,tc.,£l 19s. 

Buckinghamshire — Bro. Winton's expense 10s. 
Charter 6et and handbills, 12-. 9d. 

Cheshire, East and Mid.— Bro. D. Y. Soott, five days. 
Money grant. 13s. 6d. 

Cheshire, West.-Bro. D. Y. Scott, one day. Tracts, 
2s. 6d. Money grant, 10s. 6d, 
Cornwall. East. — Tracts and leaflets, 7s. 9d. 
Cumberland, East.— Bro. Wrathall, 13 days.' 1 , 
Cumberland, West.— Bro. Wrathall, 52 days. Print- 
ing £1 10s. 

Derbyshire.— Expenses of Rro. Rev. H. J. Boyd, 
£1 Is. Expenses of Bro. Wiuton, £1 12s. Chart' r 
sets and tracts, 9s. 3d. 

Devonshire, lEast.— iRro. D. Y. Scott, e,ght days. 
Charters, £1 18s. Gd. Money grant, £1 9s. lOd. 
Devonshire, North.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, three days. 
Dorsetshire.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, one day. Money 
grant, £2 10s. 

Durham, North.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, seven days. 
Charters, leaflets, and printing, £3 7s. (id. 

Durham, South.— Bro. Scott, 12 days. Bro. Wrath- 
all, 53 days, charter, tract-, &c, £3 4s. lid. 

Essex.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, six days. Balance of Bro. 
Bramley's expenses, Gs. Gd. Money grant, £10. 
Grant of printed matter, £1 3s.Gd. Charter and bills, 



Gloucester, East. — Bro. Scott, four days, 
grant, £5. Charters, £1 17s. Gd. 

Gloucester, West.— Bro. Scott, five days. Tickets, 
tracts, &c„ £3 7s. 6d. Money grant, £1 3s. 9d. 

Gloucester North-West.— Grant £1 10s. 

Hants, North.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, five days. Printing, 
£1 6s. 6d. 

Hants, South.— Bro. Poulter, two days. Bro. Rev. 
W. Mottram, one day. Bro. Malins, one day. Expenses 
of Bros. Malins and Poulter, CI 15s. Bro. Mottram 's 
expenses, 4s. 2d. Money grant, £10. Charters and 
tracts, £2 10s. 

Islo of Wight.— Bro. Malins, four days. Bro. 
Poulter, four days. Tracts and printing, £1 lis. Bros. 
Malins, Mottram, and Poulter visited Hants and the 
Isle, of Wight for Bro. Scott, during his illness. 

Kent, East.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, three days. Charter 
and tracts, 1 3s. Gd. 

Kent, Mid— Bro. D. Y. Scott, 17 days. Grant, 
19s. fid. Tracts and leaflets, £3 4s. lid. 

Kent, West.— Charter set, 5s. 

Lancashire, North. — Bro. B\ Y. Soott, three days. 
Bro. Bolton, 12 days. Bro. Wrathall, five days. Ex- 
penses in connection with Kendal meetings, £6 2s, Gd. 
Bro. Bolton's expenses, £2 19s. 3d. Hire of Preston 
Town Hall, £3. Printing, tracts, Sec, £11 18. 7d. 

Lancashire, North-East. — Tracts and tickets, lis, Gd. 

Lancashire, South-East.— Charter set and tracts, 
£2 6s. 9d. 

Lancashire, South-West. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, six days. 
Grant. £10. Charter and tracts, £4 5s. 3d. 

Leicestershire. — Bro.Scott, three days. Tracts, grant, 
and charter, 15s. Gt. 

Lincolnshire. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, three days. 
Tracts, 5s. 

Middlesex.— Charter, tracts, &c, £6 8s. 

Monmouthshire. — Bro. Scott, five days. Charter 
and leaflets, £1 2s. lOd. 

Northampton, North. — Tracts, 10s. 

Northampton, South. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, five days. 
Printing, £3 5s. Gd. Money grant, £t ISs. 7d. 

Northumberland. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, five days. Bro. 
Wrathall, 42 days. Charters, £1 2s. 6tl. 

Nottinghamshire. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, two days. 

Oxfordshire.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, six days. Bro. C. 

mg's expenses, 10s. Charter, 4s. 2U. 

Shropshire, — Bro. D. Y. Scott, six days. Printing, 
charters, tracts, Sec,, £2 13s. 9d. Money Grant, 
£1 0s. Id. 

Somerset, East.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, five days, 

Somerset, Mid. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, five days. Tracts, 

Staffordshire.East. — Bro.Scott, seven days. Charters 
and printing, £2 2s. 

Staffordshire, West.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, two days. 
Money grant, £3 6s. 

Suffolk. -Bro. D. Y. Soott, five days. Printing, 14s, 

Surrey, East and Mid. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, six days. 
Printing, charter, and tracts, £9 17s. 

Surrey. West. — Bro. D. Y. Scott, three days. Charter 
and tracts, £1 0s. 6d, 

Sussex. — liro. D. Y. Scott, four days. Charter and 
liacts, £1 13s. 9il. 

Warwickshire. — Bro D. Y. Scott, 12 days. Loss ou 
Mass Meeting at Birmingham. £7 5s. 8d. Printing, 
charters. &0, S3 IBS. 

Wiltshire.— Bro. D. Y. Scott, one day. Grant. £2, 
Tracts, £1 10s. 

Worcester, — Bro. D. Y. Scott, three days, 

Yorks, Central.— Charters and printing, £2 18s. 6d. 

Treks, Sonth-West— Charter, 10s. 

Military.- Charter, 8s. Gd. 

Holland.— Charter, 14s. lid. 

April 6, 1885. 



There are at the present moment 089 collectors 
appointed bj 705 Lodge3, thns leaving 934 Lodges 
doing nothing for the mission fand, and at leaat one- 
fifth of the 0S0 collectors appointed have never re- 

Wc have also 7^ collecting boxes in the hands of 
thoec who are helping us in this particular way. I 
would urge a larger number of our members to aid us 
by means of this simple plan. 




It will be observed that though, much has been 
done considering the limited means at our disposal, 
there are still some districts which havo not been 
visited during tho year. In some cases it 
has been impossible to arrange date3 mutually 
satisfactory, and in others help has been 
asked for when we have been unable to give 
it. It has been difficult sometimes to mete out even 
justice to all, but on the whole those concerned have 
been patient and reasonable and have not been difficult 
to convince, that since we could not give to all, the 
strong must be willing to help the weak. Due regard 
has always been paid to the exceptional circumstances 
of the case, and such action taken as appeared best 
in the interests of the Order, and in justice to those 

As you are aware, this was somewhat simplified and 
cheapened at the commencement of the present year, 
and had anything like the £4,000 our members would 
have contributed had they paid the one penny ter 
month which was asked for, been received, the cost 
would have shewn a comparatively small proportion 
to the amount collected. As it is, the propor- 
tion of ^ cost of collecting to the amount collected 
is, as is invariably the case when small sums are to be 
collected, large compared with what has been paid 
into the fund. 

The opinion I expressed last year is confirmed, viz 
that if wo do not adopt some plan of collecting our, 
mission money along with tax. our machinery must be 
■ still further simplified. The fact is, that in connection 
with a voluntary organisation like ours, those who 
will not keep their accounts correctly, and remit the 
money at the proper time, cannot by any quantity of 
complicated machinery be made what they are not ; 
and those who aro always prompt and exact do not 
require anything more elaborate than a little book, 
neatly ruled, with cash columus into which to enter 
what they receive, and a small simple Report Form, 
whereupon to remit the same to the G.W.Secretary, 
With regard to 

With yon, I deeply regret the misunderstanding 
which has arisen in some parts of the jurisdiction with 
regard to the circular sent to tho Lodges, touching 
the " Reorganisation of the Mission Fund." I trust, 
however, that on whatever principle or plan it may 
be accomplished, members of Grand Lodge, impressed 
with the importance of this Mission Department, will 
so legislate as to place sufficient money in the hands 
of the new G.L. Exocntive to enable them to under- 
take more work than has been accomplished in the 

You, and those most experienced in the work of the 
Order, know that if Good Teniplary is to have more 
than a name to live in many Districts, we must have 
more aggressive work, which cannot be performed 
without more money at your disposal. 

You are also aware, that notwithstanding the fact 
that we boast of our organisation being the il biggest 
and the best," the money we spend on public work is 
infinitely small compared with what other leading 
associations in the country expend in that direction. 

I hope that at Grand Lodgo Session this question 
will be asked, and fully considered : — " Is a Mission or 
Aggressive Department a necessity 1 " And if answered 
in the affirmative, as I have little doubt but that it 
will be. I trust steps will forthwith he taken to make it 
worthy of the important position occupied byourOrder 
in this country. 

In consu ering the proposed alteration in the mode 
of collecting the money, it will be well to bear in 
mind the fact that no one, so far as I am aware, has 
ever said we asked too much when wo requested each 
member topayimc penny per month. The difficulty 
has been to get the rank and file of our members to 
understand the principle upon which the Mission De- 
partment ishas'.d— to see why they should continue 
to subscribe, when perhaps the Lodge to which they 
happen to belong has not received any direct benefit 
from the fund. 

It has alto been very difficult to induce members to 
perseveringly continue to act as collectors, when in 
some cases they met with perhaps little encourage- 
ment. Then there has been tne somewhat natural 
ambition to have a local mission fund— to collect for 
it and expend what is collected in the District. Oar I 
members seem to have overlooked the fact that Di 

with one or two exesptions have not succeeded, and 
those which have succeeded have only done so in 
limited sense. They also appear to me to overlook the 
fact that such action would defeat the object G.L. had 
in view,viz..of making the Mission Department a truly 
national affair. 

The clear and simple fact i3 that if the contribution 
is to be reduced from one penny per month to any- 
thing like so small a sum as one penny per quarter, 
cirry member of the Order mvst pay that trifling 

I know it will be objected to on the ground that it 
is an additional "Taxi " Striotly speaking, however — 
in a Good Templar sense — it cannot be so termed. It 
is an additional subscription. In any case it only 
means that each member is to be asked to pay an 
additional fourpence a year, half of which is to be 
retained by Districts for their own use. Surely there 
are few, if any, members so poor that they cannot afford 
that sum : only twopence of which will find its way 
to our National Mission department. 

Suppose an arrangement is come to at Grand Lodge 
which will guarantee one penny per quarter from each 
member. I estimate that will give a little over £500 
to the central fund, and a similar sum to be retained 
by the Districts. If, on the other hand, Grand Lodge 
endorses the reduction from one penny per month to 
one penny per quarter without taking the 
guarantee that it shall be paid by every member, I do 
not expect we shall get a larger proportion of the 
£1,000 than we have received of the £1,000 at first 
asked for; and this would simply be a miserable bur- 
lesque of an affair and leave all concerned in a position 
altogether unworthy of a National Organisation such 

aS QUT3. 

All communications to be addressed TIIE EDITO R 
court, Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

Lodge News should be sent as early as possible, and 
cannot be received after Tuesday morning for Insertion 
In the following Issue, except from Lodges meeting on 
Tuesday night, from which reports can be taken up to 
10 a.m. on Wednesday. 


Never, perhaps, in the history of our country was 
there more necessity, or better opportunity for doing 
the work in which we are engaged, than now presents 

The passing ofjthe Franchise Bill and the Redistri- 
bution Scheme will give us new opportunities of 
making our power felt in a direction where we have 
hitherto been unable to make as much impression as 
we desired. 

Increased activity and interest among all classes of 
Temperance Roformers— not to speak of the more 
favourable attitude assumed towardsma by the Church, 
tho Pulpit, the Press, and tho Medical profession- 
are all reasons why we should now make a determined 
effort to push our righteous and bloodless battle to the 
gates ; but to do this we must have money, and more 
than we have yet received. 

I trust that every member will realise his responsi- 
bility, and in a generous and thorough Good Templar 
spirit, do his best to enable the G.L. Executivo for tho 
coming year to — by arrangement with the Districts 
concerned, if need be — appoint at least a dozen men, 
whose duty it will be to sow the principles of Pro- 
hibition, Total Abstinence and Good Templary broad- 
cast over the length and breadth of Old England. 

Personally I cannot work harder or more than I have 
donoin the past ; but with the experience we have 
gained and the alterations wc have made in the matter 
of collecting subscriptions, I have little doubt that 
during the year upon which we are entering, more 
work may be accomplished and more money gathered 
in from those who are not members of tbe Order. 

That this important work may prosper and grow 
until the liquor trafiio is destroyed is the prayer of — 
Yours trnly and fraternally, 

B. Y. Scott, 
Supt. of Home Mission Work. 


In view of the proposed changes in connection with 
our Mission Department.! have assumed that you would 
prefer my report brought up to as recent a dato as 

Up to March 23, it will— through an increase in 
the number of personal subscriptions and notwithstand- 
ing the very small amount received from Lodges- 
shew a slight improvement. On that date the amount 
of expenditure over income was about £S0, against 
£101 9s. Od. on January 31. 

Since February 1, 1 have attended meetings in Bucks 
(three days), Essex (one day), Middlesex (nine days), 
Norfolk (five days). Northampton, North (one day), 
Surrey (East and Mid (seven days), Suffolk (five days)^ 
Wilts (five dajs). 

This covers 
4 District Lodges, 

H Members' Meetings and Special Lodsre Sessions. 
1 Conference. 

33 Public Meetings. 

52 Total, 
which, with the 233 reported, makes a total of 283 
meetings attended since February 1, 18S4. 

Thb Juvenile Templar and Sonbise.— Back num- 
bers of these beautifully-illustrated magazines, for 
distribution atfetes, galas, anniversaries, entertainments, 
kc, at waste-paper prices, carriage paid, one shilliug and 
sixpence per hundred ; 230 for 2s. 6.1. , 500 for 4s. ; 1,000 

I for 7s.— John Kempster and Co 3, Bolt-court, Fleet 
tricts have had very many yearsin which to do this, and j street, London, E.C.— TAdytI 


Holloway, N.— "Seven Sisters." March 23. Lodge 
opened to transact necessary business ; Bro. E. A. (lib- 
son, P. V.D., elected MX ; Sister Grey, of Antwerp, 
amongst the visitors, and addressed the Lodge ; after- 
wards open Lodge, well attended ; Bro. Richardson de- 
livered a wholesome lecture on "Food Reform," and 
demonstrated the physical benefits arising from abstin- 
ence from flesli, fish and fowl ; followed by interesting 
discussion and an invitation to continue the lecture 
another time. 

New Cut.-— " Farm House." March 21. Bro. W. 
Meldon was again elected as L D. and Bro. W. Heart* 
field as E.D.; entertained by volunteer brothers; Bro. 
Hughes presiding ; recitations by Bros. GJasser, ReeveH, 
and Harding ; songs by Bros. Treacher, Bays, Beal and 
Hughes; one initiated ; Watchwords sold.— March 28. 
Notice of motion read to alter iiamn of Lodpe to George 
Thorneloe ; Bro. Swetman handed to the W.T. the sum 
of lis. lOd. as part proceeds from Excelsior Total 
Abstinence Society's entertainment for benefit of Lodge 
funds ; a visiting brother out of work was assisted ; 
officered and entertained by Gmsvenor Lodge ; sonirs by 
Bros. W. C. Butler, W. J. Thomas, J. Butler, S. 
Thomas and Sister Thomas ; recitations by Bros. 
Colbeck and Cogdell. 

Kennington, North-street. — " G. W. Johnson." 
March 28. Grand entertainment given by Sister Shep- 
heard and friend--, in aid of the Tea Service Fund. Bro. 
P. Pickford in the chair ; room crowded ; great success. 
Clapham. — "General Garfield." March 26. One re- 
ceived on c.c. Visit of Albert Bond of Brotherhood 
Lodge, who ollicered and entertained with songs, recita- 
tions, and readings, A very pleasant evening was spent. 
Cambridge Heath Bridge.— "Artisan." February 28. 
Question Box ; various questions of the day were 
answered by all present. — March 7. Sing or say a verse 
or pay a penny, and more verses than pennies came io, 
which proved many could sing or recite, who had pro 
viously declined.— March 14. Entertainment by East 
London , Temporauce Choral Society. Bro. Young occupied 
the chair, and gave a practical and earnest address upon. 
Good Templary ; good entertainment. — March 21 
Quarterly soiree ; a short sketch took place, in which 
Sisters Porter, Mundon and King, and Bro. Bassil 
took part. About !I0 present ; thoroughly enjoyed. 

Hammersmith.— "Thomas Carlylo." March 27. Bro. 
G. Thomas recommended as L.D., Bro. Eustace as E D 
Visit of Bro. M. Colbert, CD., aBo Bro. W. Sutherland, 
W.D.C., who gave an eloquent address. Lodge doing 
well ; Watchwords taken by its members. 

Peckham.— "Beckham." March 27. Decided to 
memorialise the Home Secretary to grant an inquiry 
into the case of Henry Williams ; mock auction realised 
15s. for funds. 

Kilbnrn.— "President Garfield." March 25. One 
initiated and one proposed. Bro. C. W. Jacobs recom- 
mended L.D., Bro. J. H. Cope elected E.D., Bro. C. 
Lewis electod W.C.T. Visit from Hope of Kilburn 
Lodge. Songs by Bros. J. H. Copo and C. W. Jacobs- 
addresses by Bro. Cope, W.C.T. ; Bro. Bouk, L.D. of 
Star of Bethlehem Lodze; Bro. T. C. Macrow.P.D.G. 
and Sister Powney, P.L.D. West End of London Lodge! 
Battersea.— "St. John's Hill." March 24. Visit from 
Putney Emmanuel Lodge ; grand muster, Bro. Scott 
eleoted L.D., and Bro. West, E.D.; Political Action 
Committee appointed. 

Kensington.— "British Queen." March 2G. Visit of 
Bro. T. C. Macrow, V.D., who presided. Bro. W 
Fry recommended as L.D., and Bro. H. J. Easton as 
E.D.; Bro. Macrow gave a short practical address ; Bro 
B. Wheatley also gave a short address. 

Chelsea.— "Queen's Messenger." March 13. One 
proposed ; officered and entertained by sifters ■ Sister 
Weeks, W.D.V.T., in the chair, who gave a short ad- 
dress.— March 20. Election of Deputies : Bro. G 
Underwood re-elected L.D. for the fourth time ; Bro. A* 
Looker elected E.D. Official visit of Good Shepherd 
Lodge, who entertained with songs, readings, and reci- 
tation:;.— March 27. One initiated and o nc re- bligated 
Brothers 1 night ; Bro. Gianelli in the chair. The brotheis 
then entertained with songs. &c. 
Wington.—" Henry Ansell." March 23. Visit to the 

Banner oi iVace Lo,l- ■, TuUenlmru Court-road.— March 
38, Bro. Rev. H. D. Sealy Vidal, W.C.T., presided ; 
visit ot tho London Scots Lodge; a long programme of 
songs and recitations was then proceeded with. 

Leicester-square.— " Orange Branch." March 23 
Bro. S. W. Tysoe, W.C.T., presiding. Brothers' sewing 
c< repetition ; winners of prize?, Bros. Gillett and Smith. 
Songs and recitations by Sisters Coekey and Woodfine 
Bios. Waters, Green, and GUlett. Good version* 
Several Watchwords sold. 



April 6, 1885. 


Stockport,— "Lord Vernon," The Lodge progressing 
favourably, having had a serious Josh through fire, losing 
everything except the charter, but with the help ot kind 
brothers a id sisters we are steadily recruiting our Lodge 
—March 18. Surprise sale attended with success, pro- 
ceeds for Lodge funds.— March 25. Entertainment and 
enjoyable evening spent ; three applications for G.L. 
Degree; Bro. Lowe was recommended for L.D. ; Bro. 
Cropper was elected W.C.T., and duly installed. 

Yarmouth.— "Star in the West." 'March 27. Son»s 
by all ; readings by Sister Warder, W. Chap and Bro. 
W. Newman, W.C.T. Bro. C. Adams, W.C.T., of May 
Blossom Lodge spoke a few words for the good of the 

Openshaw.— " Good Intent." March 2G. Officered 
by Circle Lodge, Bro. Harry Hopkins, W.C,T.; songs 
by Bros. Hopkins, Leech, and Halstead ; duet by Bro. 
and Sister Smith ; good attendance ; 18 members applied 
forG. Lodge Degree; Bro. Edward Poulson was recom- 
mended as L.D., and B!0. Joseph Stevenson as E.D. 

Oxford.—" City." March G. Good attendance. 
Tit-bits from Watchword.— March 13. Public meeting, 
Bro. Howard, L.D., presided ; speaker, Rev. Silas 
Walmsley, who gave a stirring address.— March 20. 
Sisters' surprise ; a very nice cloth for W.C.T. 'a table, 
and an inkstand ; refreshments were also liberally sup- 
plied by sisters.— March 27. Good session ; initiation ; 
prozramrne "Turn out the W.C.T." 

Warwick.—" Warwick Castle." March 4. One pro- 
posed and one initiated.— March 11. Public meeting and 
coffee supper. A special session held afterwards. Three 
proposed and two initiated.— March 18. One proposed. 
Visit of Bro. H. Payne, E.D., Royal Rescue Lodge, 
Greenwich, with fraternal greetings, who also favoured 
the Lodge with an account of his visits to the North of 
England. Bros. H. Crump and J. T. Day ton nominated 
for L.D. and E.D. respectively. One member joined on 
c.c. An excellent paper read by Bro. H. Crump, 
entitled " How to make Lodge meetings interesting." 
Profitable evening. 

Tokbridge.— " Arphaxhead." Maich24. Visit to the 
True Unity of Tonbridge. One initiated. After the 
usual business was transacted, the whole of the members 
sat down to a capital coffee supper, after which the mem- 
bers of the Aphaxhead entertained the Lodge with 
songs, readings, recitations, &o. Very pleasant and suc- 
cessful evening. 

Cheltenham.— "Imperial." March 26'. Bro. Mortimer 
and Douglas elected L.D. and E.D. respectively ; enter- 
tained in a creditable manner by Victoria Juvenile 
Temple, under the superintendence of Bro. ErringtoD, 

Cheltenham.— "St. Mark's Samaritan." March 22. 
Bro. Rev. E Turlaud recommended as L.D., and Bro. 
Westm*ncott E.D. ; Bro. Turland gave an interesting 
sketch of "The life and times of Father Mathew," which 
was afterwards discussed. 

Manchester. — " City." March 5. Sisters' surprise 
night, each brother receiving a present of a necktie, for 
which the sisters received a hearty vote of thanks, 
visited by Bro. Turner, C.C.T., of No. 1. Convention, 
who pave a short address. — March 12. Public meeting 
in connection with Stanley Temperance Society. — 
March 14. An entertainment in aid of the G.L. Recep- 
tion Fund was given entitled, " Father, come home," 
by Mr. Pilkington and committee of E very-street 
Mission Hall, the entertainment taking the form of a 
tableau, illustrating the miseries of a drunkard's life and 
the happinrsa of a sober man's home.— March 19. Coffee 
supper and parlour paraes, very enjoyable evening. — 
March 28. Each sister received a present of a neat and 
nicely got up aprontfrom the brothers. The programme 
of the evening being sing, recite or pay Id. ; the follow- 
ing entertained, Bros. Cooper (the Derbyshire Poet), W. 
Fletcher, Boyes, Home, and Sisters Thornton, Ursell, 
L. J. Fletcher, Bellamy and Burns. 

Wolverhampton. — "Star of Peace." March 24. Good 
attendance ; circulars ordered to be sent out to all past 
and present members.inviting them to a re-nnion meeting. 
Report of central committee, who have resolved to run 
three Temperance candidates at future guardians elec- 
tions. Second Degree conferred on 11 members by Bro. 
Collins, D.E.D., assisted by Bro. and Sister Richards, 
and other sisters, Lodge officers and members. 

Wolverhampton. — "Guthrie Example." March 25. 
Third session after resuscitation. One entered by a.c, 
Bro. Collins, D.E.D., in the chair, and was re-recom- 
mended as L.D., and Bro. Miles Green as E.D. For 
good of Order, a council of instruction was held, con- 
ducted by the L.D. 

Cosrlet. — " Neal Duw." March 2(5. Surprise visit of 
Bro. Collins, L.E.D. Sister H.E. Young, W.C.T., 
was recommended as R.D., and Bro. Medils as E.D. Bro. 
Collins addressed the Lod^e on the proposed organisa- 
tion of Temperance political unions in West Stafford, and 
Lodge resolved to assist in the same. 

Wolverhampton. — " Livingstone." March 20. Good 
attendance. Interesting discussion opened by Bro. G. 
Evans, W.D.Co., on the question of " Compensation to 
Publicans." Discussion carried on by Bros. Richards, 
W.D.S., Morns, and others. 

St. Paul's.—" Excelsior." March 25. Special good 
session. Visit of the Lily of the Valley J. T., under the 
superintendence of Sister Collins and Bro. Hortnn. 
Splendid programme given by the children, after which 
refreshments wire served. 

Brighton. — " Queen's Park." March 25. Animated 
discussions on several important matters being the order 
of the evening, many satisfactory decisions were made. 
Bro. Wiggett gave an address on his experience as a 
Good Templar. Recitation by Bro. Kennedy, song by 
Bro. Cook, and an interesting account of the effects of 
total abstinence as compared with moderate drinking on 
longevity, by a visitor. 

The best and cheapest magazine for children is 
Sunrise; beautifully illustrated, one half-penny per 

GK W.C.T.— Joseph Malins, > G.L. Offices, 13, Con- 
G.W.Sec. — James J. Woods, \ greve St., Birmingham 
J.S.J.T.— Mrs. Lydia A. Walshaw, 30, Elmfield, 
Savile Park, Halifax. 

Home Mission Department. 
Superintendent.— D. Y. Scott, GX, Offices, 18, 
Congreve-st., Birmingham. 
Agent for Northern Area.— JonN Whathall, 7, 
Baldwin-street, Hawcoat, near Barrow-in-Furness, 

Military District. 
D.C.T.— Quabter-Master-Sergt. 0. G. L. Jones 

Adjutant-General's Office, Colchester. 
D.S.J. T.— Sergt. J, Shrives, let Bedford Regiment, 

W.D.Sec :— E. R. Smith, 19, Hearn-street, Newport, 
Isle of Wight. 

Naval District, 
D.C.T.— James Rae, 2, Ziozan-strect, Oxford-road, 

D. S.J.T, — William Andrews, 85, Wellington-street, 

W.D.S.— William Davey, 38, Skinner-street, New 

Brompton, Kent. 


The G. W.C.T. 's Report referred to G.L. holding a 
special session at Plymouth. It should have been 





The sixteenth annual session will be held in 
the Town Hall, Manchester, Easter Monday, April 6, 

Entrance. — No one can enter the Grand Lodge 
Session without a ticket. Representatives will be 
supplied in due time with a credential by the G.W.Sec. 

Members of the G.L., who ara not representatives, 
must obtain a certificate certified by their own W.C.T. 
and W.S. In making application to the G-.W.Sec. for 
this blank certificate, state whether the applicant is a 
Past Representative, or simply a non-voting member of 
Grand Lodge. A stamp should be enclosed to cover 

Application for the G.L. Degree. — All appli- 
cants for the G.L. Degree can obtain credentials from 
any Lodge Deputy, who will he supplied by the G.W. 
Secretary, or of Bro. Edwards whose address is given 

Qualifications for the Grand Lodge.— (a) 
Past and acting deputies and past and acting super- 
intendents, (b) All who hare completed two terms as 
elective officers of Sub-Lodge or Degree Temple, and 
are Third Degree members. (<■) Members of two years' 
Third Degree standing. Candidates must, however, be 
District Lodge members, unless they are ordinary 
members of Foreign, Military, or Naval Ledges, or are 
seamen or soldiers, but in all cases they must be Third 
Degree members. No others are eligible. 

Rfgalia. — Every member and visitor must provide 
himself with either Grand Lodge Third Degree or 
sab-officer's regalia. A Grand Lodge book and 
regalia stall will be furnished at the Session. 

Railway Facilities. — Excursion trains will run 
from the principal towns to Manchester for one and 
more days. Inquire at railway stations. 

Lodgings. — Application for accommodation should 
be pent to the D.C.T., Mr. J. Edwards, 153, Meadow- 
street, Alexandra- park, Manchester 

[Preliminary Meetings and Services. — On 
Saturday, April 4, a Juvenile Demonstration will be 
held, and on Sunday, April 5, special Sermons will 
be preached at various churches and chapels. 

The Official Sermon will be preached at the Circus, 
Chepstow-strtet,at 2.30 p.m., by Bro. Rev. William 
Mottram, Grand Worthy Chaplain.] 


12 noon. The Credential Committee will sib till 

3 p.m. in a room ticketed " Credential," 

near the Town Hall principal entrance. 

2.30 p.m. Grand Lodge Members admitted to the 

Town Hall. 
3,0 Grand Lodge Annual Session to be opened 

in Grand Lodge Degree, Roll of om- 
csrs called, 

Candidates for the Grand Lodge Degree 

Grand Lodge Degree conferred ; officers 
report* presented ; order of procedure 
arranged anl committees appointed. 
4.30 Reception of Deputations from Kindred 

5.30 Adjournment. 

7.0 Public Reception and Conversazione in the 

Town Hall. Tickets Is. The Mayor 
of Manchester will preside, sujt- 
portedby the Mayor of Sal/ord^ Mem- 
bers of the Torn Councils of both 
Boroughs, and other visitors. The 
Crystal Palace Prize Choir will be in 

8.30 a.m. Credential Comniit'ee will sit till 9 o'clock 
in the Town Hall Credential Committee 
9.0 Session re-opens, in the Grand Lodge De- 

gree. Degree conferred upon addi- 
tional Candidates. Reception of dis- 
tinguished visitors from (Grand Lodge, 
and Right Worthy Grand Lodge. 
10.0 Roll of Reps, called, and the business pro- 

ceeded with. First Order — Special 
Report of Executive on Rules of Order. 
Annual Reports dealt with. Challenge 
Shields, ic, presented. 
1.30 p.m. Adjournment. 

3.0 Session re-opens, in the Third Degree, 

Election of officers called. Digest pro- 
ceeded with. 
6.30 Adjournment. 

,30-8 Conferences working in Sub-Lodge Degree, 

on Political Acw Dn assemble in the 
Town Hall ; Conference on Juvenile 
Templary and Foreign Missions. Meet- 
ings of Committees in various Com- 
mittee Rooms. 
9.0 a.m. Session re-opens, in the Hard Degree in 

the Town Hall. 
1.30 p.m. Adjournment. 
3 Session re-opens in TJiird Degree. 

5.30. Adjournment. 

7.30. Public Demonstration in the Free Trade 

Hall. Distinguished visitors from the 
R.W.G.L. of the World, and from 
Grand Lodges will be the speakers. 
Joseph Malins, R.W.G.T., will preside. 
7.0 a.m. Preston Club Re-union Breakfast'at Clydes- 
dale Restaurant, 77, Piccadilly. 
9.0 Session re-opens, in Grand Lodge Degree, 

for installation of officers, &c. 
1.30 p.m. Adjournment. 

3.0 Session re-opens, in Subordinate Degree, and 

adjourns at 6.30. 
6.0 Adjournment. 

7.0 Session re-opens and continues in Subordi- 

iiate Degree. 
7.30 The Ciedential Committee will sit till 8 

p.m., when the Grand Lodge Degree 
will be conferred. 
9.0 a.m. Session re-opens and closes at will in the 
Grand Lodge Degree. 

Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T., 
Jas. J. Woods, G.W.Sec. 
G.L. Offices. 

Congreve-street, Birmingham. 


To the Grand Lodge of England, Easter, 1885. 

Dear Brothers and Sisters, 

I append to this my report a statistical return. It 
will be noted, that whilst the G.S.J.T., at last Grand 
Lodge reported 49,636 juvenile members,the statistical 
columns shew that the D.S.J.T.'s only reported to me 
47,447, shewing a discrepancy of 2, J 89. This is owing 
to many D.S.J.T.'s trading upon the previous quarter's 
returns, instead of insisting upon their S.J.T.'s 
promptly reporting to them. That this can be 
done if proper attention is paid to the 
work is plainly seen when it is observed that 
large districts such as Middlepex, Durham North, 
Durham South, Essex, Northumberland, Sussex, Wilts 
and others, make no variations quarter by quarter, yet 
whose returns are always received amongst the first, 
so that, whilst the ^tatistkal tables shew an increase 
of 1,760, the nnmber reported in February is actually 
429 below the number reported last year. By 
an alteration and sinqiUfieat'um of the quarterly 
forms an oversight of this matter can be obtained 
by the G.S.J.T. I regret that I have been 
unable to obtain this quarter's report from Stafford 
East, and which is the only Home District whose re- 
turns are consequently incomplete. The figures are far 
from satisfactory, and the more so considering the 
missionary spirit that has been aroused in the juvenile 
work in several districts. Specially noticeable is the 
splendid increase of Monmouth district of. over 123 

April 6, 1885. 



percent, entitling it to the Juvenile Challenge Shield, 
whilst it ia closely followed by Backs, with nearly 
108 per cent. increase. Cumberland West, 
Durham South. Keut But, Kent Mid, and Kent "West. 
Lancashire XE., Lancashire S.E., Lancashire S.W., 
Somerset E., Stafford N t| Stafford "VV., Warwick, Wilts 
and North Yorks report large numerical increases, 
shewing life and vigour. On the other hand a numbei 
of districts, such as Devon N., Hereford, LincolD, Nor- 
folk, Northampton N„ Somerset W., Suffolk, and 
Yorks Central are a source of great anxiety, 
in several of them the Jnvenile Order being- 
nearly extinct. IE Grand Lodge can see 
its way to devote a comparatively small sum to the 
furtherance of the juvenile work, by the employment 
of occasional agency, I feel assured a good harvest 
and the strengthening of mauy districts would be 
the result. In the autumn of last year an effort was 
made in this direction by securing the \oluntary ser- 
vices of Bro. Fred. Bolton, P.D.S.J.T., N.W. Yorks, in 
Northampton S„ and most cheering were the 
reports I received as to the results, and 
our _ hearty thanks are due to him for his 
services. The Order has been re-startfd in Cum 
land East, and Oxford, which had sunk very Ion 
springing into life again. 

_ There have been 77 new Temples instituted, whilst 
eight other applications for charters have been 
granted. During the year I have received upwards of 
5,000 communications, and sent upwards of S, 000. 

Last Grand Lodge it wa3 referred tome to obtain 
the opinions of the districts as to whether it was de- 
sirable to abolish the Juvenile Temple pass-word. I 
have referred to tbis'matter three times in my circulars 
and 35 districts have replied, eight affirmatively. 21 
negatively, whilst thrte would make its use permis- 
sive. I suppose it is a matter of no interest to the 
remaining 31 districts. 

Arrangements have been made for a prize exam: 
tion npon the same ba^is as in former years, the text 
book selected being Dr. Ridge's "Temperance Teach 
ing for the Young." Last year I deemed i 
expedient to withhold one-half of the amount 
voted for prizes, a sufficient number not 
having entered the competition. Immediately 
after last Grand Lodge Session Bro. C. Stacey Watson, 
of Yarmouth, communicated to me that he would be 
pleased to present two prizes of Temperance Libraries, 
value £(I and £4, to the two Senior^Temples shewing 
the best proportionate attendance for the year com- 
mencing August 1, 1881, these prizes will indeed be 
valuable acquisitions to the temples winning them, 
and our warmest thanks arc due to Bro. Watson for 
his valuable gift. Although we have a comparatively 
small number of Senior Temples (about 30) 21 of 
these ontered the competition. 

A new register for D.S.J .T.'s has been issued, and 
also at the suggesiion of our Wilts brethren, a 
Jnvenile Templar Blue Ribbon. A Senior Templar 
pledge card has been designed, and the series of 
leaflets revised and issued, whilst others are in course 
of preparation. 

The thanks of Grand Lodge are due to Bro. R. P. J. 
Simpson,for framing the questions for last year's com- 
petition, and acting as adjudicator, and to Bro. Aston, 
his colleague, and Bro. Mottram as adjudicator for a 
special examination of the St. Helena members. It 
appears to me advisable that the bye-law as to the 
Juvenile Temple Challenge Shield should be revised 
and I recommend that course be adopted, it would not 
be fair that a district starting with one Temple should 
be able without effort to take the shield against a 
larger district, which by hard work hus made a sub- 
stantial increase. I suggest that the starting point be 
not less than three Temples. 

A lack of physical strength lias prevented me from 
doing much woikthat would otherwise have engaged 
my attention. In executing my various duties I have 
had the ready and willing co-operation of D.S.J .T.'s 
and other commissioned officers, to whom I return my 
sincure thanks. 

Yours fraternally, 

Lydia A. Walmhaw, G.S.J.T. 


Good Templars emigrating to any part of the world 
are requested to apply to Joseph Malms, R.W.G.T., 
Congreve-street, Birmingham, or William W. Turn- 
bull, R.W.G.S., 72, Great Clyde-street, Glasgow, for 
the addresses of officials near the places in which they 
purpose to reside. 


Bro. Clement Bryer, of Slough, at the annual United 
Eisteddfod, held at Windsor, on the 25th ult., was 
awarded the first prize o: impromptu speaking. 

Is IT tktk that the magistrates, if they like, can close 
every public-house, as stated in No Vested Interest 
IN Licences (Gd., with Appendix) ; and that any person 
can oppose the renewal of a license, as shewn in How to 
Shut up a Public House (3d., from Bro. Amery, Bland 
ford, Dorset), yet, in opposition to Licences, Youii 
Lodge is dojno nothing [Advt.] 


NB.— This Company was the first to start Temperance Cafes in the City for 


1, Ludgate Circus Buildings, Farringdon Street, and 
61, Graceckurch Street, City. 


VISITORS TO I Should Spend 2d. at the Eookstall for a Copy of the April 


Trades ; a Dialogue for llHoys and Girls. A B'jj's Gleaning. " A Song of Three Words. 
// you cannot attend Grand Lndvc orAv a Copy 0/ ! 

; S. B. GRAHAM, M,i/,ld,„i,: 


THK IluIstrateix. 

A Complete Dramatic Story of Domestic Interest, entitled, 


A Story of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 



NOTICE. —Secretaries or Members of Temperance Societies 
are requested to pluco themselves in c mirminicaUon with the 
Publisher Liberal terms will be offered to assist in the distri- 
bution of these works. 

To be bad at the Bookstalls, of all Newsagents, or at the 
Offices, 11, RED LION COURT, Fleet Street, London, E.G. 


Will the W.S. or L.D. of the following Lodges please 
note that the dates of their announcements in the Visitors 
Guide have expired ? We shall be glad to repeat the 
notice on receipt of order and subscription. 


Benjamin Hill.— Bermondsey. 

Grosvenor.— Chelsea. 

Harringay. — Crouch End. 

Manners' Friend.— 19, Old Gravel-lane, E. 

Peel.— Ulerkenwell. 

Pride of Brompton.— South Kensington. 

Proffress. — Westminster. 

South Metropolitan.— Blaclifriars. 

St. James of London. — Tottenham Court-road, 

The Mint.— Southwark. 

Thomas Carlyle.-Hammersmith. 

Wanderer's Rest.— Lisson-grove. 

West London Pioneer.— Edgware-road. 

Aklershot.— Dhil Kushia. 
Ard wick.— Grosvenor. 
Biggleswade. — Hope On, Hope Ever. 
Bournemouth. — Protection. 
Brierly Hill.— England's Pride. 
Brierly Hill.— Work and Wait, 
Brighton. — Advance Guard. 
Canterbury. — Day Star. 
Douglas. — Life Brigade. 
Dudley.— Haste to the Rescue. 
Greenwich. — Royal Rescue. 
Hull— Flower of Hull. 
Kidderminster.— Charity Lodge. 
Lymington.— Haven of Rest. 
Maidstone. — Unity. 
Malta.— Shropshire Guidhn Star. 
Ottery St. Mary.— Home Sweet Home. 
Petersham. — Dysart. 
Ramsgate — Sunbeam. 
Ryde.— Ryde. 

Salford — Hope of St. Bartholomew. 
Shoeburyness. — Hope of. 
St. Albans.— City of St. Albans. 
Stonehouse.— Orphans' Friend. 
Tranmere — Gleam of Sunshine. 
Waltham Cross.— Emmanuel. 
Woking. — Goldsworthy. 
Worksop. — Hope of Worksop. 
Yorktown.— True and Faithful. 

How to circulate the Watchword. 


32 Copies (Jibs.) for 2s. 4d. 

52 ( j os-) „ 3s. M 

72 , ,7-lbs-) „ 5s. 2d. 

For lesser quantities the Tebi's of Subscription, Post 
Free, are :— 

1 Copy for IS weeks 1/6 26 weeks. 3/0 52 weeks, 6/0 

2 , 3/0 „ „ 6/0 „ „ 12/0 

3 4/3 „ „ 8/6 „ „ 17/0 

4 ii ii ii 5/0 „ „ 10/0 „ „ 20/0 

5 ... . „ „ 6/0 „ „ 12/0 „ ., 24/0 
Six Copies or more at the rate of One Penny per Coriy 

Post Free. 

Publishing and Advertisement Office, 3, Bolt-court, 
Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

Post Orders payable to JOHN KiMFSTER, Ludgate- 
Circus Office. E.C. 



Members of Good Templar Lodges, Temperance and 

Blue Ribbon Societies sup-plied with 



H -A. K. 3VI ONIU 3VI S , 

And all Musical Instruments, 



Terms, Makers' Price Lists, Frospectuses, &c, Post 

Free, on application to the Manager, 58, Fenchurch 

Street, E.C. 

NEW MUSIC— Anniversary Hymn— " Once 
Again.' Written and composed by Bro. Rev. 
Jamea Yeamea. " Faith, Hope and Charity." Words 
by W. C. Jones; Music by L. O. Emerton. On one 
sheet, and being No. 4 of the "Sunrise" Series 
Both notations ; POST free Id. for one copy, 6 for 3d, 
2 for 6d., 25 for Is., 100 for 4s. 


Bolt-court, Fleet-street, E,C. 

— By gently stimulating the action of the liver and slightly 
moving the bowels, the heavy drowsy feeling, headache, pain 
beneath the shoulder.'', at the chest fitter rating, unpleasant 
taste, and, other indications of dyspep>ia are removed- Bottle?, 
2s. 9d. Sold everywhere. Insist on having Pepper's. 

Tanmn <J arglc should be within the reach of all in tho 
least degree subject to throat affections, whether i nil animator?, 

ilaxed, ulcerated, h 

. jwollen tonsils, enforced uvula, 

, Ac, Thoso con.- 1 intly sp.'al;iiL(r, sniffing, or 

: the Gargle prevent tho huskiucss, dryness, 

._ . . frequently attendant on over exertion ; also of 

producing- unusm.Ily sn^med powers without iujury to the 

irfaces of the throat. 

Regularly used every morning the teeth are kept in 
beautiful order. All decawu? and destru. -live tartar is re- 
moved from the enamel, which assumes its ivory- like appear- 

CU A < I ; < , ft\3 AIIECX' TOOTHPASTE.-By usinjr 
this delicious Aromatic lK-ulrilirc the enamel of the teeth 
becomes white, sound, and polished like lvorv. It its exec-din -]y 
fragrant, and especially useful. Get Cracroft's. 

SULPHOL1NE SOAP is a delicately refined chemically 
pure soap, intend. .1 for e,en.ntl n.-e, l,nt sp.-eiaHy hy thoso 
endowed with sensitive skins. Common imperfectly prepared 
soaps, .canted «ith injurious acrid oils, frequently cause skin 
diseasoj. Forwa-hmg at al times, and bringing the skin to a 
soft, pliable, healthy condition, ^uipholine Soap holds tho 
first place. Its o lour is very pleasant, and the soap not expen- 
sive lablets, 6d. each. 

MAN.— W. H. Edwakds, Temperance Advocate 
27 years, and who can be recommended by the Kev. 
Dawson Burns, D.D., Mr. T. H. Barker, Mr.J.Kempster, 
Mr. John Hilton, and others if needed, is very desirous 
of being engaged— with his two sons— to give Temperance 
Entertainments, consisting of speech, song, and recitation; 
his two boys assisting with the concertina and violin. He 
also desires to purchase a concertina more fitting for him 
in his work, and the Rev. Dawson Burns, D.D., will 
receive in his behalf any subscription, friends may'send 
forths purpose.— Address, 01, Ann-street, Plumstead, 
Woolwich. Terms \ery moderate. Rev. Dawson Burns 

D.D., £1; Si YV,lln,i U»- Bart. MP., £1 ; SirT 

Basley, M.P., 10s. : Mr. Robert Rae, 2s. Gd. • Mr 
Kempster, 2s.ud. ; Mi . Wightman, 5s, ; Mr. Clut'.erbuck. 
Is. ; Mr. Leng, 5s, 



April 6, 1885, 



Q ttttatt w Ono Line Is. 6d. Two Lines 3s, 0&. 

raK-Tear ,..-— ,» 8a. Cd. h 8s, Od. 

Tear „ 6s,0d, „ 10a. Od. 

Correspondent* snould always state en what nlsnt the Lodge 
i tlie Lodge meet? at 8 p.m. 
a that we do not send receipt 1 ) fir 
payment of mibscrip'tiona : tho appearance of tho announcements 
!Or tho period paid for helnfr a sufficient acknowledgment. 

dnbacrtpilnna may commence at any dnto and must be pre-paid 
John KkMlwer, at "Ludgate- 

f of Peace. 3, Perc^-street, Tottenham Courfc-rd. 8 IB. 

Gratltnde. 1. Well's Building, LTampstcad, N.W. 8.1. 
Lambeth Perseverance. 101, S mth Lvuhjth-r.iad. 3. W. 8 15 
Orange Branch. Con, School, St. Martin's-strcet, Leicoater-sn,. 

entrance Lonfi-eonrt. 8.15. 
Prudential. blbcnczer Chapel, Ilachford-roau, Brixton-road 

and Clnpharn-road. 
Itcsiun. British School-room, Kentish Town. 
Sliamroclt. Pha-iii:* CulM* T:n tvn. M't, NV-.\- Kent-rd . S.TS. 8.15. 
Silver Street Coltv-j Palac?, Ilicrh- = tre t. NoM in- Hill-gate. 
Vulcan. Temp. Hall, North-it.. Kenni ii'.'l on-rd., H.E. 8.15. 
West End of London. Nutford Hall,lA,,Edgwarc-r. 8.15 

Albert Bond of Brotherhood, Temp. Hall, Boasou-st , New 

Cross Gate. 
Freedom of London. St. Thorns' School, TJarone^s-road, Hack- 

Hackney Mi-sion. Morloy Hall, Mare-F+.rcrvi,, Hackney. 8.15, 
Hand of Friendship. Mis*. Hull, Kin ■Maml-M. 8.30. 
Jabez Burns. Lecture Hall, Church--. tret, R>1 ^ware-road. 
Jamo?Eaton. Mid.nbS('li.oan..\V:H'Tloo-.-t.,Oaioner\\-oll-pk. 8.15. 
Maiib.u-on-b. Chap. Soli.,' So,., College St., Chelsea 

Armoury. Norwood S.honU, Soutlirill. 7.S0. 
Benjamin Frauklio. School-room, St. Luke's Church, Berwick- 

street, xforJ-alrcet. 8,30. 
Citizen. Shoreditcli Mission Hall (un:lcr arch), Kingsland- 

road. 8.15 
Orowu of Surrey. Welcome Hall, We?tow-st. Upper Norwood. 
Good Shepherd. Ebenez^r Ch , Novthend n!., Wr-t Kensington. 
Gnnnersbury. Baptist Oral,, Broadway, Turn ham Green. 7,30. 
Jehovah .Tireh, Temp. Hall, Noit'i^'icct, JConnoiiton-road. 
Joseph Payne. Christ Church Scbl, Cliarlcon-st., Somers' Town. 
Mnr-raret McCurrev.— Svdnev 11:11. L..-a 1- r- street. Chelsea. 
Pride of Isln.lon Pa-?a.-o,rrn ; --t., Islington. 8.15, 
Pride of St. George's. Pluenix Temp. Hall, S*>. Cotnmercial-rd..E 
St. John's Island is Board School, (il-u.r albr.]., r.ibUt Town 
St. Luke's W.Hollowav. Parochial HaM,NiirUi-r,l , Cattle SUrkt 
The Mint, Mission Hall, Harrow-^ , Mml-,t., Southward, S.E. 

Albert, Institute, 17, Wilkin-Rlre.-t, KVuti-.h Town, N.W. 
General Garfidd. I'arali e-rd. Seliool, i'la^hara-road. 
Heart's Content. Miss Hall, Ncal-streot, Long Acre, 8,15. 
Homerton'sHope, Crarol i'it ■■ 'Imp., '."'i'al !i::.m-pl., 'Tackney. 815 
Hope of Highgate. St. Annc* = Sell., Che..-ter-rd., High-ate N. Tn. 
Hope of Streatbam Iron Schoolroom , Lewin-road, Stieatham. 
Jas. McCurrey. Bedford Hall, Upper Manor-st., Chelsea. 
Kew. Temperance Hall, Ounla rland place, Kew. 
London Ark of Safety. Uoxton Acadamy Sch., Uo\toa-st.,S.15. 
London Olive Branch. Lecture Hall, Kingsgato-st. Chapel 

nolboi-n. 8.30. 
Military Brothers. Temp. Hall. Caroline- .frc<-t, Old Kent-road. 


Bedford. Maberly Chapel School, Balls' Pond-road, near Kings- 
laud Gate. 

Coverdale. Ediuboro' Cattle Coffee Palace, Rodeswcll-rd., 
Limehonse. E. 

G. W. McCree. 3, Percy-Street, Tottenham Court-road. 8-3). 

John Bowcn. Alliance Hall, Creek-road, Deptford. 

Peckbam. Albert Hall, Alb,T(-ro ul. IVekham. Jnv.Tem. 6.30. 

South Loudon. Bible Christian Schoolroom. Waterloo-road, S.B 

St. Pancras. Havelock Ha !. Oharlton-Btreet, Bnston-road. 

Bridge, Hackney. 7.3 

Lincoln and Garfield. Mis-ion Hall,<>\ Neal-st., Long Acre, W.O. 
Mile End. Christ Ch. Parish Rra,, Walu-v-st , Comniercial-rd. 
Sir Hugh Myddleton. 14, Spenoor-street, GasweU-road. 8.15 
St. Andrew's. Working Men's Institute, Bel more-street Viands- 
worth -road. 
Stockwcll's Hope. 


A LDERsnoT.— Alder shot. Mrs. Storold'? Sch.-rm , Albert-rd. 7.3 
Aldershot.— AshValo Sis.Cooksoy B.Corutnbisariat Brldg. 
Bp.igdton.— Royal Sussex. BuSflBX-sfaroet Mission flail. "8.15 
BiRMiNouAM. — Nil Desperandnin. Richardson's Scbool-roovr 

Plymouth. — Plymouth. Hope Chapel Sc! oolrooi 
Rai.'U ini',- Budrlilfe. G.T. Hall, Gn.'eii-si.reol. 

BiRKBNDPAD.— "David Millingtou," Qnrcn'? Hall, Claughtnn-rd 

BIRmINOuam.— Saudf 01 ! 
street. 7.45. 

-Brighthelm (tone. Confti 

: ■ 
-Bnsj Beee. Na 

Saviour's School, Farm- 

wHall, Broad-st. S.15 

M Hall. 7.30. 

on Hall,Vietoria-et8.15 


. VYare-rfl 

Excelsior. CLarles-street Bt 
Mamchestrr.— Tower of Refuge, Priiu. Mth. Sch., Upper Moss 

lane, Hulnu. 7 30. 
Man US9TKF..— Rev.Chas.t:-,,=u. L> -..Hev. iti-4.,Hlghtown. 7-45. 
Manc«esikh. - Good Samaritan. Cong; 8cJL,3tonkport-Fd. 7.30. 
Mar-atk.— J^le of Tlianet. Primitive Methodist School-room 
Newcasti.k-on-Tvm:, — Manors. Fiiends* School, Manor. 7.30. 
Newhaven. Guiding Star. Schooliccm, Chapol-stroet. 7.30 
Plymouth.— HcnryWhcel^r. Braid wood Institute Mutley. 7.30. 
FlymOOTH.— Temple of Peace. Borough Arms, Belford-street. 

Bath.— Ootterell. St. James's Miss. Rm., Newark -st, Old Bridge. 
Chester^— Octagon. Temperance Hall, Frodsh am -street. 
Eastbourne.— Star of Eastbourne, Loaf Hall. 
BBDEBBT (Leicester).— Charle, Brook. National School. 
Hull. — Always Activn. Lower Union-Street Club Room. 




ml, nigh-.t. 

Southampton.— Phren 
Southed d-on -Sea.— Nil I 
Stain e9. — Excelsior. Ci 
Si, LBowAana-OH-SKA.— 
Stone (Staffs.)— Faith and Ho 


Wisbech. -Clarkson Let-tun- ttoom Public HaU 

Bath.— Walcot Good Samaritan. Countess of Huntingdon's 

School-room, Vineyard. 
V.i ilmis r,n am. —Severn-street. Savem-street. 
BOLTON.— Claromoiit Bn r tist School. Bark--troet. 7.30. 
Burton-ON-Trent. Equal Rights. New Ternp. Hall, Unlon-st. 
CaoVr.ON PionFRr. Victoria C.ilb'. 1 Tav.-rn, '""liurch-strert. 
Exeter.— Matthew lh ■ " ■'"■ -' ' ■ Coif,. a Tavern. 

FoleRstohe.— Love and Unity. Coagregatlonal Sohool. 
GRAVESRNn.— Star of Grove e I U PnHl I Hall. 
Great Yarmouth.— Bethel. MaVineta' Chanel, Btb. 0'inv. 7 30 
Hereford. —Star of Hope. Prim. Meth. School-room, East-st. 
HoLL— Union, Templars' Sail, Poaterngftte. 
Leeds. — Nil Desperandum. Wintonn-afc. Sonlrm (off North-st.) 
Lri.'KsTra.— Einiiiiuel. Priar-lauc IJap'i I. Schoolroom. 
MANCHRSTGR.— City. G.T. Hall. S; iul-,- '.■■■■t, Piccadilly. 

SiTTlNonoiiRVL — ^afc/ard of Milton C.r, . ;. lv »rn, 7. 
Sl'Ai.DlNG.-Hanl in Hand. Temp. Hall, TlicCrc^ent. 8.15. 
St. Neots.— Star of St. Neot*. Wi-.loyan Dav -hool 
Storehouse (Devon),— Mount Edgourabo. Sailors' Welcome, 

Union -street. 
Portsmouth— Templars Alliance Seh.-rm., Victoria-st. 7.30; 
TauRo.— Guiding Star. Y. M. O. A., St. Mary-street. 7.30. 
Wimbledon.— Falmerston. St.Georgeu Hall, St. George's-road 

Hlackpool,— Gleam of Hope. Bap. Sch.-rm., Abingdon-st. 7.30 
Brighton.— Advance Guard, bewes Rd., Congl. Schl. Jim., 8.16. 
BRISTOL. Morning Star Temp;: ranee Hall. Jh-oad-strcafc. 7.45. 
liURT ST. Edmunds.— Star and Crown. Friends'Mtng. House. 815. 
Exeter.— Abraham Lincoln. D. and E Coffee Tav., 101, Fore-st., 
— Safeguard. Congregational School. 

Manchester.— Loyal It. Whit worth, 117, Grosvenor-streot, All 

Saints 7.45. 
Manchester, —Haven of Rest. Brit. Work iH&her Ormond-st. 

O. ou M. 7.45 
NEW MALDEM.-Sure Refuge. Bap. Cliap. Sch. -rm.,Kiugston-rd.7.30 
Plymouth.— Eliott,, Borough Arm', Bclford-streot. 
Sittisrboursk.— Trinity Star. Poubury-streit. 7.30. 
SouTiiPonr,— Montpolier. SPamperanoe Hall, London-st. 7.80. 

SUTTON.— Excelsior. U.r-'linll-ro .,] Schoulronm. 
TUNBRiii-iE \V::f,l, — :i|.. r -,t. n, x Friendly Society's Hall. 
Weymouth.— Hope of Weymouth. Teron Hall. Park-st. 7.30. 

Plymouth. Ark of Love. Hope Cliapel Sch- 

Belfast.— Erin's First. Mercantile Acan>my,OIenravel-st. Friday. 
Dublin.— St. Catherine's, Thomas Court. Tuesday. 
Dublin.— Crusado. Town Hall, Bothminee. Wednesday. 

DouaLAS.— Primrose. G. T. Hall. Fort-at., off Victoria-st. Mon 

Port or Hamburq.— Sailors' Institute. Tuesday. 

the address of the G.W.S.— ff. W, Winw>od ( I.O.G.T, Office 
Adelaide, S-A. 

Port or Spain.— "Trinidad." Tempi utt'HaUVfl -Oiii;e-^r,.Thar. 1 7p.m. 


Winnipeg.— Pride of West No. 1. Wesby Church, corner of 
, Roes and Nona-sfc. L.D., Bro. R. Wilkinson, 0, Gweudoliue-st 


Alexandria.— Advance. School-room, Ras-cl-lin. Mon., 7. 
Alexandria.— Hope. Sailors' Home, Marina. Saturday, 7. 
Colchester. — Stronghold oft-'i :--n> 1-nip. Inf. Sch .Camp. Wed. 8. 
DevonpoRT.— Ciler.-tAuda\-,«ior L /', iljin: lnivat He. S,Fore-?t 
EGriT.— Lome N.W. Black. Ha'mlch Rarra-t^. 
ShEeRsess.— Naval Excebior. lie'hd Sehrm., blue Town. 7.30. 
Shoebuiitnfss.— Hop.: ..f SlM-ohnrvne-s. Ilia, lira., High Street 

M M.'IA -K;e,.] i„r. i'ii-r-!, Mar.-aivta Hill. Wed. 7 p. in, 

*;■ wl-. - I,, ,, ■:, i i ,.,:. ■:„, ;., v 7. 

Old Bromfton.— Red, White and Hue, T ).'i.T Hall Sat. 
Winchi siiin — Garriaun SafeRaard. St. Maurice Hall, High-st. 7. 


contributions are thankfully 


Peep o' Day 


Flower nf the Dart 

King's Norton 

Albert Bond of Brotherhood 

Royal Rescue 

Young Crusaders 

Hope of Ilford 

Benjamin Whitworth 

Rutland Refuge 

Trinity Star 

Onward an 1 Upward 

St. Luke'-, West Holloway .. 

Star of Blackheath 

Margaret McCurrey 


Faitlilie, (box) 

Morning Star 

West C.dder Star 

Udston , 

Ldy of St. Leonards 

Caledonian Tln'stlo 

Dr. G. B. Longstatf 

W. Cookn 
T. Sandey 

Miss Alic 



A. Undei 
W. J. Jones 

A. Davidon 

Mrs. H. Clark 


Littlo Life Boat 

Our Hope 


Quay Band of Hope, Woodbridge 


Behivr- Lodgf, O.G.O.T.A.S.P. 
Bees of the Valley, Degree Temple ... 
Further contributions urgently needed, 
cards, books, and boxes may bo obtained 



) me. P.O. O. payable at 2it7, Camber well New 

Samuel R., 
non. Sec. 
ulet-road, Camberwell, London, S.E. 

J. H. KE 


Correspondents are requested to notice tho following instruc- 
tions in forwarding itomp of news. — 
No notice will bn taken of comrawucations unless accompanied 

by the name of the s- a-', r. 

Ab our Bpaee i^ limited we can only Insert a fete lines in re- 

li-i-c].-' ■ ■■■', :uvl are compelled therefore to exclude 

i i ■ i ii 'ii ■ r. ■!■■ it incialv tooal interest ; names 

■ii"' ", , n i.i pcMiiiv written. 

VI i ■ ■ ii. Tt mi-iars' Watchword, 3, Bolt-court, 

float- fcreet, bi d I m, H.O, 

cominuoication to tlio 

Correspondents will kindly forbear at this busy 
season. The G.E.S. deeires to acknowledge and reply to 
in detail, quite a number of letters from pohtica' corre- 
spondont^ whieh must remain unanswered over the com- 
ing Grand Lodge Session. 

Bro. Rostiottom is now open fur engagements to speak 
and sing —100, Pool Stock, Wigan, Lancas.— Advt. 

DEGREE. £3 2s. EACH. 

Fringes, Gimps, Braids, Stars, Tassels, 

Buttons, Letters, Rosettes, Embroidered 

Badges and Emblems, Pins, &e. 



122, Cliesapsulc, Loudon, E.C\ 

Entrance in Wood-street. 

April 6, 1885. 





This Offer Good till May 15th, 1885, Only, k 
£1000 IN CASH. 

tmacnifiornt oSere 

a reliable pnblisher. THIS IS A C3TAXCT: OF A LTFETILIE ?0E. s 
.NOWA1.L MAY lath, t 


: ..... 

FOR ONLY TWO SHILLINGS ' [MWt ray to you regularly ft "" 
ftlso Bead yon a printed cumV.. 

ne of the following 1 Mlseniflceat Presents : 


1 Cash Gift .n • - - • 

1 Cash Gift ■« . - - . 

10 C [-.>-! Gut: ! "'20 each - 

20 Cash Gifts ot , CIO each ■ 

5 Elegant \ -.-. 

. 7 pieces 200 

' Solid GolrlWiLfijiiiM. 

50 Bops" Silver Watches. £3 each • 

SOO Ca?h t r c ■■■:■.:. \ i;i c-;.cli - - *■ 

SOO Beautil 

: i lioi<-.'!-rai)h Albums 

ra^h Albums • • 

500 Beta Table t 

200 10O0 L:n 

nth (rum One tr» Two sw 

^.l^-TiUrs on MA.Y I5lu. 1U65, r...> i!.;i 
i THE HOUSEHOLD JOURNAL, -K ^, ,.■,,. ..n.l a bran nUd Present , 
1 MAY 15th. 1885. full partleul.ii ■ ■ 

.-..(I ; i i'i-.v.v:u-il''(l to ;<ll Subscribers, and ulso pni.ii ;,'■ .< i-i u. 


Ei;MEMi:;it!wi;NA!! i; .. ■■■' 

:" i'.i' United KiiiB-Jom. 1 !... 

■} , u .. : i 

I I 

kjosrsa or 1 the day. 

ExaCed, and tinted Cover. 

i JOURNAL. tmJ 6. 

. . i . Persons 

r '>'-.; c :t u'lpT, ( iii 'in • " ■ m r-. x wii 



two receipts lor Four ^ 
, post paid, anJ enclose a numbered receipt i 

■'; to join i 

EEMEMBI:?., v.. .!,! i!„ JOURNAL 
• caeli six im.i.Di:. . i;t, ■ i-iW'.io nt [!:■■ i>r.;l. niimbui y-i) receive. 


"one lime, we . ( for six month: 

i Eend Twenty Shillings alone time, wiihtlier 

. ■ ■ .i. thi 

' .,!■ r,;!i. ,- 
\ SRND MONEY h. u-^uro.l Uiu, ,t 1'..... ^ 

I Address— THE HOUSEHOLD JOURNAL, H.C. Edwards, Manager, 31, Bouverio St J 


c..a bo obtained, fl 


■ r ■■ . . i ; 


Temperance Hotels. 

JThree Lines 21s. pei -i nm. 10a.fld.nwr Line beyon 1 ! 

(LFRACOMBE.— losnita Pkivatk Rotbl 
InQ Establishment, the only ouo on strict Temperance 
priociplea. Note new Address, Blenheim House, overlooking 

oreBoent, W.O. Oomfortaljlo accommodation. Patronised by 
Q.L. Executive. Close to Euston, Bt,Pancras and King'eCrosB Ry3 

LONDON-— TitAHiEc's Tempbramcr Hotel, 9, Bridge 
water-square, Barbican, City, E.O., noar Aldorsgate-stree* 
Metropolitan Railway Station. Most central for business or 
pleasure; comfortable and hourly ; charges Btrictly moderate; 
Beds from In. 6tl. per night. Plain breakfast or tea, la. No 
chareo for attendant... li^t.-i-Misked 1859 



?08»essed of thin EEMEDT, Every Kan may »s 
All own Doctor. It may ba rubbed into Uu 
System, to as to rea:b. any internal Complaint, 
by tliese meana, it cures Sores or Ulcers in tb< 
THEOAT, 8T01IACH, LIVER, SPINE, or ftthvs 
Parts. It is an infallible comedy Ui IS&D LEGS 
BAD BREASTS, Contracted or Stiff Joint., GOUT, 
RHEUMATISM, and all kinds >! Skin 





Xi warranted to cleauso the blood from oil impnritioe horn what 
over cause arising. For Scrofula, Bcurvy, aores of all kinds. 
Skin and Blood Dueasea, its gllecte ara marvollouB. Thousands ol 
tertimonials from ail parts. Iu bottles. 2s. U 1. each, and in oanti 
of six times the quantity, 11b. each, of all Chemists. Sent to any 
address for S3 or 132 stamps by the Proprietors, The LiNCOLS 
aid Midland Cotjntlkb' Drug Compaht. Lincoln, 

Bale Prices, at J.Moore's, Buxton-rortl, Hu'ddcTstk-M. I'liiv, 
with Drawings of every instrument, post free. Music for airy 
kind ol Hand. Banamen's Cups. Patronised by the Auny. 

Navy, and Ritle Corps, Second-hand inatiumeiits bought or 
aktiiin TTohange. 


Twenty-fonr Words and under ,.,ls. > p aE i. iID 

For every Six Words Additional Cd.J 

Rkductiow3 on a scries of iusortions as follows : 
tS insertions as 10 36 as 21 ; 52 as 40. As theao Advertisi 
menta aro inserted at sp.?ciaUy low ratee Rcmittaneo mue 
ceo mp any Order. 

BANNERS (Processional). Bannerettes and Flags, on 
Sale, Hire, or to Order.— Apply, LECiO and Co., Practical 

Bannt:-r PainUT.-i, Blriuinu-ham. 1'rice lists free. 

REGALIA, Gold Lace Fringe, && ; business to be 
dispo.-cd of piivatclv ; suit in u.o 1 > _■ r ruvl .vifo, I.0.9-T. — 
For full partiful.iiv, addiv.^, He.?ali:i, Watchwobd Office, Bolt- 

PI ANOFORTE.— Upright Tron I ! rand(JustinBrowne); 
cost TO guiuta? ; just iv.'\v ; Will -ell at on?e for £>9 10s. — 
E.P.M., IDS, Charles-street, stepaey, E, 

neat box serving cither as iH't'.'s or :i f.unii ,■ Lame, with a copy of 
"The Abstainer's Hand Book" of si p:ises sent post free on 
receipt of 13 stamps, by Messrs. Wilkins and Ellis, Di-rby. 


In Boxes at la. ljd., 2a- 9L, 4s. fM„ and lis. 






2d. c;vcb, or 3 for'4d. ; G for Cd. : 13 for la. ; i dozen Rr 
2s. Cd. ; 8 dozen for is. Cd. 

This Ribbon, with twowhitestripesadded, is indicati.-o 
of Anti-Smukingr Good Tempbry, and is sold at tU 
same pi-ice. 

New Cabinet, Portraits of Dm. Joseph Malins, 
R.W.U.T., Is. each ; carte do visite, Cd. each. 



Is Em at li. lid., Zi. Sd., «:. td., and 111. 










CORNS AND BUN IONS. -A gentleman, many 
years tormented with Corns, will be happy to afford 
to others the information by which he obtained their 
complete removal in a short period, without pain or incon- 
venience. Forward address on a titainped envelope to C. 
J. l'otta, Esq., Ware, Herts. Tliis is no quack imposture. 

Registered— No. 3S4.C15. 
Produced solid in Dronze, Eloctm gilt, Ste ling Silver, 
Gold, and finished in the best style of workmanship. To 
Agents in Lodges ordering Nor less than one dozen 
a discount at the rate of 2s. in the pound will bo allowed. 
Bronze Pendant, Pin or Brooch, 7d. ; Electro-gilt do., 
Od. ; Sterling Silver do., Is. id. : Double-faced Silver 
Pendant, 2s. fid. ; Double-faced Gilt Silver Pendant, 
3<. !ld. : Gold (!) carat) Pendant, Pin, or Brooch, 13s. Cd.; 
Gold (10 carat) do., 18s. Cd. 
New Fancy Silver Pendant mounted on Blue Enamel, 3a. 


T J-T P 1 



This, which takes the place of the Juvenile White 
Regalia, consists of a specially made blue worsted material 
with a white strips. On the left side is attached a 
Coventry silk-woven globe badge, with the letters 
"I.O.G.T." The whole is finished off with the new 
metal official seal, The grand Lodge of England being 
the sole makers, the price 13 brought down to 
8d. each, or 63. per dozen. 

SUH-LODGE OFFICERS. (12 to the set.) 

Scarlet Merino : — Narrow gimp, badge rosette3, 23s. the set. 

Scarlet French Merino: — Gold gimp, purple silk velvet, badges* 
star, rosettes, and buttons, £2 the sot. 

Scarlet Cashmere :— Full trimmed gimp, velvet, badges 
Prince of Walca' featbem on embroidered ornament ro ; eius 
£2 10s. tbo Kt. 

Scarlet French Merino :— iin. fierured oris laco, gold braid, 
plated letters ou purple velvet b -nitre; gilt plume oa velvet 

idge ; rosettes and Sin. tassels, £3 tbe set. 

Scarlet French Merino :— lin. li-ured oris lace, gold braid, 
two stars, plated letters on purple velvet badge; rosettes, and 
tassi.13, £t the set. 


(rurple, with Scarlet Collarette, M to the set.) 

Porple French Merino, Scarlet Collarette :— Jin. fieurcd oris 

laee, l;oK1 braid, 1 star, -1 gilt |dume?, silver silk wo\cn letter?,, 

rosettt'5, and Sin. tassels, £5. 

Purple Velvet, with Scarlet Velvet Collarette, Jin. gold lace. 
Hm. gold fringe, eilvcr silk woven letter?, silk lined, rosettes 
and3iu. lasscl^, £•>. 

Scarlet Frouch Merino:— 1 row gold Russian braid, pla 

■ gold gimp, silver plated let- 

letters, oUlcial seals, 20s. 

Scarlet Fronch Merino j — 1 : 
ters, official teals, 25s. 

Scarlet French Merino:— Best gimp, silver plated letters on 
purple velvet badges, official Eoals 3Us. 

Sets for Senior Temples, made larger, and charged 3s. per set 

Superintendents Regalia, 5s. ; 7s. Cd. each. 
Regalia Boxes. -Tin ca=e. wtfh look and key, 4-.; cloth 
bos, liued, <tc, 5s. Od. and 7s. W. 

New Metal Rosette.— The witUoriBed substitute for 

ribbon iro.--elt-, on tbe ivgalia nf .'-nb-L.,,^,. JK-mbrr?, and 
Juvenile niu.:ein ami MuihIms, It is a representation o 
theaealof the R.W.G.I.. ol the World; is made In vellow 
metal from a handaome .lie', and is a cheap, neat, and 
din-able ornament. Price 3d. each, or Is. yd. per dozen, 
post free. 

White Metal Letters for any regalia, 2d. each, or la. 9J. per 
Silver Silk Letters for any regalia, 4d. each, or 3s. 6d. per 


Grand Lodge Offices, 



April 6, 1885. 


Many scores of lively, cheiry, bright, entertaining;, 
mirth-provoking Stories will be found in 



Which is full of Humorous Illustrations by the 
best irtists. Post Free from Dr. R 0( J^?' 
Scarborough, England, Author of the " ANTI- 




Is peciallv recommended by several eminent Phyaiciana 
and by DR. ROOKE, Scarborough, author of the " Anti- 

It has been used with tho most signal success lor 
Asthma, Bronchitis, Consumption, Coughs, Influenza, 
Consumptive Ni^ht Sweats, Spitting of Dl..ud. ShortnesB 
of Breath, and all Affections of tlie Throat and Chest. 

Sold in Bottles, at Is. 9d., 4s. Cd., and lis. each^ by all 
respectable Chemists, and wholesale by JAMES M. 
CROSBY, Chemist, Scarborough. 

«5T Invalids Bhould read Crosby's Prize Treatise on 
"Diseases of the Lungs and Air- Vessels," a copy of 
which can be had Gratis of all Chemists. 






I. Q.G. T. 



Begs to call the attention of the public to his 
splendid stock of 


Of all the Latest Designs, 

Direct from tho Manufacturer, at the Lowest Cash 


Overcoats to Order. All wool and shrunk, fromjEl 15s. 

Made on the Premises, at the Shortest Notice. 

8, southanTpton row. 

(Four doors from Holborn, W.C.) 





A Temperance Play in Two Acts, 

Five Characters. 
Price 4d. POST FREE. 


3, Bolt-court Fleet-street EC, 







LtW lw b ask you to send them 2s., 
either in stamps or postal orders, and you 
will receive ONE POUND of splendid 
TEA. This magnificent Tea is good 
enough for the Queen to drink it is so 
good. Lewis's now sell 4,0001b. of Tea 
a day to persons who call for the Tea 
and take it away, so that in sending you 
this Tea, carriage paid, at 2s. a pound, 
Lewis's lose the expense of carriage, 
which is about 6d. a package. Lewis's 
bear this great loss because they wish 
to make their tea known in every 
household in the United Kingdom. 
When you have tasted Lewis's extra- 
ordinary tea, you will be sure to order 
more, and recommend it to your friends. 
Send the 2s. in stamps, or in postal 
orders, aud address your letter to Lewis 
and Co., Ranelagh Street, Liverpool. 
(Please mention this paper.) 



Analytical Kepon trow UMiui.- Bustuci. hsu... i-.O.S., F.A.3., 
Umcli' ■ "I hirvo nialo a careful ©.lamination ot 
ili:CKliTrS BEVERAGES. I llml them perfectly pure, and 
free from anything deleterious to health ; they are iion-intoxica- 
tine, aihl form pleasant and iuYiuor.ttuir drinks. The LIME, 
Fruit Strop, Bum CmtnANT, Haspderrt, Lr.uou, Orakois- 
tc, mako capital Summer Drinks mixed with either plain or 
.■crater! water. Tho ' Wolseiei Licjoecr ' Wixterimc, Gin- 
gerettk, and PEi-rERMtNT Cordials are excellent substitutes 
for Brandvnicl "tier -iniits. "hi t the abundant medical tea- 
itmonv lnfoyour of BUCK BIT'S TONIC DUISKS-StKup Op 
Oiukos akd Quinine, Lime and Quinine, and Steup or Uora 
- is a -utticient euaninteo >f their valuable properties 

" I have prescribed Beckett's Svmp , .finance and Quinine as 
an el, >uut substitute for Bitter leer lor the la-t ten years." 

Nul'.UAS KbliR, F.s.|., MO., F.L.S., London. 
November 8th, 1879. 
Plllta Is. 0,1 (s, at fol -0 tuinbl, i-'l, half-pilita, 1«. 

SPF.CIAL— A sample bottle o! any of the Fruit Drinks sent 

carri.e.'., paid to any address for nine stamps: two pints, 4s. ; 

..ix pints, 10s. lid. Tonics-ill hollies, Is. 3d.. Is. tnl., and 8s; 

e-nuco paid on any ,|iiantitv forcd. additional. 


W. BECKETT, Hey wood, Manchester. 

Sold by Chemitts, Orocert, Confection*™, aiirf Citftt Taverm Co 


In every Town, Village, and Hamlet In our land to 
push the Sale of 


?ov the speedy production of an agreeable Temperance Beverego 
for all tUe ye ir r ound. 


"pure " as thd day's li^'Ut. 


beverage, and in lac highest degree 
pain tub o. 


"If you want drink your iieirts to cheer, 
Yet keep your ernuiurus cool ami clear ; " &c. 

Wholesale Agent for Hampshire and Isle of Wight, Bro W. 

JAS. SIMMONS, 32, Commons St., Kingston, Portsmouth. 

One Bottle, Poet free, Nine Stamps, from 

R. W. RAINE, P.W.C.T., L.D., &c, &C 


Middleton-in-Teesdale, Oo. Durham. 

R. W. RAINE will be clad to hear from any Good Templar 

Brother wishful to take an Aecncy for '■ Gingor Cordial 

it is profitable. 

— Established 1851. 

BIRKBECK BANK.— Southampton Buildings, 
Chancery Lane. 

repayable on demand. 

calculated on the i 
below £50. ... .,. 

The Bank undertakes for its customers, free of churn, the 
custody of Deeds, Writings and other Seourl 
the collection of Bills of bxcha.w, Dividends and Coupons; sod 
the Purchase and Sale of Stocks. Shares, and Annuities. 
L, It, is i,i' idit mi, 1 Circular Notes issued. 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full particulars, post 
app ca ion. rRA;N - CI3 RAVENSCP.OFT, Manager. 


necessitous Orphan Childieii of Total Abstainers Contributions 
earnestly solicited. Collecting 
ho obtained from tho Hon. £ 
road, Camherwell, S.E. 

The Blrkbeck Building Society's Annual Receipts 
exceed Five Millions. - rn 

UVINKJS PER MOXT1I, with iiomeili.itc I',.- 
and no rent to pay Apply al the Office of the BIRKBECK 
BUILDING SOCIETY, 29, Southainptou-boildiugs, Chancery 


ll FIVE SHILLINGS PER MONTH, with immediate 

Posses-ion, either lor l.uildinc or Gardening purposes. Apply 
at the Office of the BlilKBECK FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY, 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full particulars, ou 

app ica ion. FRANCIS RAVBNSCRQI T, Manager. 

4 & O H "V M INT S FOR, 3d. 

Tt , ,, ,., the I ai „ .1 tie- 1 l„ ip, I Tuiipeiame, leiu.l ot Hop, I '■ M einplat and bloc ItiM Ill, ,1 S,,,:- Book is 


TWhSt DTodiitthoi of \\ i itci-, i ■out i it one .'.a 1 [viiins, no RnniuK :;:. ('Ices. 1"- euic.'S. biibli-lied m 11 editions, 

lue DK p with Mil. ici t tutlous. fioin3d. to :,s. each. 

peclmens free for Six Stamps from G- . H . GRAHA JVt , JVT A I P S T O JT E . 

Fenninga' Chiidrei 

ent Convulsions, 



For Children Cutting their Teeth to prevent Convulsii 
,t coutain Calomel, Opium, Merphia, or anything inji 

(great saving) with full fxj 





Sent post free 

in ,1 " ort '-'- -' 

fi] valuable hints of Feeiing, Tf"' — 
your Chemist tor a FREB copy 

S Sold in Boxes at Is. IJd. ur.d 2s. 9d., with direc- 
t0 g tions. Sent post frei for l itamps. Direct to 

The largest size Boxes, 2s. 9d. (35 stamps, post free) 

contain three times the quantity of the small boxes. 

BOOK, which contains q Read FENNINGS' EVERYBODY'S DOCTOE. 

thing. Weaning, Sleeping, &c. Ask !* Sent post free, _ 13 stamps. 

West Cowes, I.W. 

Direct A. Fessi.ngs, 

FENNINGS' E7ERT MOTHER'S BOOK sent post free on application by letter or 
it card. Direct to Alfred Fennings, West Oowes, LW. 


Printed by the National Press 



O.S2] or LEii ,i^ 



like bottled" alo, without tho trouble of boiling herbs. One 
table-spoonful makeB one gallon. The EXTRACT is prepared 
from the above well-known herbs, gathered when In full bloom, 
all of wbleh are so popularly known to make a wholesome, 
cooling, and refreshing drink. Sold in bottles at 6d., Is., '2s., 
and 6s. each.— Sole Proprietors, and may be obtained Wholesale 
only frem 

NEWBALL & MASON, Chemists. 10, Derby Roaa 


SPECIAL — A eample bottle, enough to make four gallons, 

sent carriage paid to any address for 9 stamps. Sold by Grocers, 

Ac.; if not in stock they will procure it for yon. Agents wanted* 

Ageucy, Limited, 13, Whitefriars-street, Fleet-street, E.C. ; and published by John Kempster & Co., 3, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.'London.E.C— 

Monday, April 6, 1885. 

T#E° GOOD ^E»M#S' (55^ 



Peinciples . — Total 
bBtinence, by life - long 
pledges, and the absolute 

prohibition of the manufacture, importation, and sale good, rather than receive benefit. 

of intoxicating liquors. ^ Terms op Membebship ._ a smaU Entrance Fee 

Policy. — Broad, allowing Lodges to act according and Quarterly Subscription, 

to locality, time, and circumstances. Eligibility .-Both sexs are admitted and are 

Basis. — Non-beneficiary, the object being to do eligible for office. 

Vol. XII. No. 586. PMk*] MONDAY, APRIL 13, 1885. [^V] One Penny. 

ui'.I where none 
or, if found, 
' at its side, 

i ourselves, that thu 
noderate ills, 


By Helen Briston. 

"But what is this ? I turn about, 
I find a trouble in thine eye, 
Which makes me sad, I know not why, 
Nor can my dream resolve the doubt." 

— Tennyson 
" In such a world, so thorny, 
Finds happiness unblighted 
Without some thistly sorroi 
It seems the part of wisdom 
Against the law of love, to i 
With less distinguished tha 
We may with patience bear 
And sympathise with others suffering 

— Cowper. 
When Mary rose next morning she was unrefreshed 
by sleep, and it wa3 with great inward trembling 
that she contemplated the stern duty which lay before 
her. Bat outwardly she was calm, for she felt that 
much devolved upon her. 

When she was dressed she went straight to Hetty's 
room. The latter looked out from behind the curtains 
with a happy smile. 

"I expect you are surprised to find me not up, Miss 
Bailey, but I have a little headache this morning — 
only a very little one— and besides that, I feel very 
idle, unusually so. Will you indulge me to breakfast 
in bed ? " 

"Oh, yea, Hetty, dear, of course." Mary hesitated. 
Should she break the aad news now ? Hetty had a 
headache, and if it were told the suggested breakfast 
would, she knew, be refused. Should she not rather 
leave her in blissful ignorance until she was rested 
and refreshed ? But she could not speak to her gaily 
remembering the trouble which had already come 
upon her, although she knew it not, so with a word or 
two of endearment she left her, and went down to 

Maggie and George met her at the foot of the stairs 
with happy faces (for Maggie had lost her old unhap- 
piness in trying to do small things aright) and Mary 
felt that for them also she must grant a respite ; soon 
enough their joy would bo clouded over ; for one hour 
longer she would withhold the intelligence that would 
send a quick feeling of sorrowful shame into their 
young hearts. 

Mr. Fernley saw by his daughters' manner, as they 
chatted over the moruing meal, that they knew 
nothing of the previous night's occurrences, and he 
was perfectly satisfied that they should be told when 
and how Miss Bailey thought best. He noticed Mary's 
Calm bearing and thought her fortitude was striking. 
Bit then he reminded himself that Roland was of no 
interest to her, save as his trouble might affect Hetty. 
Indeed, almost anyone else, who had met with such 
treatment from him as Miss Bailey had would not 
have been likely to feel even pity for him, when his 
own folly involved him in Berious difficulties, and if 
she felt this, it could be little more that she felt, be- 
yond anxiety about Hetty. But Mr Fernley judged 
wrongly. Though her first thought* when 

she heard the sad story had been, "I 
will Hetty bear it ?" she had had feelii 
too, of the greatest compassion for the culprit, and 
nob for one moment did her mini dwell upon his 
slighting treatment of her. This she had never in any 
way resented, it had troubled her but little. There 
only one way in which Roland had kindled to some 
degree her indignation against him, that was in pres^ 
sing temptation upon Charlie. But even this was for- 
gotten now ; the tempter himself had been tempted, 
and had yielded > and Mary's one feeling was of sor 

Mr. Fernley scarcely spoke a word while he sat at 
the table, but as this silence on his part was not 
unusual, it produced no impression upon the girls 
minds. At last they rose, and with a pang, Mary 
realised that the short respite was over. The ti 
must be told. She was turning to go upstairs 
Hetty's room, for she decided that the hardest part of 
her painful task would be best performed first — w 
a cab dashed up the street, and an instant after 
the doorbell mug loudly. It startled Hetty from 
comfortable slumber in which she was indulging just 
before getting up, and she wondered what could have 
brought such an impatient visitor on Sunday. Then, 
her thoughts travelled to Roland. It was just such a 
ring as he gave if he were in a hurry. Yes, surely it 
was Roland. 

No, it was not Roland. He would never again cross 
that threshold, the eyes that had been wont to watch 
for his coming would brighten no more at his ap- 
proach. And the heart that had throbbed with joy as 
his footstep was heard, would never again feel those 
sweet pulsations. How suddenly come upon us those 
great changes in our life's history that turn joy into 
sorrow, and sorrow into joy. One hour we are the 
gayest of the gay, the next oar heads and hearts are 
bowed in anguish. 

" Life is a drama of a few brief acts, 
The actors shift, the scene is often changed ; 
Pauses and revolutions intervene. 
The mind is set to many a varied tune, 
And jarsand plays in harmony by turns." 
No, it was not Roland, for Roland was no more. 
Early that morning Francis Came had set out in the 
hope of seeing him. He had had a restless night, 
filled with evil dreams concerning him, and he felt 
strangely anxious to hear the well-known voice repeat 
careless wordsabout "coming outall right," which 
had been sent as a message to Hetty. Even though 
he knew there could be no ground for such a belief 
he would have been glad to hear them, and to know 
that Roland himself still refused to despair. But alas; 
Roland was powerless to speak such words I 

On finding himself lodged in a small, close cell, his 
fury had all returned. The disgrace, the indignity of 
such treatment stirred him deeply, and, together 
th the intoxicating liquor he had indulged 
so freely during the evening, nearly maddened him. 
Loudly disclaiming any guilt himself, and complaining 
bitterly of those who had insisted upon his being 
given up to justice, he rushed wildly baokwards and 
forwards in the small ppice allowed him, until the 
words suddenly died upon his lips, a strange feeling 
came over him and he fell to the ground. When 
Francis inquired whether he coald see his friend he 
received for answer thedrcadful intelligence that when 

breakfast had been taken to the prisoner an hour 
before, he had been found lying upon the floor, quite 
dead. Unkuown to himself, Roland had inherited 
from his father a disposition to heart disease, and the 
great and continued excitement had done its work. 

It was Dr. Hall, not Franois Caine, who, a little 
time after, hailed a cab and ordered the driver to tike 
him to M-. Fernley 's house as speedily as p^snble, for 
the former sat almost stupefied in his bedroom 
at the hotel, and seemed incapable of action. 
The blow had been terribly sudden, and his strength — 
both mental and phyeicil— was at a very low ebb. Dr. 
Hall hesitated a little about leaving him, he seemed 
to stand as much in want of help and comfort as any- 
one, but it was necessary that the news should be 
conveyed to the Fernleys as soon as possible. He 
came back to Francis for a moment before starting, 
and urged him whatever he did not to touch a drop of 
any drink till he returned, and gained a listless sort of 
promise from him that he would not. 

While Hetty lay still, wondering what had brought 
Roland at so early an hour, the door opened softly, 
and Miss Bailey came in and sat down on the side of 
the bed. 

" Oh, Miss Bailey, is anything the matter ? " cried 
Hetty, for there was that in Mary's face which 
frightened her. 

"Yes, Hetty ; will you try to be quite calm if I tell 
you what it is?'* 

"I will try, but 13 it about Roland?" Ah, the 
tender heart knew whit it had to fear mo3t. 

" Yes, Hetty ; " and Mary put her arm round the 
girl, as if to support her daring the coming trial. 
" Can you bear to hear it ? " 

The answer was in the affirmative, but it was 
tremulously given, and Mary deemed it wiser t) re- 
late only the first part of the story, and not to dwell 
upon the darkest side of that. 

" Oh, ray poor, poor Roland," moaned Hetty, wring- 
ing her hands, while the scalding tears poured down 
her cheeks, " whatever will he do?" 

Mary made no answer, but she kept her arm round 
her. Presently Hetty checked her tears, and lifted he 
head to ask, 

" What does he say about it ? Did he send me any 

Mary's voice faltered, but she made a great effort to 
spe^k steadily. 

" He did send a message, Hetty, to the effect that 
you were not to trouble, as it would be sure to come 
outall right." 

A little ray of hope shewed itself in Hetty's face as 
she put the next question, " Do you think it will be all 
right, and that he will be let off easily?" 

"You don't answer me, Miss Bailey I You don't 
think it then. Oh, dear I " and the hopeful expres- 
sion faded. 

The door opened again, and George ran hastily into 
the room with streaming eyes. 

Miss Bailey, it can't be true that — " 
Hush 1 " said Mary, with a warning glance to- 
wards Hetty. The latter caught the look, and knew 
in an instant that there was more yet to tell. 

" Oh, don't— don't keep it from me," she cried, " I 
must know the whole truth. Is Roland ill? Is he 
dead ?" 

" My darling, darling Hetty, try to bear it," said 


April 13, 1W6. 

Mary, finding that she could no longer disguise the real 
facts. " You can never see him again in this lite.'' 

A wild scream burst from Hetty's lips, and anot 

and another. Then she lay quite etill for a time.BO still 
that che might have been dead. When, with greal 
difficulty she had been roused from this alarming con 
dition, she had fit after fit of violent hyst'-rics. Mary 
was very glad to have recourse to Dr. Hall in all this 
trouble, and he could not refuse help under such 
circumstances, so that it was not until afternoon that 
he began to think of returning to Caiue. 

"Mary," he said, as she followed him downstairs, 
"you will need to be very careful with that girl. 
Keep her as quint as possible,'* 

11 What are you afraid of, Dr. Hall? " 

"Her reason; that might suffer. But it may not 
be so serious as that. The gr<ac thing is to keep her 
perfectly quiet. And call in your own doctor unless 
there is a change for the better before night." 

Dr. Hall remrned to his hotel— the same one in 
which Roland's fatal act had been committea — as 
speedily \s po-sible. He ma<'e his way to the room in 
which he had left Caine, thinking that probably he 
would still be there, alone with his grief, 

Francis was alone, but there was no grief upon his 
countenance. He sat by a tittle table, a half-empty 
bottle beside him, and a glass in his hand. This he 
was holding before him, regarding it with a vacant 
smile that sat ill upon such a face as his, and he 
seemed to be addressing the bright stuff it contained, 
for he was talking in maudlin words of doing away 
with care, and having the greatest enjoyment that was 
to be had in the world. 

The glass touched his lips — that was all, for Dr. 
Hall came behind him, and seizing his arm, took it 
from his grasp. Caine started up angrily. 

"Fool I What are you doing ? Give me that back, 
give me it, I say." But he cotld not stand, and sank 
down again into his chair, mattering to himself. 

To reason with a drunken man is an act of pure 
folly, and Dr. Hall possessed sound common-sense. He 
did not attempt the slightest remonstrance; with a 
determined hand he removed the bottle also, nor 
heeded in the least the angry indignant words hurled 
at him for so doing. His only rebuke was the calm, 
steady gaze with which he regarded the delinquent, 
and beneath that gaze, Caine gradually became quiet, 
until after a time he managed to walk across the room 
to the bed, and throwing himself upon it sank into a 
drunken slumber. 

When he awokt next morning he was still in the 
same position, and a moment's reflection brought to 
his mind some knowledge of the state in which he hac 
been found by Dr. Hall. He could not remember the 
circumstances distinctly ; but he knew that when 
left to himself he had grown more and more miserable, 
his thoughts had become intolerable to him, and 
without much resistance he had given way 
to the tempter He remembered how the gloom had 
passed with the first draught of brandy, and how he 
had sat at the little table on the other side of the 
room, drinking down greedily the burning liquid. 
Then there had been a sudden turning of the handle 
of the door, a firm hand tiad removed both glass and 
bottle, and he had drunk no more. It must have been 
Dr. Hall who had come in upon him so suddenly, and 
put an end to his feverish en joy ment.Tben he had broken 
Ms word to his best friend, and nisgraced himself for 
ever in his sight. And it really was no use for him to 
try to keep from the drink. In an indirect way it 
had killed Roland, and in a more direct way, though 
it might take a longer time to do, it would kill him. 
Yesterday he had battled hard against it, but he had 
met only with defeat, and he would make no further 
effort, for it was quite useless. He seated himself 
dejectedly by the window, thinking that presently he 
would go downstairs, and get something to refresh 
him. Something that would take away this dreadful 
depression I 

But the door opened, and Dr. Hall entered. 

" Caine," he Baid, kindly, approaching him as if he 
observed no languor nor despondency in his looks, 
"how are you this morning ? Have you breakfasted 

" No, sir, not yet," replied Caine, moodily, thinking 
it hardly worth while to explain that he had of late 
ignored the early meal entirely. 

"Neither have I, Then we will go and have it 
together, shall we?" 

"Thank yon, I cannot eat anything this morning. 
I am sensible of your kind intentions, Dr. Hall," Caine 
went on in a slightly altered tone, "but it is not worth 
your while. You will do better to leave me to go my owu 
way at once; it is the way I must go sooner or later." 

"No. Caine, it isnot your way.'* replied Dr. Hall, 
with moistening eyes, " it is the devil's way, and you 
must turn round and come straight back again." 

" It is easy to talk," said Caine,with some impatience 
in his voice. " Can't you see that I haven't the power 
to turn 1 I'm in the devil's hands already, ani I feel he 
is toos r rong forme." 

"One is stronger. ' Resist the devil, and he will fle<* 
from vou,' the old Book says. Shall we not believe it V 

" What of yesterday ? I did resist ; it was useless. 
No, Dr. Hall, I feel it is only a matter of time, and I 
may as well give in first as last." 

"Oh, Caine, that is not how you would have talked 
in your Berndale days. You were full of hope then. 

Shall we have those days over again ? Go back with 
me to Berndale, yon will be stronger there than here, 
and we will forget all that has come between us." 

Caine hesitated. He was touched by Dr. Hall's 
words, and still more by his tone. Yes, ho would 
have been glad to go if he had felt it wouM be of any 
uBe, but wherever he went he had no strength to re.-ist 
temptation, and he would not choose Berndale as the 
place in which his ruin should be completed. It was 
better that it should be in this crowded city, where 
hundreds perished daily,apparently nncared for and un- 
wept. Why should he perish in the spot that had 
once been to him the fairest and happiest on earth 1 

Dr. Hall watched his face, but it told little of the 
thoughts within him. Only a half-wistful expression 
came into his sunken eyes for a moment, and then the 
old despondency returned in full force. He sat down 
again upon the chair from which he had risen on Dr. 
Hull's entrance, and leant his head upon his hand 
without speaking. 

" Caine. my dear fellow," eaid the kind voice once 
more, "you know how lonely my home is. Once I 
told you all my heart, told you how I lost what I loved 
best — but enough of that. In the few months you 
were in Berndale you won my affections. I have never 
felt coldly towards you even when I raightappear vexed. 
I would have been to you as a father, if you would 
have let me. And now must I leave you to pursue 
this fatal course, and go back to the solitude of my 
own homo, knowing that yon refused to let me help 
you ? It is hard on an old man, and I am fast getting 
that now, Promise me at least a few weeks' visit." 

" Yes, I will," said Francis, rising up suddenly, and 
holding out his hand to Dr. Hall. "lam not quite 
hardened enough to give yon needless pain. Your 
words are too kind. I only wonder that you do not go 
and leave me to my fate. 

" You will not ask me to do that again 1 You will 
go with me instead ? " 

"Have you heard how Hetty Fernley bore your 
news ? " asked Caine, suddenly awaking to the fact 
that he had asked no questions about Dr. Hall's visit 
to the Fernleys. 

"I have been there this morning," replied that 
gentleman gravely. " She is, for the present, beside 
herself, I anticipate a long illness, and that may not 
be the worst. 

Oh, dear I " was all Caine said, but he shaded his 
s with his hand for a moment,and turned towards 
window. Roland's fate was a truly lamentable 
, but he hail brought it upon himself, and the 

rid at least would censure while it pitied ; but for 
Hetty, gentle, innocent Hetty, who suffered only 

rough her great love, there could be bat one feeling 

the hearts of those who knew her — the tenderest 

And thoughmuchis said of pity andsympatby find- 
ing their way into quarters where they are least de- 
served, in this instance they were rightly directed. 
{To he continued.') 


West Hartlepool. — At the annual meeting of the 
Local Temperance Society, held last week, it was de- 
cided, after a long discussion, to confer with other 
Temperance bodies in the borough and division of the 
county as to the steps that would be needful to insure 
proper representation at the next general eltction, 
and to ascertain the views of all candidates on Tem- 
perance questions. 
Oxford. — The Tempeiance Electoral Association 
tving written to the selected candidates for the city, 
asking their views on the Temperance question, Mr. 
C. A. Fyffe, the Liberal candidate, states his inten- 
tion to support Local Option and Sunday Closing, 
the latter of which he considers will be an advantage 
to every clas* in the community, and to none more 
than to that large body of licensed victuallers whom, 
under the existing state of the law and trade competi- 
tion, it deprives of the quiet and privacy of the day 
f rest. Mr. A. W. Hall, who is a large brewer, replied 
that his opinions on the Temperance subject were still 
unchanged. At a meeting of the local Temperance 
leaders on Wednesday night, it was resolved to support 
the candidature of Mr. Fyffe, 

A Barrister Mulcted.— Edmund Peters, con- 
ductor of a Favorite omnibus, was charged at the 
Westminster Police-court on Monday with re "using 
and neglecting to carry Mr. John Henry Brougham 
Vivian, barrister, of Lincoln's-iun, on the 28th of last 
n.onth, there being room in the said carriage, aud 
further with assaulting Mr. Vivian.— The plaintiff 
s-ated that on the day in question he wished to 
travel by the defendant's 'bus at Victoria-street, but 
he refused to carry him, pushed him off the step, and 
he fell on his face in the road. The defence was that 
the complainant was very drnnk, that a dozen con- 
ductors had refused to carry him on that day, as tbey 
bad Indies in their vehicles, and that altogether he 
was quite unfit to travel in a public vehicle. — Wit- 
nesses having been called, the magistrate eaid it 
quite clear that the conductors were perfectly 
justified in their refusal to carry a drunken and 
disagreeable fare. He dismissed the case, with £2 2s. 



The committee call the attention of members of 
Lodges to the urgent necessity of at once forming 
Crystal Palace F^te Clubs, and by a system of weekly 
payments to promote the success of this national Tem- 
peiance gathering. We are convince! (and so is our 
G.W.C.T.,Bro.Malins) that the morezealously these clubs 
are promoted, the greater will be the attendance. At 
the next session of each Lodge let this subject be brought 
forward, and a small committee appointed for thy 
purpose of immediately starting a club — the com- 
mittee to solicit our friends in kindred societies to 
join with them (or start one of their own). AIbo by 
means of small bills invite all friends of Temperance 
and the public in general to contribute weekly sub- 
scriptions, and bring them with you. and let them 
rejoice with us in the pleasures of a sober 
holiday. The subscriptions to these clubs must 
of course vary according to the distance to 
be travelled to the Palace. Excursion trains at the 
lowest possible rates will be promoted by all the 
companies. Will our Metropolitan brethren also take 
this matter np, for although their attendance at the 
fetes has beeu very good in the past, there can be no 
reason why we should not have an attendance of 
50,0U0 from London and its suburbs 1 I am willing 
aud waiting to open np a correspondence and assist, to 
the best of my ability, anyone who de-ires to help us. 

The hon. sec. will be glad to have a copy of all 
Good Templar programmes or quarterly guides, with 
the number of circulation, date of next issue, and the 
lowest price for an advertisement on inside and out- 
side paves. 

Choir regulations have been despatched to every 
Lodge, Temple, and Band of Hope in the Metro- 
politan District, and to all provincial Bands of Hope, 
Temperance Societies, and Good Templar Lodges, 
whose postal address the hon. sec. could obtain ; any 
who may not have received a copy, and desiring to 
send a contingent (however small) to join either choir, 
should without delay commuuicate with the hon. sec. 
by whom the forms have been issued. Other inquiries 
respecting choir arrangements should be addressed to 
the hon. conductor, Bro. G. W. Williams, 101, Antill- 
road, Grove-road, Bow, E. 

Temperance Choir Contest. 

Adjudicator: J. S. Curwen, Esq., M.R.AM., President 

of the Tonic Sol-Fa College. 

First prize, £16, with silver modal to conductor, 
and music to value of £5.* 

Second prize. £8, with eleotro silver medal to con- 
ductor, and music to value of £3.* 

Third prize, £4, with bronze medal to conductor, 
and music to value of £2.* 

Each choir will be required to sing W. H. Birch's 
" Excelsior " (published by J. Curwen and Sons, 8, 
Warwick-lane, London, E.C., Old Notation. Ud.; sol-fa. 
Id.), and also one pieeceof their own selection (the 
performance of which must not exceed 10 minutes). 

No choir may enter or compete with less than 50 or 
more than 80 members, and all competing choirs 
should be well-balanced as to parts. All the singers 
must be bond fide members of the choir, in regular 
attendance at least from the last week in April, 1885, 
and not in any way remunerated for assisting the 
choir. No singer may be a member of more than one 
competing choir. 

Lodge and other Temperance choirs wishing to take 
part should apply at once for form of application for 
admission to Bro. W. H. Bonner, Boleyn-road, Upton. 

To commemorate the fete, a very beautiful medal 
will be re«dy iu a few days, having a representation 
of the Crystal Palace, and date July 14, 1S85, on 
one side, aud on the other, our Graud Lodge Seal, with 
suitable inscription. Specimen medal can be had for 
threepence, poet free, on application to the secretary ; 
or, 2s. 3d. per doz. by parcels post, free, and they can 
be sold by societies at 3d. each. 

Mr. Frederick G. Edwards has been engaged as 
organist for the great concerts. 

The hall of the Y.M.C.A., Aldersgate-street, has 
been obtained for the teachers' rehearsal-*, Saturday, 
April 25, for the country contingent, and Saturday,' 
May 2, tor that of the Metropolis. 

South-place Chapel, Finsburyhas been engaged for 
Mr. G. W. Williams' Senior Rehearsals of Metropolitan 

choir from Mommy, May 11, to Monday July 6. 

William Parncutt, Hon. Sec, 

76, Pembroke-street, N. 

The first English trade advertisement which ap- 
peared in a London newspaper, ran as follows :— 
That Excellent, and by all Physicians approved, 
bina Drink, called by the Chnnaus ' Tcha,' by other 
nations 'Tay,' alias 'Tee,' is Bold it the Sultanese 
Head Cophec House, in Sweeting Rents, by the Royal 
Exchange, London."— Sell's Dictionary of the World's 

* Kindly presented by a London publisher. 

Aprh, 13, 1885. 




EASTEE, 1885. 

The Sixteenth Animal Session of the Grand Lodgeof 
England was prefaced by preliminary meetings, on 
Saturday evening, 4 th inst, and on Easter Sunday. 

On Saturday evening 

was held in the large room of the Young Men's Ohria- 
tl ,"° Association. Iiro. W. T. Eaper, (G.W.C.T., Wales), 

tI™, ' V, CSl M- A Ter * lar ? e company of Juvenile 
Templars attended and sang glees and odes with great 
heartiness under the leadership of Bro. Tunicliffe, of 
asttton. there was a good attendance of local friends 
and many of the well-known Grand Lodge officers. In 
the intervals of mosic. a dresses were delivered by the 
the Chairman and l.y Bro. Dairs.of Bri,ifo.d-on-Avon, 
Sister Green, P.R.W.S.J.T.: Sister Eccles. of Chorley; 
Sister Richardson, P.G.W.V.T.; Bro. J. B. Collin-- 
Bter GES Walsh » w > G.S.J .T.; and Bro. Kemp- 

Iu addition to a very large number of sermons hav- 
ing special reference to Temperance and Good Teni- 
plary which were preached in various churches and 
Ohapels in Manchester and its vicinity, 

was preached to a large gathering in Cook's Circus on 
™ d ",l a»«noon_ by Bro. the Rev. W. Mottram 
G.W Chaplain, tve are pleased to have the oppor- 
tunity of giving a full report of this sermon, which 
created a marked impression upon the audience, and 
drew forth expressions of approval at the close ol 
Severn, of its more pronounced passages. 

.Wh th °1 ?° rbear " t t0 Oliver them that are drawn unto 
death and those that arc ready to be slain. If tlmu 
sayest, Behold we knew it not, doth not He that pon- 
dereth the heart consider it ? and Ho that keepcth thy 
soul doth not He know it ? and shall not He render to 
every man according to His works ?"— Pitov. xxiv. 11, 12. 
Nothing is more entirely repugnant to the spirit 
and teachings of Holy Scripture than that we should 
be in any sense indifferent to the miseries of our sor- 
rowing fellow-men. Humanity, large-hearted, broad- 
minded hnmanity, f ull oi : tender pity, yearnio"- with 
hope and prompting to beneficial helpfulness is 
everywhere taught in the sacred book, both l.y pre cot 
and example. A stoical, selfish indifference, is severely 
condemned, and active benevolent sympathy is every 
way inculcated. Thank God, we live in a day wh«n 
Christian pity flows out in perpetual streams of 
blessing to the suffering and the sad. As our century 
draws to its close we may say of it that it has seen an 
outflow of Christian mercy such as was never seen 
before, that during this century, Christian charity has 
overspread the world with its beneficent activity, and 
is ever seeking out new modes of working and new- 
ways of doing good. 

"The primal duties shine aloft, like stars ; 
The charities that soothe, and heal, and bless, 
Are scattered at the feet of man, like flowers."' 
_ It cannot be said that our generation is in an . sense 
indifferent to the general woes of mankind. Saddcnerl 
as we are by the mad diuof wars, and disturbed by th. 
disquieting rumours of wars, still, there are myriads 
among us who would gladly subscribe to the expres- 
Bivc couplet of Bvron— 

"The drying up a single tear has more 
Of honest fame than shedding seas of gore." 
Thank God for the flowing stream of benificent 
human sympathy, Broader and wider it spreads as 
the years flow on, and, like the prophet's sparkling 
river of holy vision, it carries life, fertility, and bless°- 
ing o'er all the world. On its flowery hanks the trees 
are ever growing: " Whose leaves shall not fade, 
neither shall the fruit thereof be sha 1 
bring forth new fruit according to his months, be- 
cause their waters they issued forth out of the 
sanotuary, an ! tha fruit thereof shall be for meat, and 
tho leaf thereof for medicine." 

Beautiful, as is this noble beneficence of our times, 
it has one or two serious defects. On one side of it, it 
seems ro be blind. Either from the effect of custom, 
or because of the influence of money interests, or be- 
cause of tho lack of that severity which is always a 
part of true love, it hesitates to take those measures 
which conld aloue prove effectual to dry up the most 
prolific source of misery tie world has ever known. 
It needs strong hands to deal with this evil, and ten- 
derness of h.arr, is not always allied with robust- 
ness of faculty. Christian charity will build 
asylums for tho victim of intemperance, when 
his excess- of liquor has driven him mad, 
it will lodge him in the workhouse, aud find him 
food, clothing, and shelter when drink has left him 
and helpless, and it will give him a pauper's 
funeral when his sands run out. It will spend 
thousands every yeariu charity, which does the drunk- 
ard no sort of good, although it is known beforehand 
thatnosmall portion of the money so beslowed will 
be expended for further degradation, and thrown 
away on demoralising drink. All these things, this 
enlightened Christian public will do ungrndino-ly 

unceasingly. And so the unvarying round"goeson ^X^A^JLtt^^ ££ 

with monotonons sameness, and no effectual means 
are taken to stop the source of so much desolation, 
sorrow, and death. We are. all of ns, striving to deal 
with the effects of sin. Teetotalers as well ae others 
are busy working at the effects when they 
ought to be striking at the cause. And 
thousands of well-meaning philanthropises lavish 
their hundreds of thousands of pounds in their bene- 
ficent endeavours to deal simply with the outflow, 
whereas the source is untouched aud the stream goes 
on unchecked and undisturbed, dealing perpetual de- 
struction throughout a suffering land. 

My text is oue that calls for the deliverance of the 
captive soul by those who are free. It calls for our 
earnest self-abnegation, in associating ourselves with 
those who are under the power of the destroyer. It 
tells ns that we must not stand aloof from them, as 
though their misery was no concern of ours. As the 
God of Heaven sees us and knows all our works, we 
are not t < pass by on the other side as did the priest 
and the Levite in our Saviour's paralde. We are not 
to say that we did not know. This will not avail us 
in the^ sight of God. Our brother is "drawn for 
death." Ee is " ready to he slain." Arouse ye then, 
ye men of God. Look the thing steadily in the faee. 
and do not forbear to give and to do, to labour and to 
sacrifice, to plead and pray, that the captive may be 
delivered and the slave set free. 

Such I take to be the teaching of my text. In effect 
it says : " Neglect of a hinirndvti/ it sin." In the same 
sense, the Christian Scriptures affirm that : " To him 
that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to hiio it 
is sin." Sin of every kind is always mark d by God. 
It is of no use for us to say : ■' I knew it not." That 
is only a poor excuse, and the very best excuse avails 
nothing with God. To Him we can never excuse 
ourselves for He knows the truth. Ho holds us 
responsible for oui duty, and will punish ns for the 
neglect of it. And this is one of our plainest dnties, 
to stand up for those who are " drawn nnto death, ' 
and "ready to be slain." If we forbear to deliver 
them, sin lies at our door, and we are guilty of their 
blood. God Himself will hold us guilty, and His eye 
sees everythng. 

Drawn unto death," "ready to be slain," are the 
, lfnl words which fitly describe the hapless condi- 
tion of hundreds of thousands of our English people. 
An exact idiomatic translation renders these words 
thus: "if from delivering those tahui to deathflai those 
dipping to tht tlaughti r thou keep back." Is not this 
a mo-t graphic and forceful description of the perilous 
condition of millions of drunkards and moderate 
drinkers in our country to-day? The intemperate 
man is visibly "slipping to the slaughter," he is 
in the rapids already, darting to destruction. Alas, for 
him 1 But there are myriads of respectable moderate 
drinkers who are just as surely on the fatal 
incline as are the intemperate. They are unconscious 
of their danger. And yet they have begun that fatal 
course which must lead them on to swell the mass of 
recKlessruin. Little children, in respectable tippling 
houses, are living everyday in the presence of a wily 
serpent, which will gradually twine itself aroun 1 
their young and unsuspecting hearts, and poison their 
very life before it reaches its noonday hour. Babes 
nborn, who have neither done good nor evil will yet 
.vnie in'o the world, and inevitably run their brief 
oireer of misery, their sun going down under the 
leavy clouds of drunkenness and sorrow, if but 
our present foolish customs must, continue. 
Let Dr. Norman Kerr, or Dr. Hardwicke, cal- 
culate for us our annual death-rate through 
nk. These are the results arrived at, though 
h inquirer pursues a different method. Suppose 
your day to consist of the 10 hours allotted to it in 
he calendar of King Alfred. Every death through 
rink is telegraphed to you directly it occurs. At the 
nd of the day you will have received ICO of these 
olef ul messages. One hundred and sixty every day 1 
Ah, think of that ! Or, to put it another way. In 
• reckoning we only take count of those whos3 own 
nking drags them to a too early grave. An equal 
mber lose their lives through tho intoxication of 
ers. Taking, then, the natural day of 21 hours 
the year round, we lose in the United Kingdom 
all too early through the drink, on an average 13 per 
hour, and 312 per day,, or 2,184 per week, or 120,000 
per year. Is not this sufficiently terrible! To the 
State nothing is so precious as the lives of its citizens 
Bit, mthe sight of a pitiful God and a redeeming 
Saviour, how unspeakably precious arc these wasted 
lives/ How great is the sacrifice of souls I how un- 
ntt rably.'ear in the eyes of Him Who pleased not 
Himself, but yielded His life a ransom lor the lost 
How precious io His sight are these blighted, woe- 
stricken souls, who labour along their way in misery 
and are driven into eternity by their merciless foe' 
which smites like a scourge and withers like a blast 
the priceless lives which come under the breath of its 
blighting influence. 
Dire was his thought, who first in poison steeped 
the weapon formed tor slaughter, direr his 
And worthier of damnation, who instiU'd ' 
'l'he mortal venom iu the social cup 
To fill the veins with death instead of life. " 
Tnat is the tendency of alcohol . It fills the veins 
ith death instead of life. It (ills the laud with 

aim through its influence, and it hurries millions into 
eternity to give account heforea Holy God of lives made 
for blessing wasted and thrown away. Oh, how terrible 
is the sin of a wasted life ! L t Samuel Tavlor 
Coleridge describe it, as he gives ns Nature's answerlo 
the suicide's despairing complaint respecting the pur- 
port of his life. Concerning that life outraged nature 

"Is't returned as 'twas sent'.Is't no worse for the 

Think first what you are ! Call to mind what yon WERE 1 

I gave you innocence, I gave you hope, 

Gave health, and genius, and an ample scops. 

Return you me guilt, lethargy, despair? 

Slake out the invent'ry : inspect, compare ' 

Then die-if die you dare I" 

Ah, this is the sorrowful part in these horrible 
drink tragedies I They carry over to the account of 
the future world the ineffaceable memory of untold 
millions of wasted lives in whhih God gave innocence, 
h"alth, and hope, to which He imparted the ample 
scope of opportunity, and of genius, and now all is lost, 
irretrievably, irreooverably lost I This is an immeasur- 
able disaster, a remediless ruin, and an unutterable woe I 
If possible, the saddest feature of all is the terrible 
callousness of good people to the amazing horrors of 
the licensing system. By the express permission of 
the State there are no less than 160,000 public-houses, 
all having State authority to vend and distribute 
disaster, misery and death, at so much per srallon 
through the length and breadth of the land. Did it 
ever occur to you that the public-house is the centre 
and nest of the fonlest wickedness that goes on in our 
land? There it gathers. There is its council-chamber, 
there its inspiring force, there its uongenial home. I 
do not doubt that there are public-houses whoso 
occupants and owners are upright men, whoso 
business is as respectably conducted as it is 
possible such a business can be. And it is true that 
the character of the houses is by no means all alike. 
Yet, how little do we realise what the public-house is. 
Have we not seen it partly laid bare by one bold, 
brave Good Templar brother of ours, in one small town 
of our country, a brother who has the courage to bs a 
Christian teetotaler with all its sacrifices, losses, and 
risks ; a man who has staked dear life.private fortune, 
and commercial interests, all on this great hazard of 
bringing into the light the inner life, the twilight 
ahominations.and tho obscure harlotries of the town he 
lives in, as they have been carried on no one knows how 
long in that snug little town of the South, the borough 
and county of Poole. There one of the noblest and 
bravest battles of modern times has recently been 
fought, by one of our manliest and most conrageous 
brethren, Mr. Alderman Norton. Such men as he will 
bo honoured one day as members of a true and ohoice 
band, worthy of the glory of our Temperence Ther- 
moplylar. Well done. Leonidas, the brave I The un- 
veiling of the public-house at Poole, only confirms 
what we know before. Oh, that the shutters could be 
taken down in every town in England 
and a like revelation be made. Oh, that Eng- 
land could see what its public-houses have been 
and are to day. We should find it something like 
this— that the public-house is the place around which 
are clustering all the grosser vices of our times. Is 
there betting and gambling I Be you surethe pnblic- 
house has something to do with it. Is there a shock- 
ing revival of the brutal practice of pugilism ?— you 
will find it associated with the public-house. Do the 
inhuman sports of pigeon-shooting, cock-fighting and 
dog-fighting shock our finer feelings, and reveal to us 
how nioch of the brute there is yet in man 1 These 
things are sure to be concocted in the public-house 
Are there cardsharpers and black legs, thieves and 
pickpockets ?— the public-house is their convenient 
rendezvous, and there are spent 75 per cent, of the 
value of the gains they make by their wicked war- 
tare on the community. Not long ago, we found how 
the fonlest crimes against society in Dublin, and else- 
where, were somehow or other a-sociated with the 
public-house. Our poor, fallen sisters, whose wretched 
fife might draw forth pity from the flintiest heart 
tel us, wi„h one voice, that it would be utterly impos- 
sible itor them to prosecute their damning calling were it 
not for the facilities afforded by th" public-house It 
is the curso of manhood, the grave of womanhood, the 
bane of tee workman's home, the plagne of the trades- 
man s family, and the one direst foe of English 
national hie. It is the moral slum of the nation, the 
blood-stained pest-house of the community, the deep, 
dark sewer into which is poured the viscid stream of a 
nation s immorality, and, in sober truth, its stench is 
abominable, and reaches unto Heaven. It is by 
the agency of the public-house, licensed by 
State authority, that our brothers are "drawn unto 
death and are "slipping to the slaughter.' 
a vercm we save our brethreu till we strike the 
pul. ic-honse. We may save some, thank God, even 
while the public-house rem uns. Far be it from me 
to underrate the blessed result of delivering one soul 
from the destroyer, or of reclaiming one redeemed one 
vYL'T- , ,- llvn unto Q(, ath." under the fearful spell 
of the drink-fiend. But, after 50 years of Temperanoe 
effort, surely we have learned two things (1) the great 
value of Temperanoe effort in saving individuals and 
bleaamg households. How brightand inspiring is that 
7* . ?""£ > tem "'fit springs from the Cross 
hnst. ; Every act of it is baptised in the holy 



baptism of His love. Oh ye individual workers, 
ye are gathered in the victorious phalanx of Him Who 
said: "For the Son of Man is not come to destroy 
men's lives, but to save them." Ralph Waldo Emerson 
tells us, in his " English Traits." of a visit he once 
paid to the philosopher Carlyle, in his strange home at 
Craigenputtock, in a very remote district of Dumfries- 
shire, in the country parish of Dunscore. He tells nsof 
their various conversations on men, nations and books, 
and he quotes one beautiful and significant saying 
from the lips of Carlyle, " Christ died on the tree," 
said the great thinker, "that built Dunscore kirk 
yonder, that broughtyou and me together." Andso, to- 
day, we may say : Christ died on the tree, that built 
Manchester Cathedral, that built all the churches, 
indeed, and all your benevolent institutions, too, that 
started the Temperance reformation, that brought 
you and me together to-day, that has given vitality to 
onr movennnt, that inspires us in our Grand Lodge 
Session in the coming week. It is the lever that lifts 
the fallen world. It is the inspiration and strength 
of every true reformer. The hope of the world centres 
here, and under the shadow of tho Cross have all 
our Temperance battles been fought and won, and so 
they will be to the end. Had there been no Cross, there 
had been no Good Templars. Oh no, we will bless God 
for this great work of Christian Temperance, and go 
forth rejoicing in our way. Every soul saved from 
"slipping to the slaughter" is of endless price : 

*' The soul of origin Divine, 

God's glorious image, freed from clay, 
In Heaven's eternal sphere shall shine, 
A star of day. 
" The sun is but a spark of fire, 
A transient meteor in the sky, 
The soul, immortal as ita sire — 

Shall never die !" 
But we have also learned (2) that a Christian State 
ought not to allow its people to be driven like sheep 
to the slaughter for ancient custom's sake, for an e 
revenue, or for the interests of a trade. Customs, 
venues, trade interests, what are they after all ? Some 
lines, which I well remember as a boy, tell us how 

" A monk, when his rites sacerdotal were o'er," 
turned his thoughts to the interesting operation of 
weighing things in what he called the " philosopher's 
scales," He did not weigh them by the p^und 
avoirdupois, or by the metric system, as you will see, 
and in his queer process be found astonishing results. 
For instance, he discovered that the body of Alexander 
the Great, 

n Though muffled in armour, from sandals to crown," 
weighed less in his scales than one of the simple 
garments for the poor stitched by the busy fingers 
of the ancient Dorcas. He also discovered that 10 war 
chariots weighed less than one plough : and a sword, 
with gilt trappings, less than a twopenny nail. 
" Last of ail the whole world was bowled in at the gate, 
With the soul of a beggar, to serve for a weiglit ; 
When the scale, with the soul, so mightily tell, 
That it jerked the philosopher out of his cell.' 
Just so, let the country weigh our slave-bound 
brothers who are " drawn unto death " against 
£120,000,000 invested in the drink traffic, aga: 
£30,000,000 of annual revenue, and against 
the hoary habits of centuries, and what will 
be the result ? Let all these things be weighed 
against the health, happiness, and interests of the 
millions of our people, against the dear little children 
who, as an able writer once said, were not so much 
born " as damned into the world," because of their 
parents' baBe habits of intoxication. Oh, let but the 
philosopher's scales be applied, and what will re 
venues, trade interests, and hoary customs aval 
against the life, honour, and interests of the subjects 
of this great realm ? Let but ordinary commi 
weigh these things, and we know what the verdict will 
be. But let us weigh the things in Christian seal 
it will be found after due quest and inquiry, that all 
that can bs said in favour of the drink traffic, all that 
can be pleaded on its behalf, all its interests, and privi- 
leges combined, all its capital and rights, are 
as the "small dust in the balance," when set against 
the misery it produces, the wreck of honour, the de- 
struction of character, the ruin of all human interests, 
the eternal loss of precious souls. 

Our complaint to-day is, that we none of us suffi- 
ciently apprehend the greatness of this solemn and 
gigantic enterprise We are all of us in danger of 
coming under the condemnation of my text. I make 
bold to say that but few of us, as teetotalers, have 
yet rightly apprehended how much we might have 
done to deliver those who are "drawn unto death," 
had we been more zealous and persevering in our 
daily efforts for our brethren. We let our Lodges and 
societies be feebly supported when the living 
Dreath of our warmer love would help to make them 
strong. Round the corner from where we live there is 
some wretched drunkard dragging on his weary exist- 
ence, and perchance, we have never made one resolute 
endeavour to snatch him out of the fire. And yet, we 
know there is hope for him. We know how he can 
be set free. We know well what this Temperance 
work can do. We know that our poor captive broth 
can be, and ought to be delivered. Oh, then, let us : 
in earnest in this great cause. 

" Worlds are charging, Heaven beholding, 
Thou hast but an hour to fight, 
Heaven's pure banner now unfolding, 

On, right onward tnthe fight. 
Oh, let all the soul within you, 

For the truth's sake go abroad ; 
Strike, let every nerve and sine v 
Tell on ages, tell on God." 
But we also know that something is wanting, which 
societies and individuals cannot give. We want the 
power of the Christian Commonwealth to be enlisted 
against the source of this unutterable woe. " The 
snare is broken and we are escaped," says the Psalmist 
That is just what we want to have done here. The 
Prophet Jeremiah had to complain in his day against 
those who " lay wait as he that setteth snares ; they 
set a trap, they catoh men." That is true of England. 
Men plant snares. These snares are everywhere, both 
in village and in town. What we want is that 
the snareshall be broken, that our entangled brethren 
may be set free, and that the snare may n ever oatch 
any new victims. To break that snare is the work of 
the Christian State. " The State, the State," said one 
of the Bourbon kings, " I am the State." Thank God, 
there is no one man can say that in this England of 
ours to-day, but we may represent the great mass of 
the people as appropriating these words of the despotic 
monarch, and saying in its personified unity, " The 
State, the Slate, I am the State." Yes, great public, 
thou art the State. Come then, break these fetters in 
the plenitude of thy power. Scatter these snares. 
" Undo the heavy burdens. Let the oppressed go free." 
But who, after all, is the State ? Teetotal brother, 
it is you and I, in our proper measure and part. "Do 
we wish to deliver those who are " slipping to the 
slaughter " speedilv ? How, then, are we using our 
share of State power? How can we use it as in the 
sight of God excepting to break these snares in which 
those who are " drawn nnto death " are daily held, 
and which are continually catching new victims day 
by day ? This is the sure way to deliver our brother, 
and it never fails wherever it is tried. Let the 
question come home to us, whether the gnilt of blood 
11 not lie at the door if we " keep back " from using 
_.. our power for the rescuing of the fallen and the 
prevention of others from falling ? O ye Good Tem- 
plars, know that this is your noble mission. 
How grand and glorious an aim is yours. What an 
instrumentality we possess ! Thank God, we will not 
"forbear." From this Christian, Temperance 
assembly— from this goodly Good Templar gathering 
—there shall go forth a sound which shall reverberate 
throughout our dear land. We mean to conquer ; we 
must win. In the days of ancient Rome there was 
one great city which could not be conquered, and gave 
unending trouble to the proud mistress of the world. 
The stern and stoical orator, Cato, saw that, after 
battles and treaties innumerable, nothing would do 
bnt to make an end of Carthage. Seeing 
this, he concluded every speech in the Senate with 
one brief emphatic denunciation, " Delenda est 
Carthago— Carthage must be destroyed." Those words 
ran like fire, and through Senate and army they rung 
like a wild clarion, and Carthage was destroyed. In 
the great battle of Waterloo, Wellington saw how 
Napoleon's cannon were ploughing up his ho6ts with 
most sanguinary and ominous results. Seeing this he 
issued the order : " Those guns must be silenced at any 
cost." The word was given, and they were silenced. 
Shall we forbear to deliver our brother, who is drawn 
nnto death, then this licensing system must be 
reversed, these houses of sin must be purged from the 
fiery breath of Alcohol the destroyer, and this greatest 
of all reforms must be effected without wailing for a 
generation of wiser and stronger men. At any sacri- 
fice of time, of money, of peace, cf comfort, of friend- 
ship, yea, of life itself, the great fight must be fought 
and the victory won. 

But, O how much blindness, how .much callousness, 
how much weakness, rruis* be removed before this 
great deed can be wrought. Look at our people's Par- 
liament. See how it will fritter away its time and legis- 
late for any thing rather than the removing these myriad 
temptations to drink. See how slowly and cautiously 
it applies the longed-for blessing of Sunday Closii 
our country, as though it were afraid lest an aore too 
much of territory should come under its beneficent 
operation, or that it should cover the land too speedily 
for the interests of the trade, It can make great and 
bold asseverations against a distant foe like Russia, it 
cowers and pales before British drinkdom. We 
strengthen its weak knees. We must say to this august 
body : " Gentlemen, see you these myriads of your 
brothers and ours who are 'drawn to death and ready 
to be slain.' We want them to be delivered; we 
cannot rest till we have set tbem free. It is you who 
make our laws. Under those laws houses are licensed 
which are destroying the citizens whom you rule. 
Will you not set about delivering the?e drink-bound 
slaves? O Parliament! If not, their blood will be 
upon your heads. A voice from heaven will cry 
judgment against you, and the nation will be partaker 

A pril 13, 1885 

lent bishop at ita head, has been enquiring into the 
» Homes of the Poor " in our city. It has given us a 
valuable report, for which I hope we are any 
thankful, though I am sorry to say it tells us I'-ttie 
that some of ns did not know before. Of course, it 
had to deal with intemperance, and it says tbnt : its 
blight is on man, woman, and child, amongst the 
poor." "Broken up homes, cruelty, love killed in 
husband and wife, children debauched, immorality^ 
prostitution and crime, follow in the wake of drink 1 
All too true. But what does this sapient 
Commission recommend ? Well, one of its 
prominent recommendations is, that teetotallers 

Listen, O Temperance Reformer, to a story of 
what has just taken place in Bristol, and see if 
it does not put in strong light the want of clear 
perception and earnest purpose of which 
complain in this great battle against 
For a period of a year, a commission with our exce- 

„hould be exceedingly moderate and mild in their 
language. Mild, gentlemen, mild ! What then, with 
these effects before us, are we to fight our 'gigantic 
battle against intemperance in " rosewater ? "hat 
said grand old Martin Luther ? " The word of God is 
a sword, a battle, a fire, a ruin, and a hurricane. But 
it is different, I Buppose, now from what it was in 
Luther's time. All I can fay is, " May God s word 
ever be in me and in you, as a sword, a battle, a fire, a 
ruin, and a hurricane." We want the hurricane to 
shake this gigantic stronghold, and to lay it level 
with the dnst. Our Bristol Commission tells 
us that " The rights of those engaged in the 
liquor traffic must be considered," that "indiscriminate 
action against all public-houses mast be felt to be un- 
just as well as unwise," kc. And then come seven 
recommendations.among whichl find : " Endorsement 
of licences," " voluntary effort to stem the intempe- 
rance which is spreading amoDgst women, to 
shorten the hours of sale on Sunday," and "to check 
adulteration." To check adulteration, indeed ! Why 
there cannot be put into the drink a more murderous 
or deadly drug than that which every form of it con- 
tains, and which is the basis of its ensnaring 
fascination. O Commission, be it known unto yon - 
that it is not thus the great battle is to be won. We 
thank them for their report, but sorrowfully say 
that the end is not brought much nearer by weak- 
kneed recommendations and rosewater platitudes. 
Over againBt these gelatinous recommendations, let us 
place the wise words of Mr. Lowell, the American 
ambassador. He said : " We build hospitals, we 
establish missions to the poor, we endow schools, bnt 
all the remedies are partial and palliatives merely. It 
is as if we should apply plasters to a single pustule of 
the small-pox with a view of driving out the disease. 
The true way is to discover and extirpate the 
germs." God help ns in this greater and grander 
work of extirpating the germs. Let Bishops 
Commissions propose their seven little plasters 
if they li'ie ; but, in the name of that Master, who, 
having died for us sinners at Jerusalem, rose again 
from the dead on this great Easter Day.let us go to the 
root of the matter ; let us say that there should be 
and must be, no compromise with sin ; that the tree 
has already been examined ; and that twig, and root, 
and leaf, and fruit, it is found to be poisonous and 
bitter. What says, then, the great voice from the 
skies-the voice of a " Watcher and a holy one ? " 
" Hew down the tree, and cut off his branches, shake 
off his leaves and scatter his fruit, let the beasts 
get away from under it and the fowls 
from under its branches." So far, I go with tho 
prophet, but when he says : " Nevertheless leave the 
stump of his rootsin the earth," I demur to that, and 
pray that the whole tree may be hewn down and given 
to the destroyer, root and branch, and twig and leaf, 
to be given to the fire. 

O sirs, if we do not mind, there will come on ns the 
remorse which in the house of Joseph settled on the 
souls of his brethren : " We are verily guilty (they 
said) concerning our brother." According to my text, 
it takes much zeal, much self-sacrifice, to be clear 
of our brother's blood. If so, we must not 
meanly forbear. O what fine, proud things, Eng- 
lishmen have done to liberate the slave, and to give 
freedom to the world. Thank God for all that. 
Whose heart does not leap as we think of it? Come 
then, one more grand struggle. O Church of God, 
awake I O Good Templars, shake off all apathy. Let 
all the deliberations of this week, in Manohester, be 
inspired by the passion to save our fellow men. The 
workers are men's true deliverers. In this philan- 
thropy there is hope for those who are delivered nnto 
death, and ready to be slain . Thank God, the new era 
has dawned. We have learned the mind of Christ. He 
gives hope for all. 

The Gospel of our Lord Jesus, the pledge of total 
abstinence, and the legal removal of temptation, will 
cleanse the dismal swamp, and by God's good blessing : 
" Instead of the thorn shall come up the fig tree, and 
instead of the briar shall come up the myrtle tree, and 
it shall be to the Lord for a name, for an everlasting 
sign, that shall not be cut off." Not all at once, 
perhaps, will this change come, but it is coming, 
nevertheless. We have the honour and the joy to 
usher in the better time. Our day is one of toil, 
and Etrife and suffering. But what matter ? We 
are preparing the way for the great King, 
who shall yet reign in undiminished glory. Oh, then, 
in the brief to-day, let us all be true-hearted, chival- 
rous, heroic foemen in the glorious fight. 

May the right motives rule us in the work thah we 
have to do. May the love which we commemorated on 
Good Friday melt us into compassion, awo ns into 

April 13, 1885. 


reverence, hash onr worlly strifes, chasten tnsy 
thought, and fire our every soul with its pure, undying 
flame. May the true Easter joy be in us all this 
coming week. When the world "had crucified Him, 
His friends were cast down in sorrow, and His adver- 
saries would fain have been glad. But Easter morn- 
ing came, andlo! there was an empty tomb. The 
Bears were there, in hands, and feet, and side, but He 
had taken His life again, and the victory was com- 
plete. Jesus lives to-day, eternal joy is before Him, 
and on His head are many crowos. Ours, too, is the 
joy of resurrection, the certain triumph of love. ' 
istheglad spirit in which we meet and labour all the 
coming week. This the joy that shall fill us all the 
coming year. 

11 Be thine the care, 

Soldier of Christ, that nubler strife to dare 

Which the rash spirit of the world controls, 

And makes ambition virtue ! Be it thine 

To win thy bright unfading diadem 

By works of love! " 

_ Our brothers and sisters in the fight are leaving _ ___ 

side in the ranks. How we shall miss those who have 

gone from ns when we are assembled to-morrow. We 

are chastened in thought and feeling as we remember 

them to-day. Bat are they not with us still ? Have 

we not still their tenderness, their genial sympathy, 

their inspiring love? And have we not among ns the 

hallowing presence, the gracious benediction, and the 

saving strength of Him, " Whose goings forth are 

from everlasting," Whose^earthly mission was inspired 

by mightiest love, Who in suffering and labour won 

immortal victories from earth and hell, and Who, in 

our Good Templar work as every other, is our One 

Sovereign, Lord, and Life, and King. Amen. 

In the course of Monday morning the corridors of 
the magnificent Town Hall attested the presence of a 
large number of arrivals, and numerous and hearty 
were the greetings, as familiar forms and faces of 
honoured workers who had often met upon similar 
occasions were again recognised and welcomed. The 
G.L. Executive met in a committee-room at the Town 
Hall at 10 o'clock, and their proceedings are reported 
in another column. 

was opened punctually at 3 o'clock by the G.W.C.T., 
who was accompanied by the G.W.C., G.S.J.T., G.E.S., 
Sister Richardson acting G.W.V.T., in the absence of 
Sister Edwards, the G.W.S., G.W.T., G.W.M., all of 
whose names are well known to our readers. The fol- 
lowing officers were also in their places : — 

G.Sent., Bro. Josiah Cave, Trowbridge ; 

G.D. Marshal, Sister C. A. Gray, Antwerp ; 

G Messenger, Bro. Rev. T. II. Taylor, N. Tawton"; 

A,G.Sec, Bro. J. E. Poulter, Birmingham. 

Bro. Councillor Todd, G.G., was absent through 
domestic afTliction ; and Bro. John Bowen, West Kent, 
was appointed to the office ; but Bro. Todd arrived and 
occupied his post on the following morning. Bro. 
R. P. J, Simpson occupied the post of P.G.W.C.T., in 
the absence of Bro. Sergt. Ould, iwho is on active ser- 
vice in the Soudan : and the following also rendered 
service by j/ro tern, appointments : — 

Assistant Grand Marshals.— E. A, Gibson, Middle- 
sex ; G. Stansfield, Yorks, N.W. ; Bros. D. Gavin, n. 
Sharpies, and Hoskinson, Lancashire, S.E. ; Macrow, 

Assistant Grand Messengers. — Sisters Warmshaw, 
Cheshire, E. and M., Miss Hobkirk, Northumberland ; 
and Miss Edwards, Lancashire, S.E. 

Assistant Grand Sentinels. — Bros. Kemp, Postle- 
thwaite ; and Christian, Lancashire, S.E. 

Assistant Grand Guards. — Bro. Serjeant T. Holmes, 
Hants, S. ; J. S. Gavin and John Handley, Lanca- 
shire, S.E. 

After the impressive opening ceremony, the follow- 
Special Report op Executive on Order of 

was submitted and adopted : — 

Sisters and Brothers, 

1. Times of Session. — (a) Owing to public meet- 
ings being held on Monday and Wednesday, there 
will be no sittiugs of Grand Lodge on these even- 

(J) Your Executive recommend that Tuesday evening 
be left for conferences on Political Action, 
Juvenile Templary, and Foreign Missions, and 
meetings of the various committees, 
(f) That the hours of Grand Lodge sittings be as 
follows : — 

a.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. 
Tuesday ... 9 to 1 ; 2.30 to 6 
Wednesday ... 9 „ 1; 2.30 „ 5.30 
Thursday ... 9 „ 1; 2.30 „ G ; and re- 
assemble at 7 for evening sitting. 

Friday ... 9 a.m., and close at will. 

2. Order of Business, commencing Tuesday: — 
Initiation of Candidates. 

Reception of Visitors from R.W.G.L. and G.L. 

10-0 Roll of Representatives to be called. 

Special report of Executive on Rules of Order. 
Consideration of reports : G.W.C.T. (the Good of 
Order recommendation s^ to be deferred until 

reached in Digest) ; G.S.J.T. ; G.E.Supt. : 
G.W.Sec. ; G.W. Treasurer. 
Report of Executive. 
Presentation of Challenge Shield. 
Report of Committees on Orphanage and Foreign 

Election of Officers. 

Election of Representatives to R.W.G.L. 
Installation of Officers. 
Whilst the Election of Officers and Representatives 
is being taken, the following business to be proceeded 
with :— 

Report of Adjudicators on Prize Essays, and Pre- 
sentation of Prizes. 
Digest.— (a) Nos. 55 to 70 are remitted to a special 
Committee on the Juvenile Order. (&) Nos. 1 to 6 
are remitted to the Committee on Political Action. 
Digest as arranged, except that when any portion 
thereof is reached that has been referred to a 
Committee, that Committee's report to be called 
for and dealt with before continuing the Digest. 
The Special Committees on " Credentials, " "Mis- 
cellaneous Business," and on "Reporting for the 
Public Press," to report as required. The Mileage 
Committee to report on Thursday afternoon, and 
not to pay mileage until after the session has 
closed, except to those who have obtained leave of 
Reporting.— Members reporting for the public Press 
must give their names and that of the paper to 
which they are reporting to the chairman of the 
Press Committee, and submit reports for his in- 
Regalia, — A dispensation has been granted by the 
G.W.C.T. to wear regalia at public meetings held 
in Manchester and vicinity in connection with 
Grand Lodge session, and membbrs are reminded 
that it is a breach of Grand Lodge bye-laws to 
wear regalia in public, except when dispensations 
are granted, ani that smoking while in regalia is 
prohibited, and is not in any case to be indulged 
in within the precincts of the placo of session. 
Clearing the Hall.— That the hall be cleared by 
the Grand Marshals twenty minutes prior to the 
time fixed for the opening of each sitting, so as 
to enable the Grand Guards to test every member 
on entering. 
Absence. — Representatives absent at the roll call on 
Tuesday, or at the close of the session, to be 
marked as such in the Journal. Members desiring 
leave of absence to apply in writing to the Chair- 
man of Committee on Miscellaneous Business, 
giving reasons, with name and District, and said 
chairman to give written provisional consent 
when needful, and to report the names of appli- 
cants at the close of each sitting. Any represen- 
tative absent without leave at the final roll call 
on Friday to be notified to Mileage Committee, 
who shall withhold mileage subject to action of 
Grand Lodge Executive. 
Telegrams and Letters iof Fraternal Greet- 
ing.— These to be announced by G.W.S., and re- 
ferred to the Committee on Miscellaneous Busi- 
ness, who shall draft suitable replies thereto, to 
be signed by the G.W.S., and despatched from time 
to time during the session. 

Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T. 
George Dodds, G.W.Co. 
Lydia A. Walshaw. G.S.J.T. 
John Kempster, G.E.S. 
Jas. J. Woods, G.W.S. 
A. E. Eccles, G.W.T. 
W. Mottram, G.W. Chap. 
John B. Collings, G.W.M. 
A recess was then declared for the admission of can- 
didates for G.L. Degree.A considerable crowd thronged 
the corridors, and it was no easy task for the Guards 
to restrain the pressure at the entrance, bat ultimately 
the whole of the candidates gained entrance in good 
order, and when all had been admitted, 

The Credential Committee, 
consisting of Bros. Jas. J. Woods, G W.Sec. (chairman), 
R. Mansergh, Lancashire, W., W. Ayton, Durham, 
S., George French, Lancashire, W., and J. E. Poulter, 
A.G.Sec, Warwickshire, presented its first report, as 
follows : — 

First Report of Credential Committee. 
Town Hall, Manchester, Monday, April 6. 

New, Old. Total. 

Representatives 10 128 138 

Past Representatives — C8 GS 

Non-voting old members ... — 212 212 

,, new members ... 71G — 71G 

Officers non-representative ... — 12 12 




R. Mansergh, 

for Credential Committee. 
The Grand Lodge Degree was then impressively 
conferred, and the unwritten work was exemplified by 
the G.W.C.T. 

Upon the conclusion of this ceremony, the Grand i 
Lodge Session was formally closed, and the following 1 


were introduced : — 

Sunday Closing Association. — Robert Whit- 
worth, Esq., hon. secretary; Rev. James Shipman, 
Rev. Joseph Johnson. Rev. W. H Perkins, secretary. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Band of Hope 
Union. — J. Eamshaw, Esq , chairman ; W. Hoyle, 
Esq., hon. sec. ; Rev. James Shipman ; T. E. Halls- 
worth, Esq., hon. sec. 

Sons of Temperance (Salford Grand Division). — 
W. Finlay.Esq., G.W.P. ; O. Ashlev, Esq., P.M.W.S. ; 
W. Huddart, Esq., P.G.W.P. ; R. Stewart, Esq., 

Sons of Temperance (Manchester Grand Divi- 
sion). — William Creighton, Grand Treasorer ; 
William Gibbon, Acting Past Grand Worthy 
Patriarch ; Thomas Ogden, Grand Worthy Associate ; 
John Pattison, Grand Chaplain ; Charles Slee, Past 
G.W. Patriarch. 

Independent Order of Rechabites. — Henry 
Roper, Esq., High Chief Ruler : Christopher Hodgson, 
Past Chief Ruler ; Thomas Cunliffe, Esq., Past Chief 
Ruler ; Henry Sharpies, Esq., B.D. 

United Kingdom Alliance. — James Feldes, Esq.; 
Rev. S. A. Stienshall ; Rev. James Clark. 

Manchester Salford and District Temperance 
Union.— William Brimskill, Esq., chairman ; T. C. 
Raynor, Esq., hon. sec; — Kendall, E-q.; Mr. E. 
Dawson King, agent and secretary. 

British Women's Temperance Association. — 
The President.Sister Mrs. Lucas, P.R.W.G.V.T.; Sisters 
Richardson, C. Impoy, L. Walshaw, Eccles, Blakey, 
and other ladies. 

We hold over a report of the reception of these 
deputations for our next issue. 

On Monday evening a very grand reception meeting 
was held in the Town Hall, which was crowded 
througnout by a very distinguished audience, includ- 
ing many of the leading citizens of Manchester. We 
give the following report of the proceedings from 
columns of the Manchester Ex twiner and Times: — 

In the evening there was a reception of the dele- 
gates and others by the Mayor of Manchester (Mr. 
Alderman Harwood and the Mayor of Salford (Mr. 
Alderman Charles Makinson). The gathering took 
place in the large room of the Manchester Towi 
Hall, and was very largely attended. Among those 
on the platform were Bro. Oscar Eklund (Grand 
Worthy Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Sweden), 
Bro. Joseph Malins (Grand Worthy Chief Templar), 
Bro. the Rev. Enoch Franks (Right Worthy Grand 
Superintendent of Juvenile Templars), Brother A. E. 
Eccles (Grand Worthy Treasurer of England), Bro. 
Captain Thomas (Past Right Worthy Superintendent 
Juvenile Templars), Bro. John Kempster (Grand 
Electoral Superintendent of England), Bro. the Rev. 
W. Mottram (Grand Worthy Chaplain of England), 
and Bro, James Potter (Grand Worthy Chief Templar 
of the Grand Lodge of the Channel Islands). 

The Mayor of Manchester, who presided, briefly 
addressed the meeting. He spoke of the great evils 
resulting from the use of intoxicants, and said that no 
one, individually could do much to diminish them. 
He offered all present a warm welcome. 

The Mayor of Salford introduced himself as a Tem- 
perance man, but not a total abstainer, although he 
said he sympathised with those who felt it due to 
their conscience, to their friends, fellow-citizens, and 
to their countrymen to join in the great enterprise of 
attempting to make all their neighbours total ab- 
stainers. The Mayor proceeded to speak of the 
growth of the Temperance movement. It was only 
50 years ago, he said, that Father Mathew began 
the agitation in favour of Temperance, and yet there 
were now 3,000,000 persons in the United Kingdom 
who had taken a pledge to abstain altogether from the 
use of intoxicating drink. There was in the Kingdom 
no city, to*n, hamlet, or village in which there was 
not some kind of Temperance organisation. He was 
informed that there were in connection with that 
Order 40 Grand Lodges throughout the world, and 
no fewer than 1,000,000 members, while something 
like £100,000 a year was expended. He under- 
stood that the Good Templars not only pledged 
themselves to total abstinence, but also to do 
all that was possible to prohibit the manu- 
facture and sale of intoxicants. (Applause.) He 
was also told that they were organised for political 
action, and had attached to each Lodge what was 
termed a political agent, whose duty it was to instruct 
the members in cases of Parliamentary and municipal 
elections, as to for whom to vote and for whom not to 
vote. Although he could not endorse the entire pro- 
gramme of the Order, he was ready with his friend 
the Mayor of _ Manchester to acknowledge the deep 
obligation which the country was under to them, for 
the immense amount of benefit they had conferred 
upon the civilised world. (Applause.) 

Mr. Joseph Malins said the sole object of the Good 
Templars was to reclaim the fallen and save others 
from falling. This object they tried to attain by pro- 
moting total abstinence for the individual and prohi- 
bition for the State, and these they thought to accom- 
plish in part by organising and meeting every week. 
In England there were something over 1,600 adult and 
700 juvenile branches, and 80,000 or 90,000 adult and 



April 13, 1885. 

50,000 juvenile members. They had a footing in 
about 80 countries of the world, and in 40 of thpm 
they had Grand Lodges. Last year the Internationa' 
Court met in Canada, and this year the meeting- place 
would be Stockholm, for (he aim of the society was 
not merely to make a sober country, but to pet coun- 
tries to unite in the endeavour to make a sober world. 

The Rev. Dr. Macfadyen said he might, in a sense, 
regard himself as speiking on behalf of the religious 
community of Manchester and Salford, and aB euch he 
did not hesitate to say that, whether the religious 
people of those towns were total abstainers or not, 
there was no cause outside those that might be regarded 
as springing directly from the Christian Churoh that 
commended itself to their judgment, sympathy, and 
prayers as did the Temperance cause. As a minister of 
religion, he felt that there was nothing that so stood 
between him and his work as the prevalence of the use 
of drink. 

Mrs. W. Lucas said that great organisation had 
interested her ever since she became connected with 
it, and the more she saw of it the greater value eho 
put upon it. (Hear, hear.) One great merit of the 
Order was the fact that women were admitted to it, 
and were put upon equal footing in every respect 
with the men. (Applause.) She desired to say a few 
words on the licensing question, and to make an 
appeal to the two chief magistrates who were present 
and who, she was sure, if they put their heads 
together could concoct a scheme that would ussist the 
Temperance cause. Magistrates had the power to deal 
with the licences if they would only do bo. She de- 
plored the existence of the grocers' licences, which,ehe 
was convinced, were doing a great amount of harm 
among the women of England. 

The Mayor of Manchester Baid neither he nor the 
Mayor of Salford had more than one vote, whereas 
when licences were being dealt with there might he 
10 magistrates on the bench. All who knt 
and the Mayor of Salford would know that if the 
matter was left in their hands, the result would be 
aB they desired. He had often said that it would 
be better if the people made the magistrates, for that 
was the cure for the present state of things. (Hear.) 
Mr. G. Archer (Grand Worthy Chief Templar of 
Scotland), Mr. Jas. Caithness (Grand Worthy Chief 
Templar of Ireland), Captain Thomas (Grand Worthy 
Treasurer of WaleB), and Mr. Oscar Eklund also 
addressed the meeting. The latter said that there 
were in Sweden over 1,000 Lodges, and about 3S,000 
members, while iu Norway there were 8,000 and in 
Denmark 1,000 Good Templars. 

The Rev. S. A. Steinthal subsequently spoke, and 
the meeting shortly afterwards dispersed. 

The folio wingjreport also appeared in the Manchester 
Guardian ; — 

In the evening the brethren attending the meetings 
and their friends were received in the large hall at the 
Town Hall by the Mayor of Manchester (Mr. Alder- 
man Harwood) and the Mayor of Salford (Mr. Alder- 
man Makinson). There was a very large attend- 
ance. On the platform were Bro. Oscar Eklund 
(Grand Worthy Secretary of the Grand Lodge 
of Sweden), Bro. Joseph Malins (Grand 
Worthy Chief Templar of England), Bro. the 
Rev. Enock Franks (Right Worthy Grand Superin- 
tendent of Juvenile Templars), Bro. A. E. Eccles 
(Grand Worthy Treasurer, England), Bro. J. Potter 
(Grand Worthy Chief Templar, Channel Islands), Bro. 
J. Kempster (Grand Electoral Superintendent), Bro. 
the Rev. W. Mottram (Grand Worthy Chaplain, Eng- 
land), and Bro. Captain Thomas (Grand Worthy 
Treasurer, Wales). 

The Mayor of Manchester, in the course of a brief 
address, referred to the evils resulting from the 
Eale of intnxicants, and said that none of those 
present could do anything as individuals to 
prevent the spread of those evils. This was a country 
in which there was very great jealousy about the 
liberty of the subject. If that doctrine were to be 
preached and believed, any man might be trained to 
all manner of crime without restraint, and they could 
not tell what state of things might arise. He ex- 
pressed his pleasure at meeting so many Good Tem- 
plars. Their objects were good, and they had 
tho approval of Almighty God upon their 
work. (Applause,) When persons were labour- 
ing under the sense of the approval of God, of 
their own consciences, and of every right-minded 
and intelligent citizen, it made life brighter and 
happier, and they went along more cheerfully in the 
dischaige of the varied duties of life. (Applause.) 

The Mayor of Salford said he appeared before them 
at a Temperance man, but not as a total abstainer, 
although he sympathised with those who felt it due 
to their consciences, to their friends and fellow- 
citizens, to join in the great enterprise of attempting 
to make all their neighbours total abstainers. — (Ap- 
plause.) It was only 50 years since Father Mathew 
began his crusade against intemperance ; yet at the 
present time he believed there were no les3 than 
three millions of persons in the United Kingdom 
who abstained entirely from taking intoxicating 
liquors. (Applause.) There was scarcely a city, 
town, or hamlet throughout the country that had not 
some kind of Temperance organisation. (Applause.) 
From the report he saw that although the Order of 

Good Templars had only been in existence" about 20 
yparsthev had no fewer than 1,600 Lodges in the 
United Kingdom, and those Lodges comprised about 
180.000 members. There were about 40 Grand 
Lodges throughout <he world. He was also 
informed that their members were at least 
one million in number, and that something like 
£100,000 was exppnded annually. He nnderatood 
that the Good Templars not only pledged themselves 
to total abstinence, but also to do all that wad possible 
to prohibit the mannfacture and sale of intoxicants. 
( Apphuse.) He was also told that they were orgnnised 
for political purposes, and had attached to each Lodge 
a political agent, whose duty it was to instruct the 
people how to vote in Parliamentary and municipal 
elections. Although he could not endorse thn entire 
programme of the Order, he was ready with his friend, 
the Mayor of Manchester, to acknowledge the deep 
obligation which the country was under to them for 
the immense amount of benefit they had conferred 
upon humanity. (Applause.) 

Mr. J. Malins said that the objects of the Good 
Templars were to reclaim the fallen and prevent others 
from falling. (Applause.) These objects they tried 
to attain by promoting total abstinence for the in- 
dividual and prohibition for the State, and they tried 
to accomplish these objects by organising themselves 
and holding weekly meetings. In England they had 
something over 1,600 adult and 700 juvenile 
branches, with 80,000 or 90,000 adult and 50,000 
juvenile members. They had a footing in most of the 
countries of the world, and in -40 countries they had 
Grand Lodges. Last year the International Court met 
in Canada.and this year the meeting would take place 
in Stockholm, for the aim of the society was not 
merely to 'make a sober country but to gat all coun- 
tries to join hamls to make a sober world, (Applause.) 
The Rev. J. A. Macfadyen said he thought he 
might, in a sense, regard himself a3 representing the 
re igious community of Manchester and Salford, and 
on behalf of that community he did not hesitate to say 
that whether the relidous people of Manchester 
and Salford were total abstainers or not, there, was no 
cause outside those that might be regarded as spring- 
ing directly from the Christian Church, that com- 
mended itself to their judgment, sympathy, and 
prayers, as did the Temperance cause. (Applause.) 
As a minister of religion be felt that there was nothing 
that so stood between him and his work as the pre- 
valence and the use of drink. (A; plause.) 

Mrs. M. B. Lucas said that this great organisation 
had interested her ever since she became acquainted 
th it, and tr e more she saw of it the more value she 
set upon it. There was one great merit about the 
Order, and that was that women were admitted, and 
placed on an equal footing with the men. (Ap- 
plause.) They had two eminent magistrates on the 
platform that night, and she wanted to make an 
appeal to them on the licensing question. She felt 
that, if they put their heads together, they could 
concoct a scheme that would assist Good Templars in 
the work they were doing. (Applause.) Magistrates 
had the power to deal with licences if they would only 
so, and she hoped that the magistrates present 
Id exert themselves and do what they could. 
(Applause.) She deplored the existence of grocers' 
licences, which were, in her opinion, doing a very 
great amount of harm amongst the women of Eng- 
land. — (Applause.) 

The Mayor of Manchester said that neither he nor 

the Mayor of Salford had more tban one vote, whilst 

when licences were being granted there might be 10 

istrates upon the Bench. All those who knew 

& him and the Mayor of Salford would know 

. if the matter was left to them the result would 

3 they desired. He had often said that it would be 

better if the people made the magistrates, as they then 

would be responsible to the people, and he regarded 

that as the cure for the present state of things. — 


Addresses were also delivered by Mr. Gilbert Archer 
(G.W.C.T. of Scotland), Mr. J. Caithness (G.W.C.T. of 
Ireland), Captain Thomas, the Rev. S. A. Sleinthal, 
d Mr. Oscar Eklund, the latter speaker informing 
the meeting that in Sweden there were now about 
1,000 Lodges, with about 3*,000 metnb rs. In Norway 
there was also some S,000 Good Templars, and about 
4,000 in Denmark, making a total of 50,000 Good 
Templars in Scandinavia. (Applause.) Last year the \ J^. *' 
movement was carried into Finland, and already there ( taa ^ 


He had been missing from the "Potomac" forseveral 
days, and Cleveland Tom, Port Huron Bill, Tall 
" iago. and the re3t of the boys who were wont to 
get drunk with him, co jldn't make out what had hap- 
pd. They hadn't heard that there was a warrant 
out for him, had never known of his being sick for a 
day, and his absence from tho old haunts puzzled 
them. They were in the Hole-in-the-Wall sUoon 
yesterday morning, nearly a dozen of them, drinking, 
smoking, and playing cards, when in walked Ugly 

There was a deep silenoe for a moment as they 
looked at him. Sam had a new hat, had been shaved 
clean, had on a clean collar and a white shirt, and 
they didn't know him at first. When they saw that 
it was Ugly Sam, they uttered a shout and leaped up. 

" Cave in that hat ! " cried one. 

" Tank that collar off ! " shouted another. 

" Let's roll him on the floor ! " screamed a third. 

There was something in his look and bearing which 
made them hesitate. The whisky-red had almost 
faded from his face, and he looked sober and dignified. 
His features expressed disgust and contempt as he 
looked around tho room, and then reveal-d pity as his 
eyes fell upon the red eyes and bloated faces of the 
crowd before him. 

" Why, what ails ye, Sam?" inquired Tall Chicago, 
as they all stood there. 

'" I've come down to bid ye good-bye, boys," he re- 
plied, removing his hat and drawing a clean handker- 
chief from his pocket. 

') What 1 Hev ye turned ^preacher ? " they shouted 

over 600 Good Templars there. (Applause.) 

We hold over till next week a further report 
of the proceedings of Grand Lodge, excepting an an- 
nouncement of 

which concluded with the following results :— 

G.W C.T., Bro. Joseph Malins. 

G.W.C., Bro. Councillor George Dodds. 

G.S.J. T., Sister Lydia Walshaw. 

G.E.S., Bro. John Kempster. 

G.W.V.T., Sister Sarah Robson. 

G.WS., Bro. J. B. Collings. 

G.W.T., Ban. Edward Wood. 

G.W.Ch., Bro. Rev. Joseph Aston. 

G.W.M., Bro. Josiaii Deurington. 

Bro. Rosbottoji is now open tor engagements to speak 1 level 
and sing —100, Pool Stock, Wigan, Lancas,— Advt. 1 " SoTl 1 1 

f Boys, ye know I can lick any two of ye I but I 
hain't on the Eght any more, and I've put down the 
last drop of whisky which is ever to go into my 
mouth. I've switched is off. I've taken an oath. I'm 
going to be decent ! " 

" Sim, be ye crazy ? " asked Port Huron Bill, coming 
nearer to him. 

'■I've come down here to tell ye all about it," 
answered Sam. " Move the chairs back a little and 
give me room. Ye all know I've been rough, and 
more too. I've been a drinker, a fighter, a gambler, 
and a loafer. I can't look back and remember when 
I've earned an honest dollar. The police hez chased 
me around like a wolf, and I've been in gaol and the 
workhouse, and the papers has said that Ugly Sam 
was the terror of the Potomac. Ye all know this, 
boys, but ye didn't kuow I had an old mother." 
The faces of the crowd expressed amazement. 
" I never mentioned it to any of ye, for I was neg- 
lecting her," he went on. " She was a poor old body 
living up here in the alley, and if the neighboura 
hadn't helped her to fuel and food, she'd have b^en 
found deadlong ago. I neverhelped hertoacent — didn't 
see her for weeks and weeks, and I used to feel mean 
about it. When a feller goes back on his old mother, 
he's a-gittin' purty low, and I know it. Well, she's 
dead — buried yesterday I I was up there afore she 
died. She sent for me by Pete, and when I got there 
I seed it was all day with her." 

" Did she say anything? " asked one of the boya, as 
Sam hesitated. 

'■ That's what ails me now," he went on. " When I 
went she reached out her hand to me, and says she, 
' Samuel, I'm going to die, and I kuow'd you'd want to 
see me afore I parsed away 1' I sat [down, feeling 
queer like. She didn't go on and say as how I was a 
loafer, and had neglected her, and all that, but says 
she, ' Samuel, you'll be all alone when I'm gone. I've 
tried to be a good mother to you, and have prayed for 
you hundreds o'nights and cried about you till my old 
heart was sore.' Some o' the neighbours had dropped 
in, and the women were crying, and I tell you, boyB, I 
felt we«k." 

He paused for moment, and then continued. 
" Aud the old woman said she'd like to kiss me afore 
death came, and that broke me right down. She kept 
hold of my hand, and by-and-bye she whispered : 
' Samuel, you are throwing your life away. 
You've got it in you to be a man if you 
will only make up your mind. I hate to die 
and feel that my only son and the last of 
family may go to the gallows. If I had your pro- 
mise that you would turn over a new leaf and try and 
be good, it seems as if I'd be easier. Won't you pro- 
son?' And I promised her, boys, and 
Is me I She died holding my hand, and 
I promised to quit this low business and go to work. 
I came down to tell ye, and now ye won't see me on 
the Potomac again. I've bought an axe, and am going 
up in Canada to winter." 

There was dead silence for a moment, and then he 
said : 

"Well, boys, I'll shake hands with ye all around 
afore I go. Good-bye, Pete — good-bye Jack — Tom — 
Jim. I hope you won't fling any bricks at me, and I 
shan't never fliaganyat any of ye. It's a dying promise, 
ye see, and I'll ke^p it if it takes my right arm 1 " 

The men looked reflectively at each other after ho 
had passed out, and it was a long time before any one 
spoke. Then Tall Chicago flung his clay pipe into a 
corner, and said : — 

'I'll lick the man who says Ugly Sam's head isn't 

epeated the others. 

Aphil 13, 1885. 




I.— The I.O.G.T. 
Tho Temperance reformation is making 1 very mani- 
fest progress. I have not only been in sympathy with 
it for the greater part of mv life, bnt in practical 
identity with it. There are three aspects or charac- 
teristics of this great movement to which I wish to 
direct attention. 

1. The distinctively social aspect that the move- 
ment is assuming, and of which the I.O.G.T. is the 
most striking manifestation. " Independence " means 
liberty; ''Order" means law ; "Goodness" means love: 
and " Templars," or Temperance, means sympathy and 
Belf -denial for the good of others. There is no greater 
degradation than the loss of liberty ; and the accept- 
ance of such principles means a better form of society, 
the power of purer, and nobler, and more reasonable 
conditions for people as social beings. 

2. The increasingly Christian aspect the move- 
ment has assumed. The whole work is coming 
nearer to religions principles. It fa not merely in 
the direction of good morality, but it aims at the 
highest morality, having its foundation in religion. 
A belief in the Fatherhood of God .and the brother- 
hood of man lies at the foundation of the Good 
Templar Order. That is the true foundation. We 
must sympathise with the struggles of people 
all the world over to obtain " liberty, fraternity, 
and equality " ; but it is my profound conviction 
that there can be no brotherhood of man except it 
has as its foundation a belief in the Fatherhood of 
God. This foundation is as broad as the world. It 
is broader than the foundation Christianity for the 
time being covers with its acceptance of Christian 
dogma. Good Templars can go out beyond their own 
religious beliefs, and find a footing in religious life and 
convictions for prosecuting their work on a broad 
human basis. 

3. Legislative action. The Good Templars are wise 
in interfering in that direction. Onr spiritual con- 
victions must be formed with perfect freedom, but 
for a large part of the life of man legislative action is 

necessary. It can clear obstacles out of his path. The ° 8 grandest of armies I we 
power of the State should be brought in to sweep evils ! There is work for many 

Which of these two orders shall we aid by the 

teaching and example of our lives ? Let not anyone, 

say there is an intermediate order superior to both. 

Such an idea is a delusion and a snare. Those- who 

belong to the "intermediate order" are o:i a steep 

inclined plane, along which some may walk ii 

seeming safety, bnt who are in a position of "un 

stable equilibrium," between a land of security on th 

one side and a bottomless abyss on the other, over the 

hriak of who-e precipices some of their companions 

are continually disappearing. — The Crusade. 


By Ella Wheeler. 

The heart of a Templar is never cold, 

Nor stands it aloof from a brother, 
And his hand is steady and always ready 

To clasp the hand of another. 
In God's great Book, where but angels look, 

On pages of spotless beauty, 
Are written in letters of living light 

A Templar "s vow and his duty. 
B For ever and ever," the promise reads, 

For ever and ever 'twas given. 
And who keeps or breaks the pledge that he takes, 

Must meet the record iu Heaven. 
Onr Ord a r is noble and grand and strong 

And is gathering strength each hour, 
And the good of the earth proclaim its worth 

While the foe turns pale at its power. 
Enlisted for life to engage in this strife, 

Step by step mirch on to your bat'les, 
You fight in your might for the truth and the right, 

Thoogh never a cannon rattles. 
For the tongue and the/w« are the swords of our men 

And prayer keeps them whetted and polished ; 
'hev will let God's light ii 

Till the truffle of death i 

ensed sin, 

the foe 
sed your aid 
morrow ; 
out of the way of higher influences. It i'sthe business I There are beautiful soals going down in the bowls 
of a civilised government to deil thoroughly and There are homes that ara hardened with sorrow, 
directly with an evil of the description of the licensed I There 
liquor traffic. Hug 

II.— The D.O.O.D. Wemi 

One of the most numerous of tho great classes of] We 
civilisel society is the D.O.O.D, which maybe ex- 
pressed as the Dependent Order of Drunkards. 

onrning captives all over the earth, 

the fetters that bind them, 

>.w them the light, we must set them aright, 

work for th?ni ail as we find them. 


On Good Friday, in most auspicious weather, the 
Temperance community of London assembled in 
Southwark Park to do honour to the memory of tha 
late Jib 2 West, the Bermondsey tanner, 
and witness the unveiling of the drinking fountain 
erected in this park by permission of the Metropolitan 
Board of Works, in commemoration of the grand 
work accomplished for Temperance by this earnest 
zealot of the cause. It was computed that nearly 
70,000 people thus spent their 'Good Friday after- 
noon and to the credit of all concerned, be 
it said, the conduct of the immense assemblage was 
most orderly and good humoured. Ninety-six Lodges 
oi the Sons of Phcenix, Good Temp ars and other 
organisations took part, and we understand there were 
banners present also from Irelnnd and Scotland. The 
procession, numbers of which came from all over 
London, arrived at the park about 3 p.m. and shortly 
after a party consisting of Mr. Benjamin Whit- 
worth, M.P., Mr. A. Cohen, Q.C., M.P., Pro- 
fessor Rogers, M.P., the Rev. Dr. Dawson Burns, 
Rev. J. M. Camp, Rev. J. H. Carlile, Rev. G. W. M'Cree, 
Rev. G, M. Murphy, Mr. Alexander Hawkins, Mr. W. 
Shepherd, Mr. Andrew Dunn, Mr. John Hilton, and 
several ladies, accompanied by the juvenile members 
of the Phcenix Order and a fife-and-drnm band, assem- 
bled in the vicinity of the fountain. Mr. Whit worth 
then performed the ceremony of unveiling it, and 
declared it open for public use. The fountain is of 
gr«y granite, standing 10ft. high, with four jets of 
water.and bears the following inscription: — "Erected, 
by public subscriptions, to commemorate the life and 
labours of Jabez West, working-man Temperance 
advocate— 'A rare specimen of a rare class,' Dr. 
Burns," Addres-es were then given by Mr Whit worth, 
Profts3or Rogers, and Dr. Dawson Burns, and the 
proceedings closed by a vote of thanks to the chairman. 

the evening a public tea and meeting were held. 

I With j 

comprehends persons of all grades and classes of 
BOciety. It draws its membership from bar and pulpit, 
from forum and senate; but differ as they may in 
position, in. education, in social surroundings, ability 
or culture, they f*re brought into one fellowship and 
rednced to one common level. We lay before our 
readers the five principal dgrees of the D.O.O.D, 

First. We see the young man. intelligent, courteous 
and polite, accepting the cup at the hand of some 
young lady, and drinking her health in liquor that 
ruins his own. Well-dressed, with fair promise and 
bright prospects before him, we see nothing that 
Bhould hinder him from rising to the highest stations 
and occupying the most influential positions were it 
not for that cup which contains within itself the 
promise and power of all sorrow, degradation, Bhame, 
ani death. 

Second. He who learned hi3 first lesson 
parlour of the gay and refined has taken another 
degree iu the gilded saloon, where jovial visitors 
accompany, and vulgar jokes and nameless vices wait 
to drag the unwary victim of intemperance down 
the tomb. 

Third. A little later we see him again. A th: 
degree is taken. In the public-house he drinks deeply, 
and bis battered hat, buttonless vest, patched 
garments, and look of general seediness, tell us the 
effeot of the maddening poison upon hi 

Fourth. A short journey brings him to another 
degree, The relics of gentility are gone ; eoarless and 
ragged, his shaking hand and gross and reddened 
countenance shew that he has drunk up everything 
that made life joyous or this world a place of peace 
and blessing. 

Fifth. One more degree shews us what strong drink 
will do for the strongest man. No man was ever 
mighty enough ever to wrestle with the bottle. He is 
always thrown at last. His body a mass of bloated 
disease, his heart a den of foul and beastly passions, 
bis countenance marred and sensualised be vend 
all power of description, in rag* and tatters, homeless 
and friendless, he travels his short journey to the 
darkness of the tomh. Some oay the tidings come that 
he is found dead— dead by the wav^ide, with a bottle 
in his pocket ; dead in the snowdrift, coming home 
from a drunken debauch ; dead in his wretched hovel, 
with no one to smooth his dying pillow , or minister to 
him in his closing hours. The end has come. The 
warnings of God and man have been in vain. He his 
passed through the varying degrees of evil hibit. He 
ha? been initiated into the mysteries of Satan's Lodge. 
and at list his existence is wrecked, his life is lost, 
and he awaits the sentence of the Almighty Judgp 
Who has taught ns that ''nodraokard shall inherit 
the kingdom of Heaven." 

inng Faith, that is stronger thandeith, 

We must work while the darhang o'er ns, 
We are brave and strong, and our battle song 

Has Hope for the ringing chorus. 
With Charity broad as the mercy of God, 

We must lift up the fallen neighbour, 
And the Lord's dear band, in the angsl land, 

Will smile on our blessed labour, 

A SMALLboy was summoned to give witness against 
his father, who had been making a disturbance on 
the street the evening before. The Bailie said to 
him, "Come, now, my wee man ; you are too 
young to take the oath, but speak the truth, and 
let us hear all you know about this affair." "Weel, 
sir, dae you ken George Fourth Brig." " Weel that, 
laddie." " Weel, you gang alang it, and when you turn : brought. rne 
the corner, you gang up the High-street." " Deed die t fresLl tlial mad e 
you, laddie, you're a clever ane." " Weel, you gang on 
till you come to a pump." " Yes, yes ; I ken it fine." 
" Weel, you can gang and pump it, for you'll no pump 

Public-houses in Scotland. — A return has just 
been presented to Parliament shewing the number of 
public-houses and other premises in which excisable 
liquors are sold in Scotland, with the relative popu- | " h i 

■ gthe 40 years ending Whit Sunday Me ^ J^ 


1881. From this it appears that 

Lanark in 1861 there was a total of 028 inns, hotels, 

publie-honses, kc, to a population of 199,983 ; 

in 1871, 766 to 248,645 ; 1881, 966 to 372,894. In 

Glasgow in 1841 there were 2,346 houses to 255,650 

people; in 1851, 2,403 to 329,097; 1861, 2,159 to 

301864 j 1871, 2,291 to 477,156; 1881, 2,405 to | ^ p eD 

a long time before the House knew that Sir 
Wilfrid Lawson was a humorist. For several y-^ars — 
fact, all through the Parliament of 1868 — Sir 
Wilfrid had been letting off little jokes from below 
the gangway ; but nobody laughed. One day, early 
"n the first Session of the new Parliament of 1874, ho 
got up in his usual way and made one of his accus- 
tomed jokes. Somebody laughed, at which unwonted 
accompaniment the House looked into the matter, saw 
there was a joke, and the laughter became general. 
Sir Wilfrid's reputation as a humorist was straight- 
way made, and at one bound he reached the proud 
position he still holds. — The Xoneonf«rmist. 

The Cultivation op Tea in Italy.— The French 
Consul at Naples gives an interesting account, in his 
last report, of the attempts which have been made 
to acclimatise the tea plant in Italy. The first is said 
to have been made by the English during their occu- 
pation of Sicily at the beginning of the century, 
when the plmt reached th^ height of 6ft. in the open 
air. _ There is no proof, however, that any crop was 
obtained, and no further attempt seems to have heen 
made until 1871, when some seeds were sown at Cal- 
tanisetta, which is in much the same latitude as 
Jamascioro (in Japan), from which place they were 
s never sprouted, and a 
1875 with another variety, 
ihethea sinensis, also prowd a failure. The 

Government, however, which had taken up the ques- 
tion, was not discouraged, and after weighing the 
various opinions which it had elicited, made several 
fresh plantations of the a sinensis in the zone com- 
prised between Florence, Naples, and Sicily. Thesa 
I plantations alsocimeto no'hing, but Signer d'Amico, 
J roprietor in the Province of Messina, was 
hibit, at the Agricultural Show held at 
than 100 plants of the 

The People's Voice on Local Option.— The 
plebiscites on the subject of the suppression of the 
liquor tralfic continue to be taken in Scottish com- 
munities with an almost nniform result in every 
part of the country. At Renton, in the Vale of 
Leven, 1,388 persons voted in favonr of giving the 
people the power to suppress, only 71 voting in 
the regative, while 54 were neutral and 111 re- 
turned the papers blank. The paperB were signed 
by both males and females of 18 years and 
Is. At Campbeltown also, a central seat of the 
distilling intere-t, a plebiscite has been courageously 
taken ; there 1,000 carris were issued to the electors 
of the burgh, and of these 517 were returned, of 
h 388 Hgaiust 46 voted for placing the control of 
the licences in the ba-.ds of the people, and 337 
against 73 for the abolition of the liquor traffic. In 
Perth 1,608 have voted for, and 435 against, prohibi- 
tion by the direct vote of the ratepayers. — Christian 

thea sinensis, three years old, which had been grown 
in the open. Professor Beccari, too, who has been 
to India for the purpose of investigating the growth 
of tea, is of opinion that there is no reason why it 
should not succeed in Italy if the plants and the 
brought from a climate similar to that of 
for the fact o* its growing in the 
open air along the Riviera, upon the shores of Lago 
Maggiore, and at Florence proves that it is to a 
certain extent a hardy plant. If it has not been 
more generally grown in Italy hitherto, this is, Pro- 
fessor Beccari thinks, because the mode of cultiva- 
tion has been all wrong, The Italians have thought 
that the plant wanted shade, whereas in India and 
China it is grown in every open ground and upon a 
soil which contains a large proportion of sand and 
oxide of iron. He recommends, therefore, that it 
should be planted in land not too dry, and in a soil 
preserving enough moinnre to aliment the plants, 
such as the olive-yrowing fields of the Riviera, the 
Marerama, and Southern Italy, and that the plants 
should be brought from the coldest provinces of 
Japan. The Iralian Minister of Agriculture hats deter- 
mine! Co act upon Prufea-or Beccari'-* report, and Ins 
already sent a large order to Japan, besides buying a 
number of plants from a laudeo proprietor at Pallanza, 
in tho Province of Novara, who has met with a fair 
amount of success in his experiments. 



April 13, 1885. 


K??£3-crx.x«»s toesp^i^hsi^^ivtob «SC ooiviivie^ciai- hotel 

Within Ave minutes' walk of Great Northern, Midland, London and North Western Stations. Easily reached from Great Western 
and Great Eastern by Metropolitan Railway tnii Oower-street and Kinjr'B Cross Frequent Omnibuses from South Eastern, London 
Chatham, and IVtvpr and Routll ffftrtein Mntinns "fomlnit with nmnnm? " Tuntf r a rH on application 

TlfcAStfTER.'** T E IWfc :E* E R, -A. IC O E EI O T E X. , 

7, 8, 9, Bridgewater Sq-, Barbican, London, E.C. 

Visitors to London will find many advances by staying at this quiet, clean, homo-like and comfortable hotel. Most centra] 
for business or pleasure. Ne'ar St. I'mil's OiithMnd, H.I'.O., iindiill places of interest ; two minutus' walk from Alders .rnt-vstr. rt 
and five from Moorpat^-strwt Mutmp..[it;u. Kail wav St iti<m< ; Tvrmini of the Great Western, Great Northern, Great Eastern, 

Care, BussG3, every three minuto3, to all 

of Sitting- morns, .to. Breakfast or Tea from If. 
. ™ Americans anci'othors desirin- it. " VISITORS' GUIDE TO LoNDuN : 
■ With Sketch Map and Tariff, post free on application Jo G. T. S. TK1XTE II, 
Lodge, best ani 1 laiyo-.t I ■<> Ige in Londr *~ 
and their friends. Established 1859. 

Midland, L. and N. W , L. C. and Dover, and in connection with ALL K uhv ivs, 
parts of London and Suburbs. Terms— Beds Is. 0d.,2s., 2s. 6d. por day, with 
No chartre for attendance. Special inclusi 

nlf-ra of <;«>od Tcmpla 

important Jtotite to JUiberttsets. 

We would Impress upon Advertisers the facilities 
•ffered in oar columns. The extensive circulation of the 
Watchword— the Official Organ of the Grand Lodge- 
should commend it as an excellent medium for communi- 
cating matters relating not only to Temperance, but to 
business generally. The most prominent position in the 
aper is given to the announcements of Anniversaries 
Ajinual or Public Meetings, Leotures, 
Bazaars &c, at the following rates : 

For ( One insertion 4g. Od. \ Any Bpaoe 

one Inoh< Two insertions at — 3b. 6d. Vmore or les 

of (Three „ „ ... 3s. Od. j at the 

Space. * Four and beyond .. .. 2b.6A. j same rate. 
Including a reference to the Event in the *' Forthcoming 
Events" column. 

We would also direct attention to announcements 
classified nnder the head of 


Such noticee frequently reach ns as News. We can 
only publish them however, as Advertisements, giving 
them Special Fiiblicity, at very Cheap rates viz. : 

So that for the low charge of 6d.aPublicMeeting can be 
advertised in all the Lodges, and to the most active Tem- 
perance Workers in every Town in England, thus afford- 
ing efficient local publicity, and frequently leading to the 
attendance of travellers and others visiting the districts. 
Beyond 24 Words the charge is 3d. for every additional 
six Words. 




Will be held in tin 


On APRIL 21st, 22nd, 23rd, & 24th, 1885. 

The Exhibition will be opened at 3 p.m. each day as follows : — 

April 2Ut. J. O'Connor Power, Esq., M.P. 

April 22nd. Profesaor Tnorold Rogers, M.P 

April 23rd. Lewis Mclver, Esq. 

April 2ith. Joseph Malins, Esq., G.W.CT. 


SISTER INSULL will be glad to receive CONTRI- 
which may be sent to 21, Burton-crescent. London, W.C, 


Choirs Nos. 1 and 2. 

Every Saturday.— Mori ey Hall, Hackney, and Public 

Hall, Peckham. 

April 14.— Bromley, Kent. 

Choir No. 3. 

April 13 to 18.— Drill Hall, Derby. 

National Temperance Fete, 

TUESDAY, JULY 14. 1885. 

Under the Auspices of the 

Independent Order of Good Templars. 


Great Gospel Temperance Meetings, 

To be addressed by Representatives from all parts of 
the Kingdom, and Members of Parliament. 



CHORAL CONCERTS by 10,000 Abstainers. 

Conductor - - - Mr. G. W. WILLIAMS. 
And a Temperance Choir Contest for PRIZES value £40. 




Of the Grand Lodge of England. 

CRICKET MATCHES and otlier Athletic and 
Village Sports. 

Grand Procession of Temperance Orders 
and Societies, 



Grand Display of Fountains. 

The Gardens in all their Summer Beauty. 

Tlic Grand Day of the year. , 
For further particulars apply to— 

WM. PARNCUTT, Hon. Sec, 


€ntittamcrs anb Jltibocates. 



Containing Articles and Papers on a variety of sub- 
jects, contributed by Past and Piesent G.L. Officers and 
other prominent members of the Order. Portraits of 
eminent persons and other illustrations, Poetry, Reports 
of Crystal Palace Fete, of Temperance Hospital and 
Orphanage Meetings, and of tho Annual and other Meet- 
ings of Kindred ( irganisations, Literary Notices, Letters 
to the Editor, Obituary Notices, a Serial Tale—" Brothers 
in Temptation," several complete Stories, &c. 

Strongly hound in cloth, gilt lettered t 


Carriage Paid. 


O SEND to BOWERS Bros., 89, Blackfriars- 
road, London, E.C., for any description of Printing. 
10,000 Handbills, 14s. Gd. ; 1,000 Memorandums, 5s. 
Paper Bags and all the multiform varieties of Trade 
Printing. Cheapest and best house in the trade, 



for Meetings and general distribution. 1,000, 4s. 6d. 
500, Ss. 3d., with Dotice at back. QuantitiesJJs. per 1,000 
Posters, 20m. by 30in., 100, 9s. ; Window Bills, 4s. per 
100 in good style. Pledge Cards and all requisites 
Send name and address and one stamp for sample 
Estimates for all cUssob of work. Orders per return Post 

(I.O.G.T.), tho famous Ventriloquist, Magician, 
and Humorist, attends Bazaars, Petes, and Schools. For 
Programme, address Pr»f. Bourne, Hoxton, London, 
mentioning this paper. " In consequence of tho great 
success, the Bazaar will be continued till the 30th, when 
Prof. Bouhnr will repeat his marvellous performance, 
which proved Buch an attraction on the 28th that four 
performances were given on the 29th." — Vide Press. 


After nearly thirty years' GRATUITOUS Services in 
almost every county in England, and for every branch of 
the Temperance Movement, and Evangelical Church, I 

GELISTIC and Temperance Work. I am therefore open 
to Lecture, Preach, or conduct Missions anywhere, on 
very moderate terms ; and my son is now arranging my 
tours for the coming season. — Apply early to CHAS. A. 
BRAMLEY, Whitley, Newcastle- on -Tyne. (Signed) 
JOHN BRAMLEY, Newcastle, March, 1885, 


EMPLOYMENT. I Want 1,000 Agents to 
Canvass for The Complete Herbalist. I will give 
such terms and furnish such Advertising Facilities that 
no man need make less than £30 per month, no matter 
whether he ever canvassed before or not.— Address, Fredk. 
W. Hale, 61, Chandos-street, Covent Garden, London, 
and full particulars will be sent by return post. 

WANTED, in every town and village, an 
energetic and persevering Hawking Agent 
(male or female) to sell our goods to consumers and 
shopkeepers ; must be a person of good character, able to 
give references and small security if required.— Apply, 
with full particulars, enclosing stamped addressed 
envelope, to Henry's Patent Stone and Metal 
Company (Registered). Stoke-on-Trent. 

ALL UNEMPLOYED may have work for a 
week, month, or year ; good terms. — Two stamps 
to Manager, 16, Arden-street, New Bro mpton, Chatham. 


Jj<& and honestly realised by persons of either 
sex, without hindrance to present occupation. — For 
particulars and Sample enclose addressed envelope to 
Evans, Watts, & Company, (P 112), Merchants, Bir- 
mingham.— Thit ' 


The friends of the late Rev. G. M. Parker, of Walpole, 
propose to present his widow with a testimonial ex- 
pressive of their appreciation of his Christian character 
and work. 
You are invited to contribute. 

Any of the below-mentioned gentlemen will be glad to 
receive donations. 

Rev.A.A.Dowsett, Halesworth, Mr. B. Roe, Haleawoith, 
Mr. C. Haward, „ „ W. ItignaU, „ 

„ S. W. Hadingham, „ ,. E. Francis, „ 

,, O. G. Rackham.Wenhaaton. „ Garrould, Cookley. 
„ J. J. Mayhew, South wold. ,, Symonda, Walpole.. 
,, John Kemps ter, G. T. Watchword Office, London 


Mr. J. R. Macdonald having requested the Liverpool 
Young Men's Temperance Association to devote the fund 
raised as a testimonial to him to giving PRIZES for 
has been decided to offer the following Prizes. — 

One Prize of £10 I Four Prizes of £2 each. 

One Prize of £5 | Eight Prizes of £1 each. 

Sixteen Prizes of 10s. 

The songs to which prizes may be awarded become the 
exclusive property of the trustees of the Liverpool Young 
Men's Temperance Association. Each song must contain 
not more than 400 words. 

Songs for competition are to be sent in not later than 
May !>, 1885, and addressed to Mr. E. BORELAND, 119, 
Great George-street Liverpool. 



With copious valuable notes. 



With 20 full pasre plates drawn by Bernasconi. 

Suitable for an Evening Public Reading. 
Handsomely bound ; cloth gilt, Is. 6d. 

London: JOHN KEMPSTER and CO. 

3, Bolt Court, Fleet Street, London, E.C. ; 

or at the Grand Lodge Office. 

"VTEW MUSIC. — Anniversary Hymn — " Onck 
-L* Again.' Written and composed by Bro. Rev. 
James Yeam6». "Faith, Hope and Chabity." Words 
by W. C. Jones; Music by L. O. Emerton. On one 
sheet, and being Mo. 4 of the "Sunrise" Series 
Both notations ; post free Id. for one copy, 6 for 3d. 
2 for 6d., 25 for Is., 100 for 4s. 

London : JOHN KEMPSTER & CO.. 
Bolt-court, Fleet-street, E,C. 

April 13, 1885. 




"Good Templars' Watchword" 

Will be a Double Number, 

And will be Published on 

Friday, April 17, 1885, 

'For the following Monday. 


It will also contain a Full Report of 


At the Winchester Assizes in November last, 
together with the 



Outline Portraits of the leading Actors 

EARLY ORDERS should be given to secure 
copies of this special issue. 

Important to Advertisers. 

testimonial to Alderman J. J. Norton in recognition of 
his splendid action in connection with the licensing 
proseoutions at Poole. Mr. J. F. Ruttsr presided. The 
testimonial took the form of a handsome epsrgne in 
oxidized silver, and gold relief,with four figures uphold- 
ing the centre dish, designed to represent Europe, 
Asia, Africa, and America, with cupids supporting 
those on each side. The medallion in front bears 
the following inscription : — " Presented by public 
subscription to Alderman J. J. Norton, in recognition 
of his efforts to enforce the due execution of the 
Licensing Laws at Poole, and as an expression of 
sympathy in the persecution that action provoked. 
April 8, 13S5." The presentation also included a 
hunting watch for Mr. Norton, a portrait-album of a 
very handsome design for Mrs. Norton, aud a stereo- 
scope of the best make for their children. The amount 
subscribed for this purpose was nearly £150. 


Situations Wanted & Vacant 


24 Words, Sixpence. 

Address . — Good Templabs' Watchword Office, 
3, Bolt court, Fleet-street, E.O. 



AMi-Dyspcptie Cocoa or Chocolate Powder, 



With the Excess of fat Extracted. 

iavalaablo for Iavalida and Young Children. 

Being without sugar, spice, or other admixture It suits all 
palates, keops for year* in all climates, and is four times the 
strength , of cocoas thickened yet weakened with arrowroot, 

starch, Ac., and in reality cheaper than such Mixtures. 
M*d« instantaneously with boiling water, a teaspoonful to a 

Breakfast Cup, costing leas than a Half-penny. 

Cocoatlna possesses remarkable sustaining properties, 

and is specially adapted for early Breakfast. 

Bold by Cuemista and Grocers, in tins, at 1b. (3d., 3a., 5s. 6d , A« 
ILBOHWEITZEii A CO.. lO.Adam.streat, 3 traud, Loudon ,W.O 


MONDAY, APRIL 13, 1885. 

The "Coach and Horses," Poole.— An appeal was 
heard at the Dorset Quarter Sessions on Wednesday 
last, at Dorchester, against the decision of the Poole 
magistrates, refusing to renew the licence of the 
Coach and Horses Inn. It will be remembered that 
this licence with others was taken away in conse- 
quence of the evidence collected by Mr. Norton, by 
means of detectives, and quite recently an attempt 
was made to recover the same, which, however, by the 
determined efforts of Alderman Norton proved unsuc- 
cessful. The owner of the house was the appellant. 
Mr. Candy and Mr. Budge were for him, and Mr, Foot 
for six of the Poole magistrates. The Court, after a 
lengthened hearing, decided to confirm the justices' 
decision, on the ground that Mr. Marston, the land- 
lord, is not the tenant or occupier as required. 

Presentation to Alderman J. J. Norton.— 
On Wednesday evening last, Amity Hall, Poole, was 
crowded by friends to witness the presentation of a 

On Thursday last Parliament re-assembled after the 
Easter recess. The following bills relating to the 
liquor traffic are now before the House of Commons :— 
Mr. Stevenson's English Sunday Closing Bill is fixed for 
second reading, in the first place on April 15 ; Sir J. 
W. Pease's bill is the second order on the same day ; 
Mr. T. Fry's Durham Sunday Closing Bill is the 
fourth order for the same sitting ; and Mr. Jerning- 
ham's bill for Northumberland stands next on the list, 
all for April 15 ; Mr. M'Lagan's Local Veto (Scot- 
land) Bill has the second place on April 29 ; on 
May 13, Mr. Vivian's Cornwall Sunday Closing 
Bill stands as the second order ; Mr. Storer's Beer 
Adulteration Bill has a similar position on July 1. 


In the House of Commons on Monday, March 30, 
Mr. T. P. O'Connor put the following questions to the 
Home Secretary : — 

Whether the evidence on which Detective Henry 
Williams (in the Poole perjury case) was convicted 
of wilful and corrupt perjury at the Winchester 
Assizes, and sentenced to seven years' penal servitude, 
was exclusively that of persons pecuniarily oi 
criminally implicated by Williams' evidence ; 
whether the Baid perjury as alleged to be 
proved by such evidenr-e was anything more 
than a discrepancy between the statements 
of Williams and those of the prosecuting witnesses as 
to the length of time spent in a public-house by a 
police superintendent, and as to the quantity of drink 
the said superintendent consumed; whether, having 
examined the report of the cas?, the Home Secretary 
is able to state that for such a crime, even if con- 
clusively proved, a heavier sentence than three months' 
imprisonment had ever been passed ; and whether, 
having declined to interfere with the sentence, the 
Home Secretary is willing to lay on the table of the 
House the documents upon which he based hii 

Sir W. Harcourt replied : I have carefully examined 
in consultation with the judge, the evidence on which 
Detective Henry Williams was convicted of wilful and 
corrnpt perjury at the Winchester As3izes, and sen- 
tenced to seven years' penal servitude, and I found no 
ground for interfering with the verdict of the jury, 
and do not see my way to lay the papers on the table. 

Sons of Temperance.— The annual public meet- 
ing of the London Grand Division was held on March 
30, at Tolmers-square Institute, Bro. Robinson, G.W.P. 
of Brighton, presided. The report for the past year 
shewed that the receipts for the benefit fund amounted 
to £4,959, being £799 in excess of the receipts for 
1883, the balance saved during the year amounted to 
£2,443 ; the membership had increased 350, being now 
3,630 ; 627 members, or 17J per cent, claimed sick 
benefits, representing 20,350 days of sickness, at a cost 
of £2,171, the total average sickness for the year 
being 5J days per head ; 20 deaths incurred an expen- 
diture of £265, being one death to every 1S1 members, 
or about 5§ per 1,000. The total amount of funds in 
hand is £19,301. Dr. J. J. Ridge and Mr. W. Wight- 
man spoke as to the advantages of the Order, 


If there is any man, or any body of men, in Scotland 
who could successfully urge Temperance eleotors to 
take high ground, and to act with decision, the for- 
tress of the liquor traino would speedily fall into their 
hands. We have plenty of writing and an abundance 
of talk, but we need brave and heroic action. It is 
when we propose deliberate and serious action that we 
find the drag put on — and put on, too,by very lingular 
hands. The old politicians will never give us what we 
want. Oar minds may be made up for that, but there 
is a new race of politicians coming on the field, with 
minds open to the best influences of the age» 
and if we fail to impress our opinions upon them, we 
shall be false to the prohibitory movement. The other 
day there was a satisfactory announcement given in a 
Temperance print that there was to be no levelling 
down now to the line of others. The emphatic declara- 
tion has been made and the programme adopted that 
the demand must be for " the suppression of the 
manufacture, and importation, and common sale of 
intoxicating drink." Grand 1 But we look around 
about us and see elections taking place in different 
parts of the country. Candidates are in a most impres- 
sionable condition of mind, seeking to be sent to the 
British Parliament to represent the people, but we do 
not find our friends who employed this exalted 
phraseology taking any special interest in or making 
any particular effort to get these high doctrines laid 
before them. There can be no great objections to our 
having a tune or two upon the high-sounding cym- 
bals, but we must have these tunes followed up 
with corresponding action, or they will have no melody 
for us. We can only get prohibition through the 
action of those whom we send to represent us in the 
House of Commons. And if we take no steps at a 
time when we can put our stamp upon them to secure 
their adhesion to our principles, our big words 
evaporate into air. Let those whom this may con- 
cern give us action as well as swelling words, and 
we shall be the first to applaud the deeds. If a 
veto power is too low a platform, the higher demand 
will never be of any use as long as it remains 
on paper and never brought into action. Sending 
men to Parliament and then petitioning them to do 
certain things for us which are v.tal to the stability 
and welfare of the State is not, to say the least, a very 
dignified mode of procedure. It is safer and wiser to 
pledge them to take action before we send them there, 
and to pledge them when we can put our impress upon 
them. The Temperance party is much stronger politi- 
cally in the constituencies than most people imagine, 
but their courage and penetration, in many 
cases, have not been equal to their strength, 
hence they have been easily induced to lay aside 
their Temperance principles for party purposes. 
Clever politicians have promised them many things 
which have not been of much value to them or to the 
country. Those who go for a householders' veto will 
doubtless rub their hands with glee if they witness a 
body of men shooting ahead of them for an imperial 
law to crush the whole traffic ; but, alas I there 
is no evidence that this has ever been 
done. Meanwhile, the whole attentiom of the 
people and statesmen is absorbed with other 
matters. The question of the drink traffic and all the 
misery it entails on the country is all but lost sight 
of, and never a word is said by Prime Minister or or- 
dinary M. P. on the subject. Demonstrations are the 
order of the day, and earnest social reformers have to 
stand aside powerless to advance their cause. The tide 
will shortly turn, it is to be hoped, and then there 
shall be a loud demand made for a hill to enable the 
people to free themselves of this monster that 
oppresses them. — Christian News, 

Correction.— In reprinting correspondence between 
Bro. Malins and the brewer, a printer's error occurred 
in our last. It is not the spirits, but the "sprits" 
which the maltster sells for cattle food. 

United Kingdom Band of Hope Union. — The 
annual gathering of senior members of Metropolitan 
and Suburban Bands of Hope was held on Wednesday 
evening last at Exeter Hall, under the presidency of 
Admiral Sir W. King Hall. The Rev. E. A. Stuart,M.A., 
gave an address on " Is there not a Cause 1 " and Dr. 
A. Carpenter spoke on " The Danger of Moderation." 
In the course of his remarks Dr. Carpenter said that 
in his private practice the result of a calculation he 
had made had been that, whereas the average doctor's 
bill amongst strong drinkers was £9,it was only about 
£3 amongst abstainers. The Rev. D. Davies also ad- 
dressed the meeting, which was agreeably enlivened 
by an excellent programme by a choir conducted bv 
Mr. A. Bond. 

Situations Vacant and Wanted.— Our charge for 
this class of advertisement is 24 words for sixpence. 
Every additional six words, threepence,— [Ad vt.] 



April 13, 1885. 

All communications to be addressed THE EDITOR 
court, Fleet-street, London, E.G. 

The ' News of the Lodges" should constitute a public record fo 
the important events in connection with ordinary Lodge 
Sessions, Public Meetings, Anniversaries, &o., in connection 
with the Order. It should refer, not to matters of mere 
looal interest and to the every-day occurrences of ordinary 
Lodge Sessions, but to such matters as are of national 
importance, interesting alike to all classes of readers 
stimulating some, encouraging others, and rejoicing all 
For this purpose it should make mention of Essays and 
Papers read, of competitions in Reciting, Reading, and 
Singing, Temperance Bees, Question Box, and such like. 
And, Once a Quarter, the total number iuitiated or admitted 
by c.c, the total of membership, &c, may bo given. Singing, 
Reoitlng, to., at ordinary Lodge Sessions should not be 
reported, as the same names of singers, rooiters, Ac, occur 
week after week, and such news can only be of limited local 
nterest. When, howover, a Publio Anniversary, or other 
Meeting or Demonstration in connection with the Order 
takes place, the names may be given of the chairman and of 
those taking part, and tosavespacotheseshouldbe classified 

thua : Chairman, . Songs by , Reoitations by 

&c, to. 

Lodge Hews should be sent as early as possible, and 
cannot bo received after Tuesday morning for Insertion 
In the following issue, except from Lodges meeting on 
Tuesday night, from which reports can be taken up to 
10 a.m. on Wednesday. 


Kilburn.— " President Garfield." April 2. 
mitted by c.c. Visit of Bro. W. Lucas, V.D. 
Macrow, V.D. Each gave a short address, 
steadily progressing. 

Chelsea.— "Marlborough." March 31. One admitted 
on a.c. and one initiated. Bro. T. O. Maorow acting 
W.C.T. Recommendations of L.L>. and E.D. Bro. T. 
C. Macrow recommended for the eighth time a-. L.D. 
Bro. E. Humplieraon recommended as E.D. Lodge ad- 
journed at 9.15 p.m to attend aggregate meeting at 

Hackney.— "Hackney Mission." March 24. Bro. 
Fige's birthday ; session in small hall ; good attendance, 
including Bro Gover. D.S.J.T., Bro. Gibson, V.D., 
Sister Gibson,W.D.V.T.,Bro. R. W. Thomas, W.D.A.S., 
Bro. Hanlon, CD. ; social evening spent, refreshments 
provided ; Sister Matthews sang a song in honour of the 
evening; vote of congratulation to Bro. Ilge; Bro. 
Gover, D.S.J.T., urged the members to support the J.T. 
started that evening ; bro. Le Sage recommended as 
L.D. and Bro. Figas E.D.— March 31. Coffee supper 
and entertainment ; good attendance; Bro. H. C. W. 
Newell W.C.T., presided ; dialogues, solos, duets, 
piano solos and recitations by the Hackney Mission J.T. 
and their friends, and by Sibter Drake, W.Cb., Sister 
Munden, Bro. Green and other members ; speech by Bro. 

Stratford'.— "Beaoon Light." March 25. Bro. T. 
Hainee re-elected L.D. ; Bro. William Dewell, elected 
E.D. " Sing a verse, say a verse, or pay a, penny," was 
carried out ; the members not being satisfied with singing 
and reciting, paid the penny also. The LoJge is pro 

Kingeland.— "Citizen." March 23. Very good at 
tendance; one initiated; the brothers surprised th< 
sisters With fruit, &o., and Bro. Powell in celebration of 
his birthday, provided cake ; a most enjoyable evening 
was spent ; songs, recitations, fcc; gieetlngs exchanged 
with the Hull Union Lodge and others. Bros. Powell 
and Farthing re-elected L.D. and E.D. 

Chelsea.— "Margaret McCurrey." March 25. Pound 
night ; a very pleasant and profitable session ; a number 
of parcels being disposed of for benefit of Samaritan 
Fund and contents of parcels handed round. Bro. 
Binden acted as the auctioneers. 

Chelsea.— "James McCurrey." March 20. Model 

initiation wilh searching ci iti.ji.-ul afterwards. Bro. W. 

Sutherland, W.D.Co., and Bro. Jones, D.E.D., who were 

present, took part in the discussion. 

Leicester-square. — "Orauge Branch." March 30. 

_. a vrr o\„.„ e W.C.T. , presided ; public admitted 

1 sacred 60iigs were given by Bisters 

Coskry, Ferguson, Murray, and Byrne, 

■ ; addresses by Sister Pownoy and Bro. 

neetiug, large 

Abdwick.—" Faithful and True." March 12. 
Report on public entertainment. Profit 10s. 
voted to Lodge funds. Question - box. 
Questions answered by Bros. Morley, Pickering, 
and Ellis ; much useful information was elicited : very 
pleasant session.— March 10. Visit of Loyal Rob3rt 
(Vhitworth Lod-e and entertained. —March 2li. Recom- 
mendations of Bro. J. Mils as L D., and Bro. H. S. 

nodwin as E.D. Bro. Tolton.P.D.Sec, read his paper. 

The Platfarm of tho Temperance Party. " A short 
entertainment followed. 

Leeds.— "Nil Desperandum." March 20. Ihe 

sters provided the programme after the conclusion of 
the ordinary business. Sister Wilkinson, on being called 
to the chair said that the first item on her list was the 
presentation to Bro. James Shaw, W.D.Co., of an 
album, subscribed for by the sisters of the Lodge, 
a token of their esteem for him, and as a momento 
of the 50th anniversary of his signing tho pledge. Bro 
Shaw responded in feeling terms, After this songs and 
recitations were given in excellent style by the sisters. 

Exeter.— "Mathow the Miller." March 20. A sur- 
prise visit by members of Degree Temples. Bro. Oasely 
presiding. One initiated and two proposed. Bro. 
Warren and Bro. Langworthy were recommended as E.D. 
andL.D. respectively. A very agreeable evening ivm spent. 

Bodmin.—" Crusaders." March 16. Two initiated. 
Certificates read on the appointments of L.D. and E.D. 
for the ensuing vear, and the Negro Mission Circular was 
also read ; afterwards the Lodge was officered by sisters 
and entertained bv brothers.— March 23. Bro. German 
recommended as L.D., and Bro. Weale, sen., recom- 
mended as E.D. 

Gbavesend.— " Star of GraveBend." March 13. 
Quarterly soirtie ; a good attendance and good supply of 
provisions. Bro. Maplesden presided : songs, duets, 
readings, &c.,by Misses Waters, Munns, Kemp, Higgins, 
and others ; several names given in to join the Lodge.— 
March 20. Four initiated, and one readmitted ; Tim. 
Thilthorpe elected L.D., and Bro. Hopkins, L.E.D. Thd 
brothers surprised the sisters with a lare,e supply of 

BarrOW-iN-Forness.— " Furness. March IS. A very 
instructive and interesting lecture by Bro. Rev. J. 
Hughes, subject, " War. War, to the Knife." The 
chair was occupied by Bro. A. L. Garnett, P.D.C.T. 
Several names were given in for membership. 

Lincoln.—" Lindura." March 4. An entertainment 
held for the benefit of brothers out of work. Bro. G. 
Price D.V.D., presided. Songs by Miss Elstrap, Miss 
Parkin, the Misses Crosby, and Mr. J. Walker ; recita- 

by Sisters Worth and Calvert and Bro. Linton ; 

instrumental quartetts by the Lincoln Temperance Brass 
Band ; selection (violin) Mr. Crosby ; upwards of £2 
realised— March 11. A coffee supper was P""™*?' 
after which an entertainment was held. Bro. W. H. 
Stevens, W.C., presided. Songs by Mr. Cheetham, Bro. 
Kettle, and Sister E. Maxey ; pianoforte solo, Sister 
Elvin, jun. ; duet, Sister Elvin and Bro. Watson ; stump 
speech, Bro. Linton, concluding with a dialogue.— 
March 18. Officered and entertained by the United 
Degree Temple ; one initiated.— March 25. Officered 
and entertained by 12 of the oldest members in the Order; 
one admitted on c.c. 

Lincoln.— "United," February 0. Large atten 
dance. The D.Sec. report read, 
Temple was in a prosperous 
tion and installaf 
elected D.T. ; Sist 
D.Sec. (re-elected; 

ons, P. W.C.T. One initiated.— March 7. Public 
ing, Bro. Captain S. Williams. H.D.. in the chair ; 
addresses by Bros Parsons,P.W.O.T.,and Hasfner, G.L. 
Rep.— March 14 One admistedoncc. and one on a.c; plea- 
sant evening. —March 21.0neproposedandoneadmitted on 
a.c. Programme under the direction of Sister Lower 
W.V.T., and ably sustained bv Bros. Parsons, Welling- 
ton, and Sisters Jones, W.D.V.T., Haefner, H.D., 
Stone, Lower, and Paulson. 

Brighton.— " Brighton Emmanuel." February 12. 
Discussion on tho G.W.C.T.'s circular ; eventually all 
three suggestions adopted, Two initiated and one 
admitted on c.c— February 19. Brothers' evening, 
refreshments provided, and a very pleasant evening 
spent. Good attendance.— February 20. Speoial session 
of tho Juvenile Temple, the examination prizes distri- 
buted by Sister Mrs. Paulson.— March 5. Mission week, 
the Good Templars' night; excellent addresses delivered 
by Bros. S. Vinall, P.D.C.T., and Ferner, V.S.J.T., 
chairman, Bro. M. Hollway, L.D.— March 12. Second 
Degree conferred on one candidate.— March 19. Enter- 
tainment given on behalf of the library, by the members 
of the 4th Dragoon Guards Temperance Society, Bro. 
Captain S. Williams, H.D., occupied tho chaii 



nber of Watchwobds 

Bro. S. W. Ty 
at 9 o'clock, wh 
Cole, Woodfine 
and Bro. Turn 
Tysoe. Good 

Lower Norwood.— "Fenwick." March 30. Officered 
and entertained by tho Crown of Surrey Lodge., when 
songs, recitations, readings. Sic by Bros. J . Lower, 
Ellis, Bishop, Spooner, Sawyer, Chandler, Si 
Bishop, Spi 

, and Draper. A pleasant evening spent. 

Loweb Norwood.- " Fenwick." March 24, Thi 
representatives were reque-ted to vote at D.L . againsi 
the Homo Mission Tax ; visit of Tho Hope of. Croydon, 
who entertained with recitation by Bro. Bone ; Sister 
Saunders, scng ; and Sister Norman, reading ; Bro. and 
Sister Ashton, a piece from Sankey's ; coffee and biscuits 
provided ; a pleasant evening. 

shewing that th 
condition. Elec- 
fficers. Bro. J. Clark 
Ward, D.V.T. ; Bro. Linton, 
a. Ward, D.F.Sec. (re-elected); 
D.Treas. Three new members. — March G. 
One proposed and elected to membership. The following 
entertained :— Two songs, by Bro. Asman ; one song 
each by Sister Worth and Bro. Worth ; two recitations 
by Bro. Linton. . , 

j) yde — " Ryde." March 24. A very interesting 
paper was read by Bro. Cherington, C.M.P , M.C.P., on 
"Thrift," which fully advocated Temperance principles 
in connection therewith. Tho Rrde contingent of the 
Crystal Palace choir was discussed with the result that 
the Lodge decided to take the responsibility for this 
year and forthwith appointed Bro. E. Kentish, L.D., as 
conductor ; Bro. S. W. Comden, W.F.S., secretary ; and 
Bro. F. W. Cherington, P.W.S., organist. Moderate 

Great Malvern.— "Malvorn Hills." March 10. 
Visit of the North Malvern Lodge. Refreshments were 
provided for thereafter which a very pleasant programme 
was gone through by visitors, consisting of sacred songs, 
readings, and recitations. One initiated. 

Aldershot.— "Alrlershot." March 23. Open Lodge. 
Programme by Bro. Beech and Sister Jacklett. Songs 
by Bros. Grunsell, Hubbard, Connah, Masters, and 
Sisters Barnes and Liinpns. Readings by Bros. Crank, 
Limpus, and Hedley. Recitations by Bios. Masters and 
Fox. Three initiated. Lodge progressing. 

Eltham— "No Retreat." March 10. Visit of 
Zuiinvokhl Lodge, Woolwich, who officered and gave a 
good entertainment of songs, interspersed with short and 
Bound speeches. 

Stanhore.-" Queen Adelaide." March 17. Second 
anniversary celebrated by a tea and public meeting. 
Eighty-one persons sat down to an excellent tea. At 
the meeting. Bro. Kimmins, V.D., presided, and Bro. 
Macrow, V.D., Sister Weeks, D V.T., and Sister 
Powney, P.L.D., gave addresses. The proceedings were 
enlivened by songs from Bros, l.idgel, Green, Sister 
Weeks and Messrs. Bray and Holdbrook: readings 
Sister Gowlett and Bro. Wilby ; recitati -- 
Kimmins, jun. There was a good lattend.ii 
very pleasant evening was spent, lhe Lodg. 

St Bmc',TON 1 :-"Withdeane Court," February 21 Visit 
from the Royal Sussex Lodge, presided over by Sister R. 
Jon's DVT Programme eustsiueil by S.cter.s LSIunclell, 
Stone] Lower,' Jones, and Bro. Herrrott and . others. - 
February 2S\ " Entertainment by the four ( 

and a 

os king 

Gainsborough.— "Rescue." March 23. Visit of 
Excelsior. Captained by tho members of the Lodge, 
R?tford, under the guidance of Bro. Underwood, who 
gave a very enjoyable programme, in which the follow- 
ing took part :— Songs, Bros. Boilmam, Clark, Roberts, 
U.mson, Minler, Milner ; recitations, Bros. Dauson, 
Bennett, Underwood, Boulman ; short addresses by 
Bros. Underwood, Severn and Flinton. Supper pro- 

Cambridge.— "Hope of Castle End." This new Lodge 
was instituted on March 20, 1885. by Bro. Wilson, 
D.C.T., assisted by Bro. H. J. Linsey, D.S.J.T., C. 
Dixon, P.D.C T„ and Sister Marshall, W.D.V.T., &0. ; 
a good number was initiated; and nine put in c.c. s ; 
Bro. E Broom, P.W.D.Sec, was reoommeuded L.D. ; 
Bro. W. Plea-ance elected W.C.T. 

Cambridge.—" Star of St. Matthew." March 13. 
Evening with rifle volunteers ; Bros. H. Gape, of Cam- 
bridge University Volunteers, and Bro. Clarke, of tho 
same corps and also of the West Kent Rifle Volunteers ; 
Bros. W. H. Kimpton and P. G. Newman, L.D. of the 
1st Cambndgcshne Coops, entertained the Lodge with 
addresses, &c— March 20. Bro. W. H. Kimpton, 
W.D.Sec, recommended LD., and Bro. P. G. Newman, 
E.D. -March 27. Address by Bro. H. Linsey, D.S.J. T., 
on the Poole perjury case. 

Cambridge.—" Out of Danger." March 26. Public 
tea and meeting to celebrate the removal of the Lodge to 
Sturton-street Primitive Methodist Chapel, Bro. HI 
Wilson, D.C.T., in the chair. Songs, 4c, with 
addresses explaining the Order by various members 
three gave in their names tojoin the Lodge. 

Manchester.— "National Union." March 4. Visit 
to Ardwick Happy Home.— March 5. Visit of the J.T., 
who entertained. Bro. Hashes, W.C.T., provided 
oranges.— March 12. Songs, reading and recitations by 
Bros. Hughes, Slater, Sisters Martin and Brooks.— 
March 19. Social entertainment.— March 25. Visit to 
Newton Mount Tabor Lodge. Songs by Bros. Bland, 
Rarmicel, Sisters McClenon and Rarmicel. — March 20. 
Songs by Bros. Bland, Dyson, Hughes, Sisters Yeats, 
Rayler, Mosely, Resby, and Snelling. 

Seaton Delaval.— " Reformer.'' March 25. A sup- 
per was held lor the purpose of presenting Sister B. W. 
Ly»ll with a silver pencil-case on her leaving the district 
for Scarborough, as a token of respect, and a memento of 
Temperance work during her residence in the district. 
About 50 members and friends sat down to supper, after 
which songs were given by Bros. J. W. Stoker and C. 
Foggett, and Sisters Hall and Paterson. Bro. J. S. 
Grainger presided at the harmonium. After which Bro. 
Jos. Stephenson made the presentation, and in doing so 
referred to the many good qualities, and to the work of 
Sister Lyall, during her residence in the district. Bro. 
H. Middlemas presided. 

Middleton Moob. — " Barnabas." March 3. D.L. 
Rep. report.— March 11. Lecture by Bro. Stephenson, 
subject "Intemperance, Man's Greatest Foe ; England's 
Greatest Curse; or. Temperance in Relation to the 
Bible," chairmau, Mr. J. Southern; two initiated. — 
March 17. Open session and pound night, songs, Bros. 
Willd, Dunbar, Middleton, Rightson, Sister Watson, 
Binchester Lodge ; recitations. Bros. Nethers, Barron, 
Morland, and Middleton, chairman, Bro, Elliers; two 
proposed.— March 25. Bro. Judge elected L.D., and 
Bro. Jones E.D. ; two initiated. Spelling bee, Bro. 
Barron, W.S., being the prize winner, Bro. Watson, 

Bootle (Liverpiol).— "Guiding Star." March 23. 
Social re-union. About 120 present. Bro. W. G. Tulloch, 
W.C.T., presided. Songs by Sisters Porter, Musker, 
Kelly and Preston, and Bros. Evans, Black and Wilkin- 
son ; recitation by Sister Kay, and pianolorte duet by 
Sisters Longton and Chase. During the evening selec- 
tions were performed by the Lodge band, under the con- 
ductorship of Bro. J. Wilkinson, L.D. This was the 
first appearance of the band in public. Bro. McLaughlan 
also gave selections on the bagpipes. Tea, cakes and 
fruit were handed round at intervals under the supervision 
of Sisters Newbold and Gick.— March 30. Visit from 
D.L. officers. Present: Bro. Williams, D.C.T. ; Sister 
Kay, D.V.T. ; Bro. Kirkus, W.D.S. ; Bro. Bradley, 
D.G., and Sister Porter, D.D.M O.L. membership 
con erred on candidates. Addresses from D.C.T. , 
W.D.S. , &c. Various useful questions were asked and 

Glossop. — " Perseverance." Committees from the 
three Lodges making arrangements as to public meeting 
io Grand Lodge week at Glossop. Bro. J. Knott read 
several letters from WATCHWORD as to the working of 
Order in the Soudan. Bro. P. Taylor a song ; Bro. T. 
M.I eon a song ; WATCHWORDS sold ; Bro.Taylor, W.C.T. 

March 30. Anniversary 

l! PeS.'W.C.^ W.Ch.7 and Bro! | tea and entertainment. Addresses were delivered by E 

Apbil 13, 1885. 


Sarlcy, Eaq., Rev. G. Moss, and Mr. T. Hopgood. One 
initiated ; one admitted on c.c. A very successful evening. 
Lodge progressing. Bro. Sergeant G. B. Fox, W.C.T., 

Wakefield.—" West Parade." March. 23. Paper 
"On the use of TobaccV read by Bro. Cawood, in 
favour of its use, and Bro. Day read another essay con- 
demning tobacco ; the debate was adjourned to next 
week for wantof time; one initiated.— March 30. The 
debate on tobacco resumed. Bros. Barratt, Wilkinson, 
R. P. Green, and the W.C.T. tojk part in the discussion, 
the majority of the speakers being in favour ..f tab3cco. 
Bro. Wrightsou recommended as E.D. and Bro. Barratt 
recommended as L.D. 

Leeds.— " Nil Desperandum." March 2G. Sisters' 
night. Sister Wilkinson, W.Ch. presided. Bro. Joseph 
Shaw, W.D.C., having completed 50 years of teetotalisra 
on the 24th ult., several of the sisters thought this a very 
favourable opp .rtunity to honour his jubilee, by pre- 
santing him with an album containing the portraits of 
the donors as a token of their esteem and appreciation of 
his great labours in the Temperance and Good Templar 
cause during that time. The presentation was made by 
Sister Wilkinson in a very neat speech. Bro. Shaw 
gratefolly thanked the sisters for their kind present, and 
gave a short account of the offices he had held it 
tion with the Leeds Temperance Society first 
tary to the Youths' Temperance Society in lS35andal«o 
as secretary to the Band of Hope in 1848. For 13 
quarters ho had been W.C.T. of a Lodge and held several 
other offices in the District Lodge of Central Yorks 
previous to being elected Worthy District Councillor. 
A_ capital programme of songs, recitations, &c, ter- 
minated a very enjoyable evening. 

Camiuudoe.— "Abbey." February 21. One re-ad- 
mitted; tit-bits from Watchword, and addresses by 
Bros. C. Flatters, D.E.D-, Sussum, sen., and Hiorns.— 
Marsh 3. Three proposed and one initialed. No refusal 
night ; well sustained. — March 10. One proposed. — 
March 17. Pubic entertainment, Bro. H. Wilson pre- 
sided ; songs, Bros. Lyon and Golding, W.C.T., &c; 
dialogue, concertina boIos, &c. Crowded room, very 
successful ; 12s. for Lodge funds.— March 24. Brrj. S. 
Wilson recommended as L.D. and Bro. W. C. Lyon 
E.D. Visit of Bro. H. Wilson, D.C.T. 

Redhill.— "Redhill." March 27. Bro. G. Free- 
mantle was elected L.D. and Bro. Daniels was elected 
E.D. The sisters surprised the broliiers with a present 
of a handkerchief each and also biscuits, &c. The Lodge 
is in a flourishing condition. 

Hollins End (near Sheffield).—" Home of Safety." 
March 4. One initiated.— March 11. Sisters' surprise 
night. Three initiated.— March 18. Public coffee 
supper, upwards of 100 sat down to supper, after which 
an entertainment was given, Son^s, recitations and 
readings by Bros. Robinson, Earl, Harding, and 
Thornton, and Sisters Youle, and Earl. Bro. Ward and 
Sister Chamberlain. — March 25. Bro. Ward, Rep. to 
Sheffield Convention, gave his report, afterwards a Good 
Templar love feast was held, and a very nice evening was 

Plvmooth. — "Henry Wheeler." March 10. 
Officered by sisters, entertained by brothers under the 
direotion of Sister Shrigley, W.C.T., one readmitted. 
Bro. C. H. Trick elected as V.D. Presided over by Bro 
Lawrence, W.D.S.— March 17. Good attendance. Sister 
M.M. Wheeler elected as L.D.and Bro. R.Drake asL.E.D. 
Guildford. — " Guildford." March 27. Entertained 
by the J.T , under tho leadership of Bros. Blunden and 
Manser. The programme was well carried out, and was 
composed of recitations, duets, songs, and pianoforte 
aeleotions; one admitted once; over 50 Watchwords 

STANTONOURV.— "Stantonhury Pioneer." Much 2G. 
Open Lodge ; addresses by Bros. Rev. .J. Mathews, L.D., 
and W. Ward, W.C.T., and son's and readings by Bros. 
Barker, Taylor, E. Jones (W.Chap.), and Mr. A. E. 
Parks. Bro. W. Ward appointed L,D. and Bro. E. 
Jones, E.D. A pleasant evening was spent. 

Liverpool. — " Royal Stan-lard." March 17. After 
the business had been gone through those present were 
regaled with roasted potatoes and sparibs, served 
steaming hot, in celebration of St. Patrick's Day, and all 
present did ample justice to them. The songs and reci- 
tations were entirely Irish ; Sisters McNalley, Farrel, 
and Stanley, Bro^. McCracken, McCarthy and Dodd 
taking part. 

Nottingham.—" Hope and Lifeboat." March 25. 
Bro. George Bell recommended for L.D., and Bro 
. Thomas Meo for E.D. Bro. Mee, 3.J.T., read an 
interesting paper containing a resu/nt of the 12 years' 
history of the Nottingham's First J.T., which was spoken 
to bv Bros. C. L. Gilpin, G. Bell, P.S.J.T.; J. Waine, 
D.S.J.T.: and H. W. Caswell, P.G.S.J.T. 

Workin'c-ham. — "Excelsior." March 25. Officered 
and entertained by the Reading Lodge; Bro. Rainbow, 
W.D.Ch.. presided, and there was also present Sister 
Kirk, D.V.T., and Bro E. Pocuck, D.S.J.T.; songs by 
Bros. W. J. Smith and J. A. Skeet ; recitations by Bros. 
Carter, J. Pocock, E. Pocock, and Sister A. Brewer ; 
pianoforte solo by Sister M. Richardson : glees by the 
members ; Bro. James gave an address. The room was 
filled and a very pleasant evening was spent. 

Mallasey. — "Seacombe Crusaders." March 24. 
Thirteenth anniversary celebrated by a substantial tea, 
to which over 200 members and friends sat down. An 
excellent entertainment followed with Bro. Crosthwaite, 
T> C.T., in the chair, and who gave a sleet s| eech ex- 
planatory of the principles of the Order. The following 
took part in the programme : — Messrs. Martin, Leslie, 
and Ben Roberts ; Sisters W.dlace, Clarke, Livesey, and 
Miller. Sister and Bro. Corlett. and Mr, Ellison, and 
Bros. R. Jones, and T. Jonos, Mils. Bac. 
Eltham.— "No Retreat." Service of song, "Little 

Man-Chester.—" Concilio et Lahore." April 
Welcome visit of the following distinguished brethren 
who are attending the G.L..— Sister Hughes, G.L.Ren., 
Birkenhead; Sister Greenwood, G.LrRep., D.V.T., 
Central Yorks; Bro. T. C. Mrcrow, G.L.Ren. Middle- 
sex ; Bro. G. M. Walford, G.L.Rep. Cheshire ; Bro. 
Evans. CD., Central Yo. ks ; Bro Crosswaite. G.L.Rep., 
D.C.T., West Cheshire ; Bro.' Flymen, P. D C.T., West 
Surrey; Bro. Stedman, W.D.Sec , West Surrey ; Bro. 
Green„G.L. Rep, Wolverhampton; Bio. Brown, G.L.Rep.. 
Middlesex; Sister Brown, P.R. W.S.J.T., Middlesex; 
Bro. Williams, D.C.T., S ..nth Hants ; Bro. Rev. w, !, , 
Rodgers, W.D.Co., South Hants; Bro. Sergeant Holmes, 
W.D.Sec, South Hants, Bro. Meirs, D.S.J.T., West 
Cheshire ; Bro. Thomas Blaeklock, D.Chap., West 
Gloucester; Bro. E. J. Gosse, D.Trea., West Gloucester; 
Bro. S. Insull, ^.D.C.T., Middlesex ; and about 30 other 
members of various districts, sevoral of whom gave a 
few words of encouragement. 


Colchester.— "Bedfordshire First." Maroh26. Good 
session ; three initiated : official visit from First Essex 
Ledge; Bro.Milton.W.C.T., presided. Itbeingpouud night 
agood number of parcels were brought.Bro.shrives.L.D., 
acted as auctioneer, and the sale realised 5s. 9d. A very 
pleasant evening. 

Winchester.— "Garrissn Safeguard." March 21. 
Lodge visited by Bro. Buckingham. W.C.T. Itchen 
Valley, who presided. A very enjoyable evening spent. 
—March 28. Large attendance of members of Itcbin 
Valley Lodge to officer and entertain ; a most enjoyable 
evening spent and capital programme rendered. On n 
received on a.c. 

Devonport.— "Celeret Audax." March 14. Five 
initiated ; three restored. Programme : all present to 
read, sinr, recite, or pay Id.; 2s. Id. colleoted in fines ; 
5s. granted to the sisters' sub-committee.— March 21. 
Coffee supper, followed by open session ; Bro. Feigaeson 
presided. -A good entertaiument was given. 

Alexandria.— "Hods of Alexandria." March 21. 
Question box. Very pleasant evening. Small attend- 
ance, owing to departure of members to the front. Bro. 
Slater, R.A., from Buckland's Brightest Star.visited and 
expressed his heartfelt joy iu meeting with us, also for 
having been met by two brothers immediately on arrival 
of s.s Navarino. Several candidates foi initiation next 


Dublin,— " Commercial." March 2>. Paper by Bro. 
Lynch, "My Life in India." Lodge progressing. 

Belfast. — " Olive Branch." March 23. Three 
initiated ; closed early to allow the. District Lodge to 
hold its adjourned session ; very large gathering. Re- 
port of D.F.S. highly satisfactory. D.Tr. has a good 
balance in hand. The Formation of a Choral Union 
referred to D.Ex. to take action ; also the establishment 
of a quarterly system of Penny Readings to assist the 
funds. Report of Executive on District Guide and 
Programme most gratifying. Special vote of thanks 
accorded the sub - committee, Bros. Wilkinson, 
M'Clenahan, and Gray, who had made it a success. The 
"tlice of D.Ch.wai declared vacant, and after a well-con- 
tested ballot, Bro. McArdle of the W. F. Lawler Lodge 
was elected. Addresses by Bros. Shippobotham, 
D.C.T. ; Mullen, D.F.S. ; Clarke, W.C.T. ; Neilly, L.D.; 
Haveron, D.A.S. ; McArdle. D.Chan. ; and Green, 
W.C.T.; May, W.C.T.; Gray, W.D.S. ; and Boyd, 
W.C.T. Next quarterly meeting in June in W. F. 
Lawlor Lo-lge-room, Ballymacarrett. A very instructive 
session. Some genuine Good Templar work accom- 

Belfast.— "Bible Temperance " Match 25. Official 
visit of District Executive. Addresses by Bros. Ship- 
pobotham, D.C.T. ; Mairowau, D.E D. ; Thompson 
P.G.W.S. ; Rogers, P.G.W.M. ; Millar, W.C T. • 
McOuidy, L.D. ; Forsythe, W.F.S. ; and Histins, 
W.Chap. ; on the subject " How to make our meetings 

Belfast.— "Victoria." March 27. A musical and 
terajy entertainment, which passed off very satisfactorily, 



Bodmin. — " Young Crusaders." March 12. 'Adult 
members sat down to a social tea, after which the annual 
report of officers were read and adopted. The report 
shewed an increase numerically and a balanoe in hand. 
The Executive lor tho ensuing year are :— Sisters Allen 
and Keast, Bros. Veal, jun., Phillips, sen., Hicks, Jane 
Shelly and Robins. Bro. Jane was then re- elected S J T ' 
Bro. Shelly, A.S.J.T. It was decided to hold another 
cat and dog and flower exhibition some time in July — 
March 17. Threo initiated ; Bros. Shelly and Phillips gave 
addresses.— March 18. Mr. Adkins, from the U.K. 
Band of Hope Union, eave two lectures, illustrated by 
dissolving views, under the auspices of the Temple in the 
Guildhall, one lecture at p.m., for children, and one at 
7.45 p.m., for the public, which was much appreciated. 

Cheltenham.— "Victoria." March 22. Visit and 
address by Bro. Swift. P. W.C.T., of Imperial Lodge. 
Songs, fife selections, &c. Pleasant evening ; good at- 

Ratcliff.— " Hope of Ratcliff." March 25. Letter 
night ; eight letters from members of an amusing and 
instructive character, read by Bro. Brown, S.J.T. 
Remarks by adult members on the same closed a plea- 

Lower Norwood. — " Fenwiok Hope. March 24. Ona 
initiated. Bro. Hagley, V.D., gave an encouraging 
address and sang a song. Temple progressing, 

Brighton.— "Queeu's Park." March 25. Four new 
members initiated. The children's recitations for the 
coming visit to the adult I.od.e were good, and so 
numerous that many had to be dispensed with for want 
of time. 

Hammersmith. —"Thomas Carlyle." March 27. One 
initiated. The Young Crusaders' Juvenile Temple of 
Chelsea paid a surprise visit, and officered and enter- 
tained ; initiations every session. 

Chelsea.— " Young Crusaders." March 24. Three 
initiated. Bro. Colbert, CD., gave an instructive lec- 
ture on "Alcohol," with several chemical experiments, to 
the great amusement of the members. 

Stratford.— "Star of Stratford." March 23. Quar- 
terly tea and entertainment ; about 130 members and 
several friends sat down, including ihe D.S.J.T., Bro, J, 
B. Finch, who presided at the evening entertainment, 
when a capital programme was rendered ; recitatiou con- 
tests for book prizes given by the lion, members ; aeleo- 
tions on pianoforte by some of the juvenile sisters. A 
large number of parents were at the entertainment ; 
everal names given in for initiation. 
Nottingham. — "Nottingham's First." March 11. 
Recitation contest. Prizes consisted of a handsome work- 
box, photo album, and inkstand, presented by Mr. Alder- 
man Gilpin, one of the adult members. First prize won 
by Nellie Caupland, second, Lizzie Coupland ; third, 
Ada Walker.— March IS. Visit from Crocus Temple. 
Forty or 50 members attended, and gave an excellent 
programme, under the supervision of Sister Jeannie 
Peacock. — March 25. Magic lantern entertainment by 
Bro. Addicott. 

Hackney.— " Hackney Mission." March 24. This 
new Temple wis instituted at the Morley Coffee Tavern, 
Mare-street, Hackney, Bro. D. J. Carman, V.S J.T., 
being the instituting offic-r; Bro. Gover, D.S.J.T., was 
present. The Pride of Homerton J.T. came up in good 
numbers and officered. There were 16 children initiated 
and four honorary members received, it being announced 
that there were a number of both children and honorary 
members who having given in their names had been 
unable to attend. The officers were installed by Bro. 
Carman, VS., assi.ted by S.ster Russell, V.S. J.T. Bro. 
Matthews, S.J.T., of new Temple. There were several 
parents and members of the Or.ler present. Bro. Gover, 
Mr. Garrard, Sister Russell, Bro. Gibson, and Sister 
Gibson, all spoke a few words of encouragement and con- 
gratulations. This Temple is the outcome of last year's 
mission at Morley Hall, and bids well to become a great 
success.— March 31. Ten initiated. Good attendance. 
Dialogues, solos, &c. Pleasant session. Bro. Carman, 
V.S J.T., gave an address urging the members to do all 
they could to make their meetings pleasant and to help 
one another in faithfully carrying out their obligation. 


Cheltenham.— The usual monthly meeting of the 
Cheltenham Borough Convention was held at Victoria 
Coffee Tavern, on Friday, March 27,Bro.W. G. Errington, 
CD., presiding. Resolutions were passed askingthe Lodges 
to provide their E.D.s with proper electoral roll-books, 
and fixing the next entertainment in May next at 
Imperial Lodge. Bro. W. Newcombe, D.E.D., of 
Cirencester, to preside. The CD. read for the Good of 
the Order, "A C.D.'s Story," trom the Watchword of 
Christmas, 18S3, which wes much appreciated by those 


Corporal F. H. Middleton, Medical Staff Corps 
Hope of Alexandria Lodge, has been promoted Lance- 
sergeant for gallant conduct and bearing in attending 
the wounded during the recent actions at Abu Klea 
and Metammeb. 

sant session. 

Fleetwood.— "Star of Promise" and "Anchor" 

(senior). March 27. United demonstration, Bro. A. 

E. Eccles, G.W.Trea, presiding. The secretary's report 

' hip of 200. The programme 

ewed a united meinl 

nsisted of choruses by n juvenile choir of 150' ..,, 

Woods, music bv Rev. S. and Mrs. Guffiths, Shut 

Devonport and Sunday Closing.— At the last 
meeting of the Devonport School Board (Mr. J. May 
in the chair) tho acting clerk presented a petition on 
behalf of the Central Association for signature in 
favour of closing public-houses on the Sunday. The 
Chairman said he conscientiously ohjecte I to the 
petltion.and thought it was a great hardship on society 
that a man should be debarred from havin*- a glass of 
beer on Sunday, and moved that the Board decline 
to sign it. Mr. Smith supported the motion, while 
the Revs. G. Dorey, S. Berkeley and Mr. Fedrick 
spoke in favour of the petition. Ultimately, in spite 
of the strong opposition of the chairman, who rather 
injudiciously stated that the ext eme views of the 
teetotalers made him angry, and that total abstinence 
was both physically and morally wrong (1) the 
motion was rejected by four to two, and the chairman 
in his wrath declared that he would not sign the 
petition On the other hand, tho Devonport Commis- 
sioners of the Poor, in their own workhouse, and con- 
sequently with all the evi lence around them of the 
pauper-making influence, of the terrible traffic, de- 
clined to supp rt the pr.yer of the petitioners. 
More light ' on this subject is certainly wanted at 


Dot," by the Juveniles; the readings were given by E. 

K. Hitt, Esq., and the whole entertainment was very I under Mi 

SlT-M 8- r, Bef " re the mSet ' nS * fre8 * ea " a8 gWen t0 £, iB3ea „ Idd01 ?' Craiuc - W ''« ht ' aud " sV'Rawcii'ffc: I Foru\ DorsetTTet 
the chddreD. I Pleasant evening, | !,„ ' , 8 DO ino nc 

Is it trde that the magistrates, if they like, can close 
every public-house, as stated in No Vested Interest 
in Licences (6d., with Appendix); and that any person 
oppose the renewal of a license, as shewn in How TO 
a Pcblio House (3d., from Bro. Amery, Bland- 
: - opposition to Licences, Yoou 

I Lodub is DOINO nothing 


April 13. 1885, 

G.W.C.T.— Joseph Malins, ) G.L. Offices, 18, Con- 
G.W.Seo. — James J. Woods, \ greve St, Birmingham 
G.S.J.T.— Mrs. Lydia A. Walshaw, 30, Elmfield, 
Savile Park, Halifax. 

Hosts Mission Department. 
Superintendent.— D. Y, Scott, GX, Offices, 18, 
Cong-re ve-et., Birmingham. 
Agent for Northern Area.— John Wrathall, 7, 
Bald win -street, Hawcoat, near Barrow-in-Furness. 

Military District. 
D.C.T.— Quarter-Master-Sergt. 0. G. L. Jones 

Adjutant-General's Office, Colchester. 
D.S.J.T.— Sergt. J. Shrives, 1st Bedford Regiment, 

W.D.Seo :— E. R. Smith, 19, Hearn-street, Newport, 
Isle of Wight. 

Naval District. 
D.C.T.— James Rae, 2, Zinzan-street, Oxford-road, 

D.S.J.T. — William Andrews, 85, Wellington-street, 

W.D.S.— William Davey, 38, Skinner-street, New 
Brompton, Kent. 


Good Templars emigrating to any part of the world 
axe requested to apply to Joseph Malins, R.W.G.T., 
Congreve-street, Birmingham, or William W. Turn- 
bull, R.W.G.S., 72, Great Clyde-street, Glasgow, for 
the addresses of offioials near the places in which they 
purpose to reside. 


The Executive met at the Town Hall, Manchester, 
on Easter Monday, April G, 1885, at 10 a.m. 

Present :— Bros. Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T. ; Coun- 
cillor George Dodds, G.W.Co. ; Sister Walshaw, 
G.S.J.T. ; Bros. John Kempster, G.E.S. ; Jas. J. 
Woods, G.W.Sec; A. E. Ecoles, G.W.T.; Rev. W. 
Mottram, G.W.Chap. ; and J. B. Collings, G.W.M. 

After prayer by the G.W.Chap., the minutes of the 
last meeting were read and confirmed. 

Report on Order of Procedure. — This was 
considered and adopted. 

Auditor's Report was presented. 

Cessation of Grand Lodge Membership. — 
G.W.Sec. submitted names of those who had ceased 
membership duriDg the past year. 

Political Action Committee. — Bros. J. H. 
Retallack, Moloney and J. W. Padfield were ap- 
pointed to fill vacancies. 

Several matters were referred to the new Executive, 
viz. : — Deputations to the Projected Temperance Con- 
vention at Antwerp, and G.L. of Wales (Welsh); 
state of the Order in Bradford ; publication of "Social 
aspects of Temperance." 

Home Mission Work.— Bro. D. Y. Scott submitted 
biB report : Since last meeting he had attended 
public meetinqs at St, Pancras, Chippenham, Bradford- 
on-Avon, Salisbury, Devizes, Trowbridge. Members 
meetings at Chippenham, Bradford-on-Avon, Salisbury, 
and Devizes. 

Canterbury and the Licensed Victuallers. — 

We understand that the Total Abstinence Society in 

Canterbury have accepted the challenge of the local 

Licensed Victuallers and Beer Retailers' Protection 

Association to hold a public discussion upon the Local 

Option question. The abstainers will be permitted to 

nominate the chairman, and it is probable that the 

Dean of Canterbury will preside. An equal number 

of tickets will be issued to the partisans of eaoh side. 


Of all Dirt from everything 

By using Hudson's Extract of Soap. 


Purity, Health, and Perfect Satisfaction by its regular use 


It is a PURE DRY SOAP in fine powder, and lather 

freely in Hot or Cold Water. 

Refuse Imitations— Insist upon HUDSON'S. 


Sister Mary Ann Carey.— The Stonehouse Lodge, 
Plymouth, has to mourn the loss of a faithful mem- 
ber through the death of Sister M. A. Carey, at the 
early age of 21 years, on March 17. The deceased, 
for very many years was a constant attendant at 
Lodge, and with a few other faithful heatt*, mainly 
kept it alive. She was highly respected and her 
funeral, on March 2.1, was largely attended by mem- 
bers of the Order in the Three Towns. 


Bridport.— Bro. the Rev. A. G.Marment conducted 
_ three days' mission here. Commencing on Sunday 
evening, March 22. Bro. Marment preached a very 
forcible and stirring sermon, taking as his text the 
words " O, thou man of God, there is death in the 
pot." The Town Hall had been engaged for 
the occasion, and a large and attentive 
congregation assembled at 7.45, after the 
services at the different placeB of worship 
had concluded. On Monday evening, Bro. Marment 
presided at the weekly meeting of the Cceur de Lion 
Lodge, when one candidate was initiated. At 8 
o'clock, a public meeting was held at the Good 
Templar Hall, when the missioner kept a large 
audience thoroughly alive with numerous anec- 
dotes bearing on the drink traffic. The subject 
of the address was " Out on Strike, or the Working- 
man's Mistakes," and wns illustrated by diagrams. 
On Tuesday evening,Bro. Marment lectured on a " Bit 
of Both Sides," concluding by expounding the prin- 
ciples and advantages of our Order. Several pledges 
were taken at each meeting. The singing was led by 
the G.L. choir under Bro. W. G. Dicker. 

By Costermonger Joe. 

Vas you, Mister Baron Huddle, 
In a kind o' mental fuddle 
When you made that orEul muddle 

Down at Poole the other day. 
An' Svect VilUam of tin Posy, 
Settin' varm an' snug an' cosy, 
Vith your little vuns so rosy ; 

Vat has you, old bloke, to say 1 
This here P D., spruce an' nobby, 
Vas jist vorkin' o' his hobby 
In detectin' that there bobby 

As vas drinking on the sly. 
You has pardoned jobs habsurder — 
Yes, I'll go a leetle furder— 
You has pardoned heven murder. 

Ha ! I see3 you vink your heye. 
Must a feller critter languish, 
Thro' Biv'norful year o' hanguish, 
On his bread an' vater sangwish, 

As is inoercent as me. 
Quick I afore them Hem P.'s caper, 
Take the pen, an' light the taper, 
Sign an' seal the bit o' paper 

As shall set poor Villiams free. 


l Leader 

Gambling in Public-houses.— Charles Burch, a 
publican, of Souchgate, was fined £2 and costs, and 
had his licence endorsed for permitting gambling on 
his premises. The police found six lads playing cards 
for money. 

Order in the Lodge-room. — We have been asked 
how to preserve order in the Lodge-room without 
resorting to extreme measures That there should be 
any occasion to ask such a question is no credit to any 
organisation. We have been in disorderly Lodges and 
we have been in orderly Lodges, and we have 
:d— why all this difference ? Our past ob- 
servations lead us to make the following re- 
flections : — First, the officers of a Lodge have much 
to do with the order of the Lodge; there are dis- 
orderly officers ; we don't mean to say that the officers 
disturb the meeting by any personal acts, but they so 
deport themselves as to command no influence what- 
ever. Let it be understood that a W.C.T. is capable of 
securing order ; and let it be understood, further, that 
if he designs to maintain order, he will have it. 
Extreme measures will not secure order : nothing 
but firm, kind, orderly conducton the part of 
the officers will do this. And then the Lodge 
should be kept at work ; we mean discussing the 
great principles of Temperance, and how to promote 
them. If the older members spend the time in quib- 
bling over foolish questions, it cannot be expected 
that the younger ones will be quiet. Earnest, con- 
tinuous work to promote the well-being of fallen 
humanity is what we want. Brothers and sisters, try 
charity and hard work on vour disorderly Lodges, — 
iV. J. Templar, 

To Ctolists.— Strength and slaying power, with 
admirable nutritive, flesh-forming qualities, are retained 
in a concentrated form in Cadbury's Cocoa, providing an 
exhilarating beverage— comforting and sustaining for long 
or short trips.— [Ad vt.] 





Sir,— On January 29 last, " Old John King " died 
at Bescar Lane, near Southport, at the ripe age of 
90 years. He was the first man in Great Britain who 
signed the pledge of total abstineuce, on August 23, 
1832. He was one of the pioneers of perhaps the 
most wonderful social movement of this century. He 
took the Btep at a time when it was regarded 
as an act of madness ; he dared to be " in 
the right with two or three"; but he lived 
to see millions follow his brave example. 
He was staunch to his principles to the last. He and 
Joseph Livesey have conclusively proved that total 
abstinence and long life go together. Throughout life 
he was a comparatively poor man, and for many years 
was station-master at small stations on the Lancashire 
and Yorkshire Company's line. Owing to the failure 
of his eyesight, he was transfered in 1871 to Bescar 
Lane, where he had charge of a level crossing, 
at the modest wages of 14s. per week, 
less Is. fid. for rent. The work has. prac- 
tically speaking, been done by his wife, of whose 
unfailing devotion to her husband, it is impossible to 
speak too highly. In 1873 it fell to my lot to make an 
appeal on behalf of the old man, whom I have known 
for 23 years, and the result was that a sum of £230 
waB raised.which enabled us to buy an annuity of £40 
per year for the veteran. He enjoyed this to the day 
of his death, and the Temperance Provident Insti- 
tution has paid altogether £478 under the 
policy, generously paying up to the day of death, 
although not bound to do so by the policy. A few days 
ago I paid a visit to his widow, in the humble two- 
roomed house where they have lived for 14 years. She 
is still keeping the "pair of gates, "but her wages have, 
in consequence of her husband's death, bten reduced 
to 5s. per week, out of which Is. 6d. goes for rent ! 
Evidently this is not sufficient to keep body and soul 
together, and I feel strongly that something should 
be at once done for her. She told me she 
was willing and anxious to work on, as 
far as her strength permitted ; but her 
work is very exposed and her hours are very 
long ; the gates require tending from G.30 a.m. to 10 
p.m., and she is also liable to becalledupatany hourdur- 
ing the night. And all this for 3s. 6d. per week 1 The 
exposure to the weather has already told upon her and 
brought on serious bronchitis. I have been requested, 
through a letter in the newspapers, to make an appeal 
on her behalf. To such a request I cannot turn a deaf 
ear. I feel certain that the Temperance men and 
women in Great Britain, many of whom are 
numbered amongst your readers, will not allow John 
King's widow to remain totally nnprovided for. I 
appeal to them very strongly, and ask that they will 
send me such subscription as they are able to afford, 
for the widow of the faithful soldier, who fought eo 
long and good a fight. What is to be done should be 
done quickly. 

I have had collecting-cards prepared, and will gladly 
send them to any who are willing to help the fund by 
waiting upon their friends. All subscriptions will be 
duly acknowledged by me. If the money I receive will 

mit it, I propose to have an unpretentious stone 
placed over King's remains in 3outhport Cemetery. It 

not fitting that such a man shonld depart and that 

> stone should mark his place of rest. It is eminently 
fitting that the Temperance community should relieve 
his widow, and mark the place where lies a general 

ho has, for 53 years, helped to lead a victorious army, 
I trust the response to my appeal will be such as to 
reflect credit on that large section of the community 
for whom King's principles have done so much. — I 

n, sir, yours truly, 

S. Norrury Williams. 

Chorlton-cum-Hardy, near Manchester. 

P.S. — I have not the time (although I have the 
desire) to write to all the Good Templar Lodges, Tem- 
perance societies, Bands of Hope, and other Tem- 
perance organisations. I, therefore, urgently request 
that members of these eocietiep who read this letter 

II favour me by bringing this subject before their 
fellow members. 


Noble. — On April 1, at Budbrooke Barracks, Warwick, 
the wife of Bro. Colour-Sergeant William Noble, of a 

Food Adulteration.— Mr. Cassall lecturing at the 
Health Exhibition said : " Homoeopathic Cocoas are well 
named as they contain the smallest quantity of Cocoa." 
Cadbury's Cocoa is guaranteed pure, and we recommend 
the public to buy no other.— [Advt.] 

The best and cheapest magazine for children is 
Sunrise; beautifully illustrated, one half-penny per 

April 13, 1885. 



In AJswka r says an U.S.A. paper, you can bay whisky 
for li cents a qnart ; and murder and 
adds, are correspondingly cheap. 

G This interesting paragraph is from the last 
annual report of the Licensed Victuallers' National 
Defence League :— " Articles and essays, recently 
written and published, exposing the fallacies of yonr 
enemies are now claiming some public notice. Thesf 
shew a pleasing and improving change. But more in 
that direction is needed, and your Executive are deter- 
mined to enlighten the public by a wider circulation 
of literature than has ever taken place in the past, 
commensurate with their funds." 

In reading down an American paper, I noticed the 
following news from Georgia, under the head of 
" Temperance Agitation " :— "Athens has been 
thrown into consternation by threats of dynamite 
being used if Local Option is adopted. The effort to 
vote out whisky has attracted wide attention. The 
canvass has been prulunged and bitter, and will close 
on Wednesday. Letters have been sent to various 
leaders of the prohibition movement in which it is 
threatened that dynamite will be freely used if pro- 
hibition wins. The Banner this morning Bays : ' We 
defy the threat, and will carry the county for pro- 
hibition it Athens blazes as high as the sky.' " Our 
" friends the enemy " on this side " the pond " are 
hardly so far advanced as their brethren in the States. 

At a meeting of the British and Foreign Sailors' 
Society, held recently at the Birmingham Council 
House, the secretary, Mr. E. W. Matthews, made re- 
ference to the Good Templar work aboardship.and the 
G.W.C.T. testified to the work of the above society at 
the ports of Belgium, Holland, and Germany, which 
he (Bro. Malinsl had visited in the interests of the 
Order— and Lodges in the ports of these countries all 
meeting in the institutes connected with the society 
referred to. 

The following is from the Japan Herald :—'■ Some 
Japanese are contemplating with sorrow the 
wrought by the inordinate use of sake, and are 
organising a Temperance Society on the European 
principle of total abstinenoe." 

After the G.W.C.T. 's address at the North Durham 
D.L. public meeting, at Monkwearmouth, the Rev. 
Robert Speed, Baptist minister, declared that from 
that night he would be a Good Templar. He has 
since joined the Order. 

A bronze statue of the late William Lloyd Garrison 
is to be cast during the ensuingsummer, and placed in 
one of the squares of the City of Boston, where 50 
years ago, this great reformer was attacked by a pro- 
slavery mob. 

The Brighton and Sussex Gospel Temperance Union, 
of which Rev. Corney Simmouds is secretary, has 
addressed a letter to the editor of the Sussex Daily 
News, on " the prevailing distress " in Brighton, in 
which it is Btated that during the last 12 mouths the 
town has swallowed £500,000 in drink. 

It would save conflicting evidence in some of onr 
police-courts, I think, if policemen would adopt the 
same definition of the word " drunk " as the Corps of 
Commissionaires who have a rule to the effect that a 
member of that body " who is not perfectly sober in 
the most unrestricted sense of the term, is drunk." 

The Homes for Inebriates Association, which has 
just held its annual meeting, asks for £15.000 for the 
foundation of a home for poor inebriates. The Asso- 
ciation's " Dalrymple Home," which has been very 
successful, has recently been highly spoken of by the 
Government inspector. 

The following is from an American Temperance 
menu oard, heading the list of what is drinkable :— 
*' Nor think from temperate wajs we've strayed ; 
We drink our toasts in lemonade.*' 
Do any of my readers know who is the author ? 

By the laws of the State of Michigan, any railway 
company employing others than abstainers as drivers, 
train dispatchers, firemen, .Sec. is liable to a fine of 500 
dollars for each offence. 

I see in the Indian Good Tevqjlar, a note from a 
| Lodge in a regiment on the march, the commading 
officer of which has kindly placed a tent atits disposal, 
and to enable the weekly sessions to be continued. 

An official form for alteration of a Lodge's place of 
meeting recently sent to G.L. Office, gave the follow- 
ing reason for so doing :— '• We are to leave our Lodge 
room on account of the vicar turning it into a soup 

kitchen for district. We have had three meetings 

in it since the soup was put in, but the members can't 
stand the smell. 



N.B.— This Company was the first to start Temperance Cafes in the City for 


I, Ludgate Circus Buildings, Farriugdou Street, and 
61, Graceckurch Street, City. 


Should Spend 2d. at the Bookstall for a Copy of the April 


preached 45 ye 



CONTENTS— Altered Times; Temperance Sermon hy Dr. Jabez B 

.v: su^e-tivu topics fnr e>?riy3, Are. Facts, Uinta, and Illustration*. 
for the Youn^. Mush- i in b.dh Notations)-" Men ut Truth, Arm 
A BeminUceuco, by Joseph Manns. ' Is There Nothing Beyond 


Dialogue'for 11 Boys and Girls. A Boj's Gleaning. A Song of Three Words. 
If you cannot attend Grand Lodoe order a copy of your boutec'ler, ■»■ send 2$d. 

....-, .,->>. J lie G.>.)d of the Order; with 
riatl'orm Points. Tnmn Both Sides. Outline Address 
Recitations ■— John rhomaSfflld lii» Christmas Pinner 
Soot and Diamonds. Rhythmic Teaching. The Choice of 

)G. H. GRAHAM, Xatdtl 

} PEIPi I 


rwenty-foar Words turn unaoi U. * 

For every Six Words Additional 6d. ) 

Reductions on a series of oonsecutive insertions as follows : - 
i3 insertions as 10 26 as 21 ; 52 as 40. As these Adverse 
ments are inserted at specially low rates Remittance mas t 
ccompany Order. 

sessional), Bannerette3 and Flags, on 
3 Order.— Apply, Lego and Co, Practical 
r Painters, Birmingham. Price lists free. 

REGALIA, Gold Lace Fringe, &c. ; business to be 
disposed of privately ; snifc member and wife, I.O.O-.T. — 
For fall particulars, iuM it---, Rosalia, Watchword Office, Bolt- 
Court, Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

Upright Iron Grand(JustinBrowne); 
jst new ; will -ell at once for £o9 10s.— 
E.P.M., 108, Charles-street, Stepney, E, 

testimony from 52 eminent sources printed on cards, in a 
neat box serving eiilur as noU-s or a family game, with a copy of 
The Abstainers Hand Book" of 81 pases sent post free on 
iceipt of 13 ttaraps, hy Messrs. Wilkins and Ellis, Derby. 

How to circulate the Watchword. 


32 Copies (3-lbs.l for 2s. -Id. 

52 p os-) „ 3s. Jd 

72 „ (7-lbs) „ 5s. 2d. 

For lesser quantities the Tedvs of Subscription, Post 
Free, are :— 

1 Copy for 13 weeks 1/6 20 weeks. 3/0 52 weeks, 6/0 

2 , 3/0 „ „ 6/0 „ „ 12/0 

3 n » „ 4/3 „ „ 8/6 „ „ 17/0 

4 5/0 „ „ 10/0 „ „ 20/0 

5 .„ . „ „ 6/0 „ „ 12/0 „ ., 24/0 

Six Copies or more at the rate of One Penny per Cony 
Post Free. 

Publishing and Advertisement Office, 3, Bolt-court, 
Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

Post Orders payable to John Kzmpstir, Ludgate- 
Circus Office, E.C. 

price £7. — Apply, Joseph Morgan 
Leigbton Bazzard. 

not complete 
, North-street 









S. S. 




Sons of 





Sons of 






59, Falcon Road, Clapham Junction, S. W 

(Established 1869), 
Calls attention to the advantage of buying direci 

from the maker. ■ 

Gold and Silver Fringes, Braid, Gimp, Stars, Tassels, 
Ornaments, Letters, Merino, Velvet, Canvas, Ribbon, 
and every Article for making-up. 
Members' Own Designs Embroidered. 


Officers', 30s., 40s., 50s., 60s. the set. Members', 5s. 
7s., 108., 12s., perdoz. Blue ditto, 12s., 16s., 18s., 20s 
per doz, Parple ditto, 12s., 16s., ISs., 20s. per doz 
Samples on application. 

L.D., E.D., V.D., S.J.T., D.S.J.T., 7s. 6d., 10s. 6d., 12e. 

s., 21s., to— 

Parple Silk Velvet, 1£ Ball Fringe, J Lace Orna 
ments, and as above, 15s. 

10s., 15b., 20s., 30s. per *set. MemberB 
white, 3s., 5s., 6s. per doz. 

Post Office Orders payable Falcon-road, S. IV. 

CORNS AND BUNIONS.— A gentleman, many 
years tormented with Corns, will be happy to afford 
to others the information by which he obtained then- 
complete removal in a short period, without pain orincon- 
velope to C, 



REV. E. J. S1LVERTON, Specialist for the 
CURE of DISEASES of the EAR, invites 
sufferers to send for his treatise,a work shewing the nature 
of the disease and the means of cure, 275th thousand. 
Post free six stamps. A letter of advice will be sent 
with the book, without further charge to all persons who 
send a statement of their case. The treatment is 
frequently very rapid in restoring the hearing power or 
removing other aural troubles. Patients are not required 
to leave business or home, as the system adopted by Mr. 
Silverton gives no pain or inconvenience. Thousands of 
persons are thus successfully treated, Hearing has been 
given where none previously existed, and speech has 
followed as a result. One lady was cured at the age of 
00, and another after 40 years' deafness. In cases of 
offensive discharge from the ears the treatment is most 
successful, curing after many years' standing. Nervous 
and throat deafness is also rapidly relieved. If deafness 
is alb wed to remain in young people doss of speech is 
likely to follow, hence the importance of immediate ana 
successful treatment. Those who suffer with noises in 
the ears, with or without giddiness, will find in thia 
treatment the means of cure. It ia the height of folly to 
neglect the first symptoms of aural troubles. Mr. 
Silverton's celebrated ear trumpets, invisible drums, and 
sound conductors may be seen and tested at hi« consult- 
ingrooms. Instruments and remedies, to suit all. None 
should despair.— Address Eew E. J. SILVERTON, 16 
to 19, Imperial-buddings, Ludgate-circu*, London, E.C. 
N,B. — Mr. Silverton may be consulted personally 
during the present month, each day from 11 to two, 
Saturdays excepted. 

ALL who require a TruBS would do well to try 
one of Sawyer's Norwich Trusses. They have 
been supplied to the leading surgeons throughout the 
Kingdom, used by the Norwich and ( 'umbiidgeHospitals. 
the galling and danger of the old-fashioned spring ia 
avoided. The comfort and security they afford recom- 
mend them to all classes, their price and durability 
to the working man. An illustrated description sent 
for one stamp,— Sawyer and Co., 1, West Parade, 

._. Forward add. — 
J. PottB, Esq., Ware, Herts. This is n<5 quack imposture. 1 Is. ; Mr. Leng, 5a t 

MAN.— W. H. Edwards, Temperance Advocate 
27 years, and who can be recommeuded by the Rev. 
Dawson Burns, D.D., Mr. T. H. Barker, Mr.J.Kempster, 
Mr. John Hilton, and others if needed, is very desirous 
of being engaged— with his two sons— to give Temperance 
Entertainments consisting of speech, song, and recitation; 
1 ''- two boys assisting with the concertina and violin. He 
> desires to purchase a concertina more fitting for him 
lis work, and the Rev. Dawson Burns, D.D., will 
;ive in his behalf any subscription, friends may send 
the purpose.— Address, 64, Ann-street, Plumstead, 
Woolwich. Terms very moderate. Rev. Dawson Burns 
D.D., £1 ; Sir Wilfrid Lawson Bart, M.P., £1 ; Sir T. 
Basley, M.P., 10s. : Mr. Robert Rae, 2s. 6d. ; Mr. 
Kempster.2a.6d.; Mr. Wightman, 5s. ; Mr. Clutierbuck, 


April 13, 1S85. 



Qiarwr Ono Una Is. Cd. T^o Lines 8s. Od. 

iialf.Year ... „ 8«. Od. b 6b. Od. 

Year „ B9.0d, „ 10s. Od. 

Oorreapondenw anoula always b^hus on what nttrot tHe LcdRe 
meet*, when no hour In stated tha Lod^e meets at 8 p.m 

Lodge Secretaries plcas-3 noio Out we do not *end receipts for 
payment of subscriptions : the tppoaraoce of the 

Irons " office, 


' Aimer of Peace, 3, pnTcv-strt^t, Tottenham C.v,irt-rd. 8.15. 
Belirrftve Eaton Cimn-h rtclioolrnom.. CWm^tre^,, Pimlico 
City of London. Ahlersifits School-, 1S1, MnVrvirnte-street, E.C. 
Gratitude. 1, W-U'a Buit'lin-rs, H-vnp=toan, N.W. 8.15. 
Lambeth Perseverance. 101. South Lnibath-r.ia'l, 8. <v\ 815 
Orango Branch. Cou, School, St. Martiu'a-street, Leie^stor-sq. 

entrance Long-oonrt. 8.15. 
Prudential. Ebenezer Chapel, Hackford-road, Brix ton-road 

and 01 ap ham- road. 
Reeina. British S< ihoi il-room, "Eent-ish Town. 
Bhamroek. Phrcnix Cotton Tavern. 40, Sow Keut-rd.. 3.E. 8.15. 
Vulcan. Temv. Hall. Nnrth-st., Kenninjtoa-rd., S.E. 8.15. 
West End of London. Nutford Uall.lA, Nutf ord-pl, Kdgware-r. 8.16 

Albert Bond of Brotherhood. Temp. Hall, Bessuu-st., New 

Cross Gate. 
Freedom of London. St. Thom\3* School, Baroness-road, Hack- 

-L-], s.15. 

Hackney Mission. Morley Hall, Maro-at.reet, Unckney. 8.15. 
Handof Ffieinlship -?liore lir.-h M^v Hall. Kiri^hmd-rO. 8.30. 
Jabot Burns. Lecture Hall, Clntrch-street, Ed£i 

Victorr Won. Fane-st, Mistslnn Room North-ond-rd., Fulham 
Wellington. Mission Hall, Kings-oottrt, Boron ?h, S.E. S 15. 

Armoury. Norwood School*, Soutball. 


Franklin. Sctiool-room, St. Luke's Church, Berwick- 
street, O xford-a'reet. 8 30. 

Shoreditch Mission Hall (under arch), Kmgsland- 

road. 8.15 

Crown of Surrey. Welcome Hall, Wesfcow-Bt. Upper Norwood. 
Good Shepherd. Ebeneier Ch , Northend rd., West K'.'iisinvtou. 
Gunnerebnry. Baptist, Broadway, Turnhim Green. 7.30. 
Jehovah Jtrc-h, Tmnp. Hull. V>.-th--*ro»', Kftitmiirtoti-road. 
Joseph Payne. Christ Church Suhl, Charlcou-st., Somerg' Town. 
Marparet McCurrey.— Sydney Hall, Left'lur-strect, Chelsea. 
Pridoof Islodnn Temp. Hall, Ch. PaMairn,Cro?s-vt.,Islington. 8.15 
Prido of St.(tforSf'f. IMi-'.-r,ix Temp, it ill, 85, Comuiercial-rd.,E 
St. John's Island, ts Board School, Ulcn^ill-r.l., Cnhltt Town 

St. Lutes W.Hollowav. Parochial EalLNorth-rd .Cattle U urfcl 
The Mint. Mission Hall, Harrow-si , iliiil-st., Soutli wark, S.E. 

I ■•>■■ SDaT. 
Albert. Institute, -17, Wilkin-street, Kentish Town, N.W. 
General Garfield. Parv1i;e-ni. School, Clapham-road. 
Heart'* Content. Miss. Hall, Noal-street, Long Acre, S.lo, 
Homrrton'flHope. Gravel Pit - hap,, Chatham-pl., '-rackney. 815 
Hope of Highgate. St. Anne'? Sen., Chester-rd., Hitrh-jate N. Tn. 
Hope of Streatham Iron Srlioolrnoiu., Lewui-road, Streatham. 
Jap. MeCurrey. Bedford Hall, Upper Manor-st, Chelsea. 
Kew. Temperance Hall, Cutnbeii:^! place. Kew. 
London Ark of Safety. Hoxton Acadamy Sell., Hoxton-st.,8.15. 
London Olive Branch. Lecturo Hall, Kingsgate-st. Chapel 
Holborn. 8.30. 

Tottenham Holdfast, llcdho.--^ <"•">"' f rah, Hi/h-rd., Tottenham 

Bedford. Maberly Chapel School, Balls' Pond-road, near Kings- 
land Gate. „ , 

CoTerdale. Edinboro' Castle Coffee Palace, Rodeswell-rd., 
Limohouse, E. fl , 

G. W. MeCree. 3, Percy-street, Tottenham Court-road. 8.30. 

John Bowen. Alliance Hall, r'ruok-i nad, Deptford. 

Peckham. Albert Hall, Alb<-rt-ro id, Pockham Juv.Tem- 6.30. 

Kouth London. Bible Christ i n Si-tionlroom. Wni-erl'io-rcnd, S.E 

St, Pancras. Havelock Hail, Charltun-atreet, Eustou-road. 

Artisan. Miss. Hall. Cambridge Heath Bridge, Hackney, 7.30 

Corner Stone. 93, High-street, Poplar. 15 

Dove. MiFsion IIa.U,Dov.'-rr,w,r;.ii,l umt ;] Pow.Ha/?kney-rd, 7.45. 

Farmhouse. Minion Hall. 'J2, Kew Cut, Blaekfriara, S.E. 

G. W. Johnson, Temp. Hall. North St., Kcanimrton-road. 7-45 

Henry Anscll. "UVHiu^tor, Mall, I'ppcr-str^et, Islington. 

Lincoln and Garfield Minion Hall.H-, Neal-st., Lorn.- .\cre.W.O. 

Mile End. Christ Ch. Parish Km., Walaey-gt,, Commercial-rd. 

Sir Hugh Myddloton. 14, Speueer-stroet, Goswell-road. 8.15 

8t. Andrew's. Working Men's Institute, Belmorc-street Wands- 

Stockwell's Hope. The Instate, Stockwell Green. 

Victoria Park. Twig Folly Sen., Bonner-Jane, Green-3treet. 


AtDBRSHOT. — Aldershot. ilrB. Storold's Sch. 

Aldeeshot.— AahVale Sis.Cooksoy s.Cornml^a 
Beiohton,— Royal Sussex. Sussex-street Missi( 
BlBMiKonAM.— Nil Desperandutn. Richardsot 
■street, Great King-street. 

Albert-rd. 7.! 
at Bildg. 

Hall. 8.15. 
i School-roon 

Blackpool.— Guidiner Star. The Hall, Yorkstiire-streot 

Crotdos.— Hope of Oroydon.Cliurch Path. North-end. 

HiKEroRD.— Star of Hope. Prim. Meth. Schools, East-street. 

Lancaster.— County Palatine. Templar's' 

Libds.— British Rose Tt-rapla 

pLTMouTH.-lMym " 

RADCLirri.— Radclilte. G.T. Hall, Green-street. 

BlRKHNHEAD.— "David MiHctim," Queen's nail. Claughton-rd 
BlRMruoHAM.— Sandford Model St. Saviour's School, Farm- 
street. 7.*5. 
Beiuhtos. —^ ne. Conference Ball, Broad-at. 8.15 
Buckisgrau-— tuckiu'.-ham 

B,O.T, "■!-■■. ii 11 Lll.Victoria-stS.15 

, , I, ■ hi nl, rontii 

-Lor a 



Foots Chat. — Busy Bees. N-tio-jal s ■ii-oh, I'lmrch-road. 7.30 
Great Yarmouth.— Go..d iioie. P-mhei, Ko'lucy-road. 7.45. 
Hertford —Hope of Hertford, vv'o-lejau S hlr-n , Ware-rd 
LB1CK9TR. -Excelsior. Charles-street School-room. 7.S0, 
Majichsstfr.— Tower of Refuge. Prira. Wth. rich., Upper Moss 

lane, Uulme. 7 30. 
Man:h*oter.— Rev.Uhae.G:rT3tt. 2(j,Hewiti--t.,fllphtown. 7 45. 
MahChesier.— Good Samaritan. Con K -. Scb.,}.ort-ni. 7.30. 
Maroatk.— Isle of Thanet. Primitive Methodist School-room 
NbWcastle-on-TTNE,— Manors. Friends' School, Manor. 7-30, 
NzWKAYXir. Guiding Star. Schoohccm, Chapel-street. 7.30 

Plymouth.— Henry Wlieeler. Braidwood Inititut» Mutley. 7.30. 

PltmoUTH.— Temple of Peace. Borough Arms, Be Iford-atreet. 


Bath — Cotterell. St. James's Miss. Rtn., Nowark-st. .Old Bridge. 
Chrster.— Octaffop. Temperance Hall, Frodgaam-stroet.— Star of Easthonrnc, Leaf Hall. 
Ekoerbt (Leicester^— Charles Brook, National School. 
Hcll. Alwsys Active. Lower V iion-str-et Club Room. 
Manchester.— Friendly. Ebenezer Sehls .Red Bank.Cheethain. 
Southampton.— Phoenix. I.O.G.T. Hall, A»-cupart-streot. 
Soutuend-on-Sea.— Nil Desperandnm British Sohool. Hi^li-st. 
3TAlfJE3.— Rxi.'ehior. Cougrf'/ational S.'hool-ronin. 8 15. 
St. LRosA&ns-ON-^EA.— St. Leonards Temp. Hall, Norman-rd. 
Stour (Staffs.)— Faith and Hope. Cong. School-room .7.30. 
Wetmoiith.— Caxton. T-mporanee Hall, Park-street. 7.30. 
Winciirster.— City of Winchester. Y.M.O.A., Gt. Minstor-Efc. 
WisbecIL Clarkaon Lecture Room Public Hall. 


Bath.— Walcot Good Samaritan. Countess of Huntingdon's 

School-room, Vineyard. 
RiR-Mivcn am. —Severn -street. S--.vorn-street. 
BnLToN'.— Claromont Baptist School, Bark-stroot. 7.30. 
Burton-on -Trent. Equal Riehts. SwTcmp. Hall, D"nlon-st. 
CnnvpON Pion-rhr. Vi.-t.n-i.i Colt..' Tav.-rn, Church-streat. 
i:srTEH.— 'i \Y,-<tt%U Corfee •'avera. 

FoLEBBTOm. — Lor* and Unttj, Congregational School. 

(Uu-rs'Ni.. ---. r., ■:■•-■ p „i. Puhliy Hull. 
Great Yarmouth. — V.< rh 1. MariiK-rV (Mi.niel. Sth. Quav. 7 3^ 
fTBRRFORD. — Star of Hope. Prim. Meth. School-room, East-st. 
HoIjL.— Union. Templars' Hall, 'os tor ngate. 
Leeds.— Nil Deeperandnm, HTlntoon-st, Bfihlrm (off North-st.) 
Leicester.— Emanuel. Friar-lane Baptist Scho droom. 
\lANCiiESTKR.— City. G. T. flail, Bfcanley-sfcreet, Piccadilly. 
Reading,— Caledonian. Bridirostrcot School-room. 
Sheffield.— Pennington. Friend** School, Hai tshead. 
SirTiN',liori:sb; — ^afc -aid of .'.lil'ou. i\,i>,-,i :m ,-,.•■ n 7. 
^PALWNG.— Hand in Hand, Temp. Hall, The Cr.-socnt. 8.15. 
3t. Neots.— Star of St. Neots, Wesleyan Day School. 
Stonbhuuse 'Devon). — Mount Edgcumbo. Sailors' Welcome, 

Portsmouth.— Templars Alliance Sch. -rm., Victoria-st. 7.30. 
Truro.— Guiding Star. Y. M. C. A.. St. Mary-street. 7.30. 
Wimbledon.— Palmerston. St.Georges Hall, St. George's-road 

'Blackpool.— Gleam of Hope. Ban. Sch,-rm., Ahingdon-st. 7.30 
RniGHTON.— Advance Guard. Lewes B4., OongL Selu. Rm., 8.18. 
Bristol. MoL-ning Star Tcmpcran.-c Hall, Ii roil -street. 7.45. 
u.'I;t ST.EPMt'Kl-s.— Star and Crown. Frierids'Mi ug.House. 815. 
Exeter.— Abraham Lincoln. D. and E Coffee Tav., 101, Fore-st., 
Kq uckstonf.— Safeguard. Coo^rc/arional School. 

Guild ford. -Guild ford. Ward-street Hall. 8,15. 
Hereford.— True to the End. Friends' Meeting House, King-st. 
Hull.— United Etfort. Club Room, Lower Union-st. 7.30. 
Liverpool.— Cranmor. Coifeo Room, 104, Great Homer-street. 
aANOffBSTER.— Loyal R. Whitworth, 117, Grosvenor-street, AH 
Saints 7.45. 

—Haven of Re?t. Brit. Work , Higher Ormond-st. 



Weymouth. — Ho 


Hall, London-st. 7.30. 

Manchester. — Concilio et Lahore. 5, Fountaiu-st., City. 7 p.m. 
Plymouth. Ark of Love. Hope Chapel Sch-rm., Ebnngtou-Bt, 

Belfast. — Erln'a Firrt. QlejCflantile Aeaderay,C]enravel-9t. Friday. 
Dublin.— St. Catherine's, Thomas Court. Tuesday. 
Dublin.— Crusade. Town Hall, Rathmines. Wednesday. 

Douglas.— Primrose. G. T. Hall.Fort-st., off Victoria-st. Mon 

Port of Hamburo.— Sailors' Institute. Tuesday. 
arand t-oilgt ui Btmtii Aancr-lia I.O.G.T. 
B. W.G. Lodge of the World, 
Msmber of tno Order emigrating ui Sonth Ar.straUa will pleas'- 
lute the addrea of th« O.W.3.— tV. ff. Winwood, I.O.G.T. Officf 
Adelaide, S.A. 

Port or Spain.— "Trinidad." Templnrs' 

Landour.— Himalaya Star. Soldiers' Institute. Friday, 7. 

Port Louis. — Victoria No. 1. 36, Rempart-street. Friday, 7. 



Alexandria.— Advance. School-room, Ras-el-Tin Mon., 7. 

Alexandria.— Hope. Sailors' Home, Marina. Saturday, 7. 

Cor chebt* R.— Stronghold of Friendship. Inf. Sch Camp. Wed. 8. 

Devonport.— LYleretAn'.as.n.orey'-f Refreshment Hse. 8,Fore-st 

EGYPT.— Lome N.W. Block, lamlch Marracks. 

ShBeRness.— Naval Bxcel-ior. Bethel Sehrm., Blue Town. 7.30, 

ShoeBurtnpss. — Hope of dboe'ouryneas. Mission room, High- 
street. Monday, 7.39. 

Soddan.— Nil De3peraiidunx 1st Batt. R. Sussex Regt. Ex- 
peditionary Force. Sat 0.30 (Near C&mo). 

Soddan.— Onward ji.und l t i'.' t.H. v.' K RegC,near Camp. 680 

Malta.— ghr^, ■ ■ . ■- • ■. i'ne R.-t Wed., 7 p.m. 

MatTA.— Geneva Croal BoTdle Home, Dionana, Wed. p.m. 

Malta— E^- l-i..r I".- n , u ..- ar m LE It. Wed 7p.m. 

Ni'Wiir — Bome»ard Uoond. Infant SohooL Monday 7. 
mi, eiomptoh.— Red, White and Uloe. 1 ».G.T lad -tat. 

Winchester— Garrison Safeguard. St. Maurice Hall, High-sfc. 7. 

''Chnmpapnt- iethe exriiliiratiDor liquid which rarely 
fails to -n iniiy oar i am I tte wait*, bao, like a mouey- 

!•■ ii 1 I pr,:: engrail y flr-maiuls i pr itty aig"h I'atP of interest 
for the accommodation, "' Thn?>, Mr. Jamoa Pavn, the 
novelist, in Good Words for April, 

Tub Juvenile Tempi, \b AND Sonbise.— Daek num- 
bers of thes, beautifully-illustrated magazines, for 
distribution atfetes, galas, anniversaries, enter tain men to, 
fro., at waste'DEbper pricea, carriage paid, one ehiUiug and 
sixpence per hundred ; 2.7HJ f»ir 2s. 6.1. \ fi00 for 4s. ; 1,000 
for 7s. —John Kempster and Co"] % Bolt-court, Fleet- 
street, London, B.C.— [AdvtJ 


On Monday last Itobert Riss was charged at Dundee, 
before Bailie Taylor, with having on Sunday 6old a 
bottle of whisky and one of ram on the stair leading 
to the premises known as the Freo Gardeners' Club. 
The superintendent of police said the prisoner 
was acting as door keeper to tbe club which 
was apparently doing a " roaring' business. On 
Sunday, from particulars supplied by officers who 
watched the premisss, he learned that in one hour 
duriDg the evening no less than 60 persons entered 
and 91 came ont of tbe club, a large proportion of 
those who left being very much the worse for liquor, 
and the stair at time3 was blocked with drunken men. 
The magistrate said there seemed to be a tremendous 
trade going on in this club on the Sabbath day. He 
believed the trade carried on by these clubs was 
something extraordinary. They were a nuisance to 
the town, and it was disgraceful that any man with 
any idea of respectability should have anything to 
do with them. The people connected with such clubs 
were not satisfied with doing a large business inside, 
but. they even hawked their liquor outside. It was 
certainly an extraordinary state of affairs. In the 
meantime the law could not touch those men who 
were members, and who sat drinking in the clubs, 
but he honed to see such a state of matters remedied 
at an early d*te. He would not be doing his duty 
unless he imposed a penalty on Ross which would 
deter him and others from such disgraceful conduct 
in the future. The sentence would be a fine of £10, 
and failing payment, imprisonment for 00 days. The 
fine was paid. 

Society for the Study and Cure of Inebriety, 
—The following are the elected officers for the year 
1884-5 :— President : Dr. Norman Kerr. Vice-presi- 
dents : Sir G. Burrows, Sir W. Miller, Sir G. H. 
Porter, Sir E. Saunders. Sic Spencer Wells ; Professors 
B. Foster, Macalister, M'Kenlrick, JHaclagan ; 
Surgeon-General Logie ; Drs. J. S. BriBtowe, Cameron, 
M.P., W. B. Carpenter, Farqnharson, M.P., C. J. 
Hare, George Harley, William Ogle, B. W.Richardson, 
W.H. Walshe, C.J. Wheelhouse. Treasurer, Dr. Drys- 
dale. Honorary secretary, Dr. Sturrock. Council : 
Surgeon- Gen era! C. R.Francis, Surgeon-Majors Evatt, 
G. K. Poole, Drs. Balding, Barnes, Beverley, Bridge- 
water, Alfred Carpenter, J. EastwooJ, Fitch, Gibson 
Haynes, Hicks, Hurry, Lindsay, Peddie, Robertson,' 



DE6SEK, £2 3s. EACH. 

Fringes, Gimps, Braids, Stars, Tassels, 

Buttons, Letters, Rosettes, Embroidered 

Badges and Emblems, Pins, &e. 



122, Cheapside, London, E.C. 

Entrance in Wood-street. 

Apbh 13, 1885. 





TMs Offer Good till May 15th, 1885, Only. 


£1000 IN CASH, 

obva«Ufib'.G pnUisher. THIS 18 A CHANCE OF A LIFETIME FOR. 

Hul^EHOLIj . 

rtnNOWAND MAT15th. 


vHhntnU - .. . :i. 1K2 HOUSEHOLB JODHNAL. ind 

;iicl l'..lA. 

printed numbered i 

b of the f ollowiug Mngnifloont Presents : 


1 Cash Gift -W ...... , 

IIO Cash Gtlta r £20 each - . • « 

'20 CaahOiffaof £10 each - - . 

5 Elegant Upright Pianos. £-10 caoh 

, lO Elegant Cabinet Organs. £20 each - 

1 10 Beautiful Silver Em- er Sets, 7piec« 

Elegant Silk Dreesea. £10 each. 

' Solid Gold "Watches, £4 each 
_ Solid Gold Watches, £S eacl 
25 Ladles' or Gents' Diamond Sings 
i 193.747 useful and valuable artto 

Solid Gold Watches, £8 each 2O0 1000 Oil Pictures 

BO Boys' Silver Watches. £2 each - 
©O Ladies' watches. £2 each 

SCO Cish Presents. £1 each • 

600 Beautiful Alarm ClccJis 

500 Elegant ~ 

BOO rioralJ 1 

50O BUvej ,' . -. 

t Photograph Albums 

■ Pork" 1 Fr r 

600 Sets Silver-plated Tea-spoon3 
600 Sets Table Fortts ■ 

I besides. I ho Prix 
i the J 


l*d MAY 15th, 16B6.: 

i United King'don 

i beaut.iful'Present . 
I ],i Li!:*iiod/ 

viUbo forwarded to all Su^r-cnV... -■...=;. th* TOTJSSAjLin 

(THE HOUSEHOLD JOURNAL &2J&S&SSs U '¥£¥¥&) *8*%k±%{ 

Twenty Large Pages, and has an elegantly engraved, illustrated, and tinted Cover. It is replete , 

' 'th beautiful illn.'.rau i - un.l.-!" i.:<- Uirntr.rr No espemse is snared tr> Dink* tbis p: b\ ...,:-t in the is ' ' 

REMEMBER. WE MAKE NO CHARGE lor the^ pre-senta. The Two Shillings is [be >.il ■■■ rt 
:<-o for Bix months to the. JOURNAL, and *ome una is =ur. ! . ^t n Crand Prize of £1,000. OUR PRO 
U come from our ad-rcrlUme palroiia £ e : *M<h mil ho very large, at remunenttiTe raws, ftewant 200,000 i _ 

I subscribers before M»y 15th, and a:: no are now rccriyine daily m many as 3,000. v. e arc iiu-c lo ^ci thc_ required 1 

L Bhlllinps or 'C f i.ip :.'.'.■ 



it address, post paid, and i 

I a" free " subscription" c TO TOU.-ftT^ 

' od* time, we will i for six moml.i ana six numbered rei 

i Send Twenty Shi Mines r.i < n- nine, wiili t)ie names u( tin friend* or ae<iuauii*ne*s, an 
I tlona and twelve numbers,! receipts, and so mi, thus giving vu mi i-;'n rrrripc and niibjcn 

jve two receipts foi-Fo 


be seat when 

'Address — THE HOUSEHOLD JOURNAL, H.C. Edwards, Manager, 31, BouYerie St.,' 


Temperance Hotels. 

IL_FRACOMBE.-1'Wi>,k'3 I'lnwir. hufkl axd m 
BH» Establishment, the only one on strict Temperance 
principles. Note new Address, Blenheim House, overlooking 

orescent, W.O. Oomfortable accommodation. Patronised by 
G.L. Executive. Clone- to Buiton, 8t.Panorw and KinpV Groan Ryi 

LONDON .— Tramtkiis Trmperamcf Hotkk 7, 8 and 9 
Bridge water-eqaaro Burbioan, City R.O., near Aldersi<ate-Mtrep*, 
Metropolitan Railway Station Most central for business 01 
pleasure ; conifortable and homely ; ehargea atriotlj moderate 

Charge For n.tbmn'Rnf, 

per night. Plain breakfajii 

. UfiV. See advfc. 

XH£ IfJLlhi&V U* <*i<l» 


Taeso itaasSS Pills PUBIFY th* BLOOD, and *o« 
most powerfully, yet soothingly on the UTER, 
JONE, EN1E0Y, and VI80B to the whole system, 
Ihey are wonderfully efficacious in all ailments 
incidental ' to FEMALES, Young or Old, Marritd 
or Single, and as a general FAMILY MEDICINE, fo! 
Che oure of most complaints they tro uncqualiod- 



Midlanl' rjetrs 

sale Friires, at J. Moore's, Buxton-rosd, tliuUler» field. I'rico, 
with Drawings of every instrument, post free. Music for any 
kind of Band. Bandmffn'a Caps. Patronised by the Army, 
N«Ty, and Rifle Corps. Second-hand Instruments bought or 
iken In Exchange. 

Cares all eruptions and blemishes in a few days Beautifully 
fragrant. Perfectly nannies*. RemoveB ov».t.v kind of pimpli 

SKIN COMPLAINTS, eczema in its many forms, psoriasis, 
prurigo, tetter, pii yria.ii.j, srnl.v fuiMKitinus, bbn-klieada, ache in 
in any phase. All Irritation is ;illi*yeil, ;\n-\ thc.-io dhjeotiyiiable, 
mjsi^litlv Mtlfiti.ii.s m 1 ' i'kly 3 if 1-1 in t!iL- pm ii'yinL' L'lr'cut of Sulpho- 
line, a marvellous Determent Lotion. Sold everywhere, Bottles 
2s. 9d. 




of PEPPEK'S QUININE and IKON TONIC, as it btrengthem 
the stomach, stopiiin^ sinkiiiy Sk'nsiLitioo?, removes iii'ligestion, 
heartburn, palpitation, &c. By its use all necessity for beer, 
wine, or spirit is avoided. Sold by Chemists, but insist on having 
Pepper's Tonic. Half-Crown Botdes of 16 doses ; next size 
doses, 4s. Od. 

thesnfest and best. In a few dajfl ii gradually deepens grey 
hair to a perfectly natural shale. Lockyer's surpasses the ttfect 
of costly washes. Never disappointing. Guaranteed harmless. 
Large bottles, Is. Cd. Sold everywhere. 



In Boxes at la, l}d.. 5» M., «a. M„ ui lis. 

to Bores at is. ltd., Cs. *'.. as. M„ snA 11a. 










2d, each, or 3 fur 4d ; 6 for Cd. ; 15 for Is. 
2s. 6d. ; 8 dozen for 4s. 6d. 

This Ribbon, with fcwowhitestripesadded, is indicatife 
of Anti-Smoking Good Templary, aud is sold at th 
same price. 

New Cabinet Portraits of Bro. Joseph Malins, 
R.W.G.T., Is. each ; catte de visite, Sd. each. 


Registered— No. SS4.645. 
Produced solid in Bronze, Electro-gilt, Stealing Silver, 
Gold, and finished in the best style of workmanship. To 
Agent-, in Lodges ordering NOT LESS than one dozen 
a discount at the rate of 2s. iu the pound will be allowed. 
Bronze Pendant, Pin or Brooch, 7d. ; Electro-gilt do., 
Od. ; Sterling Silver do., Is. Id. ; Double-faced Silver 
Pendant, 2s. !)d. ; Double-faced Gilt Silver Pendant, 
3s. 9d. ; Gold (!) carat) Pendant, Pin, or Brooch, 13s. Cd.; 
Gold (15 carat) do., ISs. Cd. 
New Fancy Silver Pendant mounted on Blue Enamel, 3a. 




This, which takes the place of the Juvenile White 
Regalia, consists of a specially made blue worsted material 
with a white stripe. On the left side is attached a 
Coventry silk-woven globe badge, with the letters 
"I.O.G.T." The whole is finished off with the new 
metal official seal, The grand Lodge of England beinej 
the sole makers, the price in brought down to 

8d. each, or 60. per dozen. 

SUB-LODGE OFFICERS. (12 to the set.) 

Scarlet Merino : — Narrow gimp, badge rosettes, 2*3, the set. 

Scarlet. French Merino:- Gold gimp, purple silk velvet, badges, 


nd buttons, £2 the 

-Full trimmed jjimp, velvet, badjrej 
nbroidored ornament-., r 

Prince of Wale?' feutben 
£2 10s. the a I 

Scarlet French Mfrino : — iin. firurod oria lace, sold braid, 
plated letters on ptirpio velvet b*dgo; gilt plume oa velvet 

; lace, gold braid, 

badge ; rosettes nwl 2in. tnfse,3, £3 the set. 
Scairlet French Merino:— ^in. figured < 

purple velvet badge ;' rosettes, aad 


(Purple, with Scarlet Collaretto, 14 to the set ) 

Purple French Merino, Scarlet Collarette :— *in. figure 1 oris 

ace, sold braid, 1 star, 2 fdt pinnies, silver silk woven letters, 

osetti:*, ami Oin. tassels, £5, 

Purple Velvot, with Scarlet Velvot Collarette, $in. ^old laoe, 
iiu. Bold frir-ge, Mlver silk woven letters, S.Ik lined, ro?elteS 
,nd 3in. tassels, £8. 

et French Merino:—! row gold Ru3.-ian, pla 

letters, official sealc, 203. 

Scarlet FrenoHMerini 
tors, official veals, 25a. 

Scnrlot French Merino :— Best gimp, silver plated letters 

-1 row gold gimp, silver plateJ let- 

nd charged 3s. per set 

Superintendents Regalia, 5s. : 7s. 6d. each. 
Regalia yose3 : -11n ca^e. w th lock and key, 4s. 


box, lined, ftp., 5s. 8d. au 

New Metal Rosette.— The authored substitute for 

nhli'i'. rn*. (te on Hi.' i'p-u'nh!i of -rl.. I., -r|,..- iiciril'i-i'- , mi'l 

Juvenilis Offleorg and HembM II ,- a representation o 

the 11 :.I of th.' P.' v C.I., i.l tii- v ,,,1,1; U m He i>. yellow 
metal from a haudaome die, and \t a cheap, nent, and 

durable ornament. Price 3d. each, or 1>. 9d. per dozen, 
post free. 

White Motal Letters for any reg.iiia. 2d. each, or Is. 9d. per 


Silk Letters for any regalia, 4d. each, 




Grand Lodge Offices, 



APRU 13, 1885. 


Many scorea of lively, clietry, bright, entertaining, 
mirth- provoking Stories will be found in 



Which is full of Hdmoeous Illustrations by the 
best irtists. Post Free from Dr. EOOKE, 
Scarborough, England, Author of the " ANTI- 






Is pecially recommended by several eminent Physicians 
and by DR. ROOKE, Scarborough, author of the " Anti- 

It has been used with the most signal success for 
Asthma, Bronchitis, Consumption, Coughs, Influenza, 
Consumptive Night Sweats, Spittinc of ];i,„,d, Shortness 
of Breath, and all Affections of the Throat and Chest. 

Sold in Bottles, at Is. 9d., 4s. 6d., and lis. each, by all 
respectable Chemists, and wholesale by JAMES M. 
CROSBY, Chemist, Scarborough. 

JS- Invalids Bhould read Crosby's Prize Treatise on 
"Diseases of the Lungs and Am- Vessels," a copy of 
which can be had Gratis of all Chemists. 






I. O-G. T. 



Begs to call the attention of the public to his 
splendid stock of 


Of all the Latest Designs, 

Direct from the Manufacturer, at the Lowest Cash 


Overcoats to Order. All wool and shrunk, from£l 15s. 

Made on the Premises, at the Shortest Notice. 


(Pour doors from Hoiborn, W.C.) 





A Temperance Play in Two Acts, 

Five Characters. 
Price 4d. POST FREE. 

3, Bolt-court Fleet-stront E. C. 

LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 21- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LtWlO ask yon to send them 2s., 
either in stamps or postal orders, and you 
will receive ONE POUND of splendid 
TEA. This magnificent Tea is good 
enough for the Queen to drink it is so 
good. Lewis's now sell 4,0001b. of Tea 
a day to persons who call for the Tea 
and take it away, so that in sending you 
this Tea, carriage paid, at 2s. a pound, 
Lewis's lose the expense of carriage, 
which is about Gd. a package. Lewis's 
bear this great loss because they wish 
to make their tea known in every 
household in the United Kingdom, 
When you have tasted Lewis's extra- 
ordinary tea, you will be sure to order 
more, and recommend it to your friends. 
Send the 2s. in stamps, or in postal 
orders, and address your letter to Lewis 
and Co., Ranelagh Street, Liverpool. 
(Please mention this paper.) 



ORPHANAGE.MaeionPakk, Sunbory-on-thames.— For 
itous Orphan Children of Total Abstainers Contributions 
earnestly solicited. Collecting Cards and any information may 
be obtained from the Hon. Sec., Mr. S. It. Rolfe, 45, Paulet* 
road, Camberwell, BE. 

49 O H ""ST 3MC 3ST S FOR 3d. 

The V,v,t the !;li-".,I, tin.' clump'' I T. iiip._niiii:r, lliind ot Hupt.', and <'■■•■>■] IVmplm- ;uid I'.'nc Ki.l n 1 1 \ inn ;ind S, >n- Book is 


Trie bc=t [jrudu< ul :.:<.: u Writers, c.i.t unlti- -„','., lf> niiiri. : .■: * Ki.iiu.l.-,, ;■:;, rlus, }(iJ .-uii-s. l'u Wished in H hditious, 
with Mil ic in both nutations, from 3d. to 5s. each, 
peciniens free for Six Stamps from Gr . H - O K. A 3tX A 3VI , M A.EX>STOI*0"E. 





ft! Fennings' Children's Powders Prevent Convulsions, 


H For Children Cutting their Teeth to prevent Convulsions. 

P (Do not contain Calomel, Opium, Merphia, or anything injurious to M ti ^ 

t" 1 a tender babe.) H Alfred F 

Kj Sold in Stamped r.-ixcs, at Is. lid. and 2s. 9d. (gn -ai .savin-.') with full frj 

™ direct i*>in -"-tit \>-st free lor 15 stamp-", Direct to ALFRED m 

W FENNLNGS, West Cowes, I W. ^ 

<JtT Read FENNINGS 1 EMOIlY MwTII KK'.s JJDuK, which contains q 

W valuable hints of l-Vcin;:. Jeclh.iib'. Weaning, Sleeping, &c. Ask ^ 
your Chemist tor a FREE Copy. 

FENNINGS' E TERY MOTHER'S BOOK sent post free on application by letter or 
post card Direct to Alfred Fennings, "West Oowes, LW. 


The largest size Boxei, 
contain three times the. quantity of the small boxes. 

Sent post Dec, U stamps. Direct A. FekniNqS, 

Established 1840, fob, Mutual Life Asar/EAscx. 
London Board : 
ROBERT WARNER, Esq., 8, Orescent, Oripplegate, Ohal nnan 

7, S. CAINE, Esq., M.P 


B. WHITWORTH, Esq., J. P. 

M.P., 11, Holland-park 

HieiLur : Francis Howba, J--4.. 

Cannon-street, E.G. 

Consulting Actuary : Ralph Pj Hardy, Esq. 


No. of Policies issued 2,317. 

Amount Assured £622, "07 

New Annual Premiums 23,770 12s.lld. 

Annual Incomo 42t,00O 

Added to capital during 1884 215,000 

Accumulated Capital, 31at December, 1884 ... 3,601.000 
Roci ipts itnd Expenditure in the Temperanoe and General See* 
ons kept distinct. The pronto in the Temperanoe Sections have 
been about 20 per cent, more than in the General. 

Entire Profits aud also the Accumulated Fund belong to the 
For prospeotofles, Ac, apply to THOMAS CASH, Secretary. 
0"A few active Temperance men wanted as Agents. 
Mr. J. W. Willis, Bristol DistrictAgent forthe above, Tompei 


la every Town, Village, and Hamlet In our land to 
push tbe Sale of 


for the speedy production of an agreeable Temperance Beverog 
for all the ye^r round. 

-refreshing— a most excellent 
beverage, and in the highest degree 

PIMPED PnDniAl arouses the lyre of poets. The 

UlNutn UUnUIAL "Teesdale Poet" writes :- 
If you want drink your bejrts to cheer. 
Tot keep your craniums cool and clear ;" &c. 

Wholesale Agent for Hampshire and Isle of Wight, Bro W. 

JAS. SIMMONS, 32, Commons st., Kingston, Portsmouth,. 
One Bottle, Post free, Nine stamps, from 

R. W. RAINE, P.W.C.T., L.D., &c„ &C. 


Mlddleton-in-Teesdale. Co. Durham. 

R. "W. RAINE will be glad to hear from any Gooi Templar 
Brother wishful to take an Agency for " Ginger Cordial ' 

KsUthlislied 1851. 

BIRKBECK BANK.— Southampton Buildings, 
Chancery Lane. 

repayable on demand. 

calculated on the minimum monthly balanceB, when not drawn 
below £50. 

Tbe Bank undertakes for its customers, free of charge, the 

istody of Deeds, Writings, and other Securities and Valuables : 
the collection of Bills of Exchange, Dividends and Conpons ; add 
the Purchase and Sale of Stocks. Shares, and Annuities. 
Letters of Credit and Circular Notes issued. 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with fuU particulars, post 

free, on applicatic 


The Blrkbeck Building Society's Annual Receipts 
exceed Five Millions. 

GUINEAS PER MONTH, with immediate Possession 
and no rent to pay. Apply at tho Office of the BIRKBECK 
BUILDING SOCIETY, 29, Southampton-buildiDgs, Chancery- 

Possession, either for Building or Gardening purposes. Apply 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full particulars, on 


' m 



boiling herbs. On* 

West I 

is, I.W. 

THIS Preparation makCB __ 
Beverage, giving colour, flavour, gingi 
like bottled ale, without the trouble of 

table-spoonful makea one gallon. The EXTRACT is prepared 
from the above well-known herbs, gathered when in full bloom, 
all of whieh are so popularly known to make a wholesome, 
cooling, and refreshing drink. Sold in bottles at 6d., Is., 2s., 
and 6b. ouch. — Sole Proprietors, and may be obtained Wholesale 
only frem 

NEWBALL & MASON. Chemists, 10, Derby Road 


SPECIAL.— A sample bottle, enough to make four gallons, 

sent carriage paid to any address for 9 stamps. Sold by Grocers. 

4c; if not in stock they will procure it for you. Agents wanted, 

Printed by the National Presa Agerjcy, Limited, 13, Whitefria 

3-street, Fleet-street, E.C., and published by John Kempster & Co., 3, Bolt-court. Fleet'street.London.KC— 
Monday, April 13, 1885, 

^•T 8 H»E»GOO'0-T'EHMf' 


The Grand Lodge Number. 

-•• -■*■-■■■ ■ .- .... ,. — -.. — 

Vol. XII. No. 587. \^St^df] MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1885. [ Ne w%a P er.] Twopence. 




Henry Williams wae sentenced to seven years' penal 
servitude, in November, 1884, at Winchester Assizes, 
by Baron Huddleston, under the following oircum- 
Btanoes : — 

He had just retired from the Metropolitan Police 
with a pension and an honourable record of 17 years' 
service, and was employed as a private detective by a 
London office of good repute. 

Many of the public-houses in the town of Poole, 
In Dorsetshire, were so disgracefully conducted, that 
Alderman Norton, after long experience of the neglect 
of the local authorities and the connivance of the 
police who were well in with the publicans,determined 
to employ two private detectives, Williams being one. 
Proceedings were taken against IS publicans and four 
other persons, including the Chief Constable. The 
magistrates refused to renew seven out of 18 licences, 
but four of these were again granted on appeal. Three 
notoriously bad houses were closed, but at a cost of 
over £300 a house to Alderman Norton, who was so 
mobbed that his life was at stake. 

Williams, in giving evidenoe, swore that Superin- 
tendent Hunt, Chief Constable, was frequently on 
licensed premises drinking after hours, and, under 
cross-examination, he said, as to one particular night, 
" I should think he had from 15 to 20 lots of gin." On 
thisa charge of perjury was brought, and witnesses 
denied tbat Hnnt had so much gin, but admitted that 
he was drinking there that night. These witnesses 
were persons who were compromised by Williams' 
evidenoe, or pecuniarily interested in the houses. The 
judge placed great difficulty in the way of the defence, 
constantly interrupted Williams' counsel, spoke of 
Williams' calling as a '* degraded " one, characterised 
the publican, the Chief Constable, and others impli- 
cated as most respectable persons, and acted through- j 
out with obvious animus and unfairness. 
Williams was found guilty, and sentenced to the 


extreme penalty—seven years' penal servitude. Sen- 
tences for the most flagrant cases of perjury have 
seldom exoeeded five years. 

Seven Poole magistrates have declared their belief 
in the innocence of Williams. 

Sixteen hundred people in Poole, convinoed that 
Williams is innocent, have memorialised the Home 
Secretary ; Sir William Harcourt has consulted the 
judge ;thc judge is immovable, so the Home Secretary 
as yet does not interfere. 

There is no Court of Criminal Appeal as in civil 
cases. The only appeal is to the British pnbJic. The 
most respectable men at Poole — magistrates, clergy- 
men and other leading inhabitants are convinoed that 
Williams is innocent. Even were he guilty, what a 
cruel sentence! Whose liberty might not be sworn 
away by such a combination of witnesses I 

The Law Times says of the judge that he 
shewed " an absence of judicial impartiality." 

The Echo says: — "We have read the summing- 
up thrice . . . we have never read such a summing- 
up before, and we hope we may never read Buch a 
summing up again." 

Surely it is incumbent upon us as Englishmen to do 
all we can to get this unhappy man released, and 
restored to his wife and home. He is entitled to a 
free pardon and the restoration of his pension. 
Friends are very urgently requested to write to or 
call upon their members of Parliament, and ask theai 
to move in the matter: to write to the Home Secretary; 
to write to the newspapers ; to form local committees; 
to hold meetings and get them reported. Lovers of 
justice will surely not rest until they have reversed 
this cruel miscarriage of justice. 

Pecuniary contributions are solie'ted towards de- 
fraying the necessary expenses of holding meetings, 
printing, fee,, and may be remitted to the Rev. George 
Brooks, Kensington-chambers, 73, Ludgate Hill, 
London, hon. sec; or to Johu Mann, Esq., 110, Tulse 
Hill, London. S.W., treasurer ; on behalf of the Lon- 
don Committee, of which Benjamin Whitworth, Esq., 
M.P., is president. 


At the Winchester Assizes, held in November last 
before Baron Huddleston, Henry Williams, private 
inquiry officer, was tried for " wilful and corrupt 
perjury in his evidence as a witness in the hearing of 
certain summonses at a Petty Sessions in the borough 
of Poole." Mr. Collins, Q.C., and Mr. F. V. Budge ap- 
peared for the prosecution, and Mr. C. Mathews for 
the prisoner. The case had caused considerable excite- 
ment,as was manifested by thecro wded state of the court 
and the large concourse of people outside from Poole, 
Wimbourne, Bournemouth, and other places, and who 
were, of course, unable to gain admission. The Poole 
Guardian, after a descriptive sketch of the scene in 
court, thus reports the proceedings : — 

y The jury appeared a respectable and steady set of 
men. The name of Mr. Featherstone, a licensed 
victualler, was challenged, and he withdrew, his 
lordship remarking that he did not see 
what the fact of his being a licensed 
victualler had to do with the case, and Mr. 
Mathews saying that while he did not intend any- 
thing at all invidious to Mr. Featherstone, he felt 
bound in justice to his client, who was being prose- 
outed by a Licensed Victuallers' Association, to 
mention his name. All witnesses on both sides, 
including Mr. Carter, of the Poole Potteries, and one 
or two otherB who had been subpoenaed, were directed 
to leave the court. The six assignments related to 
the alleged harbouring of Superintendent Hunt on 
the 28th of July, permitting gaming on the 30tb, 
31st. and 1st of August, selling during close-time on 
the 2nd of August and again on Sunday, the 3rd. All 
these cases and the proceedings having reference to 
them have been fully reported in the Guardian as 
they have occurred, and copies of these reports were 
in the hands of counsel and solicitors on both sides. 
When the charge was read ont to the prisoner he, in 
a quiet but clear and firm voice pleaded '■ Not 
guilty." Not another word was uttered by him the 
whole day through. His attitude was the same at the 
end of the day as it had been at the beginning — calm, 
collected, and unflinching. 



Aphil 20, 1885 

His lordship's manner towards Mr. 

Mathews [the prisoner's counsel] was that of 
a man conscious of his wisdom to a youth 
he regarded as conceited. Among the many 
well-known faces was the pale and thoughtful 
countenance of the Lord Chief Justice's son, who 
sat next the Clerk of the Court, olosely attending to 
the trial. . ,. 

In opening the case for the prosecution. Mr. Collins 
said that his duty was very simple. He had merely 
to lay before them the facts, and they would hear the 
witnesses and decide upon their evidence. The 
prisoner was a private inquiry agent, and he was in 
the service of a man in London named Butcher, and 
was through him employed by a Mr. Alderman 
Norton, who lived at Poole, who possessed ideas, 
which he would not characterise, about public-houses 
in general and the public-houses of Poole in particular 
and who engaged this man and supplied him with 
money for the purpose of committing— for the pur- 
pose of watching and reporting on the licensed houses. 
He was accompanied by another man of the same 
genus, and as a result of their labour a very large 
number of summonses were taken out, many of which 
were withdrawn or dismissed, but in some of which 
the magistrates convicted the defendants, and at the 
subsequent brewster sessions seven licences were re- 
fused, four of which were, however, restored on appeal 
at Dorchester Quarter Sessions. His witnesses would 
give statements on the matters to which Williams 
swore directly at variance with his. Mr. Collins pro- 
ceeded to review at great length the evidence already 
given. All the arraignments in this indictment re- 
ferred to the Crown, which was a respectable hotel at 

The first witness was Mr. A. A. Allen, the acting 
clerk to the justices at Poole. He gave formal evi- 
dence as to the informations and hearings in the 
several cases referred to in the assignments. All the 
cases against Collis were either withdrawn or dis- 
missed. . „ , 
CroBs-examined : The summons against hupt 
Hunt for being harboured was withdrawn. There 
were originally 12 cases against Collis, hut as one of 
the summonses had not been properly signed it was 
withdrawn by Mr. Bullen, who appeared for the pro- 
secution. Of the remaining 11, three were for gaming, 
three for selling during prohibited hours, and three 
for harbouring police. Mr. Bullen, I believe, did say that 
after that one case was withdrawn that 1 1 remained— 
three for permitting drunkenness (it should have been 
for gaming), five for selling during prohibited hours, 
and three for harbouring police. 

Mr Mathews : I want to know, Mr. Allen, whether 
you have a record of the cases withdrawn. I submit 
that the evidence is that the case of harbouring police 
was actually withdrawn. Mr. Bullen Baid at the time 

that ,, , 

His Lordship : I cannot allow you to ques- 
tion the official record. There it is. You 
must keep to strict legality. 

Mr. Mathews : My lord, it shall not be kept up. Mr. 

Bullen at the bearing as 

His Lordship, curtly •• Mr. Bullen is as 
liable to mistake as anybody, else. 1 
wonder you have not brought him here. 
Cross-examination continued : These cases caused a 
great deal of excitement at Poole. Mr. Norton s 
action was not altogether favourably received. (A 
voice- "The Tichborne case." and laughter.; 

His Lordship : This has nothing to do 
with the case. I will not have the Poole 
cases brought here and tried over again. 

Mr Mathews : I want to Bhew that great feeling 
existed at the lime the cases were heard. 

His Lordship : How can that be evi- 
dence? . ... 

Witness, continuing : A message was brought to me 
on the 2Gth of August from the superintendent s wife 


Mr. Collins : I object to this. 

Mr. Mathews : My lord „._«,« 

His Lordship: It is no reason because the 
case comes from Poole why we should 
admit it. You will presently want to 
introduce what somebody had said that 
somebody had read what in some news- 
paper it was stated somebody did. 

^Sattws : My lord, if you please. . 

His Lordship : It is not as 1 please ; it is the law. 

Cross-examination concluded : On the last day of 
the hearing an undertaking was given by the solicitor 
for the defence to prosecute this man tor perjury 
within a month, and, as a matter of fact, the mouth 
all but one day elapsed before proceedings were 
initiated, and it was just before the appeals against 
the decisions of the Poole magistrates were going 
before the magistrates in Quarter Sessions at Dor- 
chester, where Williams was again to be called to give 

CT His n Lordship: It seems to me to be * genius of 
modern legislation to have every sort of appeal It is 
i tendency I do not hold with. 

Mr ColLs : Good for the lawyers, my lord. (Loud 

la HULordship : Not good for the pohlic 
Mr. Mathews: I wish to show, my lord, that the 

undertaking was given merely with a view of discre- 
diting this man's evidence in the eyes of the magis- 
trates at Dorchester. _ 
His Lordship : You can shew nothing ot tne 

sort. If the magistrates dismissed the oase it was 
because they disbelieved this man's testimony. It a 
man commits perjury it is an offence against th9 
Crown and against the public morality, and, in com- 
mon honesty, men are bound to take steps to see that 
it is punished. This is in no sense a private prosecu- 

Mr. Mathews : My lord, it is in every sense a 
private prosecution. (Applause, which was sup- 

His Lordship : That is not the question. The ques- 
tion is whether this man swore falsely or whether he 
did not. . . 

Mr. Allen, re-called: The Miyor refused to im- 
pound the notebooks of the inquiry agents, which was 
applied for, unless an undertaking was given to pro- 
secute for perjury. 

[The application for the impounding of the note- 
books waB made by Mr. Willes, who declined to give 
undertaking which the magistrates made a condi- 
tion of accedance, and, no other solicitor forth- 
coming, Mr. Budge, who appeared in another oase, 
eventually volunteered.] 

His Lordship : When the magistrates dismissed 
these charges they dismissed them, I suppose, because 
they did not believe this man's statements. If this 
man made untrue statements then he should be pro- 
secuted. The magistrates themselves did not prose- 
cute, but very properly the Mayor said that if the 
solicitors would give an undertaking that the prisoner 
should be prosecuted they would order his notebook to 
be impounded. 

Henry Collis was next called. He said that what 
Williams swore about the superintendent's being at 
his house at 11.20 p.m. on July 28, in company with 
about 20 others was not true. Mr. Hunt lived 
at Parkstone and sometimes took his meals at his 
house, and also sometimes used it in the evening. 
Early in the evening of the day ill question he came 
to the house in company with, he believed, two ex- 
superintendents of police, one of whom was, he 
believed, a man of the name of Watkinsor Watkin- 
son, and they had drink and remained about a quarter 
of an hour. It was not true that Hunt returned at 
nine and stopped until 11.20 p.m. He came in at 
about 10 and left a few minutes before 11, when the 
house was closed. It was not true that he had 20 
glasses of gin. As far as he could remember he had a 
small lemon and a drop of whisky. Believed, now he 
came to think of it, that he had a 6mall lemon and 
beer first. • ; 

His Lordship : Shandy gaff. (Laughter.) 
Witness believed he had three glasses in all. Hunt 
did not come back that night. Was not true that 
three of his customers other than lodgers remained 
drinking till one. Bowyer slept at his house that 
ni<*ht What Williams said about his letting him out 
of °the door was false. Williams stayed in his house a 
fortnight. Came on a Monday and left on a Monday. 
Represented himself as a gentleman. Did not ask 
Williams as he had Btated to have a game of cards with 
him for money. Between seven and eight in the 
evening Williams had spoken to him in the smoking 
room, and said "Well, it's very dull here gov'nor, 
em'twehave a band at dominoes or cards ? " They 
had a game at cribbage, but it was false that they 
played for drinks or money. There were also present 
a builder of Poole and the owner of bis h ouse, 
who were talking of business matters and did not take 
part in the game, but sat in the same room. On 
August 1, again had a game of cribbage with 
Williams at his suggestion but did not play for 
drinks or monev. What Williams swore about that 
was false, also what he said about his wife's serving 
a woman with a jug of ale after closing time and 
giving him the 6d. His wife had sent across some 
hot water to Mrs. Young's for her child, which had 
convulsions. Mr. Young lived opposite, and belonged 
to the brewery. What he swore about three men 
coming to his honse on Sunday, August 3, was 
likewise false. He saw Smith but did not supply 
him with whisky or anything else. He called about 
a break for a pleasure party next day (Bank Holi- 
day) to the New Forest. Williams spent money at 
his house very freely, and the first night pressed some 
tradesmen very hard to drink with him. His house 
was frequented by tradesmen and he had trades- 
men's dinners there at which two ex-mayors had 
presided and the licence was granted without any 

Cross-examined : There were a good many people 
there it was true, on the night of July 28 
before 7 and 11 o'clock, especially towards. 11. 
The superintendent came in twice. 
Staved second time about an hour and ten 
minutes. Was no disturbance there that night, 
or anyttiing going which needed the interference of 
the police or the presence of the superintendent. 
Could not say whether he was in plain or service 
olothes. Believed he had on a loose blue jacket of a 
kind of pilot cloth. Did not know about the braid. 
Believed policeman's uniform was very much the same 
kind of stuff. He came in again on the 29th 
—next day -and had a chop or a steak. 

Could not exactly say how long he stayed- 
Might have been an hour or three-quarters 
while his chop was being cooked and he 
was eating it Had us c d his house ever 
sTnce witness bad been there. Did come in occa- 
sionaUy of an evening, and it was his habit to come 
in between 10 and 11 o'clock to smoke his pipe. 
Bowyer, who was the person spoken to by Williams 
as having been let out by bim during the night, 
cam? to his house at about four or five minutes past 
11 Had not at that time closed the door. Was 
standing on the doorstep. Gas was alight in the 
bar but not in the smoking-room Something was 
consumed between them before they went to bed. 
Williams stood a glass of spirits. Mrs Collis had 
gone to bed before that. They made a rule of having 
tupner after they closed the house. Parsons, 
the barmaid, went to bed at the same time as his 
wife House is in two stories. Ground is occupied 
by bar aud its appurtenances. His bedroom was the 
second on the right up the first flight of stairs. Were 
five or six other rooms on that floor. Williams slept 
on the floor above, but Bowyer in the next room to 
himself. Shewed them both to bed-Williams, in fact, 
had had quite enough to drink. On the next night 
Miss Parsons brought in drinks. He brought m some. 
May have said before-" Williams did not pay for all 
the drinks. I paid for some." . 

Mr. Mathews : That is what;youi are reported to 

"ir. Coilins : What are you reading ;from ? A re- 
port published by Mr. Norton 1 

Mr. Mathews : I am reading from shorthand notes 
(Guardian reports). 

His Lordship : You have no right to call 
them shorthand notes. You may read 
them, but I will not have this a fiold day 
adjourned from Poole. (Applause.) 

Mr Mathews ■ Thus far I have not mentioned the 
name of Mr. Norton. I have purposely abstained. 
If it has been mentioned, it has been mentioned by 
the other Bide. , , . , 

Witness, continuing : I did pay for some drinks. 
Any Englishman would do it. (Applause.) No 
Enrrlishman would let another keep on paying for 
drinWud pay for none himself. Williams paid for 
a good many. About the woman on August 2 
did not himself know anything about it. 
Could not say whether it was mere hearsay. On 
August 3 Williams came down about 11 ocloofc, 
had two drinks of whisky and went out. Could not 
say whether he was there when Smith came. Behind 
the bar were two rooms— the back parlour and the 
cnnmercial-room. Had to go through the back parlour 
to get to the commercial-room. Was a door leading 
from the bar into the back parlour, and a small slid- 
ing window between the back parlour and the com- 
mercial room. , . 

Re-examined : Shewed Bowyer to his room and also 
Williams. He had stood a good many drinks and 
had been stood a good many more, and in fact when 
he shewed him up to bed he had had quite enough to 

Superintendent Hunt was then called. He wore 
blaok kid gloves, the silver of his police cap was re- 
splendent, the last touches had been put upon his 
regimentals, his attitude was martial, and as he entered 
the box he brushed back tbe hair about his face. He 
was chief constable at Poole, and had been in the force 
there 28 years. Sometimes took his meals at the 
Crown, when he could not get home. Sergeant took 
charge at a quarter to nine, and he then sometimes 
went to the Crown to have a quiet pipe. Was there 
on July 28 in company with an ex-super- 
intendent of polioe, and another gentleman about 
quarter to seven. Had one glass each. Went 
back to Crown about a quarter to 10, and remained 
till just before 11. What Williams said about his 
being thereat 11.20 and having 20 lots of gin was not 
true. Saw Williams there. He pressed him very hard 
towards closing time to have a drink, but he replied 
that there was not time and refused. Watkins was 
the name of the superintendent of police, who was 
with him on the next night but one. Had been cross- 
examined on this matter before. Did not drink gm, 
but sometimes drank whisky. Had not been quite 
certain on the previous occasion as to what he drank. 
Did not think he said he might have said that 
he had one or two glasses of whisky in addition 
to the lemonade and beer. Was certain that he had 
not had two of whisky. Was not at the Crown 14 
nights in succession. Was not up and about the first 
day thesummjnses were brooght up. Was ill Did 
not send a message to Mr. Allen by his wife or any- 
body else with a request that those against him be 
withdrawn. Saw Mr. Allen, but did not say to him^ 
"Unless the summonses are withdrawn I shall die," 
or anything to that effect, but something of the kind 
was said. Was very ill at the time. 

Re-examined: Was very ill and very much annoyed 
indeed that these summonses had been taken out 
against him. All eight were withdrawn. Were about 
for^ summonses in the town, and a great many of 
them were withdrawn. 

Charles Bowyer, baker, repeated his evidence about 
sleeping in the house in contradiction to Williams. 
By his Lordship : Mr. Hunt was not there when I 

April 20, 1885. 



Cross -examined : He never slept there before or since. 
Lived in Lagland-st refit wi h his mother. Carried on 
his business about 50 yards off. Saw Mrs. Mollis when 
he went to the Crown and paid her. Slept on the first 
floor above the ground. Went to bed about one. Did 
not know wher? C>UU slept. It was not the second 
floor on whi^h he slf-pt. Did say at Poole before 
the magistrates that he thought Williams slept next 
to him, Did not start baking at three, four, five, or 
six in the morning. Had no morning delivery. Did 
not bake bread but gingerbread that day. Generally 
made the bread about a quarter past seven. 

William Henry Gray, builder, said that he wa3 at 
the on business and he talked to Andrews on 
business matters. Saw the landlord and Williams 
play cribbage, but they did not play for drinks or 
money. Nothing was said about it. Was also sum- 
moned for being present, but the summons was dis- 

OfMS- examined : I said before that I was paying 
attention to my business and not to the cards. That 
is a fact. Drink was brought into the room and con- 
sumed. Mr. Andrews paid for one drink. Witness 
pail for one drink round. Williams paid for some 
drink, but did not see him pay for four or five drinks 
while rhe games were proceeding. 

Re-examined : Prisoner asked him to play cards. 
He refused. 

James Andrews, brewer, Marnhull Brewery, said 
that he was at the Crown. Williams asked him to 
join in a four-handed game at cards, but he refused, 
and he \dayed with the landlord without him. They 
did not play for drinks or money. 

Cross-examined : The house belongs to me. 
The licence was in jeopardy or at least, it 
was not in jeopardy— it was threatened. I 
was called in in consequence of an alleged offence 
against ir, and I gave the same story then. I sub- 
scribed to the defence of the landlord. I 
also subscribed to this prosecution, or 
at least to the Licensed Victuallers' 
Association. Collis called for cigars. Wit- 
ness paid for the drinks round. Williams 
for the next. That was all that was con- 
sumed. Andrews and witness were discussing their 
own business while the cards were going on, and 
witness did not pay any great attention to the game. 
Certainly had an interest in the houee 
which would be affected if the licence were 

Margaret Collis, landlady of the Crown Inn, said 
that it was not true that on the August 2 she 
supplied a woman with a jug of ale and. took 6d. for it 
at five minutes past 11, nor that her husband told her 
to serve her. 

Cross-examine 1 : Never saw a woman there. Mr. 
Young:, the f-tther of the child who was ill, came to 
the door, but did not come in. ITa 1 then just com- 
menced cleaning the glasses. The bowl containing 
the money was not on the counter but under during 
the day, but at night they took it into the back par- 
lour where they counted up the I akings. At the time 
Young came her husband and Williams were seated 
in the commercial room. There was a window be- 
tween. Did not put any money into the bowl. Had 
no money to take. That night she counted out the 
money as usual. It was after supper. That took 
about half an hour or three-quarters. Was up that 
night a very considerable time in consequence of Mr. 
Young's child being ill. 

Re-examined : Mr. Young has met with a railway 
accident and hurt his leg. 

Sidney Smith, horse dealer, denied the statement 
made by Williams as to his being supplied with drink 
on Sunday morning. 

Cross-examined : I was there, and I was there 
twice. The first time was between 11 and 12.31). 
Saw Mr. Collis when he first got there, and spoke to 
him and then left, and shortly afterwards returned. 
Did not see Williams or auyone else beside himself, 
and Mr. Collis went in by back gate. Remained 
about three or four minutes, or it might be five or 

This was all the evidence for the prosecution, and 
the court then adjourned, Mr. Mathews making an 
earnest appeal to the jury not to make up their 
minds upon it, having heard but one side of the case. 
On the resumption of business after dinner, Mr. 
Mathews pointed out that in two of the assignments 
— those referring to alleged offences on July 31 
and August 2, the landlord was the only wit- 
ness for the prosecution, and the case so far as it 
related to them must fail, as the law paid that one 
man's oath was as good as another's, and iu a case of 
perjury it was necessary that the original statement 
should have been made on oath in a court of justice 
and upon a point material to the question then at 
issue, and to disprove the truth of it by two credible 
witnesses at least, but here the absence of Collis was 
absolutely uncorroborated. 

His Lordship said that was so and the two assign- 
ments must be withdrawn from the consideration of 
the jury. 

Mr. Mathews, continuing, said that other assign- 
meats rested upon the evidence of no other persons 
but Collis and his wife. The spirit of the law was to 
regard man and wife as one and indivisible. 

H13 Lordship : The spirit of modern law is to make 
them separate. (Laughter.) 
Mr. Mathews : If your lordship rules so. 
His Lordship : I do not rule at all. It is the law. 
There is nothing for me in the matter. Mrs. Collis 
must certainly be a different person from Mr. Collis — 
(laughter)— and have separate testimony. 

Mr. Collins then summed up his case. It was true, 
he said, that two of the assignments had been with- 
drawn, they being oases of oath against oath, but it 
was not so with ail. In the first case the statement 
of Collis was borne out by the statement of Supt. 
Hunt, a man of unexceptionable character, a man 
who. as he had himself told them with pardonable 
pride, had been 28 years in the service at Poole, a 
man against whom, it was true, eight summonses had 
been issued, but those summonses never came into 
court. The Crown was a respectable hotel, and wh< 
would say there was any wrong in the superintendent*! 
using that house, as he occasionally did, for a meal 
when he could not go home? Williams had sworn 
that there were 20 or 30 people there drinking and 
sinking, and that the house wa^ kept open till 
11.20 p.m.; but these statements were ex- 
pressly denied by both Collis and Hunt, 
and if they believed them then Williams was guilty 
of perjury, and he must remind them that if on any 
assignment they found that to be the case, then they 
must bring in that verdict. With regard to the next 
occasion Bowyer, Hunt, and Collis all contradicted the 
vi dence of Williams in expresB terms about the 20 or 
30 people who were drinking and sinking. With re- 
gard to the alleged offences of gaming, he need not 
say that there would be no offence where a landlord 
or his customers played for " love," but it was as much 
an offence if they played for drinks as if they had 
played for money. When the alleged gaming took 
place not only was there present a respectable and 
independent witness in the person of Mr. Gray, 
the builder, but there was also the landlord, and 
if he had seen anything like gaming going on, or 
if he had been asked to join in a game for drinks 
or money, would he not at once have seen that the 
valuable licence was in danger, and set his face 
against it and stopped it ? Williams must be a most 
unfortunate man if he were speaking the truth and 
Andrews and Gray were both speaking falsely, whether 
intentionally or not. True they said they were 
engaged about their own business and did not pay a 
great deal of attention to the game, but if it were for 
drinks or money he submitted they must have known 
it. With regard to what really took place on the night 
when she was alleged to have supplied a woman with 
a jug of ale, Mrs. Collis gave a very clear and intel- 
ligible statement. The statement could have been no 
mistake on Williams' part. Ale was aBked for, and 
ale was served, after her husband had given her leave 
to serve it, and ale was paid for with the (id. 
Williams appeared to have been most assiduous 
and regular from July 28 to August 3 in find- 
ing out all sorts of breaches of the licensing laws 
and on the Sunday he said he saw Smith there. Smitr. 
said he did not see him— but he might have been spy 
ing round a corner. He had only to leave the case ir 
the hands of the jury. 

Mr. Mathews then rose for his address. There was 
it was said, a singular combination of circumstances 
against the prisoner. It was said that the facts were 
so simple, the evidence so clear, so overwhelming, so 
conclusive, that there could be no two opinions about 
his guilt ; but why, if the evidence was so clear, the 
facts bo conclusive, did it require the Licensed 
Victuallers' Association to prosecute, and why again, 
if the facts were so simple, theevidenceso clear.should 
the Licensed Yictnallers require to conduct their pro- 
secution a leader of the Western Circuit to come and 
impress those facts upon them, he did not know. But 
were the Tacts so transparent, so clear, so pellucid, so 
all-on-one-side, as his learned friend would wish them 
to believe ? Was there no discrepancy, no uncertainty, 
no variation, at this tim«, from statements which had 
previously been made by the same witnesses on oath, 
before another tribunal 1' Then, if the evidence were 
fo, why, as he urged, and he urged it with all respon- 
sibility, why, if the truth were so obvious, was it 
needful for a man of the celebrity and power of his 
learned friend to come and drive them home ? But. 
he had come, and he had stated his case. Now what 
was it, what did it amount to ? He was going to be so 
bold as to assume that the prisoner standing at that 
bar did not occupy the ordinary position of a prisoner 
who was charged with crime. For the most part he 
was well aware that the sympathy and protection 
of a jury were, in ordinary circumstances, ex- 
tended to persons placed in the position of the 
prisoner at the bar ; but his learned friend had 
pointed out that the present prisoner at the bar was 
a private inquiry agent. He bad pointed out to 
them that in the pursuit of his avocation he had 
been supplying drinks to persons on licensed 
premises where he had gone in Bearch of infor- 
mation, and the object of those remarks, there 
could be no disguising the fact, the object of those 
remarks was to withdraw from the prisoner at the 
bar the sympathy and protection ordinarily afforded 
by a British jury, and to inflame the passions against 
him, and because, forsooth 1 he belonged to a calling 
that was unpopular, therefore, was it hoped the case 

would not be dealt with justly by those who were 
sworn to try it? But. in exposing an object like 
that, he would not impute to them the weakness of 
being capable of influenoe by such considerations. 
The prisoner was charged with an offence, a crime, a 
crime of a serious nature, and before they condemned 
him, they would require at tho hands of his accusers; 
6trict and conclusive proof, proof which would en- 
tirely discredit the statements which he had made, 
and would establish them to have been wilfully and 
corruptly false. Bat had such proof been forthcom- 
ing I It was true that iu their determination that he, 
the prisoner, the man who had been employed against 
them should not escape, they had prepared an indiot- 
ment ; but was the weight of the evidence to be 
measured by a length of a skin of parchment which 
would reach, if spread out, from one end of the cable 
to the other l There had been six cnse-i, but 
there were now but four ; where were the other two '? 
They had been withdrawn, and withdrawn because 
they merely pitted the oath of one man against the 
oath of another, which was hostile at ouce to the 
spirit of the law and to all right notions of justice". 
Four remained for their coniideration. What was the 
first assignment? It referred to the charge of 
harbouring a constable. The lfith Section of the 
Licensing "Act, 1S72, clearly defined the offence of 
harbouring on the pars of a licensed person as his 
suffering any constable to be or remain upon hie 
premises during any part of the time that he was 
appointed to be on duty, unless for the purpose of 
keeping or restoring order, or otherwise in the execu- 
tion of his duty ; supplying drink or refreshment, 
whether it be by way of gift or sale, unless by the 
authority of a superior officer of the constable. That 
was the offence as the Act of Parliament defined it, 
and the prosecution made capital out of the fact that 
the prisoner was versed in licensing law, but that 
offence was all that he went into the box to prove, 
and by the admission both of Collis the landlord and 
Hunt the aupertntendent himself that offence was 
committed; the offence was complete, anything else 
which Williams might say, whether trne or false, 
was not material to the point at issue, and could not 
be a ground of perjury. But what was the fact about 
keeping open after 11, be it five minntes or be it 
20 ? It was sworn to by the proseoution in their 
own case that at any rate some minutes after 11 
Bowyer came to the house for a bed, that the land- 
lord was standing at the doorway, which had not 
baen shut, and that all the lights were burning except 
in one room. These were the facts of the case as 
stated by the prosecution, and looking at the other 
fact of immateriality, how could they condemn ? 
Now about Hunt. Of course he would not aay a 
word against Hunt, especially as he might not be 
there ; but they must remember that it was not the 
first occasion on which Hunt had given his evidence, 
and he was necessarily on the defensive. But he did 
not deny being on the premises and on the premises 
during hours of duty, and he did not deny having had 
something to drink. But he denied the quantity and 
he denied the quality; but neither the quantity nor 
the quality affected the evidence in the slightest, and 
therefore was immaterial to the point at issue and 
could not be a ground of perjury. But farther than 
this he had himself varied his statements as to what 
he drank. He had said that the superintendent was 
necessarily on the defensive. What the superin- 
tendent did "upon occasion," what he did "some- 
times," and what his "rule " and his " habit " were 
with regard to the house they had heard, and he 
must ask them did they approve— they had to deal 
with the question— did they approve, as respectable 
citizens, of conduct like that in the superintendent 
of the police force of a borough ? Did they ? He put 
it to them. Then, when the charges were made he 
hoped they would be withdrawn, or it would kill him. 
Why ? If the charges are false, what would make 
him more glad than to have the opportunity of 
coming into court and disproving them ? Of coming 
into court and shewing how falsa they were and of 
retaining with honour the office in the force in which 
he has served, as they have heard, for 2S years. But 
that is not his attitude at all. He prefers to stay in 
the force with the moral weight of the charges 
still hanging over his head. He wants them with- 
drawn. They must be withdrawn, or it will 
kill him. Why did he wish them with- 
drawn 1 Could there be two opinions i Then 
taking into account his admitted habits and the 
immateriality of the evidence on the two little points 
he had mentioned, again he asked could they con- 
'smn? Hunt was called as no ordinary witness, 
e was called to support a statement which he made 
hen his own reputation, and perhaps his means of 
ving were at stake. There had been great feeling 
against Mr. Norton, the employer, and now it was 
sought to utilise that feeling against the employe. 
But he fearlessly believed they would resist such a 
shifc upon justice. It was said that Bowyer slept 
away from his home in Lagland-street. He had 
pointed out that Hunt was on the defensive when he 
gave his evidence; it was needless to point out that 
Collis was also on the defensive when he gave his ; but 
Bowyer, too, was on the defensive. He was summoned. 
He was accused. He must give some story in explana- 
tion, and he asked them as knowing the ways of 
bakers and the ways of the world whether it was 



Aprii, 20, 1885. 

likely, as Bowyer had said, that he did Bleep there at 
all that night, and whether it was likely tlwt he did 
not leave the house until— not between three and 
four—but between Bix and seven ; and they 
had in addition the very remarkable circum- 
stance that Bowyer did not know where he slept, 
though Williams slept next to him, but upon another 
occasion after evidence to the contrary had been 
given, discovered that he might have made a mistake. 
When they came to the card transactions before the 
game, Andrews stood drinks, Gray stood drinks, and 
before the game commenced, Collis stood cigars, but 
during the game it was admitted that Williams stood 
drinks. That was completely in accordance with 
the statement that they played and played for drinks 
and that he was the loser. It was all very well for 
Mr. Andrews, the owner of the house, when his licence 
was in jeopardy to say that he heard them say nothing 
about playing for drinks, and if they had he should 
have known it, but Williams distinctly swore that they 
did play for drinks, the evidence was in favour of the 
presumption that he was speaking the truth, and both 
Gray and Andrews admitted they were deep in their 
own business, and did not, attend muoh to 
the game. He did not suggest that Mr. Andrews 
had stated what was untrue when he said he heard 
nothing about playing for drinks, but there 
was every reason why he should not have heard it. 
He was the owner of the house, and if such a thing 
were proved against it its value as a licensed property 
was gone, and lie might not have hoard it even if it 
had been Baid. With regard to August 2, and 
the story about the sick child, Who would have 
been the man to prove is ? Mr. Young, the man who 
■was alleged to have come for the hot water. But 
there might be a reason for not calling him. Cer- 
tainly it was now Baid that he had met with an 
■ooident, but he had not met with that accident when 
the cases came on at Poole, and why was not he, 
whose evidence was so important, whose evidence as 
a disinterested person would carry so much weight — 
why was he not called ? He was connected with a 
brewery, his own interests were those of the licensed 
victuallers ; yet with all these palpable facts he was 
not called ; and he did not volunteer. But what was 
the least they would expect of a prosecutor ? The very 
least that was due from him that he proved his case, 
proved it on its merits without an appeal to 
feeling against the calling of the employer of the 
accused, proved it in a way that was satisfactory to 
them, and left no room for doubt. Such, he asserted, 
and he asserted with all responsibility, he had ut- 
terly failed to do. He had pointed out many discre- 
pancies ; he would point outothers. It was now stated 
that Mr. Smith came to the house on that Sunday 
morning but once. It was now Btated twice. I 
now stated that he came about a break, but if he 
about a break the first time, what did he come about 
the second I And was it likely that he would come 
and go away without endeavouring to s 
had come to see ? Mr. Williams stated that he went 
into the bar, and he presumably went into the bar for 
the ordinary purposes for which a man does go in 
B bar— namely, to be served with liquor. With thoi . 
observations the case mnst be left to their independent 
judgment, to their judgment and their common-s 
There were people, respectable men it might be. 
would see no harm in entering in a most skilful 
manner upon a prosecution into which a spirit of 
vindictiveness was introduced. He did not ask 
them to enrol the gentlemen he saw before him in 
that category, but he asked them to seek the reason, 
the motive, which inspired the prosecution and their 
witnesses to the accusation of the crime. From the 
nature of the unhappy man's position it was an accu- 
sation which it was easy to make and difficult to repel. 
But he aBked them whether, having heard the worst 
that the prosecution could bring against him, they 
were satisfied that he had sworn falsely, knowingly, 
wilfully, deliberately, and corruptedly ; for if any 
doubt existed in their minds, as doubt there must be, 
to him they must give the benefit. 

There was here an outburst of applause, which was, 
of course, suppressed. It was evident that an imores- 
fiion had been made upon the jury in favour of the 
prisoner, a gleam of hope lighted np the prisoner's 
wan face, and had the case been left here he would 
probably within a few minutes once more have 
breathed the free air of Heaven. But it was not to 
be. His lordship summed up dead against 
him, his counsel, his calling, and the man 
"who employed him. Not a single word, 
not a single point, construed in his favour 
The ray of hope which an instant ago had lighted up 
the face of the prisoner at the bur gave way to a 
settled gloom which stole upon it, and as it stole was 
crystallised. Some of his lordship's remarks were in- 
audible at the reporters' seats, but there could be no 
doubt about their general tendency. 

His Lordship began by saying that Mr. 
Mathews had pursued a most injudicious 
course, He had introduced a great vantty of topics 
which were foreign to the issue. He had told them 
that the prosecution was undertaken by the Licensed 
Victuallers' Association, and he had asked them to 
believe that_they_were prompted by a spirit of 

agent was employed against them and he Bwore 
falsely, were they to be olassed in the category of 
vindictiveness ? Was it not rather right that the man 
should be tried for his offenoe, and would not they, a 
respectable body of gentlemen, as honest men — was 
not it their duty to see that he was brough; to justice? 
An observation had been made and pro- 
perly made that prisoner was a private 
inquiry agent, that was a person employed to 
ferret out the Beorets of families and get influence 
hich was not of the usual channel. In fact. 

vice to be sacrificed ?"— (applause)- and he might 
oast over in his mind some such thoughts as these. 
" Here are these charges, and I am unable to answer 
them I It crushes me, ill as I am it would be 
the death of me " — such might reasonably be 
his reflections in the agony of a false charge that 
was brought against him. Was he therefore a 
perjured felon ? Was Mr. Collis a perjured felon ? 
Was Mr. Bowyer a perjured felon ? Or Mr. Sidney 
Smith? Mr. Mathews had given them an elaborate 
ption of the topography of the place, but was 

he was what was called an informer, a Bowyer, because he at first was under a 
very degraded position, as he thought, false impression as to where Williams 

At the same time it was not necessary for them to fi: 
minds upon that oircumstance in the trial of that 
case. Another topio had been that there was some 
arrangement whereby the prosecution was to take 
place. If the magistrates before the cases were heard 
were cognisant of the fact that perjury had been com- 
'tted, they ought always to let it be sent before a 
jury. There were repeated instances of that, and it 
seemed to him that the magistrates did what was 
perfectly right in getting an undertaking whether 
from Mr. Budge or any other responsible person that 
such a prosecution should take place. After pointing 
out the law on the subject as to materiality to 
the point at issue and so on which had already been 
fully brought out during the hearing of the oase, his 
Lordship Baid that there were four assignments for the 
consideration of the jury, and if they found him guilty 
on any one, the verdict of guilty was the one they re- 
turned. As he had said, the conduct of Mr. 
Mathews had been exceedingly injudi- 
cious. In endeavouring to shield the 
prisoner he wished to represent to them 
that the four respectable gentlemen who 
had entered the witness box against him 
had all committed perjury themselves, th»t 
Mr. Collis, the landlord, was a perjured man, that Mr. 
Hunt, the superintendent of police, was a perjured man, 
that Mr.Bowyerwasa perjured man, and that Mr.Smith 
was a perjured man. He did not say that there might 
be a mistake or anything of that kind, but he Baid 
that Williams spoke the truth, and Collis, Hunt, 
Bowyer, and Smith, all spoke what was false. It 
seemed |that there was a person of the name of Norton, 
living at Poole, who— it might be from conscientious 
motives, for he found that a great many men acting 
conscientiously acted very injudioiously — determined 
run a-muok agaiDst the licensed victuallers of his 
town. But that did not affect the question. But 
person brought down from London an informer, 
as he was described, to go in and out among hiB fellow 
citizens and to watch the houses of the licensed 
tuallers for the purpose of exposing them to the loss 
of their licences. This gentleman, Mr. Norton.brought 
down this person at considerable expense 
plied him with money — he might be know 
spectable gentleman — but he employed this agent to 
spend money amongst his fellow citizens and entrap 
them into breaches of the law, and he could not 
help expressing strongly his detestation of such 
course as that which this " respeotable " person ea' 
fit to pursue. (Applause in the gallery.) This M 
Norton said in effeot to the agent he employed : "You 
come down to Poole. You are a stranger in the 
town. You are not known. Represent yourself to 
be a gentleman, treat, and spend money freely, find 
out all you can, then come before the magistrates 
at Poole, and swear to it, and my object 
will be gained." (Renewed applause.) He came 
from London, he went to Mr. Collis, chose 
the house by chance as he said, was lavish 
in his desire to spend money, especially towards 
closing time.'and found out or said be found out a 
great many breaches of the laws. He was then obliged 
to go into the witness box and swear to them, and out 
of it this trial arose. There could be no room for 
mistake, no question of mistake at all, either it was 
perjury or nothiug. For the purpose of his degraded 
calling he was supplied with money, £3 15b. from 
Butcher and £2 from Sergeant— he did not know 
who he might be. He came into the town to expose 
people to temptation, but the moral wickednes's of 
the temptation recoiled npon the person who employed 
it. (Applause which was not immediately suppressed.) 
The first allegation with which they had to deal was 
that of harbouring a constable. If that were proved 
very serious matter for the landlord, who waB 
liable to be visited with loss of his licence. The con- 
stable who was charged with being harboured was 
the High Constableof Poole. He was a most respect- 
able person. Nothing could be urged against him 
but what was urged on the testimony of this informer. 
He had been 28 years in the force. He was asked an 
extraordinary question about his wishing the sum- 
monses withdrawn, and the counsel for the defence 
had tried to construe what passed then when the 
perintendent was lying on his bed of sickness into 
i admission of the truth of the informer's allega- 
tions. Mr.Hnnt was very ill, he naturally felt keenly 
putations cast upon him by some person 
supposed to be respectable— he did not know what 
they called him — and he might naturally think to 
1 Here are the charges on the information 
of this informer brought down for the expresa purpose 
f making them; what if I should be unable to d" 

tiveness. The Licensed Victuallers had im- prove them ? What if I should be unable to answer 
portant interests to conserve, but if an I them— false though they be ? Are all my years' Ber- 

slept— and it was no part of his business 
to know where it was —therefore to be 
branded as a felon ? The suggestion waa 
ludicrous. As he had said before there 
could have been no mistake • they could 
not have had more substantial statements 
than those which Williams made whether 
about the 2U people drinking and singing, the 
letting of Bowyer out of the door, or the woman 
coming with the jag being served with the ale and 
paying 6d. for it, which was put into the bowl. 

Tbe jury, without half-a-minute's consultation, 
found the prisoner guilty on the four counts against 

The Judge, addressing him, said : You have been 
convicted of a most serious offence, and there can be 
no more serious offence than that of a man who 
tampers with the fountains of justice and who for 
money perjures himself in support of a false charge. 
Yours is a most degrading position— an in- 
former hired and brought down, but what 
one must expect from people of your char- 
acter is that if you do trade in this miser- 
able calling you should keep within tbe bounds 
of the law. And within my recollection it is a new 
I can well recollect when there was no such 
a private inquiry office. It may sometimes 
advance the ends of justice, and sometimes the secrets 
of families may be found out by persons in 
your position ; but if a man does take to such 
calling he must take care and keep within 
the strict bounds of the law, and not, for miserable 
pelf, state on his oath that which is untrue. I do 
not envy the reflections of those personB who em- 
ployed you to come down to endeavour to ferret out 
some mieconduct on the part of persons who carry on 
a respectable calling. I hope that those who em- 
ployed you expected that you would act faithfully, 
honestly, and truthfully. I hope that is so, but the 
moral culpability of having employed you and brought 
you down must fall upon them. You recklessly 
made charges in every directio n, and amongst 
others, three charges, each one of which is, to my 
satisfaction, entirely and clearly proved to 
be untrue. And bo the jury have found to-nay. 
I am not a person who generally likes 
to indulge in or to pass severe sentences, but 
I cannot shrink from the duty which I owe to 
society. When I find a man like you 
in the calling which you follow committing 
wilful and corrupt perjury, I cannot shrink 
from my duty to make an example of you. 
The sentence upon you is that you be kept in penal 
servitude for seven years. 

The sentence was received with the silence of sur- 
prise from all parts of the court. There was a faint 
murmur of satisfaction among two or three of the 
friends of the prosecution, but that was all. The 
prisoner, used all his life to discipline, received the 
sentence in silence, not a word, a breath, escaped his 
lips, and at the bidding of the warder he turned to 
go below. 


In the House of Commons on March 24, Mr. W. 
Fowler, M.P., asked the Home Secretary whether his 
attention had been called to the sentence passed on 
Henry Williams, at Winchester, in November 
last : whether he had received a memorial from 
Poole, signed by several magistrates and others, pro- 
testing against the conviction and sentence ; and 
whether he would order an inquiry iuto the case. 

Sir W. Harcourt replied : I have gone into the 
case more than once, and have come to the conclusion 
that there is no reason to interfere." 

On March 30, Mr. T. P. O'Connor put the following 
questions to the Home Secretary : — 

Whether the evidence on which Deteotive Henry 
Williams (in the Poole perjury case) was convicted 
of wilful and corrupt perjury at the Winchester 
Assizes, and sentenced to seven years' penal servitude 
was exclusively that of persons pecuniarily or 
criminally implicated by Williams' evidence ; 

hether the Baid perjury as alleged to be 
proved by suoh evidence was anything more 
than a discrepancy between the statements of 
Williams and those of the prosecuting witnesses as 
to the length of time Bpent in a poblic-house by a 
police superintendent, and as to the quantity of drink 
the Baid superintendent consumed ; whether, having 
examined the report of the case, the Home Secretary 
is able to state that for such a crime, even if con- 
clusively proved, a heavier sentence than three months' 

Akul 20, 1885. 



imprlKmment had ever been passed : and whether. 
having declined to interfere with the sentence, the 
Home Secretary is willipgto layon the tabV of the 
Honsethp docnments nron which he based his decision. 
Sir W. Haroenrt. replied: I have carefully examined. 
in conpnltnHon with the judge, the evidence on which 
Detective Henry "Williams wa=> convicted of wilfnl 
and corrupt perjury at the Winchester Assizes, and 
sentenced to epven years' penal servitnde. and I fonnd 
no pround for interfering: with the verdict of the jury, 
and do not see my way to lay the papers on the table. 

(Letters to the Editor of the WATCHWORD.) 
Bear Sir. — Allow me through yonr columns to 
suggest to the members of cur Order how they can 
serve the cause of justice and rieht in this matter. 
Let evpry member do as I am doing-, write letters to 
every M.P. with whom be is acquainted, but more 
especially the M.P. representing- the county or borough 
in which he resides ; and above all inundate the 
Home Secretary iv'tli letters. If we intend to succeed 
" we must make our c elves beard." — Yours fraternallv. 
George P. Ivet, P.G.W.T., Homeleigh, Lee, S.E. 
April 11, 1885. 

Dear Sir and Bro.. — The double number of the 
Watchword con'aining not onlv a full report of 
Grand Lodge Session but also a full report of the trial 
of what is now so well known among oe as the PooIp 
Perjury Case, should be extensively circulated, and I 
wonld suggest that our members put a copy of the 
Watchword into the hands of the editors of local 
newspapers with a request that they call their readers' 
attention to the matter. By such an effort I think most 
editors would publish extracts from the trial and 
thus spread information among many who may not 
get it to hear about the case. I have sent you Is. and 
the addresses of six newspapers in this localty. I hope 
members everywhere will leave no effort, untried to 
help get an inquiry and the release of Williams. — G. 
H. Graham, D.C.T. Mid Kent, Maidstone. 





I am convinced that justice was not done to Henry 

Baron Huddleston, who tried the case, allowed 
evidence to be given which I conceive was not admis- 
sible, namely, that of Charles Bowyer. Although his 
evidence did not relate to either of the counts in the 
indictment, the Clerk of Indictments having omitted 
any count on this head (for the obvious reason that 
no statements made by Williams respeoting 
Bowyer could be material to any case decided 
by the magistrates). Not wits tan ding this the judge 
received the evidence and laid great stress upon it. 

Baron Huddleston wrongly refused, I conceive, 
to reoeive evidence, namely, he would not 
permit the magistrates* clerk to be cross-examined 
as to whether a certain summons was withdrawn 
before the magistrates on the ground that the 
correctness of the magistrates' notes could not 
be called in question. As a matter of fact the summons 
was withdrawn, and the shorthand reports are clear 
that the case was withdrawn. Had this evidence been 
received the whole four assignments of the first connt 
of the indictment must have failed. Even if this ruling 
is sound law Williams is not in prison because he 
committed perjury, but because the magistrates made 
a mistake in their list of cases. 

Baron Huddleston also wrongly refused to allow 
the witnesses to be cross-examined as to riots at 
Poole, which rendered ib impossible for Wil- 
liams to obtain evidence on his behalf. — 
I was present at Poole on the occasion of each 
riot, and, as a matter of fact, a body of 20 
policemen was barely sufficient to protect Williams 
and under these circumstances it was impossible for 
Williams to go about Poole and identify the witnesses 
he could have called to corroborate his statements. The 
witnesses could not be obtained in any other way 
as Williams only knew the persons by sight 
and did not know their names. With a 
refinement of cruelty the judge, after refusing 
to receive this evidence which would have shewn 
why Williams could not call witnesses, commented 
strongly on the fact that Williams did not call any 
witnessesas a triumphant proof of his guilt. 

It was perfectly useless for Williams' counsel to 
try to explain or argue any point with the judge. The 
judge would not hear him. This browbeating pre- 
vented Williams' counsel from producing his good 
character in mitigation of sentence. 

The judge also wrongly refused to allow the wit- 
ness Allen to be cross-examiDed as to a message 
which the superintendent of police had sent by Allen 
to Norton, to the effect that unless the charges were 
withdrawn, he should die, and which was tantamount 
to an admission by the superintendent that the 
charges against him were true, and that Williams' 

evidence was true. It intent be shewn that so anxious 
was tht superintendent that Mr. Allen was called out 
of his bed to come and Bee Norton and get him to with- 
draw. The message sent through Allen by the 
Superintendent was that if Norton did not withdraw 
the charges againgt him at once he should be a dead 
man before night 

In his charge to the jury the judge said those 
things he ought not to have said, a.c, turned himself 
into a witness and went out of his way to introduce 
his strong feeiirgs against Mr. Norton and his pro- 
ceedings, he stated that Norton had brought down 
Williams as an informer, whereas there was 
nothing in evidence as to Norton at all. 
The judge also said that Norton employed Williams to 
entrap people into breaking the law, whereas this 
was not in evidence and wa3 not true. The judge 
appears to have invented a conversation between 
Norton and Williams which never took place. 
The judge also explained away Superintendent 
Hunt's damning admission as of no weight. The 
judge also explained away Bowyer's damning ignor 
ance of what rooms he and Williams respectively 
slept in. To crown all the judge, with all his 
judicial authority, testified to the degraded calling of 
Williams and to the high respectability of the 
witnesses for the prosecution. If Williams were to 
be branded as a degrade informer and his accusers 
portrayed as most respectable persons who could 
not possibly take, a false oath, the jury were bound to 
condemn Williams on the judge's evidence. 

The judge left unsaid the things he ought 
to have said. He omitted to point out to 
the j ury that the witnesses for the prose- 
cution had given their evidence on three 
different occasions, and had had ample opportunity 
on this last occasion to make their story more con- 
sistent than it was at first. He failed to point out 
to the jury that all the witnesses for the prose- 
cution were interested parties. He failed to 
point out to the jury the impossibility of 
Williams calling witnesses to corroborate his 
statements. He failed to point out to the jury 
the great importance of errors in surrounding circum- 
stances in testing the troth of such evidence as that of 
witnesses for the prosecution. He failed to point out 
to the jury that there were 20 disinterested persons 
whom the prosecution might have called, bub did not. 
He failed to draw attention to the convenient forget- 
f ulness of one of thu principal witnesses when asked 
if he had not in the court before the magistrates 
spoken to the very woman who was supplied with ale 
after hours. Bowyer Bwore at Poole that he baked 
and delivered bread that morning, but at Winchester 
he Bwore (when hard pressed as to time necessary to 
make and bake bread), that it was gingerbread he made 
and delivered. 

I am convinced that Williams spoke the truth 
on all the matters on which he was accused of perjury. 

At first I was dubious of Williams' accuracy, his 
story seemed improbable, but as the cases proceeded the 
more his evidence was Bifted the more its truth was 
apparent, and on the last occasion so many of the 
magistrates were convinced of his innocence, that he 
was only committed for trial by a majority of two — 
viz, seven against five, and one of the majority of 
seven has stated that he believes Williams to be in- 


On Wednesday evening, April 8, a meeting was 
held in the Amity Hal], Poole, for the purpose of wit- 
nesting the presentation to Alderman Norton of a 

public testimonial in recognition of his aotion in what 
ie known as the Poole Licensing prosecutions. 

The chair was taken by Mr. J. Farley Rotter, of 
Mere, the President for the year of the Dorset and 
Southern Counties Temperance Association, and ha 
was supported by Mr. Harrison Penney (Darlington), 
Rev. J. Waterman. (Corfe Hills). Rev. R. Walker, 
(Poole).Rev. George Brooks,Mr.J.H.LileandMr.Mount- 
ford (the deputation from the London Committee), 
Mr. J. Donkin (hon. sec). Rev. R. Caiman (treasurer), 
Mr. D.Ballam (Lytchett).Mr.Hawkes (Bournemouth), 
Mr. Swinnerton Dyer (Bournemouth). Mr. Reynish 
(Poole), Mr. G. Bevan (Bournemouth), Mr, Hillier 
(Bournemouth), Captain Bustard (Poole), Mr. Hawes 
(Poole), Mr. Johnson (her Majesty's Customs), Mr. S. 
L. Baker (Poole), Mr. Thomas Gillard (Poole), Mr. 
Wills (Westbourne), and Rev. William Stacey (Liver- 

Long before the time for opening' the proceedings 
the hall was filled, and at half-past seven every part 
of it was crowded, the great majority of those present 
being men of the working classes. The whole bodyof 
the hall was filled with chairs, no aisle being left 
up the centre of the room as usual, and only two 
narrow passages at either side ; but notwithstanding 
this great numbers were unable to obtain seat? and 
ranged themselves down the passages, and stood in 
tier above tier at the back. Admission was announced 
to be by ticket only, in view of the great demand and 
to give a preference to those who went with orderly in- 
tentions, rumours having been industriously circulated 
that an organised disturbance by roughs would take 
place. This dil not, however, prevent the attend- 
ance of a great many ladies ; and it is due to Sopt. 
Hunt to say that the police turned up in strong 
force. The meeting was in the widest Bense a publio 
one, so far as we believe, not a single applicant hav- 
ing been refused a tioket, nor a single person who 
even presented himself without this pass refused 
admittance. As proving the character of the meeting, 
the resolutions were carried without a single dissen- 
tient, and a reference to Henry Williams and a deter- 
mination that rest should not come till he was free 
was received with a storm of cheers, perfectly deafen- 
ing at the time, and renewed again aD-1 again, till the 
hall rang again with the echoes. This was all the 
more striking as testifying to the intense conviction 
in Henry Williams' innocence and the gross miscar- 
riage of justice which consigned him to penal servi- 
tude, and among those who joined in this spontaneous 
outburst of the men of Poole, there must have ben 
hundreds who, for reasons we pointed out at the 
time, refrained from signing the petition. 

The hall was brilliantly lit and presented a bright 
aspect. The working men of Poole who oame in 
such force to recognise the efforts made for the im- 
provement of their position and the removal of sources 
of injury and temptation to them came apparently in 
their best, and many wore flowerB at the button-hole, 
and many brought their wives, who could perhaps in 
many cases appreciate what has been done and what 
begun as well as or better than the men themselves 

Behind, and to right and left of the speakers on the 
platform, and their lady friends, were ranged the 
Temperance choir, who led the music with which th» 
speeches were interspersed ; while the centre of th% 
platform, and to the immediate left of the active^ 
rosy-faced, and venerable chairman, was placed a tahla 
with bright and handsome coverlet with alternate 
stripes of red and black and gold, on which stood the 
gold and silver epergne, and other articles which 
formed the subject of the presentation, twinkling and 
twinkling in the gaslight. 

Letters of apology for absence and hearty sympathy 
with the object of the meeting were received from 
Mr. Benjamin Whitworth, M.P., Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 
M.P., and a great many other well-known gentlemen, 
and during the evening a constant succession of tele- 
grams was received from meetings and centres and 
private persons elsewhere of warm congratulation, 
among them being one from our Grand Lodge assem- 
bled at Manchester, which was couched in wcrda of 
strongest gratitude. 

It was not intended or desired that the testimonial 
should be taken as in any way attempting to set a 
money value upon the efforts of Mr. Norton, and the 
subscriptions were therefore not large. The whole 
amount collected at the time of closing the lists waa 
about £150 and among the subscribers are may officers 
of the army and navy, doctors, clergymen and other 
gentlemen of the professional classes ; the sums under 
10s. amounting in all to about £12, being mostly con- 
tributed by working men in the immediate neighbour- 
nood, and as might be expected, the £12 represents a 
very large number of contributors, a matter of 
gratulation. Mr. J. Donkin, of Bournemouth, has 
acted most indefatigably as honorary secretary, and 
the thanks are due to hira of all who approve of the 
object of his labours. We understand that since the 
closing of the lists further sums have been received as 
n protest against the meeting of the Poole Town 

The epergne, which formed the principal present, 
consisted of a central basin of engraved glass, borne 
by four classic figures in silver, of beautiful English, 
workmanship ; and there ia a vase on either side with. 
mountings of chaste design. A tablet at the base of 
the central vase was inscribed with Mr, Norton 'I 



April 20, 1885. 

name and the date and purpose of the presentation. 
This cost £98 18a, Something lite £40 was laid 
out upon a gold English watch and albert, a watch 
being an article whioh Mr. Norton had mentioned 
when sounded as to his wishes in the matter ; 
and a characteristic incident occurred after the pre- 
sentation, when Alderman Norton referred to the 
time when, working as a lad at the bench, he saved 
up enough by working late and early to buy a watoh, 
whose glass had often been broken by the handle of 
the mallet in his trousers pocket— the watch whicU 
he wore still ; and at the suggestion of the ohairman 
he exchanged it for the one presented, amid tremen- 
dous cheering, provoked by the reference to his days 
of working at the bench. " As an encouragement to 
follow in the footsteps of their father, and never be 
afraid to do right, but always afraid to do wrong," a 
magnificent stereoscope had been purchased for his 
children, and an album for Mrs. Norton, as a mark of 
public sympathy with her in the trials to which she 
had been subjected by reason of the persecution of 
her husband. An illuminated address in a massive 
gold frame came from the Loudon Committee for the 
Release of Henry Williams, in which they expressed 
the hope that the occurrence would be a source of 
inspiration to Mr. Norton's fellow- workers ; and there 
were other tributes of a minor character. The occa- 
sion was none the less pleasing that it was understood 
that the presentation, though made to Alderman 
Norton, and to Alderman Norton alone, was intended 
as a recognition of the services of all the faithful few 
who have stood by him and helped him in his enter- 
prise. What were fought for were great principles, 
and the sacrifices which some of these have made 
that those principles might, prevail will probably never 
be known to the public. All honour be to them I 
The proceedings having been open with song, 
The Chairman made a few remarks followed by the 
Rev. R. Colan, who read a large number of 
letters of apology and telegrams sympathising with 
the object of the meeting and expressing admiration 
at Mr. Norton's conduct, including missives from Sir 
W. Lawson.M.P., Mr. Glover. Mr. Whitworth, and 
friendly societies; after which he remarked that he had 
the most pleasing duty it was possible for man to have 
to perform, and he trusted that it would be as pleasing 
to them to cheer the aunouncement of that duty as it 
was for him to perform it. (Applause.) He had all 
through these oases which Mr. Norton had so nobly 
tikenin hand watctud with considerable interest. 
He was a near neighbour of Mr. Norton's at the time 
when the greatest excitement was on, and was a 
witness to some of the arguments of the opposite 
party in support of their principles. All he could say 
was that if their principles were not nobler than their 
arguments, they were not very noble principles, — 
(applause)— and if their opponent had to be pro- 
tected from them by the police it did not say very 
much for their own estimation of the value of the 
principles they advocated. (Applause,) He believed 
in a fair stand np fight, but sot in an unfair fight or 
in 100 men against one unprotected man. (Hear, 
hear.) The fairest fight was not with the fist, but 
hy honest earnest argument. They sympathised with 
Mr. Norton in the action he had undertaken and the 
persecution he had had to endore in carrying it out. 
(Hear, hear,) Why wae it he had met with such 
treatment, because he had done nothing beyond that 
he had endeavoured to put in proper action the licens- 
ing laws themselves, and as a citizen of that country 
he had a perfect right te do it. (Applause.) Some 
people said he nsed very strong language. Well, he 
dared -ay he had— (laughter)— but the language used 
by- his opponents was rather stronger. But if Mr. 
Norton had u?ed strong language he was perfectly 
justified in doings^ for they must remember the great 
excitement that was oarried on, and also that it was 
absolutely necess: ry in some cases to use strong lan- 
guage in order to bring public attention to the cases. 
After some further remarks showing the justness of 
Mr. Norton's action, and the great benefit he had con- 
ferred on the nation at large, the Bpeaker said he 
believed the result of that action would be that hun- 
dreds of public-houses would be closed during the 
npxt few years. (Applause.) The rev. gentleman 
then gave a description of the articles forming the pre- 
sentation. The rev. gentleman then made the presen- 

The epergne bore the following inscription : — 
" Presented by public subscription to Aldermau J. J. 
"Norton, in recognition of his self-denying efforts to 
enforce the dne execution of the licensing laws at 
Poole, and as fin expression of sympathy with him in 
the persecutions such action provoked. April 8, 
1SS.V On the other side were Mr. Norton's initials, 
*'J. J. N.", and the motto, "Bejust, and fear not." 

The album presented to Mrs, Norton bore the 
following inscription in the centre of the oover, and 
also her initials, " M. A. N."— "Presented to Mrs. 
Norton as an expression of sympathy with her in the 
anxiety through which she has passed by reason of the 
persecutions to which Alderman Norton was subjected 
on account of bis courageous efforts to enforce the 
proper execution of the licensing laws at Poole. April 
8, 1885." 

The Rev, G, Brooks |read the following handsome 

illuminated address on vellum, encased in a gold 
frame, from the London Committee : — 
To Mr. J. J, Norton, Alderman of the Borough of 
"Sir,— We, the members of the London Committee 
on the Poole Perjary Case, having, through our 
investigation of the circumstances of that case, been 
made acquainted with the noble resistance which you 
have offered to the unlawful and unscrupulous action 
of the liquor traffickers of Poole and their aiders and 
abettors, feel constrained to express to you the high 
sense of admiration which we entertain for your 
character and work. 

" To you belongs the honour of having been the first 
man in this country who alone, unaided, and opposed 
has resisted the renewal of ordinary licences to sell 
intoxicating liquors. Exercising the simple and 
inalienable right of a citizen, relying only on the 
righteousness of your cause, you have stood up to 
check the ravages of an iniquitous traffic and to 
vindicate law and order. You have been undaunted 
by persecution, unmeved by danger. Surrounded by 
foes, your life threatened, your property imperilled, 
you have said with the great Apostle, ' None of these 
things move me, neither count I my life dear unto 
myself.' We congratulate you on the courage, zet*l 
and self-sacrifice which you have shewn in peculiarly 
trying circumstances. Your example has been, and 
will continue to be, an inspiration to your townsmen 
and to your fellow-workers in the cause of 
morality and order throughout the country. We 
tender to you this mark of sympathy and respect in 
the hope that it may in some humble degree encourage 
you, and your children after you, to continue to 
1 Trust in God and do the right.' 

" Signed, Committee : 
" G. M. Murphy, G. W, MoCree, J. P. Gladstone, 
Howard Evans, Woodford Fawcett, John H. 
Lile, R. P. Edwards, John J. Jones, Thomas 
Hudson, John Mann, C. W. Garrard, John 
Kempster, R. Mountford, Thomas Smith, 
William Stubbs, John Cobeldick, Major 
Sheffield, Mr. Morgaa, Mr. Pearc, Benjamin 
Whitworth, M.P. (president), Geo. Brooks 
(secretary). " 
After suitably alluding to Mr. Norton's gallant action 
in thepublio interest, he touched on the Poole Town 
Council meeting of Monday week, and the proceeding 
whiob took place th^re as regarded Mr. Whitworth. 
The latter gentleman's name, he said, was becoming 
familiar to Poole, but if all tbey heard was true it was 
likely to become more familiar still, for Mr. Whit- 
worth was not a man to withdraw after he had said 
anything. (Applause.) Mr. Whitworth would have 
very much liked to have besn present that night, but 
was obliged to be in Ireland. 

Mr. Lile, who was loudly cheered on rising to make 
the presentation of the London Committee, said he 
was pleased indeed to stand upon the platform and see 
the faces of that grand aud orderly meeting, and he 
believed, from what he knew of the sympathy of 
people in London and elsewhere with Mr. Norton in 
the efforts he had made, that if the meeting had been 
convened for Exeter Hall that vast building would 
have been too small to hold all who would have wished 
to congregate there and express their minds in the 
matter. (Hear, hear.) He stood there himself as one 
of the London fold of Mr. Norton's "iambs "—(great 
laughter)— and if the ratepayers of Poole relegated 
Mr. Norton, as he observed from the local paper they 
would do, to a " back seat " in the Council, they would 
try in London or elsewhere if they could not send him 
to a seat in St. Stephen's. (Cheers and laughter.) He 
had happened to live some part of his life in a little 
town in Devon withfive or six thousand in habitants and 
50 or fiO public-houses, and he could understand affairs 
at Poole. (Hear, hear.) As one of the London Com- 
tee in the so-called Poole Perjury Case, he 
could tell them plainly they would not rest satis- 
fied until they had obtained the release of Henry 

The meeting here as with one voice raised a tremen- 
dous cheer, which was again and again renewed, and 
the speaker was obliged to break off speaking for some 
minutes. The cheering having to some extent abated, 
Mr. Lile continued that that having been done 
there was other work before ttem. (Hear, hear.) 
He believed that Alderman Norton's efforts would 
contribute largely to the much-needed exposure of 
the league of police with publicans in other towus 
than Poole. (Hear, hear.) There wsb a grand muster 
of working men — (cheers) — working men who not 
only earned their weekly wage, but from their 
arpearanoe knew how well to spend it — (oheers) — and 
though the publicans of Poole, and polioe of Poole, and 
councillors of Poole, and magistrates of Poole might 
oppose Mr. Norton, he had on his side the backbone of 
England — the working classes. (Cheers.) 

Mr. Alfred Allen, one of the vice-chairmen of the 
Poole Temperance Society, and the superintendent of 
the Band of Hope, here stepped on to the platform 
and said it had been stated in a public print that Mr. 
Norton had left the Council Chamber at the Whit- 
worth meeting "a man without a friend," and he 
therefore asked the leave of the ohairman to propose 
a resolution. The resolution was as follows : — " That 
this meeting of ratepayers and others, inhabitants 

of Poole, hereby expresses its approval of the action 
recently taken by Mr. Alderman Norton in exposing 
the gross violation of the liquor laws existing in this 
borough, and also assures him of its unabated confi- 
dence and resptct, notwithstanding the insults and 
contumely to which he has been subjected." 

The Chairman said he was almost afraid to ask for 
a seconder for fear 20 or 30 gentlemen should rise 
at once — (hear, hoar) — and there being loud cries of 
" Ballam," 

Mr. Ballam accepted the formality aud said what 
ever might be stated in the print alluded to he could 
state from personal knowledge that Mr. Norton had a 
great many sympathisers both in town aud country. 
(Cheers.) He liked to see a man with a backbone. 
(Hear, hear.) Mr. Norton had had to work and had 
had to pay. (Hear, hear.) They had given Daniel a 
little relish lately. (Laughter.) They said he said 
something which he did not say, but what he did say 
was true — that the drink traffickers were wholesale 
murderers— (hear, hear) — and that drink made 
paupers, and criminals, and lunatics, and the sooner 
it was swept away the better — (hear, hear) — and 
rather than be one of the gentlemen— they called them 
gentlemen— who got their living from it, he would 
be a chimney sweep, or carry a basket of bloaters on 
his arm. (Hear, hear.) He could not think a man 
who manufactured criminals, and paupers, and 
lunatics respectable. (Hear, hear.) 

The Chairman then put the resolution to the meet- 
ing, and the room was at once a forest of hands. 
Any who dissented from it were invited to hold up 
against it, but not a single hand in any part of the 
crowded hall was raised, and the Chairman declared 
the resolution unanimously carried amid tremendous 

The choir then varied the programme with a 
musical selection, after which the ceremony of pre- 
sentation was performed. In giving the testimonial 
to Alderman Norton in the name of the subscribers, 
the Chairman said that there was one thing which 
gave him especial pleasure, and it was to see his three 
children present to witness the public recognition of 
their father's work of love, and his earnest desire for 
them wae that they might follow in their father's 
footsteps and enjoy long life in their battle for the 
right ; and that they would be loved and respected. 
He felt that their father could not have gone through 
what he had done at the hands of some of his neigh- 
bours in Poole without feeling at times sad and Bick 
at heart, and it was a good thing that th^y had that 
glorious meeting to cheer him, aud shew hina that all 
were not against him. 

During this ceremony Alderman Norton stood up. 
He was wearing a large white flower at the button- 
hole, and paleness and flushes of pleasure alternated 
on his face. The meeting remained breathless, but 
when the ceremony was complete and he came for- 
ward to express his gratitude, there burst forth rounds 
of cheering, Mrs. Norton also receiving her share. 

Mr. Norton said : Mr. Chairman, dear friends- 
There certainly is a contrast between this meeting and 
my reception on the 3rd of September. (Hear, hear.) 
It hardly seems possible that there could have been 
in Poole so large a number of persons who sympathised 
with me in my action. Still, 1 suppose they were 
somewhere. (Much laughter and "hear, hear.'') Atall 
events, sir, since then there has been time for consid- 
eration, and he most lives who thinks most, feels the 
noblest, acts the best. (Hear, hear.)' Whatever may 
have been your opinions in August or September 
you certainly have come here to-night in your hun- 
dreds. (Cheers.) You know and have heard from 
previous speakers of the difficulties, almost insur- 
mountable difficulties, which stood in my way— (hear, 
hear) — but there was one thought which has supported 
me through all, and it was the consciousness that I 
was doing my duty, that what I was doing was 
right. (Loud cheers.) Now, Mr. Chairman, I say it is 
not consistent for us to goto Parliament asking for new 
legislation, unless we first make use of such legisla- 
tion as we have and try how far it can be made to 
serve the ends we have in view. (Hear, hear.) There 
are for the regulation of the liquor traffic something 
like 400 Acts of Parliament or clauses, and what! 
have tried to do is to put a portion of these laws in 
force. (Hear, hear.) I have been charged with using 
strong language, and rightly charged. (Hear, hear.) 
There are some elephants with a hide so hard and 
thick that if you shoot an ordinary arrow at 
them — and even, I am told, some bullets — 
it will glanoe off them, and leave them unaffected ; 
and just so there are some people who are so cased 
against ordinary language that you need sharp shot 
and straight fire to make them feel it at at all. (Hear, 
hear.) But he hoped he had said no "hard " things, 
for you could not call them "hard "things if they 
were true. (Hear, hear.) Some speakers bad referred 
to the insults to which he had been subjected, but he 
assured them he had got past feeling insults. 
(Laughter.) Referring to the meeting of the Council 
heBud he had made his charges and he should stand 
by them through thick and thin. (Applause.) He 
had been abused in a paper which had some small 
circulation in the town, but the writer for that paper 
would say anything for half-a-crown. Oh, could not 
people turn their coata? (Great laughter and 
applause ) It was a.veryistrange coincidence, but h& 

April 20, 1885. 



had received letters on that one day from electors in 
two different districts asking his opinion on Mr. 
Harris and Mr. Chatfeild Clarke. He did not know 
whether Mr. Harris, the avowed publican candidate— 
the man who at Poole was for "no alteration in the 
licensing laws " — (great laughter)— had been posing 
down in Devonshire as the Temperance Reformer — 
(much laughter)— bnt h^ was able to give his own 
opinion of the friendliness to Temperance reform 
without any difficulty at all and he returned a very 
straight reply. (Hear, hear.") Some of them might 
jiot know there had been a battle— not a skirmish, 
but a regular pitched battle— at Dorchester that day. 
There were matters with regard to two licences in 
question, and the first was the meanest tattle he ever 
knew. In Septembsr the licence of the Victoria, 
among others, was refused. The cases were carried 
to Dorchester. The costs were to be paid by a certain 
day. His own amounted to £102, and the other aide's 
to £97. Punctually on the day appointed the costs 
on his side were paid in to the Clerk of the Court, and 
he had a right to expect that the other Bide would do 
the same. (Hear, hear.) But they did no such thing. 
They drew out his £102, but did not pay a penny ! 
And this was what was called fair fighting on their 
side. (Much laughter, and groans.) His application 
at the Quarter Sessions that morning had been that 
the sureties in the case of the Victoria might be 
estreated, the costs not haviag been paid, and his 
aoplication was opposed. But they had won the day. 
.(Hear, hear.) Mr. Travers, the solicitor, had suggested 
that he should go against Beale, but what was Beale 
but Mr. Marston's tool I (Hear, hear.) Mr Marston 
really fought the battle, and Beale was a dummy. 
(Hear, hear.) He had been got to eign his name to 
the appeal. What effects. had Beale/ and was it 
likely that he would go against Beale when Mr. 
Marston might immediately step in and say, " He 
owes me rent, and the landlord has the preference" ? 
(Laughter.) Therefore, he said it was one of the 
meanest battles that had ever been fought by th 
representatives of the licensed traffic, who liked 
.nothing nnderhand but never shrank from a fair and 
stand-up fight. (Laughter and groans.) The second 
battle had been an appeal ag»in3t the decision of the 
justices of Poole, in which these gentlemen — ('"No, 
no I ") — applied to re-open by virtue of a licence that 
notorious house the Coach and Horses. (" Shame, 
shame I " and hi?ses.) Ah, they hissed him now, bat 
seven months ago on whom had they bestowed their 
hisses? — [The Chairman : We are older and wiser 
now, and cheers.] The magistrates, said Mr. 
Norton, had dismissed the appeal with costs 
* — the licence was refused. (Loud cheers.) Whv did 
the brewers throw good money after bad? (Hear, 
hear.) But did he say " good " money — money 
from such a source as that ? (Hear, hear.) Ah, he 
sapposed he ventured his £100 for the sake of his 
thousand ; but what a venture it was ! (Hear, hear.) 
At the Council meeting mayor after mayor had got 
up and told him he had never complained in their 
time of the conduot of the police ; but how was he 
in the time of the mayoralty of Mr. Hudson or 
Mr. Western or Mr. Aldridge or Mr. Curtis to have 
complained, when they felt secure in the hands of 
their Superintendent of Police, who possessed " the 
confidence of both political parties"? (Much laughter.) 
But now they came to a far more important question 
— How were they going to set all these things right l 
(Hear, hear.) Only by inquiry. (Cheers.) He had 
been told in the Council by the solicitor for the 
licensed victuallers that he had only to take off the 
words " private and confidential" from his charges 
ttnd he would get an inquiry at once, but he was also told 
that he would have a dozen actions against him 
at once if he did. (Hear, heir.) The lawyers could 
put in a dummy plaintiff, and run up a bill of costs, 
and behave as they had behaved in the case of the 
Victoria, if they could do nothing else ; but he hoped 
they would not catch him napping. Still, if they 
wanted to wash any more of their dirty linen in 
public they should have the opportunity of doing it. 
•(Hear, hear.) B"t to pass to what was pleasanter, 
it was a grand meeting and he was proud to be there 
among such a gathering of the ratepayers of Poole, 
and he had no idea that there was so much sympathy 
with him and the cours& he was pursuing as that 
meeting brought to light, and he only wished his 
wife were with him on the platform instead of sitting 
at home in fear and trembling fearing for his life — 
(hear, hear) — and he was glad to see so many ladies 
present nncowed by the threats of disturbance which 
had been so assiduously circulated. (Hear, hear.) At 
the time he was assailed there were teetotalers who 
were — well, a little poorly, and must not expose them- 
selves to any risk of the sharp east wind — (hear, 
hear) — but the weather was more genial now. (Much 
laughter). They wanted an inquirv— (hear, hear)— 
702 of the ratepayers— 1,600 of the inhabitants— had 
petitioned the Home Secretary for it. (Hear, hear.) 
What had they been told ? That the Watch Com- 
mittee were the masters of the situation. The 
41 Watch " Committee I — Oh, did not they watch 1 
How car- f ul they were now. But what about the 
12 months during which they met but once?— one 
meeting in the year ? But did they represent their 
interests? ("No, no.") The ratepayers of Poole 
Imd already expressed their opinion— they wanted an 

inquiry — they wanted an innocent man set 
free. He did not mean to say that Williams had 
not his faults the same ,as the rest of us. He 
was not a perfect man : and he could tell them plainly 
how he sold him, but that was no reason why he should 
relax his efforts for his release and for the last 
several months his time had been almos^ exclusively 
occupied in working for it, and he solemnly declared 
that he should leave no stone unturned, and he would 
pledge his word that if an inquiry were granted and 
the whole facta and circumstances of the case fully 
probed out, within one week of the report of the 
Commissioners being given to those who sent them, 
Williams would be free and his pension be restored. 
(Cheering, renewed and prolonged.) He did not think 
he was unduly excited — he appealed to the chairman 
and to the m3eting — did he seem so to them } — (" No, 
no ")— and he made that statement deliberately, 
knowing all the facts, having it all practically at his 
fingers' ends, and the additional evidence which was 
accumulating from day to day. They had heard not 
a little about the drunkenness of the police, and the 
manifesto in the Guardian of the superintendent; 
but his charges were proved, proved by the superin- 
tendent's own entries in their own books ; and he did 
say this, that they might safely reckon that for every 
time a policeman was drunk and had been 
reported there were 10 offences which had never 
been reported, A landlord had told bim— yes, he had 
some friends among the landlords — only last week 
that a certain policeman came in at five minutes to 
eleven and growled at him that it was time to clese, 
and that man was drunk— yes, "drunk"— he did not 
say " the worse for liquor "—and it wonld take a 
clever man to tell when a oertain person was the 
worse for liquor— (hear, hear)— and his wife put on 
her shawl and they went to the police-station together 
to complain. Did they imagine that that report 
appeared upon the book ?— (" No, no ")— but they 
told him that as they left the police station the Crown, 
which faces the police station, waB open still at 20 
minutes past the closing time. In again expressing 
his deep gratitude for those who had so generously 
interested themselves in the subject of the pre- 
sent occasion, he hoped that the magnificent meeting 
which it was their pleasure to witness would satisfy 
them for all they had done. (Hear, hear.) The 
Bournemouth gentleman (Mr. Donkin) bad very 
kindly asked him what form he would like the 
testimonial to take. Some people would have pro- 
posed a sparkling diamond ring, which they could 
pat on their delicate finger and twirl their moHStache 
in the gaslight. (Laughter.) For himself he had 
bought but two rings, one -when he was young and 
foolish and got engaged, and one when he got; wiser 
and got married— a step he had never regretted— and 
those he hoped he should keep ; but if he ever 
wanted a ring for a present he should feel it was 
one to put through his nose. (Great laughter.) 
He had proposed a time-keeper. At the age of 13 
he had a watch given him, whioh was a pleasure to 
him at the time, but which having seen a quarter of 
a century in service was a little the worse for wear, 
and he wanted some that would keep the time by 
working early and late— at 15 he managed to make 
18s. a week at piecework — (hear, hear)— he was not 
very long befere he purchased it, and although it had 
often been broken by the handle of his mallet in his 
t rouse r's pocket— (laughter)— he was at 42 years of age, 
after a lapse of 27years or thereabouts, still wearing it. 
(At the suggestion of the chairman, he doffed it and 
donned the watch from the table, amid loud cheers. ) 
He liked something that was useful. (Hear, hear.) 
He once laid the the foundation stone of a Wesleyan 
church, and he was presented with an ornamental 
trowel in a case, a very pretty artiole no doubt, but it 
had been in the case ever since, whereas if they had 
given him a silver teapot instead, his wife might ever 
since have used it and been now pouring out tea from 
it for her guests. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Norton referred 
to a number of other topics and to the gentlemen 
who, "in the interests of morality," desired there- 
opening of the Coach and Horses— (ironical laugh- 
ter)— and pointed out the falsehood, absurdity, and 
injustice of the charge that he had misrepresented 
facts to the London Committee, mentioniog that as a 
committee he had never met them, and the few times 
he had had the pleasure of meeting some of its mem- 
bers was at public meetings only. Before sitting 
down, Mr. Norton again made a warm acknowledg- 
ment to Mr. Donkin. He had been told that many 
people were talking about it; but Mr. Donkin did 
it— (hear, hear)— and it was a great encouragement 
to him. Nothing could have been chosen more to 
his taste— it seemed almost too grand for his little 
cottage. (Laughter.) During the first five years of 
his life he had saved up to buy a greenhouse— perhaps 
they suggested that that had been his colour ever 
since — (laughter and "No, no ") — but he doubted not 
that by the morrow his wife would have found there 
some beautiful flowers to give to it Nature's bright 
finishing touch. 

After a few remarks from Mr. Mountford and the 
Rev. W. Stacey, the meeting was brought to a close 
by the choir and assembly rising and singing 
"Work for the Night is Coming,"— Abridged from the 
Poole Guardian, 

[From the (7remork Ttho'-dph, April 11.] 
Within the past six months there have been some 
terribly glaring practical illustrations of the above 
produced in Euglish courts of law. The two following 
examples we transcribe from authentic sources, in the 
hope that they will be aufficient to arous- 1 th§ Apparent 
apathy of our sometimes lively enough social reformers, 
too many of the most prominent of whom are ^rrrtt 
hands at making strenuous efforts in getting to the 
front when there is any display to be made, dust to 
be thrown, or position to be gained. [The writer of tha 
article instances a case relating to the Land Laws, and 
reprints Mr. B, Whit worth's letter to the Press 
on the Poole perjury case, and goes on 
to say] : — These are the facts of this case as eet 
forth by Mr. Whitworth and others in the leading 
London papers three weeks ago, and since then there 
has been a great public meeting held in the Memorial 
Hall, London, for the purpose of expressing and elicit- 
ing practical sympathy for Williams. At that meet- 
ing an influential deputation was appointed to wait 
upon the Home Secretary to further urge his judicial 
interference on the victim's behalf, but he has de- 
clined to receive the deputation, as it is not deemed 
advisable to receive deputations in any cases of crimi- 
nal convictions, A fortnight ago Mr. W. Fowler 
asked the Home Seoretary in the House of Commons 
whether his attention had been oalled to the sentence 
passed on Henry Williams at Winchester in November 
last ; whether he had received a memorial from Poole, 
signed by several magistrates and others, protpsting 
against the conviction and sentence ; and whether he 
would order an inquiry into the case ? To which Sir 
W. Harcourt replied, "I have gone into the case more 
than once, and have come to the conclusion that there 
in no reason to interfere." This reply cannot possibly 
be allowed to settle the matter ; neither can the ruling 
of the Speaker, when he precluded Mr. Hopwoodfrom 
putting a motion on the paper in favour of the 
establishment of an appeal f romcon victions in criminal 
cases. Such is a summary of the facts of the case as it 
stands at present — facts which let us see that the first 
mau in England who has endeavoured to shut up 
public-houses by lawful means is having a very pain- 
ful experience, being subjected to mob violence as his 
reward, while an agent he employed in the business is 
a still greater sufferer, with little present prospect of 
relief, for there is no Court of Criminal Appeal, and 
the only appeal is to the British public. The most 
respectable men at Poole —of course not the 
Baron's " respectable persons," but magistrates, 
clergymen, and other leading inhabitants — 
are convinced that Williams is innooeut, 
Even were he guilty, what a cruel sentence ! Whose 
liberty might not be sworn away by such a combina- 
tion of witnesses, even in our own good town 1 The 
Law Times says of the judge than he shewed "an 
absence of judicial impartiality." The Echo says: 
" We have read the summing-up thrice. We have 
never read such a summing-up before, and we hope 
we may never read such a summing-up again." " All 
this testimony convinces us that a more gross and 
cruel miscarriage of justice has not taken place 
for many years in Britain," says the Christian 
Leader, " and we feel increasingly the claims of 
this poor man upon our practical sympathy." Parlia- 
ment seems to be the final Court of Appeal against 
mistaken and perverse judges, and we do trust that 
the matter will not be allowed to remain much longer 
in suspense for the lack of energy and determination 
upon the part of all leal-hearted subjects of Queen 
Victoria. Our new made member of Parliament has 
recently let his voice be heard in St. Stephen's on be- 
half of the shipping interests of the country ; let 
his constituency afford him an opportunity to as 
manfully advocate the cause of weak and oppressed 
humanity in our midst. Let us send up to the 
House of Commons numerously - signed petitions 
seeking immediate redress of these fligrant wrongs 
judicially perpetrated on "our own flesh and blood " 
in this "age of sweetness and light"; and let us 
demand at the hands of our legislators a re-adjustment 
of our constitution and laws to a more equitable 
standard, so that such unrighteous judgments may 
never again be pronounced from a British benoh of 

How the Monet Goes. — During the last three 
years the amount of money Bpent on intoxicating 
liquors in the United Kingdom has been as follows :— 

1875 £142,876,669 

1376 147,288,759 

1S77 142,007,231 

Making a total expenditure for the three years of 
£132,172,659. It is a humiliating and painful thought 
that in a country priding itself upon its Christianity, 
we should spend upon our gratific -tion and licentious- 
ness the appalling sum of £142,000.000 annually We 
contribute some £700,000 or £800,000 per annum for 
the evangelisation of the world, and take credit to 
ourselves for doing it, and yet every two days in the 
year we spend almost an equal amount upon our own 
aenanal indulgence.— William ffoyh in^Social Notes." 


April 20, 1685. 




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3, Bolt Court, Fleet-street, E.G. 

By Bro. Dr. A. Baxtee, The Academy, Dans. 

The meaning which we Good Templars attach, to 
the word obligation is, the moral binding pow^r of a 
promise. It is the act by which, we bind ourselves to | 
forbear the use. in any form, of all alcoholic liquors ; 
to stand by and strengthen each other in the mainten- 
ance o£ moral rectitude ; and to practise courtesy, 
gentleness, and generosity in all our doings. 
It sets up a standard as our rule of 
guidance — an authoritative model for our 
imitation. It is of the nature of a sacrament, a 
solemn sacred path, each as that which the Roman 
soldier took to the general as his commander, and to 
the eagle as the sign of the commonwealth. He 
became responsible for the general's safety and the 
security" of the eagle with his own life ; and, as he 
was bound to follow wherever the standard was carried 
nothing more actuated him to greater deeds of daring 
than the fear that it should fall into the hands of the 
enemy. We have taken an obligation, and have 
bound ourselves to follow the Temperance banner ; 
to drill ourselves into the principles of Templary ; 
to jealously guard our banner and rever to hesitate 
to promulgate and advance the purity of our prin- 
ciples. Shall we let the banner be pulled down? 
Shall we'.suffer our principles to be called in question 
and not have the boldness tj defend them ? If a Good 
Templar can bo so weak and cowardly as to temporise 
with the enemy we are sworn to expel from the 
country, the integrity of our principles is broken by 
his-inconstancy — he is not fufilling his obligation. 

The first Templars were instituted in 1118 by nine 
knights, who bound themselves together under an ob- 
ligation to live pure and humble lives in constant war 
against the infidel enemies of their faith. These were 
the ancient Templars, and well did they ful61 their 
mission so long as the strangely enthusiastic move- 
ment, which called them into being, formed the spring 
and action of (Western European life. The modern 
Templars were founded in 1851 by a few earnest men 
in America, and eo vigorously has the movement been 
taken up and prosecuted in almost every quarter of the 
world that they now form a society numbering hundreds 
of thousands of adult and juvenile members. The fun- 
damental principle of their constitution iB the existence 
of one God, the Creator and Preserver of all things. 
They have, for their obligation, a lifelong pledge of 
total abstinence, and they promise to maintain a con- 

stantly aggressive warfare against the manufacture, 
use, and sale of all intoxicating liquors until com- 
plete and universal success crown their efforts. When 
we take the obligatiou of the Order we are Good Tem- 
plars, but not to sit contentedly idle. We are bound 
earnestly, by kindly counsel and gentle pleading, to 
assist the drunkard to reform ; to keep those who have 
never been under drink's influence from falling vic- 
tims to its snares ; and to lay hold of the young and 
instil into their minds an abhorrent disgust of 
intemperance, for in the joung our hope 
lies. It is a healthy sign cf a Lodge's efficiency 
when there is, in connection with it, a thoroughly 
organised and fully-equipped Juvenile Lodge where 
Temperance truths are being actively disseminated 
among the young. A Lodge without the Juvenile 
element is taking too low a view of our obligation. 

We have no political creert, Liberal or Conservative ; 
but our obligation furnishes ns with a political plat- 
form, which enables us, independent of party, to 
support and encourage all measures likely to lead to 
the suppression of the drink traffic. 

We have all pledged ourselves to total abstinence, 
and to do all we can to prevent those who have taken 
our obligation from violating it : and, for this reason, 
it contains a safeguard which cannot be too sacredly 
cherished. The very saoredness of its nature makes it 
perpetually binding, and new members must be made 
to understand that it cannot be put on and off at 
pleasure like a coat, but must in all pointB agree with 
the whole being and las>. as long as life. The only 
safe principle is, once a Templar always a Templar. 
For a man of intemperate habits to take onr obliga- 
tion on the understanding that it is binding, 
oily so long as it is his pleasure to abstain would be a 
very dangerous mode of proceeding, for most likely 
he would yield to the very first temptation and thus 
defeat the objects of our united brotherhood ; conse- 
quently, our lifelong obligation must not be allowed 
to be undervalued or disregarded. 

I have some conception of the difficulties and 
dangers to which many are exposed. When they 
enter the Lodge, they feel strange and alone. 
To these I say, you must not remain alone — you 
most not remain unknown. Isolation is weak- 
ness ; association is strength. We meet in 
the fellowship of the Lodge-room as Christian 
brothers and sisters, ever ready with the cheering word 
and the helping hand. Among the Swiss mountains, 
where the difficulties and dangers of travellers are 
great, they have a way of binding a group of adven- 

turers together. Before they begin the perilous and 
slippery ascent, a strong cord is bound round the waist 
of each, and all are then tied together, so that every 
one helps the others, and if one slip they pull him np 
again. In this Good Templar association, founded 
upon the Divine truths of Christianity, we are bound 
together to help one another up the hill to higher 
elevations of virtue and goodness. Let us remember 
that if we do not climb we fall ; if we do not advance 
we recede. — The Good Templar.] 


Buebage, neab Hinckley.— On April 4 the 
George Edwards Lodge was instituted at the Wesleyan 
School-room by Bro Lord, S.D.C.T., in the absence of 
Bro. Harrap, D.C.T. At five o'clock a publio tea was 
held, when about 80 sat down, after which a proces- 
sion was formed and marched through the principal 
thoroughfares of the village to the front of the Con- 
gregational Chapel, where a halt was made, and an 
encouraging open-air meeting held, which was 
addressed by Bros. Lord, Fowkes, Vorley, and Ward. 
A move was then made to the Wesleyan school-room 
when 11 were initiated and eight joined as associates. 


Bro. J. E. Turney, P.W.O.T.— It is with deep 
regret we have to record the loss of this brother to our 
Order, after a somewhat short and painful illness, on 
Monday morning, April 13. Although only a young 
man, he had, by an exercise of kindly feelings and 
steady application to the work of our Order, endeared 
himself to all who knew him. He was initiated in the 
Vuloau Lodge, Kennington, S.E., some 18 months ago, 
and very ably served as W.Sec. and W.C.T. Deceased 
visited Lodges a great deal, often visiting five Lodges 
a week, and more that one Lodge has had to thank 
him for his presenoe and help in the entertainment of 
the evening. — A.R. 

Dabe to be Singular.— To be singular in any- 
thing that is wise, worthy, and excellent is not a dis- 
paragement, bnt a praise ; every man should choose 
to be thus singular. To act otherwise is just as if a 
man, upon great deliberation, should rather choose to 
be drowned than to be saved by a plank or a small 
boat, or to be carried into the harbour any other way 
than in a great ship oi so many hundred teas,— 

April 20, 1885. 



EASTER, 1885. 

We last week reported the preliminary proceedings 
of the Annual Session of the Grand Lodge. Taken 
as a whole, we tLlok it may be said that the Session 
has passed off with an Mat and a success such as 
have not been surpassed, if they have been equalled in 
any previous anniversary.The Grand Reception meeting 
on Monday, in the magnificent Town Hall, under the 
presidency of the Mayor of Manchester, supported by 
the Mayor of Salford, and a highly influential com- 
pany of leading citizens, was certainly a most memor- 
able occasion in the history of our Order. The religious 
community was widely influenced by .Temperance 
sermons on the previous Sunday — for in addition 
to the annual official sermon preached in the 
afternoon by the Grand Worthy Chaplain, and auother 
admirable and impressive discourse by our reverend 
brother in the Congregational Church at Greenheys 
in the evening, after which the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper was partaken of by a large company of 
Grand Lodge members and visitors, and the members 
of the Church (when Frank Wright's unfermented 
sacramental wine was use^)— there were also no 
fewer than some 225 Temperance sermons preached, 
including several at Oldham, IS at Ashton, seven 
atMiddlpsborough, 16 at Rochdale, nine at Radcliffe, 
30 at BoltoD, 12 at Bury, and 125 at Manchester. 

The Opening Session 
in the Town Hall, on Monday afternoon, was a grand 
spectacle, and characterised by great heartiness and 
depth of feeling. The usaal opening ceremony was 
impressively rendered. Punctually at three o'clock 
the G.W.C.T. and officers entered the building and 
occupied their places. They were welcomed by hearty 
cheering and some said that it was the same Grand 
Lodge which separated last year at Leicester, 
for the old familiar faces largely predomin- 
ated, though there was a good sprinkling of 
those who had for the first time come to 
take part in the deliberations of our annual Par- 
liament. After the Grand Lodge had been opened a 
recess waB declared for theadmission of candidates who 
had come duly credentialled to take the Grand Lodge 
Degree. It was no small gathering that thronged in 
after being kept so long waiting and crowding in the 
corridors, and it was a very difficult task for the 
Guards to keep back the pressure ,and duly test the 
candidates on their entrance. When all had entered, 
the capacions hall was crowded to excess, crowds 
standing in the aisles. Bro. Mansergh, P.G.W.C., then 
presented the first report of the Credential Committee. 
of which for many years he has acted as secretary , a task 
requiring considerable taci, business capacity, arid ex- 
perience of the working of the Order, and entail- 
ing a large amount of real hard work, prior to and 
during the continuance of the session. We need not 
state how efficiently and well this work has been done, 
and how much the Grand Lodge owes to Bro. Man- 
sergh in this and many other respects. 

The First, Report of the Credential 
was as follows : — 

New Old 

Members Members Total 

Representatives 10 128 138 

Past representatives — fiS 68 

Non-voting members 716 212 928 

Officers not representatives ... — 12 12 

726 420 1,146 

From the above it will be seen that of the 138 re- 
presentatives who had arrived on the first day, only 
10 were new members of the Grand Lodge, and that 
716 additional new members were initiated into the 
Grand Lodge Degree on the first day of the Session. 
No fewer than eight reports were presented by this 
committee before the close of the Session. The second 
of these was given on Tuesday morning when 38 
additional representatives had arrived, and the total 
arrivals had reached the number of 1,255. The eighth 
and final report was presented on Friday as follows: — 
New Old Total 
Members Members 
Representatives .-. ... 10 183 193 

Pastrepiesentatives ... — 97 97 

Non-voting members ... 899 256 1155 

Officers not representatives — 12 12 




The gratifying statement was also made that the 
full complement of representatives had attended the 
Session, every District being fully represented. 

Deputations from Kindred Societies 
were received in recess after the initiation ceremony 
on Monday afternoon. They were introduced by the 
G.W.M., Bro. J. B. Collings, in the following order: — 

The Independent Order of Rechabites was 
represented by Mr. Councillor Roper, High Chief 
Ruler ; Mr. Christopher Hodgson, High Treasurer, 
Mr. Councillor Cunliffe, Past High Chief Ruler ; Mr. 
Henry Sharpies, B.D. 

Mr. Roper, High Chief Ruler, addressing the 

G.W.C.T., asked the Grand Lodge to accept their 
address, which was handsomely illuminated and 
framed, as a small token of respect on its visit to this 
large centre of industry, as an expression of the good 
feeling that had long existed between the two 
societies, and which they hoped would continue in the 
future as in the past. He hoped the G.W.C.T.'a life 
would be long spared, and that his dying pillow would 
be soothed by the consciousness that he had laboured 
for the good of his fellow men. The following is a 
copy of the address then presented : — 
" The Independent Order of Rechabites, Salford Unity. 
" To the Grand Lodge of England, I.O.G.T. 

" Manchester, April 6, 1885. 

" We, the High. Officers and Board of Directors of 
the Independent Order of Rechabites, congratulate 
the Grand Lodge of England on holding its Annual 
Session at the birthplace of the Order, and hope it 
may prove harmonious and successful. 

" The members of the two Orders have for many 
years been working side by side in the advocacj of 
Temperance truth . Large numbers have been brought 
into the Good Templar Order by the influence of 
Rechabites. and we thankfully acknowledge that 
many have joined the Rechabite Order through the 
efforts of Good Templars. 

"From its 50 years* experience the Rechabite Order 
has been able to present statistics as to the advantages 
of total abstinence of the greatest value to Temper' 
ance speakers and writers, and we ask your Granc 
Lodge to assist us in enlarging our sphere of opera' 

" Your G.W.C.T., Bro. Malins— who was a Rechabite 
before he was a Good Templar — has set a noble 
example by recommending the members of your Order 
to join the I.O.R. as the best means of preventing the 
pledge-breaking which Temperance workers have so 
often to deplore, 

" We cannot refrain from mentioning with pride 
the recent additions to the Rechabite ranks of the 
Right Rev. Dr. Temple, Bishop of London ; the Right 
Rev. Dr. Wilberforce, Bishop of Newcastle; the Right 
Hon. the Earl of Lichfield, with a host of clergymen, 
ministers, and civic dignitaries. 

" We hope to celebrate our jubilee at Exeter, in 
August next, with 60,000 financial. 5,000 honorary, 
and 30,000 juvenile members. 

"In conclusion we wish most heartily that your 
organisation may continue to flourish, and that 
nothing may occur to disturb the gnod feeling which 
prevails between the I.O.R. and I.O.G.T. 

" We beg to subscribe ourselves, on behalf of our 
Order, yours fraternally : — H. Roper, High Chief 
Ruler ; H. Wardropper, High Deputy Ruler ; J. 
Dimond, Past High Chief Ruler ; C. Hodgson, High 
Treasurer ; T. Cunliffe, P.H.C.R. ; T. L. Green, 
P.H.C.R. j H. T. Mclver, P.H.C.R.; H. Sharpies, 
B.D. ; J. H. Casley, B.D. ; R. Campbell, B.D. ; T. 
Jones Parry, B.D. ; R. Hunter, High Secretary." 

The Manchester, Salford, and District Tem- 
perance Union, was represented by Messrs. T. C. 
Rayner, James Kendall, W. Brunskill, and E. D, King, 
and presented similar cordial greetings. 

The Sons of Temperance, Salford Grand 
Division, was represented by Messrs. W. Fin lay, 
G.W.P.; C. Ashley, P.M.W.S.; W. Huddart, P.G.W.P.; 
and R. Stewart, P.G.W.P. ; and Manchester Division, 
by Mesers. Gibbon, P. G.W. P. j W. Creighton, G. 
Treasurer ; C. Slee, P.G.W.P.; T. Odgen, G.W.A. 
and J. Pattison, G.Chaplain, and cordial addresses 
were presented on their behalf. 

The United Kingdom Alliance was represented 
by the Rev. S. A. Steinthal, Rev. Jas. Clark, and Mr. 
JameB Fildes. Mr. Steinthal, who was greeted with 
loud and prolonged applause, said he had the honour, 
with his colleagues, to represent the United Kingdom 
Alliance, and in the name of the Council to give the 
Grand Worthy Chief Templar and the Order over which 
he presided, a cordial welcome. They occupied an 
essentially different platform, but whilst the U.K. 
Alliance did not claim to be a teetotal society, 
it did accidentally happen that a good number of 
their members were teetotalers, (Laughter and 
applause.) They had seen, as the Good Templars 
had, how difficult was the work of rescuing men from 
the bonds of intemperance so long as the law continued 
to license the liquor traffic. They were pledged by 
every effort in their power to bring about the day 
when the people should put an end to that destroyer. 
They welcomed the Grand Lodge because they saw 
men and women working with high enthusiasm, not 
only to lead their fellow men to abstain, but to help 
them (the Alliance) in seeking the sup- 
pression of the unrighteous traffic. (Loud 
applause.) It did his heart good to hear how their 
prohibition doctrine was received, and to know that 
a great power lay behind the G.W.C.T., and his 
colleagues, and that iafluential gathering, great and 
powerful, because behind it lay the moral force of 
thousands who were pledged to fight on in this cause 
until the day of victory. (Applause.) He was de- 
lighted to honour their banner, because of the great 
work they were doing. 

The Rev. J. Clark then read the resolution of 
greeting from the Executive Council of the Alliance, 
and said it might be of interest to numerous friends 
if he told them he was minister of a church that 
adopted as part of its church discipline the practice 

of total abstinence in 1S09, and ihad some persons 
with them now who were teetotalers before the 
Temperance movement was born. (Cheers.) 

[We subsequently ascertained that this society was 
one of the denomination known as Bible Christians.] 
The Lancashire and Cheshire Band of Hope 
Union was represented by Mr. J. Earnshaw, Rev. 
James Shipman, Mr. T. E. Hallsworth and Mr. 
William Hoyle, of Didsbory, and also presented a 
cordial address of greeting. 

The Central Sunday Closing Association was 
represented by Messrs. Robert Whit worth, Rev. James 
Shipman, Rev. J. Johnson, and Rev. W. H. Perkins. 
Mr. Johnson said they welcomed the Grand Lodge, 
because they recognised in the Order a strong helper 
and powerful ally in promoting Sunday Closing as the 
thin end of the wedge towards total prohibition. 
They thanked them most heartily for past help, and 
appealed for more arduous labour in time to come. 
Tbey would have them remember that on Wednesday, 
15th inst., their Bill would be before the House of 
Commons. They trusted it would be no forlorn hope 
then, but looked forward with greater confidence to 
the time when the question would be before a larger 
constiuency, and when the voice of the people would 
be heard, and the British Legislature would pass this 
great measure. Might the Most High crown their 
labours and ours in this noble cause. (Applaase.) 

The British Women's Temperance Association 
was represented by Si'ter Margaret Lucas, P.G.W.V.T., 
Sister H. Richardson, P.G.W.V.T., Sister Green, 
P.R.W.S.J.T., Sister Wahdiaw, G.S.J.T., Sister Mrs. 
John Hall, of South Shields, Sister Mrs. 
James Brown, of South Shields, and others. 
Sister Lucas, who was received with hearty 
cheers, remarked that the ladies representing this 
Association were all members of the Good Templar 
Order. They bad no need to say more in congratula- 
ting the Order, but they would be glad to know that 
their Association was greatly extending its operations 
in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. They ought 
to be proud to know that the Association arose from 
the Order, and that they had between 100 and 200 
branches at work, in extending and deepening sym- 
pathy with the Temperance movement. Ladies 
were now coming forward whom they had 
tried to influence again and again. They 
sought to bring many into their ranks who 
would not at present join the Order of Good Templars, 
but Good Templars had a great deal to do with this 
work. They wanted still more help from them in the 
way of good speakers, and they rejoiced at the pro- 
gress of both organisations. 

Sister Richardson said she considered this Associa- 
tion a daughter of the Grand Lodge. She would tell 
them as a secret that their women of business were 
Good Templars. They had come to the Order to 
school, and gone forth to practise in that Association, 
what they had learnt. She invited more sisters to help 
them. She wished she could invite brothers too. They 
would generally find their Good Templar sisters in posts 
of honour and responsibility, such as secretaries or 
presidents, for there would be no others who would so 
well know how to manage it. (Laughter and ap- 

Bro. Malins, G.W.C.T., then replied to the deputa- 
tions with his accustomed ea=e and graceful- 
ness. The Order of Rechabites stood first, 
he said, in order of seniority. They had entered 
their jubilee, having started 50 years ago when they 
had their origin in the Borough of Salford, bo they 
were now very near the birthplace of the Order. It 
was trae, as their address stated, he was a Rechabite 
before he was a Good Templar, and he was a member 
now. Possibly the example of our Order had 
influenced them to form tents among the sisters. He 
heartily reciprocated their kindly greeting. 

The Manchester and Salford Union had recently in- 
vited him to attend their anniversary. It was a 
magnificent gathering, and theirs was a noble organi- 
sation, well worked in this great and populous centre 
of industry. 

The Sons of Temperance were not so old in this 
country as the RecbabiteB, though older than most 
Temperance organisations. He found them working 
in America when he first joined the Good Templar 
Order in that country ; and when he met them in 
"Division " meetiugs he found that the same people 
were there as he had met in the Lodge. (ApplauBe.) 

He could scarcely trust himself to speak of the 
United Kingdom Alliance. He was an Alliance man 
before he was a man. (Laughter.) He was early con- 
vinced that if intemperance was to be stayed it must 
be by closing the drinkshops, and Alliance agents 
knew that iu him they had one lad who would go from 
door to door to deliver their tracts and get signatures 
to their petitions. He joined them 20 years ago and 
had been a loyal member ever since. Hisearlyteetotal- 
ism was tanght by the agents of the Alliance. God 
bless Sir Wilfrid Lawson- (loud applause)— and send 
him back with restored health to carry on his great 
work. He was recognised as thoroughly by us as our 
leader as theirs. They were thankful, too, for good Mr. 
Barker, and hoped he would long be spared to guide 
them by his valuable experience and counsel, and 
now that his mantle had in some measure fallen upon 
their new secretary, Mr. Whyta, they wished him God- 



April 20, 1885. 

speed and abundant sncceES in his new sphere of 

He was glad the little ones were represented. When 
he wrote his ''Footprints of 50 years,' 1 he was amazed 
to find how great was the might and power of the 
Lnneashire and Cheshire Band of Hope Union. It 
was the mightiest of all the provincial association?, 
and he was rejoiced that they were putting 
in our fourfold pledge. Long life to them ; 
might all their youngsters live to be grey- 
headed. He believed in the power of the Press. Their 
Onward Magazine and Reciter were unsurpassed as 
well-conducted advocates and aids in spreading Tem- 
perance principles among the young. 

They were thankful, too, for the welcome given 
them by their Sunday Closing friends. As to Sunday 
Closing, of course they were all in for that. The Welsh 
had got it, and Scotland had got it, and they hoped 
they in England would soon have it also. When the 
Sunday Closing Association succeeded in closing 
public-houses from Saturday night to Monday morn- 
ing they hoped soon to follow them by getting them 
closed from Monday morning to Saturday night. 
Laughter and applause.) 

He was glad to see Sister Lucas there. She had tra- 
velled many miles to meet them, and \va3 always ready, 
wherever she went and on all public occasions, to say 
a good word for the Order, He was glad 
that the British Women's Association she then 
represented was able to reach circles we could not 
reach, and they must rejoice at any influence that 
could reach them. It was a glorious work, and they 
were all in for it. They must bid their friends farewell. 
They all rallied round the same standard, which he 
trusted would never be lowered, and he would say to 
them all — " Keep the standard high." (Cheers.) 

A hymn was then sung with great heartiness, and 
the vast assembly soon afterwards dispersed. 

We have already reported the proceedings of Mon- 
day evening at the Grand Reception meeting in the 
Town Hall. 

Tuesday Morning. 

The Grand Lodge was upened shortly after nine 
o'clock on Tuesday morning, after which the second 
initiations of candidates was performed, the subsequent 
initiations being performed in one of the ante-rooms. 
The Report of the Executive on the Order op 

was then presented, whereupon Bro. Preston Weir in- 
troduced as an amendment a scheme or code of rules of 
procedure which he had prepared. After considerable 
time occupied in th? discussion of various sections, 
it was ultimately resolved to refer Bro. Preston Weir's 
proposals to a committee to report upon at next ses- 
sion, and the report of the Executive, with some 
alight amendments, was adopted, as published in last 
week's Watchword. 

On Tuesday Afternoon 
the G. W.C.T.8, G.S. J.T.s, G.E.S.s, G. W.S.a and 
G.W.T.'s reports were all considered and adopted, ex- 
cept Good of Order recommendations in the first, 
which were postponed for after consideration. 

On Tuesday Evening 
two Conferences were held, one on the Jcvenile De- 
partment, in acommittee-rooin, and one upon Political 
Action in the Town Hall, both of which were well 
attended. They were presided over by the G.S.J. T. 
and G.E.S. respectively 

On Wednesday Morning 
the resolution on the Digest No. 92 to reduce the 
salary of the G.W.C.T. to £200 was taken up, and was 
outvoted, only one hand being raised in its support. 

The report of the G.L. Executive was then considered, 
■*s under : — 


To the G.L. *f England l.O.Gf.T,, flatter, 1SS5. 


1. During the year your Execute have held 11 
meetings, as follows :— Leicaster, April 17 ; Birming- 
ham, May 9 and June 6 ; London, July 9 ; Birming- 
ham, September 2 ; Preston, October 10 ; Birmingham. 
December 5, January lf>, February 13, and March 13 : 
and Manchester, April 6. Attendance :— G.W.C.T., 
11 ; G.W.Conn., 9 ; G.S.J.T., 8 ; G.E.S., 9 ; G.W.V.T., 
2 ; G.W.S., 10 ; G.W.Tr., 10 ; G.W.Ch.. 10 ; G.W.M., 11. 
Bro. Sergt. E. T. Ould, R.E., who was installed into 
the chair of the P.G.W.C.T. at last session, was after- 
wards ordered out to Egypt on active service, and our 
earnest wishes for his welfare were sent with him. 
He has been ill at Cairo and Alexandria, but is now 
recovered and is at the front at Suakim. Bro. Quarter- 
master Overton, P.G.G., is still active in the Order 
at Cyprus. 

2. Appointment of Committees :— The Standing 
Committees were appointed, as follows ; — 

Appeals Committee: — Bros. Rev. J. Dean, Essex: 
L. J. Plymen, Surrey, W. ; R. Sands, Cum- 
berland, W. ; E, C Ellis, Derby, and P. Weir, 
Gloucester, W. 

Negro Mission Committee .-—'Bros. Rev. Jas. Mac- 
kenzie, Durham, N. ; Rev. H. J. Boyd, Yorks, 
S.W. ; and J. Glaisyer, Yorks, N. ; Sisters A. 

M. Green, Lancashire, S.W. ; C. Tmpey, Somer- 
set, Mid.; M. E. TJocwra, Essex ; and L. 
Osborn, Gloucester W. 
Orphanaqe Committt-e : — Si?ters Margaret Luca*. 
•Middlesex, and E. Edwards Leicester ; Bro?. 
J. Malins. Warwick ; F. W. Dimbleby. Surrey, 
E. & M. ; nnd It. II. Campbell, Kent, E. 
Political Action Committee ;— Bros. J. Kempster. 
E~se:c; W. Dodgson, Durham, S. ; J. Howie, 
Northumberland; J. ManD. Surrey, E. and 
M. ; Rev. J. E. Hargreaves', Isle of Wight, 
and J. Derrington, Worcester. 
3,— Revision of Rules, Sec.— The following reso- 
lutions, leferred to us by the G.L. at its last 
session, were : dealt with as follows:— (Digest) 
No. 51 (to forward subscriptions to Mission Fund 
with capita tax, and also tho amendment thereto 
that W.V.T.'s bo permanent collectors with box) Not 
adopted. Nos. 63, ijti (changing system of collecting 
mission funds), had been anticipated, No. 20 (c), 22 and 
23 a. b. o. (Arrears and Attendance.) —It was resolved 
to insert in Sub-Lodge bye-laws a provision that the 
roll be inspected on the sisth night in each term ; that 
the W.A.Sec. keep the register of attendance, and 
that prominence be given to the system of visiting,&c, 
by captains. No 10 was duly transmitted to the G.L, 
of India, who replied that they considered the fec3 
charged by them were reasonably low. No. 03 
( u Bound " Drinking Houses) was referred to the 
National Temperance Federation, but thoy considered 
it unadvisable to move in the matter. No. 21. (Altera- 
tion in Returns to W.D. Seos.) was agreed to. With 
regard to (Election of Alternate Representatives) and 
Sec. in G.W.C.T. 's. report (Vacancy in Office) it was 
resolved to insert the following in G.L. bye-laws : — 
''Alternate Representatives — Immediately after the 
election of representatives by the D.L. to G.L. and the 
G.L. to R.W.G.L. . a similar number of alternates shall 
in the same manner be elected from the unsuccessful 
candidates nominated for representatives, and who 
shall fill vacancies. Filling Seats of Absent 
Representatives. Should a regular representative 
fail to be in his place at G.L. Session immediately after 
the roll of representatives is called, the highest alter- 
nate present can claim the seat for the session, when 
the Credential Committee shall consult the co-repre- 
sentatives present and report the facts. On a seat 
being once allowed to either a representative or alter- 
nate, it cannot afterwards be occupied by the other 
during the same session. " No. 47 (Friendly Society 
Meetings in Public-houses) — A Memorial was sent to 
the several Friendly Societies and Trades Unions in 
ucordance with the notice of motion. The following 
the form of the memorial thus sent : — 
To the Executive Committee of the Ancient Order of 

"Gentlem kn,— We are dtitred by our Grand Lodgo, repre- 
senting nearly 150,000 adult and juvenile members in Eng- 
land alone, to approach you respecting the d-mmon prac- 
tice of the holding of the regular mo^tin»sof yourcourt3at 
;es licensed for the sale of intoxicating driuks, and to 
point; ut, what we believe is generally admitted by moat 
right minded people, that such a practice is undesirable, 
and should b« discontinued. 

4 A large number of our members are to be found in 

your various courts, meeting in public-houses ; and it is 

,use of considerable temptation to many, and annoy- 

b to all, that attention to the duties of membership 

should invohe attendance at a public-house with its 

holesome attractions and painful associations. 

It is within our personal knowledge that many of our 

young members who would be generally most desirable 

candidates for your Order are deterred from offering 

themselves because of their repugnance to the place of 

meeting; and many of your members who are total 

abstainers arc also held bad; from taking that active part 

the administration and extension of the local court 

from the same cau^o. 

" We are glad to know that there is not the same diffi- 
ulty which formerly prevailed iu obtaining suitable 
ooms in which to hold meetings apart from the liquor- 
hop. Not oxly every district, but every village can now 
furnish facilities for meeting ut small expense, and apart 
i the influences and temptations here referred to. It 
would be a grout satisfaction to our membership, and to 
mmlves personally, if you felt yourselves at liberty to 
uggest and recommend to your Sub-Lodge courts tho 
eform here indicated. Such a recommendation would 
have great moral weight with those branches already 
in existence, aud would bs a great help and en- 
couragement to tho*e who are seeking to start new 
branches on this basis. 

Wo should regard it an honour to receive a satisfac- 
tory reply, and beg to remain, with much esteem, 
" Yours faithfully, 
11 On behalf of the Grand Lodge Executive, 

" Jas. J. Woods, G.W. Secretary. 
The only reply received was the following from the 
Ancient Order of Foresters : — 

"Council Chambers. A.O.F., 30, Clarendon road, 
" Leeds, March 7th, 1885. 

" No. G07. 
Mk. Jas. J. Woods, G.S. of Good Templars. 
" Sir,— -I am directed by the Council of our Order to 
knowledge the receipt of your letter of the 24th ult., 
id to inform you that the members of our society are 
en and free agents, and are quite competent to judge 
best where to hold their courts. They are not bound to 
hold them at inns, and many are held at private houses. 
The Council think that you might wisely mix discre- 

tion with your zeal, and refrain from an impertinent in- 
terference in the working of other societies. 
'* I am, yours truly, per E.G., 

" Samuel Shawcross, 

" Permanent Secretary." 

4. Grand Lodge Special Sessions. — Only two 
special sessions have been held in England during the 
past yeas, viz., at the Crystal Palace F«te, when 7& 
took the G.L.Degrcc; and at Devonport (more 
especially for the naval brethren), when 103 were in- 
itiated into G.L. The G.W.C.T. has during the year 
commissioned various members to confer the 
G.L. Degree upon members of Lodges in foreign parte 
working under our jurisdiction ; particulars of whioh 
will be included in the report of the Credential Com- 

6. Deputations to Kindred Osganisations.— 
The following duly represented us at the Anndal Sua- 
sions of the Grand Lodges here named:— G.L. of 
Ireland, the G.W.C.T. and Bro. J. W. Hopkins, 
P.G.M. ; G.L. of Scotland, Bro. Eccles, G.W.T., Bro. 
Scott, P.G.W.Co., and Sister Randall, P.G.D.M. ; G.L. 
of AVales (English), Bro. Rev. W. Mottram, G.W.Ch. ; 
G.L. of Wales (II' elsh), G.W.C.T., aud G.W.T. ; G.L. of 
tbe Channel Islands, the G.W.C.T.; G.L. of Isle of 
Man, Bro. Rev. E. Franks, P.G.W.Ch. 

The following represented us at the annual or other 
great meetings of the organisations mmed :— British 
Temperance League, the G.W.C.T. and G.E.Supt., 
Bro. Kempstcr , Northern Temperance League, Bro. 
Collings, G.W.M. ; Midland Temperance League, the 
G.W.C.T., who was elected a Vice-President ; Western 
Temperance League, the G.W.C.T. and G.W.Ch.; The 
Society for Study and Cure of Inebriety, the 
G.W.C.T. ; National Coffee House Conference, the 
G.W.C.T., and Sister Gray, G.D.M. The annual 
meeting of the British League was held in London 
early in June, and in connection therewith the Jubilee 
of the League was celebrated by a large number of 
successful and deeply interesting meetings in the 
Metropolis. The G.W.C.T., G.E. Supt,, and G.W.M. , 
attended the great annual meeting of the United 
Kingdom Alliance, where the advanced resolutions re- 
ceived hearty support. Tte G.E. Supt. attended U.K. 
Band of Hope Union annual meeting. 

6. National Temperance Congress. — The 
G.W.C.T., G.E. Supt., and G.W.M. represented ua 
at the great assembly of the year, namely, the 
National Temperance Congress inaugurated by the 
National Temperance League, and which appointed 
our G.W.C.T. on the General Council. The proceed- 
ings commenced on Sunday, June 15. with many 
Temperance sermons. On Monday the opening address 
was f iven by Bishop Temple ; on Tuesday the 
" Scientific Phases of Temperance " were discussed, 
utder Dr. B. W. Richardson's presidency; and the 
Mayor gave an evening reception. On Wednes- 
day Professor Calderwood, LL.D.. presided over a con- 
ference on the " Social and Educational Aepects " ; and 
another conference on " Women's Temperance Work " 
followed. On Thursday " Temperance Economics 
and Statistics " were considered, Sir William Collins 
being in the chair ; and an after conference con- 
sidered " Temperance in Relation to the Young."' On 
Thursday Cardinal Manning presided over a confer- 
ence on "Legislative Remedies for Intemperance,'' 
regarding which our G. Electoral Supt., who took 
part, will doubtless report ; aud a closing con- 
ference was held on " Auxiliary Aids " — ■ 
the Coffee House Movement, ko. A vast 
public meeting was held in Hengler's Cirque, 
Cardinal Manning presiding, when Rev. Prebendary 

r, Stephen Bourne, Esq., F.C.S. ; J. H. Raper,Esq., 
and Bro. Malins, G.W.C.T., were the speakers. The 
Congress was very successful, aud reflected especial 
honour upon the secretary, Mr. Robert Rae. Several 
other great Temperance and Good Templar meetings 
were held during the week, our brothren at Liverpool 
and Birkenhead thoroughly improving the occasion. 

7. A Southern Counties Temperance Congress. 
somewhat on the lines of the above, was carried out 
at the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, iu February, by the 
Biighton and Sussex Gospel Temperance Union, and 
one day was allotted to the Order. Bro.jH. J. Penney, 
Esq., presided at a great afternoon conference in the 
Banqueting Hall, when Bro. Malins read a paper 
on '" The Social Aspects of Temperance : with especial 
reference to Good Templary " ; and our G.W.C.T., 
G.W.Chaplain, and Sister Mrs. Meehan, P.W.D.V.T., 
followed with addresses, and also addr<ssed our 
monster meeting in the Dome at night, under the 
presidency of Bro. Captain Williams, of the 4ih 
Dragoons. Bro. Corney Simmonds is the able secre- 
tary of the Sussex Union, to which a number of our 
Lodges are affiliated. 

8. The National Temperance Federation has 
daring the year held autumnal and annual meeiiugs, 
at one or other of which we have been represented by 
the G.W.C.T. ; G.E.S. ; G.W.M! and Bros. John 
Hilton, J. H. R. Moloney, and John Mann. The 
Federation formed in February of last year to promote 
joint moral and legislative effort, has increased the 
number of its affiliated societies, and now includes 
the "British," "Eastern," " Midland," and "Western," 
Temperance Leagues ; the " Irish Temperanoe Asso- 
ciation " ; the " British Women's Temperanoe Associa- 
tion " ; the " U.K. Band of Hope Union " j the " Bap* 

April 20, 1885. 



tint," "Congregational," •' United Methodist Fre. 
Church," and " New Church " Temperance Societies : 
the Order of " Rechabites " ; the Order of the " Sons 
of Tompr-rance " ; and our Grand Lodges of 
England, Ireland, and of Wales— English and Walsh 
The Federation exhibits a greater degree of unity 
than has ever before been obtained in connection with 
the Temperance movement, and is calculated to pro- 
duce good resnlts in the future. It has already pro- 
moted important joint memorials, and urged M. P. 's 
to action in Parliament. It is now engaged in pro- 
moting a most important deputation to the Premier 
in favour of the " Direct Veto " ; is also providing to 
bo amend the Grocers' Anti-Spirit Licence Bill as to 
prohibit Grocers' Wine and Beer Licences also ; is pre- 
paring to exercise pressure for the passage of the Eng- 
lish and Irish Snnday Closing Bills ; is drafting o 
Bill to extend the Truck Act, so as to prohibit part 
payment of farm labourers' wages in cider and beer : 
and is approaching the Home Secretary with a 
view to end the hawking of intoxicants on railway 
platforms. At the Federation annual meeting a pro- 
ject for joint Sectional Conferences of Representatives 
from all local Temperance bodies was outlined, anil 
remitted to its Executive for action— with a view to 
rouse the Temperance forces to fight unitedly for 
legal prohibition. Of course it is extremely difficult 
to make headway with a Parliament which is on the 
brink of the grave, and which scarcely seems to have 
time to make its own will before its demise ; but if 
Temperance men really will " make their voices 
heard above all others " the next Parliament will re- 
spond to their demands. The G.W.C.T. is one of the 
hon. sees., and the G.E.Supt. is a member of the 
Executive of the Federation. 

10. The Seventeenth Anniversary op the 
Order.— This was celebrated at headquarters in Bir- 
mingham, on Angust 31 and September 1. Oil the 
Sunday, Bro. Eev. W Mottram.G.W.Ch., preached two 
sermons in the Town Hall to large congregations ; 
and on Monday in the same building, a great demon- 
stration was held, at which Bro. A. Johnstone, J. P., 
ex-sheriff of Essex, presided, and addresses were de- 
livered by several members of your Executive. The 
demonstration was a pronounced success, and several 
very useful additions were made to th« roll of members 

11. The Charter Law Shit.— The G.W.C.T. has in 
his report duly recited the leading points in his case. It 
may lie added that some few months ago Dr. Lees paid 
the whole of the fee to Mr. Wills (the mutually 
chosen referee) amonnting to about £110— ono half 
of wliich we had expressed onr readiness to pay as a 
a matter of course. Late' on Mr. Wills, who had been 
maoea judge,offered to return to Dr.Lees thefeehehal 
thus received for past services if "a drawn battle" 
were made of it. We replied that the fee need not be 
returned as we were quite willing to pay onr half of 
it, but we assented to the suggestion of a 
drawn battle. Dr. Lees' solicitors, however, 
replied that he would not for a moment entertain 
the idea of a drawn battle and so the case has to go on. 
The fact that we offered to pay our half of the above 

Joe has been distorted in the organ of Dr. Lees' Grand 
■radge as an offer on our part to pay half Dr. Lees' costs 
r if he will only drop the case ; and this miss-statement 
is repeated in spite of our announcement that we 
have never done more than concnr iu the suggestion 
of the learned judge to drop the case and let each 
Bide pay ils own costs. The costs hitherto having 
more than exhausted the portion of the Guarantee 
Fond paid in, we have made a call for the fourth 
quarter guarantee, which must be liberally supple- 
mented by new promises — especially in view of the 
fact that the changes wrought by time make it im- 
possible for some of the guarantees to be realised, 

12. Finance.— («) Estimate — Your Executive 
submit the following estimate of the expenditure 
for the ensuing year : — 

Salary of G.W.C.T 400 

Salaries of Manager and Clerks 300 

Rents, Rates, Taxes, Cleaning Offices, Water, 

Coal, Repairs, Ice 

Offico Stationery 

Postages and Telegrams 

Official Forms, Commissions, &c 

G.L. Journals, Dicesis, Reports, See 

Executive Council's Expenses 

G.WCT.'s Travelling Expenses 

R.W.G.L. Tax 

„ Representatives' Expenses 

Fire Insurance ... ... 

Andit \ 

Testimonials and Addresses 

Deputational Expenses 

Exchanges and free distribution of -Watchword," 


Juvenile Temple Department 

Bank Charges 

Political Action Department 
Expenses of G.L. Annual Session 

Deduot.estimated profit on trading „ ... '300 
Leaving ... ,„ £1,365 

Q>) To raise this amount your Executive recommend 
that the tax be continued at Id. per member, per 
inarter (exclusive of the Jd. added for mileage pur- 
ooses) and which on an average of 82,000 tax-paying 
members will realize £1,366 13s. 4d. 

13. Home Mission.— Bro. D. Y.Scott, as the Super- 
intendent of Home Missions has worked indefatigably 
during the year. He has visited most of tbe Districts 
attending meetings, conferences, and sessions ; his 
report gives in details his work and visits. The ac- 
counts presented by the G.W.Sec. also shew the 
financial condition of the mission op to the end of 
January last. In accordance with the suggestion made 
last year, an agent was appointed for the Northern 
:onnties of Northumberland, Durham S., and Cum 
berland, Bro. J. Wrathall has done very valuable 
work in these districts, and has reported iu detail to 
your Executive. It is a source of regret that the 
funds subscribed to this department have not war- 
ranted a further engagement of ag°nts in other parts 
of the jurisdiction. For the further encouragement 
of mission work the charter fee has, in accordance 
with your approval last year, been reduced by a grant 
of half the fee for Lodges and Tempies instituted; 
bat the state of the Home Mission Fund 
did not justify your Executive granting this remission 
after the 1st of February. Grants in tracts, printing, 
cash, and the service of agents for periods varying 
from a week to a month have also been made to 
various districts as detailed in the report of tbe Home 
Mission Superintendent, which we have adopted, and 
submit herewith. 

11 Deaths.— Your Executive sent letters of condo- 
lence to the beieaved relations of the late brothers — 
theRev. G. Edwards, P.G W.Ch. ; G. Thorceloe.P.G G.; 
Rev. F. Wagstaff, P.H.D. ; John Howie, P.Bep. 
R.W.G.L. : Dr. B. Collenette, P.E.W.G.Tr. ; Dr. W. 
Wells, Brown, P.R.W.G.Co. : and other notable 
workers named in the G.W.C.T. 's report. The G.W.M. 
represented us at the very impressive funeral 
of Bro. Edwards ; Bro. Rev. F. E. Winslow, 
P.G.W.Cb., preached the funeral sermon ; tho A.G.Sec. 
subsequently attended the unveiling of the Memo- 
rial Obelisk; and yonr Executive were able to send 
about £100. received from members, to supplement the 
local fund for the bereaved family. The G.W.C.T. 
and G.E.Supt. attended the funeral of Bro. Thorneloe ; 
the G.W.C.T., Ero. Wagstaff, and the G.W.Co. that of 
Bro. Howie. 

Jin, Joseph Liveset, or Preston.— Tho removal 
of the founder and Patriarch of the Temperance 
movement in England, full of years and honours, 
called forth a letter of condolence to the sorrowing 
friends. At the funeral the Order was represented by the 
G.W.Tr.. G.W.M.. and Bro. Mansergh. P.G.W.Coun, 

Bro. John King, who signed the first teetotal pledge, 
which Joseph Livesey framed in 1832, and who has for 
6ome years enjoyed a pension of £10 annually, as the 
result of a collection projected among our Lodges by 
the members in S.E. Lancashire, lately passed away, 
at Southport, at tbe ripe age of 110. Your Executive 
were not advised of his death in time to be represented 
at the funeral. 

1.5. Miscellaneous.— 00 Crystal Palace Fete. 
— At the jointConferenceofthe three societies.National 
Temperance League ; U.K. Band of Hope Union, and 
our own Order, under whose alternate management the 
annual fetes have been held for the lastt hree years, 
t ie first named society declined to take its usual turn 
in managing the fete until 1S8S. Our London 
brethren, thereupon feeling that to allow a break in 
the holding of this great festival would be a distinct 
loss to tbe Temperance movement resolved to under- 
take the responsibility of the fete again this 
year. After correspondence and consideration your 
Executive have accordingly agreed that the Order 
shall assist to tbe utmost of its ability in making this 
great demonstration not less successful than in pre- 
vious years. The Metropolitan District Lodge 
Executives, with Bro. W. Parncutt again as the hon. 
sec, are taking the work up in their usually energetic 
manner. A very special effort should be made this 
year to make it a great success. A special session of 
the G.L. is projected as one of the items on the 

(A) Votes of Congratulation.— Your Executive 
forwarded on behalf of the Order congratulations to 
Bro. Rev. H. J. Boyd, P.G.W.Chap., upon his appoint- 
ment as secretary to the British Temperance Leigue ; 
to Mr. W. S. Caiue, M.P., upon hisappointment as 
Civil Lord of the Admiralty : and to tbe Lord Bishop 
of Exeter, upon his translation to the See of London. 

(c) London Scots Lodge v. Middlesex D.L.— 
Your Executive communicated with both parties to 
this appeal, but neither bad any further evidence to 
submit. Your Executive having carefully considered 
the evidence adduced is of opinion that it is not suffi- 
cient to warrant action against the London Scots 

(<f) Social Science Congress.— Your Executive 
resolved that the Order be represented at future meet- 
ings of this body. 

(0 Barbadoes District Lodge.— This D.L. was 
oomposed of Lodges located in the West In- 
dian Islands of Barbadoes, St. Vincent, St. 
Kitt's, and Grenada ; but as the facilities for 
postal and other communication, Jto,. between these 

: mj than between thorn and 

England direct, the la'ter islands petitioned to work 
directly under this G.I.. This was agreed to, and 
the DL. Charter ha- hen ultimately called in— 
Barbadoes alone not having enough Lodges to support 
a D.L. 

(O Nf.w Book op Odes, Hymns, and Songs.— 
Resolution 51 on last year's digest having been remitted 
to the Executive, a committee has been appointed, 
consisting of the G.W.C.T., G.W.Ch., Bros. J. 
Herbert, P.D.C.T. ; J. W. Hopkins, P.G.M. ; Sister H. 
E. Young, P.G.S.J.T. ; and Bro. R. P. J. 
Simpson, P.D.C.T., as secretary. This committee is 
diligently at work, and will in due course report to 
the new Executive when they have completed tho 
selection they are compiling from many thousands of 

(?) National Prize Essay Competition.— This 
scheme was repeated on the same lines as heretofore. 
Subject— "How to so develop the relationships 
between the Adult and Juvenile Order as to promote 
their mutual advancement and extension.' The 
adjudicators are Bros. Rev. W. Mottram, Preston Weir, 
and T. B. Clark. 

(h) Departure of Bro. R. H. Campbell, D.C.T. 
— In view of this brother's pending departure to Aus- 
tralia, it was resolved to present him with a special 
vote of thanks, to be formally presented at this session. 
The long and valuable service rendered to the Order 
by Bro. Campbell as the oldest D.C.T. in England- 
having served from 1S72— is well known to this Grand 

(0 Special Circular Letters — Special letters 
of the G.W.C.T. and G.W. Sec. dealing with initiation 
fees, reorganisation of mission fund and the creation 
of a Provident Department, were sent to each Lodge, 
inviting their opinion in time to be dealt with at the 
sessions of their respective D.L's. 

(./) New Publications. — In addition to the 
G.W.C.T. '3 large-sized diagram of a barrel of Burton 
ale, of which 11,000 have been sold, a smaller one of 
envelope size has been published and 00,000 have been 
disposed of. The G.W.C.T. has also, at the request of 
the Western Temperance League, designed a diagram 
of a hogshead of cider, in leaflet form, for special 
use in the West of England eider counties, and 10,000 
are already disposed of. Various appliances for the 
Captains' System, as cards, notes, and cases have been 
drafted by the G.W.C.T. and had a good sale. A new 
ribbon for anti-smoking Good Templars being in re- 
quest, the existing ribbon with globe was adopted for 
the purpose, with white bars on each side of the 
globe. The sales have been considerable. A new 
pledge card, more particularly suitable for Senior 
Temples, has been designed and is now readv. 
The material for tho new Juvenile Temple 
regalia, with specially designed badge, has been 
manufactured. A new tract urging theolaims of the 
Juvenile Order, together with several revised tracts, 
hive been published, A series of new Prohibitory 
Tracts, written by the G.E. Supt, and Bro. Rev. R. E. 
Hooppell, are just published by the G.L. Political 
Action Committee. Specimens will be submitted to 
this Grand Lodge. 

(F) Testimonial to Bro. EdwardWood, P.G.W.M. 
—In accordance with resolution passed at the last 
session, your Executive presented Bro. Wood with a 
timepiece, las., as an expression of the esteem in which 
he was held by the G.L. for his work as hon. sec. of 
the Orphanage. 

(0 Military Matters.— Your Executive adopted 
the following ;— (a) That hereafter any Regimental 
Military Sub-Lodges removing into the jurisdiction of 
the.G.L.of England from another G L„ shall beattaohed 
to the Military D.L., and that where Regimental 
Military Lodges now attached to a Civil District 
in England remove from the said District to another 
District in England, the Executive recommend them 
to attach themselves to the Military D.L. (J) That 
any Regimental Military Lodge hereafter instituted 
in this jurisdiction shall be attached to the Military 
D.L. (r) Regimental Military Lodge means a Lodge 
that holds a Charter removahle with tbe regiment. 
00 In the opinion of this Executive "the highest 
authorities" referred to in the R.W.G. Lodge Bye- 
laws. Art. 1 07), so far as this jurisdiction is concerned, 
is th e 3 .L. Executive. 

O) Senior Temple Prizes.— Yonr Exeoutive 
accepted with thanks the offer of Bro. C. Stacy- Watson 
to give prizes of £6 and £1 respectively, in books, to 
form a nucleus for Temperance libraries, to the two 
Senior Temples shewing the largest proportionate 
average attenoance of ordinary members. 

(») Challenge Shields.— In accordance with the 
statistics of member«hio embodied in the reports of 
the G.S.J.T. and G.W.S., the Juvenile Shield is 
awarded to the Monmouth District Lodge, and the 
Adult Shield to the Military District Lodge, the 
latter holding this trophy for the second time. 
Fraternally submitted, 

Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T. 

George Dodds, G.W.Co. 

Lydia A. Walshaw, G.S.J.T. 

John Kempster, G.E Supt. 

A. E.Eccles.G.W.T. 

Jas. J. Woods, G.W.Sec. 

Rev. W. Mottram, G.W.Ch, 

J. B, Collings, G.W.M, 



April 20, 1885 

Most of the items were adopted without debate 
On reaching the section respecting 

The London Scots Lodge 

which shewed that the parties to the appeal had 
both declined to submit any additional evidence 
beyond that already dealt with, and the GX. 
Executive considered that the evidence was not such 
as to justify a forfeiture of the Charter. 

Bro. Retallack-Moloney moved that the appeal 
Bhoald be dealt with by the Grand Lodge, and upon 
the Bame evidence as was submitted to the Middlesex 
District Lodge. 

Bro. Winton seconded this, and took exception to 
the right of Grand Lodge to refer it to a committee, 
with instructions to take fresh evidence ; whereupon 
Bro. J. B. Collinos read the resolution of last 
Grand Lodge, which instructed the Executive to 
obtain such additional evidence as might be forth- 
coming, and justified the action of G.L. and the finding 
of the Executive. 

Bro. Moloney urged that if G.L. wanted fresh 
evidence, it would be more respectful to send the case 
baok for new trial, and that the G.L. went beyond its 
powers in the course pursued. 

Bro. E. Wood then moved to refer the matter to a 
committee of five to consider and report. This was 

Bro. Moloney moved an amendment to the effect 
"That this Grand Lodge went beyond its powers in 
directing the Executive to obtain fresh evidence." 
This amendment was voted upon and lost by a large 
majority, whereupon Bro. Moloney gave notice of 
appeal to the R.W.G.L. 

Bro.WiNTON then addressed the Lodge. He said he 
was sorry he was obliged to leave the Lodge last 
year before this matter was discussed. The 
London Scots Lodge had published to the 
world that none but Scots would be per- 
mitted to enter. After correspondence with Scot- 
land and with the G.W.C.T. they had been called 
upon to withdraw that announcement, and they had 
withdrawn it under protest. They admitted the re- 
striction as to membership, however, and declined to 
withdraw it, saying Grand Lodge would have to take 
action. The G.W.C.T. had informed them that by 
consent of the Order the Scotch character of the Lodge 
might continue, but announcements would be un- 
lawful and would provoke conflict, and cause G.L. to 
revoke the charter. The rejoinder was that no one that 
was not wanted would have the bad taste to apply for 
membership. It was an understood thing that none 
but Scotch should be permitted to enter, unless a 
Scotchman had been unfortunate enough to marry an 
English wife — then they would admic her. They were 
not there to sue for punishment, but to ask that this 
action of exclusion by an unwritten law and 
by practice be condemned by this Grand 
Lodge. The question was vital in Middle- 
sex, and there was no excuse for Buch 
action. The Military system was exceptional, 
bnt the same exclusion did not prevail there, and if 
this were permitted they might have Lodges admit- 
ting none but Churchmen or none but Dissenters. He 
then proposed as a substitute — (laughter)— that this 
Grand Lodge is of opinion that the open and public 
admission of the exclusion of persons from member- 
ship on account of nationality merits the condemna- 
tion of the Grand Lodge, and renders the Lodge liable 
to forfeiture of charter. ' 

Bro. Gibson seconded the " substitute," where- 

Bro. Walshaw proposed as an amendment to the 
amendment No. ( J1 in the Digest— "That the formation 
of Lodges with membership restricted,either expressly 
or tacitly, to any particular class, sect, race, or colour 
is opposed to the principles of the Order." He agreed 
generally with Bro. Winton, but broadly he 
favoured a declaration of the principle, and not 
any harsh measures. They had rubbed out the 
colour line ; would they have any line whatever? It 
would give rise to complications, not only to their 
Scotch brethren but to Naval and Military. All 
Lodges should be open, and there should be no dis- 

Bko. Sergeant Holmes (Military District) would 
like to say that while the Scotch had the ballot they 
need not make such a fuss about it, as they could do as 
they liked, 

Bro. Sharples sup ported *| Bro. .Walehaw's resolu- 
tion, which he considered not too strong. 

Bro. Maliss said it might occasion some surprise 
that he should speak in favour of leaving the Scots 
Lodge alone. It might be possible to excite enthu- 
siasm by drawing parallels between this case and negro 
exclusion in the Southern States, and shew how 
the cases were "on all fours," but he had con- 
sidered the case fully, and had had the 
advantage of presiding at the Middlesex D. 
Lodge during about five hours' debate. Tuis protest 
which might do credit to their hearts, buc it 
would never have been raised but for the gi eater 
question that had arisen where past slavery and 
race exclusion had been the cause of the con tro- 
versy. This little Lodge had no voice here, and no 
one to speak for it. The evidence was indisputable ; 
was started mainly for Scotch person 

them against the rejection of others than 
Scotch. They acknowledged their clannish- 
ness ; birds of a feather flocked together ; and he 
thought that so far as this was an exceptional case it 
was a harmless exception. The object was indicated 
by the name, not for excluding English, but for cap- 
turing the Scotch. Were we injured— was anyone 
injured by this arrangement ? Were we the oppressed 
English race excluded by the Scotch, or crowded out, 
or put into an inferior position ? If there were 50 
Scotoh in that Lodge, there were 500 in 
other Lodges. They used their nationality 
that they might the better sneceed in raising some of 
their own countrymen who might have fallen while 
too fond of whisky. They were a little band, of good 
workers. He could wish we had an English Lodge, or 
one mainly English, working in Edinburgh ; but there 
was greater need in London, as more Scotchmen came 
there than Englishmen went to Scotland. If they 
Id reach any circle they should do it. There was 
the Quaker Lodge, and some members felt that ought 
ot to be. He thought it ought ; not to exclude non- 
Quakers, yet it had a special mission. This Lodge was 
not exclusively Scotch, for English husbands and wives 
were admitted, and he believed that but for these 
proceedings there would be other English folk 
The foundation of the action was that 
some young lady had said that she should have been 
proposed bnt for certain reasons, but she had not, and 
had not requested to be. He had recently instituted the 
Cambridge University Lodge. As its name implied, it 
was intended to do good work among members of the 
University who could meet in a Good Templar Lodge, 
visited by, and visiting others. The same with the 
Scots Lodge; who were visited and officered and would 
be delighted to be crowded with English. He would 
not advise them to strain the laws to injure this little 
Lodge in London with no one here to defend it. 
Bro. Wood's motion to refer was then adopted. 
On presentation of the Committee's report, Bro. 
Winton took exception to its terms. He did not ask 
for any discipline to be exercised, but he feared it 
might be construed into a tacit approval of the un- 
written law of exclusion. 

Bro. Mansergh supported the committee's report, 
but moved that only the latter portion be adopted, 
sanctioning the recommendation of the Executive, and 
stating no reasons. He wished he had half-a-dozen 
such Lodges in his district. This was seconded by 
Bro. Donald Campbell. 

> Bro. Moloney opposed the amendment. It looked 
like doing the act while they were ashamed to own it. 
He again stated some of the circumstances of the 

Bro.ToLTON said they were all equally opposed to 
exclusion. But this bringing of friends together was 
nothing new. They had all heard of the Friends' 

ro. Walshaw again moved No. 91 on the Digest as 
amendment. Tbis was seconded by Bro. 

Bro. Kempster thought the case might be fairly 
met. There was really not much difference between 
them all. If Bro. Winton could confer with the com- 
mittee a short time they ought to be able to arrive at 
a conclusion that would satisfy all. He moved to refer 
the matter back to the committee for further con- 
sideration and conference with the parties concerned. 
This was seconded and adopted. The committee 
brought up the following report at a later stage :— 

" Your committee, whilst submitting for adoption 
sub-section C of section 15 of the Grand Lodge Execu- 
tive's report, would also recommend the adoption of 
the following resolution, viz.: — 

" That this Grand Lodge cannot countenance the 
systematic exclusion of applicants for membership in 
any Lodge on account of nationality, and trusts that 
the members of the London Scots' Lodge, in their laud- 
able desire to promote good fellowship amongst their 
own countrymen, will recognise the vital importance of 
avoiding even the appearance of a spirit of exclusive- 
ness." (Signed) 

Edward Wood. 

J. Walwyn Padfieltj. 

C. Stacy-Watson. 

Mary E. Docwra. 

T. B.Clark. 

The report was unanimously adopted, and the result 
as greeted with hearty cheering. 
The next Bection of the Executive Committee's re- 
port referred to 

The Departure of Bro. R. H. Campbell. 

Bro. Campbell was invited to the platform amid 
loud cheers, and the Lodge was called up in token of 
hearty greeting. 

The G.W.C.T., addressing Bro. Campbell, said he 
had a duty to perform which made him feel extremely 
sad. He was about to retire from them full of honours 
acquired by long and faithful service. It was impos- 
sible to record the services he had rendered. He 
was one of the oldest members of the Grand 
Lodge, and had been D.CT. longer than 
any other. They knew that this must pro- 
bably be the last time he would be with us in this 
world. Inviewofhi3 eminent Bervices the Execu- 
objected to the advertisement, and warned tive had resolved on behalf of the Grand Lodge to 

piesent to him a memorial of their goodwill and 
affection. He went into a district which was com- 
paratively a desert so far as Temperance and Prohibi- 
tory work was concerned — in the S.E. Counties — and he 
had literally honeycombed that District with Good 
Templar Lodges. As a correspondent there was 
no one to excel him ; his knowledge of the Order was 
perfect, and his devotion unceasing. After 12 years' 
work as D.C.T., his District had latterly attained aa 
high a pitch as ever, and his District Lodge was one 
of the best he ever attended— and never met in other 
than the Third Degree. He had now to present him 
the following address, which he read. 

Dear Sir and Bho.,— We, the Executive Committee 
of the Grand Lodge, cannot allow you to depart from 
our shores without giving this expression to our hearty 
sense of the services you have so long rendered to our 
beloved Order. 

Among those who have represented this Grand 
Lodge as the head of their respective districts, you 
stand in the honourable position of having served 
the longest, your continuous services dating from the 
institution of East Kent District Lodge on April 4, 
1873, until now, a period of 13 years. 

Tour untiring devotion to your local duties, 
your promptness as a correspondent, your 
full acquaintance with the laws, rules and usages 
of the Order, your eloquence as a public advocate, 
your ability as the presiding officer of your District 
Lodge, and your unswerving loyalty to our cause, 
make us feel that, while your departure to a distant 
land will be a great loss to us, it will be no small 
gain to the Queensland brethren of our world-wide 
fraternity. — Wishing you every success in all your 
future work, we remain, in Faith, Hope, Charity, and 
Justice, Joseph Malins. G.W.C.T. ; George Dodds, 
G.W.C. ; Lydia A. Walshaw, G.S.J.T. ; John 
Kempster, G.E.S. ; Emily Edwards, G.W.V.T. ; 
Jas. J. Woods, G.W.S. ; A. E. Eccles, G.W.T. ; 
W. Motteam, G.W.Ch. ; J. B. Collings, G.W.M. 
G.L. Office, Birmingham, February 15, 1885. 
Bro. Campbell then responded, and was received 
with hearty cheers. He had been a member almost 
ever since the Order was introduced, and had attended 
11 sessions of this Grand Lodge. During that time 
he had never tried the patience of Grand Lodge by at- 
tempting a speech, and now his heart was too full, 
and the fact was too palpably before them. He was, 
doubtless, addressing them for the last time, 
and when they next assembled it would be in 
one common gathering on the other side of 
sr, where the whole family in Heaven 
and on earth would be assembled to know no 
parting. He could say, after 14 years' knowledge and 
intimate acquaintance of the Order, that it was the 
noblest Order that exists for combatting the greatest 
evil in the country. They had only to work out Good 
Templary on its own lines to realise its meaning, and 
to consecrate their work to the Master, and it was 
needless to travel outside the Order for a Gospel Tem- 
perance organisation. He had never been three 
nths without the G.W.C.T. 's commission; only one 
fortnight during the 14 years, and on application he 
then received an Honorary Deputy's commission. If ^ 
any man had had an opportunity of studying the 
the character of the G.W.C.T. he had. He had never 
asked any personal favour ; but he had observed him 
in every administrative capacity, and he had never 
known him do anything to which he could take ex- 
ception. He should be leaving this day week, and ex- 
pected to arrive in a few weeks. He had no doubt of 
a safe arrival, as that ship would be the subject of 
many prayers, but if it did not arrive it would be for 
some good purpose of the Divine will. In leaving 
them, he loved the Order more than ever. 
He left his work in the good hands of 
Bro. Weston. He could not tell them of 
all the tokens of love receive! from his people, in 
many instances that were not expected. In one case, 
when he had been compelled to exercise discipline 
and thought he had given offence beyond recall, he 
had received a letter thanking him for what he had 
done, blessing God, attributing the writer's rescue to 
his conduct, and praying God's richest blessing. He 
loved them with the strongest love. In conclusion, he 
said—' 1 God bless your chief, and all your officials ; 
bless you in all your deliberations ; be true to the 
Order, and to the teachings of your Third 
Degree, and may G od give triumphant success 
to your efforts to rescue the fallen and to save others 
from falling." Bro. Campbell then resumed his seat 
amid very hearty applause. 

address was very beautifully illuminated on 
vellum, and most handsomely bound iu gilt morocco. 
On the reverse side to the address were tha photo- 
giaphic portraits of every member of the Grand Lodge 
Executive, and the intrinsic and artistb value of the 
whole was very highly appreciated by the recipient 
and by all who were privileged to inspect it. 

The Military District.— The section of the I 
Executive's Report dealing with the Military District 
and urging that Districts where Military Lodges now 
existed,not associated with the Military District, such 
Lodges Bhould be recommended, on removal, to join 
the Military District, was considered. 
Bro. Smith, W.D.3. Military District, znov<?J to \ 

April 20, 1885. 



make it obligatory by amending the report to read 
"shall be attached." This was seconded, whereupon 

Bro. Walshaw moved to vote both down, so that 
there should be no distinction, and all should work 
on one line. 

Bro. 0. G. L. Jones, D.C.T., urged Bro. Smith's 
amendment, and asked G.L. to eupport the Military 
District which had done to much to extend their 

The recommendation of the Executive was adopted. 

The next clause of the report was the vote of 

Thanks to Bko.C.Stacey- Watson for his generous 
gifts of prizes of £6 and £1 for prize libraries to the 
two Senior Temples shewiDg the largest proportionate 
average attendance of ordinary members. This pas- 
sage of the report was very heartily adopted, and the 
G.W.C.T. accorded the vote to Bro. Stacey-Watson 
amid the cheers of Grand Lodge. 

Presentation of Challenge Shields. 

The last olanse of the Executive's report referred to 
theChallenge Shields andawarded the Juvenile Shield 
to the Monmouth District Lodge,and the Adult Shield 
to the Military District Lodge, the latter holding this 
trophy for the second time. Upon the adoption of 
this section the representatives of these two Districts 
were called up. 

The G.W.C.T., addressing the representatives of the 
Military District, said they had won this shield for the 
second time by hard toil and persistent effort. He 
urged other Districts to try to prevent their winning 
it a third time also. He was delighted at their 
winning it a second time. The other day the name of 
a winning horse at some races was telegraphed to the 
army in the Soudan. It would reflect greater honour 
to telegraph to their comrades there that the Military 
District had won the Challenge Shield. To that shield 
they were now heartily welcome. 

He was proud that the Monmouth District had now 
the Juvenile Shield, and advised them to take similar 
measures to secure the Adult Shield next year, so as to 
prevent it again falling into the hands of their military 

Bro. Jones, replying for the Military District, said 
he received the shield with no ordinary feelings. He 
had been 13§ years a Good Templar, and after service 
in many parts of the world, he could say this was the 
proudest moment of his life. It was not won without 
excessive hard work and exceptional difficulties. They 
were indebted to earnest workers^in Egypt who were 
entitled to no Bmall credit. He must mention the name 
of Bro. J. E. Parker, at Alexandria, who had worked 
hard instituting foreign Lodges, and had done re- 
markably well. He was present at the institution 
of the fiiBt Lodge in Cairo. Their brethren 
in Egypt encountered great physical temptation. He 
should like to telegraph to them the news of this 
presentation. It would be an incentive to them to 
increased effort, and he hoped to win it again. 

Bro. Smith also added a few words for the Military 
District. He considered it a greater honour than the 
award of military honours, of which he had re- 
ceived many of distinction, bat not so great 
as that he acknowledge 1 to-day. As in the days of 
chivalry they threw down the gauntlet, so he now 
threw down the challenge to other Districts to wrest 
that shield from the Military District in the coming 

Bro. Brown then acknowledged the juvenile trophy 
for the Monmouth District. They were intent upon 
retaining it at the end of the year, and in addition 
they would do their best to win the Adult Shield to 
keep it company. 

The two handsome shields were displayed on the 

?latform during the session, and were greatly admired, 
hey are most artistic productions of intrinsic value, 
in solid metal, beautifully mounted in strong cases, 
and are the gift of Bro. R. P. J. Simpson, P.G.W.C.T. 

At a later stage of the proceedings, Bro. R. H. 
Campbell moved, and Bro, Weston seconded, "That a 
telegram be at once despatched to Suakim announcing 
the victory of the Military District in winning the 
Challenge Shield." This was unanimously and heartily 

Sister M. Lucas, P.G.W.Y.T., then submitted 

The Orphanage Report. 

as follows : 


It is with satisfaction that your committee report 
that there are now in the Orphanage 30 boys and 26 
girls, who have been received from no fewer than 16 
counties, viz, : — Beds, Berks, Devon, Dorset, Durham, 
Gloucester, Hants, Kent, Lancashire, Middlesex, 
Stafford, Surrey, Sussex, Suffolk, Warwick, and Wor- 
cester, On no previous occasion have there been so 
many children in the Home, or so many oonnties 
represented. With this growth in our family there 
necessarily comes a corresponding increase in the 
expenditure and the need for an augmented income. 
Upon our members we mainly rely to supply this. 

The health of the children has been good, no case of 
serious illness having occurred during the year. 

Their progress in scholarship has also been satisfac- 
tory, as shewn in the report of Her Majesty's inspec- 
tor after his examination in May last. At the last 
Annual Session of Grand Lodge 

last, ac une last 
were able to state I 

that the school had been placed on the Annual Grant 
list, and we are now glad to report the receipt of the 
first grant from the Education Department to our 
school. . 

On the retirement of Bro. E. Wood from the Hon. 
Secretaryship, Bro. S. R. Rolfe, P.G.S.J.T., was ap- 
pointed to that position, and in his new capacity has 
displayed the same devotion and energy that have 
characterised him in connection with other depart- 
ments of Temperance work. 

The contributions from our Lodges have this year 
amounted to £554 17s. 7d.,and from Juvenile Temples, 
£120 7s. lljd. This is £51 more than was last year 
contributed by them to the General Fund, but £70 
less than in the previous year. The year's income, 
apart from the Building Fond, amounted to £1,053. 
The Building Fund receipts are £267. Total receipts, 

Towards the building account we have this year 
received a special gift of £100 from Mrs. C. Ford, 
daughter of our late Bro. J. Wright, of Sydenham, who 
on his death-bed expressed a desire that a donation 
should be sent to the Orphanage, and, although there 
was no legal bequest, Mrs. Ford carried her father's 
wishes into effect by forwarding the above-named sum 
to onr institution, for which we here record our 
sincere thanks. 

Our thanks are also due to the Crystal Palace Fete 
Committee, from whom we have received £50, and to 
the members of the Order in West Gloucester District 
who organised a bazaar, which resulted in £11 6s. 3H. 
being handed over to our funds. If our sisters and 
brethren in other Districts would make an effort in a 
similar direction the heavy debt which rests upon the 
property, and which is a source of anxiety to the 
Board, would speadily be removed ; or a simple gift 
of Is. each from our adult members would effect a 
similar result. 

With our growing responsibilities, and the rapidly 
increasing number of applicants for admission, we 
feel the necessity of making an earnest appeal to both 
adult and Juvenile Templars to assist our Institution 
by their gifts and collections, so that it may attain 
that position which a Home for the Fatherless, having 
the sanction and support of an organisation like ours, 
ought to occupy. 

Submitted in Faith, Hope, and Charity, 

Margaret B. Lucas. 
Emily Edwards. 
Joseph Malins. 
Fred. W. Dimbleby 
R. H. Campbell. 

Bro. E. WOOD announced that photographs of Bro. 
R. H. Campbell had been presented by Bro. Weston, and 
that the entire proceeds of their sale would be given to 
the Orphanage. He also announced that a bazaar and 
sale of work would be held at the Orphanage in 
August next, and he invited sisters to send contribu- 
tions daring the Bummer months. The report was 

On Wednesday afternoon Bro. W. T. Raper, G.W.C.T 
of Wales (English) occupied the chair, when 

The Election of Officers 
was proceeded with. Daring the intervals of some of 
the later elections other business intervened, but we 
will not intercept the report. First came the nomi- 
nation for the office of 

Grand Worthy Chief Templar.— Bro. Joseph 
Malins was nominatsd, and there being no other 
nomination, the ballot was cast, and Bro. Malins was 
for the 16th time declared unanimously elected 
to the chief office in the Grand Lodge, and was 
greeted with hearty and prolonged cheering. 

Grand Worthy Counsellor.— Bro. Geo. Dodds 
was again nominated, and there was no other nomi- 
nation. Bro. Dodds was, therefore, declared unani- 
mously re-elected, and heartily applauded. 

Grand Superintendent of Juvenile Temples. 
—Sister Lydia Walshaw was alone nominated, and 
unanimously re-elected, and greeted with hearty ap- 

Grand Electoral Superintendent. — Bro. John 
Kempster was nominated and also unopposed, and 
unanimously re-elected, and similarly greeted with 
great heartinesp. 

Grand Worthy Vice Templar.— For this office 
there were five nominations, viz., Sister Eccles, N.E. 
Lancashire; Sister Robson, W.Cheshire; Sister Browne, 
Middlesex : Sister Haefner, Sussex ; Sister Collings, E. 

Short speeches were made by the proposers on the 
merits of their respective candidates. 

After the first ballot, the choice lay between Sisters 
Eccles, Robaon, and Browe, and, on the third ballot, 
Sister Eccles received 81 votes and Sister Robson 
100. Sister Mrs. Robson, of West Cheshire, was then 
declared duly elected. 

Grand Worthy Secretary. — For this office there 
were two nominations : — Bro. J. B. Collings, G.W.M., 
and Bro. J. G. Tolton, P.W.D.S., Lancashire, S.E. 
After addresses on the merits of the candidates, the 
votes resulted as follows: — Bro. Collings, 132 ; Bro. 
Tolton, 48. Bro. Collings was declared duly elected. 

Grand Worthy Treasurer,— For this office there 

were two nominations:— Bro. E. Wood, P.G.W.M.; and 
Bro. J. Derrington, D.C.T.. Worcester. Bro. Dernng- 
ton received 86, and Bro. Wood 95 votes, and was de- 
clared duly elected. 

Grand Worthy Chaplain.— For this office there 
were nine nominations, as follows : — ■ 

Bro. Rev. Joseph Aston, Salop. 

Bro. Rev. William Maiuprize, Lincoln; 

Bro. Rev. W. T. Ennor, Isle of Wight. 

Bro. Rev. William Spnrgeon, Worcester. 

Bro. Rev. Robert Rew, Mid Somerset. 

Bro. Rev. S. J. South wood, Beds. 

Bro. Joshua Moseley, South Durham. 

Bro. Rev. Enoch Franks, S.W. Lancashire, 

Bro. Rev. George Coates, S.E. Lancashire. 
After the first ballot, Bros. Aston, Mainprize, Spur- 
geonandRew were again voted upon. The candi- 
dates were then reduced to Bros. Aston, Spurgeon and 
Rew ; then to Bros. Aston and Spurgeon ; and even- 
tually Bro. Spurgeon received 66 votes, and Bro. Aston 
99, and the latter was declared duly elected. 

Grand Worthy Marshal.— As usual, a large 
number of nominations were made for this office. The 
candidates were . — 

Bro. W. Winton, Middlesex. 

Bro. C. Gibson, Durham, N. 

Bro. J. G. Tolton, Lincashire, S.E. 

Bro. H. J. Osborn, Gloucestershire, W. 

Bro. Sergeant-Major Phillips, Kent, E. 

Bro. W. H. Brown, Monmouth. 

Bro. James Brown, Northumberland.*; 

Bro. B. Tree, Sussex." " m * 

Bro. Sergeant Holmes, Hants, S. 

Bro. P. W. H. Richards, Staffordshire, W. 

Bro. J. Eii wards, Lancashire, S.E. 

Bro. W. Woodall, York?., E. 

Bro. Josiah Derrington, Worcester. 

Bro. E, Brooks, Notts. 

Bro. T. W Fines, Derby. 

Bro. G. W. Miller, Cambs. 

Bro. W. Dodgson, Durham, S. 

After the first vote the following were again 

balloted upon :— Bros. Winton, Phillips, Edwards, 

Derrington, Dodgson, Upon the final ballot Bro. 

Derrington received 101 votes and Bro. Winton 75 

votes, and Bro. Derrington was declared duly elected. 



For the honour of representing the Grand Lodge at 

the forthcoming session of R.W.Grand Lodge to be 

held at Stockholm, in Sweden, in the early^ part of 

July next, there were no fewer than 36 nominations, 

as follows : — 

Sister Brown, Northumberland. 

Sister Browne, Middlesex. 

Bro. J. Binnington, Yorks., S.W. 

Bro. D. Campbell, Berks. 

Bro. J. B. Collings, Lancashire, S.W. 

Bro. G. Cooper, Sussex. 

Bro. J. Coster, Kent, Mid. 

Bro. J. Derrington, Worcester, 

Bro. W. Dodgson, Durham, S. 

Sister A. Gray, Belgium. 

Sister Haarnack, Middlesex. 

Bro. J. Harrison, Cheshire, W. 

Bro. W. T. Heap, Lancashire, S.E. 

Bro. W. Hobkirk, Northumberland. 

Bro. W. C. Holmwood, Dorset. 

Bro. N. W. Hubbard, Surrey, E. and M. 

Sister Catherine Impey, Somerset, Mid. 

Bro. Samuel Insull, Middlesex. 

Bro. J. Kempster, Essex. 

Sister Margaret Lucas, Middlesex. 

Bro. Rev. James Mackenzie, Durham, N. 

Bro. R. Mansergb, Lancashire, N. 

Sister Mrs. Mansergh, Lancashire, N. 

Bro. Rev. W. Mottram, Gloucester, W. 

Sister H. J. Osborn, Gloucester, W. .' 

Bro. Jas. Rae, Naval. 

Bro. Rev. Robert Rew, Somerset, Mid. 

Bro. W. H. Richardson, Durham, N. 

Bro. Rev. W. A. Rodger, Hants, S. 

Bro. J. G. Rogers, Hants, S. 

Bro. D. Y. Scott, Cumberland, W. 

Sister Walshaw, Yorks, N.W. 

Sister Mary White, Warwick, 

Bro. J. Wilshaw, Stafford. 

Bro. W. Winton, Middlesex. 

Bro. W. Woodall, York, E. 
It was necessary that the elected representatives 
should obtain a majority of all votes cast. Seven 
representatives had to be chosen, and the next highest 
were elected as alternates to fill vacancies in caso any 
of the elected representatives might be unable to 
attend. On the first ballot 171 votes were oast, making 
86 necessary to election, and only two were elected — 

Bro. Kempster 103 votes. 

Bro. Mansergh 86 „ 

and these two were declared duly elected. A second 
ballot was then taken, which resulted in only one 
election, viz.: — 

Bro. D. Y. Scott 82 votes. 

On the third ballot, after an urgent request that 
voters would desist from plumping, and vote for four 



April 20, 1885. 

candidates so as to secure an election, the following 
was the further result : — 

Bro. J. B. Collings ... .„ ... 0G votes. 

Sister C. Impey *J5 

Bro. W. Winton 01 ]' 

Bro. J. Derrington 89 „ 

And the foregoing seven were accordingly eleoted, to- 
gether with the following as alternates :— 

Sister Gray (Belgium) 85 votes. 

Bro. Rev. J. Mackenzie S3 ,, 

Sister Walshaw 78 „ 

Bro. Rev. W Mottram 73 votes on the final ballot, 71 
votes having been necessary to an election. 

Debates on Political Aotion. 

"Upon the consideration of the report of the G.E.S., 
which appeared in Watchword of April fi, p. 211, 
exception was taken by Bro. Seaman to the reference 
made to 

The Hyde Park Demonstration, 
on the ground that it was an introduction of party 
politics, but Bro. Kempster contended that all the 
parties had contended they were equally anxious to 
promote the enfranchisement of the two million new 
voters, and the passage was adopted by an overwhelm- 
ing majority. 

Some considerable discussion ensued upon Section 
IV., referring to 

The Alleged Misrepresentations to the Prime 

The report was ultimately unanimously adopted, 
with the understanding that the proposed memorial 
to the Prime Minister, as to the deliverances of a 
conference held at the offices of the Church of England 
Temperance Society, be revised by the G,L. Executive. 

On reading Section IX, referring to 

The Poole Perjury Case, 
Bro. Kempster made a statement of the facts of the 
case, which elicited a very strong feeling of indigna- 
tion. He strongly urged the representatives and all 
present not only to sign the petition he had prepared, 
but to consider themselves pledged to do all in their 
power in their several districts to force the case upon 
the attention of Parliament, and to give themselves 
no rest till Williams was released. It was suggested 
that the words in the resolution attributing 
animus to the judge be omitted, but Bro. Kemp3ter 
urged their retention on the ground that they were 
bo palpably true. The conduct of the judge was the 
one ground of their appeal to Parliament and the 
oountry, and it was useless to ignore it. He would 
urge them to contend for the removal of the judge 
from the Bench, as a man who had proved himself 
utterly unfit for the responsibility ; and if 
it was the duty of a Home Secretary to 
investigate cases where there had been so gross a 
miscarriage of justice, and he declined to interfere, lest 
he might be called upon to censure a judge, then he 
submitted that the Home Secretary himself was not 
fit for the office, and that he too ought to be removed. 
No man's liberty was secure if it was to be sworn 
away by such a combination, and bo far as he 
might be able he was prepared to stand at every street 
corner in Derby and appeal to the sense of justice of 
every working man there to secure the rejection of 
Sir William Harcourt if he continued to sanction the 
suffering of penal servitude by an innocent man under 
such atrocious circumstances. 

Bro. John Mann also added a few words, calling 
attention to the circumstances under which Baron 
Huddleston was unseated as M.P. for Norwich for 
bribery and corruption, and this section of the report 
vas adopted with an evident sense of determination 
to follow up the necessary agitation for the release of 
Detective Williams. 

Report of Committee on Political Action. 
G.W.C.T., Officers and Members. 

Your Committee have held three meetings 
during the year ; two in Manchester and one in 
London, and have considered various matters con- 
nected with the political organisation and work of the 

Your Committee have considered the matters 
referred to them by this Grand Lodge, and report as 
follows :— 

Resolutions in the Digest. 
Supervision of Political Action. 

1. Recognising the vast importance of the Political 
Work of the Order, this Lodge is of opinion that the 
Grand Electoral SiipC'rintcndpnt should have similar con- 
trol over the Political Department of our Order as that 
exercised by the Grand Superintendent of Juvenile 

' emplars over his department. And with the view also 
tithe purpose of securing uniformity in the titles, it is 
csolved that in future (in lieu of the present Bystem of 
..electoral Deputies with commissions issued by the 
Grand Worthy Chief Templar, countersigned by the 
Grand Electoral Superintendent) the Grand Electoral 
Superintendent shall commission Officers to be known as 
District Electoral Superintendents in District Lodges, as 
Electoral Superintendents in Subordinate Lodges, and 
Constituency Superintendents in constituencies where 
necessary.— SuititEY E. and M., Devon E. 

2. To amend Art. iw, Sec. 4, District Lodge Constitu- 
tion, by inserting before the word 1 'shall" in first line 

"shall supervise the Political Work, and in districts 
where there is no Political Council," so as to harmonise 
that section with the preceding section.— ■ Surrey K. 
and M. 

3. To amend Art. xr., Sec. 2, Grand Lodge Bye- 
laws, by adding thereto : — "He shall exercise supervision 
over the Political Work of the Order; commission such 
officers as the Constitution or usages may require j pro* 
vide for the institution of District Political Councils, and 
discharge such other duties as the interests of the Political 
aspect of the Order may require ; presenting a full report 
at oach session."— ScruiEY E. and M. 

Your Committee recommend the adoption of the 
foregoing resolutions. 

Failure to appoint E.D's. 

4. The G.L. be requested to authorise District 
Executives to appoint an Electoral Deputy fur any Sub- 
Lodge which fails to recommend one.— Gloucester E. 

Your Committee lecommend that in view of the 
recommendations previously adopted, the chaope 
herein proposed be not at present attempted. 

5. That this D. L. do earnestly urge upon the G.L, 
the necessity of doing something to bring in a Bill for 
Sunday Closing and Local Option, and support the same. 
— Worcester, 

Your Committee deem it desirable, as far as 
practicable, to co-operate with the Sunday Closing 
Associations and the United Kingdom Alliance, with 
respect to the introduction to Parliament of Bills 
for these two objects respectively, and are of opinion 
that a needless multiplication of measures will only 
tend to disintegrate the foroes at command, and to 
weaken that united effort by which alone successful 
legislation can be hoped for. 

6. That suitable forms be provided by G.L. for E.D.'s 
to report quarterly to the CD. or D.E.D.— 
Gloucester, E. 

Your Committee recommend that such forms be 
provided, to be supplied to the D.E.D's, where desired, 
for use in their respective Districts, and that their 
regular use be recommended ; but that such quarterly 
forms be in addition to the annual forms now 
in use. 

Your Committee have considered the resolution 
headed ''Political Action," in the G.W.C.T.'s Report, 
recommending a revision of the Bye-laws, and are of 
opinion that the revision proposed by the E. and M. 
Surrey District Lodge will tend in this direction. 

Your Committee have considered the Report of the 
Grand Electoral Superintendent, and recommend its 

Your Committee recommend the adoption of the 
following resolutions : — 

1. Temperance Political Education, and the 
Direct Local Veto. — This Grand Lodge would 
earnestly press upon the consideration of every Lodge 
and every member. of the Order in the English juris- 
diction, the urgent importance of taking immediate 
and well organised measures for fully informing the 
existing and newly enfranchised Parliamentary 
electors of the baneful results of the liquor 
traffic, and of the glaring injustice of its being 
forced into parishes and districts where the in- 
habitants do not require its existence ; and that 
the electors be urged by all persuasive means to 
make their demands in this matter as public and 
prominent and persistent as possible, and to withhold 
their sympathy and votes from all candidates who will 
not promise to vote in Parliament for granting to the 
inhabitants of districts a full and direct veto upon the 
issue of all licences for the sale of intoxicating 
liquors, whatever may be the nature of the licensing 

2. English Sunday Closing.— That this Grand 
Lodge would urge upon its members and upon the 
friends of Temperance, morality, and religion, the 
importance of giving the most active and uncom- 
promising support to a measure for the total closing 
of all licensed drink-shops during the whole of 

3. General Temperance Legislation.— That 
this Grand Lodge would urge its members to give 
their active support to all ameliorative Temperance 
measures that may be introduced to Parliament, such, 
for example, as the abolition of grocers' licences, 
the shortening of hour3 for the sale of the 
drink, the closing of public-houses upon election 
days, the abolition of the cider truck system, the 
closing of drink clubs, the prevention of the "bound 
houses " system, the prohibition of licences at railway 
stations, and on steamboats, &&, &c. : and would also 
recommend increased activity in seeking to place 
upon Municipal Governing bodies men who are 
favourable to sound Temperance Legislation. 

4. Moving the New Parliament.— That this 
Grand Lodge instructs the Political Action Com- 
mittee immediately after the assembling of the 
coming now Parliament, to prepare and present 
on its behalf, a memorial urging the Government to 
lose no time in introducing an oft-promised measure 
on the lines of the thrice-adopted resolutions of the 
House of Commons, placing "in the hands of the 
persons most deeply interested and affected, namely 
the inhabitants themselves, legal power of restraining 
the issue or renewal of licences " for the sale of 
intoxicating drinks. 

5. New Literature.— Your Committee would 
strongly urge the immediate and wide circulation of the 

recent political addresses published by the Grand 
Lodge, namely, "The Direct Local Veto"; "The 1 
Vote for Vote" ; and "A New Political Party " ; also J 
the leaflet issued by the TJ. K. Alliance, entitled, 
" The New Voters." 

Submitted in Faith, Hope, and Charity. 

J. Derrington, Worcester. 

W. Dodgson, Durham, South. 

John Mann, Surrey, E.and M. 
" J. W. Padfield, Gloucester, Wefit. 

J.H.Retallack-Moloney, Middleser 

John Kempster, Essex, Chairman, 

Re-organisation of the Political Department. 
The discussion of the various sections of the report 
of the Political Action Committee proceeded at 
the intervals of voting during the election of officers, 
and afterwards. Upon the first section having been 
submitted, recommending the adoption of the resolu- 
tion from E. and M. Surrey, 

Changing Deputies into Superintendents 

and oausing them to be commissioned by the Grand 
Electoral Superintendent, 

Bro. Malins said this question was a large one. 
He certainly had more deputies than he could 
well look after. If the G.E.S. should commission 
those under him, their titles should certainly be 
changed. Holding deputies' commissions, however, 
save qualification for G.L. Degree, and he doubted if. 
the change would give more honour to the office 
They could, however, legislate that Superintendents 
be qualified for Grand Lodge Degree. The proposal 
was a novelty, except so far as they had a precedent in 
the Juvenile department. The main difficulty, ho 
feared, might arise in case of two officers coming into 
power who might be in conflict. If it worked badly 
they could not go back, and it was well to ask 
whether the possible difficulty would be compensated 
by the advantages. At present Bro. Kempster en- 
dorsed every commission and it is known the deputies 
represent him, at the same time representing the 
G.W.C.T. In case a Lodge nearly breaks down, a 
second deputy exists, and a second installing officer. 
He scarcely knew a hair's breadth difference of opinion 
between Bio. Kempster and himself, and hehad no 
personal apprehensions in the matter ; but they did not 
know how soon others might take their plaoes and 
difficulty might arise. They had also to consider 
economy, and he was not certain the cost would be bo 
small. He thought the change was not needful, and 
the result might not be a good one. 

Bro. Dimdleby thought Bro. Malins had somewhat 
answered himself. With respect to any advantage of 
having two deputies in a Lodge, they bad got on very 
11 without two before the Electoral Deputy existed, 
and he thought if the Lodges were coosultcd they 
would rather have only one. As to expense, the forms 
might still go from the G.L. office, and he did not 
imagine the G.E.S. would have them printed else- 
where. He thought the chance more likely to avoid 
friction, because it would be better understood that 
the duties of electoral superintendents were confined 
to political work. 
Bro. Tolton thought the multiplication of deputies 
minished the honour of holding the offices. Deputies 
;re not thought more of than the registrars for- 
erly were. He had heard representatives say it was 
► use coming to District Lodge there were so many 
deputies to settle any question that arose. As to the 
D.E.D.s, if it was desirable, they all knew the way to 
make them commissioned officers. 

Bro. Hubbard thought it no advantago to have 
two deputies in a Lodge, and that it was a delusion to 
imagine thit friction would arise. Experience in D.L, 
shewed that a real live E.D. created no friction, but 
stirred others up in this particular part of the work. 
He supported the change on the grounds of Bro. 
Malins' words at the Political Conference, that tho 
G.E.S. should have a living touch of those working with 
him. The G.E.S. should have the strings in his 
hands, and be able to pull them just at the right 

Bro. Kempster, as Chairman of the Committee, 
replied. He thought there was not much left to be 
said. The change was not of his proposing, and he had 
never suggested it. He should always esteem it an 
honour to sign his name on any document after that 
of Bro. Malins, as the head o? the Order. The 
suggestion arose last year and he then concurred 
in the proposal that the G.E.S. should countersign the 
commissions. It had come up again this year, and 
been referred to the committee who supported it. and 
uhilsthe had no strong feeling about it,be was bound 
to say his convictions favoured the change. He was 
not in love with any system of personal deputies. 
Some years since the Districts preferred that their 
elected chief officers should be called District Chief 
Templars, in token that they were the chiefs of those 
who elected them rather than the deputies of 
any individual, however high. He did not want to 
urge any change ; it might be useful and desirable 
still to appoint deputies to represent the chief officer 
in instituting Lodges aud perform other duties by 
deputy which properly devolved upon the head of the 
Order ; but he thought it was not a system to be un- 
duly extended, and as there was an evident desire for 

April 20, 1885. 



this change on the part of a large number of those 
elected in the Lodges 'to supervise the political work. 
he recommended the adoption of the committee's 

The recommendation of the committee was then 
adopted, and, in purrnance of notice, Bro. Kempster 
proposed the adoption of a bye-law to make it opera- 
tive. This was adopted by over a two-thirds vote 
when the yeas and nays were called .but on counting 
the call it was found that the call was not supported 
by a fifth of the representatives present, and the bye- 
law was therefore adopted. 

Resolution four on the Digs st was then considered. 
which proeposed to authorise District Executives to 
appoint an E.D. for any Snb-Lodge failing to elect one. 
The recommendation of the committee that this be not 
at present attempted was discussed, and ultimately 

Resolution five was also dealt with in accordance 
with the committee's recommenclation,' as was also 
Resolution six. 

With regard to the recommendation in the 
G.W.C.T.'s report, the committee brought in a sup- 
plementary resolution, not contained in their report 
as originally printed, and with special reference to 

Enlarged Political Organisation. 

" That, in view of the prospect of a general electi 
this Grand Lodge directs the Political Action Committee 
to organise a council of political workers in the Ord; 
whose special duties shall be to organise active etforts 
the various districts of the jurisdiction." 

Bro. Kempster remarked that the suggestion of the 
G.W.C.T. in his report gave no definite proposal o 
which the committee could base a proposal, but h: 
remarks at the Conference led up to a suggestion 
which they desired to carry out as set forth by th' 
resolution. Such a council could meet in sections 
representing groups of Districts, and the individual 
members could take political oversight in their several 

Bro. Rev. J. Mackenzie inquired how far this ar- 
rangement would ignore existing officials. 

Bro. Musk supported the resolution ; he thought it 
would help forward the work. 

Bro. Malins thought that by the appointment of 
these provincial councils the strong would be able to 
help the weak, and they would find that the best man 
would be found leading the District. But he thought 
they conldnotdo much unless they had a Parliamentary 
agent. As a Grand Lodge representing 80,000 mem- 
bers, they ought to have the whole brain of one man 
engaged in this political work ; one who would be a 
right-hand man to their G.E.S., a true and good 
trenohman, When they had Bills before Parliament 
they were scarcely able to communicate with the 
M.P.s because their clerks in Birmingham were 
full handed and Bro. Kempster could not, 
with his other duties and responsibilities, give the 
requisite time. It was a great deal for him to say, 
but he would give a few pounds a year towards any 
Buch effort ; they wanted not so much a platform man 
as a thinker ; ono who might scarcely be seen.but who 
would be pulling the wires. He would like to move 
as an addition to the Report :— 

"That in the opinion of this Grand Lodge it would 
facilitate our woik if this Grand Lodge had a Parlia- 
mentary agent to help forward the political action of 
this Grand Lodge." 

Bro. Dimbleb y said this was a practical question of 
£ s. d. Where was the money to come from 1 When 
they looked at G.L. finances, they needed help ; the 
Home Mission Fund was overdrawn ; the Charter Suit 
costs were unpaid and others pending. Was there any 
reasonable probability of raising more money for this 
work? He deprecated creating new financial re- 
sponsibilities that would bind us in the future and 
prevent our most important work being done, 
that of keeping and binding our members. Onr first 
attention, should be given to building up the Sub- 
Lodges ; we could then carry on our political work, 
for we should have the constituency with which to do 
it and should do our utmost to make it sucoeBsful. 

Bro. Wilson liked the idea of the G.W.C.T., but 
meanwhile if we oould not get that it would be well 
to enlarge the committee, and he moved 

" That the Grand Electoral Committee be enlarged, 
and that each member may have the oversight ol 
eleotoral work in his respective locality, with powei 
to arrange for conferences on political work, and to pro 
vide prohibition candidates wherever practicable. ' 
Bro. Rogers seconded this resolution. 
Sister C. Impey said that as an Order we occupied a 
new position, because of the extended franchise. We 
now had a much larger number of voters in our 
Lodges. Before they had nothing to awaken thei 
political interest ; their members had therefore re 
mained ignorant of politics, and we ought to 
make a speoial effort to educate them. She 
approved the idea of a special agent being 
appointed ; she did not beliove the difficulty about 
money need bo feared ; the difficulty was to rouBe 
enthusiasm ; to circulate the thrill that this nen 
power should awaken. She wished that women, too 
were enfranchised, and urged this subject upon the 
full consideration of Grand Lodge. 

Bro. Clark (S.W. Lane.) said the most important 
work was to educate our members in the county divi 

sions, rather than in the boroughs where the work 
was not known, and he recommended the extension 
of the committee already in existence. They could 
then form political councils in various districts, and 
get candidates to support their views. 
Bro. Rev. J. Mackenzie then moved the following : 
"That the motion now before the G.L. be referred to 
the Political Action Committee to be appointed, and 
that a special fund he privately raised for the em- 
ployment of a Parliamentary agent, and that the 
Polilical Action Committee in conjunction with the 
Executive, appoint such an agent as soon as the sub- 
scriptions in addition to the annual grant from the G.L. 
funds allow them to do so." 

He thought the proposals before the Grand Lodge 
were toocrnde. They were in doubt whether the council 
proposed was to be national or provincial ; the subject 
tad better simmer for 12 months and the committee 
report a scheme to next session. We were asked to 
call into existence a body whose duties were not defined. 
They had better hasten slowly, and consider the re- 
commendation for 12 months. He did not want any 
new committee to come into collision with existing 
officials. No doubt we ought to have done more than we 
have ; this ought we to have done and not left the 
other undone. We wanted a Parliamentary agent 
now. Those who were most earnest now in the Home 
Mission work wonld most earnestly support this. He 
did not want appeals made in the Lodges, but 
privately, and many brethren were willing to contri- 
bute from 2s. nd. to £5 for this work, and they cou'd 
make the appointment as soon as the funds would 

Bro. J. J. Woods agreed with Bro. Mackenzie. Let 
as now decide to have a Parliamentary agent as soon 
as the funds permit. It is said that if this be referred 
to a committee the general election will come upon 
ns ; but in the meantime let steps be taken to secure a 
Parliamentary Agent who should act as secretary to 
the Political Action Committee, and second the efforts 
oftheG.ER. The money conld be raised if G.L. 
liked. He was tired of manifestoes and resolutions 
year by year. They wanted deeds now, not words ; 
they wanted more beef and less mustard. 

Sister Haefner said she had of late years become 
more impressed by reading the Watchword and 
attending this Grand Lodge, that this political work 
was of the greatest importance to the Order, and that 
by giving attention to it we should best keep our 
members together. The drink shops were kept open 
by Parliament, and they drew away our members. 
She knew God would send the money and the men if 
rore in earnest in this work. We must urge our 
members to vote square, and the drink-shops must 
be removed if only for the sake of the women of the 

Bro. Sweeney and Bro. Insull also spoke, urging 
the importance of educating the ignorant voters. 

Bro. CoATES proposed an addition to the com- 
mittee's report, giving power to appiint a Parlia- 
mentary agent when funds admitted of so doing. 

Bro. Dickinson said that in the Pit villages, where 
he resided, the political aspect of the work was the 
most important they hsd to deal with, ne would not 
say what his colour was, but he contended that all 
power emanated from the people. In his district they 
always made this a plank in the platform at anymeet- 
ing, and they always carried it. 

Bro. Woodall was anxious the Grand Lodge should 
have a Parliamentary agent. It was no use saying 
" we can't raise the money." He was not a good 
scholar, but there were always plenty about him who 
were— (laughter - )— and they could calculate what 
80,000 pennies would amount to. People wanted 
educating in our principles, and if we didn't spend the 
money we couldn't get the work done. 

Bro. Retallack-Moloney said this bugbear of 
money was always in the way. They spoke of 
employing a Parliamentary agent, but the work they 
were advocating was not the work of a Parliamentary 
agent. He then referred to the voting strength of 
our Order, and the work of a Parliamentary agent in 
bringing that strength to bear in the House of Commons. 
Bro. Mansergh also briefly addressed the Lodge, 

Bro. Kempster then replied. He thought there 
was not much divergence of opinion. They all wanted 
the work done, and more money to doit. In his double 
capacity as G.E.S. and a member of the G.L. Executive 
he had felt a great responsibility as to funds. He 
could plan to spend money to the best advantage, but 
the heavy indebtedness of the Order made him shrink 
at incurring a pound more than was absolutely neces- 
sary. With reference tD the employment of a Parlia- 
mentary agent, the real work of such an officer was in 
the lobby of the House of Commons. He believed 
that what was wanted was to spend more money out- 
side. If the Grand Lodge would find the money he 
guaranteed that the committee would spend it, and 
to the best advantage. Our woi k was the same as that 
of the Alliance, and in Mr. Raper they had a gentle- 
man constantly in the lobby of the House of Com- 
mons devoting his time and ability without fee or 
reward. Other gentlemen were similarly employed, 
and in the financial condition of this Grand Lodge 
it would be a waste of money to employ 
an agent to spend his time there. They wanted more 
work and more pressure outside. He quite agreed as 

to the importance of work inside the House, bnt the 
cheapest and best way to work was to elect a member. 
The one expense of his return would be less costly 
than paying a salary, and if they would send 
him (Bro. Kempster) to Parliament ho would 
be their Parliamentary agent. (Applause.) Or 
send Bro. Malins. (Applause.) These fine schemes for 
some future day were all very good, bnt the general 
election was near, and the work needed to be done at 
once. What the committee recommended was that a 
National Council should be formed, that should be 
both national ard provincial, that it should set to 
work quickly, and promote the education of the new- 
voters and seek to exert its influence on the creation 
of the coming Parliament. The committee were nor, 
averse to money being raised, and practically, ho 
ought, they were all pretty well agreed. 
The votes were then taken on the several resolu- 
tions, when the proposal to enlarge the committee 
was lost ; the recommendation of the committee to 
form a National Council was adopted ; and the 
second part of Bro. Mackenzie's resolution, as ap- 
proved by the committee, was also adopted, authoris- 
ing the raising of a fund for the employment of an 
ao-ent, and authorising the P.A. Committee, in con- 
junction with the Executive, to make suchan appoint- 
ment as soon as the funds may permit. 

Another supplementary report of the committee 
was then submitted, dealing with 
Good Templars and their Relations with 
Political Parties. 
The Committee submitted the following resolu- 
tion : — 

" That this Grand Lodge would urge upon members of 
the Order, and all Temperance reformers the importance 
of seeking by all legitimate means so to educate tna 
leaders and members of their respective parties, as to 
secure the selection of candidates prepared to support 
the direct local veto in Parliament, and would recom- 
mend that where such political partes fail to support 
acceptable candidates, Temperance electors should sever 
thoir connection with their parties and form distinct and 
separate organisations for the purpose of frustrating the 
efforts of those who would perpetuate a system by which 
the liquor traffic is forced into localities against the will 
of the inhabitants." 

Bro. Rev. H. J. Boyd then proposed the following 
as an amendment : — 

"Your committee recommend that members of our 
Older should not identify themselves with other than 
Temperance political parties, as they believe the position 
of our question in Parliament, and the relation of parties 
to it, demand that all who seek the overthrow of this 
'crime of all crimes' Bhould keep themselves untram- 
melled by connection with party organisations, and 
faithful to the flag of prohibition of the liquor traffic by 
the will of the people expressed by direct veto. 

Bro. Boyd felt it was important that wo should all 
keep ourselves free from party ties, or we could not bo 
thoroughly free to prosecute our Temperance work 
with singleness of purpose. He had witnessed cases 
where good men whose whole soul was in political 
work, had held back when we wanted to push our 
question to the front, and say they would not go. This 
was virtually a sinking of the whole ship. Temper- 
ance leaders were found seeking to influence Tem- 
perance men to Bupport candidates who would not 
even vote for Sunday Closing. If we were to exercise 
power it would not be by standing aloof. Some of us 
believed it was true that the drink did more harm 
than even pestilence and famine, and yet we 
joined parties whose law was that majorities 
must rule, and when inside the party the vote was 
taken and the majority ruled. It was then too late, 
the mischief was done. We must keep our hands 
clean. They talked of making this question a plank 
of other people's platform ; it was not a plank, it was 
a platform of itself. We had great power if we stood 
aloof. We did not know our power. It was not to 
be measured by numbers. We had the grip of a great 
truth; we should let people know that we gripped the 
truth. Some were so in favour of parties that they 
jumped at them like a trout at a bait. It was said 
that M.P.'s did not mean what we meant. Sir Michael 
Bass said the Government Bill would propose local 
boards to control the traffic and give the money to 
the rates that was raised from licences. Any proposal 
of this kind would make it harder than ever to com- 
pass the prohibition of the liquor traffic. 

Bro. Rev. J.Mackenzie seconded the amendment. 
It pointed towards the formation of a distinct politica 
party, but Bro. Kempster's resolution only suggested 
that in certain emergencies they should Bever their 
conneotion with other political parties. As Temper- 
ance reformers, we should recognise no other political 
parlies. This was the natural outcome of the vote for 
vote and nothing for nothing policy. It allowed 
us to give a certain amount of help at a certain 
point, when our conditions were fulfilled. He 
urged that we give no help till our demands were 
granted, and this was " nothing for nothing." He 
had read Bro. Kempster's report refeiring to Mr. 
Caine's advice, in which Bro Kempster had said that in 
too many instances ny joining political organisations, 
" iemperance backbone bad thus been taken out of 
our friends, and when once inside these associations 
(Continued on page 258.) 


April 20, 1885. 

important Jtottt* to Qltattlims. 

We would Impress npon Advertisers the facilities 
■tiered In oar columns. The extensive circulation of the 
Watchword — the Official Organ of the Grand Lodge — 
should commend it as an excellent medium for communi- 
cating matters relating not only to Temperance, but to 
business generally. The most prominent position in the 
aper is given to the announcements of Anniversaries 
Annual or Public Meetings, Lectures, 
Bazaars &c, at the following rates: 

For (One insertion 4a. 9d. ^ Any space 

one Inch J Two insertions at — 3s. 6d. y mo re or les 

of (Three „ „ ... Sa. Od. f at the 

Space. l Four and beyond .. .. 2e. 6d. ' same rate. 

Includinp a reference to the Event In the "Forthcoming 

Gvente " oolomn. 

We would also direct attention to announcement*' 
classified under the head of 


r Suob notices frequently reach us as News, We can 
only publish them however, as Advertisements, giving 
them Special I" ablicity, at very Cheap rates viz, : 


So that for the low charge of 6d.aPublicMeeting can be 
advertised in all the Lodges, and to the most active Tem- 
perance Workers in every Town in England, thus afford* 
ng efficient local publicity, and frequently leading to the 
Attendance of travellers and others visiting the districts. 
Beyond 24 Words the charge is 3d. for every additional 
six Words. 

S.E. See advt. 




Will be held in tlM 


On APRIL 21st, 22nd, 2 3rd, & 24th, 1885. 

Exhibition will be opened at 3 p.m. each day as follows :— 

April 2Ut. J. O'Connor Power, Esq.. M.P. 

April 22nd. Professor Thorold Rogers, M.P. 

April 23rd. Lewis Mclver, Esq. 

April 2ith. Joseph Mallns, Esq., G.W.C.T. 


SISTER INSULL will be clad to receive CONTRI- 
which may be sent to 21, Burton-crescent. London, W.C. 



Members of the Order are requested to send their 
contributions to the above as promptly as possible, ad- 
dressed to Bro. John Hilton, London Temperance 
Hospital, Hampstead-road, London, N.W. 


Choir No. 1. 

April 18, and every Saturday. — Morley Hall, Hackney. 
April 20 to 25. — Assembly Rooms, Woolwich. 

Choir No. 2. 

April 20 to 25.— Mechanics' Institute, Stockport. 

April 27.— Hengler's Cirque, Liverpool, for a season. 

§iittatiottB SBattfeb aiti. Uatant 

Firit twenty-four Words 6d, 

Every six Words additional 3d, 

WANTED, employment by a discharged soldier, 
just returned from India; age 24 ; good char- 
acter ; G. L. member. — Apply to Y., J. Tomlinson Sel- 
ston, Alfreton, Derbyshire. 


E.D.— The post has been suitably filled. Will 
applicants please accept this ; the letters were far 
to reply to personally. 

SITUATION required in any light capacity, or 
place of trust ; G.T. ; age 24 ; good references. 
- P.W.D.S., Bro. Macbow, 252, Westminster Bridre- 
roa<f, S.W. 


QulBELL.— On April 3, at Bowes Park, N., the wife of 
Bro. A. E.Quibell, of a son. 



Chief Office: 


Incorporated pursuant to the Building Societies' Act, 1874. 

Vice-Presidents : 
Richard T. Booth, E-<q., Gospel Temperance Union. 
William Fowler, Esq., M.P. for Cambridge. 
I. C. Johnson, Esq., J. P., Gravesend. 
J. J. Ridge, Esq., M.D., B.A., Enfield. 
W. W. Thompson, Esq., 5, Bow Church Yard, E.C. 
George Williams, Esq., St. Paul's Churchyard, E.C. 


Shares £25 each, may be paid in full or by monthly 
subscriptions of 5s. per share. Five per cent, guaranteed 
with participation in profits. 

Large or small sums received on deposit, repayable at 
short notice at Four per cent, interest. 


Money ready to be advanced. Low scale of repayment. 

Arrangements made for addressing meetings, free, on 
Temperance and Thrift. Members' Agents required 
where none are appointed. 

EDWIN SMART, Secretary, 8, Hew Bridge-st., E.C. 

(Entertainers anb <3tt)bocatcs. 

(I.O.G.T.), the famous "Ventriloqitist, Magician, 
and Humorist, attends Bazaars, Fetes, and Schools. For 
Programme, address Prof. Bourne, Hoxton, London, 
mentioning this paper, " In consequence of the great 
success, the Bazaar will be continued till the 30th, when 
Prof. Boubne will repeat his marvellous performance, 
which proved such an attraction on the 28th that four 
performances were given on the 29th." — Vide Prest. 


After nearly thirty years' GRATUITOUS Services in 
almost every county in England, and for every branch of 
the Temperance Movement, and Evangelical Church, I 
have decided to devote myself ENTIRELY to Evan- 
gelistic and Temperance Work. I am therefore open 
to Lecture, Preach, or conduct Missions anywhere, on 
very moderate terms ; and my son is now arranging my 
tours for the coming season. — Apply early to CHAS. A. 
BRAMLEY, Whitley, Newcastle-on-Tyne. (Signed) 
JOHN BRAMLEY, Newcastle, March, 1885. 


SWALLOWING POISON. Spurts of disgusting 
mucous from the nostrils, or dropping upon the 
tonsils, a stooped-up feeling in the head and dull pains 
in the forehead, with incessant blowing of the nose, 
hawkingand spitting, and a bad breath ; this is Catarrh, 
the forerunner of Consumption. No other such loath- 
some and treacherous malady curses mankind. While 
asleep the Catarrhal impurities are inhaled into the 
Lungs, and swallowed into the Stomach to Poison every 
part of the system. Dr. Lane's Catarrh Cure affords im- 
mediate relief and a permanent Cure of this dangerous 
and unpleasant disea-e, relieves headache, and purifies 
the breath. It is sold by all Chemists and Dealers. A 
Treatise on Catarrh, its treatment and Cure, sent free, 
post paid, to anybody on application ; or a Sample Bottle 
of the Remedy sent, carnage paid, to any address on 
receipt of Is.— Address, Fredk. W. Hale, 61, Chandos- 
street, Oovent Garden, London. 

WANTED, in every town and village, an 
energetic and persevering Hawking Agent 
(male or female) to sell our goods to consumers and 
shopkeepers ; must be a person of good character, able to 
give references and small security if re juired. — Apply, 
with full particulars, enclosing stamped addressed 
envelope, to Henry's Patent Stone and Metal 
Company (Registered), Stoke-on-Trent. 

ALL UNEMPLOYED may have work for a 
week, month, or year ; good terms. — Two stamps 
to Manager, 16, Arden-street, New Brompton, Chatham. 


M& and honestly realised by persons of either 
bex, without hindrance to present occupation. — For 
particular- and Sample enclose addressed envelope to 
Evans, Watts, & Company, (P 112), Merchants, Bir- 
mingham. — This is genuine. 

AGENTS WANTED.— Brass, Reed, and Drum 
and Fife Band Instruments; good commission; 
printed matter supplied : no risk.— Apply, enclosing 
stamp, Thomas Tibbktt, Dunstable, Bedfordshire. 

BOARD and Lodging Required ; quiet and respectable; 
within five minutes' of Charing Cross or Houses o. 
Parliament.— Writ* only, stating moderate terms, A. Tompkins, 
6, Canal -terrace, King's Cross, >', 


WORKERS.— The Blue Ribbon Life Accident Mutual 
and Industrial Company Limited, Newhall-street, Bir- 
mingham, invites applications for acencies, both 
ordinary and industrial departments. It is the only 
company restricting its business to total abstainers, to 
; whom lower premiums are charged than by any other 
office. Secretaries, visitors, and other workers will find 
these agencies afford the opportunity for substantially 
| increasing their incomes. Terms, prospectuses, &o., on 
I application to W. H, Greening, Managing Director, 




Containing Articles and Papers on a variety of sub- 
jects, contributed by Past and Ptesent G.L. Officers and 
other prominent members of the Order. Portraits of 
eminent persons and other illustrations, Poetry, Reports 
of Crystal Palace Fete, of Temperance Hospital and 
Orphanage Meetings, and of the Annual and other Meet- 
ings of Kindred Organisations, Literary Notices, Letters 
to the Editor, Obituary Notices, a Serial Tale—" Brother! 
in Temptation," several complete Stories, &c. 

Strongly bound in cloth, gilt lettered, 


Carriage Paid. 

London :— John Kempster & Co., 3, Bolt-court, Fleet- 
street, E.C. 


TO SEND to BOWERS Bros., 89, Blackfrlars- 
road, London, E.G., for any description of Printing. 
10,000 Handbills, 14a. 6d. ; 1,000 Memorandums, 5s. 
Paper Bags and all the multiform varieties of Trade 
Printing. Cheapest and best house in the trade. 



for Meetings and general distribution, 1,000, 4s. 6d. 
500, 3s. 3d., with notice at back. Quantities^, per 1,000 
Posters, 20m. by 30in., 100, 9b. ; Window Bills, 4e. per 
100 in good style. Pledge Cards and all requisites 
Send name and address and one stamp for sample 
Estimates for all olaasas of work. Orders per return Post 


The friends of the late Rev. G. M. Parker, of Walnole, 
propose to preseut his widow with a testimonial ex- 
pressive of their appreciation of his Christian character 
and work. 
You are invited to contribute. 

Any of the below-mentioned gentlemen will be glad to 
receive donations. 

Rev.A.A.Dowsett, Halesworth. Mr. B. Roe, Hale3worth, 
Mr. C. Haward, „ „ W. RignalL „ 

„ S. W. Hadingham, „ „ E. Francis, ,, 

,, O. G. Rackham.Wenhaston. „ Garrould, Cookley. 
,, J. J. Mayhew, Southwold. ,, Symonda, Walpole., 
,, John Kempster, G. T. Watchword Office, London 



AMi-Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder, 



With the Excofli of Fat Extracted. 

The Faculty pronounce It "The most nutrition!, perfectly 

digestible Bererage for BsxAxrAST, LCHCHIO*. or Supfee, ana 

invaluable for Invalids and Young Children." 

Being without sugar, spice, or other admixture It suits all 
palates, keeps for yean in aU climates, and ia four times the 
itrenpth of cocoas thickened yet weakened with arrowroot, 

■tarob, Ac, and in reality cheaper than such Mixtures. 

Mad* instantaneously with boiling water, a teaspoocrol to a 

Breakfast Cup, costing less than a Half-penny. 

EL BOHWEITZER ft OO.. 10. Adam -street. Strand. London. W.a 


MONDAY. APRIL 20. 1885. 



By Bro. Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T. 

The one impression made on our mind by 
the Manchester Session of Grand Lodge is that 
of solid strength. Let it be known that every 
district was fully represented, for in each case 
where a regular Representative was absent the 
place was filled by the duly chosen 
alternate Representative, so that there 
was not one Representative seat vacant. 
There were, roughly, about 550 former 
Grand Lodge members present, and 900 more 
had the Grand Lodge Degree conferred upon 
them. The Juvenile demonstration on the 
Saturday was not fully attended, perhaps the 
charge for seats was a hindrance. The Sunday 
" official " sermon was very able, but the place 
— a circus — was rather incongruous in appear- 
ance, though often used on Sundays. The 
fact that there were between 200 and 300 
other Temperance sermons preached in 

April 20, 1885. 



the district on that day on our account is a] may be admitted at Is. or Gd., and, if the latter, 
notable circumstance. Of the opening sitting of at what age they shall be deemed minors. Of 
Grand Lodge on Monday, it may fairly be said course, the fees remain as at present, until the 
that it was an almost startling sight. The D.L. authorities have made bye-laws on the 
Manchester Town Hall buildings cost over a 1 matter, and they have been confirmed by the 
million pounds to build, and our Session was ! G. W.C.T. Only then can the Sub-Lodge enact 

held in its great hall, which is a splendid room 
whose lofty ceilings and walls are superbly deco- 
rated. The hall seats 1,000 but there were 
about 1,200 Grand Lodge members in it on 
Monday — many having to stand all the while. 
The initiation was gone through amidst deep 
attention, and the subsequent reception of 
deputations from kindred organisations 
was, perhaps, the most enthusiastic yet 
witnessed in our Grand Lodge — the splendidly 
illuminated address from the Order of Recha- 
bites, and the greeting of the United Kingdom 
Alliance, being reciprocated with especial 

The public reception meeting on Monday 
night may be fairly said to have been the 
grandest yet held in connection with the Order. 
The presence of the Mayors of Manchester and 
Salford, wearing their official insignia, and 
the crisp speeches of Representatives from 
England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Sweden, 
together with the marvellous singing of Bro. 
Lane's Crystal Palace prize choir, constituted a 
treat appreciated by a full and fine audience. 
Of course, the real business began on Tues- 
day. At the outset the Grand Lodge 
agreed to abolish the rule which enabled 
any member to interrupt a speaker by 
calling him to order ; and it left the presiding 
officer alone the power thus to call a speaker 
to order. The new rule worked like a charm, 
and prevented hundreds of vexatious " points 
of order " being raised 

The Tuesday evening interesting Juvenile 
conference was exceptionally successful, and 
the political conference appeared to be interest- 
ing and useful. The political question, as usual, 
had a large share of attention at Grand Lodge, 
but on somewhat new lines, as the report will 
indicate ; and one result is a closer official re 
lation between the G.E. Supt. and the " Elec- 
toral " officers in the lower bodies, and the 
taking of steps for securing some able brother 
to devote all his time to forwarding the 
political work of the Order. 

Another large question which took up much 
time was the Middlesex District Lodge action, 
' by which it requested the Grand Lodge to dis- 
cipline the London Scots Lodge for alleged ex- 
clusion of English candidates unless they were 
husbands or wives of Scotch people. The 
G.L. Executive was of^opinion that there was 
not sufficient evidence for action. Some leading 
spirits held that the case was a mere trivial ex- 
ception to the rule and practice of our Lodges, 
while others contended that, although in this 
country no general race barrier was or ever 
would be attempted, yet this local case touched 
the fringe of the principle involved in the practice 
of "Negro Exclusion,'' against which all had so 
unitedly fought. In the end the Grand Lodge 
acknowledged that there was as yet no clear 
case for discipline, but declared that we could 
not sanction any line of distinction as to 
nationality or otherwise. This was adopted 
heartily and unanimously. No doubt the 
London Sects Lodge, having thus won 
the case on the legal point, will do as they have 
indicated they are not unwilling to do — oblite- 
rate even the " understanding " as to national 
distinction, and invite other English than those 
of Scotch connection to join what may still 
usefully be in the main a " London Scots " 

The question of initiation fees reached a 
curious conclusion by the Grand Lodge leaving 
each D.L. at liberty to enact that their Sub- 
Lodges may reduce initiation fees to Is. for adult 
males ; may leave adult female fees at Is. or 
reduce them to 6d. ; and may decide if minors 

a bye-law which — when confirmed, and not be- 
fore — will effect any actual change. 

The Home Mission Fund was, of course, a 
leading subject of debate. It is clear 
that some Districts endorsed the G. W.C.T. 's 
circular, thinking it propounded the wonderful 
theory that, as a request for a voluntary penny 
per member monthly had not realised enough, 
more would be realised by a voluntary penny 
■per quarter. Others had, however, properly 
understood that the G. W.C.T. meant a uniform 
payment of an extra penny with the sub- 
scription of every member. By a very 
large vote the Grand Lodge rejected the idea 
of an imperative payment, and still held 
to the voluntary contribution of one penny per 
month, but to be collected by the W.F. Sec. or 
other officer to be named by the Lodge ; and it 
heartily endorsed the G.W.C.T.'s proposal to 
avoid expense, by sending the mission money 
with the tax, to the W D.Secs.— the District 
Lodge to keep one-half of it, and the other half 
to go to the G.L. Executive, who should review 
the method of its expenditure, &c. 

The debate on the proposed Provident Fund 
brought forth widely diverse views, and 
although the idea of such a fund was affirmed, 
the Grand Lodge very decidedly resolved to 
take no steps to give effect to it until the 
matter has been fully looked into and reported 
upon to the membership, for them further to 
consider prior to any definite action at next 
Grand Lodge Session. It is a matter for ex- 
treme care, for we cannot afford to turn our 
Order into a benefit society in the ordinary sense 
of the term. 

The Wednesday's public meeting in the Free 
Trade Hall was well attended by our members, 
but the public was not fully reached. It is 
too late now to speculate upon the causes. The 
great assemblage of our own members, and the 
perhaps smaller number of the general public, 
had a most happy time— every speaker ex- 
celling in his particular way ; the fine choir 
doing well, and Sister Young making the great 
organ speak gently or thunder at her will. No 
doubt Bro. Eklund, with his charmingly naive 
broken English, carried the honours, but all 
were up to the mark. 

The minor questions on the Digest were only 
reached on Friday, when the silent attention 
was wonderful. The asking of questions and 
raising of points of order were practically sus- 
pended, and where motions related to familiar 
and well understood subjects a silent but intel- 
ligent vote was given. Nothing weighty, how- 
ever, was rushed through. Where debate was 
required the really needful time was not 
grudged ; and those who are competent 
to judge were struck by the clearness of per- 
ception and the directness of speech of those 
present. With few exceptions the Grand 
Lodge Representatives had an all-round turn, 
for there was scarcely a District whose repre- 
sentative was not heard at some time during 
the Session. The great disadvantages in the 
early part of the Session were the draughts and 
the difficulty of hearing, and both were later on 
remedied as far as could be. On the 
whole, we pity those who were not present 
on the last day, when the representa- 
tives quietly sat till 10.15 p.m., and, 
but for the necessity of clearing} the hall, 
they would not even have referred the few re- 
maining motions to the Executive, but have 
cleared them all in another half-hour. 

The closing moment was truly impressive. 
Those opponents who strive to magnify the 
wretched " Charter Suit " into anything of great 
magnitude — except of the great expense, which 

we fain would avoid — will be surprised to learn 
that the Grand Lodge did not spend fivo minutes 
over the matter. They unanimously adopted 
the brief record in the G.L. Executive's, and 
G. W.C.T.'s reports. And when, a moment be- 
fore closing, the latter remarked that ere they 
met again the case would be ended, and ex- 
pressed a hope that whatever the issue " we 
shall stand by one another " — the hearty oheer- 
ing made him say, " I am quite satisfied with 
your reply." 

The exertions of the Reception Committee 
were in some respects unexampled, and received 
the hearty appreciation they so richly merited. 
The chairman of the Joint Committees, Bro. J. 
Edwards, and Bro.Wetherall as chairman of the 
General Purposes Committee, were incessant in 
their efforts, and had the hearty co-operation of 
earnest sisters and brothers, whose patient ac- 
tivity was remarkable, while the courteous con- 
duct of the steward, 'attendants, and staff of 
police officers at the Town Hall, was as gratify- 
ing as was the generous hospitality of so many 
of the citizens of Manchester and Salford, and 
the adjacent townships in the District, and in 
parts of Cheshire. 

On the whole the Session may be said to have 
imparted to those who took part in it a feeling 
of solid satisfaction.almost unalloyed by a tittle 
of unpleasantness, or a tinge of regret. 

And so we go to work once more ; stronger 
and better for having met in unison and parted 
in amity. With an adult and junior member- 
ship of over 130,000 souls ; with a Grand Lodge 
truly grand in magnitude and in aspirations ; 
and with an Executive not inaptly termed as 
including " all the talents," we again proudly 
move forward to the conflict, with a confidence 
based un mutual trust, and a security born of 
the conviction that " truth shall stand longest 
and right shall prevail." 

Home Mission Department.— We beg to call the 
careful attention of oor readers to an important 
statement upon this subject which appears under the 
Grand Lodge seal. It will be seen from what is there 
stated that on and after August 1 the one penny per 
month volontary subscription to the mission fund is 
to be sent to the District Executive quarterly, along 
with the tax ; and half the amount collected is to be 
retained by them, and the other half sent to the 
Grand Lodge officer. In the meantime all personal and 
Lodge subscriptions — which it is hoped may be liberal 
and numerous — are to be forwarded to the Grand 
Worthy Secretary, as heretofore. For further par- 
ticulars see " Official Notice." 

The Temperance Industrial Exhibition, ad- 
vertised to be held in South London next week, pro- 
mises to be a very successful undertaking, and the 
committee of management are working arduously 
preparing as an attractive a programme as possible 
for the four days of the Exhibition, so as to induce an 
attendance of the public worthy the enterprise and 
the great labour entailed by the promoters of this 
effort to popularise Temperance among the masses 
of this great part of the Metropolis. The competitions, 
for which prizes and certificates of merit will be 
awarded, comprise 22 sections, whioh include reading, 
reciting, and musical contests ; a display of charters 
and dispensations from Temperance Lodges and 
societies ; models, decorations, composition, plans, 
cookery, laundry work, &c. Besides these in- 
teresting competitions, abundance of amuse- 
ment is provided in the Bhape of Edison's phono- 
graph, printing presses, electrical and weighing 
machines, the collection of loans, bazaar stalls, &c, 
many of the loans being of speoial interest to 
teetotalers. The Exhibition will be opened each day 
at 3 p.m. by Mr. J. O'Connor Power, M.P., Professor 
Thorold Rogers, M.P., and Bro. J. Malins, G.W.C.T. 

Good Templars to the Front. — At the 
athletic sports held on Easter Monday, at Newport 
(I.W.), Bro. Katcliff, of the Cabar Feidgh Lodge (Sea- 
forth Highlanders) won an electro-plated cruet, as 
first prize for half-mile military flat race. 



Afril 20, 1885. 

(Continued from page 255.) 
they bad been like sucked-out flies in spiders' webs." He 
wanted to save Temperance men from this temptation 
and from occupying- this degraded position. If 
he understood the position of parties, just 
as any pol i tical party would take u p pro- 
hibition, he would urge Temperance men to 
take them up. Tho Grand Lodge had pub 
lished Bro. Ilooppell's tract, "A New Political 
Party"; it brought a scathing impeachment against 
tho existing political parties, and stated that the«e 
evils would not be regarded until we had a new pol 
tical party in the House of Commons. If that need 
existed in the House of Commons there was the greater 
need that a new political party should bo formed out- 
side, working distinctly and definitely, and only on 
these lines. 

Bro. John Mann believed that Temperance voters 
did well to stand with the political parties. If one 
pood man worked with 20 he could often influence 
the rest. They should be with the politicians who 
selected the candidates and made the M.P.'s. They 
should join the association at first, and if they could 
not get help from them then leave them. There were 
many other important subjects to which their help 
should be given, but this was the most important of 
all, and he would urge them— as he would act himself 
— qever to support any candidate or any party that 
would not give the power to the people to suppress the 
liquor traffic. 

Bro. Allpass said it was all very well to tell us to 
join political parties if we could oso any influence, 
but the association became contaminating, and instead 
of raising them drags us down. They persuaded us 
to put Temperance aside and go in for land laws or 
something of that sort. He advised them to take no 
part in their political councils for fear of being dragged 
down to their level. 

Bro, Gower said the advice they bad heard was re- 
versing the doctrines of the good Book, which Eaid 
that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. If 
they were to accept this new teaching it would seem 
that the leaven did more gocd out of the meal than in 
it. Much had been made of the vote for vote policy, 
but in seeking to bind them to keep aloof from party 
was sailing very near the wind, and would lead some 
bo consider severing their connection with the Order 
if they thus interfered with their liberty as citizens. 

Bro. Gibson said he was a Templar first and a 
politician afterwards. It was no secret which he 
would give up if one had to go. We ought to retain 
our hold of parties so long as we could influence. He 
Vas sorry if some were bo weak as to be afraid of con- 
tamination. It waB no easy matter to give up 
associations of years. As the secretary of an associa- 
tion, he had been able to bring this question to the 
front, and the result was that "the time had now 
come," as Bro. Kempster said last night when action 
was taken towards the direct local veto. The more we 
gave political parties of our company the more interest 
would be taken and the more ready would they be to 
assist us in carrying the rrinciple of prohibition. 

Bro.MANSERGH would yield to no man in unswerving 
loyalty to our political flag, but he would like to say 
if they passed this amendment they would shut up 
several Lodges in his District, which he was delighted 
to know was doing grand work in rescuing drunkards. 
Only a fortnight ago he was impressing his Kxeoutive 
with the need of registering votes, and one brother 
Eaid, "If I opened my mouth the Lodge would lose 
s"ome of its best members." Political complications 
would not help our work. Let them beware of being 
carried away by enthusiasm from the practical work 
of saving the perishing. 

Bro. J. B. Collings supported Bro. Boyd's amend- 
ment. This course would keep our hands clean of 
political parties. What was the re-ultof our having 
been mixed up with political parties? That Local 
Option meant nothing. Say we have no influence 
outside I He maintained we had more influence in 
separate organisations. They had only a limited 
amount of time in which to do any work, and this was 
quite enough to occupy their time and strength with- 
out any other political work. 

Bro. Heap Baid an ounce of experience was worth a 
pound of argument. He went thoroughly with Bro. 
Kempster. but if they formed a separate Temperance 
party in Rochdale they were nowhere. They could 
not send a teetotaler to Parliament, but they sent Mr. 
Potter, the wheelwright. They worked inside the 
party, and the party knew that if they did not go 
right they would leave them. He then detailed some 
striking experiences in municipal work, shewing how 
they bad made it impossible to win when the party 
leagued with liquor sellers, and how they had taught 
them a wiser policy and now worked with them. He 
himeelf was on the council, not by teetotalers, but 
by the aid of political opponents. If they ran against 
parties when they could get their help they would do 
a great deal ot harm. 

Bro. Dodds would kindly question whether they 
were not nearly trespassing on individual right. He 
instanced a striking experience of bis own, wherein 
his own consistency and influence were best provided 
by standing aloof. He had swallowed Eustace Smith's 
nine articles of political creed for the sake of Mr. 
Smith's swallowing his one,and he gave him a majority 

of 101 in that village. If they joined a clnb they had 
to be bound by the rules. It was better to stand aloof. 
He had acquired some influence by 50 years' hard work 
for the glory of God and the good of humanity, and 
he told John Morley he wanted to give power straight 
to the people. If they had neither power nor in- 
fluence it didn't matter one fig what party they bo- 
longed to. 

Bro. Malins objected both to the resolution and the 
amendment. One told them to work in their parties, 
whereas he for one was outside any party. But why 
where political parties hive brought out good men 
should we turn our backs upon them ? Where political 
parties had dono them justice h? approved being in 
them. Where they would do Temperance work he 
would be with them. He moved a further amendment, 
as follows : — 

That this Grand Lodge advises Good Templars and 
Temperance workers generally to withdraw from all party 
political committees which fail to include the right of a 
popular vote over (he issue of Drink Licences as a plank 
in their platform ; and would generally remind our mem- 
bers and all other Temperance workers to constitute a 
separate party by the orjrauisat : on of " Temperance Hun- 
dreds," &c, in all localitiei where the local political 
parties do not include tho directorate plank. 

Bro, Stubbs urged that every brother should 
retain his own party, and put on enough Tem- 
perance men to carry the vote. If they would not go 
right, then leave them. It had been said that M.P.'s 
did not know what Local Option meant. They didn't 
want to know. With him it was Temperance first 
and other politics after. He said when tho party 
would not go right " Good-bye, gentlemen, till you 
can't do without me." 

Bro.KEMrsTER then briefly rep' ied. He thought 
the subject had been pretty well thrashed out. 
The original resolution had had a meaning given 
it it was not intended to carry. It was capable of the 
misconstruction, but, with the leave of Grand Lodge, 
the committee would alter it so as to place its meaning 
beyond all doubt. Instead of implying that all were 
connected with party, it would take out the words, 
"their respective parties," and insert the words, " the 
political parties." That would meet Bro. Malins' point 
and remote a blot at which Bro. Boyd had fairly struck. 
Lower down they would alter " their parties " to "such 
parties," and with respect to the formation of separate 
organisations it was certainly not intended to wait 
for an emergency, they ought always to be in exist- 
ence, and so they would add the words " where not 
already existing." He thought with these changes 
every case was met except that raised by the amendment 
that they should in all circumstances stand entirely 
aloof from all other political associations. From that 
he entirely dissented. It was a violation of the right of 
private judgment and of the duties of citizens. 
He held it one of his highest duties before God and 
man to take part in promoting the good government 
of his country. This one evil was so great that the 
importance of Temperance legislation predominated 
over all others ; but if the parties would go right in 
this he held it his duty to go with the parties and in- 
crease his influence alike in this and all other good 
causes. How far should they carry this prin- 
ciple of abstention ? They might absent them- 
selves from every other association, includ- 
ing their Christian Churches. He could see no 
force whatever in the contention, and he hoped the 
Grand Lodge would support the original proposition 
of the committee as amended. The amendments were 
then voted upon and lost by overwhelming majorities, 
and the original motion, as amended by leave of the 
Lodge, was adopted with only one dissentient vote. 

The resolution, as ultimately adopted, reads as 
follows, the words altered or added being in italics : — 

" That this Grand Lodge would urge upon members of 
the Order, and all Temperance Reformers, the im- 
portance of seeking by all legitimate means so to 
ducats the leaders and members of the political parties, 
_:S to secure the return of candidates prepared to support 
and press forward the Direct Local Veto in Parliament ; 
and would recommend that where such political parties 
fail to support acceptable candidates, Temperance Elec- 
tors should sever their connection with suck parties, and 

m distinct and separate organisations, where not already 

sting, for the purpose of frustrating the effort3 of those 
who would perpetuate a system by which the liquor 
traffic is forced into localities against the will of the in- 

The following report waatben submitted : — 
To the G.L. op England I.O.G.T., 1885. 
Officers and Members, 

Your committee have held three meetings ; one at 
Leicester after last G.L. Session, one at London in 
July, and a third at Birmingham in October. 

Immediately after last G.L., an appeal was issued to 
the G.L. representatives asking for personal subscrip- 
tions, to which some few responded. 

The G.L. Executive have resolved that the annual 
appeal to Lodges and Temples should be made at the 
end of February, and the Becond within 13 weeks. 
The committee authorised the holding of a bazaar at 
Liverpool (Sister Mrs. Green having undertaken to 
act as secretary), and it was held in December last, I 

The committee acknowledge, with thanks, the many 
gifts and other help rendered. 

In connection with the Liverpool bazaar a very 
successful public meeting was held under the pre- 
sidency of W. Crosfield, Esq., to advocate the claims 
of tho mission. E. R. Russell, Esq., editor of the 
Liverpool Daih/ Post,very kindly wrotealeading article 
in that journal giving an excellent epitome of the ob- 
jects and claims of our mission. 

The total amount contributed in England to the 
Mission during the year was ££48 4s. lid. ; of this 
sum 191 Lodges gave £71 9s. 10^., 67 Temples 
£30 0s. 5jd., and members £120 9s. 3d. ; £108 Is. 3d. 
of the latter being in response to a personal appeal by 
Sister Inipey to members of the Society of Friends, 
and others. The bazaar yielded a profit of £26 5s. 4d. ; 
about £15 worth of goods being still unsold. 

The payments of the committee, including books for 
prizes, circulars, collecting cards, postages, and 
expenses of committee meetingB,amount to £46 7s. 106\ 
leaving a net balance for the year of £201 17s. Id. 

A ioint meeting of the committee, with the 
R.W.G.L. Committee, was held at Birmingham, in 
October, for the purpose of considering the position 
and prospects of the mission. The state of the Order 
in America was considered in detail, and much careful 
thought was given to its pressing needs, Tbe joint 
oommittee came to the determination to send, if pos- 
sible, sometime in 1S85, an influential deputation from 
Great Britain, to visit some of the Northern and 
Eastern States, to consolidate the Order, and bring all 
possible influences to bear upon the Temperance public 
in America, with a view to a large extension of the 

The labours of the R.W.G.L. Committee in directing 
the work of the mission have gone steadily on during 
the year. Lack of funds has prevented the regular 
employment of a missionary, but Bro. C, A. Stevens, 
G.W.C.T., of Massachusetts, an ardent Good Templar, 
and a warm friend of the coloured people, is now 
engaged in a special mission for the R.W.G.L. Com- 
mittee, in South Carolina,and is rendering good service. 
Several Lodges have been started and are progressing 
in Alabama ; and in other States the work has been 
maintained. The G.L. of Florida, at present, has its 
own agent at work. 

The Temperance Protlievhnod continues to be pub- 
lished at Boston, by the R.W.G.L. Committee, being 
edited by Sister Forsyth, R.W.G.V.T. The paper is 
a valuable bond of union for the scattered Lodges in 
Canada and the United States, it faithfully represents 
the Order, is well conducted, and neatly printed. It 
is sent monthly to all English subscribers of 10s. or 
over, and can be had by others for Is. (id. for the year, 
of Sister Impey. 

A great work has still to be done before the pure 
principles of Good Templarly shall have been even 
olfered to those in whose interest this mission exists. 
The Order in England is deeply committed to the 
support of efforts to raise our darker brethren by all 
proper means. 

The continued injustice heaped on all of the African 
race in America, the sufferings and indignities they 
endure because of colour prejudice, have been often 
detailed. Yet it seems easy for the claims of those 
who are far away to b e overlooked and forgotten, and 
your committee can but regret that a much larger 
sum has not been contributed to the funds by our 
Lodges and members. 

They appeal to all for a more earnest attention to 
the work, and a more generous response in aid of the 

Submitted in Faith, Hope, and Charity, 

James Mackenzie, President. 
Catherine Impey, Vice-President. 
John Glaisyer, Treasurer. 
Hugh J. Boyd. 
Mary E. Docwea, 
Anna M. Green. 
Lizzie Osborn, Hon. Seo, 



G.L. of England I.O.G.T., EASTER, 1884, to 

Febbuaby 28, 1885. 

Dr. beoeived. 

£ e. d. £ s, d. 
Subscriptions from 191 Lodges 71 9 10J 
Subscriptions from 69 Juvenile 



FerBonal subscriptions per 

Sister Impey 108 4 3 

Pergonal subscriptions per 

Sister Osborn 11 

Personal subscriptions per 

Sister Docwra 17 6 

Personal subscriptions per 

Bro. Glaisyer ... ... 7 6 

Profit Liverpool Bazaar 

101 10 4 

120 9 3 
26 5 4 

April 20, 1885. 



£ s. d. £ e. d. 

Publications, &c, published 

Printing and Stationery : — 

Per G.L. 15 15 8 

Per Sister Impey 6 18 3 

Per Sister Osborn 4 17 1 

Postages and Carriage :— 

Per Sister Docwra 1 10 3 

Per Sister Osborn 2 19 

Expenses of Committee Meetings... 


Paid Sister Impey as Sec. of 
R.W.G.L. of W. Committee ...134 7 

Balance in hand 67 7 6 

Net proceeds to credit of Fund ... 

£248 4 11 

I have examined the foregoing account with the 
books and vouchers relating thereto, and hereby 
certify the same to be correct. 

(Signed) J, Heney Watling. 

Bristol, March 28, 1885. 

Bro. Rev. J. Mackenzie, in submitting it foradop- 
tion.said that our'past action in relation to the excluded 
race in the Southern States placed great re 
eponsibility on this Grand Lodge. The committee 
had sought the assistance of the R.W.G, Lodge, but 
with all that could be done it was difficult in this 
country, at so great a distance from the scene of 
operations, to control and direct the work ; and the 
committee hoped as speelily as possible to send out 
a wise and strong deputation to operate in the 
Northern States and endeavour to enlist sympathy 
and help'therc amongst Temperance friends and others 
who were interested in the coloured people. He hoped 
they might thus place this work on a solid and lasting 
foundation. It was difficult to find the right person. 
That was still before the committee and they hoped 
soon to complete their arrangements. They 
greatly indebted to Sister Green, who had promoted 
and superintended the bazaar in Liverpool, and they 
would be very thankful if some other sister would 
arrange a similar bazaar during the coming year. The 
R.W.G.L. Committee was also eager for funds, and the 
two somewhat poached on each others ground. Their 
good Sister Impey, whose valiant services they all 
knew, was fishing in our waters, and they thought 
that by some arrangement with R.W.G.L. the funds 
might pass through one committee and avoid the 
appearance of any friction. They recommended that 
the members of the R.W.G.L. Negro Mission 
Committee be ex-ofticio members of this G.L. 
Committee. They hoped to be able to hold some 
drawing-room meetings. Many of their friends 
abroad, too poor to buy papers, and finding great diffi- 
culty in obtaining them, would be glad to have their 
old copies of the Watchword, and the committee 
would be glad if some friends would take addresses 
which they would supply, so that papers might be 
sent where they were much needed. 

Sister ImrEY would like the G.L. to know what was 
tho one thing that made it hardest to secure their at- 
tention to this work. It was because the troubles of those 
who were far away failed to awaken our attention. 
It was so easy to forget people who were so far away, 
when we were not conversant with their difficulties 
and the oppression they endured. She called attention 
to an important article that appeared in the Inter- 
national Magazine, and republished in the Friend. 
It told how grievously these people were still oppressed 
and howashamedthe writer was to confessit. Of course, 
in another article from some one in the South, all this 
was refuted, and the writer said the races were sepa- 
rated and should be separated. What the coloured 
people needed was hearty sympathy and help, while 
people were doing a great deal in calling 
attention to their wrongs. She wanted to rekindle 
interest in the negroes before the fires were quite gone 
out. She dirt not want a deputation to go out just to 
oppose the Hickmanites ; but when people opposed us 
it was our duty not to stand aside just because they 
opposed. When Good Templars went abroad they 
should stand by their coloured brethren, and manfully 
treat them as brothers. 
The report was unanimously adopted. 

Next place of Meeting. 

There were two proposals as to the next place of 

Bro. Mackenzie proposed Sunderland, end Bro. 
W. H. Brown proposed Newport in Monmouthshire. 
Each advocated the claims and merits of bis own town, 
and. on the vote being taken, S3 voted for Sunderland 
and 01 for Newport. Newport was therefore accepted, 
and the District which won the Juvenile Challenge 
Shield will, all being well, have the honour of enter- 
taining the Grand Lodge on tho occasion of its next 
annual session. 

The Home Mission Fund. 

The consideration of this subject was now taken up, 
andNo. 77 on thedigest, was submitted, approving of 
the reorganisation of the Fund on the lines of the 
G.W.C.T.'s recommendation. 

Bro. W. H. Brown said that the impression in his 
District and in the Sub-Lodges was that thecontri- 1 all to pay, 

butions were to be purely voluntary. He moved that 
the only method be by a collection of a penny a 
quarter, and that the W.F.S. be urged to solicit a 
penny per quarter from every member. 

Bro. Haefner, Sussex, represented one of the 
Districts that supported the G.W.C.T.'s recommenda- 
tion and they thought it was voluntary. Manyof 
the Lodges did not know how t3 make ends meet, 
and if the pressure continued he did not know where 
it would end. 

Bro. Husband seconded Bro. Brown. The impres- 
sion in his District and all Sub-Lodges was that it 
was purely voluntary. He need not refer to the 
poverty of their members, but it was well known that 
most of the money for religious and other work came 
from the same people. 

Bro. Winton urged to keep the arrangement as it 
is. IE they were disappointed in their efforts to raise 
Id. per quarter, they would be more disappointed when 
they made it compulsory. He thought this was an 
age for disestablishing, and now instead of making this 
work voluntary, like all missionary efforts, they were 
going to make it compulsory. What _ penalty would 
they impose ? It was no use to bark if they could not 
bite. Was membership to be made conditional on this 
Id. beiDg paid ? He urged the voluntary system. 

Bro. BoWEN followed in support of the voluntary 

Bro. Seaman thought some of the speakers did not 
fully understand the bearing of No. 77. In South 
Durham many did not give a p _*nny per quarter, though 
so good a work was being done in their District. He 
wa* grieved to find this falling-off, aud feared they 
might have to relinquish the agents already ap 
pointed. ' Many dropped off who would willingly give 
if the p3nny were made a uniform contribution. 

Bro. E. Wood sxid that the position the G.L. had 
elected him to made him naturally anxious 
that as much money as possible should 
come into the exchequer. But he opposed 
the G.W.C.T.'s recommendation, and there was 
a strong feeling in favour of it as previously 
understood. But when Bro. Scott visited their District 
Lodge he was asked if it was compulsory, and he 
replied ye3. That announcement put a different com- 
plexion on the matter, and he then submitted that 
D.L. ought not to vote on a different issue from that 
which had been before their Sub.-Lodge3. They then 
arranged an adjourned session, and after the real 
meaning of thp recommendation had been understood 
Gl voted against and 11 in its favour. 
There was no unwillingness to continue 
to give money to the Mission if the 
results were commensurate with the cost. He must 
confess he did not so regard them. In 1881 they had 
a membership of 83,000 ; in 1S82 they had 87,000 ; in 
1883 95,000 ;and now, after spending eome £1-1.000 
or £15,000 in Home Mission work, they had a declen- 
sion of about 10,000. He thought the work had not 
answered its purpose. It might be unpopular to ex- 
press this opinion, but the work was not of the kind 
most wanted. No one was more capable than Bro. 
Scott of doing the work he had done better than he ; 
bottheydidnotmerely wantlargcpublicmeetingsto be 
addressed; they wanted a number of agents at smaller 
individual cost doing the work of visitation, &c, and 
that they be employed by the Districts and not by the 
G.L. Executive. He observed that Bro. Scott said this 
was not a tax ; he thought it was. A subscription was 
a payment by a member to his Sub-Lodge ; a tax was 
a compulsory payment to a higher body, and h< 
thought it a mere quibble to say it was not a tax, I 
was introducing a new principle to make payments 
compulso-y for missionary purposes. They had 
no right to say, "You must be philanthmpi 
whether you like it or not." He recommended the 
scheme on the voluntary principle, but let the expen- 
diture be left entirely to the District Lodges. 

Bro. Robinson said that the Registrars had been 
wil'ing to take office, but many of them had not done 
a hand's turn. They had Bro. Wrathalls services in 
their district, and the results were good. In E. Cum 
berland, they had an increase of 31 ; in W. Cumberland 
an increase of 102 ; in S. Durham, 35; in Northum- 
berland, (Jlil. In N. Durham, however, where they 
would not take his services there was a decrease of 661. 
He believed the increase was due to the services 
rendered. He supported Bro. Wood as to the kind of 
work to be done. Bro. Wrathall had visited 16 or 17 
absentees in a day and experience proved that with in- 
creased work there would be good results, and he, 
therefore, approved making it compulsory. 

Malins said this debate arose out of a circular 
of his. He deeply regretted there had been some mis- 
understanding of that circular. He had no intention 
of leading them to a misunderstanding, because it 
would be a calamity to legislate against the will 
of the membership. He thought his circular was 
plain ; it was plain to many, hut there were excep- 
tions. The circular was not submitted to any one and 
Bro. Scott had not suggested it ; indeed he did not 
approve it. If they adopted his plan they would only 
raise £500 to £700 for Grand Lodge, and about tbe same 
for District Lodges. He objected to calling it a tax. 
He understood a tax to be a levy on usual income, not 
from all who paid ; but still it was intended to require 

If the voluntary system would meet all ' visit and institute Lodges, 

the requirements, he asked, 'Why has it not?" In 
the Northern counties they bad exactly the 
man they wanted, yet those districts did not 
produce the Id. per month. The monoy was 
rai-ed by the shipowners of the North. The voluntary 
payment had proved a failure, and scarcely raised a 
half-penny a quarter per member, even in the distriote 
where they had proved the value of tbe work, and it 
was for the want of systematic collection that it was a 
failure to-day. Let D.L's. collect the money and spend 
it them^ e I ves,and it would mean that in strong and com- 
pact districts. Where Lodges were numerous and near 
each other they would raise a big fund and spend it 
on themselves. A penny a quarter in Middlesex would 
raise £100 while other pooi districts could not raise 
£3 ; and these were malt-cursed and brewery- 
cursed districts, where mission work was most 
needed. The large districts would thus get 
their own funds and keep them. This cry of locali- 
sation was contagious and it did no good. The 
Grand Lodge had great responsibilities, its income was 
very near cut, and the tax only enough for adminis- 
trative purposes. If they rejected the idea of compul- 
n, he did not regard it as compulsion, and did not 
ut them so to think of it ; and he did not want it 
to be compulsory if they would only work it up volun- 

Bro. Rev. H. J. Boyd would give place to no one in 
his admiration of the work of Bro. D. Y. Scott. His 
knowledge of tho kind of labour made him amazed 
that he had been able to do so much ; both physically 
and mentally his labours had been immense, and the 
results were such as could not be tabulated. But he 
was sure it was a big mistake to try to compel pay- 
ment. If they said to people, this is a great and good 
work,and asked them to pay as God had prospered them, 
he did not believe the work would fail for the lack of 
money. He then iDstanced cases of good work done 
and the zeal of reicued ones to carry on the work of 
saving others. If this mission was worked as it should 
he we should want no national agent. They should 
throw themselves with loving zeal into the work and 
they would get the money. People should not bo 
made to pay, but inspired to give. 

Bro. Long thought in this matter they might seek 
to grasp too much and lose all. He thought the dis- 
tricts could do better with their own money than tho 
G.L. could do for them. They proved that in E. 
Gloucester, in scattered districts where they had done 
Home Mission work and had increased. To the pre- 
sent time the national work of the fund had been a 
failure ; they did not want big deputations ; they 
conld have pleniy of such by paying travelling ex- 
penses, and lots of the brethren went about and did 
not get 0d. for putting their horse up. 

Bro. HuMPHEitsoN had quite understood this prin- 
ciple to be permissive and mosc of the Lodges so con- 
strued the circular. The reason the fund fell off was 
because the money was spent in other ways than was 
intended. He thought the money had been raised 
under wrong impressions and that the system now 
proposed was a pernicious one. 

Bro. E. Wood proposed the following amend- 
ment :— 

"That the voluntary payment of one penny per mem- 
ber per month be continued, but that after August 1 the 
money be paid to the District Executives, one half being 
retained by them, and one half being sent to the Grand 
Lodge, and that it be an instruction to the Grand Lodge 
Executive to review the wholu question of the adminis- 
tration cf the fund." 

Bro. Snowden seconded. He came from a district 
where the Lodges and soma of their members hardly 
knew how to live. Was it not a shame they should 
quibble about keeping two agents at work? What 
was such a district as his to do if they could 
not get some help from large districts like 
Middlesex ? Is it not onr motto to give rather 
than to receive ? He would rather give a pound than 
keep all in his own district. Let us be as good as 
outsiders. Bro. Woods collected £70 from people out- 
side. There were a lot of people who always grumbled 
but never jrave anything themselves. 

Bro. Balmer moved to refer the matter back to the 
districts, and Bro. Hummell seconded. 

Bro. Hopkins moved No. 70 on the digest, as coming 
from his district, approving the scheme, but allowing 
districts to retain the whole amount. But personally 
he approved Bro. E. Wood's amendment. Tho 
G.W.C.T. did not seem to understand the strong 
feeling there was against compulsion, but 
they should know that there was a great prinoiple in- 
volved. They would remember the enthusiasm at 
Gloucester when the scheme was started, and they 
must now confess to a comparative failure. It was, 
he thought, because they were dissatisfied at the way 
the scheme was started ; they began at the wrong 
end, by superintending, rather than doing the real 
work. They appointed Bro. Scott, but they wanted 
real mission work and did not need big deputations. 
They would have the men if only they had the means 
to prosecute the work. They needed to employ such 
ents as they had in Bro. Brnce, and did not so much 
need gentlemen to come and address a meetingandget 
away the next morning to some other meeting at a 
"' tance, but one who could remain in the district,and 



April 20, 1885 

Bro. Rev. W. Mainprize seconded Bro. Hopkins' 
amendment;. He thought if the money were retained 
in the districts, the needed help would be obtained. 
They did not want a brother to oome to speak at public 

Bro. Alexander, Suffolk, referred to the progress 
the Rechabites had made in contrast to an declension. 
They had increased 10,000, while we had lost 5,000. It 
could hardly be because of bad trade, or the same 
cause would affect them ; it must be attributable to 
some disaffection within the Order, or the members 
would stop in it. 

Bro. Kempster thought they had pretty well ex- 
hausted the subject, He heartily supported Bro. E. 
Wood's amendment. He for one had no doubt as to 
the meaning of the G.W.C.T.'s cireular. He read it 
before inserting it in the Watchword, and he was 
present at the Essex D.Lodge when it was discussed, 
and he heard their D.C.T. say there was no doubt 
about the proposal being voluntary. He acquiesced 
in that reply, and on again reading the passage 
in the circular (as he now did to the G.L.,) 
he said no other reasonable construction 
could be put upon the language employed. But it 
was evident the G.W.C.T. did not so intend it, and the 
words were capable of misconstruction. But the 
districts had, in the main, voted with that impression, 
that the scheme was to be voluntary, and it was 
useless for them to adopt any other system, for the 
simple reason that they could not carry it. It was 
dear they still had a great interest in the work, and 
the debate shewed the sort of work they desired. If 
they voted for Bro. Wood's amendment, they would 
all be satisfied, for those who wanted the voluntary 
Bystem would have it, and those who favoured com- 
pulsion could apply it to themselves. He hoped they 
would now be prepared to vote. 

The opinion of Grand Loige was then gathered by 
dividing the subject, and the first vote was taken as 
to the principle of collection, whether it was to be 
voluntary or compulsory. The compulsory proposal 
was first put and lost by an almost unanimous vote. 

The next vote was almost unanimous in favour of 
Bending the money to District Lodges. 

The proposal that the Distriot Lodges should retain 
all the money was almost unanimously lost, and the 

The proposal that half should be retained for work 
in the District, and half remitted to Grand Lodge for 
national expenditure, and for the change to come into 
operation on the 1st August, was almost unanimously 

Bro. Rev. W. Mottram then said that all reforms 
took time and urged that an immediate appeal be 
made in the Watchword for funds. He referred to 
a visit to his District by Bro. Scott. A gentleman 
who heard Bro. Scott said that such a lecture was 
worth 10 or 20 others. On the next day he 
took Bro. Scott round to gentlemen at their offices 
and obtained several subscriptions. They ought to 
go outside like the U.K. A. ; theirs was a great move- 
ment, and good people ought to Bupport it heartily. 

Bro.WiNTON moved that the W.V.T. should go round 
with the box in the Lodge at statei intervals. Those who 
had given once need not give again, but some would be 
willing to give often as they could afford. This 
was seconded, but was tabled, and it was afterwards 
resolved by a large majority to depute the collection 
to the W.F.S., or such other member of the Lodge as 
the Lodge may designate. 

Bro. Moloney moved that the money be remitted 
with the tax quarterly. This was adopted, and the 
remainder of the details were referred to the Execu- 

Bro. Boyd then moved : — 

"That this Grand Lodge heartily thanks all who have 
subscribed, or assisted in the collection of subscriptions 
to our National Mission Fund, for their valued assist- 
ance and support ; also, that in the opinion of this G.L., 
if Good Templary is to maintain its present position in 
many Districts — to say nothing of the absolute necessity 
there is for a general and determined advance all along 
the line — we must have additional outside active ajreres- 
sive work, as well as earnest and persistent effort inside 
our Lodges, with a view to encouraging our members in 
all parts of the jurisdiction to labour more earnestly for 
total abstinence and prohibition ; and, further pledge 
ourselves to do all in our power to impress upon Lodges 
and members the necessity of helping on this important 
work; also, that an opportunity be now given to those 
present to enrol themselves as subscribers to this fund." 

Sister M. E. Docwra seconded the above. She said 
that in Esaex, by means of the help afforded by the 
Mission Fond, they had done more last year than pre- 
viously, and she earnestly supported increased help to 
the Fund. 

Bro. Rev. W. Mottram then moved to add the follow- 
ing :— 

" That it be an instruction to the Executive to ipsue 
as soon as may be, a special circular to the Lodges, also 
an appeal in the Watchword, informing our friends 
of the proposed changes of management and asking 
for increased funds." 

The foregoing resolutions were unanimously 
adopted . 

Bro. D. Y. Scott, who was warmly received, then 
rose and stated that whatever arrangement the 
G.L, Executive might come to, funds were urgently 

needed immediately, and he trusted they would be 
forthcoming. Papers had been prepared on which 
they were invited to give their promises. He would 
be glad to receive their donations or their promises. 

The InstaUation of Officers 
was now conducted by Bro. W. W. Turnbull, 
R.W.G.S., who was assisted by Bro. Potter, G.W.C.T. 
(Channel Islands), as Installing Marshal, and by 
Sister C. Impey, as Deputy Marshal. The following 
is a list of the officers installed : — 
G.W.C.T., Bro. Joseph Malins. 
G.W.C., Bro. Councillor George Dodds. 
G.S.J.T., Sister Lydia Walshaw. 
G.E.S., Bro. John Kempster. 
G.W.V.T., Sister Mrs. Robson.W. Cheshire. 
G.W.S., Bro. J. B. Collings. 
G.W.T., Bro. Edward Wood. 
G.W.M., Bro. J. Derrington, Worcester. 

The above are the elected officers who form the 

The following are the appointed officers : — 
G. Guard, Henry Wilson, Yorks., Cleveland, 
G Sent., E. A. Gower, Suffolk. 
Assist. G.Sec, J. E. Poulter, Warwick. 
G.D.Marshal, Eliza J. Clarke, Somerset, W. 
G.Mesaenger, J. B. Childs, Huntingdon. 
P.G.W.C.T., John Edwards. Lancashire, S.E. 

On the conclusion of the initiation, the G.W.C.T. 
was received with hearty rounds of applause, on 
caking the seat to which he had been for the 16th 
time unanimously re-elected. He addressed the Lodge 
and said he was sure they were all too weary and their 
time too short for him to speak at any length. It was 
not necessary he should say muoh about himself. He 
had heard the charge and it found an echo in his 

Neither need he say much of his colleagues. Their 
old friend, Bro. DoddB, needed no introduction. 
He was like an old rugged British oak, sound and true 
to the core. 

Sister Walshaw was a more delicate tree. It was 
evident that if their sister was to remain long in this 
world she must be taken care of, and brethren must ab- 
stain from inviting her to address public meet- 
ings. It was well to have officers able to 
speak, but without this she was one who could 
in all respects »ive more than satisfaction in the per- 
formance of her duties. She answered thousands of 
letters each year, and had the able help of her hus- 
band in the work. Bro. Walshaw also gave hundreds 
of valuable hours to the work. While Sister Walshaw 
had the mind to plan, and the heart and will to work, 
she was not gifted with that physical strength that 
would allow her to engage in public work. 

He was glad again to welcome Bro. Kempster as 
their political leader. It was something comical that 
some members of Grand Lodge Bhould now and then 
seem to be pulling him straight after his jeara of effort 
to pull them straight. It would be the keenest disap- 
pointment to him were Bro. Kempster to cease to 
occupy a seat upon the G.L. Executive. 

Their G.W.V.T. was a new officer to them, but had 
occupied various offices in the Subordinate and Dis- 
trict Lodges with great honour and advantage,and she 
was all he would like a G.W.V.T. to be. Had she 
signed her name to the many pleasing contributions 
from her pen that had appeared in the Watchword 
her name would be familiar to them ; but in future, 
when they saw the signature of "Anna, West Ches- 
shire," they would know the authoress as their 

Their G.W.S., Bro. Collings, could not be, nobody 
could be, such a G. W # S. as the one they had lost ; but 
there was not one in this Grand Lodge, apart from 
Bro. Woods, in whose hands he could see the work 
with more confidence than in Bro. Collings', in spite 
of his radical tendencies. But radical as he was, 
they generally came to an agreement, and united in 
one conclusion. 

He also heartily welcomed Bro. Edward Wood, 
their G.W.Tr,, back to the Execucive. He was very 
sorry when they lost his services, and he was re- 
joiced to greet him once more as his colleague. 

Their G.W.Ch. had done in his own District of E. 
and M. Surrey all that a good chaplain could do. He 
would dignify the Order and do good work wherever 
he might be. He had now removed into Shropshire, 
a district that greatly need his help. 

He had long known their Bro. Derrington as an 
ardent spirit in Temperance reform. He had laboured 
for some 25 years in the Temperance cause, and in 
recent years had wrought in the county of Worcester 
as the devoted D.C.T. of that county. 

Their G.D.M., Sister Clarke, had been unanimously 
chosen the D.C.T. of West Somerset, and she was the 
liveliest and best Good Templar of her District. 

Their G. Guard, Bro. Captain Wilson, of the Cleve- 
land District Lodge, was a thorough captain. He was 
almost as rabid a political Templar as Bro. Kempster, 
and a real worker in their go^d cause, 

Bro. Gower, D.C.T. of Suffolk, their Grand 
Sentinel, had charge of a large county, had been many 
years a District officer, and had pulled his District 
through many troubles. It was a District that never 
asked for help and never got it. 

Bro. Childs, their Grand Messenger, represented 
the smallest District, where he was honoured and re- 
spected. As D.C.T. , of Hunts, he lived where he had 
to face hurricanes of abuse and where non-Temperance 
men honoured him, though some old Temperance men 
did not stand by him becauee of his hearty consistency. 

Their P.G.W.C.T., Bro. John Edwards, had been 
D.E.D. in the neighbouring Districtof N.E. Lancashire 
for some yearB. Some persona pronounced this word 
electorial and Borne said electrical. Bro. Edwards was 
the electrical deputy in his District, and now he is 
D.C.T. in this District where Peter Spence had in 
former years spent much money. He had taken hold 
of the District splendidly,and the whole District would 
be proud that so devoted and earnest a D.C.T. was re- 
ceived and recognised by this Grand Lodge. 

In eonclusion, he had only again to say for himself 
that he did not hold office by inheritance or by right of 
succession. Every year the office became vacant and 
he ceased to be G.W.C.T. He stood on the same foot- 
ing with themselves, all were equally eligible to be 
named for that chair. He had during the paat year 
been blessed with increased health and strength, and 
these had been wholly given to the interests of the 
Order for which he had wrought so many years. 
What he had done he would do better if he could. 

Presentation to Bro. J. J.Woods, P.G-W.S. 

At this stage, a very handsome mahogany library 
writing-table, lined with eatin-wood, enclosed in 
cylinder revolving top, with cabinet drawers, and two 
nests of pedestal drawers, was introduced into the hall, 
and addressing Bro. J. J.Woods, the G.W.C.T. said the 
very pleasing duty devolved upon him in the name of 
a number of the members of Grand Lodge to ask his 
acceptance of the table now before them. If they 
attempted to present any adequate token of their 
indebtedness, he did not know what they should give 
him ; certainly nothing leas than this Town Hall. 
(Cheers and laughter.) But he did not need their 
gifts, and yet he thought, with his clerical mind— he 
did not speak in ecclesiastical sense — he would appre- 
ciate this table, and would be gratified to have some- 
thing to remind him of those for whom he bad 
wrought. That cabinet would do well to go into the 
new house he was building, and would remind 
him that there existed thousands who honoured his 
name and valued him for his work. Ever 
since he had been G.W. Secretary, he, Bro. M. t 
had felt entire confidence and security as to all the 
work under his supervision. He recognised in his a 
master mind that had served us as no Grand Lodge 
waa ever served before. HiB remembrance of them, 
he waa sure, would not expire with thia gift, and they 
would Btill have his counsel and help. He had great 
pleasure in presenting to him this kindly token of 
their gratitude and esteem. 

J. J. Woods, who waa^very heartily cheered, ad 
dressing the G.W.C.T., said he had pleasure in accept- 
ing this token of the esteem of the members of Grand 
Lodge, and thanked them for the kind treatment they 
had accorded him and the spirit underlying this 
presentation. In declining office he was not leaving 
the G.L. of England. He confessed he felt pain at 
parting from them officially, but pressing |business 
cares, and responsibilities — not that he bad ever 
neglected his duties — but increasing responsibilities 
compelled him to relinquish this work. He would 
like briefly to refer to their Grand Lodge 
finances. Four years ago the Grand Lodge, was in 
a solvent state, and it was so to-day ; during 
the four years its ordinary expenditure had been 
within its ordinarf income, and but for extraordinary 
matters such as the Charter Suit and the Watchword 
Libel Suit, we should to-day scarcely have needed an 
overdraft at the bank. During that period our 
trading had brought us in over £1,400, and would 
have done more, but our desire bad been to supply 
Lodges with their needed supplies as cheaply as pos- 
sible, rather than to make a large profit. They could 
now afford to cancel two items in the assets, 
the Mission Fund and Charter Suit depreciate 
their stocks 40 per cent., and then they would be 
Bolvent. Representatives need not go away under any 
misapprehension that they were financially in- 
solvent. Certain burdens were handed down to the 
Exeoutive, when he first joined it, which he regretted 
he handed on to his successors. He hoped they would 
not have again to pass them on next year. The 
Charter Suit- was like a millstone round the neck of the 
G.Lodge ; always coming on, but it hadnotcemeyet. 
He hoped, however, they were within measurable dis- 
tance of getting it settled. They were pledged to 
raise the necessary funds to discharge their liability, 
and when the matter was settled, he hoped their re- 
sponse would be hearty and prompt, and they would 
relieve their officers from anxiety ; they would all then 
be more free to work for the Order. He thanked them 
again, and trusted they would do increased work for 
the Order, and that the membership would advance. 
He urged them to support the Home Mission Fund, so 
that Good Templary might take its place in public 
estimation as so great an organisation ought. He 
hoped to meet them next year at Newport, 
and agaiu to see all who met here. Bro. 
Mansergh had invited him to a seat on the Credential 
Committee, which had plenty of work; he could not 
live without plenty to do. They had a strong Exeou- 

April 20, 1885. 



tive, possessed of all the talent?. He wished them 
God-speed, and that next year they might be able to 
present a more satisfactory report than the retiring- 
executive had done. 


Sister M. E. Docwra, P.G.W.V.T., then rose and 
requested Bro. Woods to convey to Sister Wood a the 
Tea Urn (a most elegant silvern urn) which was 
displayed upon the table, as an acknowledgment 
from tbe sisters of Grand Lodge of her kindness and 
the sacrifice she had made in permitting Bro. Woods 
to serve them so long. 

Bro. Woods, acknowledged the gift on behalf of his 
sister, who. he said, was a thorough-going Good Tem- 
plar, and would, he was sure, appreciate the kind 
feeling that prompted this present, though she did 
not always agree with what Grand Lodge did, nor did 
even the G.W.C.T. himself. This would be a very 
pleasing memento of his four years' service. He 
thought that though he had retired from this office 
Sister Woods would not expect to see him oftener, 
fur she would be quite sure he would be dragged into 
something else. He had a little girl who was learning 
music, and a friend said to her the other day, " Now 
your brother is home you will have someone to help 
you," but she replied that her brother was as bad as 
her father, and had a meeting every night. His eldest 
sou had attended this Grand Lodge, and taken hia 
degree, and when asked his opinion of Grand Lodge, 
he replied that they had too much talk and too little 
work. He again heartily thanked them for their 
great kindness. 


Your committee beg to report the amount available 
for the mileage of the representatives to the present 
Beesion of Grand Lodge is £305 7s. 8d. 

Your committee estimate the number of miles at 
27,858 npon which mileage Bhould be paid, and recom- 
mend that 2d. per mile be allowed, with the further 
sum of 12s. to each representative for expenses, which 
leaves a balance of £17 8s. 3d., to be carried forward 
to the mileage account. 

(Signed) A. J. Whitehead. 

Benjamin Tree. 
Charles Gibson. 
William McCubry. 
Thomas Goate. 

Distinguished Visitors. 

The following distinguished vieitors were received 
with due honours on the Tuesday morning : — 

Bro. Oskar Eklund, G.W.S., and R.W.G.M., Sweden. 

Bro. James Caithness, G.W.S., Ireland. 

Bro. Rev. George Gladstone, P.R.W.G.T., Scotland. 

Bro. TV. T. Raper, G.W.C.T., Wales (English). 

Sister Raper, Cardiff. 

Bro. Potter, G.W.C.T., Channel Isles. 

Bro. G. P. Ivey, P.G.W.Tr., Wales. 

Bros. Gladstone and Raper relieved the G.W.C.T. at 
intervals by presiding over the Grand Lodge. 

We have now reached the dinner hour of Friday in 
our report, and we are compelled to hold over the 
remainder till next week, for not only is our space 
occupied, but our time and strength are also spent. We 
have endeavoured to give as full and faithful 
a picture of the proceedings as possible, and regret we 
cannot complete it in this issue. We have reported, 
at greater length than formerly, the most interesting 
debates of the session. The only subject of special 
interest not already reported, besides such of the 
resolutions on the digest as were dealt with, is the 
question of the Provident Fund. There was not much 
new said about this proposal, but the principle of 
haviDg such a fund was sanctioned, and the matter 
was referred to the Executive to prepare a scheme to 
be submitted to the Sub-Lodges before November 1 
next, further action to be postponed to next session 
of Grand Lodge. 

A Chairman of Quarter Sessions on Temper- 
ance, — At the North Holland Quarter Sessions, held 
at Boston, on April (J, the chairman, Colonel Moore, 
in charging the grand jury, remarked :— The only 
events of local interest which have occurred since last 
Quarter Sessions are two. ODe is the postponement of 
the contemplated addition to the Bracebridge Lunatic 
Asylum, which would have entailed a very serious 
charge upon the ratepayers, and one which in these 
bad times the magistrates of this division unanimously 
opposed, more especially as they did not recognise the 
immediate or urgent necessi y for incurring such an 
expense, as they rely upon the gradual but steady in- 
crease of Temperance, which must eventually tend to 
lessen the amount of insanity in the country ; for 
intemperance is well known to be one of ihe greatest I 
factors of lunacy, as it is also of poverty and crime. 

Is IT TRUB that the magistrates, if they like, can close 
every public-house, as stated in No Vested Interest 
in Licences {6d., with Appendix) ; and that any person j 
can oppose the renewal of a license, as shewn in How to 
Shut up a Public Hoose (3d., from Bro. Amery, Bland- ; 
ford, Dorset), yet, in opposition to Licences, Yoob j 



A great demonstration was held on Wednesday 
evening in the Free Trade Hall, under the presidency 
of Bro. Joseph Malins, G.W.C.T. There was a very 
large attendance of the public, and the brethren and 
sisters of the Order were present in full force, attired 
in regalia. After the singing of an opening ode, 
"Standing by a Purpose True," and prayer by Bro. 
Rev. W. Mottram, G.W.Ch., and a chorus by the choir 
" March of the Patriots " (Adams). 

The G.W.C.T., Bro.MALiws.who was enthusiastically 
cheered, said : "One of tbe last lines of the piece 
just sung contains an appropriate text from 
which, if theie was time, I could preach a 
sermon. It asks you to join a mighty band of 
patriots. The Temperance men of this country are a 
trnly mighty band of patriotic souls. Their patriotism 
is that which realises the words of Scripture which 
say, not "Revenue exalteth a nation, "but "Righteous- 
ness exalteth a nation." The Temperance people of 
this country constitute a great and mighty 
band who would uphold and exalt the welfare 
of the nation— I mean their moral and spiritual 
welfare — as being a matter of vastly more im- 
portance than the filling of the nation's treasury with 
revenue derived from an unnatural Tame, On 
the greatest and mightiest sections of this great 
mighty band is our Independent Order of Good 
Templars, an organisation whose history and work I 
have outlined so many times, and whose history and 
work I shall possibly have to outline many more 
times. Originating in New York State in 1851, it 
was extended to this country in 1868, and having taken 
root in Old England, it was extended to Wales, and 
afterwards planted in Scotland, and Scotland reached 
out a helping hand to "Ould Ireland," and planted the 
organisation there. And having begun to cover the 
country, the international inspiration of Good Tem- 
plary— an inspiration akin to that which moved our 
Divine Master when He said : ''Go ye into all the world 
and preach the Gospel to every creature " — under the 
inspiration of a spirit like this, the Good Templars of 
the United Kingdom determined to send forth their 
missionary workers into all the world to preach the 
Gospel of Temperance to every country that is 
cursed by the curse of drink. And so, in Norway, 
and in Sweden, which country is represented here 
to-night, and in Denmark, and Holland, and Belgi 
and Germany, and on the rock of Gibraltar, and at 
Malta, and in Egypt ; in India, in Arabia, and in Cey- 
lon, in China and Japan, our message has been car- 
ried, frequently by Christian missionaries, who had 
learned to mourn over the fact that in years gone by 
the vessels which carried copies of the Gospel to the 
benighted heathen world carried in their holds thou- 
sands of gallons of rom, to do worse than neutralise the 
teaching of the Christian missionaries. The Good 
Templars rejoiced in the fact that Temperance could 
go hand in hand with Christianity ; and so Christian 
missionaries at the onset became the first missionaries 
of Good Templary to many lands. An English Scrip- 
ture reader went out to India, and established our 
Order amidst great difficulty in our Indian Empire. 
Another Christian minister carried our Order to the 
South Seas, to the extreme south of New Zealand. 
And other ministers carried it to other places. But we 
soon utilised other agencies, for we were able to enlist 
the sympathies of the jolly Jack Tars who man 
Her Majesty's navy, and in numbers of cases these 
gallant men never forgot the principles that we bad 
taught them. They had the leave of the captain to 
hold their Good Templar Lodge meetings in some out 
of the way place at the boitom of the vessel, where 
they said, the thermometer of their temporary Lodge- 
room was at HO, and bo they had to adjourn without 
waiting for "harmony" as they called it. And as our 
vessels have gone to North America, to the maritime 
provinces of British North America, and to the West 
India Islands, Bermuda, Trinidad, Barbadoes. 
St. Kitt's, St. Vincent, Jamaica, and other islands, 
those noble-spirited Jack Tars have sought every 
opportunity when the vessel put into port, to gain 
leave from the captain to go ashore to teach Temper- 
ance to the black people and the people that were 
white, ard to the people who were neither black nor 
white, but — striped, I suppose ! Many British seamen 
used, ongoing to thoseoutlying ports, toget a few hours 
ashore, and did that which only debased and degraded 
the British name. Our soldiers, too, have proved ad- 
mirable missionaries. A few years a^o, it was declared 
by even soldiers themselves, that the rulesof the War 
Office prohibited Good Templary in connection with 
the Army. And so it would seem that the rules did. 
But the great work that Good Templary has done in 
the Army has resulted, in numbers of cases in officers 
who used to be very chary of giving their soldiers 
leave of absence for a night, lest they should have 
trouble to get them back into barracks, simply requir- 
ing a list of the members of a Good Templar Lodge in 
the regiment, and if the applicant for leave of absence 
for the whole evening gave hia name and it was 
found on the list, the permission was instantly 
given, fur a Good Templar was safe out 
of barracks as well as in. And our soldier brethren 
have carried our standard to many distant lands. A 
little while ago a past officer of our Grand Lodge insti- 
tuted a Lodge at Cairo called " Egypt's First." There 

were ie?imental Lodges in Egypt which we had sent 
out from England and which had arrived from India ; 
but this one has been instituted on Egyptian soil. 
Just then another officer being ordered to the Soudan 
wrote to me expressing the pleasure he had, before he 
started for the battle-field, in running down to 
Alexandria and organising a Lodge among our soldiers 
there. And still later, when a man-of-war put 
into the port of Alexaudria, it was a "Soldier brother 
who boarded that ship and organised a Lodge amongst 
the marines on board that ironolad. And these people 
do not forget the old country ; for though at Christ- 
mas time they had neither snow nor frost, and pro- 
bably rone of our English roast beef or plum pudding 
they nevertheless determined to have a Christmas 
tree, and they accordingly gave a Christmas-tree enter- 
tainment, and for what purpose ? For the benefit of 
our Good Templar Orphanage, and sent a handsome 
sum home. Our jolly JackTars have some English pride 
of race about them ; but with sober minds and clear 
heads they were glad to be missionaries of sobriety to 
the poor blacks on the continent of Africa. A few 
weeks ago the ex-Bishop of Sierra Leone presided over 
a meeting which I addressed, in the Isle of Wight 
and he said that when he was at Freetown, one of 
Her Majesty's war vessels put into port, the " Active," 
and, he said, the seamen were active in harmony with 
the name of their ship. A lot of them were Good 
Templars, and had leave of absence on shore, 
and instead of enjoying themselves on a holiday 
they extended a fraternal hand to the freed slaves of 
Freetown, and planted the Good Templar Order, 
initiating these black men into fellowship with their 
Lodge, and left a Lodge permanently organised, which 
has multiplied into other successful Good Templar 
Lodges. Away yonder in Natal, in the Cape Colony, 
in Griqaaland and the Orange Free State, and the 
Transvaal ; all these countries we have annexed by 
the instrumentality of the Order. And in the West 
Indies, and in the South American countries our Order 
is firmly planted ; and in Uruguay the first Spanish 
total abstinence society that ever existed has been 
established, and its form is that of the Aurora Lodge, 
No. 1 of the I.O.G.T.iin that Republic. I have recently 
sent powers to officers to institute the Grand Lodge of 
South Australia and of Madras. I am in constant 
communication with brethren in New Zealand ,and have 
been glad to send to them our fraternal greetings at 
the hand of the King of the Maoris and his chiefs, whom 
we initiated. lam glad to seeto-night we have the high 
offhers of our Order representing a number of these 
countries. We have with us the G.W.C.T. *s of Soot- 
land, Ireland, and Wales, and a high official of 
our Order representing the Scandinavian peoples, 
and last, not least, the ex-Premier of New Zealand, 
who is the P.G.W.C.T. of the Grand Lodge there. 
With such a platform we may expect an enjoyable and 
cheerful meeting. I can only regret that the partial 
weariness incidental to the excessive continuous duties 
pertaining to a Grand Lodge Session like ours prevents 
my more effectively expounding our Order in this pie- 
liminary address. Our objects, however, are pretty 
clearly known nowadays. If people want to give 
utterance to the namo which expresses every- 
thing that is thorough-going as to the Temperance 
cause, they have only to mention the name of the 
1.0 G.T. 

Bro. Sir W. Fox, P.G/W.C.T., of New Zealand, who 
was most cordially received, said : Grand Worthy 
Chief Templar, Ladies and Gentlemen, Brothers and 
Sisters, I have great pleasure in standing on this 
platform once again to see the Grand Worthy Chief 
Templar of England face to face. The old Pagans 
used to tell of a wonderful giant in their times, called 
Briarteus, who had 100 arms and 100 heads, and, 
I suppose, a hand at the end of each arm. 
Well, if I had the pleasure of shaking 
hands wich you all, I should require the hands 
of a Briarajus ; but a* I have only two, and they are 
not sufficiently long, I must be content with recipro- 
cating in a most cordial manner tbe kind welcome 
you have given me, by thanking you for the cordiality 
with which you have received me. It is right it 
should be so, for I have come from a very far distant 
land, where I have been fighting this battle, and we 
want encouragement to keep us going, and to keep 
our hearts warm in the cause. When I saw the great 
gathering, and the great work that was being done, 
in your Grand Lodge, it was an encouragement to 
us to do likewise. In New Zealand we have a 
very great responsibility as to the drink traffic. It ia 
one that weighs heavily upon my mind. You have 
heard from your G.W.C.T., just now, an allusion to 
some of tbe natives of that country, the Maoris, as we 
call them, who have been lately initiated into this Good 
Templar Order, and have gone back, intending to pro- 
mote it in that remote country. But, my friends, why 
i* there any necessity for them to carry out this insti- 
tution to those remote lands? That is what 
I want to know. When we first became ac- 
quainted with those natives, when Captain Cook 
first dropt anchor in one of their beautiful bays, the 
natives did not know what strong drink meant. The 
idea of a drunkard had not entered into their minds. 
What intoxication was they did not know ; for they 
had nothing to make them intoxicated. When Captain 
Cook handed a glass of wine to the great chief, when 
he tasted it, with one of the natural dictates of 



April 20, 1885. 

humanity he spat it out, calling- it by the name 
of stinking- water. But, my friends, I am 
sorry to say that the natural taste was corrupted 
after a time, and by the means of trade and commerce, 
and by the very ships that carried out the miesion- 
rries, drink was introduced, and the natives acquired 
a pns^inn for it that unless it cau be stopped it must in 
a generation or two sweep away the whole of that race 
from the country. It has done much toward that 
already ; and if they continue in the habits they have 
acqnired from us in very few years you may write on 
1 he monument of the last Maori native inhabitant of 
that land : " Died of British rum." But, please God, 
there may be a chang-e yet, and as you have heard that 
1 he man who styles himself the king— well, he was 
not the king of the country, but repre- 
sented two important tribes that had 
disputed the sovereignty of our Queen in that country, 
and according to the usage of a portion of his own 
people, has been designated the king — has gone out to 
spread Temperance amongst his people. It was none 
too soon for him to become a Good Templar, for his 
own previous career was not a sober one ; but I am 
glad to find that the first thing he did on his return 
was to announce his determination to adhere to the 
principles of Good Templary and carry it out amongst: 
his people. More than that, it has given other 
matters a new turn. Ever since we went there 
we have had political troubles with that race. 
Those whom we call rebels, as in opposition to the 
British authority, had been Christianised before, 
abandoned Christianity and re-adopted their old 
paganism, a jumble of the Old Testament, a little of 
the New Testament,and of Paganism and cannibalism, 
and many other 'isms. They threw off the Christian 
faith, but now, the fir3t thing since that man's return 
has been for him to say, " We will consider about 
going back to the Christian religion," and be has 
communicated with the missionary, and told him 
of his intention to re-adopt Christianity. And 
his supporters have followed, with this remarkable 
feature; they say : "We don't know which of your 
numerous sects to join, you have so many phases ; but 
whichever we decide to join it must be one that has 
the blue ribbon in it I " Now, I have no hesitation in 
saying that had not our excellent Order made that 
king and his three chiefs Good Templars and sent 
them out with the vows of Templary, they would not 
have arrived at so satisfactory a conclusion. Now, the 
colonists were not altogether to blame in the 
matter of the New Zealanders and the drink. 
It was you that gave them the taste for strong 
drink. You who stayed at home had much 
to do with it. The big brewers, distillers, and 
wine merchants that/stored the ships with this abomin- 
able, miserable, wretched liquor, that is destroying 
the Maori race, it was they who were responsible as 
much as those who had the actual distribution of the 
liquor in the country. The responsibility is a heavy 
one, and rests upon us ; and it is right that we should 
dispel the strong drink from the race* that have been 
damaged by it. Good Templary is spreading. The 
Maoris by thousands have adopted the blue ribbon and 
banished the use of strong drink ; and this is the 
only chance there is to save the race for a little 
longer period. One thing I am glad to see in the 
reports of what has been passing in your Grand Lodge 
during the past few days, and that is the determination 
which you shew in reference to the political and legis- 
lative aspect of the question. Good Templary com- 
bines not only the moral suasion principle of convert- 
ing the individual from the error of his way, but it 
goes further. The peculiarity of the drink question is 
that it is not merely the sin of the individual man 
which may be cured oy that man's conversion, but it it 
the sin of the nation The liquor traffic is built upon 
the foundation of Acts of Parliament, and it is only 
by the passing of other Acts of 1 Parliament that you 
will ever get rid of that feature of the case. It is 
a great national sin and not only an individual one, 
and as I believe that all great national sins are 
followed by great national visitations, we shall never 
have that prospericy which this country ought to 
enjoy until we get rid of this terrible incubus from 
our midst arcl that must be done by legislative action. 
I was thinking the other night about Egypt. Many 
of us have been thinking about that country 
with sad hearts. But I was not just then 
thinking of the Egypt of the present day, but 
of 3,60 ) years ago, of that terrible nigh t 
when the Lord passed over the land of Egypt and slew 
the firstborn, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat 
upon the throne to the firstborn of the captive in the 
dungeon. Itwasaterriblenight, such a nightashasnever 
been before or since ; and there came a great ontcry 
such as was never heard before; aud well it might; for 
probably among that nation of 14 or 15 millions of 
people there might be dead 1 or U millions. My 
friends, we have a greater calamity than this. That was 
a calamity that happened once in the history of a 
nation, it happened one night, but we have a 
calamity which is permanent, periodical, constant, 
which is sweeping away not only the firstborn of the 
family, but the breadwinner, and the mother, and 
never ceasing its ravages. If we do not stay it we 
shall still have this terrible curse and pestilence among 
ns because of its spreading oonsequences. The point 
of the case is this. What did the Egyptians do when 

thi3 calamity came upon them ? They sought for lb 
cause. They had some hints given, for som< 
months before ; but when the calamity culminated 
in that frightful shape, they looked it in 
face, and found i« was the presence of the children of 
Israel in their land. And then what did they 1 With- 
out a moment's delay they thrust them out, and got 
rid of the cause of the pestilence. That is what we 
have to do. There is nothing else for it. This great 
calamity will remain with us until we do as they did. 
Look the cause in the face, and thrust that; cause 
from our midst. You who are o-ganised for the 
purpose of thrusting it out, in both its forms, by 
personal abstinence, and by closing up those public- 
houses and drink-shops, out of which the evil 
proceeds. A great struggle is coming upon 
this country. It will be greater than ever before, I am 
not talking about politics ; but the great extension of 
the franchise will spread the area of political action 
very much wider than before, and it will be your 
business to enlighten the minds of the new electors 
who for the first time in the history of the nation will 
have the power of making the Parliament. You will 
have to inspire them with the desire to regulate their 
action, and to make and control that Parliament which 
only can sweep away the legislative evil that now exists 
in reference to this cause. I intensely desire that 
your Order may crow, and that when the time comes 
for striking the blow, it will be decisive, and put the 
liquor out of the country for ever. (Cheers.) 

Bro. John Kemfster, G.E.3.. then moved the 
following resolution in a speech which was frequently 
id heartily applauded : — 

" That this meeting declares its conviction that the 
no has nrrived fur Parlianiant to grant the national 
demand for the Direct Local Veto upon the issue of 
:ences for the sale of intoxicating liquors." 
Bno. Gilbert Archer, G.W.C.T., Scotland, 
seconded the motion. After apologising for the absence 
of Bro. Rev. George Gladstone, who had had to return 
to Scotland to fulfil a pressing engagement, he said he 
tood there with some reservation,havingto speak after 
a senator, and after a future senator,and it sethira 
thinking whether he should stand for some burgh in his 
own country. (Cheers.) Then he would be able to stand 
on a level with the brethren who had addressed them. 
Allow him in seconding the resolution to say first, 
with regard to the general work of Temperance in 
Scotland, there seemed to him to be there a very 
pleasant state of things. It seemed to him as if Scot- 
land was being moved iu regard to the Temperance 
question as it never had been before. He was re- 
ninded of a saying of General Grant's, when he saw 
. review of a portion of tho British army ; he was 
int a very poetical man, but he uttered 
his true and poetical sentiment: "These men have 
he swing of victory about them." So when he (the 
peaker) looked at the Grand Lodge of England, aud 
then at the Temperance ranks in his own country, he 
felt there was " a swing of victory about them." He 
rejoiced that this question w;is making progress in 
their midst ; and he took credit, though a foreigner 
in a strange land -(laughter) — that Good Templary 
had done much in Scotland during the last 15 years to 
educate the public mind, to plough deep the truths of 
Temperance ir to the consciences of the people 
bis own land, educating the public mind, 
til to-day there was a ripening of public opinion 
that was full of promise. He would say no more on 
the general question. He was, however, thinking as 
he sat there, that that magnificent ball had rung 
with speeches on reform of various kinds. Did they 
ever study the history of reform, of all reforms? 
They would find there were three stages in the history 
of all true reforms. There was the first start. A 
truth entered the mind and fell from human lips. 
There stood a man who inaugurated the reform ; for a 
time it might be like "a voice crying in the 
wildernesss ; " there were plenty to scoff and 
point at him as a fanatic But he boldly 
uttered the truth, inspired as it were by Divine en- 
thusiasm and conscious that he was in the right. At 
last tho truth began to attract attention ; others took 
hold of it, and his followers multiplied : and there 
they stood, a noble band. Now came thesecond period, 
the period of opposition. The truth came into col- 
lision with men's interests and prejudices. Truth and 
error grappled with each other. Then the truth, 
though sometimes so buried and hidden amid the 
error that you could scarcely trace it, came uppermost, 
and justice was done to it. Then came the third 
period, the stage of general acceptance, when the 
once-despised truth got possession of the public mind, 
and entered into the national life, and found its way 
into the legislature of the land. Where were they 
to-day iu the Temperance reformation 1 They had 
had their national conventions, they had passed reso- 
lutions, they had held public meetings ; very good. 
Now, like the panot, after the monkey had by its 
mist-hievousness caused an explosion, they asked : 
' : What will come next V There was truth in the 
reolution he was seconding. He felt they 
were right to a man in demanding from the 
Govenment of the country what it indicated. The 
whole question, so far as legislation was concerned, 
was fraught with disability. They were fettered and 
bound. They had not fair play in this fight with tho 
terrible confederation of drinkdom.They were muzzled 

at the moment, and what they said to the Government 
was, " Unmuzzle us, give us fair play in the House of 
Commons." And if the Government would give the 
people the power of dealing with the traffic they 
would be satisfied. For in Scotland there were places 
which would speedily rid themselves of the 
incubus and evil of the whole system. He be- 
lieved in what Bro. Kemps ter had said : " We shall 
never be right until we have that power." They felt 
this in regard to the Good Templar movement. There 
were people whom they had brought into their frater- 
nal circle by many efforts of prayer, persuasion, and 
effort ; and they had to mourn over numbers of them 
being drawn back again by the terrible power of the 
temptation that stood right and left of them, and of 
the appetita still rankling within them. They wanted 
to deal with the evil as it ought to be dealt with. You 
could not reform it. That was impossible. You could 
not compromise with evil. That would be wrong. They 
must get rid of the evil altogether. The only true 
position of any Christian na'ion is. that this'is a wrong 
against both God and man, and ought not to be 
tolerated. We must be very earnest. We must be 
les3 compromising, especially as to the legislative 
aspect of the question. Some preaoh toleration. We 
have been tolerant of evil far too long already, and, 

night now to set about the work of letting the 
nation know what we want and that we are earnest 
in regard to what wo demand. After tho Scottish 

nissive Bill meeting in Scotland, Mr. Her- 
bert Gladstone, M.P., said to me in reply to my 
observation that he had been getting some Temper- 
se education : " We members of Parliament are not 
iily educated upon this question." They knew that, 
1 what they wanted was to educate them on that 
question; and if they would not be educated, if they 
were such dunces as not to take iu clear truisms which 
Temperance men were forcing upon them, then they 
st get rid of the dunces and let the democracy of 
the fufne send in more sensible men. (Cheers.) 
The resolution was put and carried unanimously. 
Bro. Oscar Eklu.xd, E.W.G.M., G.W.S. Sweden, 
humorously remarked, "In some countries speakers 
would not have finished where they commenced,' 1 but 
he thought it would have been better for him to 
finish before he began his speech. Bro. Archer did 
not express an unqualified joy at being present, but he 

Id. He was very glad to see such great 
Temperance work in England. He had, it was 

s seen many public-houses in England, but 
he had also seen many blue ribbons in the streets. 

?emed to him that the Temperance workers 
in England were not sleeping, but working. Ho 
begged them on behalf of hi* brethren in Sweden, to 

n ; for they had had very much good of ic. He 
had told them already that the Temperance cause in 
Sweden had been sent over from England ; and it was 

The first man who planted the Temperance move- 

t iu Sweden was an Englishman, and that was 50 

s ago, and at that time the King of Sweden 
allowed English books on Temperance to be sent over 
to that country. Many Swedes of great influence 
tarted a National Temperance Society; but there was 
only one member of it left. Bro. Malius knew him very 
well. But that National Temperance Association 
had some money to receive from the Government for 

, but they did nothing, they only took the money. 

But the Good Templar Order was doing the work, but 

had no money to receive from the Government, and 

did not want any. The Good Templar Order had 

•own every year, and had 5,000 pfeniugs, and over,in 

s cash. The people in Sweden sadly wanted the Order 

hen it was sent over. But some nvm of influence 

thought that the Order was coming into Sweden to 

destroy the Christian religion and to put down the 

■ from the throne ; and they came to him and 

: 'Tell ns if the Good Templar Order is 
a branch of the Russian Nihilists " ; but he 

: "No." They had no place to meet in when 
they began the movement, but now all the churches 
n Sweden were open to them, and many of the 
ministers were amongst them ; and they had about 
40 Gooi Templar houses in Sweden. Good Templar 
halls which they bad built. They had one house in 
Stockholm which was lighted by the electric light. 
Their influence in Sweden, he thought, was very 
'reat now. At the last eleotion to the Parliament 
a Sweden, the Conservative party came and said: 
Will you vote for our candidates '?" And the Liberal 
party came and said, " Will you vota for our candi- 
dates?" And the Templars said, "Yes; but you must 
take one of our candidates ou your list." The Conser- 
vatives would not ; but the Liberal party took oue,and 
they put him into Parliament. (Cheers.) And that 
had about 200 votes more than for the Conserva- 
tives. The Good Templar Order in Stockholm alone 
had 250 votes. When the king some time ago had a 

ier for the Parliament members, he had at the 
table special provisions for such as were Temperance 
men. Last year, in 1884, the Parliament of 
Sweden resolved that the public-houses should be closed 
on Sundays ; but the king would not sanction it as 
yet; but he hoped he would do so. because he had 

ral times said that he was very satisfied with the 
Good Templar Order and with the Temperance move- 
ment generally. He had, in fact, sometimes attended 
the Good Templar meetings, and at one of them he 
Baid that he was glad to see that the Good Templar 

April 20, 1885. 



movement was progressing. They had not such a large 
hall as the Free Trade Hall in Sweden : bub they had 
many smaller halls where they could meet. The 
largest hall in Sweden was a Good Templar hall, in a 
little town in the northern part of Sweden, and it 
waa large enough to hold r»ll ths inhabitants of the 
place. Another town was called the Good Templar 
town, for the minister of the State church was the 
W.C.T. of the Lodge, the Mayor wasD.G.W.C.T., and 
other magistrates were Lodge officers. He thought 
that it wa^ all right with Temperance iu Sweden. 
They would try to go on, to get more influence ; and 
they thought that the meeting of the R.W.G.L.W. 
would help them this summer. Bro. Archer had in- 
▼ited them to Scotland. He (Bro. Eklund) would 
invite them to come to S weden, for he wanted there 
to tell them something about the great brandy king, 
who waB said to have amassed hisriches by the sale of 
liquor. The Pall Mall Gaz-tte the other day said he 
was the greatest Temperanco worker iu Sweden ; but 
this was not so, for he was not the brandy king of that 
country. Let the English Templars come over to 
Sweden and help them, especially to work against the 
use of tobacco. (Cheers.) Because really there were 
men who ate tobacco as easily as Englishmen could 
drink beer. Ho hoped the Temperance men of 
England and elsewhere would go forward, and tha 1 
God would help and bless them all. 

Sister Eccles (Chorley) said the women could 
join hands with their brethren in thi3 great work of 
trying to save the country from the terrible curse 
drink. She trusted that the visit of the Grand Lod 
to Manchester would bring a blessing in their mid: 
Might the movement help the magistrates, especially 
their worships the Mayors of .Manchester and Salford, 
who had given the Templars such a kindly gi 
to that city, one of whom in his speech had 
expressod the nnomalous position in which he felt 
himself in having one day to convict criminals for 
being drunkards, aad on another day to sit on a bench 
that licensed the houses in which drunkards were 
manufactured. She trusted that the visit of the Grand 
Lodge would influence so many people to Join the 
Order that there would nob be so many criminals 
t? convict in future, and not so many public- 
houses to license. She hoped, too, that the churchas 
would be benefited in their religious life, and she 
appealed to all for their co-operation. 

Bro. Rev. Enoch Franks, R.W.S.J.T., said the 
future generation of men and women iu England 
would be just what they made the children of the 
present day. The Good Templar Order paid especial 
attention to the children. It was not too much to say 
that the work amongst the children was in advance of 
their other Temperance organisations, indeed this was 
so both as to the adult and the juvenile work. During 
the past year,the juvenile branch of the Order had made 
very decided and encouraging progress in the country ; 
but the great want was of earnest, zealous, plodding 
workers ; and he appealed to a number of his dear 
brethren who were debarred from working on behalf 
of the Juvenile Temples because of their indulgence 
in the use of tobacco. They had very clear, and 
strong, and fixed conviotions iu relation to the use of 
intoxicating drinks, and could express themselves 
very strongly in condemnation of those drinks, 
and of their common use. Let them pardon 
him if, without condemning their practice, 
he made an appeal to them to consider whether 
it was not worth their while in the interests of the 
dear children to give up the pipe, and the cigar, and 
the oigarette, in order that they might take the four- 
fold pledge and become honorary members, members 
of the Juvenile Executive, and earnest workers on 
behalf of the Temples. 

The proceedings, which were enthusiastic through- 
out, were brought to a close with the singing of the 
National Anthem. 


At a meeting of the Executive of the Monmouth- 
shire District Lodge, held at Newport on Saturday, 
the 11th inst. (the day after the rising of Grand 
Lodge) it was elicited that the liveliest satisfaction 
was manifested by the membership generally when it 
became known that the Grand Lodge had resolved to 
hold itsnextannualsession in theDistrict, and a strong 
Reception Committee, consisting of 24 brethren and 
20 sisters was at once appointed, with Bro. W. H. 
Brown. D.C.T., as chairman, and Bro. E. W. Cowley, 
D.Sec, as secretary. 

G.W.C.T.— Joseph Malins, { G.L. Offices, 13, Con- 
G.W.Sec. — J. B. Collixgs, \ greve St., Birmingham 
'*.S.J.T.— Mrs. Lydia A. Walshaw, 30, Elmfleld, 
Savile Park. Halifax. 

Home Mission Department. 
Superintendent.— D. Y. Scott, GJj. Offices, 18, 
Congreve-st., Birmingham, 
Aornt for Northern Area.— John Wrathall, 7, 
Bald win -street, Hawciat, near Barrow-in-Furness. 

Military District. 
D.C.T.— Quarter-Master-Sergt. 0. G. L. Jones 

Adjutant-General's Office, Colchester. 
D.S.J.T.— Sergt. J. Shrives, 1st Bedford Regiment, 

W.D.Sec :— E. R. Shith, 19. Hearn-strect, Newport, 
Isle of Wight. 

Naval District, 
D.C.T.— James Rae, 2, Zkzm-streot, Oxford-road, 

D.S.J.T. — William Andrews, 85, Wellington-street, 

W.D.S.— William Davey, 33, Skinner- street, Now 
Brompton, Kent. 



First. — Grand Lodge has resolved : — 

(/t) That the voluntary payment of one penny pan 

month tj the Mission Fund be continued. 
(£) That on and after August 1 the money col- 
lected shall be paid to the District Executive 
quarterly along with the Tax. 
O) That one-half the amount collected shall be 
retained by Districts, and one-half sent to 
Grand Lodge Office. 
Second. — As it is very desirable that the balance of 
expenditure over incom?, shown in Home Mission Re- 
port, should be cleared off before the new arraugement 
comes into forcp, 

(a) I would earnestly urge every collector to do 

his and her best during what remains of Apri" 

and promptly return their colleciiug books 

with all moneys received a ttheend of the month, 

(&) Simple, inexpensive collecting books will be 

forwarded on receipt of the old ones at the 

of this month ; and the May, June, and July 

collections ar^ to be forwarded to the Grand 

Worthy Secretary as heretofore. 

Tliird.— The Grand Lodge Executive will also take 

it as a favour if those who intend bocoming anc 

subscribers would signify their intemion to me at as 

early a date as possible. 


Superintendent of Home Mission Work. 


W. H. M. and Another.— We cannot use reports 
written on both sides of the paper. 


Bro. W. Win ton. D.C.T., Shaftesbury Hall, Princes- 
road, Notting Hill. 

The next Session will be held Saturday, April 
25, 1835, 6 p.m., prompt. 

Order of Business. 

1. Opening ceremonies. 

2. Ciliing roll of officers. 

3. Report of Credential Committee. 

i. Reports of Standing Committees, and District 
Lodge Officers. 

5. Report of Grand Lodge Representatives, 

6. Appointment of Standing Committees. 

7. Reading of minutes. 

8. Closing ceremonies. 

J. H. Retallack-Moloney, 

Worthy District secretary. 
The Limes, North Bow, E., 
April 14, 1835. 

To Cyclists.— Strength and slaying power, with 
admirable nutritive, fiVsh- forming qualities, are retained 
in a concentrated form in Cadbury's Cocoa, providing an 
exhilarating beverage— comforting and sustaining for long 
or short tripe,— [Advt,] 


Of all Dirt from everything 

By using Hudson's Extract of Soap, 


Purity, Health, and Perfect Satisfaction by its regular use 


It is a BURE DRY SOAP in fine powder, and lather 

freely in Hot or Cold Water. 

Refuse Imitations— Insist upon HUDSON'S 


The Right Hou. Lord Carrington, Q.C., has been 
appointed to be Governor and Commander-in-Chief of 

the Colony of New South Wales and its dependencies. 

The new Hospital for Paralysed aud Epi] 
Queen-square Bloom>bi:ry, will be opened iu June by 
the Prince of Wales, It has been erected at a C03t of 

A committee has been formed at Warwick, iu con- 
nection with the London Committee, for the purpose 
of relieving the wives and families of the soldiers in 
the Soudan. 

The population of Berlin on the last census day of 5 
the German Empire, December 1, 1830, was 1,123,608 
inhabitants. By the end of 1831 the population had 
risen to 1,263,196' persons. 

Mr. Alderman R. X. Fowler haa been selected by a 
large majority to succeed the late Mr. Alderman 
Nottageas Lord Mayor. The choice lay between Mr, 
Fowler and Mr. Alderman Cotton. 

The Earl of Airlie, who is serving on Lord Wolse- 
ley's staff in the Soudan, has written to his agent 
allowing an abatement of 20 percent, from the half- 
year's rents payable by his tenants at Whitsuntide. 

Mr. Stanley "s book on the Congo is to bo published 
this month. It will contain a large scale map of 
Equatorial Africa, the stations all being Used astro- 
nomically, and not as hitherto, located at random, or 
only by observations for latitude. 

The King of the Belgians, to testify his great ad- 
miration and esteem for the late General Gordon, has 
subscribed £100 to the memorial fund which now 
amounts to £15,000. The Bay/it On-n Payer is pro- 
moting a Boys' Gordon Memorial, to help the suffering 
lads of our streets. 

The Daily News in an article on the fashions, is of 
opinion that the use of birds for hat trimmings is not 
only bad taste but cruel. '• It would bj well if 
English women could realise that to a thoughtful 
mind their dress trimmings and bonnet decorations of 
slaughtered birds conveys a feeling of repulsion that 
is all the stronger whea the wearer is young and 

The Marquis of Lome speaking at the Royal Colo- 
nial Institute on the 14th inst., when the 
Right Hon. Justice Pinsent read a paper 
entitled, " Newfoundland, our oldest Colony, " 
remarked that it should be a favourable 
place for tourists, for its coast, scenery, and wooded 
hills, were very tine. In fact there were only two 
evils which the island laboured under, the one being 
the presence on the coast of gigantic cuttle fish and 
the other the French." 

The Daily Telegraph correspondent in Dublin, 
writes : — Let me take this opportunity of saying that 
thepeople of Dublin of all ranks,gentle and simp:e,rich 
and poor, men, women and children, have fallen deeply 
in love with the Princess of Wales. An Irish man- 
not of the gentle blood, buh what we call a " oo mmon 
man " — said to me, " Shure, and the darlint might go 
from end to end of Ireland on a c i.r, and no one, no 
not the worst of them, would harm the pretty face of 
her." If the Princess would only remain this side of 
St. George's Channel there would be but little occasion 
for the renewal of the Crimes Act. 

Sir Charles Tupper, the High Com missioner for 
Canada, has received a telegram from the Hon. John 
Norquay, the Premier of the Local Government of 
Manitoba, stating that the Legislature has passed a 
resolution to the effect that the House desires to place 
on record the fact that there is not the slightest dis- 
turbance in any part of Manitoba ; that the trouble 
is confined to the remote districts of the North-West 
Territory more than 100 miles so the North-West of 
the settled portions of Manitoba, and that any persons 
contemplating going to that province this spring can 
do so in the most perfect security. 

The Roman Catholic Bishop op Salford on 
Bazaars. — The following circular from the Bishop of 
Salford was read in the Roman Catholic .churches of 
Oldham at all the services on Sunday:*— "In the 
Advent circular published in the churches of the 
diocese in 1881, the following words occur : — 'As 
to bazaars and fancy fairs, very great caution and 
circumspection must be observed, if they are not 
to fall under ecclesiastical censure and their use for 
the purposes of charity forbidden. They are often 
the scene of excessive frivolity and vanity, some- 
times of unjustifiable extravagance. There the door 3 
opened to the street with an invitation to all passers 
by to enter, and the excitement of late hours and of 
intoxicating drink*, compute the spectacle of incon- 
gruity with, a work of religions charity. Money even 
for charity maybe bought at too dear a price.' In 
the dioctsan synod held in 1882 it was laid down 
' that no intoxicating drink may be sold at any bazaar 
for a chaiititble purpose over which the clergy have 
any control.' A paragraph in a locnl paper has made 
gt necessary to republish this regulation in Oldham. It 

not by trading on the miserable drinking habits of 
society, which ruin both body and goal, that religion is 
to be served,'* 



April 20, 1885 


EEV. E. J. SILVERTON, Specialist for the CURE of DISEASES of the EAR, 
invites sufferers to send for his Treatise, a work showing the nature of the 
disease and the means of cure, 275th thousand. Post free six stamps. A letter 
of advice will be sent with the book, without further charge, to all persons who 
send a statement of their case. The treatment is frequently very rapid in restor- 
ing the hearing power, or removing other aural troubles. Patients are not re- 
quired to leave business or home, as the system adopted by Mr, Silverton gives no 
pain or inconvenience. Thousands of persons are thus successfully treated. Hear- 
ing has been given, where none previously existed, and speech has followed as a 
result. One lady was cured at the age of HO, and another after 40 years' deafness. 
In caseB of offensive discharge from the ears the treatment is most successful, 
curing after many years' standing. Nervous and throat deafness is also rapidly 
relieved. If deafness is allowed lo remain in young people, loss of speech is 
likely to follow, hence the importance of immediate and successful treatment. 
Those who Buffer with Noises in the Ears, with or without Giddiness, will find in 
this Remedy the means of cure. It is the height of folly to neglect the first 
symptoms of aural troubles. Mr. Silverton's celebrated ear trumpets, invisible 
drums, and sound conductors may be seen and tested at his consulting rooms. 
Instruments and remedies to suit all. None should despair.— Address Rev. E. J. 
Silverton, 16 to 19, Imperial-buildings, Ludgat'-circus, London, E.C. 

N.B. — Mr. Silverton may be consulted personally during the present month 
each day from 11 to 2, Saturdays excepted. 

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April 20, 1895. 




By Helen Bristol. 


" No dream, alas ! alas ! and woe is 

Almost day and night M try maintained her position 
beside Hetty. The poor sufferer knew in a moment 
if she were absent, though she failed to recognise 
anyone else, and would raise her head and cry wildly 
" that everybody was gone.she was all alone now, Miss 
Bailey had forsaken her too." Under such circum- 
etancee there was nothing to be done but to sit con- 
stantly beside her, holding her hand tightly, or apply- 
ing wet clothes to her head. The ttrange delu&ions she 
underwent were most painful to witness. Sometimes 
she would start up from the bed, and flinging her arms 
around Mary, entreat her in a piteous voice to tell her 
all about it. " Who was it that had murdered Roland, 
and why had she not saved him ? You did it your- 
self," she would cry, " yes, you did it, you never liked 
him, you hated to see him with me. Oh 1 I will never 
love you any more, I will hate you for your treatment 
of him. Tell me why you murdered him?" But 
the next moment Mary's touch would soothe her, 
and the sudden passion subsiding, she would 
lie back upon the pillow with a low wailing 
cry which often resounded through the room for hours 
together. It was a strange freak of her loving heart 
that she never seemed to think of Roland as having by 
Mb own conduct brouarht this trouble about. He was 
neverevon harming himself, but always being wronged 
by others. 

Mr. Fernley was for once neglectful of hia business, 
and left the management of it very much in the hards 
of his clerks. There was little that he could do, but 
he would gladly have done anything for his daughtei 

He proposed to Miss Bailey, when he found that sh> 
stayed in Hetty's room night and day too, that she 
should have a hired nurse to relieve her for 12 hours 
out of the 24, but this she declined to do. She kne 
it would not be the same to Hetty, and she would 
keep up her strength by sleepingevery moment that she 
was not wanted, and taking a great deal of nourishing 
food. Should he write to his sister? But no, that 
would be of no use, for she had been laid up with 
rheumatism for some time, and could not leave her 
own home. So Mary had her way, and the nursing of 
Hetty was left in her hands. 

Maggie was of ten her companion by that sick-bed. 
She had always been loving to Hetty, and of late the 
two sisters had been very much to each other, and for 
the first day or two she could scarcely bear to stir 
from the room. 

George, on the contrary, could hardly endure to 
enter it ; the sight of Hetty's sufferings was too much 
for her highly-strung nervec, and Mary was glad that 
her inclination was to remain downstairs, for she had 
not those qualities which are most indispensable in a 
chamber of sickness. 

I« was quite different with Maggie. Though still 
sometimes awkward in a drawing-room, and blnnt in 
her manner towards strangers, her step was light as 
she moved up and down by Hetty's bed, her voice was 
always lowered in speaking, and she constantly 
thought of little things that escaped the memory of 

But the housekeeping did not prosper under George's 
management, and Mary heard her one day upbraiding 
Emma for something which in her inexperience she 
supposed to be a fault, but which the girl was doing 
according to instructions she had reoeived. 

" Maggie," said Mary, in an undertone, when she 
went baok to Hetty's room, "Are you willing to forego 
the happiness of being with Hetty ? George cannot 
manage downstairs without one of us. You know that 
/cannot be the one." 

" No, of course not I But I think George ought to 
be able to manage." 

"She is younger than you are, Maggie. Perhaps it 
seems to you that you are of most use here, and, indeed, 
you have been very thoughtful, but remember, you do 
the most good by going where you are most wanted." 

Maggie was silent for a minnte ; then she said, 

"Yes, I will go, Miss Bailey ; but I shall still come 
and sit here when I am not actually wanted below." 

"But you will let nothing be neglected I" 

"No, nothing." 

The two kissed each other, and Mary returned to her 
post beside Hetty, while Maggie went off downstairs 
with only a faint shade of disappointment upon her 
face, and a determination that she wovld be of service, 
even if that service were the very opposite to that 
which she would have chosen. 

Charlie came home for the Easter holidays before the 
week that commenced so tragically was ended. He had 
heard all the sad news from George, who wrote very 
long letters to him always during term-time, 
and who had told him faithfully all that 
had occurred in the specially long one she had 
Bent off on the Monday morning. But in spite of this*, 
he was not prepared to find Hetty insuoh an alarming 
state, and after having been permitted to stand just . 
iaiida bar bedroom door for a minute, he | 

went out with the saddest expression Mary had ever 
seen upon his bright young face. 

" Father," he said, when he found himself alone 
with his father that evening, "will you tell me all 
about this ? I have heard a great deal from George, 
but I want you or Miss Bailey to tell me about it, and 
Miss Bailey has been up with Hetty ever since I came 

"I should think you know enough." 

"A very little of it would be enough, father, as far 
as that goes. But as my hearing it can't make it more 
oriels, I should like to know all about it." 

Mr. Fernley related the facts in as few words as 

The boy stood listening intently, with his lips shut 
firmly. When his father had finished he looked 
suddenly up at him. 

" Roland was not drunk, was he \ " 

" No, not drunlt, but over excited. It is probably all 
traceable to that. Something of the kind was stated at 
the inquest. Take warning, Charlie, and when you 
go back to your wine again— I suppose you will be 
doing so soon " 

"I never shall," interrupted Charlie, "I've been 
an abstainer to please Miss Bailey, but now I should 
be one because I could not be anything else." He 
hesitated a minute, and then went on in an excited 
tone, " I will never, never touch a drop of drink again 
in my life. I couldn't, it would make me miserable. 
I should feel as if I were delighting in some horrible 
instrument of torture. I don't like to think of all the 
mischief it's been doing since I've been away. Here's 
Roland dead (and I liked RoUnd very much, although 
we quarrelled sometimes), and Hetty nearly out of 
her mind, and Dr. Caine — I'm not quite certain what 
George said about him." 

" He is gone away with Dr. Hall, They went yes 

" But hasn't he disgraced himself, or something ? " 

" Yes, he has become a confirmed drunkard, I am 
afraid. Dr. Hall thinks he can get him to give it up 
but I do not know. He does not seem to have any 
strength of will." 

'! I am very sorry,"said Charlie gravely. "Father 
are you going to drink ale and wine any more ?" 

" Well, yes, Charlie, I think / am safe." 

" Of course you are," answered Charlie, *' but it's 
not that. You'll never have any pleasure io 
drinking it again, will you ? I am sure I never should. 
And see how Hetty Ml feel if" — his voice trembled — 
" if she gets better, when she sees what really caused 
Roland's death on the table. You'll never let Hetty 
see you drink it anymore, willyou V 

" I do not suppose Hetty will think of it as you do, 
Charlie," answered Mr. Fernley, knitting his brows as 
if were trying to come to some conclusion in his own 

There was a pause after that, a long one, for father 
and sou had both a good many thoughts just then. 
At last Charlie broke silence. 

" Father, I remember Miss Bailey talking to me 
once about how taking ever such a little tncouraged 
brewers and publicans, and made the trade larger." 

" The brewers and publicans are not in fault.Charlie, 
unless it be the keepers of low public -houses. Brewers 
at all events, are usually honest men." 

" It doesn't seem honest," said Charlie thoughtfully, 
" t"> take real good money, and give people only some- 
thing that will do them harm in return." 

"But they know what they are buying, and you see 
it will only do them harm if they take too much of it. ' 

" I'm afraid they don't know, at least, not all. I'm 
sure Roland never thought what dxiuk would do for 

" Probably not. Now, my boy, I have some letters 
to write ; I cannot talk any more." 

Charlie took the hint, and left his father. But Mr. 
Fernley sat thinking for a long time after he was gone, 
and the letters failed to catch the next post. 

Charlie wandered disconsolately from room to room. 
George bad the toothache and was lying down, 
Maggie was up in Hetty's room, so he had no one to 
speak to. At last he determined to go out for a walk, 
and was about to open the front door, when a voice 


He threw down his cap at once, and returned to the 

"I have comedown for a few minutes' change, 
Charlie, and left Maggie with Hetty." 

In icality Mary had thought little of the change for 
herself. She had had scarcely time to say a word to 
Charlie, and she was anxious not to seem forgetful of 
him, even in the midstof all this trouble. 

" Come and sit down and rest then," he said, ar- 
ranging the cushion upon the easy chair, and pulling 
up a footstool, " I'm sure you want it badly enough." 

She looked at him gratefully as he rendered her 
these little attentions. 

Thank you so much. You have been growing fast 
this term, Charlie." 

Charlie made no answer to this ; his mind was full 

of great matters this evening. It was a more important 

jq his life than he was perhaps aware of. He 

went round to the back of Mary's chair, and stood 

leaning against it, his chiu fixed upon the top. 

" Do you think Hetty will get well, Misa Bailey ?" 

"I wish I could tell voa that she would, Charlie," 

answered Mary in a sad voice. "But we may be sure 
if it be God's will, she will be restored to us again." 

" What do you think abont it all ? Roland, and 
Hetty, and Dr. Caine. and all this trouble at once ?" 

"Oh, it makes me sad. very sad I I cm hardly 
bear to think of it," and Mary covered her face with 
her hands, as if to shut it all out. 

" The same thing bas caused every bit of the 
trouble," said Charlie, in a voice that sounded almost 

Mary started. "Ah, Charlie." she said, "you can 
see that ! How then will you treat this enemy ? " 

"Miss Bailey," said Charlie, "do you remember 
when I made you that promise about the wine, you 
said perhaps I should make you a longer one when I 
was fifteen. I am not quite fifteen yet, but I will 
promise for any length of time you like." 

The tears came into Mary's eyes ; they were tears of 

'• Even out of evil good shall come, "she whispered to 
herself. Aloud she Baid, " I would make if for life if 
I were you Charlie." 

" And so I will. I promise you now, and I shall 
sign the pledge-book as Jack has done. I want to be 
a thorough teetotaler." 

" Ah, you have not been very thorough. You longed 
for the time to come when you might have your wine 

" I know I did ; I'm ashamed of it, too. You can't 
tell how glad I am that you did give in to me about it 
when I came to you that evening — do you remember ?" 
" Yes, very well indeed. It was a struggle to me, 
Charlie, to be firm about it. X felt more for you than 
you knew." 

Charlie was silent, but his blue eyes looked down in 
loving admiration upon Mary, as she lay back in the 
" When do you go back ? " she asked presently. 
" Monday fortnight, if I do go back." 
"If you do go back? Is there any doubt about it? ' 
" I don't know. I want father to let me go to day- 
school agaiu. I'm not afraid to trust myself now, 
and you need not be afraid to trust me either." 
"I am not." 

11 Then will you try to persuade father for me ? " 
11 Yes, if he consults me I shall advise that you do 
not go back to Brighton." 

"I shall speak about it to him before bed-time." 
"It would be nice to have you at home always. But 
I must not stay talking to you any longer, Hetty 
may have been wanting me. 

A short time afterwards Charlie went again to the 

Mr. Fernley had juBt concluded his letters, and he 
looked up with something almost like a tmile, as 
Charlie entered. " What do you want now ? " he asked. 
The boy told him. 

" So you did not wish to go away because you were 
tired of being at home ! " 

" Oh, no ! it was only that I felt safer." 
" Humph, safer away than at home I That should 
never be. Charlie, suppose we do away with our 
share in the wine traffic as a family." 

" Oh, father, I am sure it would be the right thing 
to do." 

" So I have come to think. It shall be so then, and we 
will all be abstainers together." 

" I must go and tell Miss Bailey," cried Charlie. 
" No, you cannot go to Miss Bailey, you forget your 

Charlie was abashed by the tone in which this was 
said, and did not speak again until Mr. Fernley asked, 
"And how are we to give notice about your removal 
from the school. There is not time." 

" I thought you would know how to make that 
all right, father." 

" Well, I will see. I think I can manage it." The 
fact was tbat Charlie's wishes coincided with Mr. 
Fernley's own ; therefore there was little danger that 
they would not be carried out. 

When Charlie did contrive to get a few words with 
Mary before going to bed, to tell of bis father's 
sudden resolution about intoxicating drinks, her heart 
was filled with gratitude to Him Who would not let 
the way be all dark before them. 

Then there was another lightening of the cloud for 
her. Francis Caine was out of London, was gone to- 
quiet, peaceful Berndale— was gone, too, with the 
best earthly friend he had. Would he not yet be 
saved ? Saved to her I No, Bbe did not ask that 
question ; at present she was content that he should 
be saved from the power of drink, and noiseless but 
strong petitions were breathed in that darkened 
chamber continually on his behalf. 

Hetty remained for two whole weeks in the same 
ndition ; then the doctors said there must be some 
change, oneway or the other. Anxiously, almost with 
bated breath, they watched her. Would she live ordie ? 
And if she lived would her reason be gone? If wonld 
be almost happier for her to die, for what was the 
physical life worth robbed of all mental strength ? 
The crisis came, it passed, and Hetty lived. Nor was 
she devoid of reason ; slowly, very Blowly, but surely, 
her mind regained its balance. At fir<st ahe remem- 
bered nothing, then only a small part, of the sad 
tragedy. But at last it all came baok to her. 
Mary was sitting beside her one warm spring after- 



from the e pilW. aWOke fr0m **"' and lif ted her head 

Bjh°horrM e H aid ' Wit , h , alitUe 6hudder ' " Iha ™ h ^ 
and fh <■ A T' l d ? amt R ° laDd WaS "' P"S°°> 

and that they wsnt and found him dead Oh dear 
what should I have done if it had be-n true?" 

Mary turned her head away ; she did not wish Hetty 
to see her face at that moment. Her heart was very 
, f " r : ^adshehavea.aia to go through the 
painful task of telling Roland's fate ? After all these 
weary hours of watching and soothing, she felt quit" 
unequal to such an ordeal. And Hetty, prostrate as 
she was, how could she bear it a second time ? 

The?/ 7 ??' u have asked herself th «« questions. 

There was not to be a repetition of the trial as far as 

room TtT erDr , d -, T h l r ° WaS alon S " tathJ 
room. It was snddenly broken, as Hetty started up 

"Oh dear, dear Miss Bailey, I remember now It is 
SnlMWrf n ° d ™ a ?' RoIana ' ° h ' Roland I "and 
of anguish WI1 arSm ba thed the pillows with tears 

wnHv 7 Z™ i h ^i U h 7 he truth had 00m « 1P°° her 
gently no hand had forced it, but of itself it had 

IZTZn "• e ' f ' '? S , 0?radual a mannor - to '»« the 
Crturn^ r t mg mm ""««>>? a shock that might 

and^ f h° 8 pered' eWaIiWleCallnerMllry bmt ° V " her ' 

that D th r p™?,' therei8a . b . 0Ild o£ apathy between ns 

tnat there never was before " 

^ Hetty looked up as if she hardly understood the 

terly th0Ueht J should have died," she said, half bit- 

liw,? a '! y0a £ a, ? not - Be 'hankfnl that you have 

bX'h "**&#„? shoaid &i1 haTe ■■*»* 

Aflera long pause Hetty answered, 
I will try to be thankful ; God must know best." 
(To ic continued.) 

Afril 60, 1885. 

A Rabbi once, by all admired. 

Received, of high esteem the Bign, 
From those his goodness thus inspired, 

A present of a cask of wine. 
But lo I when soon he came to draw, 

A miracle, in mode as rapid 
But quite unlike what Canasaw, 

Had turned his wine to water vapid. 
The Rabbi never knew the cause, 

For miracles are things of mystery, 
Tho' some, like this, have had their laws 

Explained from facts of private history. 
His friends, whom love did aptly teach, 

Wished all to share the g racious task, 
So planned to bring a bottle each, 

And pour their wine in one great cask. 
Now one by chance thought, " None will know 

And with the wine of all my brothers 
One pint of water well may go ;" 

And so by chance thought all the others. 

— Cornhill Magazine. 

Prohibition Enforced by Infernal Machines 
—The anti-liquor men in Andubon, a town in Iowa' 
have pressed explosives into their service. The liquor 
party having won a victory at the polls.two handsome 
saloons were opened. One of these has now been 
wrecked by an infernal machine. Two men have been 
arrested on suspioion. We must add that the leading 
Temperance men in the State indignantly denounce 
this method of enforcing prohibition. Echo. 

Sunday Closing in Wales.— The Chief Constable 
of Denbighshire at the Quarter Sessions held on 
Thursday, April 9, read a special report he had pre- 
pared on the operation of the Sunday Closing Act in 
Wales. The Act came into force in October, 1882 and 
the Chief Constable regretted to say that in Denbigh 
there had been an increase of general drunkenness on 
Sunday. Anew offence had sprung up-namely. that 
of selling cigars without a licence— for which a 
number of persons had been proceeded against. The 
number of persons seen under the influence of drink 
on Sundays, if not actually drunk, was very large. 

Plebiscite in Campbeltown.— I. having acted 
as returning officer for the voting of the electors of 
a ? pb . e town on the Ii( l uor traffic, taken on Monday 
30th March, 1885, hereby intimate that the number of 
cards issued was 1,000, and that the number of cards 
returned was 517, with the following result -—(1) 
Should the number of licences remain as at present : 
For, 77 ; against, 318. (2). Should the number of 
licences be increased : For CG; against 331. (3) 
Should the number of licences be reduced : For 319 • 
against. 7li. (4) Should the control of the licences be 
placed in the hands of the people : For 386 ; against, 
45. (5) Should the liquor traffic be abolished : For' 
337 ; against, 73.— (Signed) James. M'Pherson. 

Sitoations Vacant and Wantbd.— Our charge for 
•this class of advertisement is 24 words for sixpence. 
.Every additional six words, threepence,— [Advt.J 

A ciptain of a volunteer corps, being doubtful 
whether he had distribute! muskets to all the men 
" All you that are without arms hold up your hands." 

A poor Irishman who applied for a licenoe to B ell 
ardent spirits, being questioned as to his moral fitness 
for the trust, replied : " Ah, sure it is not much of a 
character a man needs to sell rum." 

Judge : " Prisonerat the bar. have yon anything to 
say why sentence of death Bhould not be passed upon 
yon? Prisoner : "My lord, I am a member of the 
Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment." 

"Why don't you write what I dictate? " said an 
Irish merchant to his clerk. "Because the sun is 
shining on the paper so that I can't see to write." 
"Then turn the paper over and write on the other side 
you donkey. 

" Here's your money, dolt ; and now tell me why 
your rascally master wrote me 18 letters about that 
contemptible sum ? " " I'm sure I oan't tell ; but if 
you 11 excuse me, sir, I guess it was because 17 didn't 
fetch it. 

ay," called ont a mistress to her new Irish 
servant the other morning, "put freshwater in the 
aquarium" "What for, mum?" "Because the 
fishes need it ' "Shure, no, mnm ; they haven't drunk 
np what they've got now I " 

An exasperating editor being threatened with a 
coat of tar and feathers, said in his next issue, " The 
people of this town may break into somebody's hen- 
roost and steal the feathers, but we know that they 
are too stingy to buy the tar." 

An Irish corporal, who now and then indulged in 
a naggen of poteen, was thus accosted by his 
captain while standing at ease : "Pat, what makes 
your nose so red ?" " Plaseyer honour," said Pat "I 
always blush when I spakes to an officer." 

Highland sergeant is drilling recruits. Highland 
sergeant : "Quick march I Halt, Tonal'I ye've begun 
on the wrang fit again. Hoo often has she to tell yer 
that in mairching the left fit's the richt fit, an' that 
the richt fit's the wrang fit to begin with, moreover ?" 
Jones went to see Brown in his new house. " YeB " 
said Jones, after a critical inspection of the hand- 
somely-furnished dining-room, "most complete, I 
must say, everything here but a dumb waiter ; why 
don't you have one-eh ? " " Why," said Brown, " the 
fact is, you know, I don't find them answer." Jones 
asked no more questions. 

" So you think your meter doesn't register properly? " 
" I am sure it does not, sir." " Well, we are so busy 
now we cannot attend to it. We will send a man up 
about the middle of next month." " I wish you would. 
I am sure it does not register more than half the gas 
I burn.' ' " Eh ! Just wait a minut* . I'll send a man 
right up with you now to test it." 

An Irishman lost his hat in a well, and was let 
down in a bucket to recover it ; the well being deep 
his courage failed him before he reached the water. 
In vain did he call to those above him— they lent a 
deaf ear to all he said, till at last quite in despair he 
bellowed out : "Be Saint Patrick, if ye don't be afther 
drawing me up sure I'll cut the rope." 

" Why, I am' astonished, colonel," said the owner 
of the land. " I heard that a lot of negroes were steal- 
ing my timber, and here I find yon, a white man 
cutting my timber. You ought to be ashamed of 
yourself." "Well, to tell the truth," responded 
the other party, "I do hate to steal timber like a 
darkey, but these cedar trees make such bally fence- 
rails that I concluded to drop all pride of race." 

Man with business air drives up to gate and calls 
the farmer. " How are you, sir ? I want to buy a 
lar»e quantity of fodder." " I've got plenty of it " 
"Bright and well cured?" "Yes, sir." "Never 
been rained on, eh ?" "Never has been damaged." 
" Well, I'll take all you've got. I'll send for it to- 
morrow." " He must own a big livery stable in 
town," says the farmer when the man drives away. 
" Oh, no," replies a bystander. " He is the manufac- 
turer of a popular brand of tobaeco." " Oh I" 
" Yohannes.gome a Ieedle here vonct. Vhy you don'd 

got some vater pud in dot new parrel of visky ? " 

"'Cause I couldn't git any in ; it's full of whisky 
yit."— "Look see here, Yohannes, ouf yon vantto 
learn dot grocery peezness, you moost eferythings do 
honist and eguare. Vhen I get a new parrel visky, 
der first dings vhat you do vas to make out fife gallons 
visky nnd fill oop mit vater— good cistern vater ; dot 
makes der bestest visky vat gan pe had. Visky 
mitoul dot vater kill inein gustomers und den I loos 
mein peezness, see ? I got scharity fur dem beoples." 


TUESDAY, JULY 14, 1885. 

The committee call the attention of members of 
Lodges to the urgent necessity of at once forming 
Crystal Palace Fete Clubs, and by a system of weekly 
payments to promote the success of this national Tem- 
peiance gathering. We are convinced (and so is our 
are promoted, the greater will be the attendance. At 
the next session of each Lodge let this subject be brought 
forward, and a small committee appointed for the 
purpose of immediately starting a club— the com- 
mittee to solicit our friends in kindred societies to 
join with them (or start one of their own). Also by 
means of small bills invite all friends of Temperance 
and the public in general to contribute weekly sub- 
scriptions, and bring them with you, and let them 
rejoice with us in the pleasures of a sober 
holiday. The subscriptions to these clubs must 
of course vary aocording to the distance to 
be travelled to the Palace. Excursion trains at the 
lowest possible rates will be promoted by all the 
companies. Will our Metropolitan brethren also take 
this matter up, for although their attendance at the 
fetes has been very good in the past, there can be no 
reason why we should not have an attendance of 
50,000 from London and its suburbs ? I am willing 
.nd waiting to open up a correspondence and assist, to 
the best of my ability, anyone who de-ires to help as. 
The hon. sec. will be glad to have a copy of all 
Good Templar programmes or quarterly guides, with 
the number of circulation, date of next issue, and the 
lowest price for an advertisement on inside and out- 
side paifes. 

Choir regulations have been despatched to every 
Lodge, Temple, and Band of Hope in the Metro- 
politan District, and to all provincial Bands of Hope, 
Temperance Societies, and Good Templar Lodges, 
whose postal address the hon. sec. could obtain ; any 
who may not have received a copy, and desiring to 
send a contingent (nowever small) to join either choir, 
should without delay communicate with the hon. sec. 
by whom the forms have been issued. Other inquiries 
respecting choir arrangements should be addressed to 
the hon. conductor, Bro. G. W. Williams, 101, Antill- 
road, Grove-road, Bow, E. 

Temperance Choir Contest. 

Adjudicator : J. S. Curwen. Esq., M.R.A.M., President 

of the Tonic Sol-Fa College. 

First prize, £16, with silver medal to conductor, 

and music to value of £5.* 

Second prize. £8, with electro Bilver medal to con- 
ductor, and music to value of £3.* 

Third prize, £4, with bronze medal to conductor 
and music to value of £2.* 
Each choir will be required to sing W. H. Birch's 
Excelsior " (published by J. Curwen and Sons 8 
Warwick-lane, London, B.C., Old Notation, lid.; soi-fa 
Id.), and also one pieece of their own selection (the 
performance of which must not exceed 10 minutes). 

No choir may enter or compete with less than 50 or 
more than 80 members, and all competing choirs 
shonld be well-balanced as to parts. All the singers 
must be bona fide members of the choir, in regular 
attendance at least from the last week in April 18S5 
and not in any way remunerated for assisting the 
choir, No singer may be a member of more than one 
competing choir. 

Lodge and other Temperance choirs wishing to take 
part should apply at once for form of application for 
admission to Bro. W. H. Bonner, Boleyn-road, Upton 


To commemorate the fete, a very beautiful medal 
f Ik ~ y V 1 ^ few days ' haTin S a representation 
ol the Crystal Palace, and date July 14 1885 on 
one side, and on the other, our Grand Lodge Seal with 
suitable inscription. Specimen medal can be had for 
threepence, post free, on application to the secretary ; 
or, AM, per doz. by parcels post, free, and they oan 
be sold by societies at 3d. each. 

Mr. Frederick G. Edwards has been engaged as 
organist for the great concerts. 

The hall of the Y.M.C.A., Aldersgate-street, has 
been obtained for the teachers' rehearsal,, Saturday 
Apri 2o, for the country contingent, and Saturday, 
May 2, for that of the Metropolis *' 

Mr S °r U 'w P vn, Ch "^ Finsbury has been engaged for 
Mr. G. W. Williams' Senior Rehearsals of Metropolitan 
ohoir from Monday, May 11, to Monday July 6.— 
William Parncdtt, Hon. Sec, 
Pembroke-street, N. 

Food Adulteration.— Mr. Cassall lecturing at the 
Health Exhibition said : " Homn-opathic Cocoas are well t„ 
named asthey contain the smallest quautity of Cocoa." , ,077 
Oadburv 3 Cocoa is guaranteed pure, and we recommend ' 
the public to buy no other.— [Advt.J 

A Blunder or a FBADD.-The medial opinion 
which prescribes alcohol for a great variety of diseases 
is a blunder or a fraud. It is a blunder so far as 
doctors are swayed bj the popular prejudices of their 
time It is a fraud when doctors prescribe alcohel 
merely because they know their patients wish alcohol 
to be prescnbed.-i? c //„ e M- Ks hit*, September 17 

' Kindly presented by a London publisher, 

April 20, 1885. 



A Story with a Moral for Wives, 

Tim Totleb was a toper, bold 

As any in this merry town ; 

He supped his drink both hot and cold, 

He supped it pale, he snpped it. brown, 

He sapped it weak, he sapped it strong, 

He supped it short, he supped it long. 

He supped it every?r/w» and everywhere. 

He supped it for dull care, 

He snpped it for his sorrow ; 

He supped it in his bed 

Though he might beg and borrow 

For the morrow's needful bread ; 

He supped it at his dinner, 

He supped it at his tea, 

He supped it at his work— 

For cunning 1 Tim knew how to shirk, 

The old and rusty sinner — 

The wily eye of even. tyranny ; 

(That's rather odd). 
Come when you will 
Go when you would 
Tim Totleh loved his swill, 
And said he ever should 
While his body breathed above the teeming sod, 
Tim Totleb had a wife, 
And such a wife I 
Oh cruel, cruel fate 1 
Go to the cutler's for his keenest knife— 
'Tib nothing to her tongue ; 
It went at snch a rate 
That old and young 
Would rather round the church! all in the fields sc 

On the nightof Hallow's E'en, 
Than stand the fire which knew not when to abate. 

Cold steel, hot fire ; 
Could never half At??' terror great inspire. 
Now Tim was a philosopher 
When he had ta'en his cup, 
And so he never looked at her 
When both her sails were up, 
And Bho went sounding on before the wind 
Of her own temper, leaving sense and rhyme behind, 
When will the gentle sex 
Just learn to clear the decks, 
And lie in port a-simply doing " nowt" 

With all their cargo out ? 
When will they cease their goodmen dear to snub ? 
When wilt they cease to bluster and to blub 
Like aldermen with the gout? 

Mrs. Totleb sat one night 

A-g;izing like a fright 

Into the fire, 

Awaiting her sweet Tim ; 

And oh 1 her ire 

Was up to boiling point, 

And every joint 

WaB stiff with indignation ; 
She promised her self to throttle him, 

And make him know his station, 

And m:ike him know his wife, 
The loadstar and the guardian of his life. 

And as she sat and brooded deep, 

A heavy, heavy sleep 
Stole o'er her senses, like a mountain mist 

Steals to the vale below, 

Enshrouding all in gloom ; 
And through the gloom of her deep sleep 

A sudden sunshine kissed 

The little room 

With brilliant gleam, 
(For Mrs. Totleb. yon must know, did dream) 
And in the sunshine stood a bright sweet face, 

Filled with all beanty and all grace. 

How Mrs. T. did stare, 
And eye the stranger down from top to toe ; 
Stared— but not rudely, that would never do. 
When one conies down to tha earthly view 

So sweetly fair, 
An owl-like wonder seizes every sense, 
A searching silence deep, intense, 

Immense ! 
So was it with our Mrs. T. 
She'd never been in such good company 

And so she stared and nothing said ; 
Mute as a mummy age3 dead 

She stared the stranger o'er. 
And as she stared, the stranger nearer drew 

To Mrs. Totleb's view, 

And through and through 
In quick return she searched the gazer's eyes ; 

Then with snrprise 
Our Mrs. T. beheld herself, so young — 

As youugas when she first met him— 

Her buoyant Tim 

Reflected in the eye3 
Of the fair visitant; her tonaue 

Was not then touched with gall, 
Her heart was ready to behold the best in all. 

The stranger spoke ; — " In me you see 
Tour better self, bright, gay. and free 
Aa the sweet bird that mounts on high, 

When the great sua first lights the sky 

With glory. Oh, how I grieve 

That you have fallen away so far ! 

Xo one won d scarce believe 
That yon were what you were from what you are. 
Troubles ? Is not the earth all trouble, 

And is not Heaven all bliss ? 

And would you turn a bubble 
Into a globe of misery ? This 

is sheerest nonsense ; 

Pluck up heart 

And play your part, 
While looking ever to the consequence, 

Take this advice from me, 

Say not a word to Tim, 
(Already you have said too much to him) 

And you will soon have victory." 

The glory fled. The fire lay dead 

In cold white ashes on the hearth : 

Outside a toper's mirth 

Was echoing all the street ; 

And then with stumbling feet 

Old Tim came staggering in ? 

He was well fortified for the attack, 

And he had braced hia back 

To stand it like a uan ! 
A fearful din 
He now expected from his angry spouse— 

A din to raise the house ; 
Not only the low roof but all the walls, 
A din to raise a hundred ancient halls, 

High as the pigeons fly, 

When breezes sweep the;sky. 

But not one word she said ; 

She turned and looked at him, 
And linked hia arm and swept him oif to bed. 

Poor Tim 
Had never felt so queer for manyldays, 

Lost in a maze : 
She put his nightcap on without a sound, 
Blew out the light and went to sleep, 
While Tim was struck with wonderment profound, 

Profound and deep ! 
Next morn she poured^the tea 
Into his big blue cup, 
While Tim was still in mystery 

And quite forgot to drink it up, 
And quite forgot to send for any beer ; 
And when he glanced at her again, a tear 

Shone forth in either eye ; 
He said (but to himself) "Oh my 1 

This is unusual here. 

" And now I look ather again 

She's not so bad : 
Good gracious ! what is this that strikes my brain 

And makes me glad, 

She smiles at me I 

And through the smile I see 
Her younger self — my Annie, oh I so sweet— 
As when we wandered on with lovers' feet 

Down through the country lane. 

"Bah! Am I soft? I'll have a drink ; 

And yet I won't ! What is it stops me ? think, 

Dunder-head !" 
And then he gave himself a whack 

Full on the ear ; 
He looked again at her, and back, back, back 
His memory went to those old days so dear, 

'Ere they wero wed. 

He saw her then the happy village queen, 

And every scene 
From that to this was filled with " might-have-been. 

He saw her mother and her sire 

Before the blazing fire 
And he saw himself so tall and strong 
With Annie by his side, " Wrong, wrong," 
He said, " And I am hard of heart 
To treat her thus; I've played a monstrous part." 
Then he looked up again, and lo ! 
His Annie was the same as long ago I 

She never spoke a word, 

And yet he heard 
The sweet old things she used to say to him 

" My dearest," and "My darling Tim." 

At work throughout that day 

The joke went round 
That Tim had joined the Quakers ; 
Another said that he was bound 

The Dead March way 

To Mr. Undertaker's. 

He noticed not their merry wit, 

But seemed to have a fit 

Of deep abstraction, 
Which brightened all his face with eatisfaction ; 

The promise of the morning, the caress 

Of rosy dreams held him in happiness. 

And when hia work was done 

He took a run 

Straight up the street,— 

No Dead March in those feet — 

The men were struck with wonder ; 

11 Oh, thunder I " 
Shouted on a, " He's never roing home I " 

And some. 
Just for a bit of fun, ran after him ; 

But Tim 
Rushed in the house and slammed the door, 

And stood before 

His startled wife 

And kitted her sweetly 1 
She never was so u taken " in her life, 
He did it all so smooth and neatly. 

Our Mrs. T lived to regain 

Her former ch-racter ; 
She ceased to cause a pain, 

She ceased to cause a tear, 
And young and old 
Together told 

Her praises far and near. 
Tim fell in love a second time, 
And when the f abbath chime 
Filled all the earth with melody 

Brave Tim was free — 

Free from the wine, and beer. 

Woman fair 

Scold not your better part, 

(Don't qu.trrel o'er a word with me I) 
Love them with all your heart and bear 

Their weakness silently. 
The eloquence of pleading eyes 
Is the most lovely thing beneath the skies, 
And even ancient wives 
Can deck themselves with this, 
And make the lives 
Of their dear mates one glorious round of bliss. 

For still all wise folk think 

The power of love 
Is somewhat stronger than the power of drink ; 

So may it ever prove. 

M. E, G. 

Oatmeal and Barley. — The conversion of the 
gauge on the South Wales section of the Great Western 
Railway in 1872 was of the heaviest description, the 
period of labour lasting from 17 to 18 hours a day for 
several successive days. It was the greatest work of 
its kind, and nothing eractly like it will ever be done 
in England again. The lines of rail to be converted 
would have made about 400 miles in single length, 
the number of men employed was about 1,500 : and 
the time taken was two weeks nearly. Oatmeal and 
barley water was made into a thin gruel and given to 
the men as required. It was the only drink taken 
during the day, I had not a single case of drunken- 
ness or illness. I have often since heard these men 
speak with great approbation of the supporting power 
of oatmeal drink. — J. Armstrong, C.E. 

" PERNicrotrs Nonsense,"— If it were once brought 
home to all our minds — first— that alcohol in any 
shape i"b not food, is not a true heat producer, and 
imparts no real strength or nourishment ; and second, 
that it is only in rare cases that it is useful as a medi- 
cine ; and that commonly other medicines may be 
given with equal advantage, the ground would be 
cleared of a good deal of pernicious nonsense, and that 
benefit could not fail to result, which always follows 
the disiemination of truth, whether palatable or the 
reverse." — Freeman's Journal, September 15,1877. 


We say the times are grievous hard, 

And hard they are 'tis true ! 
But, drinkers, to your wives and babes 

They're harder made for you. 
The drunkard'stax is self-imposed, 

Like every other sin ; 
The taxes altogether cost, 
Not half so mush as gin. 

— Hannah More. 
A Philosopher's Lamentation. — Here is a 
thrift of money if you want money I The money 
saving would pay your national debt for you, bridge 
the ocean for you, wipe away your Bmoky nui- 
sances, your muddy ditto, your miscellaneous ditto, 
and make the face of England clean again, — 
and all this I reckon as mere zero in comparison 
with the accompanying improvement to your poor 
souls — now dead in trespasses and sins, drowned in 
beer-butts, in gluttonies, slaveries, quackeries ; fcutire- 
calledthen to blessed life again and the sight of 
heaven and earth, instead of pay-day and Meux and 
Co. 's Entire. Oh, my bewildered brothers, what foul 
infernal Circe has come over you and changed you 
from men, once really rather noble of their kind, into 
beavers, into hogs and asses and beasts of the field or 
the slum I I declare I had rather die. — Ihvmas 

"The public-house degrades, demoralises, and 
brutalises a large proportion of our population." — 
Vie Times, 

'• The struggle of the school and the library and 
the Church all united against the beerhouse and gin 
palace, is but one development of the war between 
Heaven and hell,"— The late Charles £uxton } M,P, 



April 20, 1885. 



Deptford.— "Raven«bourne." April 11. The Lodge 
was crowded *o excess there being most of the members 
of seven neighbouring Lodpps present, owincr to the fare- 
well nieht of Bro. Edwin Willinm Bates and Pro. Henrv 
West^ate, who ler>ve England this month for Canterbury, 
New Zealand. The Lodo-e wa« entertained by the two 
brothers with refreshments. The two brethren take 
with them the best wishes of all present, also a large 
bundle of the Watchwords, which they will make upe of 
when they arrive at their destination. 

Chelsea. — "Queen's Messenger. " Anril 10. One pro- 
posed. Pound night, which realised 6s. for the Hinds. 
Bro. With-ridee. P. W.D.Co., rave a stirrmtr speech. 
Bro. G. Underwood responded. Watchwords sold. 

Chelsea.— ".Tames McOurrey." April 2. Nautical 
nieht. Pea songs by Bros Kelly, Nichols, Renr.. 
Nichols, junr.. Looker, and Sister Apsev. A poem by 
Bro. Colhert, in commemoration of Bro. Robertson beine 
rescued from shipwreck. Bro. Robertson and Bame». 
who are just about to start on another voyage, provided 

Putney.— " Putney Emmanuel." April 2. Pro- 
pramme'from Sankev's and Moody's hymn?. Bro. T. C. 
Macrow, V.D. (Middlesex), presided. The members and 
the choir gave Beveral hymns, well rendered under the 
guidance of Messrs. Hill and Smith. Pleasant session. 

Chelsea.— "Orosvenor." March 27. Songs a- d reci- 
tations. Bro. Macallister re-elected L.D. Bro. Kimber, 
E.D. Committee appointed to arrange for a Lodge 



er of Peace, 
social eatheri 
fee, with a sketch bv 
nd Bennett, entitled 

; about 50 

Tottenham Court-road, 
6. Easter tea party followed by 
sisting of parlour games, songs, 
Bros. Murphv, Frisbee, Foyle 
" Wanted a Confidential Clerk." rece 
laughter. M.C., Bro. Breen. Grand 

Commercial-road.— "Mile End." March 14. Visit of 
Hope of Ratcliff J.T., who came in strong force and gave an 
excellent entertainment, under the direction of Bros, 
Heal Brown, and Plunkett. The youngsters were after- 
wards regaled with cakes and ornneres. — March 21. Sis- 
terB' night, Sister Weeks, P D.V.T., presiding ; a very 
pleasant and enjoyable evening. Three initiated. — March 
28. Opening nipht in new room. Bros. Scott and 
Hill unanimously re-elected LD. and E.D., 
Strong muster of visitors and members ; pood session; 
refreshments handed round ; 77 present. — April 4. Pound 
night. Good attendance ; sale of the various lots pro- 
duced 7s. lid. for the funds ; one brother from Melbourne 
received on c.c. ; three initiated. Twentv-four Watch- 
words sold ; very interesting session. — April 11. One ini- 
tiated; model initiation with criticisms, very ably carried 
out by these who took part ; a few instructive criticisms 
followed. A very pleasant session. Watchwords Bold 
in good numbers. 

Soho. — "Benjamin Franklin." March 4. Pound 
night, excellent result.— March 11. Open night. Paper 
read on " Social Aspect of Temperance." well delivered, 
and a good discussion followed. — March 18. Irish night, 
resulting in a splendid array of talent, hitherto unknown 
to fame, springing up and astonishing the members 
generally.— March 25. Sisters' night. A nieht to be 
remembered bv the brothers, who were surprised by a 
sumptous feast and other item& too numerous to mention. 
— April 1. Our eoire'e— a good thing presided over by 
Bro. Tysoe. 

Wandsworth-road.— " Lambeth Pioneers." March 4 
" Cuttings from comic papers." Pleasant evening.— 
March 11. Three initiated. Communication from 
Negro Mission Fund read. Bro. W. E. Hooper, Hon. 
Sec. Temperance Industrial Exhibition, urged support to 
same.— March 18. Grand and District Lodge Digest 
read and discupsed. Letter read from Bro. and Sister 
Watts. Bro. T. G, Newby gave reading.— March 25. 
Sister Pither re-elected L.D., and Bro. Josslyn, E.D. 
Pound nieht ; foncs and recitations ; 15 visitors. 

Kinp'sCross.— " Excelsior." March 26. Considera- 
tion of the financial position of the Lodge ; c.c. granted 
to Bro. and Sister Higeins, who are going to Sydney. 
Bm. Sherburn recommended as L.D. ; *>ro. G. Watts as 
E D.— April 2. Visit of the Loyal Favourite Lodee. 
Songs, recitations. &c. Bro. Higgina presented the 
Lodge with a notice hoard.— April 9. Congratulations 
sent to the Grand Lodce. Songs, &c. Pleasant session. 

Chelsea. -"James McCurrev." April 0. Magazine 
night. One initiated. Bro. Kimmins, V.D., present, 
who occupied chair during the reading of the contribu- 
tions to' the James McCurrev Maga: " 
Colbert. CD., and Bro. Dunkley, P.E.D., 
fore with poetical effusions. Various broth, 
the papers afterward", and the 

editor then 
selection from the previous effusi< 

;e to the 

read, by 
is of laBt 

April 13. 
and readings 
St ne. Bro. 
E.D., three 

Fulham.— " Victory Won." April 8. Very pleasant 
session. One initiated. After business, the programme, 
Sacred Night, wbb proceeded with, led by Bro. CroBa, 
W.C.T., and proved very instructive. Fair attendance. 
Watohwords sold. 

Peckham.— "Peckham." Aprl 10. Inspection o' 
roll. After some di^us^ion on the state of the Lodge, 
Committee was appointed to organise a re-union tea for 
past and present member'. 

Islington.— " Pride of Isledon."— April 1. Cuffee 
supper. A good supply of cake, biscuits, coffee, and 
sweets. A very large attendance. One initiated, and 
one admitted on c.c. Ringing by several sisters. — April 
8. Two initiated. A brother from Australia gave a very 
good account of the Order there. , 

Southwaik.— "The Mint.' During the month of 
March an effort, to assist Bro. Eden was very successful, 
£1 5s. was realised and handed to him; Bro. Edward 
Botten was chosen as E.D., and the L.D., Bro. Chris- 
topher Hill, re-elected. Great joy was felt at the success 
of the Eagle Temple, and the thanks of the Lodge were 
given most cordially to the .Superintendent, Sister Price, 
through whose exertion the prize awarded was gained. 
The electoral work has been much neglected, but we hope 
for better things under new management. To augment 
the Banner Fund, the sale of Exhibition Tickets was 

Leicester-square. — "Orange Branch,' 
Visit from St. Andrew Lodge. Recitatior 
by Sister Newton. Bros. Carrington anc 
Ludlow re-elected L.D., Bro. Tysoe, 

Staines.— "Excelsior." February 11. Question Box. 
Bro. Romans gave a capital address. — February 18. 
The programme, sing, say, or pay, was effectively carried 
out. each member doing something besides paying. — 
February 25. Experience meeting, in winch all present 
took pnrt. Five initiated.— March 4. Coffee supper, 
about 40 sat down. Chairman, Bro. Romans. Members 
of Feltl'am. Windsor, Chertsey, and Rracknall Lodges 
entertained.— March 11. Report of D.L. Rep. read. 
Conundrum night.— March 18. Bro. George Knight, 
W.S. recommended as L.D.. Bro. Henry Knight as E.D. 
—March 25. Single members' night, who officered and 
entertained. Songs, recitations, &c, by Sisters Saunders 
and BeeBe, and Bros. Ing, Hallett, Romans, and George 
Knight. I'eirr shment^ were provided. It was resolved 
that the proceeds of the anniversary tea be given to a 
sick brother at Colnbrook.— March 26. Visit to Crusaiers 
of Chertsey Lodge.— April 1. Communication read re 
the C. P. fete. Married members' nieht. Officered &c, 
Songs, &c, by Bros. Howard, Romans, and H. Knight, 
and Sisters Knight and Howard. Refreshments pro- 
vided.— April 8. Short speeches bv Bros. Howard and 
T. Chapman. Three initiated. The Lodge is doing 
some real Good Templar work. 

Yaumodth (I. W.).— "Star in the West." April 10. 
Reading by Bro. L. Rice. Song by all. Sister Miriam 
Brewin, W. A.S., played the melodeon. Bro. R. Adams, 
V.D., gave a shorr. speech and reading. 

Ramsoate.— " Snug Harbour." April 6. Thirteenth 
ersary. Celebrated by a social tea in the Sailors' 

At half-past 
Bro. Captain Jones 
3 read by the L.D. and 
by Mr. J. Perry and Captain P. 
of the Life- 
nbers from the Sun- 

Chelsea.— " Margaret McCurrev." April 8. Visit 
of Wanderers' Rest Lodge, who officered and entertained 
with song-, recitations, &c. Refreshments provided. 
Bro. Kimmins re-tlected L.D. for the 13th time ; Bro. J. 
Shepherd, E,D. Pleasant session. 

Tottenham Cuurt-road.— " Bnnnerof Peace." April 13. 
Paper by Bro. Medley, entitled " Earnest Labour," 
dealintr with the obligation, &c, ably discussed by Bros. 
Frisbel Arnold, Fovle, Fraser, and Sister Haarnack. 

Hackney.— "Hackney Mission." April 7. Parlia- 
mentary night. Subject : " Tiie beneficial effect on the 
Temperance question of the opening of museums on Sun- 
days," Bro. le Sage. L.D., speaker. Very interesting 
debate c\rried on. Bro. Fige, CD., moved the rejection 
of the bill in a very able and masterly speech. Bro. 
Hanlon, CD. ; Bro. Green, Bro. Webb, and the honour 
able member for Wigan took part in the debate. On th< 
vote being taken, the motion was lost by a larg* 
majority, thus affirming that the cause would be benefited 
by openiDff the museums, There was a good attendance, 

Bethel, to" which 70 sat d- 

o'clock a public meeting was held 

presided. The annual report w~ 

adopted. Add; 

Emett. Sifter Minnie Harnett, 

boat, recited. A number of 

beam Lodge rendered good assistance to the choir. The 

room was decorated with flaRs and flowers, which gave to 

it a very pretty and lively appearance, and was filled 

with a highly respectable audience. 

Stockport. — " Lord Vernon." April 8. Sisters 
officered and entertained, and provided an ample Bupply 
of refreshments. Sister Morgan presided, and Sister 
CUrke gave a reading, Sister Cunningham a recitation. 
Sister Morgan a recitation. 

M\nc'Hkster.— " Loval Robert Whitworth." April 
^J. Sister H. Parfitt, W.C.T. Addresses by Bros. J. 
W Baldry, D.E.D Naval District, J. McCubry, W.C.T., 
West Kent Distiict, T. C. Macrow, D.C.Ch., Mid- 

Wolvperhaiipton.— " Star of Peace." April 7. Good 
session. Two initiated. The sisteis, after business was 
disposed of, surpri-ed the Lodge by handing round to 
the membcis fruit of various ki 3 

Wolverhampton. — "Guth 
TEnjoyable session, Bro. Mil* 
port of the Grand Lodge recent 

Exam pi 

April S. 
gave a short re- 
eeting on Easter 

.Monday, at Manchester. Our W.S., Bro.Sturges, son of 
theD.C.T. of East Somerset, then gave a few remarks, 
a>,fter which there were Bongs by Sister Bishop, Bro. 
Hishop, and Bro. Collins. Readings by Sister Collins, 
W.C.T., and Bros. Burton and Andiews, and a 
recitation by Bro. Collins. 

Wolverhamton.— "St. Paul's Excelsior." April 8. 
Open session and tea mec-ting, 55 sat down to tea, after 
which the meeting was augmented to about 80. ^ Bro G. 
Kvans, W.D., presided, and songs and recitations were 
Kendered by Messrs. Morgan. Foster, Collins, Siddens, 
■hnd a friend from Ludley, also Mesdames Gettings, 
[Smith, and Foster. After the concert, parlour games 
finished up a most enioyable evening. 

Cheltenham.— "St. Mark's Srsmaritan." March 30. 
Anniversary tea nnd public me-ting. Chairman, Bro. 
Millard, P.W.DT., who instituted the Lodge three 
vears ago. Good attendance ; fair programme rendered 
by members and friends. 

Cheltenham.— "Imperial." April 2. Mail bagnight, 
including contributions from the following D.C.T.'s: — 
Boyd, Jones, Sturges, Balmer, and Winton, and Bro. 
Tolley, P. W.D.Co., of Hereford, &c. Vote of condo- 
hence to Brother and Sister Collings, D.C.T. and 
D.S. J.T., on the death of their daughter. 

Colnbrook.— March 30. Officered and entertained 
ty members of the Iver and Uxbridge Lodges. Two 
initiated) The remainder of the session, was occupied by 

some capital recitations and singing, Bro. Bullock, D.G., 
presiding. The sessicn was held in the Primitive 
Methodist chapel, the ordinary Lodge-room not being 
large enough. Refreshments were provided at the close, 
to which about 60 sat down, including some visitors 
from Chalvey. It was altogether a most successful 

Atherstone. — March 25. Good attendance of members 
and visitors from Nuneaton. The sifters provided an excel- 
lent Bupper. There was in view in the Lodge-room an 
elegant inkstand, which is to be sent to our late W.C.T., 
Bro. J. W. Griffin, as a mark of esteem. 

Chertset.— "Crmaders of Chertsey." March 26. 
Officered by the Staines Excelsior Lodge. Bro. Fear 
presided. A very pleasant evening was spent, the Lodge 
being entertained by the visitors with some capital reci- 
tations, songs, addresses, and a dialogue by Bro. and 
Sister Howard. Bro. J. Woodger was elected L.D., and 
Bro. S. Bullard E.D.— Anril 2. Devotional evening, 
conducted by Bro. Brown, W.V.T., consisting of singing, 
experience and prayerB. Bro. Cosson, from the Star of 
Richmond Lodge.gave an encouraging experience address 
of the work of the Order in and around Richmond.— 
April 9. ArrangsmentB for the ensuing week being 
to visit StaineB Excelsior Lodge, and Walton Olive 
Branch Lodge. The good of the Order was spent in 
songs, reading, and a capi al recitation by Bro. Bullard, 
a visitor from Newport Pagnal Lodge. 

Freshwater (I.W.).— "Mavblossom." March 31. 
Open session. Meeting addressed by the Rev. C. Stewart, 
curate-in-charge of the parish, and the Rev. Mr. Robin- 
son, Congregational minister, both of whom, with two 
others, were afterwards initiated into the Order. Four 
proposed for next session. A very pleasant and profitable 
evening spent. 

Es&ter.— "Matthew the Miller." April 2. One ini- 
tiated. This being the eve of Good Friday, the Lodge 
partook of hot crosB buns and coffee, which was thoroughly 
enjoyed. A pleasant evening. 

Doncaster.— " White Rose." March 25. Good meet- 
ing. One proposed. Programme, experience meeting. 
Very interesting. — April 1. P'easant session. One 
initiated ; one proposed. Committee reported that the 
Monthly Temperance Visitor was to be continued another 
three months. Exchange of eatables ; very enj-yable. 
Bro. Raddish af terwai ds entertained. Watohwobds 

Cambridge. — " Chesterton Providence. " April 3. 
Twelfth anniversary celebrated by a public tea, to which 
120 sat down, afterwards an entertainment. Bro. Rev. 
W. A. Guttridge, M.A., W.D. Chap., presided. Songs 
by Bros. Lyon, E.D., Goldings, V.D., Prescott, W.S., 
Clee and Guttridge ; Sisters Polled and Baldwin ; duets, 
Bros. Lyons and Lofts, and Sisters Baldwin and Deger- 
don ; recitations, Bros. Richardson, Howard and 
Degerdon ; concertina solos, Bro. G. Golding; capital 
dialogue by the members. Miss Vail officiated at the 
piano ; over 300 present. Address by Bro. John Taylor, 

Cambridge. — "Deus Vult." April 2. Two initiated. 
Visit of Abbey Lodge. Bro. G.W. Golding, W.C.T., in 
the chair. Songs, Bros. S. Wilson, Lyon, Golding, jun. ; 
concertina solo, Bro. G. W. Golding. 

Exeter.— "Abraham Lincoln." March 13. Pro- 
gramme (short Temperance readings) waa carried out by 
sisters and brothers. We find this very interesting to 
the members. — March 20. Visited by Young Exeter 
J.T., when our little sisters and brothers, about 40 in 
number, gave a capital entertainment of songs and 
recitations arranged by their superintendent, Bro. 
Russel, after which they partook of cake and coffee. — 
March 27. Officered by P.W.C.T.s. Practised several 
odes, and many questions were asked by the members 
bearing on the Order, which received satisfactory 
lswers. Attendance of members improving. 
Croydon.— " Pioneer." April 2. May Flower Lodge 
ted, and gave a sacred entertainment. A well- written 
i read to the W.C.T. of Lodge. A very plea- 
sant evening was spent. 

Manchester. — "Haven of Rest." April 3. iWell 
attended by members and visitors. The W.D.Tr., Bro. 
W. Gibbon, presided. The Lodge was also visited by 
the Juvenile Temple of the Pioneers' Hope, who enter- 
tained with songs, recitations, and an excellent dialogue. 
Bro. and Sister Hayes supplied with hot cross buns and 
coffee. A very pleasant evening was spent. 

Winton. — " Hope Ever More." A public meeting ad- 
dressed by Bro. Alderman Norton, of Poole. Bro. Nor- 
ton was listened to with the greatest of attention and 
sympathy by a large and respectable audience. The Rev. 
S. Eldridge presided, who spoke strongly in favour of 
Bro. Nortr u's proceedings. There were also on the plat- 
form the Rev. J. Wilson, Mr. J. Masters, Bro. Nimty, 
Bro. J- A. WalBh, Bro. F- Stone, and Bro. Sadler. After 
Bro. Norton's speech the following resolutions were put 
to the meeting and carried unanimously. 1. That this 
meeting desires to express their hearty sympathy with 
Mr. Alderman Norton in his action for the interest of 
morality and justice. 2. That this meeting desires to ex- 
press the opinion that the sentence passed on Williams, 
the private inquiry agont, was unjust, and thatan inquiry 
of a strictly impartial nature ought to be instituted at Poole 
with the following rider. That a copy of the foregoing 
resolutions be sent to the Right Hon. W. E. Glad- 
stone, the Home Secretary, and Horace Davey, Esq., 
M.P. for the borough. 

Oxford.— "St. Clements." March 4. One received 
on c.c. — March 11. The W.S. read a very fraternal and 
encouraging letter from G. Hedges, L.D., Manchester 
Haven of Rest Lodge ; reply ordered to be Bent. Bro. 
Stubbs, P.D.CT., North Stafford, addressed the Lodge. 
— March 18. Open testimony meeting; several hymns 
very heartily sung, and testimonies given to the blessings 
of total abstinence ; very pleasant and profitable meeting. 
— March 25. W.S. read a letter from Bro. Hedgei, offer- 
ing a prize to the member who obtained the most candi- 
dates (over 3) during next quarter. One initiated ; 
surprise night.; surprise minute book and collection 

Anat 20, 1885."* 




A SEWING MACHINE that is Simple. 
Silent, and Efficient, and that can be used 
by every member of the household, includ- 
ing ohildren and servants ; that in its use 
involves no Difficulty, Delay, or Noise, and 
in its results is free from Uncertainty of 

Suoh a Machine is seen in the WILLOOX 


There Is no Difficulty, as owing to the 
Self-Regulating Charaoter of the " AUTO- 
MATIC" it can be used at onoe by the 
most inexperienced. 


The "AUTOMATIC" is always ready for 
use, and no preparatory experiment or 
testing is necessary when work is to be 
done, but a saving of time is effected in 
olng even a few inches of sewing. 


The "AUTOMATIC" does not Interfere 
with the ordinary domestio oooupations. 

Beading, Muslo, and Conversation, oan 
be oontinued during its use, and the sleep- 
ing infant is not awakened. 


There is no uncertainty in commencing 
work on the " AUTOMATIC," as the 
Tension is Self-Aoting, and the adjustment 
of length of stitch is regulated with sclent! 
no exaotltude. 


The "AUTOMATIC " never fails with the 
most ordinary oare, even in the hands of 
beginners, to produce perfeot work— work 
of perfeot Beauty, Seourity and Durability 

And there is nothing to prevent all ranks 
and classes experiencing the blessing 
conferred upon their HOMES by the 
presence of one of these exquisite 


Free Trial at Home. Carriage P aid 

Price List Post Free. Easy Termi 

of Payment. 

Willcox & Gibbs 

Sewing Machine Company. 

Londok : 

Chief Office for Europe— 150, CHEAPSIDE. 

West End Branch— 135, REGENT STREET, W. 

Masohbstkr— 34, KING STREET. 

Glasgow— 115, HOPE STREET (corner of Both- 
Beightou— 32, NEW ROAD. 
Canterbury— 15, MERCERY LANE. 
Nottingham— 11, MARKET STREET. 


N.B.— This Company was the first to start Temperance Cafes in the City for 


1, Ludgate Circus Buildings, Farringdon Street, and 
61, Gracechurch Street, City. 


VISITORS TO I ShmiM Spend 2d. nt the Bookstall for a Copy of the April 


CONTENTS —Altered Times ; Temperance Pennon by Dr. Jabez Bnrns, preached 45 years as - Tll » Good of the Order; with 

r.2 sii^"e-tive topics fur c-nvs, Av. lVt;. Hints, and Illustrations. Platform Points. Trying Both M.1,.'$. Outline Address 
for the Yonny. Music (in liiitli V.tatinns>— "0 Men of Truth, Arise." :-Johu I li-ni^ and !ii= Chrnrnnn Dinner 
A Reminiscence, by Joseph Malias. ' Is There Nothing Beyond?" Soot and Diamonds, Rhythmic Teaching, The Choice of 
Trade3 ; a Dialogue tor 11 Boys, and Girls. A B<>j's Gleaning. A Song of Three Words. 

// you cannot attend Grand Lodw order a copy of your bookseller, or send 2^1. to G. H. GRAHAM, Maidstone. 


Twenty-four Worde ana under Is, \ p»_ PJTT) 

For every Six Words Additional 6d.J 

Reductions on a aeriea of consecutive insertions as follows : - 
i3 i nsertionp as 10 26 as 21 ; 52 aa 40. As these Advertise 
menta are inserted at specially low rates Remittance mus 
c company Order. 

BANNERS (Processional), Bannerettes and Flags, on 
Sale, Hire, or to Order.— Apply, Legs and Co , Practical 
Banner Painters, Birmingham. Price lists free. 

REGALIA, Gold Lace Fringe, &c. ; business to be 
d.sposed of privately ; suit member and mte, LO.&.T.— 
For full particulars, address, Regalia, Watchword Office, Bolt- 
Court, Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

testimony from x2 eminent sources printed on cards, in a 
eat box serving either as notes or a family game, with a copy of 

SODAWATER MACHINE for Sale ; not complete 
price £7.— Apply, Joseph Morgan, North -street, 
Lcighton Buzzard. 

How to circulate the Watchword. 


32 Copies (3-lbs.) for 2s. 4d. 

52 p os- „ 3s. ad 

72 „ tf-lbs-S „ 5s. 2d. 

For lesser quantities the Tkbys of Subscription, Post 
Free, are :— 

1 Copy for 13 weeks 1/6 26 weeks. 3/0 52 weeks, 6/0 

2 , 3/0 „ „ 6/0 „ „ 12/0 

3 „ „ „ 4/3 „ „ 8/6 „ ,, 17/0 

4 „ „ „ 5/0 „ „ 10/0 „ „ 20/0 
5 6/0 „ „ 12/0 „ ., 24/0 

Six Copies or more at the rate of One Penny per Cony 
Post Free. 

Publishing and Advertisement Office, 3, Bolt-court, 
Fleet-Btreet, London, E.C. 

Post Orders payable to John KjEMPSTER, Ludgate- 
Circus Office. E.C. 

LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 21- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 2/- 


LEWIS'S 21- 


LlVVIo b ask you to send them 2s., 
either in stamps or postal orders, and you 
will receive ONE POUND of splendid 
TEA. This magnificent Tea is good 
enough for the Queen to drink it is so 
good. Lewis's now sell 4,0001b. of Tea 
a day to persons who call for the Tea 
and take it away, so that in sending you 
this Tea, carriage paid, at 2s. a pound, 
Lewis's lose the expense of carriage, 
which is about 6d. a package. Lewis 'a 
bear this great loss because they wish 
to make their tea known in every 
household in the United Kingdom. 
When you have tasted Lewis's extra- 
ordinary tea, you will be sure to order 
more, and recommend it to your friends. 
Send the 2s. in stamps, or in postal 
orders, and address your letter to Lewis 
and Co., Ranelagh Street, Liverpool. 
(Please mention this paper.) 

to othe 

pORNS AND BUNIONS. -A gentleman, many 
V7 years tormented with Corns, will be happy to afford 
formation by which he obtained their 
lin a short peri»d, without pain orincon- 
Forward address on a stamped envelope to C. 
quack imposture 

J. Potts, Esq., Ware, Herts. This is i 


National Temperance Fete, 

TUESDAY, JULY 14. 1885. 

Under the Auspices of the 

Independent Order of Good Templars. 


Great Gospel Temperance Meetings, 

To be addressed by Representatives from all parts of 
the Kingdom, and Members of Parliament. 



CHORAL CONCERTS by 10,000 Abstainers. 

Conductor • - - Mr. G. W. WILLIAMS. 

And a Temperance Choir Contest for PRIZES value £40. 




Of the Grand Lodge of England. 

CRICKET MATCHES and other Athletic and 
Village Sports. 

Grand Procession of Temperance Orders 
and Societies, 



Grand Display of Fountains. 

The Gardens in all their Summer Beauty. 

Ttie Grand Day of the year, 
For further particulars apply to — 

WM. PARNCUTT, Hon. Sec, 





April 20. 1885. 



Quarter .One Line Is. fld. wo Linaa Js. Od 

ualf-Year ..._« „ 8a. Od. M 8fl. Od. 

Year , 6s. Od. „ 10s. Od. 

Correapoidanta enonid alwajs sciuu on what nlgut ttie Lodge 
meeta. When no hnor It ctntc s the Lodge meets at 8 p.m. 

Lodge Secretaries pleatl note that we do not lend receipts for 
payment of subscriptions ; the appearance of the annonnoemontt 
lor the period paid for beloe a sufficient acknowledgment. 

dnbacriptlons ma; commence at any date and most be pre-paid 
Post Office -hMera payable to Johh KKHParza, at "Lnd?ate- 
lrctu " office. 


anner of Peace. 3, PeTer-atreet, Tottenham Cotirt-rd. 8 15. 
BelBTflT* Eaton Church Boheolroom.. Oirolino-gtreet, Plmliflo 
Oi'y of London. AMermrate SehooW, 181, Ald«r"rate-"trei ' ~" 
GratitnnX 1. W-11'b Bnilrimps, Hamp-:tead, N.W. 8.15. 

s-<itreet. E.G. 

Bt. Thomas' School, Baroness-road, Hack- 
Morley Hall, Mare- street, Hackney. 8.15 

Lutobftth Peraevonuiae. 101,'Soutb Cumbath-ruad, S. W. 815 

Orange Branch Con. School, St. Martin's- street, Leicaster-Bq. 
entranos Loug-rotirt. 8.15. 

Prudential. Ebenezer Chapel, Hackfnrd-read, Brixton-road 
and dapham.road. 

Reeiua. British lohool-room, 153, Ken' ish Town-road. 

Shamrock. Phoenix Coffee Tavern, 40. \>w Keut-rd.. $.K. 8.15. 

Vuloan. Temp. Hull. Nort li-.t., Knnniti^ton-rd., S.E. 8.15. 

West End of London. Nutford Hall, 1a, Nutfonl-pl,E<t]>\raro.r. 8.15 

Albert Bond of Brotherhood. Temp. Hall, Boasuii-st., New 
Cross Gate. 

Freedom of Londo' 
ney-road, 8.15. 

Hackney Mission. __ 

Hand of" Friendship. Shor.-litch Wiii. Hall, KiojsUnd-rd. 8. 

.TabeE Burns. Lecture Hall, Church^t reot, F,di:ware-road. 

.Tamei Eaton. Mid.Cl.Sch,-rtn.,Wnt >rlnn st.,C:iin1iorwoll-pk. 8.15. 

Marlborough. Chap. Sch. Bra., Mailbco! So., OoUejES St., Chelsea 

New Cross Excelsior Working Men b Coffee Tavern, Ohurcu- 
sfrreet, Deptford. 

u i«torr Won. Fane-st. Mi«l<m Room North-end-rd., Fulham. 

Wellington. Mission Hall, Kings-court, Borough, S.E. 8 15. 

Armoury. Norwood BonCols, Southall. 7.30. 

BenjaminFranklin. Schnol-rooiu, St. Luke's Church, Berwick- 
street, xford-sueet 8.30. 

Citizen. Shoreditch Mi^.-iou nail (under arch), Kingsland- 

Good Shepherd. Ehen^zr-r Ch , Northend rd., West Kensmcton. 

Gunnersbury. Baptist Clipl , Broadway, Turn ham Greeo. 7.30. 

Jehovah Jireh, Temp. Ball, North-street, Ken mutton-road. 

Joseph Payne. Christ Church Sctil. Charlton-st., Somers' Town. 

Margaret HeOurrey.— Sydney Gall, Leader-street, Chelsea. 

Pride of Isledon Temp. Hall Ch. Pa-sp-cd o-wt , Islington. 8.15. 

St. John's IslatKWs Board ^li^l, 'llenjf&ll-rd., Cabltt Town 

St. Hike's W.Holl.Avav. Parochial Hall. Nortb-rd .Cattle Marfct 

The Miut. Mission JlaH. Harrow-bt., Mint-st., Soutuwark, S.E. 
I'm ■ = 5U*X. 

Albert. Institute, 47, Wilkin-streot, Kentish Town, N.W. 

General Garfield. Paradise-rd. School, Clapham-road. 

Heart's CoDtont. BgUi Hall, Neal-streot, Long Acre, 8.15, 

Homerton's Hope Gravel Pit f hap., Chatham-pi., Hackney. 815 

Hope of Highgate. St. Anne's Sch.. Cin-ter-vd.. Highgate N.Tn. 

Hope of Streatham. Iron Schoolroom , Lewin-road, Strcathaiu. 

Jas. McCurrey. Bedford Hall, Upper Mauor-st., Chelsea. 

Kew. Temperance Hall, Cumberland place. Kew. 

London Olive Branch. Lecture Hall, Kingsgate-st. Chapel 
Holborn. 8.30. 

Military Brothers. Temp. Hall, Curoline-ttaset, Old Kent-road. 

Progress St. Leonards Chapol, St. Leonards-street, Pimlioo. 

Shaftesbury Park Piim. Moth Seliool. Gravsbott-road. 8.15. 

Silver Street C.tlW i'.-.Ucc, Ili-li- i ie-t, N.-,tiin? Hill-gate. 

Tottenham Holdfast. Etedhouse Coifee l'aL.l'Ii-h-rd.. Tottenham 

Bedford. Maberly Chapel Sohoel. Balls' Pond-road, near Kings- 
land Gate. 

Covenlale. Edinboro' Castle Coffee Palace, Rodeswell-rd., 

G. W. MeCree. 3, Percy-street, Tottenham Court-road. 8.30. 
John Bowen. Alliance Hall, Creek-road, Deptford. 
Peckhara. Albert Hall. Alht-rt-rowd, Beckham Jut. Tern- 6-30. 
South London. Bible Christian Schoolroom. Waterloo-road, S.E 
St. Pancras. Havelock Had, Charlton-street, Euston-rjad. 

Artisan. Miss. Hall, Cambridge He*th Bridge, Hackney. 7.30. 
Corner »*tone. 93, High-street, Poplar. E 

Dove. Mission [{:vU,Dovc-mw,GoM.= mith RowHackney-rd. 7.45. 
Farmhouse. MUeion Hall, 22, New Cut, Blaekfriars, S. E. 
G. W. Johnson, Temp Hall North St., Keunimrtou-road. 7.45 
Heury Ansell. Wellington Ball, Upper-street, Islington. 
Lincoln and Garfield. Minion Hallux, Neal-st., Long \cre,W.O. 
Mile End. Chnst Ch. Parish Km., Walnpy-st, Commercial-rd. 
Sir Hncrh Myddletoa. 14. Spenoer-stDeet, Goswe'1-road. 8.15 
St. Andrew's. Working Men's Institute, Bel in ore-street Wands- 
Stock well's Hope. The Instate, Stockwell Green. 
Victoria Park. Twig Folly ScU., Bonner-lane, Green-street. 


AldbRSHOT.— Alderslmt. llr*. Storold"? Rch.-rm , Albert-rd. 7.S0 
Aldershot.— AshValo Sis.Cooksey s.Coiiitnf-saiiat Brldg. 
Beiohton.— Eoyal Sussex. Sussex-street Mission Hall. 8.15. 
Brighton. — Amor Christie. Frie-ds' Institute. Ship-st. 8.15, 
BlituiNonAM.— Nil Dosperandum. Bichaidson's School-room, 

Farm-street, Great King-street. 
BLACKPOOL.— Guiding Star. The Hall, Yorkshire-street 
Croydon. — Hope of Croydon, Church Pnth, North-end. 
HEREFORD.— Star of Hope. Prim. Mcth. School?, East-street. 
Lancaster.— County Palatine. Xemjolftr'a-rooms.Friarspaa. 7.30 
I.— Plymouth. Hope Chapel Sol onlrooui,Ebrington-st. 


RadclifTe. G.T. Hall, Green 
'DaTid Millingtou," Qnecn's Hall. Clau^hton-rd 


BlRMrNOUAM. — Sandford Model, 

street. 7.45, 

Brighton. — Brighthelm;tone, Conference Hall, Broad-st. 8.15 
Bockinoham.— Juckinghatu. Temperance Hall. 7.30, 
Cambridge— Loyal Cambridge, G.T. Mission!,Victoria-st8.15 
Chllmsford. — Chelmsfoi d. Assembly Rooms. 
Folkestone. CiesarsCamp. Con^rc'crl. Sili'ol, Tootine-st. 
FOOTS CftAT.— Busy T.ccb. National Soli- -els, i linndi-road. 7.30 
Great Yarmouth.— Good Hope. Bethel. Hodncy-road, 7.45. 

Saviour' a School, Farm- 

-Hope o( Hertford. Wt^leyan Schtrm , Ware-rd. 


Manchester.— Towei 
lane, Hulme. 7 30. 
Man htster.— Rev.Chas.G Tr.'tt. ^.He\,His-htOwn. 7-45. 
Manchester. — Good Samariran. Cong. Sch., Stockport-rd. 7.30. 
Mabwatb.— Isle of Thanet. Primitive Blethodiat School-room 
Newoastle-on-Ttne.— Manors. Fi iends* School, Manor. 7.30. 
Guiding Star, Schoolicom, Chapel-street. 7.30 

RyDE, I.W.— Ryde. Temperance Hall, High-street, 

Bath.— Ootterell. St. James's MiS3. Rm., Xewark-at.,OId Bridge. 
Ghester.— Octagor. Temperance Hall, Frndaham-street. 
Eastbowrne.— Star of Eastbourne, Leaf nail. 
F-ndbrbt (Leicester).— Charles Brook. National School. 
Hull. -Always Active. Lower Uuion-str. «C Cflnb Room. 
Manchester.— toiendlr. BbaueEar Schla Red Bank.Cheetham. 
Southampton.— Phoanix. I.O.G.T. Hall, Awupart-street. 
Southend-on-Sea.— Nil Dcsperandmn British School, High-st. 
Staines.— Excelsior. Congregation:!] Sehool-room. 8.15. 
St. Leosards-on-Sea.— St Laonards Temp. Hall. Norman-rd. 
Wetmouth.— Caxton. Temperance Hall, Park-street. 7.30. 
Winchester.— City of Winchester. Y.M.C.A., Gt. Minster-st. 
Wisbech. Olarkson Lecture Room Public Hall. 

Bath.— Walcot Good Bamaritan. Countess of Huntingdon's 


, Vineyard. 
—Severn-street Severn --treet. 
S Bffpti-d. School, llark.stn 

1»-Trevt. Eoual Rights, Now Tern 

;. 7.30. 
... Hall, Hnion-st. 
CROYDON PionRER. Vidro i i Coffee T*vern, <'liurch-street. 
Kieter.— Matthew the Uiilor Westgfate Coffee I'avurn. 
Fulkmstmnr. — Love and I'liiiy. Coiigfcgatiimal School. 
GitAWJ3«NO.— St*rof Grave,0'u|, PnOlic Ball. 
Great Yarmouth.— Bethel. Mariners" Chanel, SMi. Quav. 7 3D 
Hereford. — Star of Hope. Prim. Mcth. School-room, East-st. 
Hull —Union. Templar,' Hull, 'oSteeogate. 
Leeds.— Nil Uosperandum. Wiatonn-.^t. Schlrru (off North-st.) 
Leicester.— E 

[Ieadino.— Caledonia 

— Bafegftrd of Milton. Coffee Tavern, 7. 
— Hand in Hand. Temp. Hall, Tho Crescent. 8.15. 
— Star of St. Neots. Wesloyan Day School. 

(Devon). — Mount Edgcumbe. Sailora' Welcome, 

WImblkdon.— Palinorston. St.George s Hallj St. Georgo'«-road 

Blackpool.— Gleam of Hope. Bap. Sch.-rm., Abinsdon-st. 7.30 

Brighton.— Advance Guard. Lowes Rd., Con-1. Sehl. Rm., 8.16. 
Bristol. MorniiiL' Stu- Tciiip,., Hall, Broad-street. 7.45. 
BUST ST-EMtowDg.— Star and grown. FriendVMtagJjQnae. 8 15. 
Exeter.— Abraham Lincoln. D. and E Coffee Tav., 101, Fore-st., 
Folkestone.— Safeguard. Congregational School. 
GuILdpord.— Guildford. Ward-street Hall. 8,15. 
Mereford.— True to tho End. Friend-' Mc. tin:' House, King-st. 
Hull— United Effort. Club Room, Lower n^on-st. 7.30. 
Liverpool.— Cranmor. Cofffio Kootn, 111, Great Homer-Street. 
Manchester. -Loyal R. ffMtworth. 117, C,-o-iv.„-nor-street, AH 

Saints 7.45. 
Manchester.— Haven of Rest. Brit. Work , Hirher Ormond-st. 

O. on M. 7.45 
NEW MA LDEN.-Sn re Refuee Bap. Chap. Sch.-rm. .Kingston -rd. 7.30 
Plymouth. — Rliott. liorou^h A.rm=, ■'•odford-atreot. 
SHTiNfiioORNK —Trinity Star. Pembury-sireet. 7.30. 
SouthpoHt.— Montpelicr. T«mneranco Hall, London-st, 7.30. 
SUTTon.— Excelsior. M.'u'diall-ron-! s,:hoolro'im. 
Tunbrioge Wells.— Silent Dew. Friendly Society's Hall. 
Wetmouth.— Hope of Weymouth. Temp Hall. Park-st. 7.30. 

Barrow-in-Furness. Hope of Barrow Temp. Hall, Greengate. 
GravksenD.— Satellite. Temperance Hall, Manor-road. 
Manchester.— Coucilio et Lahore. 5, Fuuntain-st., City. 7 p.m. 
Plymouth. Ark of Love. Hope Chapel Sch-rm., Ebringrton-st. 

Belfast.— Erin's First. Mercantile Academy, Clenravel-st. Friday. 

Town Hall, Ratlin 

. .i 

Douglas.— Primrose. G. T. Hall, Fort-st., of! Victoria 
)RT of Hamburg.— Sailors' Institute. Tuesday. 
arand Uxlge of 3ontb Anatolia I.O.G.T 
R. W. Q. Lodpe of the Wfirld. ™ 
Member of the Order emigrating to Sontb anstralia will please 
»ce the address of the G.WS.— fl\ W, Winwoodi I.O.G.T. Office 
Adelaide, S.A. 

Poetof Spain.— "Trinidad." Templars' Hall,«8.Duke-st.Thnr., 7 p.n>. 

Landour. — Himalaya Star. Soldiers' Institute. Friday, 7. 


Port Louis.— Victoria No. 1. 36, Rempart-street. Friday, 7. 


Winnipeg.— Pride of West No. I. Wesley Church, corner of 
Rose and Nena-st. L.D., Bco. R Wilkinson, !), Gwendoline-it 

Alexandria.— Advance. School-room, Ras-el-Tin Mon., 7. 

Ad-.wndria. — Hope, Sailor-' Hone.-, Marina. Saturday, 7. 

Colchester.— Stronghold of b'ri-'ml.^liip. Inf. Sch Camp. Wed, 8. 

Devonport.— Cclcr-.'tAni-iaNi.Oorc.yV Ib.-tre.^hiiieiit H-e. S, Fore-st 

EGYPT. — Lome N.W. Block, Hamhdj Barracks. 

SHKf.RNKS.s. — Naval ExeeUior. Ili-thcl Schrm. , Blue To v 

ShoeBuRtnfss. — Hope of Shoeburyncss. Mission rooc 
street. Monday, 7.30. 

Soudan.— Nil Despcrandura. 1st Batt. R. Sussex Regt, Ex- 
peditionary Force. Sat, C.30 (Near Camp). 
>u dAn.— Onward lioumL lit But.R.W.K Regt-.ncarCamp. 6.30 

Malta.— Shrcr..= Liru GiuruT.t; Kter «., Tho Re.-t. Wed., 7 p.m. 

ii. 7.30. 
, Hi,dr. 

rd Kfiund. Infant Scliool. Monday 7. 

No Beee in the Harvest Field.— A conference, 
which landowners, farmers, and hopgro'vers took 
part, was held in Canterbury, on Saturday, April 11, 
on the use of beer in the harvest-field. A resolution 
u favour of paying for all harvest labour entirely in 
cash was adopted. 

The Juvenile Templar and Sunrise.— Back "num- 
bers of these beautifully-illustrated magazines, for 
distribution atfetes, galas, anniversaries, entertainments, 
&c, at waste-paper prices, carriage paid, one sliilliug and 
sixpence per hundred ; 250 for 2s. 6d. - t 500 for 4s. ; 1,000 
for 7s.— John Kempster and Co' 3, Bolt-court, Fleet- 
etreet, London, E.G. — TAdvt 


In Missouri 21 counties have banished drinking 
saloons trom their border*.— — In Arkansas there are 
no saloons in Ashley, Dorsey, Dallas, Polk, and Scott 

Couaties. The Kansas Legislature has voted to 

prohibit the sale of tobacco to minors under ll>. — — 
It is said that labour has improved 100 per cent, in the 
counties of Georgia where prohibition has been 
adopted. Petitions asking that a prohibitory con- 
stitutional amendment be submi ted to the people are 

being extensively circulated in Texas, The Colorado 

Senate has approved abiliprohibitingthesaleof liquors 

to minors and drunkards. Many petitions are being 

presented for a prohibition constitutional amendment. 

The Washington correspondent of the Boston 

Traveller, writing of Miss Cleveland's first reception at 
theWhiteHouse,aud referring toher''pronouncedviews 
on the TemperaDcs question," mentions that it is said, 
" that she will noC obtrude her ideas so as to indicate 
what course she desires her distinguished brother to 
pursue in relation to furnishing wines atState dinners." 
Farther Miss Cleveland is reported as saying, concern- 
ing wine at State dinners : " My brother and I are 
two. While I h*ve my convictions on the Temperance 

question, I shall not interfere with him." Two 

Christian Temperance women were recently 
fined lOdol. each by a Justics of the Peace, 
of Cornwall, N. Y., for disturbing tho liquor- 
saloons of that place by prayer ! The 

officers of tho Wisconsin State Agricultural 
Society have voted not to admit any beer-saloons 

within their grounds at the next State Fair. The 

De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind., offers a prize 
of S5dol, to the student who shall present the best 
essay on " The best way of securing; hearty co-opera- 
tion of all friends of order in the suppression of the 

liquor-traffic." A delegation of 200 womon, repre- 

sentingthe Women's Christian Temperance Union and 
the Temperance Alliance of the District oi Columbia, 
reoently called upon Miss Cleveland at th« White 
House. Mrs. La Fetra, in behalf of the delegation, 
addressed Mi»s Cleveland, making no requests in rela- 
tion to Temperance interest, but proffering their 
respeet and confidence. Miss Cleveland, in reply, 
expressed her appreciation of the delicate manner 
lit was made, and her pleasnre at 
delegation. The visitors were 
ltrodnced to the Presideat. 

vhich the 

Bro. Ros bottom is now open for engagements to speak 
and siug —100, Pool Stock, Wigan, Laucas.— Advt. 



Fringes, Gimps, Braids, Stars, Tassels, 

Buttons, Letters, Rosettes, Embroidered j 

Badges and Emblems, Pins, &e. 


J. h/kenward, 

122, Cheapsitle, London. B.C. 

Entrance in Wood-street. 

April 20, 18&5. 



pj^i ■■■ * * -:• * -:• •? •/■ •:• * ■»■ * * * * * •:■ * * •:< .:- * .;■ * .;- -> .;. »> ^. [yffi| 
J= iJ Read thia Advertisement very carefully, as It may not appear again. B^ 1 



RINGS, of Eq ual Value, G IVEN AWAY. 

£5 per week easily earned by Agents. 
RHAD ! -Ft-ZS^A-ia t lE-VEHY WORD ! 

We nov.- oBer you the FINEST and MOST BEACTIFn. WORK OF ART that was EVFR 
OFFERED the Public, THE 



EVERY CHRISTIAN FAMILY will buy one. Over 1,000 sold by ONE AGENT 
One Month. 


cf nt. i-|..t..,i 1 1- :i:k1 .■«-'!■,' M-iTi.' .'n .-r;i \ i ii,-. -i.' 20in. !■'. l&in. It crui.-i-t- ■ ■: tin? |..,,,r- lvm-r*, embdlisl 
ovw ONE HUNDRED ■-■■;■■, .-C tic:- nv.-t rittin K .ii^!.' d,..i ."i.'Ut. Tli.-e 

nnil en.hli-ii.s ir, ..l,-.-,,rr.f r-l . -I .■iqui-ito svnrk thru I.- possil.l* f„r an ,.n : -t (o dr.. The' anus 

N, whose name b known thrmiziinut the world, hi. = \u ;: ./,:.,. ■ ■ ■ ■■ -, — h im^-mali.n, 
.flffinary Hcenes o( hfuvan it, i ui,:..\UTV AND G LOR V. ilu- Aneek uinl 

■■] Wl't! 


i=- Litiiosrjplu-d in tinted c 

l> Wol-1,1, 

. . . licnuty ■hi.] j-.-i-f,-. ■;,..< 
c i< is iii it* perfect icui 

' lort'irentii ; 

. . .t.jT 1-. i: 

lurni»h oifiei ih any truitnhty t<> hsvuIaot d.'okrs 

Tlii* CKBluiaMon will she y.iu but. n (aim kUa 

exeominr.c.Ftti,en-Mvini.-. It .mist ne seen to ana 

A WORD TO AGEXTS -Am Mure t.» never h 

afford* tol, ■< m ■■■ On only n 

A Lirrre nuuil^i "i v/. ir ." vvnrl: -rliinr; a ,„.,„.„,. ..,,_- 1VhJ . 

■■ ..i) i-i 'oi.-.^hI llj -■■lliiv it, iL. the Tflrtral .-fiitiiM.-nt -.!' iIji, .■HCL'.ivinv' insure- it- >-u ]j- t.vei'-f»tir?i.U<M. :h it al'.nr rlr-jtiiiL" the siile i.l ii t lirouiflmut :ill i 'li ristcn .i-.i 1 1 

n»n will have -,u- ii they hnve money to buy il wirh. One word with rwrard to the 

i «Xu?T&riir was wild :il 8s. .', only :: fin price l«v ~u-Ai :i wotk of mf. Lilt in culiseq 

tae iras r«dac«4 W> 3«., whwti is very cheap. 

" 11 MILLION OOPIBSof this pfaet.and (ft makethtg SPECIAL OFFER i 

■"'" " >r 1b, .or 13 Stamps, and il vo 

e will make you a pu;5eiit of ' 

Tito flr»t eilUion of t . _.. 
ut greater di-mand oar (o.tiifr r>rv:e tras re-io^ed t 
We :.,-«■.,.■ . LI, ION 

re.idei-sufTHlgpAPBB. \V C "-111 send n 

ir*t up n ,.,!■ LU "iii.,. ri'.'i-.. and send u- 10s. 6(1. . or 130 Stamps, we will m 
COFLBB.' i-.weivill »«fid vnu20C. 1 0s. 6<L. er 130 Stamps. 

ANOTHER SPECIAL OFFER. S-nd i,> ." ■ i you 10fJ Copie 

T \H'tt: size ALtTMiNTUM goId 


: *1i i 


id sold I ifor £2 li-s.-und > mvI ii 

wli:il i In. I j itiv«-x e<*t. ;iud x 1 ' ' "' L l "-~ L *^ r " r "'* l*iny*rs 

LAST Q ■ '.' i in B«fiti«n 

200 LORD'S PRAYERS and a rpLmiW SOLID G 
with DIAMOND, •( «qtaifl value We WARS. ANT the 
fall !o RBiid Tor a 6*mple Oopv n( the enri'ivia; t .-» ranviv ■■ nh. You mi r-,.si|. ,,-n ] i,.i; in 'i\ weeks 

ittnilT M.wnin tbr li,,t..l Kir, ■• i.,.i ,..n wWh von can ninke *86 CLEAR MONEY. \7e i;n. iM-.iii.hw,.,,, 

or refund th« money. In rer*i'd >•- ^ar r-p.ji.^hUi*. sve n..r.:n m-u ton,,, r, ,u^m u,..rany Cai,er m the United 
Kinirtom. Do i,..» v.-.-iit i ., ■■■ : n.i ■■■ ■■ Oal ilofte, I U , , fo to work. 

This offer hold* food for one month from date of issue, except from abroad, when time N extended to four 

All Cheques and P.O.O.'s t* be made payable to the Bible Picture Agency 

(MASON ROBERTS, Principal), 145, Float Street, London, E.C, 

&*£% * £ * 1 i * * * * "i- * * * * * * * * * * * * a i * * 9 i i B^m 

Temperance Hotels. 

ThreaLinea 'il». not i im T"r vV ncr T.uio hayonrf 

Ino KaTABLlsHMKNT, the only one on strict Temperance 
principles. Note new Address, Blenheim Hoose, overlookin? 


—By gently stimulating the action of the liver an 1 tlightlj 

n« the bowels, the heavy drowsy feeling-, headache, pain 

O.L. Executive. Close to Euaton, St.PanorisanJ Eing'nCTOW Ryi 

2s. 9d. Sold everywhere. Insist c 

r Peppor'e-l 

b» U Vo 



?o««e«sed of this EEMEDY, Every Man may bl 
Ail own Doctor It may be rubbed into tht 
System, bo as to reach any internal Complaint, 
6y these means, it cures Sores or Ulcers in tb< 
Parts. It is an infallible remedy f6r BAD IEGS, 
BAD BKEASTS, Contracted or Stiff Joint., GOUT, 
BHEUKATISM, and all kinds of Skin Disease* 






Skin and Blood Diseases, ita effectB are marrellona. Thonnands of 
teitimonials from all parte. In bottles, 2b. 9d. each, and in earn 
of six times the quantity, 11b, each, of all Chemists, Bent to any 
address for 33 or 132 stamps by the Proprietors, Tkb Likoou 


Tanniu Uargle shoull be withiu the roach of all in the 
least degree snbject to throat affections, whether inflaniumtory, 
relaxed, ulcerated, hoarsonesa, swollen tonsil?, enl.irred uvnla, 
weakened voice, fee. Those coiistantly spuakintr, sHnffing, or 
reading, by nsine the Gar*le prevent the bnakiness, dryness, 
and irritation so frequently attendant on over exertion ; also of 
producing unusually sustained powers without injury to tho 
maODJ surfaces of the throat. 

Regularly used every morning the teeth aro kept in 
beautiful order. All decaying and destructive tartar is re- 
moved from the enamel, which assumes its ivory-liko appear- 

this delicious Aromatii' Dfutnii'.-e tho cnamal of the teeth 
becomes white, sound, and polished like ivory. It is exceedingly 
\ and especially useful. Get Cracroft's 

STJLPHOLINE SOAP is a delicately refined chemically 
puro soap, intended for general use, bat spu-oially hy those 
endowed with sensitive skins. Common imperfectly prepared 
soaps, tcented with injurious acrid oils, frequently cause skin 
diaeasHS. Forwasliin^ at all times, and bringing the skin to a 
soft, pliable, healthy condition, tjiittdioliue .Soap holds the 
first place. Its odour i^ very plea -an'-; and tin; yoap not expen- 
sive. Tablets, 6d. each. 



In Boim at la. ljd-. *•■ 9d -. •■■ M -, u * n«- 



IB Boxei at ll. Hd. , 2i. 3d., 4i. M., and 111. 

sale Prices, at J. Mbore's, Buxton-rosd, Huddei^ifleld. Price, 
with Drawings of every instrument, post free. Music for any 
kind of Baud. Bandmen's Caps. Patronis«d by the Army, 
Navy, and RUIe Corps. Second-hand Instruments bought or 
aken , in Exchange. 




ruoiD iircu- tb> nrsus. 


aioHTT vora 

u nw oiuign mat, 






This Ribbon, with two white stripes ad.led, is indic.iti7e 
of Anti-Smoking Good Templary, aod is sold at th 

New Cabinet Portraits of Bro. Joseph Malins, 
R.-W.G.T,, la. each ; carte de visite, 6d. each. 


Rkoistebed— No. 381,01.".. 
Produced solid in Bronze, Electro-gilt, Sterling Silver, 
Gold, and finished in the best style of workmanship. To 
Agents in Lodges ordering not less than one dozen 
a discount at the rate of 2s. in the pound will be allowed. 
Bronze Pendant, Pin or Brooch, 7d. ; Electro-gilt do., 
9d. ; Sterling Silver do.. Is. Id. ; Double-faced Silver 
Pendaut, 2s. 9d. ; Double-faced Gilt Silver Pendant, 
3s. 9d. ; Gold (!) rarat) Pendant, Pin, or Brooch, 13s. 6d.; 
Gold (15 carat) do., 18s. Gd. 
New Fancy Silver Pendant mounted on Blue Enamel, 3s. 


T H E 



This, which takes the place of the Juvenile White 
Regalia, consists of a specially made blue worsted material 
with a white stripe. On the left side is attached a 
Coventry silk-woven globe badge, with the letters 
"I.O.U.T." The whole is finished off with the new 
metal official seal, The grand Lodge of England being 
the sole makers, the price is, brought down to 
8d. each, or 6s. per dozen. 

SUB-LODGE OFFICERS. (12 to the set.) 

Scarlet Merino :— Narrow gimp, badge rosettes, 28s. the set. 

Scarlet French Merino:— Gold gimp, purple silk velvet, badges, 
star, rosettes, and buttons, £2 the Bet. 

Scarlet Cashmere :— Full trimmed ^imp, velvet, badpes 
Prince of Wales' feathers on embroidered ornaments, rosettes 
£2 10s. the set. 

Scarlet French Merino :— $in. fienred oris lace, gold braid, 
plated letters on purple velvet badge; gilt plume on velvet 

badge ; rosettes and 2in. tassels, £3 the set. 
Scarlet French Merino :— Jin. figured 

lace, gold braid, 

stars, plated letters on purple velvet badee ;' rosettes, and 
3in. tassels, £4 the set. 


(Purple, with Scarlet Collarette, 14 to the set.) 

Purple French Merino, Scarlet Collarette :— Jin. fitnired oris 

lace, gold braid, 1 star, 2 gilt plumes, silver silk woven letter*, 

— isettes, and Sin. tassels, £6. 

Purple Velvet, with Scarlet Velvet Collarette, Jin. gold lace, 
ljin. gold fringe, silver stlk woven letters, silk lined, rosettes 
and 3in. tassels, £0. 

Scarlet French Merino:—! row gold Russian braid, pla 

' gold gimp, silver plated let- 

letters, official seals, 

Scarlet French Merii 

rs, official seals, 25s. 

Scarlet French Merino :— Best gimp, silver plated letters on 
purple velvet badges, official seals 30s. 

Sets for Senior Temples, made larger, and charged 8s. per set 

Superintendents Regalia, 5s. ; 73. 6d. each. 
Regalia Boxes.— Tin case, with lock aud key, 4?. : cloth 
box, lined, ic, 5s. fld, and 7s. Gd. 

New Metal Rosette.— The authorised substitute for 
ribbon rosette, on the^regalia of ^Sub-Lodge Members, and 
a representation o 

Juvenile Officers and Members. _. 

the seal of the R.W.G.L. of the World; is made in yello 
- - handsome die, and is a cheap, neat, and 
1 Is. 9d. per dozen, 

Price 3d. each, 

metal from 
durable orna 
post free. 
Whito Metal Letters for any regalia, 2d. each, or Is. 9d. per 

Silver Silk Letters for any 



Grand Lodge Offices, 



Apiil 20, 1885. 


Many scores of lively, cheery, bright, entertaining 
mirth-provoking Stories will be found in 


Which is full of Homokoos Illustrations by the 
best Artists. Post Free from Dr. ROOKE, 
Scarborough, England, Author of the " ANTI- 



Is pecially recommended by several eminent i^iyisiciaE 
and by DR. ItOOKE, Scarborough, auth r of the " Ant 

It has been used with the most signal success fo 
Asthma, Bronchitis, Consumption, Co« K hs, Influenza, 
Consumptive Nipht Sweats, Spitting of Blood. Shortness 
of Breath, and all Affections of the Throat and Chest. 

Sold in Bottles, at Is. 9d., 4s. 6d., and lie. each, by all 
r«,,..rtahle Chemists, and wholesale by JAMES M. 
CROSBY, Chemist, Scarborough. 

«■ Invalids should read Crosby's Prize Treatise on 


which can be had Grata of all Chemists. 


In every Town, village, and Hamlet In oar land to 
push the Sale of 


For the Bpcedy production of an agreeable Temperance Eever g-> 
for all the ye-ir round. 

__ th» day's light. 


beverage, and in the highest degree 






I. O-Q. T. 



Begs to call the attention of the public to bis 
splendid stock of 


Of all the'Latest Designs, 

Direct from the Manufacturer, at the Lowest Cash 


Overcoats to Order. All wool and shrunk, from ^£1 15s. 

Made on the Premises, at the Shortest Notice. 



(Pour doors from Holborn, W.C.) 

ORPHANAGE, Marios Park. 8xm bcrt -ok -Thames.— For 
necessitous Orphan Children of Total Abstainers Contributions 
irnestly solicited. Collecting Cards and any information may 
- , Mr. S. R. Rolfe, 45, Paulet- 


Man^be?^ 1 -^ T rt from GBoege Bostock Esq., F.O.S.. F.A.8. 

B ECKETc's BEVER^GES^Vd £m peS^pS and 
free from anything deleterious to health ; thevaro non-intoxica- 
' gorating drinks. The Lim 

&.O., make capital Suram 
crated water. 7" 

tor lim ridy and other spirits, wili'st^ the "abundant'' mwlicaT 

' Cordials 

xcellent substitutes 

itmony infaronr of BtCKETr.-i T' i\Ic"'drINK8— Strd ! 
Orange and Quinine. Lime and Qcihike, and Strup or Hops 
— is a sufficient guarantee of their valuable properties " 

I nave prescribed Beckett's Syrup of Orange and Quinine u 
an elegant substitute for Bitter Beer for the last ten years " 

Norman Kbrr, Ebq., M.D., F.L.S., London. 
_. November 8th, 1879, 

Pints, is. 9d. (sufficient for 20 tumblers), half-pints, Is. 
SPECIAL.— A sample bottle of any of the Fruit Drinks sent 
carnage paid to any address for nine stamps ; two pints. 4s j 
fcix pints, 10s. 6d. Tonics— in bottles, Is. 3d., la. 9d.. and 3s. 
carriage paid on any quantity forSd. additional. 
,. Sole Manufacturer : 

W. BECKETT, Heywood, Manchester. 

Sold by Chemists, Grocers, Confectioners, and Coffte Taverns C« 




Of any Bookseller or Newsagent ; or, post free for Three 
Halfpence. Covers for Binding Volumes, black and gold, 
2s. each, post free, from 

John Kkmpster & Co., 
"■' 3, Bolt-court, Fleet-street, London, E.C. 

43 O H "VM N S FOR 3d. 

The Best, the Largest, the Clieiiiic.-t r rVTnp..-i;iii<-i.-, I '.and nf Ifnpe, and Good Templar arid Blue Ribhmi liviiin and Song Book is 


Tne best productions of 300 Wri 

with M.tu*l( 
cimens free for Six Stamp3 from C3- . JJ 

254 Hymns, 99 Rounds, 35 Glees, 102 songs. Published in 11 Editions," 
both notations, from 3d. to 5s. each. 


rk Fennings' Children's Powders Prevent Convulsions, 


For Children Cutting their Teeth to prevent Convulsioi 
(Do not contain Calomel, Opium. Morphia, or anything inju 







f rrf ^°^ "' Soxes at Is. ljd. m.<l 2s. 9d., with direc- 
t0 2 tions. Sent post free for \c. ftamps. Direct to 
Alfred Fknnings, West Cowes, I.W. 

The largest size Eoxet, its. 9d. (35 stamps, post free) 

contain three times the quantity of the small boxes. 


Bent post tree, 13 stamps. Direct A. FBKNINaS, 

"*!£ Read FENNINGS EVERY M'/IIIEKS BOOK, which contains 
& valuable hint9 of Feedinp, Teething, W'caniuy, Sleeping, &c. Ask 

your Chemist lor a Free Copy. West Cowes, I.W. 

FENNING-S' E 7ERY MOTHER'S BOOK sent post free on application by letter or 
post card. Direct to Alfred Fennings, "West Cowes, I.W. 



" If you want drink your heirts to cheer, 

Yet keep your omnium:, cool and clear;" &c. 

Wholesale Agent for Hampshire and Isle of Wight, Bro W. 

JA3. SIMMONS, 32, Commons St., Kingston, Portsmouth. 

One Bottle, Po9t free, NineiSramps, from 

R. W. RAINE, P.W.C.T., L.D., &c, &c. 


Middleton-in-Teesdale, Oo. Durham. 

R. W. RAINE will bo Rlad to hear from any Good Templar 
Brother wishful to take an AL-tncy for " Ginger Cordial ' 

It is profitable. 

Established 1851. 

BIREBECK BANK.— Southampton Buildings, 
Chancery Lane. 

repayable on demand. 

calculated on the minimum monthly balances, when not drawn 
below £50. 

The Bank undertakes for its customers, free of charfre, the 
custody of Deeds, Writings, and other Securities and Valuables : 
the collection of Bills of Exchange, Dividends and Coupons ; add 
the Purchase and Sale of stocks. Shares, and Annuities. 
Letters of Credit and Circular Notes issued. 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full particulars, post 
free, on application. 


The Blrkbeck Building; Society's Annual Receipts 
exceed Five Millions. 

GUINEAS PER MONTH, with immediate Possession 
and no rent to nay. Apply at the Office of the BIRKBECK 
BUILDING SOClEl'Y, 29, Southampton-buildings, Chancery- 

Possession, either for Building or Gardening purposes. Apply 

THE BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with lull particulars, on 


2ME.A. s on • s 


THIS Preparation makes a NON- ALCOHOLIC 
Beverage, giving colour, flavour, ginger, and a creamy bead 
like bottled ale. without the trouble of boiling herbs. One 
table-spoonful makes one gallon, The EXTRACT is prepared 
from the above well-known herbs, gathered when In full bloom, 
all of whleh are so popularly known to make a wholesome, 
cooling, and refreshing drink. Sold in bottles at 6d., Is., 2s., 
and 6a. each. — Sole Proprietors, and may be obtained Wholesale 
only frem 

NEWBALIi & MASON. Chemists, 10, Derby Road 


SPECIAL.— A sample bottle, enough to make four gallons, 

sent carriage paid to any address for 9 stamps. Sold by Grocers, 

Ac; if not In stock they will 

it for you. Agents wanted. 


Splendid figures of 


Fifteen Feet High. 

ALSO Life-Bize Elephants, Oxen, Don- 
keys, Zebras, Monfiter Birds, and Gro- 
tesque Gigantic Men and Women, which fly 
from ten to tweiuy miles, and excite roars of 
laughter when seen capering in the air with 
the ngility of life ; likewise a very droll 
tlL'nrc of ,1olm Barleycorn in his barrel 12ft. 

Full particulars to Good Templars, Bands of 
Hope, Temperance and Gala Committees, on 
application to BEN ILLINOWORTH, 3, Rebecca-street, City- 
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Printed by the National Press Agency, Limited, 13, Whitefriars-street, Fleet-street, B.C., and published by John Kernpster & Co., 3, Bolt-court, FlePt-street,London,K.C— 

Monday, April 20, 1885, 

prohibition of the manufacture, importation, and sale 
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Policy. — Broad, allowing Lodges to act according 
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Vol. XII. No. 588. [¥h?G e S d o at ] MONDAY, APEIL 27, 1885. [anS^aJ One Penny. 


By Helen Briston. 


" There is a tear 
That, straining o'er an object loved and lost, 
With mournful magic, tortures and delights." 


At first Francis Caine refused to shew himself 
among his old acquaintances in Berndale, for he knew 
he was sadly changed in appearance and dreaded lest 
they should guess the cause. But after moping in the 
house for a few days without anyone to speak to when 
Dr. Hall was out, except Mrs. Wren, the old house- 
keeper, he grew too weary of the solitude, and, 
tempted by the brightness of the spring morning 
resolved to take a short stroll through the neighbour- 
ing woods. 

They were bright with foliage of varied green, and 
carpeted with gay spring fiowers. Anemones, 
primroses, and bluebells, clustered in rich luxuriance 
beneath the shelter of the trees; "the birds sang in the 
branches,' 1 the streamlet flowed gently along through 
the wood and out into tha fields. All was so peacefnl, 
bo pleasant, that one might almost have supposed it 
impossible that a m*n lately come from the great 
Metropolis should fail to be charmed by these simple 
sights and sounds. But Frauois Caine trod primroses, 
bluebells, anemones ; under his feet with a heavy 
tread ; he heard the singing of the birds, and the rip- 
pling of the water, but there was no music to him in 
any of these sounds. He was full of bitter thoughts 
which, if they had been put into words would have 
been something after this manner: 

" Of all the places in the wide world that I could 
have chosen to come to, Berndale is the one that will 
make me the most miserable. And why should I 
choose this walk of all others in Berndale ? 
I suppose because the sight of everything 
just as it was in those days — those days that 
I can hardly bear to think of now— and the thought, 
of the last time that I came here with Mary, when we 
parted only a few yards from where I now stand, 
would heap misery on misery, and render me yet more 
wretched, Mary I what do I want to think of her for ? 
What foolish infatuation was it that made me long to 
be where she was, even though I knew she would only 
address me in the coldest tones, never even look at me 
unless she were obliged. If she had cared for me, 
would she net have stood by me instead of 
forsaking me when I was in temptation and 
trouble .' But no, she was wisest, no doubt, to 
think of her own happiness first. And she might 
have risked that, although I think if she had only 
stood by me, I should have been a different man 

It is so easy to" throw the blame of our misdeeds 
upon the circumstances in which we have been placed 
or the influence of the friends who have surrounded 
us, instead of tracing it home to the depravity of our 
own sinful hearts. Although Francis blamed himself 
for having wandered to a spot that had such painful 
memories for him he was loth to leave it again. 
Perhaps there was just a little sweetness at the bottom 

of the cup of bitterness that he was drinking 
while he remained there which allured him to Btay. 
When at last he looked at his watch, he found it was 
Dr. Hall's dinner-time and walked quickly towards 

He forsook the wood, and passing into the lane 
went down the hill, and crossed the green. He had 
taken a road round in coming to the wood, but that 
was farther, and he wished to be in time, if possible. 

He had almost reached the draper's shop ; he had 
almost reached something else too. A large sign- 
board waved to and fro just in front of him. 

Came stood still, irresolute. Not a drop of intoxi- 
cating drink had passed his lips since the Sunday that 
followed Roland's death ; since then Dr. Hall had 
stood between him and it with a persistent firmness. 

On coming t > Berndale, Francis had expected to see 
Dr. Hall take his ale at dinner as usual, and had 
wondered whether it would be offered to him. But the 
good doctor was bent upon saving him, and had re- 
solved that he should not meet with temptation in any 
form in his house. He was thankful to miss his daily 
glass of ale, if benefit should accrue to his young 
friend from his self-denial. Francis was fully aware 
of the reason for his abstinence, and he could not but 
feel deeply the kind consideration with which he was 
treated. He had determined, too, that while there at 
least, he would steadily resist every temptation to 
drink ; let what might come afterwards, he would not 
disgrace himself afresh while he was in Berndale, and 
the guest of Dr. Hall. 

But when he suddenly came upon the village ale- 
house, with it* door standing invitingly open, and 
when, on looking round, he saw no one who would be 
likely to recognise him if he did go in, the temptation 
became too strong for him. The craving for drink 
returned, stronger than ever. The evil spirit was 
whispering to him that one glass of brandy would 
take away all his languor and depression, give him 
new life and energy. There was another whisper too, 
but he would not hear it, for the suggestions of the 
evil spirit were more in accordance with his own 

Francis took a step or two towards the open door. 

That emissary of Satan rejoiced, for the victory 
seemed won. 

But wheels sounded along the road, and it was the 
sigoal for rejoicing on the part of the good spirit when 
Dr. Hall came in sight, driving along at a sharp trot. 
The latter saw Caine standing in front of the alehouse, 
he took in the whole situation at a glance, and as he 
reached the spot he reined in his horse. 

" Here, jump up," he Baid, " or you will be late to 
dinner, and you know I hold the same old opinion with 
regard to punctuality." 

Caine turned an ashamed yet grateful look upon 
him. That evening, as they sat together, he said, 

" You had better let me go back to London." 

" Why ?" 

" Well, I have no wish to become an object of pity 
to the villagers here I " 

" I don't know that you would be any the worse off 
for their pity, Francis," Dr. Hall answered gravely. 

" But I am not inclined to lay myself open to either 
pity or blame from them. I had better go back to 
London, Dr. Hall." 

"No, you had not, I will not hear of it yet. But 

I know my house is dull for you. And you do no 
care to accompany me on my rounds." 

"No, there would be more people to speak to than 
I should care for." 

■■ And yet I think you want company. Some youn g 

"I could not bear anyone with me constantly," said 
Caine, half-irritably. 

" Would you not be stronger to resist temptation if 
you had someone with you when you went into the 
village ?" asked Dr. Hall, earnestly. 

" I cannot be strong, anyhow," was the short reply 
"Caine," said Dr. Hall, after a pause, "you must not 
be alone. I will deal plainly with you. You own that 
you are weak, and I know it is true. But you must 
not refuse the means of strength when they are offered 
you. I know what leads you to cravo the drink bo 
much : you are aloue,you have nothing to do but think, 
and your thoughts make you gloomy; then you feel that 
you must have resource to the oil oomforter. This 
ought nob to be. If you could have someone 
constantly with you — a boy perhaps, one old enough 
to be companionable, and full of spirit— I believe it 
would do you good. Have you among your friends 
anywhere a favourite schoolboy whose presence you 
could tolerate ?" 

" No," answered Caine ; then he added more slowly. 
" there is a boy for whom I have a rather partial 
feeling, but I don't think I could have him constantly 
with me now. He is too much connected with the 
" Ah I who is he ? " 
" Charlie Fernley." 

"Charlie Fernley I Yes, I remember him, I saw him 
a few years ago. He was a little fellow then, I dare- 
say he is a fine lad by this time." 

" Yes, he is above the ordinary run of schoolboys." 
Dr. Hall wore a grave expression for some minutes 
after that. He was trying to recall some words 
of Mary Bailey's with regard to Charlie, and his fond- 
ness for his wine. From what he had heard 
and seen of the boy he would h&ve imagined 
him just the sort of companion that Francis stood 
in need of, bright and strong, yet affectionate 
and considerate, but if he were weak on this point, 
perhaps it would be harmful to both of them to be 
brought together just now. 

It was difficult to know what to do for the best, and 
Dr. Hall turned the conversation into another ohannel 
without further reference to the sabjeot. 

But he by no means dismissed it from his mind, and 
before night he had decided to write to Mary Bailey, 
and laying the matter plainly before her, leave it to 
her to decide whether or not Charlie should receive 
an invitation down to Berndale. Women had quicker 
perceptions than men, he thought, and Mary's deep 
interest in those concerned would render her consoioua 
of danger if there were any. 

Two or three days passed, and then there came an 
answer to his letter. Mary said that " Charlie would 
be quite safe, there was no fear for him now. His 
eyes had been opened by late occurrences, and he waa 
to be trusted. She had already discovered that if an 
invitation came from Dr. Hall he would consider him- 
self a happy boy, and she believed she should be able 
to persuade his father to let him forego a few weeks* 



April 27, 1885. 

This point settled, Dr. Hall again suggested to 
Francis that he should have a companion. And to his 
surprise he met with this answer, 

"Weill I do not mind, but I wonld rather it were 
Charlie Ferrilcy than anyone else." 

Mr. Fernley was the most eerious obstacle in the 
matter. He was anxious Charlie shonld lose no time 
at school, and further than that he did not care for him 
to be under the influence of Dr.Caine t who "had shown 
himself so weak, and certainly could not be expected 
to recover all at once." 

But the first objection was weighed down by Mary's 
argument that after a few weeks in the country he 
would work at his lessons with the greater energy ; 
and the second also fell through, for Charlie, on 
learning what his father had said, went to him with 
an indignant protest. 

"Dr. Caine has never once come between me and 
what was right, though ; when others have been tor- 
menting me because I would not drink wine he has 
often stood my friend. You need not be afraid of 
Dr. Caine doing me any harm." 

11 Well, do you want very much to go, Charlie ? " 
asked his father. 
'■ Yes, very much." 

" Then you shall, but take oare of yourself." 
"You've grown very particular over me.father," said 
Charlie smiling. 

"Thero's need to be particular," replied his father, 
almost sterly, " I would not have you treading in 
Roland's footsteps." 

"I do not mean it, father," answered Charlie 

So it was decided for him to go to Berndale, but he 
waited until there was a change in Hetty's condition, 
he could not be happy to go away from home until all 
danger was parsed. When that change came, all his 
gay boyish spirits returned, and with high glee he 
welcomed the day on which he was to travel into the 

Dr. Caine had said that he would meet him at the 
station, not Berndale Station, for it did not possess 
one, but the nearest station there was to Berndale. 
Ashe drove along he wondered to himself whether 
the boy's manner to him would have changed,whether 
he would have imbibed a prejudice against him, 
through hearing him slightingly spoken of. He 
Bhrank from the thought of being despised or scorned 
by Charlie. But when the train came in, and the 
latter, with all the carelessness of a boy of 15, sprang 
from it directly he could find a footing outside, with- 
out waiting for it to stop, and then, catching up his 
carpet bag, rushed out of the station in such haste as to 
nearly overturn two porters who stood in his way, 
Francis felt that the bright face upturned to his as he 
Bat on the coachman's seat, had nothing of reproach 
in it, nothing even of pity, and he was satisfied. 

" Let me drive, may 1 ?" cried the boy, standing with 
one foot upon the wheel ; " I'm no more of a Lon- 
doner than you are, you know, and I understand how 
to drive a horse without throwing itdown." 

Francis agreed, and Charlie took the reins, and drove 
{raily off. 

"Well, Charlie, and how is your sister?", was Dr. 
Caine's first question, as he realised a thrill of plea- 
sure at having this strong, bold boy beside him. 

A shade of gravity came over Charlie's face. " She 
is better, they say now that she will be sure to get 
well, and will not suffer any real harm from it." 

"They mnst be mistaken," said Caine, thinking of 
the blight that had fallen upon Hetty's young life. 

" I mean," explained Charlie, "that she will have her 
reason just the same. And they think she will get 
strong again. Oh, she seat her very kind regards to 
you 1" 

"I am very much obliged," replied Francis, with a 
grateful feeling in his heart. 

"And Miss Bailey and the others sent their kind 
regards to you and Dr. Hall together. There 1 I shall 
make a note of that : — Messages to deliver from one, 
two, three, four, fire people, and not one forgotten." 

" It was an easy matter when you lumped them like 
that," Baid Francis. That was of course aloud ; to 
himself he was saying that while poor little Hetty in 
her deep trouble, could spare a thought for him 
separately, Mary Bailey only coupled his name with 
that of Dr. Hall. But he had not time to dwell upon 
the subject, for Charlie, never sparing with words, 
was inolined to talk faster than usual this afternoon. 

What a nice trap this is. It's something like the 
dog cart we had at Uttonway, but muoh smarter, and 
more comfortable, Father is talkiug of getting some 
sort of conveyance soon, at least he was talking of it 
before all this happened, I have not heard him men- 
tion it since. He is obliged to stick all the closer to 
business for having neglected it a good deal for 
several days. Oh ! do you know, Dr. Caine that we 
have all become teetotalers ?" 
" I thought you were before." 
" No, not all of us ; we none of us were before Miss 
Bailey came to live with us, then she got ns — the 
girls and me — to promise for a time," 

"Yon have had a dull house lately Charlie," Dr. 
Caine interrupted him to say, for he hardly liked the 
turn the conversation was taking. " But it must be 
a- great relief to you all to see your sister getting over 
it so well." 

" Oh, yes, it is ; and Dr. Morley and the physicim 

we had , too. both said Miss Bailey had done far more 
for ITetty than anyone else. They paid it was wonder- 
ful, the way she knew just how to treat her ; she was 
always cool and quiet, and yet so firm. For several 
days she never left the room for mort' than a minute 
or two ata time. Father wanted to have someone to 
Bit up at night, but she did not wish it, and the doctor 
said if it were not too much for her, it would b. 1 a 
great thing to Hetty, that there should be no change 
of nurses." 

"Can't you talk of anyone besides Miss Bailey?" 
said Francis, testily. (Of course all this was just 
what was to be expected from Mary Bajley, no act of 
devotion, or love was too great to have been per- 
formed by her, but since that love was not for him, it 
only hurt him to hear about it. ) 

Charlie looked up in blank astonishment, " I did 
not mean to offend you," he said, ''I thought you liked 
her. You seemed to once." 

"Ye^.andlmay now. But never mind, Charlie, 
you must not take any notice- of me if I speak quickly 
like that sometimes. See, there is Berndale in the 
distance 1" 

Charlie was warmly welcomed by Dr. Hall, who 
congratulated him on his increase of stature since their 
former meeting. That evening was a merry one. 
Charlie was anxious to see something of Berndale, but 
it began to rain heavily soon after they reached home, 
and there could be no going out that night. But Dr. 
Caine found up a bagatelle board, and a chess board, 
and they talked and laughed and played till the 
difference of age andjeircumstances were forgotten in 
the enjoyment of thehour. 

Dr. Hall had before tried hard to get Francis in- 
terested in some suoh amusement in the evenings, and 
he perosived now how it was that he had failed. He 
had found it impossible to throw all his own interests 
into the game, and to conceal the fact that his chief 
interest was in Francis himself. Thus his play had 
been but half-hearted. With Charlie it was different. 
In the midst of a game he was literally without a 
care, save that it should be won, and it was scarcely 
possible to share in the same amusement and not to 
be infected by his earnestness. Dr. Hall rejoiced as 
he saw his quondam assistant lying back in his ohair, 
and laughing almost merrily again, he felt more 
hopeful for Caine's future than he had done for 

The next morning before breakfast, as Charlie was 
finding his way about the large old-fashioned garden 
that lay at the back of the house Dr . Hall joined him. 

'' I wanted a word with you, my boy!" he said. 
" You know what is Dr. Caine's weakness." 

" Yes," answered Charlie, looking down. 

" Well, now, I've sent for you to be with him to 
bear him company, and to help him to be strong. It 
was not for your own sake that I invited you here, 
though I want you to get as much enjoyment for 
yourself as possible. Charlie, listen to me. If Dr. 

" le is in the way of the drink, and seems unable to 
help himself I look to you to stand by him and bring 
him safely through. Do not offend him if it can be 
avoided, but do not suffer a drop of anything intoxi- 
cating to pass through his lips. It is a responsibility 
for you, is it not ? Are you afraid to undertake it 1 " 

"No, I am not afraid. But will Dr. Caiue like me 
to watch him so?" 

" You must not seem to watch him. And indeed 
bhere is little watching required. But don't leave him 
to himself, Charlie. He's not happy, poor fellow, see 
f yon can't do something to make him so." 

"I will do my beBt," replied Charlie, gravely. "I 
should be very glad to be of use to Dr. Caine," 

' And I believe you will. You're young to be trusted 
like this, Charlie I" 

" You shan't find I'm too young if I can help it," 
said Charlie with a bright look. 

(To be continued.) 

Bro. A. E. Eccxes, P.G:W.T., was most unfortu- 
:ately taken seriously ill during the G-.L. sessioa. Bro. 
Eccles, had, in addition to his other duties of a social, 
pecuniary, and tract nature, to attend to the ventila- 
tion of the Manchester Town Hall while Grand Lodge 
waB assembled. Bro. Eccles soon found out that there 
was air being forced into the hall over which he had 
no control, but it was only after finding it totally 
unbearable that he went to the authorities 
and got a mechanic to stop the fatal stream of cold 
which was disconcerting our Templar Array. But 
thia change was too late as regards Bro. Ecoles, 
for having to stand by Bro. Gladstone, P.G.W.C.T., 
of Scotland, during initiation of new members 
on the Tuesday, he stood in the full blast of cold 
air which came out of the large organ, and as it is 
wroug to move during initiation, it was not possible 
to avoid that draught until the ceremony 
wa3 over, when the mischief was done, causing the 
liver to stop its action, and the head to 
suffer,- neceesitating a retreat from the Army of 
Good Templars for a season. Bro. Eccles went to 
a hydropathic establishment at Bowden, near Man- 
chester, and got a hot hydropathic reception, which 
will very soon it is hoped make him better and a 
wiser man. Bro, Eccles felt it his duty under the cir- 
cumstances to decline nomination for the treasurer- 
ship for another year. 


S in,— Liberalism .md Temperance are close allies. 
TrauLiberalisui has always had in view the social eleva- 
tion of thepoople.and Temperance is one gre»t means of 
the accomplishment of this great object. Thess sound 
doctrines are quietly, but powerfully and increasingly 
influencing the founrtersof Liberal clubs in various parts 
of the country. In Baaford, Nottingham, where I now 
write, no intoxicants are sold on the premises occupied 
by the Junior Liberal Club. This is the policy and 
practice also of four Liberal Clubs in Halifax, and of 
the Liberal Clubs in Sowcry Bridge, Heywood, and 
Hull. I am told that this is true also of several 
others, but I cmnofc at present give their names. 
/The United Liberal Club" in Hull, has about 
1,000 members; and I am informed by one who 
knows it well, that the only persons dissatisfied with 
its decision not to furnish iutoxicanta are Borne of 
its older members, and that ils younger members 
are enthusiastically in favour of that decision. 
This is significant : it shews what there is in store 
for us in the future. The time is not very far off 
when intoxicants will be sold in vury few Liberal 

One thing that will bring about that better state of 
things is the fact, that in the "Municipal Elections 
Act, 1881,' it is enacted (clause 1(J) that "any 
premises where any intoxicating liquor is supplied to 
members of a club, society, or association, on any 
part of such premises, shall not, for the purpose 
of promoting or procuring the election of a 
candidate at a municipal election, be used either 
as a committee room or for holding a meeting." This 
fact has led the promoters of some of the clubs I have 
named, though the majority of them are total 
abstainers, to decide that no refreshments of any kind 
shall ordinarily be sold in their clubs, as it is their 
wish to use their premises for the furtherance of 
Liberal interests in connection with municipal elec- 
tions (which mean in Llanelly Local Board elections), 
as well as Parliamentary elections. Doubtless this fact 
will also influence the earnest Liberals who desire to 
form a Liberal Club in Llanelly. 

It is only right that I should add, that in some of 
the above named clubs, intoxicants are allowed to be 
furnished to those who wish to have them at public 
banquets held by the clubs, or at private dinners 
given by any of the members in rooms hired for 
that purpose ; but the intoxicants are not furnished 
by the club, nor do they derive any profit from them. 

This appears to me a most reasonable compromise, 
and a prudent way of avoiding a division of the 
Liberal party. I earnestly hope that such arrange- 
ments will be made with regard to the Liberal Club 
that is to be formed at Llanelly, as will render it 
possible for the total abstainers of our town to connect 
themselves with it. If that club is made, in fact, 
whatever may be its name, another place for the 
sale of what we believe to be more injurious to the 
nation than any Conservative Government could 
possibly be, patriotism will forbid ns ever entering 
its doors. It will only be merely a Liberal Club, and 
not the Llanelly Liberal Club. I earnestly hope that 
every Liberal in Llanelly, who is also a total abstainer, 
will feel it his duty to be present at the meeting, 
which is to De held at the Athenaeum next Saturday 
evening at seven o'clock, and will vote to that effeot. 
~ remain, sir, yours traly, 

R. A, Bertram. 


To the Editor of the Good Templars' Watchword, 
Dear Sir and Brother, — I regret to say that up 
to this time very few contributions to the above stall 
have been received, while for the stalls of other Tem- 
perance organisations an abundant supply has already 
been obtained. May I urge our Bisters and brothers 
to lose no time in giving or collecting suoh a stock as 
will do oredit to our Order. Articles should be sent 
carriage paid to the London Temperance Hospital, 
Hampstead-road, London, N.W., addressed to me for 
the Goodi Templars' Stall. — Fraternally yours, 

John Hiltott. 

Stringent Liquor Laws in Madagascar.— 
Following up the Temperance Convention whioh the 
Malagasy Envoys negotiated with Lord Granville, the 
Madagascar Government have passed laws prohibiting 
the manufacture or sale of rum in the district of 
Imerina under a penalty for each offence of 10 oxen 
and £2. Any person found drunk with rum will be 
fined seven oxen and 28s., and the introduction of any 
quantity of rum into the district is punishable with a 
tiue of five oxen and £1. These laws, besides being 
promulgated in Malagasy, have been translated into 

To Ctclists.— Strength and slaying power, with 
admirable nutritive, flesh- forming qualities, are retained 
in a concentrated form in Cadbury's Cocoa, providing an 
exhilarating beverage— comforting and sustaining for long 
or short trips.— [Advt.] 

Aran, 27, 1885. 




The twenty-seventh anniversary meetings of the 
Irish Temperance League were recently heM at 
Belfast, and was attended by great enthusiasm, 

was held in the Lombard Hall, on April 9th, nndertlie 
presidency of Mr. M.R.Dalway.D.L ,who waa supported 
by a numerous gathering. 

Mr. Malone, hon. sec, read an abstract of the 
annual report which stated : — " In connection with 
the visit of the British Medical Association to Belfast 
in July, 1681, the president (Dr. Norman Kerr) and 
Council of the Society for the Study of Inebriates in- 
vited a number of medioal and other gentlemen to 
breakfast. Tour secretary stated that the Irish Tem- 
perance League was prepared to give all possible 
support to the society. Subsequently considerable 
correspondence on this subject took place in the Belfa-t 
newspapers with the object of haviDg a home estab- 
lished in the North of Ireland. Rev. Charles Seaver 
has taken an active part in drawing public attention 
to the necessity for such an institution. Nothing has, 
however, jet been dODe, but your committee tru*t 
that at an early period effective steps will be taken in 
the matter. Before we again hold our annual meet- 
ing a general election will have taken place, some 
millions of voters will have cast a ballot for ihe first 
time, and momentous issues depend upon how that 
trust will be exercised. New connections have 
been formed and old ones remodelled. Small 
boroughs where publican influence is para- 
mount have been merged into districts of counties. The 
vote of the publican in the county is now Bwamp j d 
by the newly-empowered elector. All this is hopeful 
for the Temperance reformer, but unless those who are 
in earnest on this question are prepared to place the 
sobriety of the people above all mere party considera- 
tions, and firmly stand by their determination not to 
vote for any candidate who is not prepared togive the 
people tho right of vetoing the issue or renewal of 
all licences in their districts, the result will be disas- 
trous, and postpone effective Temperance legislation 
for years. By a combination of circumstances, every 
Bill introduced into Parliament for tho restriction of 
the liquor traffic v. as defeated. Even the Irish Sunday 
Closing Bill, mentioned in the Queens Speech as one 
of the measures to be dealt with, was obstructed or 
talked out till it was eventually dropped for the 
session, and has not yet been introduced since the re- 
assembling of Parliament. Your Executive feel that 
had Temperance reformers been more earnest and per- 
sistent in urging upon the members of Parliament 
in their respective localities the importauce which they 
attached to this Bill the result might have been dif- 
ferent, for had sufficient pressure been brought to bear 
upon the Government, they would have been com- 
pelled to fix the second reading foran evening sitting, 
when it could not have been talked out. We trust, 
however, that the lesson learnt may not be forgotten, 
and that Temperance men will not only "let their 
voices be heard above all others," but will, at the next 
election, let their voting power be felt in all its 
strength. Your committee have devoted considerable 
attention to opposing the granting of application for 
new licences,and also the renewal and transference oi 
old ones." 

The following resolutions were submitted and 
adopted. Proposed by Rev. J. B. Wylie, seconded by 
Mr. J. Green :— " Believing that the well-beineof the 
people is the highest law, and that the condition of 
our own country has the first claim on the attention 
of the Legislature, this meeting expresses its strong 
dissatisfaction and disappointment that a Parliament 
which waa largely p.'edged to the promotion of Tem- 
perance legislation is apparently about to expire with- 
out attempting to give effect to its own repeated 
declarations and to the just expectations and known 
wishes of the nntion regarding the ruinous traffio in 
intoxicating drinks." 

Proposed by Rev. Charles Scott, seconded by Mr. S. 
Fleming, supported by Mr. J.' H. Raper :— " Observing 
that various Parliamentary constituencies are select- 
ing their candidates for tho approaohing general 
election, this meeting earnestly calls on political 
leaders and the electors generally to remember the 
growing strength and vast importauce of the Tem- 
perance movement, and respectfully informs them 
that the Irish Temperance League will, as far as possi- 
ble, prevent the return of any candidate who is not in 
favour of entire Sunday closing and of referring the 
issue and renewal of licences for the sale of intoxioa- 
ting drinks to the direct vote of the people." 

Proposed by Mr. Thos. Shillington seconded by Rev. 
J. Ford* ce : — "In viewof the uearapproachof a general 
election,thia meeting would respectfully remind Tem- 
perance workers, ministers of religion, and all persons 
of influence with their fellow-citizens of the momen- 
tous opportunity now presented for rendering an in- 
estimable service to their country by educating the 
electors on the duties and responsibilties of the 
franchise, and especially on the propriety and urgent 
necessity of such legislation as shall bring about 
the total and immediate suppression of the liqour 
Copies of all these resolutions were ordered to be 

t to the Prime Minister, the Home Seen 
Lord Lieutenant, the Chief Secretary, and the M T.'e 
for Ireland. 

of theLeaguo was held in the Lombard H»il at 4 o'clock. 
Mr. Lawson Browne presided, and the attendance w»i* 
larger than on any previous occasion. Addresses 
were delivered by the chairman, Mr. J. H. Raper, and 
Mr. Newsome. 

was held the same evening in the Ulster Hall, when 
Mr. Finlay McCance, J.P., presided. After an address 
by the chairman, the Rev. Mr. Lamont moved 
the following resolution: — "That in view of the es- 
sentially pernicious character of the liquor traffic, and 
of the extent and enormity of the evils resulting there- 
from, this meeting declares its firm conviction that 
the legalism? of such a traffic is contrary to the prin- 
ciples of sound government, and that, therefore, its 
total suppression by the speediest constitutional means 
is the urgent duty of the State ; and towards thiseDd 
we again call upon P»rliament,wtthout further delay, 
to enact a law conferting upon the residents of every 
locality the power to suppress the traffic within 
their bounds whenever they so determine ; and 
we also oall upon the Government to fulfil their re- 
peated promises by the re-enaotment of the Irish 
Sunday Closing Bill as a permanent measure, with 
provisions extending to the hitherto exempted cities 
and towns. This was seconded by Mr. Harriott R. 
Dal way, and supported by Mr. J. H. Raper, who stated 
that on the 31st Maroh.l 864, there were 160,763 drink- 
shops in the United Kingdom, and on the previous 
31st March they had 1S6.638 ; and he believe . 
they would find the returns for the 31st Maroh, 1885, 
when the Chancellor of the Exchequer presented his 
Budget, would shew a still further decrease. The 
singing of " God bless the Prince of Wales," by the 
whole assembly, terminated the proceedings. 

The annual meeting of the Ladies' Temperance 
Union was held in the Lombard Hall, on April 10. 
There was a good attendance, and the Rev. J. Fordyce 

Local Option. 

Mr.WfUTWORTH asked, the Secretary of State for the 
Home Department when he proposed to introduce the 
measure for carrying out the resolution passed by the 
Rouse, and supported by the Government, which de- 
clared that entrusting the inhabitants of localities 
with a legal power of restraining the issue or renewal 
of licences for the sale of intoxicating liquors was 
required in the best interests of the naLion. 

Sir W. Harcourt : I am afraid I am not able at the 
present time to fix any date. 

Sir J. Pease's Sunday Closing Bill. 

Mr. T. Richardson, in the absence of Sir J. Pease, 
moved the second reading of the Sale of Intoxicating 
Liquors on Sundays (No. 2) Bill, without comment. 

Mr. Warton protested against the second rea t- 
ing o f a Bill of this kind being moved without any 
explanation whatever. He was at first under the 
impression that this was one of the county liquor 
Bills, but he now found that it applied to the whole 
of England. ThiB system of members moving the 
second reading of important measures by simply 
lifting their hats was a disgraceful mode of legisla- 
tion. He strongly objected to all these ill-advised 
attempts to limit the liquor traffic. Publicans em- 
barked all their capital, time, and energy into a class 
of business which was hampered more than any other 
trade with legal restrictions. He did not know what 
the views of the hon. member for Hartlepool (Mr. 
Richardson) were with regard to alcoholic drinks, 
for he did not remember ever hearing the hon. 
member express any opinions on any subject whatever 
in this House, but he would like to ask him whether 
he ever took a glass of ale when he wanted it. He 
might be a thorough teetotaler orhemightbea moder- 
ate drinker; he would not assume that he was anything 
worse — (laughter) — but whatever hi-* views or prac- 
tices were, he was evidently in favour of legislating 
for others in a way that was downwright 
tyrannous There wt.3 no reason whatever why 
those persons who did not drink beer should endea- 
vour to prevent others doing so. The advocates 
of restricting the liquor traffic assumed a 
moral superiority over others which they had no right 
to adopt, but that would not matter if they did not 
endeavour to enforce tyrannous legislation. Beer was 
a natioral drink, and there was no reason why it 
should not be. There was no beverage so suited to the 
English climate and taste, so cheap and so palatable, 
as beer, (Laughter and " Hear, hear.") It could 
not be denied that the effect of Sunday Closing in 

on to increasodrnukeuitesson thaSabbath 
•■" !>'■"'-'« b»T1 'IT 
sprojsg-Bp ft) that town, v. 1 '•r worse 

effects than any nu nooses. He moved 

that the Bill be r.-ad a second time that day six mouths. 
Mr. H. Allen believed that the Sunday Closing Act 
had not heeu so successful in Cardiff as it had been in tho 
rest of Wales, but it was :o be hoped that the growth 
of the secret drinking places might be cheeked by 
legislation without pressing upon private liberties to 
any undesirable degree. Cardiff was in an excep- 
tional position, as the town was situated near the 
English border. There was also a large floating 
population of seamen in the town. He could testify 
to the fact, however, that the Act was regarded as a 
great boon by the inhabitants generally of Cardiff. 

Mr. Monk pointed out that the Bill before tho 
House was not a total closing measure like the Welsh 
Act. It provided for the partinlelosingo! public- 
houses on Sundays in the Metropolis nod in towns 
nd populous places in tho country, but the words 
populous places " were not properly defined. 
Mr. Tomlinson remarked that there were no pro- 
isious in the Bill with regard to bo nil fide travellers. 
Mr. 0. Palmer explained that he had plaoed his name 
i the back of this Bill because he regarded it as a 
compromise with some of the more extremo measures 
that had been proposed. He believed that in com- 
ittee the Bill could be made acceptable to the House 
generally. , . 

Mr. Osborne Morgan thought the provisions of the 
Bill were reasonable on the whole. As was well known, 
public-houses in Lonion, under the present law, were 
open from 1 to 3 on Sunday afternoon, and from 
6 to 11 on Sunday nights; and in the country the 
hours were from half-pastl2 till 2. and from 6 till 10. 
It was proposed by this Bill to reduce the Sunday 
evening hours of opening, so that in London they 
would be dosed at 10 o'clock and in the country at 9. 
The country districts to which this provision of the 
Bill applied were defined by the towns and "populous 
places " described in the Act of 1874. It was also 
provided that in places outside the metropolitan dis- 
trict, but within the metropolitan polioe district, and 
in country towns and populous places, the sale of in- 
toxicating liquors would be prohibited during the 
hours of opening, except for the sale of beer, to., for 
consumption off the premises. The general effect of 
the measure would, therefore, be to restriot the Sun- 
day liquor traffic to the purchasing of refreshment 
during the stated hours of consumption off the pre- 
mises. Neither in London nor in the couutry was it 
proposed to alter the present law regarding the bona 
ncie traveller and railway refreshment room. ■ 

Mr. S. Lloyd said if there was any evidence that a 
majority of working people, and of the lower ruiddlo 
classes, which used public-houses, desired a change of 
the kind, hr would not oppose the Bill. Ho would, in 
fact, support it, irrespective of any considerations of 
trade interests. But there was no evidence of the 
kind, and he for his part could not see why public- 
houses should be suppressed any more than the private 
clubs and drinking places of the wealthier classes. 

Mr. Gourley did not believe in the utility of partial 
measures of this kind. He was in favour of the total 
closing of public-houses on Sundays, and of the adop- 
tion of the principle of Local Option. He did not see 
that there would be any advantage in passing the 
second reading of this Bill to-day, and he therefore 
moved the adjournment of the debate. 

Mr. P. H. Muntz agreed that it was advisable that 
the debate should be adjourned. They ought not to 
legislate hastily on important measures, dealing with 
millions of the people. If members desired to further 
restrict the liquor traffic, let them begin by preventing 
the sale of intoxicating liquors within the preointsof 
'his House and at their own clubs. (Lau;hter and 

The motion to adjourn the debate was then agreed to. 

A Temperance Industrial and Fine Art Loan 
Exhibition was held in the sohool-room of tho Presby- 
terian Church, Borough-road, S.E., on April 21 to 
24 inolusive, organised by the District Lodge of 
East and Mid Surrey. A report of the proceedings 
is held over until next week. 

He thought He was Entitled to the Usual 
Percentage. — Sam Oppenheimer was one of the pas- 
sengers on the San Saba stage that was robbed a few 
weeks ago. " Shell out your money or off goes the 
top of your head," remarked one of the robbers, 
holding a pistol under Sam's nose. — " Three hundred 
dollars vash every cent. I got, so help me shiminy 
grashus," exclaimed Sam. — "Hand 'em over." Sam 
did 80, keeping back six dollars. " What are you 
keeping back them six dollars for /'' mildly inquired 
the robber, pressing his pistol against Sam's head. 
' Mine Gott,don't you let a man take out two per cent, 
ven he advances money without securities?" asked 

Is it true that the magistrates, if they like, can close 
every public-house, as stated in No Vestbd Interest 
in Licences (6d., with Appendix) ; and that any person 
can oppose the renewal of a license, as Bhewn in How TO 
Shut up a Public House (3d., from Bro. Amery, Bland- 
ford, Dorset), yet, in opposition to Licences, Youb 
Lodge is doino nothino [Advi.] 



April 27, 1885. 



We last week reported at considerable length the 
more important and interesting 1 debate of the Grand 
Lodge Session. To supplement that report we now 
supply omitted reports of committees and an epitome 
of other legislative work of the session. 




Motions on Digest. 

No. 55, Your Committee recommend that in view of 
the strong dlesatia faction expressed with the new 
Juvenile Temple regalia, the original Bhape and colour 
be retained. 

No. 50. That it be laid on the table. 

No. 57. Already the law of the Order. 

Nos. 58 and «0. That they belaid on the table. 

No. 59. That we recommend the R.W.G. Lodge to 
make the use of the password quarterly. 

No. 61. Dealt with by Nos. 58 and 60. 

No. 61f. Already the law of the Order. We reoom- 
mend members to make it widely known. 

The above recommendations were adopted. 

No. 62. That this Grand Lodge recommend the 
R. W.G.Lodge to prepare a transfer ceremony for the 
admission of Juvenile Templars into Sub-Lodge, to 
be inserted in tne Sub-Lodge Ritual, exhorting them 
to retain their membership in the Juvenile Temple as 
adult members. 

This resolution was carried with addition, " That 
the Supt. give the charge, or in his absence some 
member of the Lodge who has taken the J.T. obliga- 

Subsequently, the G.L. decided that Reps, to 
R.W.G. L. were to take no steps to have this enacted 
until G.L. has bad another opportunity of considering 
the subject. 

No. 63. That this Grand Lodge recommend the 
R.W.G. Lodge to prepare a short installation cere- 
mony, to be inserted in the Snb-Lodge Rituals for the 
use of Lodges having Temples affiliated with them. 

This was Tabled. 

No. 64. That it be laid on the table. 

No. 64g. Seeing that District Councils have full 
power as to granting representation to A.S.J.T,s, we 
recommend that it be laid on the table. 

No. 65, That it be adopted. 

No. 66. That ic be laid on the table. 

No. 67. That it be laid on the table. 

No. 68. That inasmuch as District Councils already 
have this privilege, we recommend that the G.S.J.T. 
remind Councils to that effect, and advise them to 
take advantage of the privilege. 

No. 69. That inasmuch as the D.L. Executive has 
already a representative at the District Council in the 
person of the D.S.J.T., we recommend that it be laid 
on the table. 

These were all adopted. 

We recommend that Grand Lodge authorise the 
formation and carrying on by the Juvenile Temple 
Committee of a Juvenile Templar Mission Fund, 
knowing that the children will aotively and success- 
fully take up this matter for the extension of the 
Juvenile Order, the state of the Juvenile Order in 
many districts requiring some such step being taken. 

Referred to Executive to consider in connection 
with General Home Mission Fund. 

We would draw attention to the fact tbat the 
Juvenile Templar Ritual has been revised and is now 
ready for issue. Also that a service for Juvenile Temple 
Councils has been specially prepared for use in this 
jurisdiction. Submitted in truth, love and purity, — 
Lydia A. Walshaw, G.S.J.T. 
H. E. Young. 
D. Gover. 
James B. Davis. 
J. Cook, Sec. 



Your committee beg to report that congratulations 
and greetings have been received from 33 Subordinate 
Lodges, one Rechabite Tent, six private members, one 
Templar Orphanage, and one D C.T. 

Replies h*ve been forwarded to these communica- 
tions. Leave of absence has been granted to 69 re- 
presentatives ; each applicant having assigned 
satisfactory reasons. 

1. The following resolutions are recommended : — 

" That this Grand Lodge expresses its heartfelt thanks 
to the Reception Committee for the admirable 
arrangements made for the convenience of those 
attending the session, especially placing upon re- 
cord its great satisfaction at having had the 
privilege of holding its meetings in one of the 
most magnificent piles of municipal buildings in 
the world ." 

2. That the Reception Committee be asked to convey 
to those who kindly afforded hospitality to the repre- 
sentatives and Grand Lodge officers the very best 
thanks of this Grand Lodge. 

3. That the best thanks of the Grand Lodge be 
accorded to the numerous clergymen and ministers 
who preached sermons bearing on the question on 
Sunday last. 

4. That thanks be accorded to the visitors from the 
R.W.G. L. and sister Grand Lodges. 

G. That the Young Men's Christian Association be 
thanked for the use of their roomB. 

T. W. Glover, Hants, S. (Chairman.) 

A. B. Harrap, Leicester. 

R. E. M. Lawrence, Devon, S. 

G. H. Graham, Kent, M. 

H. Wilson, Yorks (Cleveland). 

Your committee report that special notices and re- 
ports of the proceedings of this session have been 
written by members of this Grand Lodge, and have 
appeared in the following daily papers : — 

The Times, The Daily Chronicle, Manchester 
Examiner, MancJietter Guardian, Mancliester Courier, 
Bristol Mercury, Bristol Press, Glasgow Herald, 
Liverpool Mercury, Liverpool Post, Leeds Mercury, 
Newcastle Chronicle, Western Morning News, and, 
through the Press Association and the Central News, 
in every other daily newspaper in the United King- 
dom ; also in the West Cumberland Times, and in hun- 
dreds of other weekly newspapers. The session, we 
may add, has been liberally reported. 
Submitted in Faith, Hope, and Charity, 

A. Arthur Reade, S.E. Lancashire (Chairman) ; 

Henry J. Osborn, WeBt Gloucester ; 

Henry Browne, Middlesex ; 

W. H. Husband, East Cornwall ; 

Thomas Storr, Lincoln. 


Political Action was the first item upon the 
digest. The proposed changes sent up from E. and 
M.Surrey (1. 2, 3) were adopted, and a bye-law was 
enacted accordingly, 60 that hereafter the political 
ofiicerB will be the Electoral Superintendents in Sub- 
Lodges, Constituency Superintendents in Constitu* 
enoieB,Diatrict Electoral Superintendents in D.Lodges, 
and Grand Electoral Superintendent in Grand Lodge ; 
and the commissions will be issued and signed by the 

The G.L. Committee on Political Action will, after 
consultation with District officials, appoint a National 
C'Uncil, which, for more effeotive local work, will be 
sub-divided into Provincial Councils. 

Quarterly Beport Forms will be provided for 
D.E.S.b to send to E.S.S and C.S.s where desired, and 
the U8e of such forms will be recommended in addition 
to the annual forms now in use. 
; was resolved, by a large majority, to retain the 
Second Degree. 

It was also resolved that no member of the Order 
shall be eligible to receive G.L. Degree who have not 
been 12 months a member of the Order ; and a proposal 
to exclude the L.D. of a newly-inatituted Lodge from 
this requirement was lost. 

The qualification for Grand Lodge Degree was 
implified by reducing it to six months' membership 
n the Third Degree.providing that all candidates must 
)e members of District Lodge. Any G.L. Executive 
officer to have power to confer the G.L. Degree in any 
D.L. session. 

R.W.G.L, to be moved to amend Art. VII., Sec. 
12, Sub-Lodge Constitution, so as to include resump- 
tion of G.L. Degree by those who have previously 
acquired it. 

The B. W.G.L. Degree Fee is proposed to be reduced 
to 2s. 6d. 

Sub-Lodge Constitution was amended as fol- 
lows : — 

As to time for Election and Installation of Officers 
(Art. V., Sec. 5). — Lodges must elect on last night of 
quarter, but may instal on first night of new term, 
(Subject to R.W.G.L.) 

As to Associate Membership. — Bye-laws to indicate 
that a member drawing a c.c. from his ordinary Lodge, 
may yet remain as an Associate Member, with the 
concurrence of the Lodge. 

A member may be compelled to take a C.C, (Art. IX., 
Sec. 2), upon a five-sixths vote of his Lodge, providing 
that upon the vote of the Lodge one week s previous 
notice nas been sent in writing to each member, includ- 
ing the member himself. 

The uniform charge of Sd. for C.C's and certifi- 
cates was made to apply to all dispensations 
and to D.L. certificates. 

TJte Betention of Members Suspended for Arrears, — 
It was resolved to adopt a soheme to this end, so as to 
retain the names of those who have not violated Art. 
II., acd are willing to retain membership, the Lodge 
not being liable for tax ; and the method was referred 
to G.L.Ex. to report to next session. 

The Betention of the Password by the W.D.S. until 
receipt of tax and returns was approved. 
Grand Lodge Bye-laws. 

A Grand Lodge Medal was ordered to be founded, 
in gold, silver, and bronze, as the distinguishing hono- 
rary badge of the Ordor, Buch medals to be worn by 
members to whom they may have been presented by 

Grand, District, and Sub-Lodges in recognition of 
faithful service for the good of the Order. 

The Juvenile Templars' Challenge Shield. — The 
regulations for winning this were so altered that 
Districts competing must start with at least five 

Initiation Fees.-— District Lodges may empower 
their Sub-Lodges to reduce initiation fees to Is. for 
adult males, to Gd. for females and minors ; "the Dis- 
tricts to decide the age at which members may be con- 
sidered minors. Re-admission to be as admission. 

The l*i$iting Deputies' Commissions to expire with 
District Lodge year. 

A Certificate of Service wis ordered (mainly^ in re- 
sponse to the desires of soldier brethren) on which can 
be recorded and certified from time to time the officee 
held in the Lodge or Lodges to whioh the bearer may 
have belonged. 

Tlw present sliape of White Regalia of Sub-Lodges 
was approved in preference to a straight band, but a 
suggested improvement by the addition of a blue 
edging was authorised. 

The Abolition of the Word Degrees was approved, 
so that members be known only as Subordinate, Dig- 
it, Grand, and Right Worthy Grand Lodge memberB 
(subject to R.W.G.L.). 

Simplification of Bitual, «£•<?.— It was resolved that 
the time has fully arrived when it is absolutely neces- 
sary to the best interests of the Order and the cause of 
Temperance, that some very thorough reform should 
be effected in the direction of mortifying and simpli- 
fying the ritoals, regalia, titles, and degrees ; and that, 
with this view, the D.L. be requested to move the G .L. 
to appoint a representative committee to fully and 
thoroughly inquire into the subject and to report. 

Crystal Palace tete.—lt was resolved that in view 
of the special circumstances connected with the 
National Temperance Fete at the Crystal Palace 
this year, the Grand Lodge Executive be instructed to 
appoint a committee consisting of representatives 
from the various Districts to work in their respective 
localities, in conjunction with the Central Committee 

promoting the success of the F§te. 

For a full and authorised report of the legislation 
enacted by Grand Lodge, we must refer members to 
the official notioe, which will doubtless be issued from 
the G.L. Office indue course. Meanwhile, the informa- 
tion we give should not be regarded as an authority 
upon which to act, as some matters resolved upon 
have yet to be sent up to R.W.G.L., and the legisla- 
tion generally has to be haimoDieed and officially 
notified to the Lodges, 


The following appointments were made during the 
Grand Lodge Session : — 

Pro Tem. G.L. Officers.— G.W.V.T., Sister M. E. 
Doowra, Kelvedon : G.S.J.T., Sister M. A. Green, 
Liverpool ; P.G.W.C.T., Bro. James Rae, Reading. 

Miscellaneous Committee. — Bro. T, W. Glover, 
P.G.W.M. .Chairman, Hants ; A. B. Harrap, Leicester ; 
G. H. Graham, Kent, Mid ; R. Lawrence, Devon, S. ; 
and H. Wilson, Yorks, Cleveland. 

Mileage Committee. — Bro. C. J. Whitehead, 
Yorks, S.W , Chairman ; D. Tree, Sussex ; T. Goate, 
Norfolk ; W. MoCubry, Kent, W. ; and Charles Gibson, 
Durham, N. 

Reporting [for the Press.— A. Reade, Chairman, 
Lancashire, S.E. ; H. J. Osborn, Gloucester, W, ; H. 
Browne, Middlesex ; W. H. Husband, Cornwall, E.; and 
Rev. T. Storr, Lincoln. 

Assistant Grand Messengers. — Sisters Edwards, 
Gibbon, HoBkinson, Lancashire, S.E. ; E. S. Clarke, 
Somerset, W. ; Bro. J, W Hopkins, Gloucester, E. 

Assistant Grand Guards.— Bros. Baldrey, Hants, 
S. Gape, Beds ; Alston, Suffolk ; W. Smith, Yorks, E. ; 
Greene, Lancashire, N.E. ; Mann, Essex. 

Committee on Juvenile Order.— Sister Walshaw, 
G.S.J.T. ; D. Gover, Middlesex ; J. B. Davis, Wilts ; 
John Cook,Cumbsrland, W.; Sister Young, P.G.S.J.T., 
Stafford, E. 

Bro. Oskar Eklund, R.W.G. Marshal, in 
Birmingham. — On April 15, a large meeting of mem- 
bers of the Order was held in the Star of Hope Lodge, 
Birmingham, the occasion being an official visit from 
the Warwickshire District Executive, who were ac- 
companied by Sister MisB Gray, P.G.D.M., Antwerp, 
and Bro. 0. Eklund.G.W.Sec. of Sweden, and R.W.G. 
Marshal. Bro. J. Humpherson, D.C.T., presided, and 
beside the above-named, there were also present :— 
Bro. William Wilde, W.D.C. ; Sister Mrs. Woodward, 
W.D.V.T. ; Sister Mrs. Townsend, D.S.J.T. ; Bro. Rev. 
S. Knell, D.E.S. ; Bro. W.J. Glover, W.D.Seo. ;Bro.R. 
C. Griffin, W.D.M. ; Sister Mrs. J. E. Ponlter, P.D.V.T, 
After short addresses from Sister Gray, Bro. Wilde, and 
Sister Townsend, Bro. Eklund spoke as to the con- 
tinued prosperity of the Order in Sweden, where they 
had now a membership of 38,000 — a wonderful work 
for four years. As to the coming session of the 
R.W.G. Lodge of the World in Sweden, Bro. Eklund 
announced that the use of the House of Parliament 
had been granted for the purposes of the session. Be- 
fore the close of the meeting, Bra Malins, O.W.C.T., 
arrived, and concluded the proceedings with a short 

Apbil 27, 1885. 



All communications to be addressed THE EDITOR 
eowti , Fleet-street, London, E. C. 

The * !Sew» of the Lodges" should constitute a public record fo 
the important events in connection with ordinary Lodge 
Sessions, Public Meetings, AnniTersaries, &c, in connection 
with the Order. It should refer, not to matters of mere 
local interest and to the every -day occurrences of ordinary 
Lodge Sessions, but to Buch matters as are of national 
importance, interesting alike to all classes of readers 
stimulating some, encouraging others, and rejoicing all 
For this purpose it should make mention of Essays and 
Papers read, of competitions In Reciting, Beading, and 
Singing, Temperance Bees, Question Box, and such like. 
And, Once a Quarter t the total number initiated or admitted 
by c.c. , the total of membership, Ac, may be given. Singing, 
Reciting, 4c, at ordinary Lodge Sessions should not be 
reported, as the same names of singers, reciters, 4c, c 
week after week, and Buch news can only be of limited local 
nterest. When, however, a Public Anniversary, or other 
Meeting or Demonstration in connection with the Order 
takes place, the names may be given of the chairman and of 
those taking part, and to save space these should be classified 

thus ; Chairman, — * Songs by , Recitations by- 

fee., Ac. 

Lodge News should be seat as early as possible, and 
cannot bo received after Tuesday morning for insertion 
In the following issue, except from Lodges meeting on 
Tuesday night, from which reports can be taken up to 
10 a-m. on Wednesday. 


Hoxton,— ,( London Ark of Sa'ety." April 1G, Visit 
of the V.D. and Citizen Lodge, who gave us an excellent 
entertainment; songs by Sisters Palmer and Cooke, Bros. 
Farthing, Powell, and Cottle, and an amusing re ding 
by Bro. Waid ; Bro. Powell (L.D. Citizen and V.D.) 
presided and gave an address on the G.L. Session. 

Hammersmith. — " Thomas Carlyle." April 17. Pro- 
gramme, sacred songs and solos ; Bro. C.Clark, W.C.T.; 
aolos. Bros. Clark and Howard ; recitation, Bro, VV. 
Wickender ; duets by two sisters of Livesey Lodge ; large 
number of visitors including Bro. T. C. Macrow, P.V.D., 
who gave a very interesting account of hia visit to 

New Cut.— " Farm House." April 11. D. L. Rep.'s 
gave report which was adopted. It was unanimously 
carried that the name of this lodge be altered, and that 
it be hereafter known as the " George Thorneloe " Lodge. 
Bro. Reeves presented the fraternal greetings of the 
Withdeane Court Lodge, Brighton, i which were 
accepted. Bro. W, Mildon gave an account of G. 
Lodge. — April IS. An evening with songs and recita- 
tions ; songs by Siater Clements, Bros. Reeves and 
Parkes; recitations by Bros. W. Mildon and Maiden. 
Bro. Easton aleo spoke a few words. 

Pimlico. — "Progress." April 16. One proposed. Visit 
of the Grosvenor Lodge. Bro. Butler, W.C.T., address ; 
songs, Bros. Butler, W. Thomas, H. Thomas, and 
Thomas, sen. ; dialogue, Bros. H. Thomas and Butler ; 
songs, Sisters James, Ball, McAllister, jun., and Thomas ; 
address by Bro. McAllister, L.D. Visit of Bro. T. C. 
Macrow. I*. V.D , who gave a short address of encourage- 
ment. Bro. B. Wheatley briefly addressed the members. 

Stoke Newington.— " The London Trinity." April 
15. One admitted on c.c. Visit of the Henry Ansell 
Lodge, who gave an excellent programme of songs, recita- 
tions, and readings ; large attendance. Watchwords 
always on sale. 

Lower Norwood. — "Fenwick." April 14. One initiated 
a&d two admitted by c.c, an invitation from Crystal 
Palace Lodge was accepted. Bro. T. Pryce and Bro. T. 
Saunders were appointed as Representatives to the Tem- 
perance Demonstration at Lower Norwood. Bro. Win- 
terbottom's night, to entertain the Lodge. Songs by Bros. 
Botling, Winterbottom and Whitfield ; recitations : Bros. 
Chandler and P. B. Robertson. 

Shaftesbury Park.— " Shaftesbury Park." April 16. 
Coffee supper. A very pleasant evening was spent. 

Leytonstone. — " Hope of Leytonstone." April 14. 
Social gathering ; Bro. Searle, D.C.T., presided, and 

Etve a very interesting account of his visit to Grand 
odge. The proceedings were enlivened by a pianoforte 
solo l>y Miss Lewis ; songs by Bros. Garwood, Sparrow, 
Dewing, and Burrell ; Dialogue by Bros. James and 
William Burrell, J.T.; readings by Bros. Searle and 
Htorns. Refreshments were provided by the Lodge at 
small charges, and the meeting was very successful. 

Kilburn. — "General Garfield." April 15. Open 
Lodge at 9 p.m., presided over by Bro, T. C. Macrow, 
P. V.D. ; programme, a lecture on flowers, which was 
admirably given by Sister B. G. Powney, P.L.D., giving 
names of flowers. Large numbers of visitors, principally 

Battersea.— " St. John's Hill." April 14. Entertain- 
ed by the J.T., Bro. Pryke, Supt., addressed the meet- 
ing, after which the children gave songs and recitations. 
Sister Pryke sang two songs, the meeting was open to the 
public, and the room was crowded ; Temple doing good 

Norwood. — "Crown of Surrey." April 10. Bros. H, 
Spooner and C. Grout surprised the members with a 
coffee and cake supper, it being the seventh anniversary 
of their joining the Order, Bro. J, Spooner spoke a few 

ords, and a hearty vote of thanks was given to the pro- 
idere. Songs and recitations by Sisters Hone and 
Jones and Bro. Chandler, &c. A capital evening spent. 
Twelve Watchwords sold. 

Bethnal Green.—" Odell." April 1, Bros. Keen and 
Skinner recommended as L.D. and E.D. respectively. 
Visit from Clapton Park Lodge.— April 8. Easter 
soiree. Fair attendance. Programme consisted of songs, 
duets, recitations, parlour games, &c, by Bros. Skinner, 
Cavanagb, Sisters Dean, Godbehear, and the Misses 
Warren and Mills. A very enjoyable evening. 

Holloway.— " Seven Sisters." April 11. Members 
occupied platform at the Grafton-road Mission Hall. — 
April 13. Reports ot District and Grand Lodge proceed- 
ings, received and adopted ; afterwards officered and 
entertained by St. Stephen's Lodge, Bro. Seager,W.C.T., 
presiding, and stating that two of the highest on the poll 
for the Board of Guardians were of the Anti-beer party, 
and out and out Temperance men. The collecting box 
for the Home Mission Fund, handed to the Lodge by 
Bro. Gibson, was heartily received. 

Chelsea.— "Marlborough." April 14. Visit of Pal- 
merston Lodge, Bro. E. T. Heffill, W.C.T. One 
initiated. Address by Bro. Heffill ; song, Bro. Tysoe ; 
recitation, Bro. Heffill ; reading, Bro. Langley; recitation, 
Bro. Harden. Refreshments provided. 

Aldersgate-street. — "City of London." April 13. 
Visit of Prideof Ratcliff Lodge, Bro. J. Reeves, W.C.T. 
Two initiated after which songs, readings, and recita- 
tions. Large number present, including Bro. A,Tompkins, 
P.W.D.S., Beds.;T.C. Macrow, V.D.; G. Smith, E.D. 
Pleasant session. 

Islington.— "Henry Ansell." April 11. Good attend 
ance, amongst whom were Bros. Parncutt and Suther- 
land, 16 Lodges from all parts of London were also 
represented. Four initiated ; visit of the Banner of 

Waterloo-road.—" South London," March 27. Selec- 
tion from standard poets. Readings and recitations by 
Sisters Woollacott and Herbert, and Bros. Cann, 
Du Soir, and Humphreys. Good attendance.— April 10. 
One initiated. Sister Lee reported to be dangerously ill. 
Bro. Woollacott, having just returned from Grand Lodge, 
gave a short account of same. The members of the 
Orange Branch Lodge, who were paying us a visit, gave 
a good programme. Seventeen Watchwords sold. 

Chelsea. — "Grosvenor." April 3. Officered and en- 
tertained by the Queen's Messenger Lodge. Bro. Under- 
wood, W.C.T.; songs and recitations^ refreshments 
handed round ; 49 visitors present ; a social and pleasant 
evening spent.— April 10. Open Lodge and entertain- 
ment. Bro. C. Butler, W.C.T., presiding. Songs and 
recitations by Sisters A. McAllister, Kimmons, and 
MorrisB, Bros. C. Butler, Green, W. Thomas, F. Colbeck, 
H, Thomas, J. Butler, and Kimber. Large number 

Bermondsey.— " Ben jamin Hill." April 6. Very 
successful soiree ; over 50 present. The evening was one 
of the best ever spent for a long time. Songs, recitations, 
and parlour games. Bro. Tucker acted as M.C.— April 
13. Third Degree was conferred on two and the Second 
Degree on two. — April 20. Visit of the London Scots 
Lodge, who officered and entertained. A very pleasant 
evening was spent. One initiation. Sixteen shillings 
handed into the Lodge, the proceeds of the soiree. 

Hackney.—*' Hackney Mission." April 14. Pound 
night ; two initiated ; Bro. Carman presented report of 
last soire'e which shewed a profit of over 25s. to the 
Lodfje funds ; a number of parcels were disposed of ; 
nomination of members for Good of Order Committee. 

Homerton. — "Chepstow Castle." April 15. E.D. 
aggregate meetingwas arranged, also election of CD. 
for the borough ; Bro. Hanlon, CD,, presided ; reports 
from several E.D. of the Lodges were given in by Bros. 
Cummings, E.D„ Butler, E.D., Carruthers, E.D,; a 
long discussion ensued as to the "Vote for vote "policy 
in which Bros, Tugwell, W.C.T., Stevens, W.M., Jeffins 
Watson, Cooper, L.D., Thomas, P.V.D., W.D.A.S., 
Seeley, Carman, P.E.D. and Howe, L.D., took part. 

Dulwich.— "Desirous." April 16. The brothers sur- 
prised the sisters with new Sub Lodge Rituals, after 
which the sisters entertained with songs and recitations ; 
songs by Sister Price, Sister Dunkin, Sister Hookway, 
Sister Pattison ; recitation by Sister Penn ; Bro. Pad- 
dington, CD., pad us a visit, and it was agreed for the 
Electoral Council to officer t' e Lodge on July 30 ; Bro. 
Paddington also addressed the Lodge. 

Hackney. — "Homerton's Hope." April 16. Good 
attendance. Circular read for assistance to our late Bro. 
George's, of Walthamstowe, widow. Resolved to assist 
the same. The programme being sacred night, Bro. 
Racine having charge, a pleasant evenin* was spent in 
sinning, prayer, reading of Scripture, and addresses. 

Islington.— "Henry Ansell." April 18. Splendid 
open meeting; room full. The chair was ably tilled by 
Mr. Fuller, Superintendent of Sermon Lane Missions, 
and the entertainment was given by the choir from the 
same place. Short addresses were also given, making 
the meeting a very pleasant and profitable one. 

Kennington, North-street. — "G. W. Johnson." April 
18. Entertainment for the benefit of our Temples. Bro. 
Shepheard, S. J.T., in.the chair. Great success, the hall 
being crowded. 

Deptford. — "John Bowen." March 13. After business 
the P.W.V.T. officered andentertained.— March 20. Two 
proposed ;, report of Special Committee on anniversary 
stated that the church and preachers and band had been 
secured for one day, and the four Metropolitan D.C.T.'b 
for the public meeting. Bro. J, Bowen recommended as 
L.I.)., and Em, Savill as E.D.; two initiated and two 
proposed. — March 27. Resolved to attend the demon- 
stration to unveil the Jabez West drinking fountain ; 
officered by P. W.CT.'s; two initiated ; Sister Weeks, 
D.V.T., Middlesex, visited and gave an address. — 
April 3. Good attendance; Good Friday customs ob- 
served, coffee and buns served to all present; after 
which one was initiated, and the remainder of the even- 
ing was spend in singing.— April 10, Official visit of 

S.D., who gave an address.— April 17. One initiated 
five admitted by c.c Visit of the Plumstead Victory, 
Lodge, who entertained with good songs, recitations, 
and short speeches. 100 present. 

Chelsea.—" Marlborough. " April 21. Two initiated, 
Bro. F. Turney, W.C.T. Large number of visitors ; 
pleasant session. Lodge progressing favourably, shewing 
au increase during the present quarter. Watchwords 
regularly supplied. 


Chichester.— "Girded Loins." April 7. A coffee 
supper in St. Martin's Hall, after which the meeting was 
entertained by members. Attendance large. 

Waterlooville. — " Waterlooville Ebenezer." 
April 6. Open session presided over by Bro. J. Cull, 
W.D.M. Solos by Sisters Evans and Lunnen, Bros. 
Lunnen, Spencer, and Wright. Recitation by Bro. 
Borrow, L.D. Cipital address by Bro. Cull. Large 
choir forming for Crystal Palace Fete. 

Cosham.— "Portsdown." April 1. Spelling Bee; 
1st prize won by Bro. Shergold ; 2nd, Bro. F. Potter. 
Bro. J. S. Wright and Bro. Frampton elected L.D. and 
ED. Readings, Bros, Shergold and Potter; recitation, 
Bro. Calton. 

Tutbcry, near Burton-on-Trent. — " Temperance 
Home." April 4. Public entertainment ; an excellent 
audience ; chair taken by Mr. H. J. Johnson. Bros. 
Jabez Elton, Cooke, T. Cordon, Holbrook, J. Hill, Dud- 
dell, Frank Crossley, Malloy, Jones, T. F. Elton, and 
Louis Cordon, Sisters Bentley, Faulkner, Astle Elton, 
Grange, Fearn, and Ryder entertained in a inanuer 
highly creditable. The Rev. J. WoHendale was present 
and opened the meeting with prayer. Mr. Jabez Elton 
accompanied the various songs, &c. 

Plymouth.— "Ark of Love." March 28. Officered 
and entertained by Temple of Peace Lodge. Address by Bro. 
Hamley, D.C.T.— April 4. Night of Bacred song by 
members. Address by Bro. Smart, P.D.M., who is 
leaving for London. 

Plymouth.—" Plymouth." March 16. Visit of Temple 
of Peace Lodge. Pleasant evening.— March 23. Spelling 
Bee; seven competitors: 1st, Bro. Mitchelmore, jun.; 2nd, 
Bro. Evans; and 3rd, Bro. Husbands. Bro. Geach aoted as 
interrogator.— March 30. Visit of Bro. Hamley, D.C.T., 
who presided. It being letter night several letters read. 

Cowes, I.W.— "West Medina." April 3. Annual 
tea and public entertainment. About 80 present at tea, 
and good attendance at meeting in the evening. Bro. 
Noyce presided ; addresses by Bro. H. Shepard, 
D.C.T., and Mr. Mitchell - ? son^s by Sisters 
Jones, Ryall, Torpey, Hadwin, and Horder, and 
Bros. Rowe, Wheeler, T. L. Shepard and Lowe ; 
recitations by Sisters Torpey and Ryall and Bros, 
Loosemore, Forward, Birch, Sach and T. L. Shepard. 
A dialogue by six members.— April 6. About 24 members 
paid a visit to the Albany Garrison (Military) Lodge, a 
newly instituted Lodge, which is rapidly increasing and 
doing a good work amongst the Argyllshire Highlanders. 

Glossop. — "Perseverance." April 10. A good ses- 
sion, one proposed. Some of the ministers in the 
district are being waited upon to preach a Temperance 
sermon on Sunday. Bro. Knott, an address ; Bros. 
Nixon and Mali . n, a song each, and Bro. Knot, reading 
from Wactchword. 

Middlestone Moor.— " Barnabas." April 6. Con- 
cert in aid of the fund. Songs by Bros. DagliBh, Wild, 
Dunbar, Wriglitson, and Sisters and Dunbar, Benett; duet, 
Sisters Dunbar and Middleton ; recitations, Blakyayton, 
Nattrass, Sisters Daglish and Robinson ; concluded 
with a humorous sketch. Chairman. Bro. Dunbar. 

Guildford.—" Guildford." April 3. Good Friday. 
Open Lodge session. A thorough good programme, and 
well carried out; the place fairly packed. One initiated. 
—April 10. Entertained by the Aldersbot Lodge, who 
took us by surprise, and gavo us a really good entertain- 
ment ; one initiated. Watchwords sold. 

Hull.— "United Effort." April 10. Open Lodge at 
8.15, when an entertainment, consisting of recitations, 
readings and singing was given by Bro. C. R. Storr, 
D.Ch. ; Sister Storr, W.T., and the members of his 
family. Bro. Oliver, P.D.C.T., made some very appro- 
priate remarks ; Mr. Barchard kindly presided at the 
harmonium. A very plea3ant evening was spent, the 
singing and reciting by the children (seven in number) 
being much appreciated, and received applause. 

Leicester. — " Excelsior." April 7. Public tea, after 
which Bro. Sykes, of Huddersfield, gave a stirring 
lecture on " Love, Courtship, and Marriage," to a 
crowded audience. Profit on tea and collection, £1 4s. 
for the funds. Bro. Brafield presided. 

Balham.—" Welcome Home." March 27. Bro. Clarke 
recommended as L.D., and Bro. W. Barton as E.D. — 
April 10. Bro. Coldwells, of the Missing Link Lodge, 
Australia, was admitted on c.c. The Second Degree was 
conferred upon three applicants, and the Third Degree 
upon two, by Bro. Davies, L.D. 

Newport, Mon.— " Star of Newport." On Friday, 
the 10th inst., there was a strong muster of members and 
visitors, all the Lodges of the town being represented, 
the superintendents of several Temples also being present 
in anticipation of the Juvenile Challenge Shield arriving 
from Manchester. Late in the evening the coveted 
trophy arrived in the custody of the G.L.Rep., Bro. W. 
H. Brown. Upon Bro. Brown entering the Lodge and 
displaying the shield the utmost enthusiasm was mani- 
fested, the members rising and cheering heartily, whilst 
those present who were more particularly interested in 
Juvenile work expressed their determination to do 
everything possible to earn the award again next year. 

Brandon.— "Mount Beulah." February 26. Four re- 
stored to Lodge membershipand one initiated. — Maroh 5. 
Three proposed ; one initiated ; pound night. — March 
12. Two initiated, one restored, and four proposed : 
after which a conference meeting was held in connection 
with the Sub-District, when a paper was read by Bro. 
Telford on " The Leakage : its cause and effect, and how 
to stop it," which brought forth a pUaeant evening's die 



April 27, 1885. 

cusslon. — March 19. Lovefeast and experience night. 
Two initiated. Resolved to Bcart a Bible-class in con 
nection with our Lodge; conductor, Bro. T. Lackenhy' 
—March V(\. One proposed ; three reinstated. Resolu- 
tion passed to suppoit nine but Temperance men as 
members for the School Board. Bro. G. Worby was re- 
elected as L.D. for the ensuing year, and Bro. S. Barnes 
E.D.— April 8. Two propos:d, two initiated, and five 

WooLwion.— "Swnrd and Shield." April 10. Tem- 
perance Politics (E.D.'e) night proved an interesting 
session. Bro. Reushaw, D.E.D., presided. There were 
alBO present Bros. Hedlcy, P.W.D.Co., and Davies, 
D.E.D., Naval District, and E.D.s in the area. Sev ral 
breihren expressed their views on the political aspect of 
the Temperance movement, the vote for vote policy was 
freely and firmly advocated, also the grand point which 
we aim at, viz., entire prohibition of the liquor traffic. 
It was finally resolved that we, through our E.D., Bro. 
J. Kallend, request our D.E.D. to call a meeting of 
E.D.s at an early date to ascertain the exact voting 
power in this constituency, and to join with all other 
Temperance societies here in preparing for the coming 
election, to send a member to Parliament who will vote 
for the suppression of the liquor tiaffic One initiated, 
one on c.c, and one reinstated. 

Reading. — The "Reading," April 6. Annual tea, 
attended by a good number. A public meeting was sub- 
sequently held, when recitations, songa and addresses 
were given by the following :— Sisters Jennie Kirk and 
Gou«h; Bros. Wheeler, Smith. Reeves, James, fee, A. 
W. Collard, Esq., presided. There was a large atteud- 
ance. Seven names taken for membership.- April 7. 
Entertained by Brothers. A good programme was 
arranged by Bro. Roach, P.W.C.T. A good attendance; 
one initiated. 

Radcliffe. — '* Radcliffe." April 5. Weekly Gospel 
Temperance Meeting conducted bv Heory Speakman, 
Esq. Addresses by Bro. Josiah Cave, G.W.Sentinel, 
and others. Very good meeting. During the day 
Temperance sermons were preached by the Rev. H. W. 
James, the Rev. J. Polhtt, Mr- J. T. East, and Mr. 
Peters. — April 7. Public meeting in connection with 
G.L. in Co operation Hall ; chairman, George E. Ai 

North Stafford; George French, W.D.Sec. North 
Lancashire ; Josiah Cave, G.W. Sent. Wilt- 
shire ; the Rev. H. W. Jame^, Bros. Joseph 
Scholes and John Ellsey. Anthems by choir led by 
Bro. Jamea Entwistle; accompaninsc, Bro. W. Lowe. — 
April 11. Weekly Penny Readings: good attendance; 
Bro. R. Kershaw presided.— April 12. Temperance 
sermons in connection with Grand Lodge meetings 
preached in New Jerusalem Church by Bro. W. T. 
Stonestreet, P.W.D. Ch. ; New Connexion Chapel by 
Bro. Rev. George Coates, W.D.C.Ch.; Baptist Chapel by 
Mr. G. M. Harvey (pastor). In the evening at 8 the 
weekly Gospel Temperance meeting was held, when Bro. 
the Rev, George Coates, W.D.Ch., conducted. 

Manchester. — "Concilioet Lahore." April 11. Visit 
of Bro. Stacey-Watson, D.Tr. of Norfolk, and Sister 
Stacey-Watson, and several other distinguished visitors, 
who hid visited Manchester for the Grand Lodge ses- 
sion. Three initiated. Bro. F. S. Bedford read. Ad- 
dresses by Bro. Stacey-Watson and Bro. R. Langdon, of 
Torquay. A very pleasant session was held. 

Stockton-on-Tees. — " Flockton." April 3. Milk 
and bun supper ; room full. Games indulged in under 
the M.C.-ship of Bro. Hansell, S.J.T.— April 10. Open 
Lodpe. Programme under the care of Sister M. Robin- 
son, W.Cwhen songs,readings,&c.,were given by many of 
the members and visitors. Good number present. 
Programme appreciated. Watchwords sold. 

Stantonbcry. — "Pioneer." April 16. A very in- 
teresting paper on Temperance work, by Bro. W. Ward, 
W.C.T. Bro. Ridgway introduced collecting card for 
the bsnefit of the widow of Old John King, the pioneer 
teetotaler, and who died at the age of 90, which was 
liberally met. Watchwords sold. 

Winchester.— "Itchen Valley." March 20. Open 
Lodge. Visited by Juvenile Temple, who entertained 
under the superintendence of Sister Goodyear, S.J.T., 
and Sister Miles, A.S.J.T. One admitted on c.c. from 
India and one as an associate. At the close each juvenile 
waB presented with buns, oranges, sweets, &c — March 
27. Bm. Buckingham, W.C.T., treated each member 
with coffee and cake. Two initiated.— April 10. Coffee 
Bupper ; visited by members from Southampton and 
Phoenix Lodges ; a good meeting; several good addresses 
find songs. Bro. Buckingham, W.C.T., elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Guardians fur this city. 

Doncastkr. — " White Rose." April 8. One initiated. 
Paper by Bro. Bolyton, of Golden Rule Lodge Subject, 
"Geology." Very interesting. — April 16, Good meet- 
ing. One initiated, and one proposed. Programme pro- 
vided by Bro. J. Hirst, of Perseverance Lodye. Thirty 
Watchwords now taken weekly. 

New Malden. — "Sure Refuge." April 3. Open Lodge 
session ; very good entertainment provided. Refresh- 
ments during the evening. About 80 present. — April 10. 
Readings from the Watchword. Several members gave 
extracts from the official organ and other Temperance 
papers. — April 17. Two initiated. Programme was im- 
promptu speeches. Some very good subject* were drawn 
and well discussed. It was decided to continue the pro- 
gramme until next week, when more speeches were to be 
given. Bros. Oawley, London, Saur.ders, Sewell, and 
others took part. 

Folkestone.— "Safeguard of Folkestone. ' April 10. 
Five initiated and several proposed; discussion, "Are 
we as Good Templars, doing what we ought to do for 
the Good of the Order?" Bro. H. S. Tolputt, W.C.T., 
presiding ; good session. 

Stanton bury.— " Stantonbury Poineer.' April 9. The 
Wolverton St. Georee Lodge entertained with excellent 
readings, recitations, and songs ; Bros. Clewett, Martin, 

Hines, Keen, rind Storey, and Sisters Jones and Clewett 
took part ; a very pleasant evening was epent. 

Wolverton.—" St. George's." April 13. Visit of 
Bro. Robeits, D.O.T., who gave an account of his visit 
to G.L StepB were taken to starta branch of the United 
Kingdom Railway Temperance Union at Wolverton, 
also a Crystal Palace Temperance Fete Club. After 
which a paper on " Alcohol not a nwcessity, and some 
simple Bubetitutesin cases of sickness," was given by 
Sister K. Clewett. A discussion on the paper followed, 
in which Bros. Martin, Ives, and Roberts, took part. 

Glossop.— " Porseverance." April 8. A good session; 
resulred that the Members of Parliament for North 
Derbyshire, an 1 the Home Secretary be communicated 
with as to the release of Henry Williams. Bro. Kemp- 
ster, D.S.J.T., for Northumberland, who presided, gave 
a very encouraging speech. Sister Newsaru, of Good 
Samaritan Lodge, Manchester, was also present. 
Watchwords sold. 

Wakefield.—" West Parade." April 13. Bro. S. F. 
Whittaker in a short speech commented on the Local 
Option resolution contaiued in the tract entitled "The 
Direct Local Veto," by Bro. Kempster, and strongly 
condemned the apathy of the Government in not bring- 
ing in a Local Option Bill, also urging the members of 
the Order to practise the vote for vote policy, and urged 
that the new tracts should be well distributed. A dis- 
cussion on the proposed new Temperance Hall. One 

Manchester. — "Tower of Refuge." April 7. Social 
evening ; short meetinp, but very interesting speech by 
Bro. Newcotnbo( Worcester) and Bro. Cox (Hertford); 
recitations by the Sisters Daniels, Lane, Howe and 
Freeman; Bro. iiiloy gave his experience of teototalistu 
since 1832 ; soi;g, Hro. Dorsett ; very pleasant evening. 

Sheerness. — 'Naval Excelsior." April 10. Avery 
pleasant evening. Brothers' surprise night. Several 
brothers gave some useful presents to the sisters, after 
which son^s and recitations were given. 

LOW2R Nonwooo.— "Fenwick." April 7. Anniver- 
sary celebration. A public tea and meeting. Chairmau, 
Bro. Rev. W. Hobbs, who gave an address. The secre- 
tary, Bro. Pippard, read the report, which shewed that 
there had been an increase of three members during the 
year. The Juvenile Brauch shewed on February 1, 1885, 
39 members, and 16 were added during the quarter, 
making a total of 55 members. Songs, recitations, and 
address by Bros. B. Whitfield, Chandler, Botting, P. B. 
Robertson, Muss Plant, &C..&C. 

Spalding. — "Hand-in-Hand." April 9. Pound 
night. The members brought about five pounds of 
biscuits, ono pound of nuts, one pound of raisins, one 
dozen sausage rolls, and a large pork pie, all of which 
were handed round, and thoroughly enjoyed. Good 
number present. 

Cheltenham. — "Hugh McNeile." March 2G. One 
initiated. Sister Tombs provided refreshments to cele- 
brate her birthday. Songs and recitations by visitors and 
members ; a very pleasant evening was spent. 

Middlesbro. — " Cyrus " April 6. Good attendance. 
Two prizes given to sisters for best Easter dyed eggs. 
Bro. J. Atterbury recommended L.D., Bro. Taylor E.D. 
Lodge visited by Bro. R, Skelton, W.D.S , who gave an 

Radcliffe.—" Radcliffe." April 13. Visit from Bro. 
Tenniswood, of the Hope of Bootle Lodge. Bro. John 
Lancaster, P.W.C.T., introduced the Poole Peijury 
Case, and urged the members to write to the M.P.'s on 
this question. Literature was distributed to enlighten 
the members as to the facts of the case and to prepare 
the members for further action the following session. 
Resolved that the secretaty write thanking the eight 
ministers who had preachsd Temperance -.ermons in con- 
nection with the visit of the G.L. He was further 
authorised to send to each minister a copy of the Watch- 
word containing reports of G,L. meetings. Songs by 
Sister Ballamy, Bro. Allen and Bro. Wardle. 

Eltham. — "No Retreat." April 14. Entertainment 
by Bros. G. and F. Smith and Rathbone, who gave four 
trios, a flute, and two violin solos. 

Manchester. — " Concilio et Labere." April 18. Visit 
of the following distinguished visitors : — Sister M. A. 
Warmerehaw, East and Mid Cheshire; Sister M. Arm- 
strong, D.A.Sec, East and Mid Cheshire; Bro. Emery 
Tunbeam, E. Somerset; and eight or nine other sisters 
and brothers of various Lodges out of Manchester ; two 
initiated; ono admitted on c.c, and six admitted as 
associates. Bros. J. G. Tottin, W. Gibbons, and H. J. 
Wettherill were elected D.L.Reps. Seventy-six members 
and friends present ; Watchwords supplied by Sister A. 

Spenntmoor.— "Triumph of Hope." April 8. Two 
initiated. Greetings telegraphed to Grand Lodge ; spell- 
ing bee, interrogator, Bro. F. R. Sykes, P.W.C.T. 
After a keen contest, Bro. J. H. Dodshorn proved the 
winner. — April 15. Three initiated. Committee appointed 
to arrange for open-air meetings during coming summer. 
Visit of Rose of East Howie Lodge ; good attendance. 

Lowestoft. — "Welcome," April 10. Brothers' sur- 
prise night; Lodge closed at 9 p.m., when the brothers 
prepared the tables for a supper consisting of boiled beef 
and roast leg of pork, plum pudding, tarts, &c, coffee, 
tea, &c; there were about 56 present, and a very pleasant 
evening was spent ; three initiated. — April 15. Twelfth 
anniversary celebrated by a public tea, when about 80 
sat down to tea, after which a public meeting was held ; 
addresses by Rev. Mr. Mason, Mr. Christian, Bro. G. 
Barker, W.D.S.; Sisters Shreve, Clarke, Peck, and 
Triggs gave a very interesting dialogue. The Rev. G. 
H. Turner presided. The room wa-* beautifully deco- 
rated with flags and flowers.— April 17. One initiated 
and one admitted by c.c; Bro. E. C. Bromley gave a 
short address on future votes, 

Newport (Mon).— "Star of Newport." April 10. 
Offioer^-d by the Tabernacle Excelsior Lodge, when a 
good programme was rendered, Bro. Curtis, D.M., being 
W.C.T. The Lodge held the session open past the UBual 
hour to welcome Bro, W. H. Brown, D.C.T., on his re- 

turn from Grand Lodge, who had brought with him the 
Juvenile Challenge Shield, and who on entering the 
Lodg^j was received with rounds of applause. Short 
addressee of congratulation from various officers.— 
April 17. Excellent session, when the Sisters regaled 
the Lodge with many good things, and entertained ; 
addresses by D C.T., D.S.J.T., and Bro. Blatchly, 
S.J. T., of Liswerry. Initiation, when five were admitted. 
Lodge making great progress. 

Sutton.—" ExceUior." April 3 Tea and entertainment 
and adjourned session at 9.30. Good attendance. After 
a very enjoyable tea, a capital progranimoof songs, solos, 
recitations, and dialogues, was rendered. Five persons 
to join the Lodge. -April 10, vUit of Bro. Stripe. V.D., 
who gave an address; one initiated. Programme Commit- 
tee appointed for ensuing quarter.— April 17. Bio. Car- 
penter's night. Open Lodge entertainment, good atten- 
dance, Bro. David Kerr, presiding. Songs, recitation*, 
and dialogues by Sisters Dexter, M. Kerr, H. Kent, E. 
n and N. Hume. Bro3. Kerr, Trickey, Spiegelhalter 
and Allison. At the close several pledges were taken 
and one initiated into the Lodge, 

Manchester.— "Grand Alliance." March 2G. The 
"mysteries of a sawdust box " resulted in enjoyment to 
members and increase of Lodge funds. Ono initiated.— 
April 2. Sougs, &c, by Sisters Stone and Kay, Bros. 
Kay, Merrington and Heaton.— April 9. Public meet- 
ing : chairman, Rev. C. E. Stuttard; capital addres* by 
Bro. Cocker, P.G.G., and Bro. Brooks, G.L.Rep. Songs 
and recitations, good meeting ; chairmau promised to 
join the Lodge.— April 16. Debate : " Is war justifiable?" 
Bros. Pugh, Stone, Heaton, and Wilson took part; de- 
bate adjourned till next session. Ooe initiated, one on 
c.c Large attendance ; Lodge progressing. Programme 
for next quarter adopted, containing three open-air 

Maidstone.—' 1 Invincible Crusader." March 13. 
Lodge drill by the- L.D., Bro. Headford, being on the 
rrrogramme.— March 20. Election of L.D., and E.D., 
Bro. Redmond and Bro. Hammond recommended 
respectively. Two admitted by c.c — March 27. 
Sisters' night. The sisters entertained with a capital 
programme; one initiated ; three admitted by c.c, and 
one as an associate.— April 10. Programme committee 
appointed for the following quarter. One associate ad- 
mitted. Songs, recitations, Ac— April 17. Open ses- 
sion. A beautiful programme was rendered before a well 
attended meeting. Several promised to become members. 


Sheerness. — " Naval Excelsior." April 10. One pro- 
posed. The programme being brothers' surprise night, 
presents were given on behalf of the brothers by Bro. 
Charles, W.C.T. The presents chiefly consisted of books. 
Bro. J. Slade gave a song and recitationn ; Sister Thomp- 
son, sen., a recitation in excellent stylo ; Bro. A. Watts, 
a soner, and Bro. L. Dorgan, song. 

H.M.S. Agincodrt.— " Star of the Channel." March 
31. Visited and officered Milford Haven Lodge ; after 
addresses from Bro. Ward, L.D., Bro. Sowden, V.D., 
and Bro. Heppell, W.O.T., arrangements were made to 
hold a public demonstration and entertainment.— April 
1. Usual session on board ; was visited by the Milford 
Haven Lodge ; a very pleasant evening was spent.— 
April 2; The combined Lodges in Channel Fleet, viz., 
Star of the Channel Lodge, Letter W., and Channel Fleet 
Lodge, letter A., visited the Haverfoidwest Lodge at 
Haverfordwest. The Lodge was opened by D.C.T* 
Bro. Vaughan, alter which the members walked in pro- 
cession to the Market Hail, the two Lodges consisting of 
150 sailors, entertained upwards 1,400 persons ; everyone 
was delighted ; good result is expected ; chair was taken 
by Bro. Heppell. W.C.T, of the Star of the Channel 
Lodge, Letter W.— April 4. The Good Templars of the 
Channel Fleet took tea at the invitation of the Milford 
Haven Lodge, after which we formed up in connection 
with the shore Lodges, and headed by the Temperance 
band marched through the principal thoroughfares of the 
town.l Having turned everybody out to .-et: what was the 
matter, we marched to the Masonic ti all and gave an 
entertainment, consisting of songs, recitations, and 
readings and addresses to a crowded meeting ; Bro. 
McGuiness, L.D. of the Channel Fleet Lodge, Letter A., 
presided, supported by Bro, Ward, L.D., of the Star of 
Channel Lodge, Letter W., and Bro. Sowden, V.D., 
Naval District. The Lodge numbers 110 members in 
good standing and candidates are oming up in sixes and 
sevens every Lodge night. 


Winchester. — "Garrison Safeguard." April 11. 
Good attendance ; sing, read, or recite, or pay Id. 
Pleasant evening, Is. lOd. realised in flues.— April 18. 
Programme, "Question Box," a practical, useful and 
interesting session ; questions mainly on rules of order 
and procedure; Bro. Moody, W.C.T., presiding. 

Cairo. — " Excelsior." A most successful open session 
(tea and entertainment) was held at the American 
Mission Hall, Cairo, to gladly receive the Good Templars 
of the Oxfordshire Kegiment, who have just been trans- 
ferred to Egypt. The chair was taken by Mr. Carter, 
schoolmaster ; a most enjoyable tea was placed on the 
table, and after the good things provided had bean dis- 
posed of by the 90 friends present, a very pleasant and 
profitable evening's en tertainmentwasgone through; Bongs 
by Bros. W. Mead, F. Crook. W. Lipscombe, H. Brown, 
T. Green, and G. Warren ; readings by Bros. R. Foley, 
and F, Sedgewiok, and recitations by Bros. A. Brown, 
and R. Foley. A letter was received from Bro. Sergeant- 
Major Parker on the 9th instant communicating the 
welcome news that the military district has won the 
" Challenge Shield" for the second time. 


Dublin.— " Commercial." April 15. Bro. James 

Caithness, G.W.C.T., gave a very interesting account of 

his visit to the annual session of the G.L. of England ; a 

few words also from the G.W.S. 

April 27, 1885. 



Middlesborocgh.—" Eureka." April 3. Good attend- 
ance, Bro. Taylor presiding ; Second Degree conferred on 
two sisters ; Bro. R. Skeltou reoommendod m Temple 
Deputy; a-ldr&ssts .by Bro. Milner, P.W.C T., Bros. 
Milville, and Atterbury. 

Folkestone.— "Campbell." April 13. Tbird "Degree 
conferred on 13 members ; addr. a en by Bro. S. C. Wos 
ton, D.C.T. ; Bro. W. B. Clarke, T D. ; Bro. J. Y. 
Beasant, D.T.; and Bro. R. H. Campbell, P.D.C.T. 
Bro. W. B. Clarke recommemUd T.D.; capital seeBlon. 


Chelsea.—" Young Crusaders." March 31. "Visit of 
Bro. T. C. Macros, V.S.J. T., who\initiated three, and 
gave a short addreBs ; recitations by the younger 

Hammersmith.— "Thomas Carlyle." April 3. Social 
tea and entertainment. Bro. T\ C. Macrow, D.C.C., pre- 
siding. Recitations, Bros. Vincent, Caaden and Upton; 
two duets, Sister Phillipa and Mi 33 Chambers ; song, 
Bro. Nidgel, E.C. ; addresses by Bro. Youngson and Bro. 

CCBITT Tows.— "Star of the East." April 1. Public 
meeting to celebrate lUh anniversary; Bro. Heal, 
V.S.J.T., presided. The programme consisting of vocal 
and instrumental music, in addition to recitations, &c, 
was capitally rendered. Mr. Woister, conductor ; Sister 
Fuller, harmoniumist. Attendance gcod. 

Doncaster.— " Morning Star." March 27. Good 
meeting. Bro. Hirst, of Perseverance Lodge, pave a 
short address. The superintendent also addressed the 
members. The room was crowded. 

Ramsoate. — " Lifeboat." April 10. A very successfu 
magic lantern entertainment, by Bin. J. Pilcber, E.D. 
assisted by Bro. W. Whitmore, S.J.T. Some of the 
views were illustrative of the evil effects of intemper- 
ance, others were of a miscellaneous character. The 
proceedings of the evening were of an instructive and 
enjoyable character. 

ENDERnr.— A senior Temple was instituted at this 
village on April 9, bv Bro. W. Baker, D.S.J.T., a-sisted 
by Bro. W. Battersbv. W.D.Treas., Sister Banbury, 
V.P., Sister Border, D.C.Chap., Bro, T. Seddon, S.J.T., 
and nearly 90 other adult friends. There were also pre- 
sent upwards of 30 members of the Homeward Bound 
Senior Templo, Leicester, who had been driven over to 
Enderby in conveyances ut the expense of their pupeiin- 
tendent, Bro. Soddon, to aid in the institution. After 
the Temple had been opened, 22 children and 11 adult 
were initiated, and the officers for the ensuing quarter 
elected and installed. The Temple is named the George 
Edwards, in memory of the lato P.G.W.Chap. Several 
members addresse) the Temple. 

Cheltenham.—" Victoria." March 31. Two initiated, 
making 10 this quarter. Fife solos, songs, &c, by various 
membeis. Good attendance. Temple progressing. 

Doncaster. — " Mcrning Star." April 10. Two 
proposed, six initiated. Sister F. Nelson was presented 
with a book for obtaining the greatest number of signa- 
tures to the Tomple during the last quarter. "Vote of 
thanks was given to Bro. Archer for paBt servic 
S.J.T. for the past year.— April 16. Bro. Hall 
superintendent, presided, and gave a shor 
Other mombers of the Executive also